World’s Biggest Battery and Pumped Hydro store electric energy video
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World’s Biggest Battery and Pumped Hydro store electric energy video

September 10, 2019


In 1909 the building behind us was
completed and contained a chemical battery to store electrical energy from a power station at Port Adelaide which was owned by the Metropolitan Tramways Trust (MTT) to supply electricity to its electric trams (street cars) There was insufficient capacity for the power station at Port Adelaide to supply the trams during “rush periods” So that energy was stored in the battery behind us in the quiet periods to be used during rush periods Metropolitan Tramways Trust (MTT) of South Australia Port Adelaide Black coal from New South Wales was brought in for a power station (now demolished) (a converted lead smelting plant at this site) owned by the government through it’s Metropolitan Tramways
Trust and it’s electric tramway system in 1909 This is the interior of the power
station at Port Adelaide owned by the MTT It produced high voltage AC power which was transmitted on pylons to the city where it was converted into DC Power or stored in batteries at the converter stations (CS) during quiet periods for use during rush hours. This is the converted station (CS) at East Terrace where alternating current (AC) was turned into direct current (DC) A photograph in the State Library (of S.A.) taken in 1909 of the lead-acid batteries inside the MTT converter station at East Terrace This mural (at Holland St THEBARTON) shows the Adelaide Metropolitan Tramways Trust (MTT) electric tram system as it was in 1934
which opened in 1910 The dotted lines show the high tension (AC) power lines Conversion Station number 14 (C.S.14) at Rostrevor
would also have had batteries in it. Its 5:00pm on a mild Spring day and we see that Queensland requires 7,348 but only has 6,734 plus 374 from wind generation so at this point (Queensland) is importing electricity through two of the “interconnectors” from New South Wales New South Wales needs 8,542 but only has a total of just over 8,300 of generated and wind power available So NSW is importing electricity from Victoria Victoria needs 5,355 but only has just a bit over 5,000 So (Victoria) is importing electricity from Tasmania and
also from South Australia So electricity is flowing from South Australia through (Vic and NSW) to Queensland and from Tasmania through (Vic and NSW) to Queensland at 5:00pm on the 14th of November 2018 If we look at the figures for the price and demand
(at 8:00 am on the next day) this light mark line is the “Demand” and this faint line is the (Demand) “Prediction” for electricity requirements past eight o’clock in the morning for New South Wales This is for Queensland and we can see the peak of demand and the prediction For Victoria the demand cycle For South Australia Here is the demand And for Tasmania If we look at 5 minute periods. This goes further back in time So, we can see back in time. This is now (8:00am). Going backwards. Through the night the peak, the peak requirements in Tasmania were down Yesterday evening Yesterday lunch period mid-morning and the middle of the night. South Australia You can see here that the requirements got very low compared to the day Back, through the night so it’s through the middle of the day so
it in the middle of day yesterday the requirements went low and morning period and night This is Victoria this is the requirements going back in time For Queensland We can see there’s quite clear spikes here in Queensland. Where the demand was high at mid-afternoon and low the rest of the time. In New South Wales. Again there are periods in the middle of the night where the requirements are quite low. But during the day, the demand was quite consistently high. Tumut 3 Power Station just west of Canberra Is the first “pumped hydro” storage scheme
in Australia. It uses off-peak energy to pump water into the reservoir, the “Talbingo Reservoir”, which is a 150m above the “Blowering Dam” So this is the dam wall for the “Talbingo Dam” and 150m below is the (Jounama Pondage of the) “Blowering Dam” This is a township of Talbingo These are the generators the power station is fitted with 6
Toshiba turbines each equipped with Milko manufactured generators which has
compar combined you know a capacity of 1.8 gigawatts of energy three of the six
units can operate as pumps the second pumped hydro scheme in Australia was
built in 1977 just west of Wollongong south of Sydney in the Kangaroo Valley
power station it has two generators each of 80 megawatts has pumped turbines
for total capacity of 160 megawatts from the been dealer pondage the kangaroo
valley pumping and power station lifts water further 480 meters to the petrol
falls reservoir or a tunnel shaft pipelines and canal the water
available for hydro electricity generation is discharged back down the
conduits driving the turbines as returns the Lin dearly pondage this is a
kangaroo valley Fitzroy dams misfile clamour and Wollongong which is just south of Sydney Sydney The third scheme is near Brisbane. The”Wivenhoe Power Station” the pumped storage hydropower station consists of
two circular silos in the small dam you can see here called the split yard Creek
Dam which is above like Warren Ho with a head of 76 meters two silos have a diameter of 32 meters and in the bottom of those silos there
are two generators of 250 megawatts which during periods of excess energy
during low peak periods pump the water from like wave and ho into the slip
guard Creek Dam this bitter Creek Dam has sufficient capacity for ten hours of
continuous power generation and it takes 14 hours of pumping to refill it Ivanhoe is used in 20% of the peak
periods reducing the peak price attained by power plants instantly in periods of
drought has been planned to actually take water from their waste sewage
plants I was recycled water from Brisbane would
be put into the Ivanhoe Dam toward meant the lack of rainfall and rube lakers map
stocks been blue Kirsten Anderson and Anna Nadal me at
the College of Engineering and computer sciences of the Australian National
University have been looking ATS potential sites for pumped hydro energy
storage in Australia and they have come up with these potential sites shown in
red a particular interest for this exercise
is to look at South Australia and we can see a chain of red dots here
and a few Southard laid and three up here in the APY lands with this part of
South Australian in fact the highest part is how to straighten out
wood roof is up that point they’ve released a spreadsheet of the data and
the files necessary to get the data display on Google Earth this is the
spreadsheet version for South Australia and up highlighted for all sites out of
the 185 sites which have been identified and the elevation of these dams is shown
along with the potential storage of energy in gigawatt hours so in one hour
this site has potential of releasing 13 gigawatts of energy if
is all releasing one hour if we compare this with juma three which has got a
height of 150 meters and can run at 1.8 gigawatt hours if this was used as
pumped hydro you wouldn’t be able to do this 24 hours a day you’d only be able
to use it in the peak periods which probably would run for a maximum of
three hours and you’d have the morning peak and the afternoon peaks so a 3-hour
peak would give you the maximum of 5.4 gigawatt hours if 2 months 3 was being
run as a pumped hydro 5.4 gigawatt hours compared with 13 gigawatt hours for this
site so that this site is potentially twice as big as tumour 3 so let’s look
at 1 2 2 1 which is actually nearly Creek this is the map of Australia and
here in Google Earth and this is the file which has been loaded into the
system and we want to go to reservoir 1 2 2 1 one two two one we can see that this reservoir potential
pumped hydro site is one of a cluster of a number of potential sites this one by
itself is twice as big as two not three in the snow mountains and this is Leigh
Creek which is nearby the next site we’re looking at is three nine seven one been on seven one three nine seven one which is south of
there late in the assilex Hill email compass three nine seven one with a storage of
11 that gigawatt hours is about twice as big as to mount three if it’s
functioning as a Pumped hydro the third one we’ll look at is reservoir
401 six 401 sixes up in the IP Royal ends that’s the Northern Territory border and
that’s the Western Australian border for i-16 is 30% bigger than Jim at 3:00
in the snow mountains and rows of all three five three Oh again this reservoir is among a cluster
of reservoirs which is just near Port Pirie I’ve set a screen of potentials
and three three five three Oh with a with a capacity of seven gigawatt hours
of energy again is about twenty percent bigger than two months three as I pumped
hydro side the water for these sites is not going drinkable water it’s not used
today’s place to store water it’s used as a resource to store energy so South
Australia has a number of excellent potential sites which are away from
national parks and away from residential settlement and are close to existing
power lines this shows Australia’s high pressure gas
transmission network and the sedimentary basins where the gas can be extracted so
this is South Australia the Moomba to adelaide gas pipeline into these
branches from coming out of the member field this is a more up-to-date map showing
the pipelines in Australia for the natural gas showing the sea gas
southeast Australia gas from just west of Melbourne to Adelaide and proposed
pipelines to get the gas from Bonaparte and the other gas fields in Darwin into
the east coast where there’s a shortage of gas for the generation of electricity
in the for industry Australia’s state national government and territory
governments have created the Australian energy market operator which performs an
array of gas and the Christian market operational development and planning
functions and manages the national energy market and also administers the
Victorian gas transmission network if we look at
the transmission lines can see that Victoria and New South Wales tends to
have the highest voltages five hundred thousand volts and three hundred
thousand volts while South Australia has a – 125 thousand volts
along with Queensland this line between Tasmania and Victoria is an under crew
under C high-voltage direct-current cable the rest of the system is using AC
as the method of transmission if we come down closer we see some other smaller
power lines and we see that between here there’s a straight line which actually
is another high-voltage direct current power line and in this case it’s under
the underground high-voltage this is the Murray link in the connector to get the
states to be able to share their gas and gas and electric energy the lit by
electricity we have these inter connectors between this make these state
systems this is highlighting then the Murray
link interconnector and a second interconnector so in case of South
Australia there’s a particular internet that means that we can in South
Australia access the Pumped hydro at – might 3 and snorey – which is a large pumped hydro scheme announced by the
national government this is the Haywood interconnector between South Australia
and Victoria down near Portland this is the town of Hayward and we see that
they’re proposing a second interconnector with Tasmania that’s
existing interconnector and this would be proposed one melty goose if we look at the power stations that
are in Australia at the moment this is showing us the number of power stations
which are in existence so it’s showing 20 20 26 power stations in and around
Adelaide and the rest of Australia and it’s then looking at density of
generation in terms of renewable energy is showing the
possibility of using we’re in this system I like looking at
Pumped hydro hydro but not pumped hydro terms of wind this is showing places where wind energy
would be and a great benefits this took this country legacy that South Australia
in green has large areas of wind energies as a source of renewable energy
the yellow is the good wind areas and the red of course is low wind skews
ability probably the wind is blowing too too strongly to be any use terms of
solar again South Australia has large areas of potential solar energy by 2030 a we can
see that the utilization of the mailing is projected to be as 90 or above
percent I always use all the time and that there be a second interconnector
which would have a utilization of about 50% and the Haywood interconnector would
be a higher utilization and that there be a second interconnector between
Tasmania and Victoria and the interconnectors here in Queensland New
South Wales will be at high levels to the box the batteries in behind the switching
station on the 28th September 2016
this is the result of a very large storm that blew across the wheat fields near
Melrose and see that the powerlines were destroyed when the towers collapsed this
is another view of the towers of Melrose an aerial view of the storm that caused
the destruction of the power pylons near Melrose
horn style homestead at street level from an
earlier time using Google Earth we can see the two sets of power lines running
through the property in the background if we now exit from the Street View wait and see the substation with the powerlines and
in the background the battery the so-called biggest battery in the world some of the lithium-ion cells inside the
largest battery in the world this newspaper article from December 2015
shows that horns Dale wind farm is actually used to supply energy to the
400,000 people who live in Canberra and it’s being sold at that price then of
$77 per megawatt-hour which is the lowest known contract price
foreign evils in Australia and the wind farm will have enough power
to supply Canberra 56,000 Canberra houses and provide 13% of Canberra
energy requirements for lectricity and by the year 2020 our friends at
Wikipedia provides of information about the horns Dahl wind farm which is
alongside they mount Locke substation on the power lines between Adelaide and
Port Augusta and the battery has enough capacity to store 129 megawatt hours of
energy and discharge at 100 megawatts into the power grid and it’s divided
into two parts the larger portion of this is contracted with the state
government of South Australia had 70 of the 100 megawatts running for up to 10
minutes to provide stability to the grid and prevent load shedding blackouts and
enabling their starting up of other generators when they have to stop for
some particular reason and this service has reduced the cost of grid services to
Australian energy market operator amo by 90% the other smaller portion 30
megawatts is contracted to run for up to three hours to provide this company neon
for load management so that when prices are low they can store energy in the
battery and when prices are high they can sell the energy or the success of
tomorrow competing now the veil from the wind as we’ve seen part of this contract is
with this government of the ICT which has a 50% ownership of the energy
provider in Canberra this is real-time data from the horn style power reserve
website showing price and usage at the horn style wind farm and the related
battery this is the price to being able to sell electricity at and this is
amount they’ve been selling if we hover it I on this point we see that horn style has been able to make
continual sales in the last two days had an average price of about $100 per
megawatt-hour and been occasions where spikes have
gone up to 300 megawatts the other function of the horn style is helping to
regulate the frequency of the alternating system which is a special
market that it can only be provided by batteries and other quick reacting
generating systems the F CAS is a frequency ancillary service frequency
control and serese– service and C there’s a low price and this is the high
price you can see that energy has been sold
all through the day so the wind windmills working all day but there are
periods when the amount of energy available is greater than the amount
required in which case the battery would would store it and so this is showing
when the amount of energy available for the winds is greater than is required
and so the image being stored in the battery and then this is when the amount
of energy bubble for winds is less than what’s needed and so the battery can
release energy so one style battery it’s quite a
sophisticated way of dealing with number of different markets which critical to
the functioning of energy in Australia ice in a similar battery at Mira lorna
in california which is also used to stabilize the alternating current power
supply system that trick system for regulation of the
alternating current service tray you

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