Browsing Tag: was

    Narrowboat Potteries vlogs or blogs? – Llangollen Canal, late Summer cruise.
    Articles, Blog

    Narrowboat Potteries vlogs or blogs? – Llangollen Canal, late Summer cruise.

    January 19, 2020

    we pick up this video happy smiley faces
    today Wrenbury is behind us it’s behind most people to be honest so Tom’s just
    going to lift the lift bridge and then we’re going to have a leisurely
    incident free cruise back to Swanley Bridge Oh wouldn’t t hat be nice. in the previous video when I had a rant at Wrenbury that’s a good title for a film
    it was really unfortunate because in the front of the boat that was that we were
    ranting at was a guy that I really wanted to speak to is a guy that we
    we’ve met in one of our previous videos when he was in a mood every time yhe sees this man he is in a mood Hardings wood. I was shouting then. and he said do you remember me
    so yeah yeah it’s a look like a wolf to show you um you know we did recovery
    barbers I was too busy shaft you know us oh shit I spend a lot of my time
    apologizing for him I do you know everybody was as honest
    and straightforward as may the world be able to end like so yes that is
    he was lovely we met that guy
    but just just before I don’t know he stopped cut the pussy
    we’ve got no engine on it to decide who’s got was it an item yeah
    hate what kind of to say it was such a lovely man
    scared the hell out you go this could be both literally just came out Noah
    I know there he stopped I don’t know you got a thought but I think it’s a modesty
    I keep barely moving so much yeah oh wow yeah what else yeah we was
    worried his dog was going to board our boat because it was on the river me were
    lacking budget job or informatics such acute darlings I
    want a detective but who wouldn’t love to playmate
    it’s all operas on the lot going laughing foot enough yeah at bitch are
    you stop oh no it’s pedestrian oh now there’s about
    battle a lot number one Tom’s got off I just offer winds getting off of it which is always our enemy very deceptive when the sunshine Ethel’s the hoppy I’m in trouble whoa oh shut up you made a right dogs dinner a lot more
    I try to hop it down there about nine feet
    we’re just working from here but it was really windy trying to stay it out go not one of my finest moments they’ve had a lot to number one
    a deluxe number to come to just go off I bet that make as much of the vorlix of
    witches at the Valastro it is quite breezy but
    I’ve got cheese on both sides so quite shelter
    I’m not sure if we’ll be going into the marina
    in the night stay the night like a decision where we got that not easier
    Oh pop Leibel option number two
    within it okay well toss up it’s really really breezy but just love grace we’re just coming up to babbler locks so thank you for coming along with us we’ll see you next time so try
    well let’s let’s let’s take the camera off its bottom now yeah so say hello to you want fun when you
    grandmother she watches these videos Ethel says you’ll see his next time

    Why Roller Coaster Track is Filled with Sand
    Articles, Blog

    Why Roller Coaster Track is Filled with Sand

    January 17, 2020

    For the past century, theme parks all over
    the world have been battling one another to construct taller, faster, and more exhilarating
    thrill machines in order to outshine the competition and attract the largest crowds. Driving this battle forward are the engineers
    and roller coaster designers who have developed innovative ways to build these towering structures
    so that they are both safe and reliable. Over the years, each roller coaster design
    company has established their own signature design style with recognizable characteristics
    that set their coasters apart from the rest. A few examples include the I-beam design of
    Rocky Mountain Construction, or RMC, which consists of a continuous steel I-section with
    integrated rails; The truss design of Intamin, which consists
    of small steel tubes that are welded together to form a 3-dimensional truss;
    And the box beam design of Bolliger and Mabillard, or B&M, which consists of a continuous steel
    box section that supports two rails using fin plates. Although the various design styles are quite
    unique, they all accomplish the same task of supporting high-speed roller coaster trains
    as they hurtle through the air. If you have ever been to a major theme park,
    you may have noticed that in addition to having a unique visual appearance, each track design
    also produces a distinct sound as the trains speed over them. The sound produced by a given roller coaster
    is directly related to the design of the track, and of all the various track styles, the box
    beam design produces one of the loudest and most recognizable sounds. The box beam track design developed by B&M
    has a continuous steel spine that is formed by a hollow rectangular cross-section. Steel fin plates are welded to the top of
    the spine at regular intervals, and these fin plates support the two rails which are
    made from circular steel tubes. When trains travel along the rails at high
    speeds, vibrations are induced in the track which propagate throughout the entire cross-section. These vibrations generate sound that we can
    hear, and the large hollow box beams actually amplify the sound due to their size and geometry. Although the roar of a B&M roller coaster
    is iconic and downright intimidating, the noise can be a problem in certain situations,
    particularly when theme parks are located adjacent to residential areas. A prime example of this is Canada’s Wonderland,
    which is a theme park located in Ontario, Canada. The park first opened in the early 1980’s,
    and at that time it was surrounded only by farm land. However, that farm land was gradually overtaken
    by urban sprawl as the nearby city expanded, and a large residential area was eventually
    constructed adjacent to the park. Now perhaps you shouldn’t move into a house
    located across the street from a theme park if you don’t like the sound of roller coasters,
    but a lot people may have overlooked this issue at the time. In 2006, Canada’s Wonderland was purchased
    by the Cedar Fair Entertainment Company, which invested millions of dollars into the park
    to build numerous world-class thrill rides. The biggest of them all came 2012, when Canada’s
    Wonderland introduced Leviathan; The tallest roller coaster that B&M had ever built to
    date, standing at 93 m tall and reaching speeds of nearly 150 km/hr. The giga coaster was constructed right at
    the front of the park, and it extended out into the parking lot just a few hundred meters
    away from the neighboring residential area. And was this coaster ever loud. Every time a train dived down the first drop,
    the sound could clearly be heard by the residents across the street, and this obviously led
    to numerous noise complaints. The park hired an acoustical consultant to
    perform an assessment of the sound produced by the ride, and it was determined that something
    had to be done to quiet down the Leviathan. In the end, it was decided that the best way
    to reduce the noise produced by the roller coaster would be to fill the track with sand. Since the first drop was the primary culprit
    of the noise problem, attention was focused only on this part of the ride. It was not possible to fill the rails with
    sand because this would require the rails to be cut open and welded closed, which would
    be detrimental to the smoothness of the ride, however they could cut open and fill the box
    beams. Once engineers determined that the structure
    and its foundations could support the additional weight, the park moved forward with their
    plan. First, a hole was cut into each box beam section
    of the first drop by workers on a large boom lift. Sand was then blown into each section using
    an aggregate blower, which used compressed air to deliver the sand to the required height
    through a long tube. Since each section of track is sealed at both
    ends where the individual pieces are bolted together, sand had to be blown into each track
    section individually rather than filling the entire box beam at once. After the entire drop was filled, the holes
    in the box beams were welded shut and the work was complete. This method of noise reduction was successful,
    and the noise produced by the roller coaster was greatly reduced. The sand inside the track works by damping
    the vibration of the steel which reduces the amplitude of the resulting sound waves. As the steel walls of the box beam vibrate
    against the sand, the walls push against the sand and move the individual particles, which
    transfers energy away from the steel. This loss of energy translates to a reduction
    in the amplitude of the vibrations, and the volume of the sound is therefore reduced. The same technique has been used for a number
    of other roller coasters as well, including Gatekeeper at Cedar Point in Ohio, and Yukon
    Striker at Canada’s Wonderland. However, for these two coasters, it was known
    in advance that noise could be a potential problem, and so the rails were filled with
    sand during track fabrication before the roller coasters were erected. It’s likely that the engineers decided to
    fill the rails and not the box beams in these two cases because a smaller volume of sand
    is required, and it would have been very difficult to transport and install the track pieces
    if they were completely filled with sand due to the huge increase in weight. Even though less sand is used, filling the
    rails alone is still an effective method for reducing the level of sound produced by a
    roller coaster. Filling roller coaster track with sand has
    been shown to be a good solution to the noisy roller coaster problem, and it can be used
    for both new roller coasters as well as existing roller coasters. It is a clever yet simple technique, and perhaps
    we will see it implemented more frequently in the future. Hey everyone, thank you for watching this
    video, I really hope you enjoyed it. Don’t forget to subscribe if you would like
    to see more videos from this channel, and please consider supporting me on Patreon using
    the link in the description so I can continue to improve my content and grow the channel. I also invite you to leave suggestions in
    the comments below for topics that you want to see in future videos. Again, thanks for watching, and I’ll see
    you in the next one.

    The Last Spike – Canadian History #2
    Articles, Blog

    The Last Spike – Canadian History #2

    January 17, 2020

    This is an iconic picture of the
    Canadian Pacific Railway director Donald Smith hitting the last spike. It united the
    east and west parts of Canada and in many ways created the nation we know
    today. The funny thing is, this is actually the second spike He totally
    missed the first one and so they had to retake the picture because he messed it up
    so badly the first time. Old white guys, am i right!? Nothing is real. The world is
    a lie. Welcome to more Canadian history! Today we’re going to be talking about
    the last spike. So Pierre, “wood” you like to get started? … Oh yeah, that’s right. I
    forgot beavers are impervious to puns. I became fascinated by the railway and its
    history in Canada back in junior high. I was shown this miniseries by my teacher
    called The National Dream. It was hosted by Pierre Berton, no relation to you, and
    he was a Canadian historian that went into great depth about why the railway
    was so important. If you can somehow track this down I would highly recommend
    it. Yes it was made in the 70s so the production value isn’t as high as you’d
    be able to see today, but it’s a great exploration about how crazy it was to
    think that we could actually tie together this sparsely populated nation. And it showcases some of the wonderfully weird characters in our history. So the
    person who spearheaded this crazy railroad idea in the first place was our
    very first Prime Minister, Sir John A. MacDonald. He’s the guy that’s on the $10
    bill! He understood just how fragile our unity
    actually was, and whether it was showboating or not, he really didn’t want the United
    States to lay claim to all of North America. There seems to be a bit of a
    disagreement between historians about how big of a threat
    it actually was, but MacDonald really wanted that railway to reach British
    Columbia before the Americans got a railway there, to protect British
    Columbia within the Canadian Union. And spoiler alert! That’s exactly what
    happened and why Alaska is so cut off from the rest of the continental United
    States. The railway now seems pretty quaint and
    old technology, but at the time it was quite advanced. It
    would be decades before the national highway system, or even cars existed. MacDonald’s dedication to this form of transportation nearly bankrupted the
    country and literally almost came to blows in Parliament. And happening
    simultaneously with this political intrigue in the East; in the West there
    was people discovering ways to blast through the Rocky Mountains. You got
    to meet all these fascinating figures in Canadian history, like William Cornelius
    Van Horne, the CPR general manager who proclaimed himself to be “the boss of
    everybody and everything.” He was essentially the Lex Luthor of that era,
    except – you know – not super evil. He was an American, but renounced his American
    citizenship after the construction of the railway was done. And there was also
    Andrew Onderdonk – just a fun name to say. He was tasked with finding a way to
    blast through those harsh granite walls of the Rocky Mountains. Thousands of
    Chinese workers came to help with this work and to place dangerous dynamite
    charges. It’s estimated that there is three Chinese lives lost for every
    kilometer of track lain. And this doesn’t even scratch the surface of the other
    surveyors and settlers of the West. While this was going on, by the time that this
    picture was taken, John A. McDonald had both lost and then come back to become
    Prime Minister again. Thousands of lives had been lost, but a country was
    starting to take shape. Cool stuff huh! Pierre? What do you mean you’ve been sleeping! My
    name is Kyle, this is Pierre. Thanks again for watching a short video about
    Canadian history. I also upload videos every Monday and Thursday. You can also
    like and subscribe down below for more. I’ll see you again next Saturday!

    Laff Mobb’s Laff Tracks – The Christmas of 1991 ft. Cee Jay Craxx | truTV
    Articles, Blog

    Laff Mobb’s Laff Tracks – The Christmas of 1991 ft. Cee Jay Craxx | truTV

    January 16, 2020

    So, let me tell y’all
    this story, man. It’s a story about
    the Christmas of 1991. This is, like, the year
    that I think changed me, defined me, man. I wanted to change
    my style, my clothes. Wanted Polo,
    so I told my mother — I said,
    “No more of that garbage. I want Polo this year.
    I want all Polo.” Now, crazy thing was,
    this was the year that the bootleg Polo came out. And I remember going
    down to that living room, and I had a lot of boxes. I’m like, “Damn. This got to
    be, like, $700 worth of Polo.” But the packaging was different. Like, the Polo — it came in
    this loud cellophane packaging that just said “USA” on it. I said, “This is odd.” Now, I didn’t — But we weren’t
    aware of the fake clothes yet, so I was like, “All right.
    I guess this is what it is.” If you look at the horse — If you look at the guy
    on the horse real close, there was another guy
    on the horse, like hanging off. [ Laughter ] I said,
    “Ah, maybe I overlooked it. Maybe I didn’t notice this
    second guy on the polo horse.” So, uh, you know,
    I had a lot of Polo shirts. I wore ’em all,
    ran through ’em all. Now, when I washed them —
    this was the crazy part. They all shrunk, like it was
    made out of some magical cotton. I wound up giving
    all the shirts to the dogs. They had nice dog clothes
    or whatever. The other thing that I wanted
    on that Christmas was a bike. I wanted a BMX. I wanted, like, a Diamondback,
    freestyle bike. Finally got the bike. It wasn’t the bike I wanted.
    The bike was a Magna. It was, like, an ugly color, like a nail-polish burgundy. It was terrible. I had some friends
    that lived up the street, twins. The Hannibal twins.
    They got the Diamondback bikes. They had both of them. Hot pink. They said, “Let’s go out
    to the pizzeria. Now I’m riding my burgundy
    nail-polish bike, and they’re doing —
    You know, they’re freestyling, spinning backwards,
    and doing all this. Because I had the one
    with the pedal brakes. If I hit mine backwards, it’d… The brakes will jam on you.
    You know what I’m sayin’? I couldn’t —
    I didn’t have the luxury of the freestyle feature. So, anyway, you know, we went to the pizzeria,
    the local pizzeria. We sat the bikes down. We’re inside, eating the pizza. And you saw a group of guys.
    Now I’m looking. I said, “Bro, I think they
    about to come take these bikes.” And, sure enough,
    they swooped down, they snatched their bikes. And lo and behold… was that burgundy Magna. And that was the best day
    of my life. I went home just hook sliding, skidding my ass off
    all the way home. [ Cheers and applause ]

    Top 10 Scary Unsolved Mysteries Caught On Camera
    Articles, Blog

    Top 10 Scary Unsolved Mysteries Caught On Camera

    January 14, 2020

    Starting us off with number 10 is The Battery
    Man. Slavisa Pajkic (pie-kich) aka Biba Struja
    aka electric biba is a man who since the age of 17 has apparently had electricity coursing
    through his body at all times. He can literally fry a hot dog with his bare
    hands, he claims hes an insulator, accumulator, conductor and heater all in one. Using two metal pins, he can make a lightbulb
    light up even though if any normal person touched 220 volts they would die. But its not even a thing for him. He even makes an eletric circuit with him
    and a bunch of students holding hands and he helps people with their sinus and back
    problems, their migraines, like look at what his touch does to people (
    1:41-1:51) and if that doesnt convince you, he became a guinness world record holder back
    in 1981 when he touched a few thousand volts. He also heated water to 97C in the record
    time of 1 minute and 37 seconds. And no one knows how he has this power, how
    the electricity entered him and never left, how he controls it or how he hasnt died from
    it yet. J: In at number 9, the Paulding Light. A small light that appears in a valley outside
    of Paulding, Michigan, this has been a mystery that has been puzzling investigators since
    the 1960’s. Some believe it’s a ghost, while others
    claim it could be some sort of geological activity or even natural gases. The light appears in the same spot almost
    every night, and of course there are tons of myths and legends surrounding the light. Some claim it’s the light of a railroad
    brakeman, who was killed while trying to stop an oncoming train from colliding with a car
    stuck on the tracks. Other’s claim it’s a grandparent looking
    for a lost grandchild using a lantern that needs constant relighting, which is why the
    light seems to come and go. In 2010, the Paulding light was featured on
    the show Fact or Faked: Paranormal Files, who couldn’t come up with a reasonable explanation
    for the random light. A: At number 8 we have The Disappearance of
    Frederick Valentich (valen-tich). On the 21st of October 1978 australian pilot
    Frederick Valentich was doing a 125 nautical mile training flight. The 20 year old had no idea that would be
    the last flight of his career. Known as a flying saucer enthusiast Frederick
    radioed Melbourne air traffic control saying this, (insert audio
    0:05-0:15) if its unclear hes asking if theres ‘any known traffic below 5000 feet?’ they
    respond saying no known traffic. He then claimed there was an unidentified
    aircraft that was following him at 4,500 feet which clearly wasnt a plane. It was illuminated by 4 bright landing lights
    and seemed to be moving at quite a fast speed. He then reported that it seemed to be approaching
    him from the east and that maybe the pilot was pranking him. The craft started orbiting above him and thats
    when Frederick started experiencing engine problems. Have a listen to the last few things he said
    in his transmission before contact was lost, (insert clip
    (0:38-0:42) and then (1:16-1:20)). Search parties were sent out and covered 1000
    square miles around the perimeter yet he was never found. J: At lucky number 7, Dale Kerstetter. This mystery is exactly that, because no one
    knows the answers. September 12th, 1987 Kerstetter started his
    weekend shift as a security guard at the Corning Glassworks plant in Bradford, Pennsylvania. When another security guard arrived the next
    morning to relieve Kerstetter of his shift, Dale was nowhere to be found. $250,000 of platinum pipe was also missing. However, Kerstetter’s truck was still in
    the parking lot, and after the police were called to investigate, they were stumped. The keys to the truck were still in the ignition. Kerstetter, a heavy smoke, left behind a full
    carton of cigarettes, the only thing missing was his 22 caliber pistol. What’s even more interesting is Dale’s
    lunch box was full, and upon reviewing security camera footage, about 10 minutes into Kerstetters’
    shift, a masked man is seen approaching the back of the plant. Kerstetter is seen walking up to him, and
    then he looked directly at the camera. The two men were never seen again. To this day, some believe Kerstetter was a
    part of a heist, while others think he was coerced into this crime. Kerstetter had six kids and two grandchildren
    at the time of his disappearance. No one has seen or heard from him since that
    night, and many are still wondering what really happened to Dale Kerstetter. Now at number 6 is the Sand Geyser. So everyone knows about water geysers, theyre
    out here going to iceland and chilling in those hot geyser baths and what not, its nothing
    new. But back in 2008, in the eastern city of Al
    Ahsae (al-asa) in Saudi Arabia, a sand geyser just appeared out of nowhere. The sand was coming out and reached 9 meters
    in vertical length but no one was able to explain how the phenomenon was happening. Several Armaco geological teams went to the
    site to get to the bottom of it but they simply couldnt. Some claim it couldve been cus of an earthquake
    tremor since some sand volcanoes form during large earthquakes but 11 years later theyre
    still clueless about the real origins. J: Halfway through our list at 5, the Cowboy
    Bandit. This one is insane because this guy somehow
    has been eluding the police for over 30 years ! It started back in 1987, on September 19th,
    when a man entered a bank in Spokane, Washington, and robbed them of $100,000. The man who robbed the bank was described
    as wearing glasses, a cowboy hat and cowboy boots. When he pulled a gun on the teller asking
    to be taken to the vault, he also revealed a police scanner, making it clear he’ll
    know if anyone calls for the police. After completing his first robbery, the Cowboy
    Bandit would go on to rob about a dozen banks total, even being captured on camera at some
    of them. Although it took a while to finally get the
    bandit on camera, while he was robbing a bank, one of the tellers set off a bill trap, which
    is located under some of the bills the tellers were handing over to the Bandit. This not only notified the police, but also
    activated the banks cameras. Still, even though he was caught on camera,
    to this day, law enforcement hasn’t been able to find the Cowboy Bandit. At number 4 is The Max Headroom Interruption. I feel like many people have seen this signal
    interruption that happened back in November of 1987. The signal intrusion happened at about 9pm during
    the sportscast news on WGN-TV and lasted about 28 seconds. The second intrusion happened during Doctor
    Who and that lasted 90 seconds. Its been 30 years now and the hijackers behind
    the interruption are still unknown and honestly the whole thing was creepy as hell. The person in the video is wearing a Max Headroom
    mask and sunglasses with this buzzing sound in the background. In the first one, hes just swaying from side
    to side bobbing his head up and down in front of this metallic striped background. In the second one the person actually talks
    saying hes a freakin nerd, heheing away, he starts humming and singing a song, and seems
    like hes on some kind of high level of drugs. He goes on to say i just made a giant masterpiece
    for all the greatest world newspaper nerds. And hes not wrong. J: In at 3, Leah Rowlands. At around 10:30 am on March 10th, 1997, Leah
    Rowlands was working as the manager of a gas station in Nebraska. The mother of two had just gotten promoted
    the day before, and didn’t think twice when a red Pontiac Grand AM pulled in to get some
    gas. The man in the red car walked into the gas
    station without shoes on, and sweatpants rolled up to his knees. He waited for a mother and her daughter to
    leave the store, and then approached the counter. Leah was instructed to hand over the money
    in the cash register, which she did, a total of $150 dollars. She was then told to lay on the ground. Complying with everything this robber said,
    Leah wasn’t expecting him to shoot her three times, twice in the arm, and once in the head,
    killing her instantly. The suspect then took off with the money,
    some soda, a pack of cigarettes, a lighter, and the gas he filled his car up with. Although there was surveillance footage of
    the entire crime, to this day, Leah’s killer has never been found. Now at number 2 is The Hampton Court Palace
    Ghost. This grand estate was the home of Henry the
    8th and all his 6 wives and all their kids. I feel like i learned about this guy in history
    at primary school more than i learned about anyone. It was a tie between him and both world wars. So the staff at the palace heard the alarm
    go off which meant the fire doors were open but when they rushed to check there was nothing
    there. But in the footage you can see the doors opening
    even though no ones physically opening them. And then a man appears out of nowhere in medieval
    clothes and leaves through the doors. No one saw any person come in and out of the
    doors yet the footage showed otherwise and it looks like a skinnier version of Henry
    the 8th tbh. Maybe the afterlife made him skinnier. J: Taking the top spot on our list, at number
    1, Bigfoot. Now you most likely already know the story
    here but for those that don’t, well, it’s quite an interesting one. Bob Gimlin and Roger Patterson filmed what
    some say is a real life bigfoot, and others claim to be a hoax, way back in 1967. The story goes, the two men were searching
    for bigfoot. Patterson claimed to have seen large footsteps
    earlier in the week, and convinced Gimlin to go on a journey with him. When the two returned to the area Patterson
    had originally found the prints, they were washed away due to rain. Still, the two men trekked deep into the woods
    on horseback. Then out of nowhere, Patterson’s horse started
    jumping around. And then they saw it. Bigfoot, on the other side of the creek. Patterson reached for his camera and started
    to record, but as he got closer, tripped on some sticks. The noise got the attention of Bigfoot, who
    made eye contact with the men and then kept walking away, deeper into the woods, as you
    can see on the footage. To this day there’s still a debate about
    whether or not the footage is real, and Gimlin doesn’t seem to care to make people believe
    him. He knows what he saw.

    Jim Kerr, ex Prisoner-of War, Burma-Thailand Railway
    Articles, Blog

    Jim Kerr, ex Prisoner-of War, Burma-Thailand Railway

    January 12, 2020

    was 15 when I enlisted and I was a gunner fourth Anti-Tank regiment. I was next to the ulcer ward and the treatment
    in the ulcer wars was; the orderly would come around in the morning and his treatment was
    a sharpened spoon. So with a sharpened spoon, he would scrape
    away all the bad flesh down to the good flesh, and you could hear these blokes screaming
    as this orderly was going on his rounds. So, you imagine you’re next in line waiting
    for this fellow with a sharpened spoon to come down, until finally there was no other
    action but they’d cut the leg off. There was quite, I wouldn’t know how many,
    but a lot of men lost legs because of ulcers. And there was no treatment. The Japanese never supplied any treatment
    for that sort of thing, so the doctors had to improvise with what they could.

    Searching for America’s First Monorail
    Articles, Blog

    Searching for America’s First Monorail

    January 11, 2020

    The monorail. Short of an actual rocket ship or flying car,
    there is possibly no better transportation system to represent “The Future”. Yet as a means of transport, it’s origins
    date back as far as the early 19th century. Like most vehicles it went through decades
    of experimentation and evolution and looks very different today than it did when it was
    first invented. Interestingly enough, it would take anywhere
    from 90 to 130 years before it would make its way to the United States. Now if it sounds odd that there’s a 40 year
    range there, that’s because it is. Today, we’re going to talk about America’s
    first monorail, because as easy of a task as that sounds, I’m still not sure if I
    know what it was. Now some might point to the Disneyland monorail
    as the country’s first monorail, because it’s a fact that Disney themselves like
    to tout. “Provocative new ideas like the first monorail
    system in the western hemisphere.” “When I was asked to design the first monorail
    in America I was tickled-” “It was the first daily operating monorail
    system in the western hemisphere-” “The monorail was the first operating monorail
    in North America-” But see, they do it in a careful Basbeall-esque
    way. You know, when you add qualifiers to make
    the statistic more unique, like hitter with the most doubles who is also a lefty and who’s
    name begins with a vowel. Disney is careful to claim that the Disneyland
    monorail is the first daily-operating monorail in the Western hemisphere. And it was… depending on how you define
    daily-operating… and depending on how you define monorail. You’d think “monorail” would be a simple
    word. Mono. Rail. One. Rail. Does it have one rail? It’s a monorail! More than one rail? Not a monorail. On the list of unclear terms, this should
    be towards the bottom. Except the weird reality is that a good number of the early monorail designs were not actually monorails. I came across a number of questionable American
    monorails that pre-date the Disneyland monorail, so let’s run through some of them. One of the first American monorails was the
    Centennial Monorail, which was introduced to the public in 1876 at the Philadelphia
    Centennial World’s Fair. It was based on the Lartigue monorail design
    from Europe, which is to say it was a monorail with three rails. The car sat on top of one rail, and then two
    more towards the bottom acted as guides so that the car would stay steady. It was a smart design, but it was one that
    makes it hard to seriously call it a monorail. I don’t think folks back then even bought
    it, because when the design was used two years later in Pennsylvania to bring supplies in
    and out of the town of Bradford, it was named the Bradford and Foster Brook Railway. Those two extra rails must have weighed heavy
    on their conscience, as it should have. In 1910 the Interborough Rapid Transit Company
    debuted a monorail that would run every day between City Island and Bartow Ave in the
    Bronx in New York City. This one actually sat atop of one single rail,
    which I guess was progress. Except it also had two guide rails, and this
    time they were situated above the car along an elevated track. So add one to the list of monorails undeserving
    of the name. Oh and it didn’t work either. On day one the IRT monorail derailed, injuring
    a handful of riders and forcing it to close for four months. The line would only last a few years, with
    the residents of City Island hating the hazardous monorail so much that they submitted a formal
    petition to prevent the expansion of the service. Eventually the line was converted to a trolley. One year later, we move over to the west coast
    where a William H Boyes of the Pacific Railway Company built a test line for a monorail in
    Seattle, Washington. This one is strange. From the photo in the Library of Congress
    it employs the straddle design that would become what most people think of when they
    think of a monorail. This shouldn’t be a major development, but
    it’s finally a monorail on one rail. However, and here comes the strange part,
    I couldn’t for the life me find any actual evidence that the monorail ever ran. The most I was able to find was evidence that
    Boyes held lectures about his monorail design. In that, it mentions that he built a stretch
    of track and one of the cars, but again, nothing that actually indicates that it was a functional
    test model. No information on how long it ran, at what
    speeds, with what motor. Nothing. I did find mention of him later that year,
    as his company’s shareholders had to get a mandate forcing him to turn over the company
    books for inspection after he decided to pay himself some of the money the company raised. That’s not specifically monorail related,
    but it definitely starts to paint a picture that adds to the question of whether or not
    his monorail was real. The company would go on to build no other
    monorails beyond that one length of test track. One year after that, in 1912, we’ve got
    the U.S. Senate Monorail in Washington DC. This is another one that’s difficult to
    call a real monorail. It utilized a single track overhead, similar
    to the Wuppertal Schwebebahn in Germany. However while the Schwebebahn hangs suspended
    from it’s mono-rail, the Senate Monorail used a guide rail grooved into the floor to
    keep steady. So another multi-railed monorail. In 1956 it would be Houston, Texas that would
    get the next major monorail. Headed by engineer Murel Goodell, a company
    creatively named Monorail Inc. set out to build a test track for their suspended monorail
    design, once again emulating the Schwebebahn. They selected Arrowhead Park, an old race
    track just 10 miles south of Houston for their testing spot. The owner of the track ended up letting them
    use the land for free in support of the idea of a monorail as a means of transportation
    in cities. Monorail Inc.’s idea was to develop a test
    track to show the public that a monorail could work. Then they’d sell the idea to various cities
    across the country. They estimated that they could build out systems
    for cities at a cost of $500,000 a mile, and then lease-sell the monorails they build to
    the city. So they went ahead and built a 970 foot long
    track that stood 55 feet tall. The track itself was a 30 inch diameter pipe. At one point the company played around with
    the idea of building the pipe so that it could transport resources like water or oil as a
    way to increase the profitability of the system. Because if there’s a monorail accident,
    the best thing to have is definitely a track full of oil. Luckily it was only ever an idea. After just a few months the track was completed,
    and in February of 1956 the monorail, dubbed the Trailblazer, was opened to the public. Pulling a page directly out of the setup of
    a superhero comic, Monorail Inc invited 50 orphans to be the first to ride. That ride got off to a rocky start when the
    test vehicle full of orphans lost control and began careening down the track. Just kidding. It did get off to a rocky start, but that
    rocky start was just a two hour delay and some issues traversing the 7% grade on the
    track. They were eventually ironed out and the monorail
    ran smoothly for the rest of the day. The orphans were safe. The Trailblazer was a monorail that was actually
    a monorail. It opened to the public and ran regularly,
    gaining a ridership of 68,000 passengers that first five months. In August Monorail Inc announced that they’d
    be disassembling the track and moving it over to the Texas State Fair, where it would become
    the first commercial monorail… that was actually a monorail. For 25 cents, over 100,000 fair guests would
    ride along the 4,000 foot track and experience the transportation of the future. Monorail Inc began to talk with various cities,
    just as they had hoped, and got estimate requests from Dallas, Seattle, Cincinnati, Detroit,
    Chicago, and New York. They also caught the attention of a European
    businessman by the name of Axel Lennart Wenner-Gren, who was developing monorails in Germany. His company, using his name for the acronym,
    was ALWEG. ALWEG purchased controlling stake in Monorail
    Inc in 1957, but they had made the decision a little prematurely. For as nice as it was to have interest from
    six major cities, none actually developed into any concrete plans. The reasons ranged from cities not having
    the budget, to not having the votes, to deciding that for as cool as a monorail seemed, it
    wasn’t actually the best transportation system for them. It would be a trend that would plague monorails
    for quite some time, building an image for the public that they were better off as amusements,
    for fairs or for small closed loops. Meanwhile over in Europe, ALWEG was improving
    on their straddle-design monorail and previewing it to the public just in the same way Monorail
    Inc did in Houston. Except ALWEG wasn’t impressing a bunch of
    orphans. They were impressing Walt Disney. Walt wanted the futuristic looking vehicles
    for Disneyland and so Disney worked with ALWEG to build a custom monorail based on their
    design. The Disneyland-ALWEG Monorail System was dedicated
    on June 14th, 1959, just three years after the Trailblazer had transported nearly 200,000
    people in Texas. So which monorail was the first daily-operating
    monorail in the western hemisphere? Perhaps if, like many people at the time,
    you were OK with calling these three-railed systems a monorail then it would be the Interborough
    Rapid Transit monorail which operated daily in New York City. Or maybe it was Monorail Incs Trailblazer,
    which was suspended from one rail and operated every day during the State Fair. Or, if the limited engagement nature of state
    fairs disqualifies it as “operating daily” even though it “operated daily” during
    the fair, then perhaps it was the Disneyland-ALWEG Monorail System. It ultimately depends on how you define monorail,
    and how you define daily-operating. The one thing I know for sure is that it definitely
    wasn’t this one. I’m like 90% sure this thing never moved. During my research for this video, I found
    multiple instances of multiple monorails being hailed as the first monorail in America. Even in historic look-backs, there doesn’t
    seem to be a consensus. It was a testament to how wildly different
    a lot of these designs were. But ultimately it didn’t matter. While the Disneyland monorail was perhaps
    not the first, it was unquestionably the most impactful when it came to the public’s perception
    of the monorail. Even today when most people think of a monorail,
    they think of either the Disneyland or Walt Disney World system. Just goes to show that sometimes with history,
    it’s not about being first.

    My Brother Jonathan (1948) showing Aston Rowant railway station on the Watlington Branch Line, Oxon
    Articles, Blog

    My Brother Jonathan (1948) showing Aston Rowant railway station on the Watlington Branch Line, Oxon

    January 9, 2020

    Hello Jim. Hello Doctor. unrest sorry doctor not to be able to
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    Top 7 Abandoned Race Tracks you can visit Legally
    Articles, Blog

    Top 7 Abandoned Race Tracks you can visit Legally

    January 8, 2020

    Top 7 Abandoned Race Tracks you can visit legally! Opel Test Track The old Opel Test Track, official named Opel-Rennbahn, opened in 1920 as a test facility of the Opel Factory in Rüsselsheim, Germany. It was an oval track, inspired by the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Soon they saw the commercial potential of the track, and start to organize races during the weekends. In the golden years 50.000 spectators came to the events. But when in 1927 the Nürburgring opened, and in 1932 the Hockenheimring, the Opel-Rennbahn got tough competition of modern race tracks. In the 30s less races were organized and when WWII broke out in 1939 motor racing stopped. After the war it was used by the US Army, to test military vehicles. But in 1949 the track closed and was left abandoned. In 1987 the abandoned circuit became a monument of industry and technologie. Today a part ot the overgrown track is cleared and equipped with an observation platform. Motodrom Gelsenkirchen Motodrom Gelsenkirchen was a club circuit in Germany, used for amateur stock car racing. Because it was built on the site of the former Alma Colliery and coking plant, it was also known under the name Almaring. The driving direction was counter clockwise. Actually, this race track was something between a small oval and a road circuit. Today the track is still there, complete with the old guard rail. Only the buildings and grandstands are demolished. Old Hockenheimring The old Hockenheimring was a circuit that opened in 1932 as the Dreieckskurs, which is German for Triangular Track. In 1938 it was modified and became it’s famous wing shape with the Ostkurve. In 1964 the section through the village of Hockenheim was replaced by the Motodrom. This is the version we call “old Hockenheim” today. But actually it was the third verion. When the Nürburgring was no longer found suitable for Formule One, the German Grand Prix moved to Hockenheim in the 70s. For safety, 3 chicanes were built in the fast sections through the woods. But for 2002, Formula 1 bosses want to make the long Hockenheimring more friendly for public… The circuit should become shorter with more grandstands. Hockenheim lost it’s historical section through the woods. It was replaced by a new section and the old part was demolished. The empty space was used to plant trees, to compensate the felled trees for the new section. It was one of the most controversial reconstructions of a race track ever! Here you see an old service road in the woods near the Jim Clark Chicane. And this is were the Jim Clark Chicane was… Here was the famous Ostkurve. You can still recognize the embankment of the grandstands. All what left of old Hockenheim is this straight from the Ostkurve to the Senna Chicane. Nürburgring Südschleife You can call the Südschleife the forgotten part of the old Nürburgring, most famous for it’s iconic Nordschleife. The Südschliefe was the smaller Southern Loop, built for national races. It was operational from the opening in 1927 to 1975. Since 1972 only for Tourist Rides. The Northern part of the already abandoned Südschleife was demolished in 1981, for the Construction of the new Grand Prix Circuit. Today the Eastern part of the old Südschleife is a public road. But most of the Western part is still there. A part is still abandoned, while another part is used as entrance road to the parking. Circuit Reims-Gueux The circuit of Reims-Gueux is probably the most famous circuit ruin in the World. The street circuit in Northern France was used for the First time in 1926. Original a part of the circuit ran through the village of Gueux. The First French Grand Prix was held in 1932. In the 1950s and 60s the Formula 1 Grand Prix was held here 11 times. In the 1950 the circuit was also changed, to cut off the loop through the village of Gueux. The last French Grand Prix at Reims-Gueux was in 1966. Untill 1972 the circuit was used for national races. But after the last race in 1972, the major ordered the demolition of all buildings. They started with the pitboxes… But there were elections and a new major came, and he stopped the demolition. So we have to thank him this great memorial to a bygone era is still there. However, since then the old circuit buildings were left abandoned and nature start to claim it back. There were already plans to restart the demolition, to built villas on the site… But in the beginning of the new century, a foundation was founded to preserve the motorsport heritage of Gueux. “Les Amis du Circuit de Gueux” (Friends of the Gueux Circuit). In 2004 they started to clear the site and restore the old buildings. Today the restauration is still going on. By every revisit you see the changes…. They realy do a great job! Old Monza Autodromo Nazionale di Monza opened in 1922 as a 10 km long combination of a high banked oval and a road circuit. In 1938 the original banking was demolished and they changed parts of the road circuit. But in the 50s they want to return to the combination of a high speed oval and a road circuit… So a new banking was built. The new circuit opened in 1955. This is the version we call old Monza today. But the usage of the banking was controversial. After 1961 it was taboo for Formula One, and after 1969 only the road circuit was used for all races. In the 90s there was a plan to demolish the banking to plant trees… Just like they would do later with old Hockenheim! But there was massive protest, among others from Formula One drivers, so they cancelled this terrible plan. Today the old banking is used once a year for the Monza Rally, were they use only the lower part. The rest of the year it’s free accessible for a walk or a ride with a bicycle. Next to the banking is also the old Pirelli Track, a test circuit that was built in 1938 but never used for it’s purpose. The only remained corner still has the original surface. Brooklands Our last circuit is the mother of all race tracks, Brooklands! Brooklands opened in 1907 and was the First purpose built racing venue ever. Because racing on public roads was banned in Brittain they decide to built a permanent race track in Weybridge, near London. The circuit contained a high banked oval and a road circuit inside. There was also a steep hill for testing. In 1908 the First ever airfield of Great Brittain opened on the infield of Brooklands. Manufacturers of cars and airplanes opened factories near the circuit, because of the unique possibilities to test their products. When WWII broke out in 1939 racing stopped and Brooklands closed. During the war the Vickers airplane facory need to expand for the war industrie. A part of the banking was demolished, so the track was not longer usable. To camouflage the sites, holes were made in the surface to plant trees. And when the war was over more parts of the banking were demolished. What remained get the status of National Monument in 2001. Today there are two places were you can legally visit the remains of the Brooklands Circuit. You can visit the Brooklands Museum, which includes the remains of Members Banking and a part of the Finishing Straight. At Mercedess-Benz World you can visit the old Railway Straight. The other remains are on private property and not open for public. But from the public road you can watch a part of the old Byfleet Banking. We’re at the end of the video. But before you go, download your free copy of the Ebook version of this video. I give you more information about the history and how to ge ton the circuits! Also subscribe to my channel, so you don’t miss the next video. Thanks for watching. Bye!

    Japan presses for Ghosn’s extradition from Lebanon
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    Japan presses for Ghosn’s extradition from Lebanon

    January 7, 2020

    Japan is pressing Lebanon to return
    fugitive ex Nissan boss Carlos Cohen who escaped house arrest in Tokyo before
    reportedly being smuggled out of the country in a flight case Lebanon does
    not typically surrender its citizens but Japan says it can request his
    extradition according to reports mr. Gowan walked
    out of his house in the 29th of December before boarding a bullet train to Osaka
    he was then bundled into a flight case which was put on a turkey bound plane
    leaving alone mr. goon who ran Nissan until he was arrested on charges of
    financial misconduct in November 2018 was banned from seeing his wife while on
    bail but in the final days of 2019 he skipped bail to board a private jet that
    took him to Turkey before he traveled on to Lebanon where he is a citizen and
    where his wife was waiting security cameras caught the 65 year old walking
    out of his house in Tokyo alone at around 1430 local time on the 29th of
    December according to Japanese media he reportedly then met two men at a Tokyo
    hotel who escorted him to the city’s Shinagawa station where they caught a
    train to Osaka Japan’s second city there at the three men checked into a hotel
    near Kansai Airport the report said mr. Gowan was not seen leaving the hotel but
    the two other men were caught by security cameras exiting with two big
    boxes according to the reports The Wall Street Journal said mr. Gowan was loaded
    onto the private jet bound for Turkey in a flight case more normally used to
    transport musical equipment for live shows with holes drilled into the bottom
    so that the fugitive executive was able to breathe the paper said the case was
    not checked by airport security before it was loaded onto the plane
    wrongful methods Japan’s Justice Ministry said it did not have records of
    mr. Goh in departing Japan it is believed that he used some wrongful
    methods to illegally leave the country the country’s justice minister Masako
    Mori said in a press conference on Monday I have instructed the immigration
    agency to further tighten the departure process she added since fleeing mr. Gong
    has avoided media interviews but he is expected to break his silence at
    press conference on Wednesday last week he issued a short statement that said he
    alone arranged for his unauthorized departure from Japan and played down
    speculation that his wife Carol and other members of his family helped
    arrange for him to escape mr. Gong denies the charges of financial
    wrongdoing in Japan instead claiming the country’s justice system is rigged