The big debate about the future of work, explained
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The big debate about the future of work, explained

August 14, 2019

A decade ago, robots still seemed pretty limited. Now, not so much. And computers don’t just win chess any more,
they can win Jeopardy. “Watson.” “What is the of the Elegance of the Hedgehog?” They can win Go. “There are about 200 possible moves for
the average position in Go.” This is all happening really fast. And it’s causing some to forecast a future
where humans can’t find work. “There will be fewer and fewer jobs that
a robot cannot do better.” “And what are the people gonna do?” “That’s the $64,000 question.” I believe this is going to be one of the biggest
challenges we face in the coming decades. “People who are not just unemployed. They are unemployable.” But if you ask economists, they tend to have
a pretty different view from the futurists and Silicon Valley types. Do you worry that new technologies could cause
mass unemployment? Yes. No. I have devoted my career to worrying about
the labor market, particularly worrying about the living standards of low and moderate income
workers. So I worry a lot about things. I am not worried about this. One of the reasons a lot of economists are
skeptical about robots taking all the jobs is that we’ve heard that before. There was a spike of automation anxiety in
the late 20s, early 1930s when machines were starting to take over jobs on farms and
also in factories. This article from 1928 points out that there
used to be guards who opened and closed the doors on new york subway trains, and people
who took tickets before there were turnstiles. And I just love this quote: It says “building
materials are mixed like dough in a machine and literally poured into place without the
touch of a human hand.” Automation anxiety surged again in the late
1950s, early 1960s. President Kennedy ranks automation first as
job challenge. “Computers and automation threaten to create
vast unemployment and social unrest” “What should I do Mr. Whipple?” “Stop him!” This article from 1958 is about 17,000 longshoremen
who were protesting automation on the piers. And if you don’t know what longshoremen are,
that’s because there aren’t many of them left. Technology destroyed a lot of those jobs. And yet, we didn’t run out of work. This chart shows the percentage of prime-age
people with jobs in the US. Ever since women joined the workforce in big
numbers, it’s stayed around 80%, outside of recessions. During this period, technology displaced some
8 million farmers in the US, 7 million factory workers, over a million railroad workers,
hundreds of thousands of telephone  operators, we’ve lost gas-pumpers, elevator attendants,
travel agents. Tons of jobs have died but work persists. What you realize when you look through those
old reports is that it’s really easy for us to see the jobs being replaced by machines. It’s a bit harder to visualize the jobs
that come from what happens next. New technology creates jobs in a few ways. There are the direct jobs for people who design
and maintain the technology, and sometimes whole new industries built on the technology. But the part we tend to forget is the indirect
effect of labor-saving inventions. When companies can do more with less, they
can expand, maybe add new products or open new locations, and they can lower prices to
compete. And that means consumers can buy more of their
product, or if we don’t want any more of it, we can use the savings to buy other things. Maybe we go to more sports events or out to
dinner more often. Maybe we get more haircuts or add more day-care
for the kids. This process is how our standard of living
has improved over time and it’s always required workers. The key economic logic here is automation
does indeed displace workers who are doing work that got automated, but it doesn’t actually
affect the total number of jobs in the economy because of these offsetting effects. Warnings about the “end of work” tend
to focus on this part and not all of this — like a widely cited study from 2013,
“According to research conducted by Oxford University, nearly half of all current jobs
in America –” “47 percent of all our jobs–” “47 percent of US jobs in the
next decade or two, according to researchers at Oxford, will be replaced by robots.” That study assessed the capabilities of automation
technology. It didn’t attempt to estimate the actual
“extent or pace” of automation or the overall effect on employment. Now, all this doesn’t mean that the new
jobs will show up right away or that they’ll be located in the same place or pay the same
wage as the ones that were lost. All it means is that the overall need for
human work hasn’t gone away. Technologists and futurists don’t deny that’s
been true historically, but they question whether history is a good guide of what’s
to come. Fundamentally the argument is that this time
it’s different. That’s what I think. Imagine a form of electricity that could automate
all the routine work. I mean, that’s basically what we are talking
about here. And so It’s going to be across the board. And it is easy to underestimate technology
these days. In a 2004 book, two economists  assessed
the future of automation and concluded that tasks like driving in traffic would be “enormously
difficult” to teach to a computer. That same year, a review of 50 years of research
concluded that “human level speech recognition has proved to be an elusive goal.” And now? “Ok Google. How many miles has google’s autonomous vehicle
driven?” “According to Recode, that’s because the
company announced its self-driving car project, which was created in 2009, has racked up over
two million miles of driving experience.” This is the textbook chart of advancement
in computer hardware — it’s the number of transistors that engineers have squeezed
onto a computer chip over time. Already pretty impressive, but notice that
this isn’t a typical scale: these numbers are increasing exponentially. On a typical linear scale it would look more
like this. It really is hard to imagine this not being
massively disruptive. And as the authors of The Second Machine Age
point out, processors aren’t the only dimension of computing that has seen exponential improvement. The idea of acceleration in your daily life when do you encounter that? Maybe in a car for a few seconds? In an airplane for seconds again? The idea that something can accelerate for
decades literally just continuously is just not something that we deal with. I mean, we think in straight lines. But even though there’s been all this innovation,
it’s not showing up in the data. If we were seeing this big increase in automation
we would see productivity growing much more rapidly now than it usually does, and we are
instead seeing the opposite. Labor productivity is a measure of the goods
and services we produce divided by the hours that we work. Over time it goes up – we do more with less
labor. We’re more efficient. If we were starting to see a ton of labor-saving
innovation you’d expect this line to get steeper, but when you look at productivity
growth, you can see that it has been slowing down since the early 2000s, and not just for
the US. It’s possible that new technologies are
changing our lives without fundamentally changing the economy. So will this all change? Will today’s robots and AI cause mass unemployment? There’s reason to be skeptical, but nobody
really knows. But one thing we do know is that the wealth
that technology creates, it isn’t necessarily shared with workers. When you account for inflation, the income
of most families has stayed pretty flat as the economy has grown. One of the problems we’ve seen over the last
40 years is that we have seen all of this rising productivity growth but actually hasn’t
been broadly shared, it’s been captured by a thin slice of people at the top of the income
distribution. Even if unemployment stays low, automation
might worsen economic inequality, which is already more extreme in the US than it is
in most other advanced countries. But technology isn’t destiny. Governments decide how a society weathers
disruptions, and that worries people on both sides of the debate about the future of work. We’ve adopted policies that instead of really
trying to counteract the trend caused by technology and globalization and other things, we’ve
in many cases exacerbated them. We’ve put a wind in the back of them and
made them more extreme. And that’s a big problem. We will probably always be fascinated by the
prospect of robots taking our jobs. But if we  focus on things we can’t really
control, we risk neglecting the things we can.


  • Reply burnt f1ames April 10, 2019 at 3:54 am

    marx would like this

  • Reply Adam Geringer April 11, 2019 at 2:21 am

    The jobs that are lost are always the middle class pay-your-mortgage jobs and the new jobs are struggle-to-pay-rent jobs.

  • Reply MultiMrdare April 11, 2019 at 3:01 pm

    These damn robots coming over here taking our jobs

  • Reply A person on the internet April 11, 2019 at 4:53 pm

    And then I get an ad about robotics…

  • Reply iamjohnporter67 April 12, 2019 at 4:26 am

    This is really scary going into the 2020s because the robots are starting to become more noticeable. I've seen then being used at Amazon and in Car Factories. So then what is going to happen to humans looking for jobs. Like how will we look for them in the future if Robots replace us?

  • Reply wolf rain88 April 12, 2019 at 12:23 pm

    the reason this time is different is artificial intelligence can and will replace humans on a far faster scale than before and lets not forget that artificial intelligence has the potential to do a variety of things same as humans like moving A to B and c to d and e to f over the next 20 years it is obvious artificial intelligence programs could even build a factory where humans are mostly not needed what we will do when all the new opportunities are taken because the artificial intelligence program can take all the sum of human knowledge and build a factory that can make your new product run with almost nothing but robots you still have to build it which will likely take a few human helping you but to run it will take very little that means work is hitting its end sooner rather than later it may take 30 years for it all to happen but i have no doubt it's going to happen

  • Reply Ezra Evans April 12, 2019 at 8:10 pm

    basically, you better be happy working for amazon or in a call centre.

  • Reply potato psoas April 13, 2019 at 12:36 am

    Until robots can do literally everything humans can do then we have nothing to worry about. But once they become human then they will takeover.

  • Reply nicholas dean April 13, 2019 at 9:55 am

    There is still elevator people in really nice places 2:50

  • Reply Imed Khochtali April 14, 2019 at 6:26 am

    I'll place my bet along side elon's

  • Reply Mess With Lumbago? House On Fuego April 15, 2019 at 8:05 pm

    What about the people who make these robots.

  • Reply CPT Fields April 16, 2019 at 6:27 pm

    Machines raise the lowest common denominator for what a person needs to get a job. It forces people to become better. And why become better when you can rage against the machine?

  • Reply KWANGJIN CHAI April 17, 2019 at 7:38 am

    History till now you are talking about robots which cannot perform most of human jobs.The robots of the future are ones which are more inteligent than humans and can do most human physical acts better.Think harder. This time it might not be history repeating itselfDid history repeat itself when the Europeons arrived for the Aborigins or Native Americans in Dominica?

  • Reply Monty Datta April 18, 2019 at 3:14 am

    This is why we need Andrew Yang. YANG 2020

  • Reply Andrew Laurent April 18, 2019 at 6:32 pm

    What you've failed to understand is that the reason progressive social economic policies became so vital was because of automation; it caused the Great Depression. You can say that the government didn't initially react well to the economic depression and that they initially made it worse, but it's beyond clear historically that displaced farm worker flooding cities devalued the price of labor so badly that it broke the economy; automation was the primary cause for the needed socialist federal reforms. This has been true ever since. The people concerned about automation, who see the growing exponential capacity of technology to displace job, are just saying that the current left-wing policies don't go far enough. I also don't deny that new jobs are created and some prices deflate as we find more efficient ways to do other things, and I'm not saying that automation should be discouraged, I'd just like to address that a big chunk of the savings from automation goes to the innovators who often hoard the money. Automation accelerates income inequality in this way and is the reason we need redistribution. Income inequality then goes on to contribute to price inflation, as companies find their optimal price point higher as they chase the larger spenders in some markets. I'm surprised these economists act like decreased costs reduce prices when prices are independent of costs. The first to automate in a market gets to reap all the rewards until competition comes in to drive down the price… if it comes at all… some forms of automation can be patented and if that happens in a vital market with inelastic demand then the price can drastically inflate instead of deflate. Automation naturally produces oligarchies and we're obviously not doing enough to protect about price fixing or price gouging of necessities like healthcare. There are countless examples of how automation causes the need for progressive policy. It's no wonder that Democrats can't get voters to understand the need for their policies when they don't understand it themselves. We need to treat the root cause of the problem that creates the need these policies, instead of just reacting to the economy as it fluctuates.

  • Reply jamal robinson April 19, 2019 at 2:10 am

    Scientist stop now why are you doing this haven't you seen Terminator The Matrix for every movie about robots please stop

  • Reply Ava Bay April 20, 2019 at 5:01 am

    The economist in the video is stuck in Newton's law thereby offering a flawed assessment. To understand the science of productivity, watch Jeremy Rifkin's lecture
    A must if you want to really understand where we are heading.

  • Reply Evan Jennings April 20, 2019 at 4:29 pm

    rhetoric is garbage.
    start adding math to these presentations so you can see the actual effect historically of net loss or gain on gross number of jobs.
    You won't be surprised to find there has been a net loss of jobs.
    Oh and due consider:
    Unemployed plus
    "Hardcore Unemployed" & "Under employed"
    When looking for the missing numbers.

  • Reply Casius CBU April 23, 2019 at 1:14 pm

    maybe conduct debate under unique circumstances will produce better result? few years in biodome/ underwater cities stuff like that.

  • Reply Eric crow April 23, 2019 at 3:16 pm

    Stop supporting China. Stop buying at Walmart!

  • Reply musikSkool April 24, 2019 at 1:43 am

    Someday someone will automate the job of finding and automating other jobs.

  • Reply musikSkool April 24, 2019 at 1:44 am

    "I Robot 2" anybody?

  • Reply Charles Adair April 25, 2019 at 5:15 am

    5:37 My Google home was listening!!

  • Reply MdK April 25, 2019 at 8:35 am

    Once we have reached the singularity, we will become obsolete.

  • Reply Alexander Hagen April 25, 2019 at 4:49 pm

    That activated my Google home.

  • Reply Brandon April 25, 2019 at 11:19 pm

    easy: socialism

  • Reply Rob Fowler April 26, 2019 at 11:57 am

    There is absolutely no doubt that a solution will be worked out. A vibrant manufacturing sector can not be sustained without a consumer public with a fat disposable income. You put most people out of work and watch what happens to your manufacturing sector WITH NO CUSTOMERS!!!! Tell Sony they can build all the robot they want BUT they will only be able to sell 5% as many TVs as they used to.

  • Reply eric naikaku April 28, 2019 at 9:27 am

    We are basically being turned into batteries for robots. The matrix was right all along.

  • Reply Gerard Miller May 3, 2019 at 1:18 pm

    Okay, but I come from a family of farmers and longshoremen and other workers from MD who took great pride in their work. And it's not just that these jobs leave, it's that almost no jobs return to those areas to replace the ones that get killed. So areas become more economically depressed, which always affects people varyingly along racial/gender lines. This is why it's deceptive to listen to economists, because they look at things in such an idealist macro level, their assessments often fail to account for the lived experiences of real people.

  • Reply Serenity Feueropal May 5, 2019 at 4:55 am

    So, what you're saying is: those fears were unfounded back then, but are no longer?

  • Reply Huiwen Zhen May 9, 2019 at 3:21 am

    When she said "Okay Google", it triggered Google on my phone

  • Reply Phenian Oliver May 9, 2019 at 2:55 pm

    Easy solution to me. Seems like if we fix the tax code the wealth generated by these machines could be distributed to give people universal living standards. It would end homelessness and reduce inequality.

  • Reply TRULY HOSTAGE2EVIL May 9, 2019 at 4:15 pm


  • Reply TRULY HOSTAGE2EVIL May 9, 2019 at 4:17 pm


  • Reply Florida Keys Wooden Boat Fishing May 9, 2019 at 6:24 pm

    Every economist who is saying "no worries" is missing the fact that this round is not just automation, it's automation run by AI. Human workers will be replaced by AI at a DRAMTICALLY higher rate than in the past. Yang2020

  • Reply Jajel22 May 10, 2019 at 2:00 am

    love this presenter

  • Reply the modfather May 10, 2019 at 7:55 am

    Blah blah blah, society is destroyed by capitalism.

  • Reply FlexFibre Bandwidth on Demand May 10, 2019 at 9:15 pm

    One thing that is hard to address in this debate is the truth that it is not 'the whole job' that will disappear due to automation, but rather aspects of it. So if you are a radiographer or a junior lawyer, both essentially examining data to form a conclusion on your current patient/client, then AI and Machine Learning could quite easily remove this from your job spec. We did a short video on 'How connectivity will define the future of work,' and one of the quotes in it is that 800 million jobs could be lost by 2030 – though more might be created, these will be low paid, manually-dextrous tasks which require initiative and empathy: such as caring in an ageing world. It's this joint specification that is hard to automate.

  • Reply BlackWater 49 May 11, 2019 at 11:18 am

    I think the last state of work in our society will be that there will be nearly only Programmers and people that studied Informatics with different field like e.g. Informatics subject field human medicine (who will work for example on programming medical and surgeon roboters) because an AI or a roboter in general is just much more precise than any human can ever be, they have no diseases that they could accidently infect a patient with, they are never overworked, never got too little sleep last night, have no problems or tragedies in their family and are always up-to date on the latest medical discoveries, procedures and treatments which a human doctor can never be because s-/he would need to spend most of their day reading medical papers and wouldn't have enough time to actually treat any patients.

    All nearly other tasks will be done by robots like driving taxis and public transportation, growing, harvesting, processing and selling crops, mining and processing resources, manufacturing goods and so on. Of cause there will be still jobs done by humans especially because there are more humans to do them like being Judge and the before mentioned Programmers, Coders and stuff like that. Humans will be able to focus on what they want and love to do and because there are only few tasks that still need to be done by humans and an overwhelming number of humans that can do it we will have very short working days so that we might only need to work for two or three hours a day.
    You can actually see signs of that in the past. Before the industrial revolution people had to work like 16 hours a day if not more than the industrial revolution came along and yes, in that case it god worse for most people at first but it god better again and when computers came around this "getting much worse at first" didn't happen and today most of the workers in first world nations only have to work for around eight hours a day and some companies are even testing five-hour-days and getting good results.

    Conclusion: Of cause like with every change we need to act wise and with good conscience, be cautious and shouldn't blindly do everything just because we can but there's no need for fearmongering either.

  • Reply DANDGHOME1984 Us May 12, 2019 at 6:38 pm

    Thanks for the "Ok google", I couldn't hear the video because of it.

  • Reply Paul A May 13, 2019 at 9:40 am

    The numberof people who are arguing against points this video doesn't even bring up in the comments is outstanding.

  • Reply Jesse Thiessen May 14, 2019 at 8:05 pm

    Problem is that the Jobs lost are the low skill labour jobs Like the Longshoreman back in the day you had 5 employees now you have one guy with a machine

  • Reply OmarRPG May 15, 2019 at 2:10 pm

    The progression and integration of technology is inevitable so we shouldn't fight it. We should embrace it

  • Reply Julia Mendes May 16, 2019 at 6:42 pm

    Amazing viewpoint. You should definitely include it in next Netflix' "explained"

  • Reply carlos coldman May 19, 2019 at 10:39 pm

    Mêêêêêê 🐑🐑🐑🐑🐑🐑

  • Reply melt_y May 24, 2019 at 3:24 pm

    this is literally every socialist’s wet dream

  • Reply Aa E1 May 24, 2019 at 8:47 pm

    Humans need to adapt and change

  • Reply Doña Bárbara May 25, 2019 at 2:34 pm

    Wake up

  • Reply 1234abcd12344 May 25, 2019 at 2:56 pm

    Yang do your Thang! these diots think we're dumb, YOU WILL LOSS YOUR JOBS espacially BS jobs in the business industries! AND SOON THE MARKET FOR SOFTWARE ENGINEERS WILL BECOME EVEN MORE COMPETITIVE WITH OUTSOURCING WORK TO INDIA AND CHINA FOR CHEAP, so either hustle well or be very smart and qualified in the STEM field.

  • Reply J T May 27, 2019 at 6:32 pm

    I've never met a business owner that figured out how to do something for less just to be able to quickly be able to do something else. Although, it could be argued that business owners should embrace risk; the majority of them (especially small business owners)) are risk averse and will simply try to find ways to stay afloat and corner their specific market. This might be because of competition; but it also might simply be because of their own insecurity in their future income and their need to see it stabilize over a mid to long term before diversifying into other industries. Oddly enough, refusing to grow and diversify is frequently a self defeating strategy that rewards those that have no compelling or obsessive investment in their endeavors, but instead approach it from a more game oriented angle. Frequently, it is only the rich that can afford to behave in this manner.

  • Reply Samantha Brown May 31, 2019 at 6:05 pm

    These jobs want to pay less than a living wage work you 60 hours a week 😑 getting up at 5:30am and getting home at 6:30pm …….it's ridiculous

  • Reply blah blah May 31, 2019 at 7:51 pm

    "When companies can do more with less they can expand." Except they DON'T! LEAN says do the opposite and every board members in the universe LOVES to hear that. In the software development field, today, more positions have combined multiple positions together in one job description for less pay. I call BULLSHIT. Where are the savings going? Simple. Lining greedy investor pockets.

  • Reply Cassie Stoddard June 2, 2019 at 8:31 am

    U can always turn the robot off?

  • Reply Alex Jonson June 3, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    When all jobs are gone, there will be no people to buy the products people make. Simple as that.

  • Reply thesupergreenjudy June 5, 2019 at 11:14 pm

    businesses will be in for a surprise when nobody can afford their products because they sacked everyone…not everyone is cut out for college or highly skilled jobs even if they had the money to receive this education

  • Reply Seth Horras June 9, 2019 at 2:44 am

    She's hot

  • Reply John Griffin June 10, 2019 at 1:52 am

    Perhaps someone can help me better understand how productivity is measured. The economist Heidi Shierholz said, "If we were seeing this big increase in automation, we would see productivity growing much more rapidly now than it usually does, and we are instead seeing the opposite." The video then goes on to define labor productivity as the output of goods and services per hour of labor. If output is measured in terms of dollars, what happens if automation doubles the amount of goods and services while cutting the cost in half? The dollar value of that output stays constant and therefore productivity does not increase even though physical output has doubled. Please help me understand what I am missing.

  • Reply Albert Zhang June 10, 2019 at 3:35 am

    "You're naive! this time it's different! the past doesn't predict the future! Your 100 years of data including 2000-2019 (the "start" of "exponential automation") is short sighted!"

    – Youtube commentators responding to the opinion of literally a professor in labor economics.

  • Reply Roflchan Lollord June 11, 2019 at 2:32 pm

    Work retail – Amazon Destroyed you
    work Truck driving – Self driving Vehicles
    Work in Manufacturing – 3d printers
    prostitution – Sex robots
    Work Fast food – Automated Cashier and cooking machines.

  • Reply Blah Blah June 11, 2019 at 5:55 pm

    They dont even want to pay taxes what makes you think theyll want to share the wealth? We have to be very careful being overly optimistic when a few hundred people may end up owning everything on earth. Dont be naive, some of the most ruthless among us are the wealthy, be prepared to fight for your existence and autonomy.

  • Reply Eric Hazen June 18, 2019 at 12:35 am

    This time is different, that says it best.

  • Reply Jacob Throwaway June 18, 2019 at 1:13 am

    The problem isnt employment, its high paying jobs that there need to be more of

  • Reply So sehe ich euch (Kanalinfo) June 22, 2019 at 4:09 pm

    Robots will be needed in killing psychiatrists for poisoning and murdering, hunting and chasing those protesting war, terror, cruelty and injustice and planned murder of critics.

  • Reply Skinnymarks June 23, 2019 at 5:38 pm

    I'm not so worried about there being no jobs. I'm worried about the transition and the economic trauma being without a pay check durring the transition to a new job. Assuming they can transition smoothly.

  • Reply Donavan LoForte June 28, 2019 at 6:20 pm

    bad presentation. Shore runners

  • Reply Grimchain June 30, 2019 at 2:46 am

    So like, Detroit become human. We're worried about out word becoming Detroit become human.

  • Reply Grant Wong July 1, 2019 at 5:39 pm

    So the hypothetical jobs of the future that only humans are suited to do may not have a demand from society and that's something to worry about.

  • Reply Rockems July 5, 2019 at 10:56 pm

    All those old pictures… You at vox present ridiculous ideas. Not my generation! We gonna leave you behind.

  • Reply Rockems July 5, 2019 at 10:58 pm


  • Reply Rockems July 5, 2019 at 11:00 pm

    Economic standards obviously don't apply.

  • Reply David Canelas July 8, 2019 at 1:48 am

    That labor productivity graph is a lie. We know this because robot labor represents PURE productivity with the least amount of input.

  • Reply J G P July 13, 2019 at 3:02 pm

    sweet lord jesus is she beautiful. its almost distracting

  • Reply albert yarbrough July 13, 2019 at 7:25 pm

    Are you comparing automation of 1958 to today? longshoreman is one position in a industry, but this are 20 to 30 areas or employment. You are saying what large business would do to allow an people to provide jobs. are they doing these things now to provide help for the those without jobs?

  • Reply albert yarbrough July 13, 2019 at 7:29 pm

    Buy more with what funds is there very little jobs available is automation grows. Theory!

  • Reply Snowman July 18, 2019 at 2:44 am

    You folks can debate this topic all you want. Meanwhile, I'm here watching it again to celebrate the absolutely epic motion graphics and editing in these videos. Absolutely gorgeous and deceptively simple.

  • Reply David Heller July 22, 2019 at 4:31 am

    It will go like this we are entering the age of cognitive automation. Robots will replace tasks then eventually the jobs. So an accountant has 5 tasks you can automate 3 and the other 2 are left to the human until the company wants to automate the job. Other factors are are companies wanted to automate all of the job or just tasks. I think eventually the jobs will be automated because it saves the company money, robots are faster, and more efficient. The way it will work and why UBI or federally guaranteed job is needed is because the lowly skilled employed their job will be automated while the higher end keep their job.

  • Reply David Heller July 22, 2019 at 4:34 am

    So you hear Walmart say they are automating but keeping their employees but will that be forever I doubt it when the time comes when the robots can do the entire job the humans will be unemployed.

  • Reply Ghost Nomad Music July 23, 2019 at 2:18 pm

    "Oh no, I'll have less work and more free time!" – said no one ever.

  • Reply Brian M July 23, 2019 at 8:28 pm

    I saw that Kurzegat clip

  • Reply kittensofdeath July 24, 2019 at 4:12 am

    UBI is the future = I'm too lazy to work

  • Reply varun009 July 25, 2019 at 4:53 am


  • Reply Yeet Esketit July 28, 2019 at 3:28 am

    lol when this person said "hey google how many miles has google's autonomous car driven" my google home also activated and answered that question

  • Reply LetItAllBurn July 29, 2019 at 4:24 am

    For those of you who hinge your entire identity on what you do for a living, you're in for a rude awakening. It'll be interesting to see how many of you fleshbags off yourselves when AI knocks you off your high horse.

  • Reply Pavan Krishna July 31, 2019 at 9:25 am

    Hmm… Interesting

  • Reply Relatable Stuff July 31, 2019 at 10:32 am

    I could just buy a robot to work for me

  • Reply lily's channel August 1, 2019 at 3:23 am

    robots can't assemble new robots (of one "species") unless programmed .. by humans which would leave really limited job for humans😅

  • Reply Homelessdudeinapeacoat August 1, 2019 at 8:56 am

    5:37 WARNING She'll set off your google talking box!

  • Reply Specter Makoto August 4, 2019 at 2:56 am

    don't ask economists they do not understand the workings of artificial intelligence especially deep learning algorithms they do not understand what it is capable of

  • Reply Yashashwy Padhi August 5, 2019 at 3:00 pm

    Only the Indian Panwadis will never go unemployed

  • Reply CSR2 maybe Ultimate August 6, 2019 at 12:20 am

    Destroy all robots

  • Reply CSR2 maybe Ultimate August 6, 2019 at 12:24 am

    A robot was mean to me

  • Reply Oqhlis August 7, 2019 at 11:53 am

    I mean, fokin UBI & utopia 🎭🎨🧬💕🚀

  • Reply Jae duk Seo August 7, 2019 at 1:05 pm

    but this time we have GPU

  • Reply AstronomyToday August 7, 2019 at 7:33 pm

    4:26 47% wasn't enough for Fox "news" so they stepped it up to 50%

  • Reply Ignacio Ureta August 8, 2019 at 4:26 am

    Yeah, new jobs are being created, but what about the difficulty of them?

  • Reply Alexandru Popescu August 8, 2019 at 11:05 pm

    The idea of working to survive is primitive and beneath human dignity. You should only work if and only if the work that you do offers you a deep sense of satisfaction. Technology makes human labor obsolete. But before it does, it will make decent work obsolete.

  • Reply Dmitry August 11, 2019 at 3:25 pm

    5:42 LOL my Google Home Display answered the question too

  • Reply Louis-Alexandre Simard August 11, 2019 at 7:56 pm

    No but it creates a big gap. Small number of jobs in high specialised skills and a ton of service jobs

  • Reply Jon Pileot August 12, 2019 at 6:48 am

    At 40 seconds, its a Royal Institute video but I don't see it cited, what is the source please?

  • Reply Randomly Interesting August 12, 2019 at 10:09 pm

    just vote yang bois

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