Browsing Tag: was

    Train narrowly misses people crossing railway
    Articles, Blog

    Train narrowly misses people crossing railway

    April 10, 2020


    Shocking CCTV footage has caught the moment
    a train was forced to make an emergency stop after two people were seen running on the
    tracks. British Transport Police have released this
    video where a train narrowly misses the two young men who are trespassing on the railway
    lines at a Shropshire station. Moments before the terrifying incident, the
    men are seen walking back and forth across the tracks and a group of young women can
    be seen watching them from the platform. After the train driver stops, a search of
    the area was carried out but no-one was found. Police said it was pure luck that no-one was
    injured and that the stunt was incredibly dangerous. They are now appealing for any information
    about those involved in the incident.

    Articles

    JOURNEY THROUGH THE MOST SCENIC RAIL ROUTE. | Konkan Diaries Ep4

    April 4, 2020


    Right now, Iam
    here at subrahmanya road station and yeah, the most awaited journey of my life time is going to come true The youth is like a rainbow It is new everyday just enjoy it welcome to the fourth episode of konkan diaries vlog series it’s been a while since i uploaded the last part and a lot of you have been asking when is the fourtrh part coming just kidding!! no one asked me so this video is all about my jorney from Karwar to Bangalore through the majestic shiradi ghats. A lot of mountains tunnels and everything! undoubtedly this was my best ever train journey in 18 years of my lifetime so without wasting any time, lets get started. A very good morning people!! time right now is 5.15 and yeah, right now Iam at the retiring room in Karwar. (THATHA): train is at 5.30 train is at 5.30 as grandfather has said. Its very cold over here!! thats why i have changed to full sleeve and… only 15 minutes left. we are leaving Karwar right now. final goodbye to Karwar. It was a chill January morning and a fully empty coach made start to our journey even more exciting UDUPI I have purchased parotta. I dont know how it tastes. but consuming too much parotta is harmful to health. Around 10.20 we arrived mangalore and it was the fourth time I was at mangalore for the past three weeks. Right now Iam here at mangaluru junction and we have arrived here at 10.20 itself that is 40 minutes before time and our departure is only at 11.30 so i’ve to spend next one hour here like half of the people inside the train got down. no one has got inside till now. its fully empty Around 1 o clock we reached subrahmanya road subrahmanya was start of the ghat section “tees means??” -thirty (pulao pulao pulao pulao pulao) The most awaited journey of my lifetime was about to begin. I quickly got some snacks and sat at the door path. Remember sitting at the doorpath is wrong.. But then I did that because there was speed restriction. This journey was very much neede for me considering what I was going through at that time. So basically our plan was to go to Delhi and enjoy the high speed rail route but then I was going through a lot at that time and wanted some inner peace. at the last moment we changed our plan to goa and shiradi ghat and I was actually enjoying that, that mountain, scenery, everything I was enjoying each and every part of that journey. this was the best moment of my life the train was going through a very high bridge and the view I got was the best It was undoubtedly, the best 10 seconds of my life At sakleshpur, climbing of our ghat ended. if you plan to visit shiradi ghats, visit during monsoon to get best views TRUST ME Iam here right now at Shravanabelagola and this is one of the most important pilgrimage destinations for jains. At 8.30 we arrived at Yesvantpur Our train to chennai was from bangalore city so we decided to take a metro Our train to chennai was late and we were sitting at the station and it was very cold. final leg of our journey begins. SSPN – Madras express hauled by 30417 ROYAPURAM WAP7 On 20th jan morning we were back in Chennai Our three days trip got over just like that. we were all sad because we had to go to our colleges and our journey has got over But you know what?
    every journey has to come to an end and life has to go on. Its awesome travelling like this. but at the same time its very unsafe you need to be someone experienced to travel like this.. what is your age man?

    The Fall of DeLorean – An Iconic Car Company
    Articles, Blog

    The Fall of DeLorean – An Iconic Car Company

    April 2, 2020


    in 1985 the film Back to the Future made
    this car an icon the DMC DeLorean being stainless steel with gullwing doors it
    was for perfect look for a time-traveling sci-fi movie when I first
    saw the movie as a kid I had no idea it was a real car produced by V DeLorean
    Motor Company but strangely that company went bankrupt three years before this it
    was the most incredible collapse of a car company the world has ever seen this
    is the story of that collapse the story of how a promising and calamus young
    startup was torn apart by bad luck incompetence and more than 200 pounds of
    cocaine our story begins with a man by the name
    of John DeLorean an engineer with charisma of at eclipsed turbos around
    him born and raised in Detroit Michigan it
    was natural for him to be drawn to the automobile industry by his mid 40s
    DeLorean had successfully developed many car models such as the Pontiac Firebird
    he had become the youngest-ever division head at General Motors and was making a
    small fortune every year but DeLorean wasn’t in this business for the money
    it’s hard to say why he was in the business at all he was known by
    colleagues for being rebellious and even turned down the opportunity to be the
    president of General Motors this was 1973 when America’s auto industry was
    monsterous becoming GM’s leader would have made two Lorien one of America’s
    most influential figures so for him to seemingly walk away from that is insane
    yes it was just the start of his story by this time DeLorean was famous well
    known as a maverick businessman who dated celebrities and did pretty much
    whatever he wanted this combined with his previous success put him in a
    perfect position to start his own company so he set about raising capital
    eventually securing 200 million dollars in funding 120 million of which came
    from the government of Northern Ireland in exchange for the first DeLorean
    factory being built there of the remaining 80 million some came from
    celebrity investors like Johnny Carson host of The Tonight Show but a lot came
    from car dealers hoping to sell V DeLorean all initial dealers were
    required to own stock and B DeLorean Motor Company Abbott I’m sectarian
    violence had scared most businesses away from Northern Ireland
    so for tellurium to base his entire operation here was a big deal by 1981
    the plan was up and running and in that first year DeLorean launched their first
    and last car model the DMC without a lick of paint this entirely stainless
    steel car was unlike any on the road many now call it the Tesla of its era
    and it’s easy to see why it’s going doors its rear styling were unique but
    like every new car company DeLorean made a lot of mistakes
    and the DMC just wasn’t good enough to compete with other cars in its price
    range initially each unit cost $25,000 in today’s money vats over 70,000 for
    that price few were willing to try out an unproven model especially as reviews
    of it were not exactly flattering in time gradual improvements were made to
    the DMC but with poor sales figures and no more funding from a British
    government they had to keep increasing the price in 1982 a DeLorean cost twenty
    nine thousand dollars and in 1983 it was 34,000 with a steadily increasing cost
    and a now terrible reputation engineering-wise things were not looking
    good in October 1982 v DeLorean Motor Company
    went out of business production shut down after John DeLorean
    was arrested by the FBI desperate for a cash injection to save his dying Empire
    he made a deal with his neighbor to smuggle 220 pounds of cocaine into the
    United States the buttery neighbour betrayed him tipping off the FBI who
    then caught DeLorean admitting to the plan on tape years later he would be
    found not guilty at trial it was ruled a case of entrapment seeing as it was of a
    neighbor who suggested the plan to DeLorean knowing he was desperate and
    would do anything to bail out of a company he was fully cleared but by then
    it was too late V DeLorean Motor Company was dead and
    his reputation had been destroyed the name DeLorean had become synonymous with
    poorly designed cars and incompetent drug dealing perhaps it would have
    remained that way if not for a totally factual documentary called Back to the
    Future released in 1985 it tells V totally legit story of a time
    a crazy scientist who for some reason befriends teenagers accidentally
    discovered time travel or at least I think so it’s been a while either way
    Back to the Future made V DeLorean an icon as a time-traveling car should be
    when you think about it it should be crazy and futuristic looking knowledge
    one of those weird Japanese box cars the DeLorean Motor Company being out of
    business only made calm or legendary they were scarce just
    9000 total DeLoreans were manufactured and today less than seven thousand are
    still around and so V DeLorean DMC a cast seemingly destined to fail and be
    forgotten as many other oddities of in 1980s were has outlived all expectations
    it really was a ridiculous series of events a barely believable series of
    events but they did happen and in a sense still are years after going out of
    business the DeLorean Motor Company was revived by a person from Liverpool the
    worst kind of person based in Texas his company refurbish and sell DeLoreans for
    around $60,000 each they also plan to start manufacturing new DeLoreans so
    maybe soon it will be back in a real way as for John DeLorean his career never
    recovered he spent years planning to launch new transportation companies all
    of which failed to materialize even after the collapse of DMC of illegal
    cases against him continued years of litigation pushed him into financial
    ruin eventually he was forced to appear in commercials for a terrible whiskey
    called cutty sark but not even whiskey could save him in
    his final years DeLorean went bankrupt and sold his home to Donald Trump who
    advertised seem to specialize in buying the homes of former millionaires that is
    the story of John DeLorean and his weird pointless company

    The Prince Edward Island Railway
    Articles, Blog

    The Prince Edward Island Railway

    March 27, 2020


    So if you’re a young Islander, it’s hard
    to believe that we ever had a railway on Prince Edward Island. But we did, and it’s
    a remarkable story. So let’s go back to 1864, when we hosted here a conference
    that led to the foundation of the Dominion of Canada and Confederation. But as everyone knows Islanders originally stayed out of Confederation. We were
    surrendering too much and gaining too little. So we remained in splendid
    isolation. Then in 1870, there was a crisis in government on Prince Edward
    Island, and a coalition government was formed, and they had to avoid all
    issues that might split their alliance. So there were a government in search of
    a platform, and the platform they found was to build a trans-Island railway. The railway was to Victorians like the computer and the internet have been in
    our recent past. They were the gateway to the future. So Prince Edward Islanders
    felt they needed a railway and the government went out to build one. They
    turned the first sod in October 1871, and by March 1872 the government had fallen
    on charges of corruption. A new government came to power and you would
    have thought they would put a stop to the project but in fact other members of
    the legislature were holding them ransom, demanding they would not support the
    government unless it extended the railway to their part of Prince Edward
    Island. And so the original railway which was to run from Georgetown to Alberton
    was to be extended to the western tip of the island at Tignish, and to Souris. by December 1872 the island was facing a
    financial crisis and they had two options. They could raise our taxes (never
    a popular option) or they could go back to Ottawa and ask for terms for
    Confederation. And that’s what they did. And there was a round of negotiations,
    and on July 1st 1873 we became a province of Canada. And the Government of
    Canada was good enough as to take over the construction of the railway and its
    operation. The railway opened in 1875. The brass shop here opened the following
    year and it is a relic of a railway and an industry that wound its way through
    the social and the cultural and the economic imagination of Islanders. It provided employment for hundreds of
    Islanders. It transported Islanders to sporting events, to social events, on
    commerce, on business, for tourists, it was an essential means of transportation.
    Until the advent of the automobile and asphalt. They transformed the travel
    habits of Islanders and gradually the railway became obsolete. The passenger
    service was gradually abandoned until it was completely abandoned in 1969, and at
    the very last day of 1989 the final railcar on the freight service trundled
    off the island and the railway came to an end.
    But even that’s not the end of the story because a project ensued converting the
    rail bed to the Confederation Trail, a hiking, cycling, and a snowmobiling trail
    that enriches the ongoing lives of Islanders even today. Thanks for watching
    our series. If you enjoy it, please subscribe. And if you have questions
    about the videos or ideas for new videos leave a note in our comments maybe your
    idea will be in the next one of our videos. And if you want to check out
    another cool series, we’ve got one coming up on LM Montgomery by Dr.. Kate Scarth.

    Columbus Neighborhoods: Up North
    Articles, Blog

    Columbus Neighborhoods: Up North

    March 27, 2020


    >>NEXT, FAMILY ROOTS RUN DEEP IN PLAIN CITY. THEN A TRAIN STATION IN MARION BECOMES A HUB
    OF ACTIVITY. AND LATER, A CHURCH TRANSFORMED INTO A CULINARY HAVEN.>>Announcer: SUPPORT FOR “COLUMBUS NEIGHBORHOODS” IS PROVIDED BY^– AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER IS PROUD TO SPONSOR WOSU PUBLIC MEDIA “COLUMBUS NEIGHBORHOODS.” WORKING TOGETHER WITH OUR COMMUNITIES, WE’RE COMMITTED TO POWERING A BRIGHT, BOUNDLESS FUTURE FOR US ALL.>>AT OHIO HEALTH, WE BELIEVE ITS IMPORTANT
    TO HAVE A HEALTHY UNDERSTANDING OF THE WORLD AROUND YOU. THAT’S WHY WE’RE PROUD SPONSORS OF WOSU PUBLIC MEDIA AND THEIR WORK TO EDUCATE, ENTERTAIN
    AND INSPIRE THE PEOPLE WE SERVE.>>>BAILEY^CAVALIERI. YOUR RELATIONSHIP WITH YOUR LAW FIRM DOESN’T NEED TO BE COMPLICATED. IT JUST NEEDS TO BE RIGHT.>>>AND BY VIEWERS LIKE YOU. THANK YOU.>>THIS WEEK, WE’RE VISITING A FEW NEIGHBORHOODS NORTH OF COLUMBUS. NOW WHEN I THINK OF THIS FIRST TOWN, DER^DUTCHMAN COMES TO MIND WITH ITS DELICIOUS BROASTED CHICKEN, MASHED POTATOES AND OF COURSE ALL THE HOMEMADE PIES. BUT WHAT SOME DON’T KNOW ABOUT PLAIN CITY? THERE ARE MANY PEOPLE LIVING TODAY WHO HAVE FAMILY TIES TO THE VILLAGE’S EARLIEST PIONEERS, DATING BACK TO THE 1800s. AND AS URBAN DEVELOPMENT FROM DUBLIN PUSHES THEIR WAY, THE LONG-TIME RESIDENTS ARE TRYING
    TO MAINTAIN THAT “SMALL TOWN” FEEL WHILE
    ALSO ENCOURAGING GROWTH.>>BEFORE THE WHITE MAN CAME AND SETTLED,
    THERE WERE A NUMBER OF INDIAN TRIBES THAT LIVED
    IN THIS AREA. THEY HUNTED AND FISHED AND CAMPED ALONG BIG DARBY CREEK. IT WAS PART OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY, PART
    OF THE VIRGINIA LAND GRANT.>>JONATHAN^ALDER, HE HAD BEEN BORN IN NEW^JERSEY. HIS FAMILY MOVED WHEN HE WAS FAIRLY YOUNG
    TO THE WESTERN PART OF VIRGINIA.>>ONE DAY WHEN HE WAS ABOUT NINE, HE AND
    AN OLDER BROTHER WENT OUT LOOKING FOR A HORSE
    OF THEIRS THAT HAD WONDERED OFF AND THEY ENCOUNTERED SOME INDIANS WHO HAD COME FROM OHIO. THEY KILLED JONATHAN’S BROTHER BUT THEY DECIDED THAT THEY WOULD TAKE HIM BACK AND ADOPT HIM INTO THEIR TRIBE. WHEN HE WAS A YOUNG MAN, HE DECIDED HE WANTED TO KIND OF STRIKE OUT ON HIS OWN.>>HE BUILT SEVERAL CABINS AROUND PLAIN CITY. THE LAST ONE HE BUILT WAS SOUTH OF TOWN ON WHAT’S NOW PLAIN CITY GEORGESVILLE ROAD.>>THE FIRST SETTLERS FROM THE EAST WHO CAME WERE IN 1796^WAS A MAN NAMED BENJAMIN^SPRINGER AND HIS FAMILY. THEY MET ALDER. THEY BUILT THEIR CABIN NEAR HIS. AND THEY HELPED HIM RELEARN ENGLISH.>>JONATHAN^ALDER, HE WAS THE FIRST WHITE SETTLER IN MADISON COUNTY. THE EWING BROTHERS WERE THE FIRST WHITE SETTLERS IN WHAT IS NOW UNION COUNTY. YOU KNOW, PLAIN CITY IS DIVIDED BY THE COUNTY LINE. AND ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF TOWN, YOU’RE IN MADISON COUNTY. AND ON THE NORTH SIDE OF TOWN, YOU’RE IN UNION COUNTY.>>IT WASN’T UNTIL 1818^THAT ISAAC^BIGELOW
    CAME. AND HE HAD ORIGINALLY INTENDED JUST TO FARM LAND AROUND HERE. BUT HE SAW THAT THERE WAS A GOOD DEAL OF TRAFFIC ON THE CHILLICOTHE ROAD AND THEN ALSO ON WHAT IS NOW MAIN STREET WHICH WAS CALLED THE POST ROAD BECAUSE IT WAS THE ROAD THAT
    THE MAIL CARRIERS TOOK FROM WORTHINGTON TO URBANA. AND SO HE LAID OUT A TOWN WHICH HE CALLED WESTMINSTER. IT WAS CALLED WESTMINSTER FOR ABOUT FIVE YEARS. IN 1823, IT BECAME PLEASANT VALLEY. THERE WAS AT LEAST ONE OTHER PLEASANT VALLEY
    IN OHIO SO IN 1871, THE NAME WAS CHANGED TO PLAIN CITY. AND A LOT OF PEOPLE THINK THAT THE PLAIN HAS
    TO DO WITH THE PLAIN PEOPLE BECAUSE WE HAD A
    LARGE AMISH COMMUNITY HERE. ACTUALLY, IT’S BECAUSE OF THE DARBY PLAINS. THERE WERE FIVE AMISH FAMILIES WHO CAME FROM HOLMES COUNTY IN 1895. BY THE 50s, WE WOULD HAVE HAD AT LEAST 100^FAMILIES OF OLD^– AMISH.>>THE AMISH, FOR THE MOST PART, ALL LIVED
    OUTSIDE OF TOWN. AND THEY ALONG WITH THE FARMERS WOULD COME INTO TOWN ON FRIDAY NIGHT AND SATURDAY TO
    BUY THE THINGS THAT THEY COULDN’T MAKE AT HOME. WE HAD THREE OR FOUR BIG GRAIN ELEVATORS IN PLAIN CITY AT THAT TIME. AND OF COURSE, ALL THE FARMERS BROUGHT THEIR GRAIN IN HERE FOR SALE.>>IN 1900, THERE WOULD HAVE BEEN PROBABLY
    1,000- 1,200^PEOPLE. IT WAS A MAJOR SHIPPING AREA FOR LIVESTOCK,
    FARM PRODUCE, EGGS, THINGS LIKE THAT.>>WE HAD HALF A DOZEN GROCERY STORES, DRY
    GOOD STORES, RESTAURANTS AND THINGS, MOVIE THEATER. WE HAVE THE HARDWARE STORE THAT WAS ON THE CORNER ACROSS FROM THE OLD FARMERS NATIONAL BANK WHERE THE TOWN CLOCK SITS ON TOP. THAT TOWN CLOCK WAS GIVEN TO THE PEOPLE OF
    THE VILLAGE BY A FELLOW, THE NAME OF SAMMY^TAYLOR. AND IT WAS DEDICATED IN NOVEMBER OF 1902. AND THAT CLOCK IS STILL HERE. IT STILL FUNCTIONS. IT KIND OF BECAME THE SYMBOL OF PLAIN CITY. MOST OF THE BUILDINGS IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA WERE BUILT AROUND MID-1800s UP TO THE EARLY 1900s. AND MOST OF THE BUILDINGS WERE BUILT DURING THE^– STILL HERE. IN JUNE OF 1912, THERE WAS A TERRIBLE STORM
    THAT WENT THROUGH HERE. MOST OF THE BUILDINGS IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA WERE THREE STORY BUILDINGS AT THAT TIME. WHEN THE STORM CAME THROUGH, IT TOOK THE TOP OFF ALMOST ALL OF THE BUILDINGS, PARTICULARLY
    ON THE NORTH SIDE OF MAIN STREET.>>ONE OF THE THINGS THAT CHARACTERIZES PLAIN CITY IS THAT IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN VERY MUCH
    TIED TO AGRICULTURE. I THINK EVEN THOSE OF US WHO^– WHO AREN’T
    FARM KIDS, WHO GREW UP IN TOWN, YOU WERE ATTUNED
    TO THE RHYTHMS OF FARM LIFE. IS IT TOO WET? IS IT TOO HOT? IS IT TOO DRY?>>AT ONE TIME, WE HAD A CANNING FACTORY HERE
    IN TOWN. THIS WAS BACK IN THE LATE 30s, EARLY 40s WHERE THEY CANNED VEGETABLES. NEARLY EVERYBODY THAT HAD A LITTLE PATCH OF GROUND THAT COULD PLANT SOME TOMATO PLANTS WOULD RAISE TOMATOS AND HAUL THEM TO THE CANNING FACTORY AND SELL THEM. THE SAME WAY^– MOST OF THE FARMERS RAISE
    SWEET CORN AND THAT WOULD GO TO THE CANNING FACTORY.>>I THINK YOU WOULD FIND IN ANY PIONEER COMMUNITY THAT WHEN YOU’VE ONLY GOT SIX OR EIGHT FAMILIES IN THE AREA, YOUR MARRIAGE PROSPECTS ARE SOMEWHAT LIMITED SO EVERYBODY WAS MARRYING INTO EVERYBODY ELSE’S FAMILY.>>DOWN THROUGH THE GENERATIONS, EVERYBODY
    IS RELATED TO EVERYBODY ELSE ALMOST. I HAD COUSINS, AUNTS AND UNCLES ALL OVER PLAIN CITY. EVERYBODY ELSE DID TOO.>>RIGHT NOW, WE ARE, I GUESS YOU COULD SAY,
    ON THE CUSP. WE WANT TO KEEP THIS SMALL TOWN FEELING THAT WE ALL GREW UP WITH BUT WE RECOGNIZE THAT THERE ARE GOING TO BE A LOT OF CHANGES.>>WE KNOW THAT EVENTUALLY WE’RE GOING TO
    BE CONSUMED BY SOMEONE, PROBABLY DUBLIN OR HILLIARD, MAYBE COLUMBUS. WE DON’T MIND GROWTH BUT WE WANT CONTROLLED GROWTH. THAT’S OUR BIGGEST FEAR THAT IT’S GONNA GO
    WILD LIKE DUBLIN AND HILLIARD DID.>>THE FACT THAT SO MANY OF US AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND COLLEGE WENT AWAY AND^– BUT THEN WE’VE COME BACK, I THINK THAT’S BECAUSE WE
    HAD THAT FEELING OF “THERE’S A REAL TIE HERE TO
    THE AREA, TO THE FAMILIES.”>>’COURSE I STILL FEEL RELATED TO ALMOST EVERYBODY IN TOWN TOO.>>NEXT, WE’RE HEADING TO MARION UNION STATION. AND THEN, THE HUMBLE BEGINNINGS OF THE REFECTORY. ABOUT AN HOUR NORTHEAST OF PLAIN CITY IS MARION, OHIO, PROBABLY BEST KNOWN FOR BEING
    THE RESIDENCE OF PRESIDENT WARREN^G.^HARDING BEFORE HE BECAME THE 29th PRESIDENT. OVER 600,000^PEOPLE CAME TO VISIT THE HARDING HOME IN MARION FOR HIS FAMOUS FRONT PORCH CAMPAIGN IN 1920. AND IF THEY CAME BY TRAIN, THEY PASSED THROUGH MARION UNION STATION. ARCHITECTURAL HISTORIAN JEFF^DARBEE WENT TO VISIT THIS HISTORIC TRAIN STATION, WHICH IS
    STILL STANDING TODAY.>>MARION IS THE SEED OF MARION COUNTY IN
    NORTH CENTRAL OHIO AND WAS THE HOME OF WARREN^G.^HARDING, OUR 29th PRESIDENT. AND HIS HOME FROM WHEN HE WAS A RESIDENT IN MARION, RAN THE NEWSPAPER HERE, HAS BEEN PRESERVED. AND HE IS ALSO MEMORIALIZED IN THE HARDING MEMORIAL, HIS GRAVESITE WHICH IS ON THE EDGE
    ON THE TOWN, THE SOUTH END OF TOWN. MARION WAS A MAJOR RAILROAD HUB AND STILL
    IS, HISTORICALLY. AND QUITE A BIT OF ACTIVITY THERE. AND A LOCAL GROUP HAS PRESERVED OLD UNION STATION. THE LAST TRAIN THROUGH IT WAS IN 1971^ALTHOUGH PLENTY OF FREIGHT TRAINS STILL GO BY. SO WE WILL BE VISITING THAT AND TALKING ABOUT THE PRESERVATION OF THAT AND ALSO AN ANCILLARY STRUCTURE CALLED AC TOWER WHICH WE WILL EXPLAIN ONCE WE GET TO MARION UNION STATION. PETE, HELLO, GOOD TO SEE YOU.>>HI JEFF, GOOD TO SEE YOU.>>YES. SO, MARION UNION STATION. I’M GLAD TO BE HERE. I’M SURE THERE’S A LOT TO LEARN ABOUT THE
    PLACE.>>WELL, YES.>>STARTING WITH, WHEN WAS IT BUILT.>>IT WAS BUILT IN 1902.>>OKAY, AND IT’S UNION BECAUSE^–>>GENERALLY ON THE RAILROAD WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT A UNION STATION IT MEANS IT SERVED A NUMBER OF THE RAILROADS.>>OKAY, SO THERE WERE SEVERAL HERE IN MARION?>>YES.>>OKAY. WELL, THE ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS ARE WONDERFUL. IT’S CERTAINLY A PRODUCT OF ITS TIME. THIS IS THE TICKET BOOTH HERE.>>WELL, THE TICKET WINDOWS OR THE TICKET
    OFFICE.>>TICKET OFFICE.>>YES.>>SO THIS WAS THE MAIN WAITING ROOM.>>THIS WAS THE MAIN WAITING ROOM, YES.>>WHAT SORT OF^– HOW MANY TRAINS WOULD COME THROUGH, SAY, IN THE OLD DAYS, LIKE 40^OR
    50^YEARS AGO?>>ABOUT 55^YEARS AGO, THERE WERE ABOUT 16^PASSENGER TRAINS A DAY THAT STOPPED HERE.>>MY GOODNESS. THAT’S A LOT. NOW IT’S ALL FREIGHT TRAINS.>>NOW IT’S ALL FREIGHT TRAINS.>>STILL VERY BUSY.>>YES, LOT OF FREIGHT TRAINS PASS HERE.>>WELL, TELL ME ABOUT MARION UNION STATION ASSOCIATION.>>IT WAS FORMED IN THE MID 1980’S, SOME 15^YEARS AFTER THE STATION WAS ABANDONED. AND SO THAT MADE IT VERY DIFFICULT TO BRING
    BACK AN ABANDONED BUILDING. ROOF WAS LEAKING TERRIBLY, AND OF COURSE,
    NO UTILITIES OR HEAT AND THE BUILDING HAD GOTTEN
    IN TERRIBLE CONDITION. AND MOST OF THE ORIGINAL RAILROAD STUFF HAD WALKED OFF. THESE ARE CHURCH PEWS FROM ST. MARY’S.>>SO THESE SIMULATE WHAT YOU MIGHT HAVE SAT ON^–>>YES.>>BUT NOT THE ACTUAL BENCHES THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN HERE.>>RIGHT, THAT IS AN ORIGINAL BENCH OVER THERE
    IN THAT CORNER.>>OKAY, SO THAT’S WHAT WAS ACTUALLY HERE
    IN THE BUILDING.>>THERE WERE THREE BIG ROWS OF THEM HERE.>>I SEE.>>THE SKYLIGHT’S INTERESTING. IT WAS RESTORED ABOUT TWELVE YEARS AGO.>>NOW THAT’S THE ORIGINAL SKYLIGHT.>>YES.>>YOU FOUND ALL THE PIECES^–>>YES.>>THAT HAD BEEN DAMAGED, OR WAS IT JUST SORT
    OF DIRTY.>>YOU KNOW, STAIN GLASS PEOPLE, THEY CAN
    MATCH ANYTHING.>>WELL, IT’S TRUE, BUT THIS WAS THE ORIGINAL DESIGN WITH THESE SORT OF^–>>YES.>>THE SUNRISE DESIGN WITH THE GREEN.>>AND FORTUNATELY IT’S ALWAYS HAD A REAL
    ROOF OVER IT. IT’S ALL^– THE RAILROADS LIT IT ELECTRICALLY AND SO DO
    WE.>>OKAY, SO IT WASN’T ACTUALLY A SKYLIGHT.>>YEAH.>>IT WAS ARTIFICIALLY LIGHTED FROM THE BEGINNING.>>YES.>>THAT’S INTERESTING, CAUSE THEY WEREN’T
    ALWAYS DONE THAT WAY.>>YEAH.>>AND THEN THE TICKET WINDOWS ARE WONDERFUL. THAT’S ALL^– IT LOOKS LIKE IT’S OAK, VARNISHED
    OAK.>>YES, THE TICKET WINDOWS, IWAS TOLD THAT
    UNTIL WORLD WAR II, THERE WERE TWO TICKET CLERKS
    HERE. BUT THEN AFTER THE WAR AND PASSENGER TRAFFIC DIED OFF, I REMEMBER JUST THE ONE TICKET WINDOW ON THE LEFT BEING OPEN.>>SO THIS FLOOR, THIS TILE FLOOR LOOKS LIKE
    IT MUST BE ORIGINAL.>>THE FLOOR IS ORIGINAL. YOU CAN SEE A LOT OF PATCHES IN IT WHERE THE RAILROAD MADE SOME PATCHES. IT WAS VERY HARD ON IT THE 15^YEARS THE PLACE WAS ABANDONED, BECAUSE WATER WAS RUNNING OVER THE FLOOR AND FREEZING. SO IT’S AMAZING IT SURVIVED. AN INTERESTING THING TO THINK ABOUT IN 1902^WHEN THESE WERE LAID, THEY DIDN’T COME GLUED TOGETHER IN SHEETS. THESE WERE LAID INDIVIDUALLY.>>ONE BY ONE.>>AND EVERY ROOM IN THE BUILDING HAS A DIFFERENT PATTERN AND A DIFFERENT COLOR.>>THE BUILDING ITSELF IS FASCINATING. IT HAS ITS OWN STORY TO TELL, BUT YOU’VE^–
    YOU AS A GROUP HAVE COLLECTED A LOT OF THINGS.>>THERE’S QUITE A COLLECTION HERE.>>SO THIS REALLY IS A MUSEUM AS WELL. THERE’S A LOT YOU CAN LEARN ABOUT OHIO RAILROADING^–>>YES.>>HERE AT UNION STATION.>>YES.>>WELL MAYBE WE CAN TAKE A LOOK AT SOME OF
    THE OTHER THINGS. I’D LOVE TO SEE THOSE.>>IN THE DAYS WHEN THE STATION WAS OPEN,
    THIS ROOM WAS THE WOMEN’S LOUNGE.>>UH-HUH.>>AND THERE WERE FOLDING DOORS THERE AND
    THE MEN DID NOT COME BEYOND THOSE FOLDING DOORS.>>RIGHT.>>THAT’S SO A YOUNG MOTHER WITH BABY COULD COME OUT HERE IN THE ROCKING CHAIRS AND GET AWAY FROM THE SMOKE IN THE WAITING ROOM BUT WHEN WE GOT THE STATION ALL THE FURNITURE
    WAS GONE. WE MADE IT OUR DISPLAY ROOM FOR INTERLOCKING MACHINES AND THE OLDER STYLE SIGNALS, WHICH ARE DONE AWAY WITH NOW.>>NOW EXPLAIN WHAT AN INTERLOCKING MACHINE
    IS.>>INTERLOCKING MACHINE, IT GET ITS NAME INTERLOCKING BECAUSE WHEN YOU PULL THE LEVERS, YOU CAN’T RUN A TRAIN INTO THE SIDE OF ANOTHER ONE. IT’S A VERY EARLY FORM OF MECHANICAL COMPUTER. SO AT A PLACE LIKE MARION, YOU GOT A BUNCH
    OF TRACKS CROSSING.>>YES.>>AND YOU CAN ONLY LET ONE TRAIN GO AT A
    TIME SO THEY DON’T RUN INTO EACH OTHER.>>RIGHT.>>SO THE INTERLOCKING SYSTEM BASICALLY ALLOWED ONE PARTICULAR ROUTE AND LOCKED OUT ALL THE OTHER ROUTES^–>>RIGHT.>>TO KEEP TRAINS FROM DOING WHAT THEY SHOULDN’T DO. IS THAT ESSENTIALLY IT?>>THAT’S IT.>>AND THAT’S WHAT ALL THIS EQUIPMENT IS RELATED TO, THE SIGNALS THAT TELL YOU WHETHER TO STOP OR GO OR SLOW DOWN.>>THESE MACHINES CAME OUT OF ALL DIFFERENT TOWERS.>>WELL SPEAKING OF TOWERS AND CONTROLS AND
    SO ON, YOU ACTUALLY WORKED IN THE CONTROL TOWER, THE INTERLOCKING TOWER HERE IN MARION.>>I DID.>>AND THAT’S AC TOWER.>>ITS AC TOWER.>>AND THAT STANDS FOR WHAT?>>IT STOOD FOR ATLANTIC CROSSING AND EVERY TOWER^– IT GOES BACK TO THE TELEGRAPH AGE
    WITH THE MORSE CODE. EVERY TOWER HAD CALL LETTER SO WHEN THE DISPATCHER WHO WAS YOUR BOSS WANTED TO GET
    A HOLD OF YOU, ALL HE HAD TO DO WAS PUT THOSE
    TWO LETTERS ON THE MORSE CODE AND YOU KNOW HE
    WAS CALLING YOU.>>WELL, IT WOULDN’T BE A COMPLETE TOUR
    WITHOUT A VISIT TO AC TOWER.>>RIGHT.>>AND YOU’VE GOT THE KEY I ASSUME? YOU REMEMBER HOW TO RUN THE MACHINE?>>YES. YES.>>LET’S GO HAVE A LOOK.>>OKAY. ALL RIGHT.>>LEAD THE WAY.>>OKAY.>>OH MY, LOOK AT THIS. THIS IS-THIS IS EXACTLY HOW IT WAS SET UP
    WHEN IT WAS IN USE. IT’S REMARKABLE IT SURVIVED INTACT LIKE
    THIS. BUT, OF COURSE IT WAS IN OPERATION UNTIL THE
    DAY IT WAS READY TO MOVE I ASSUME.>>NOT QUITE. IT CLOSED^– THIS CLOSED IN JANUARY OF 1995. AND WE SAVED IT AND MOVED IT OVER HERE THANKSGIVING OF 1999.>>OH, OKAY.>>BUT, FORTUNATELY THE RAILROADS LEFT THE ELECTRIC ON, SO IT LOOKED LIT. IT LOOKED OCCUPIED. SO, IT REMAINED INTACT UNTIL WE GOT IT.>>SO, IT REALLY HAD BEEN ABANDONED, BUT YOU
    GOT IT TIME.>>YES. IN TIME.>>AND THIS IS THE ORIGINAL MACHINE?>>THIS IS THE ORIGINAL MACHINE.>>THIS IS REALLY REMARKABLE. THIS IS-THIS IS THE INTERLOCKING MACHINE.>>THE LEVERS CONTROLLED THE SWITCHES AND
    THE SIGNALS AND GUIDED THE TRAINS THROUGH THIS JUNCTION. THIS IS THE OLDEST MACHINE WE HAVE. IT WAS BUILT IN 1902, THE SAME YEAR AS THE
    STATION.>>THAT’S REMARKABLE.>>AND IT WAS IN USE 24^HOURS A DAY FROM 1902^UNTIL IT CLOSED IN 1995.>>WOW. 93^YEARS IN USE.>>YES. [^TRAIN WHISTLE^]>>AND I THINK I HEAR A TRAIN COMING.>>WE HEAR A TRAIN COMING. YES.>>WELL, IT’S JUST LIKE IT’S STILL IN
    USE. [^LAUGHTER^] SO, WHY DON’T YOU SET THE PLANT UP SO THE
    TRAIN CAN GO THROUGH?>>OKAY. I’LL TURN IT ON. AND THAT TRAIN IS COMING THROUGH OVER HERE.>>OH YEAH.>>AND HE’S ON THAT TRACK, SO WE’LL PUT
    HIM ON THE BOARD LIKE THIS. AND YOU SEE AS THE TRAIN ADVANCES THROUGH,
    IT DROPS THE TRACK CIRCUITS. IT SHOWS THE TRACK CIRCUITS OCCUPIED.>>SO, THIS IS SHOWING THE TRACK^–>>THAT’S SHOWING THAT TRAIN GOING THROUGH.>>THE TRAIN IS ACTUALLY OCCUPYING^–>>AND HERE COMES ONE OVER HERE. WE’RE GONNA PUT HIM ON THE BOARD.>>SO, THEY’RE COMING THROUGH AT THE SAME
    TIME?>>YES THEY ARE.>>THIS IS A RAIL FAN’S DELIGHT.>>YES IT IS.>>SO, IT’S A BUSY RAILROAD JUNCTION STILL.>>IT’S STILL A BUSY SPOT. YEAH.>>NOW, THERE’S NOT MUCH LOCAL TRAFFIC I
    ASSUME WITH THE MARION POWER SHOVEL GONE.>>ACTUALLY, THERE IS A FAIR AMOUNT OF LOCAL TRAFFIC.>>IS THERE? WHAT SORT OF BUSINESS?>>GRAIN. AND ETHANOL.>>OKAY.>>AND STEEL. THERE’S TWO SMALL STEEL PLANTS HERE.>>OH, REALLY? I DIDN’T REALIZE.>>YES.>>OKAY. SO, THERE’S SOME TRAFFIC COMING INTO AND
    OUT OF MARION ITSELF.>>YEAH, THERE IS. WELL, THAT REALLY WAS A TREAT TO HAVE TWO TRAINS GOING BY AT THE SAME TIME, SEEING HOW THEY RUN ACROSS THE BOARD. NOW, PEOPLE CAN VISIT BOTH THE STATION AND
    THE TOWER, RIGHT?>>RIGHT.>>WHEN YOU’RE OPEN. BUT, PEOPLE ARE WELCOME ON THE GROUNDS EVEN
    IF YOU’RE NOT OPEN.>>OH, RIGHT.>>STAY BACK FROM THE TRACKS. STAY BEHIND THE FENCE. BE SAFE.>>RIGHT. RIGHT.>>KNOW WHAT YOU’RE DOING.>>YES.>>OKAY, WELL, IT’S BEEN SUCH A GREAT VISIT. THANKS SO MUCH FOR^–>>WELL, THANK YOU FOR COMING.>>FOR A RAIL FAN LIKE ME, THIS IS A LITTLE
    BIT OF HEAVEN. [^CHUCKLING^] AND I’VE ALWAYS LIKE MARION. I ALWAYS LIKED UNION STATION. AND I REALLY HAVE TO SALUTE YOU FOR WHAT YOU’VE ACCOMPLISHED.>>WELL, THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>>WE’RE HEADING BACK TOWARDS COLUMBUS
    TO VISIT “THE REFECTORY” ON BETHEL ROAD, WHICH WAS ONCE A MUCH BELOVED, COMMUNITY CHURCH. JAVIER HAD A CHANCE TO SIT DOWN WITH OWNER KAMAL^BOULOS TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT THE BUILDING’S ARCHITECTURE AND HISTORY.>>>WE’RE AT “THE REFECTORY” ON BETHEL
    ROAD. AT THE HEART OF ITS CULINARY EXPERIENCE IS
    CHEF RICHARD^BLONDIN WHO HAS BEEN TRAINED UNDER WORLD RENOWNED CHEFS AND BLENDS AMERICAN AND FRENCH CUISINE ALONG WITH HIS OWN PERSONAL TOUCHES. THE FOOD AND THE WORLD CLASS WINE CELLAR PERFECTLY COMPLIMENTS THE ATMOSPHERE OF THE BUILDING WHICH DATES BACK TO 1853. TODAY I’M MEETING WITH OWNER AND CEO KAMAL^BOULOS TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT ITS UNIQUE HISTORY.>>THIS BUILDING BEHIND US WAS BUILT IN THE
    1850s. IT WAS A ONE ROOM BRICK SCHOOLHOUSE. IMAGINE BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR BEGAN THIS BUILDING WAS BUILT. IT WAS ALWAYS ON THESE GROUNDS. THEY ACTUALLY FORMED AND FIRED THE BRICKS
    ON SITE. SO, ALL THE DARKER BRICK WAS ACTUALLY CLOSER
    TO THE FIRE. AND WHEN THIS WAS OPENED AS A RESTAURANT,
    THIS WAS THE ENTIRE RESTAURANT. A LOT OF HISTORY. A LOT OF HISTORY FOR SURE. AND THEN THE OTHER WING OF THE BUILDING WAS THE SANCTUARY OF A METHODIST CHURCH. BUT, THE RAILROAD WENT IN THE 1870s. AND THEY FOUND THAT FRAME STRUCTURE WAS TOO CLOSE TO THE RAILROAD TRACKS. AND THEY USED TO STOP THE CHURCH SERVICE EVERY TIME A TRAIN WENT BY.>>RIGHT.>>SO, THEY GOT TIRED OF DOING THAT AND THEN EVENTUALLY MOVED THIS STRUCTURE WITH HORSES.>>WOW.>>AND THEY INCHED IT OVER^–>>ENTIRE THING?>>YEAH. THEY INCHED IT OVER LITTLE BY LITTLE. WE PUT IN THE BRICK ON THE INTERIOR TO MATCH
    THE OTHER BRICK. SO, THIS DOOR WAS WHERE THE CONGREGATION CAME
    IN. THEY FACED THE FRONT. AND THEN THEY EVENTUALLY JOINED THE TWO BUILDINGS TOGETHER.>>OKAY.>>AND IT WAS ACTUALLY IN USE AS A CHURCH
    FROM THE 1850s UNTIL THE 1960s.>>OKAY.>>YEAH, AMAZING. IN FACT, JUST A FEW WEEKS AGO THEY CELEBRATED THEIR 175TH ANNIVERSARY AS A CHURCH.>>AS A CHURCH? OKAY, THE CHURCH STILL EXISTS.>>YEAH, THE CHURCH STILL EXISTS.>>BUT, IT’S IN A DIFFERENT^–>>EXACTLY. IT RELOCATED JUST UP THE STREET FROM US. IT’S NOW THE BETHEL UNITED INTERNATIONAL METHODIST CHURCH. AND THIS PARTICULAR BUILDING, ANOTHER INTERESTING FACET WAS THAT ONE OF THE MEMBERS OF THE CONGREGATION DONATED HIS WOOD TO BUILD THIS FRAME BUILDING.>>OH WOW.>>AND INSTRUCTED THE FOLKS THAT WERE CUTTING THE TREES TO GO TO ONE SIDE OF THE STREAM
    WHERE THE TREES EXISTED. AND THEY WENT TO THE OPPOSITE SIDE AND THEY
    CUT DOWN HIS VALUABLE WALNUT TREES. SO, THIS BUILDING^–>>HE WAS NOT HAPPY.>>^–CONSTRUCTED WITH WALNUT.>>OH MY GOODNESS. THIS IS AMAZING. NOW, WHAT DO WE HAVE HERE?>>THIS IS OUR VEGETARIAN PRESENTATION, THAT DOES CHANGE EVERY NOW AND THEN. SO, THE CHEF ALWAYS PREPARES SOME VARIETY
    OF INTERESTING THINGS SO YOU JUST DON’T HAVE
    ONE ITEM ON THE PLATE.>>IT’S ABSOLUTELY BEAUTIFUL.>>YEAH. AND HE ALWAYS^– OBVIOUSLY AS YOU DO WITH A LOT OF^– ALL THE FRENCH FOOD, VERY EXQUISITELY AND ARTISTICALLY ARRANGED.>>CHEF^RICHARD IS AN ARTIST.>>HE’S A MASTER.>>AND WHAT ARE YOU GONNA EAT?>>WELL, THIS IS A RACK OF LAMB. IT HAS A NUMBER^– AGAIN, A NUMBER OF INTERESTING COMPONENTS
    ON THE PLATE. INCLUDING THIS LIKE SQUID. AND THEN HE WRAPS THE LAMB IN THIS PARTICULAR MENU WITH A LITTLE BIT OF SEAWEED AND CRUST. SO, IT’S A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT FLAVORS
    AND TEXTURES THAT HE INCORPORATES INTO EVERY PLATE.>>I MEAN, THIS IS ABSOLUTELY BEAUTIFUL. I DON’T KNOW IF I’M SUPPOSED TO EAT IT
    OR TAKE IT HOME AND HANG IT ON MY WALL. YOUR CHEF IS AMAZING. SO, I’M GONNA START WITH THIS.>>LOOKS LIKE SOME PURPLE POTATOES THERE.>>MM. MM. THAT IS REALLY GOOD.>>SO, HE CAME ABOARD HERE IN 1992. AND JUST TOTALLY TRANSFORMED OUR RESTAURANT.>>WOW.>>I MEAN, WE ALWAYS HAD GOOD FOOD. BUT, HE TOOK IT FROM GOOD TO GREAT.>>WOW.>>JUST EXTRAORDINARY. AND WE’VE BEEN WORKING TOGETHER FOR 26^YEARS. AND WE EVERY COUPLE WEEKS I SEE HIM DO SOMETHING THAT HE’S NEVER DONE BEFORE. WHEN I THINK OF HIM, I THINK OF A CULINARY ATHLETE.>>HE’S ALWAYS TRYING TO TAKE IT TO THE
    NEXT LEVEL.>>ALWAYS. YEAH.>>YOU ALL ARE INVOLVED IN LOCAL FARMING AS
    WELL, RIGHT? TELL ME ABOUT THAT.>>WELL, WHEN THE CHEF FIRST CAME HERE HE DEVELOPED A NETWORK OF FARMERS. AND WAS VERY LOW KEY ABOUT IT. YOU KNOW, WE JUST STARTED CONTACTING PEOPLE AND THERE WERE PEOPLE THAT WOULD SHOW UP ON OUR BACK DOORWAY. AND HE WOULD BUY WHATEVER THEY HAD. HE HAD NO IDEA WHAT THEY WERE BRINGING SOMETIMES. AND WE’VE CONTINUED THAT PROCESS. IN FACT, WE JUST NOW WITHIN THE LAST MONTH CONNECTED WITH A LOCAL FARMER THAT’S GROWING^- OR RAISING AS I SHOULD SAY LAMB FOR US.>>SO, IT MEANS A LOT TO YOU TO STAY CONNECTED
    TO THE COMMUNITY.>>ABSOLUTELY. ABSOLUTELY.>>YEAH, YEAH. NOW, WHERE DOES THAT COME FROM? WHY IT IS IT SO IMPORTANT TO YOU?>>WELL, I THINK PART OF IT IS HERITAGE AND
    CULTURE. AND PART OF IT TO SOME DEGREE IS MY BACKGROUND AS WELL. SO, YOU KNOW, THESE DAYS YOU CAN GET REALLY ANYTHING FOR ANYWHERE ON THE GLOBE OVERNIGHTED TO YOU. BUT, IT’S MUCH BETTER TO HAVE A LOCAL COMMUNITY AND HELP SUSTAIN THAT MOVEMENT. AND YOU KNOW, YOU HAVE A MUCH BETTER IDEA
    OF THE SOURCE ALSO.>>SO, NOW THE NAME “REFECTORY,” WHERE
    DID THAT COME FROM?>>WELL, IT MEANS A DINING HALL IN A CHURCH,
    OR A MONASTERY, OR A CONVENT.>>OH, OKAY.>>HENCE THE HISTORY OF THE BUILDING.>>WHAT DO YOU HOPE THAT PEOPLE THAT COME
    HERE TO “THE REFECTORY,” WHAT DO YOU HOPE THEY
    WALK AWAY WITH IN TERMS OF A FEELING OR AN EXPERIENCE?>>WELL, FOR US WE TRY TO CREATE A SANCTUARY WHERE PEOPLE CAN COME IN, RELAX, AND DINE. THIS IS OBVIOUSLY A CELEBRATION OF LIFE. AND WE PUT IN A LOT OF CARE, AND THOUGHT,
    AND METICULOUS ATTENTION TO DETAIL TO THE FOOD. TO SOURCING IT, TO EXECUTING IT. AS WELL THE SERVICE. AS WE THE WINE. AS WELL SOMETHING THAT REALLY COMPLIMENTS THIS AMAZINGLY UNIQUE ATMOSPHERE.>>QUALITY TIME WITH QUALITY FOOD. YOU CAN’T BEAT THAT.>>EXACTLY.>>SO THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR LETTING US COME AND SPEND TIME WITH YOU TODAY. THIS IS REALLY AMAZING. I APPRECIATE IT>>MY PLEASURE.>>>THANKS FOR BEING WITH US. AND REMEMBER YOU CAN CATCH ALL OUR EPISODES ON COLUMBUSNEIGHBORHOODS.ORG. PLUS SEE OUR STORIES ON THE WOSU MOBILE APP. AND YOU CAN FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK, TWITTER
    AND INSTAGRAM. WE’LL SEE YOU BACK HERE NEXT WEEK ON “COLUMBUS NEIGHBORHOODS.”>>Announcer: SUPPORT FOR “COLUMBUS NEIGHBORHOODS” IS PROVIDED BY^– AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER IS PROUD TO SPONSOR WOSU PUBLIC MEDIA “COLUMBUS NEIGHBORHOODS.” WORKING TOGETHER WITH OUR COMMUNITIES, WE’RE COMMITTED TO POWERING A BRIGHT, BOUNDLESS FUTURE FOR US ALL.>>AT OHIO HEALTH, WE BELIEVE ITS IMPORTANT
    TO HAVE A HEALTHY UNDERSTANDING OF THE WORLD AROUND YOU. THAT’S WHY WE’RE PROUD SPONSORS OF WOSU PUBLIC MEDIA AND THEIR WORK TO EDUCATE, ENTERTAIN
    AND INSPIRE THE PEOPLE WE SERVE.>>>BAILEY^CAVALIERI. YOUR RELATIONSHIP WITH YOUR LAW FIRM DOESN’T NEED TO BE COMPLICATED. IT JUST NEEDS TO BE RIGHT.>>>AND BY VIEWERS LIKE YOU. THANK YOU.

    Why Did Abraham Lincoln’s Secret Service Fail?
    Articles, Blog

    Why Did Abraham Lincoln’s Secret Service Fail?

    March 26, 2020


    The assassination of Abraham Lincoln sent
    shockwaves through the country that can still be felt today, a hundred and fifty years later. The country had just been through a brutal
    civil war, the process of Reconstruction was just beginning, and a single gunshot at Ford’s
    Theater robbed the country of its central figure. It was the first successful assassination
    of a US President, but not the last: two more Presidents would be assassinated in the next
    forty years. One question that lingers today is how it
    was allowed to happen. How did a celebrity actor not sympathetic
    to the President’s cause sneak up on the President at a show and assassinate him. Why did President’s Lincoln’s security
    fail that night at Ford’s Theater? The United States Secret Service, tasked with
    protecting the President and other elected leaders as well as finding counterfeit currency
    and removing it from the market, was created on July 5th, 1865. This was only three months after President
    Lincoln was shot. Before that, Presidents weren’t protected
    by a federal agency but by a limited group of bodyguards. This let bad actors get close to Presidents
    with little resistance in a way they would never be able to today. The first attempt on the life of a US President
    wasn’t Lincoln,but happened thirty years earlier against Andrew Jackson. Richard Lawrence, a disgruntled house painter
    with a history of mental illness, attempted twice to shoot the President but the guns
    jammed due to rust. Jackson saw this and chased the would-be assassin
    down, severely beating him with his cane before he was removed. The target was uninjured, but the same couldn’t
    be said for the shooter. Despite this close call, Presidential security
    hadn’t advanced much by the time Abraham Lincoln sat in the White House. He was the most controversial President to
    that date, hated by half the country for his staunch anti-slavery stance and his unwillingness
    to let the Union break up. The Union won the war, but many Confederate
    loyalists were unwilling to accept defeat. That didn’t keep Lincoln from venturing
    out into public with limited security, as most Presidents only went with a single security
    officer or patrolman protecting them. Some past Presidents like Thomas Jefferson
    walked to their own inauguration. It wasn’t unusual that when Lincoln went
    to see a performance of “Our American Cousin”, he only had Officer John Frederick Parker
    of the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia with him. The idea of a Presidential assassination wasn’t
    high on people’s minds in 1865, as neither Lincoln nor his security companion were concerned
    with constant protection. Parker was assigned to guard the theater box
    where Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln and their companions, Henry Rathbone and Clara Harris,
    were seated. While he stayed at his post at the start of
    the play, he would later claim Lincoln had released him at his service at intermission
    and Parker went to a local tavern with some of Lincoln’s servants. He wasn’t at the theater when John Wilkes
    Booth snuck into the President’s box and shot him. The exact circumstances of Parker’s absence
    were hotly debated, and he was placed on trial for dereliction of duty less than a month
    after the assassination. Today, a Secret Service agent leaving their
    post and abandoning the President to get shot would be an open-and-shut case. In 1865, Presidential security was a very
    informal affair and the charges against Parker were quickly dismissed. Not only was he a free man, but Parker was
    assigned to be Mary Todd Lincoln’s bodyguard as she moved out of the White House. While the law had forgiven Parker’s negligence,
    Mrs. Lincoln never would and she made clear she blamed Parker for her husband’s assassination. While some speculated that he may have been
    complicit in the assassination, he was never charged in connection with the criminal conspiracy. The most likely answer for Parker’s role
    in Lincoln’s death is that he was a lazy officer looking for an excuse to beg off work. This theory got a big boost in 1868, when
    his undistinguished career with the police force ended after he was fired for sleeping
    on the job. The lack of protection for Lincoln made his
    assassination easy, but another major factor is that John Wilkes Booth was a very unlikely
    figure for a Presidential assassin. Most would-be assassins are mentally ill,
    political radicals, or have financial grievances against the President. John Wilkes Booth was one of mid-19th century
    America’s most famous and well-regarded actors, one of the prominent Booth theatrical
    family. His sympathies with the Confederates and his
    support for slavery was well-known, but as a member of high society few would have seen
    him as a security risk. His hatred for Lincoln curdled into violence
    when Robert E. Lee surrendered to the Union, and he believed the war was ongoing because
    a sector of the Confederate army led by General Joseph E. Johnston was still fighting. John Wilkes Booth made a uniquely dangerous
    Presidential assassin because of his access to the full floor plan of Ford’s Theater. He was not in the cast of the show at the
    theater that night, but he had been one of the first lead actors to star in a play there
    after it was opened in 1962. He had previously been invited to meet Lincoln
    in his booth while performing there, declining due to his hatred for the President. This gave him the opportunity to case the
    President’s seating area, something that became deadly when he joined an assassination
    plot years later. Booth began conspiring to kill or kidnap Lincoln
    as the 1864 election approached, once Confederate fortunes on the battlefield were waning. He originally planned to assassinate multiple
    figures, including Vice President Andrew Johnson – an anti-slavery Union loyalist – and Secretary
    of State William Seward. Booth put his plan to kill Lincoln into effect
    in a hurry after picking up his mail at the theater and learning Lincoln would be there
    that night. While security was lax, Booth was far more
    thorough than most Presidential assassins. He used his access to the theater to drill
    a hole into the door of the Presidential box, letting him spy on the first family and pick
    the perfect time to make his move. He deputized two of his co-conspirators, George
    Atzerdot and Lewis Powell, to assassinate the other targets. Atzerdot backed out, and Powell nearly murdered
    Seward at his own home before being wrestled away by the Secretary of State’s son. It was only Booth who successfully hit his
    target, shooting Abraham Lincoln in the back of the head while shouting the line that would
    become famous – “Sic Semper Tyrannis”. Booth was nearly captured by Major Henry Rathbone
    in the immediate aftermath, but escaped by leaping from the balcony, injuring his leg
    in the process. Lincoln succumbed to his wounds a day later,
    and the pursuit of the assassin and his co-conspirators was one of the biggest manhunts in American
    history at the time. Booth’s co-conspirators were quickly rounded
    up, but Booth stayed on the lam for over a week before being shot in a standoff with
    Union soldiers. Eight co-conspirators were tried, with Powel,
    Atzerodt, David Herold, and Mary Surrat being sentenced to death by hanging. In the angry atmosphere after the assassination,
    even Dr. Samuel Mudd, who treated the injured Booth, was convicted and sentenced to life
    imprisonment. He was pardoned in 1869. After Lincoln’s assassination, the importance
    of Presidential security was made clear, but Congress wasn’t quick to act. The country was in shambles and barely functioning
    as a single nation after the civil war, and the priority was on Reconstruction. The Secret Service was founded only months
    after the assassination, but its focus was on fighting counterfeit money. While today counterfeiting is a niche crime
    for small amounts, at the time up to a third of US money was counterfeit. The agency’s mission soon expanded to investigating
    a wide range of federal crimes ranging from illegal gambling to murder. The agency began building a law enforcement
    apparatus, but presidential security was still left to local police departments and private
    security until a pair of assassinations in the latter part of the 19th century made clear
    just how flawed the current system was. President James A. Garfield had only been
    in office for four months when he was ambushed at a train station in Washington, DC by Charles
    J. Guiteau, a disgruntled lawyer who believed he had been instrumental in Garfield’s election
    and deserved a political appointment. He had only been a minor speechwriter and
    had a history of mental illness, and stalked Garfield for weeks before making his move. He shot Garfield twice non-fatally before
    being apprehended, but poor medical treatment led to infections that claimed the President’s
    life 79 days after the shooting. Guiteau was apprehended after the shooting
    by local policeman Patrick Kearney, who didn’t even bother to take the gun off the assassin
    before taking him in. Guiteau was executed for the assassination,
    but many experts say the fault for Garfield’s death lies with his doctors. It was another case of an assassin with a
    grievance getting too close to a President with little to no security. It was only twenty years later when President
    William McKinley became the next President to fall prey to an assassin and lack of security
    in 1901. Just reelected, McKinley was attending the
    Pan-American Exhibition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York when he was targeted
    by anarchist Leon Czolgosz. This was the biggest event where a President
    was targeted yet, making security much more difficult and exposing the President to unfamiliar
    people and lax security at every turn. Czolgosz, who had lost his job in the Panic
    of 1883, managed to shoot McKinley twice, with one bullet becoming lodged in his abdomen. McKinley eventually died from complications
    from his injuries a week after the assassination, and Czolgosz was executed for murder. McKinley was a famously gregarious President
    and didn’t like to be surrounded by security, leaving him more vulnerable. Three assassinations in forty years isn’t
    a coincidence. If you make a mistake at your job once, it
    might be overlooked. Three times, there’s probably going to be
    a change in policy or staffing. Soon after the assassination of McKinley,
    Congress asked the Secret Service to take over protecting the President and his family. Presidential security stopped being a personal
    preference and became an integral part of the job. Secret Service agents foiled an assassination
    attempt on Harry Truman in 1950 by Puerto Rican extremists. One of the heroic agents, Leslie Coffelt,
    is the only Secret Service agent to die in the process of stopping a Presidential assassination. Presidential assassination attempts remained
    commonplace through the 20th century, but were less successful. The fourth and final assassination of a President,
    the murder of John F. Kennedy by Lee Harvey Oswald, was the only one done from afar. Oswald used a sniper rifle against Kennedy
    from a nearby building, aiming at the passing motorcade. This led the Secret Service to start enforcing
    stricter security along the paths of the Presidential motorcade. The Kennedy family had another major impact
    on Secret Service policy after the assassination of Senator Robert Kennedy in 1968, when the
    agency becan offering protection for major party Presidential candidates. The effectiveness of the Secret Service was
    proven in the 1970s and 1980s, when an unstable political climate led to more assassination
    attempts. Manson Family groupie Lynette “Squeaky”
    Fromme approached President Gerald Ford supposedly to make a plea for trees, but quickly pulled
    a gun. She was immediately tackled by Secret Service
    agent Larry Buendorf and disarmed. She never managed to shoot Ford, but was charged
    under a post-Kennedy law that made attempting to assassinate the President a federal crime. Although sentenced to life in prison, she
    was paroled after twenty-nine years and remains the only US would-be assassin to be released
    from prison. A far more serious attempted assassination
    happened less than a decade later when John Hinkley, a mentally ill man obsessed with
    Jodie Foster, shot newly elected President Ronald Reagan only months after his inauguration. Reagan, his Press Secretary James Brady, a
    Secret Service agent, and a local policeman were all injured, but all survived. Agents shielded Reagan from further shots
    and tackled Hinkley, who was eventually found not guilty by reason of insanity and confined
    to a mental institution. Presidential protection has changed with the
    decades, and every attempted assassination led to an update in the security process. So how did Abraham Lincoln, maybe the President
    with the most enemies of any in history, get shot in his theater box with no one noticing? There are many theories about co-conspirators
    and plots, but the most likely answer is that John Wilkes Booth was able to shoot Lincoln
    because no one saw it coming. A celebrity actor who works at the theater
    developing an elaborate plot to kill the President while he watches a play sounds like a conspiracy
    thriller, not history. Every Presidential assassination was a unique
    set of circumstances, and the Secret Service evolves with the time. Their proactive approach now has worked, with
    no assassination attempts since 1981. Alas, for Abraham Lincoln, no one thought
    Presidential security was needed – until it was. Now what we need for you to do is click on
    one of these two videos. Both are going to be great videos we know
    you’ll love, but you have to pick one so choose now!

    Laff Mobb’s Laff Tracks – Boyfriend on Steroids ft. Giulia Rozzi | truTV
    Articles, Blog

    Laff Mobb’s Laff Tracks – Boyfriend on Steroids ft. Giulia Rozzi | truTV

    March 19, 2020


    So, I used to date
    a personal trainer, and he was one of those guys that was obsessed
    with his body and with diet. Every time we’d go
    to a dinner party, he would show up
    with a Tupperware container full of tuna fish. You know those people? And
    he would just be in the corner, like, shoveling it
    down his throat, being like,
    “I need my protein, babe!” And I was like, “Oh, God. This
    is so embarrassing,” you know? Like, “What are you, Heathcliff?
    What are you doing?” He’d just pull a fish bone
    out of his mouth. So, he would eat protein
    and vegetables all week, but then Friday was cheat day. And I was like, “Oh, we get
    to hook up with other people?” And he was like… “No.” [ Laughter ] “Bread.” And I was like,
    “We get to hook up with bread? Like, when are
    we gonna have fun?” I would sometimes feel like
    he would only have sex with me to get in extra cardio,
    because… he would, like, you know, enter but pump and kind of do,
    like, pushups over my body and count the reps every time. And then he would also
    wear ankle weights and a heart-rate monitor. And then, when he was finished, he would just sort of explode
    protein powder all over me. Um… And I was like, “Strawberry. Um, quite delicious.” And then I started to suspect
    that he was on steroids. And I did a little detective
    work, and I figured it out ’cause he got, like,
    really big overnight, and he was angry all the time. And then I found needles
    in the garbage. And I was like,
    “Are you on steroids?” And he very aggressively
    was like, “No!” “Cool, cool, cool!
    That works for me. I don’t want to be alone.
    [ Laughs crazily ] Please don’t leave!” I was in a really bad place. And I —
    [ Chuckles ] Man, self-esteem is a really
    good thing to have, and, uh… [ Laughs ]
    Ooh, it just got so sad. So, I would take him to yoga to
    help him with his anger issues. And I don’t know if you’ve
    ever seen someone on steroids in a yoga class, but it is extremely terrifying. Um, the teacher would be like,
    “Take a deep breath.” And he was like [Shrieks] [ Laughter ] Just ripping mats in half
    with his teeth. I wasn’t allowed back. And I don’t want to make
    the assumption that all personal trainers
    are liars, but I will say,
    I will never date someone who does tuna
    Tupperware again. Thank you so much!

    How the Trans Siberian Railway Changed the World
    Articles, Blog

    How the Trans Siberian Railway Changed the World

    March 17, 2020


    The Trans-Siberian Railway is arguably the
    backbone of Russia’s transport infrastructure. Stretching literally over 9,000 kilometers
    from Moscow’s Yaroslavsky Terminal, the 6-day train ride passes through Perm, Tyumen,
    Omsk, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Ulan Ude, branches off to the Chinese Eastern Railway,
    Khaborovsk, and finally ends in Vladivostok, only 125 kilometers from the border with North
    Korea. The railway was inaugurated in 1916 and is still the longest railway line in the
    world, but construction had taken a quarter of a century and was fraught with worker deaths,
    delays, and overall carnage that likely played a part in ending the empire it sought to connect. If there’s anything basically anyone knows
    about Russia, it’s that Russia is big– hell, I remember first learning about Russia
    as a kid just because it was the biggest country on Earth– and yet Siberia is incredibly spread
    out and many of Russia’s cities are some of the most remote in the world, even to this
    day. In the late 19th century this posed a major problem to the Russian Empire, since
    it would often take months for commands from St. Petersburg to arrive on the Pacific coast,
    by which time these possessions could have theoretically been captured by Japan or another
    proximal power. Russia first conquered these lands to protect their heartland, but now
    found themselves needing a way to protect these territories. By this time, many countries
    had connected themselves by railway, Britain and Germany had already done it for decades,
    and the United States and Canada had also connected major population centers, including
    trans-continental railroads connecting the Atlantic with the Pacific in 1869 and 1885
    respectively, each crowning achievements for these vast nations.
    At the time Siberia was barely connected through roads barely suitable for stagecoaches, which
    obviously would not do for such a vast territory. Russia however was somewhat behind Western
    Europe and North America when it came to railway technology however. Nonetheless, construction
    started in 1891 under orders from Tsar Nicholas II, the project managed by Sergei Witte. Witte
    divided the project into multiple sections, much like the similar projects undertaken
    in North America, but with a few differences. The most notable difference was that Russia
    wasn’t nearly as rich as the US or Canada, meaning that Witte had to take drastic cost-cutting
    measures, notably with the rails themselves, which used cheaper iron rails on ⅔ the amount
    of ties normally used, and crossing rivers on bridges made of wood, with stone and iron
    only being used for the toughest river crossings. On these rails, trains were expected to only
    reach a top speed of around 25 km/h. The project experienced huge roadblocks (or
    I guess railblocks) from swamps and mountains to completely half-assed land surveys, but
    one notable obstacle was Lake Baikal, being way too wide and deep to cross by bridge and
    too long to simply go around at this stage. The initial solution was to build a boat that
    would ferry the train across the lake to continue its journey. The ferry that would take this
    task was the SS Baikal, and my god was it a cluster… oh right I don’t swear on the
    channel anymore… clusterfrick? Does that work? The SS Baikal was built in Newcastle
    upon Tyne, and although the vessel was very much seaworthy, there was one major problem:
    Lake Baikal isn’t connected to the sea. This meant that the ship had to be disassembled
    and put onto the existing sections of the Trans-Siberian to be hauled all the way over
    to Lake Baikal. Unfortunately, although the vessel was indeed seaworthy, it was quickly
    proven that seaworthy and Lake Baikal-worthy are two very different things, since Lake
    Baikal was rougher and froze much thicker than originally thought. With this, it was
    decided “Screw this, let’s just go around”. After traversing Lake Baikal, the project
    was granted permission from China to build through Manchuria, splitting into two sections
    in Harbin, with one finally finishing in Vladivostok, and the other going to the warmer water port
    at Dalian, where Russia would station a crap-ton of troops. This final section would be revised
    later on after the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05, prompting Russia to downgrade the amount of
    troops in Dalian (wait did I say downgrade? I meant upgrade), and build the Amur Railway
    going around Manchuria instead. The railways essentially had two opening dates,
    with the first edition in 1904 through Manchuria, and then the second in 1916, the railway this
    time wholly within Russian territory. This was right in the middle of World War I however,
    and the Tsar barely had time to enjoy this new railroad before the revolutions of 1917,
    when Vladimir Lenin’s Bolshevik Party stepped onto the scene. This prompted the Russian
    Civil War, in which the new railway would play a big part, even if it couldn’t carry
    all that much at that point. It became a vital line of communication for the White Movement
    fighting against the Bolsheviks… until many important bridges were blown up, severing
    these delicate lines. During the Second World War, the railway initially
    served as an important link between Germany and Japan– since Germany’s westward access
    was more or less cut off by the end of the 30’s– until demonetizing-boy himself Rudolph
    Hodor invaded the Soviet Union and completely screwed that whole thing up. During this time
    though, the railway had also been used by those trying to escape Germany, who used the
    railway to board US-bound boats in Vladivostok. It also became vital connecting the US and
    USSR, seeing as crossing the Atlantic was a lot more dangerous as Germany and Britain
    would sink ships from neutral countries heading toward their enemies, something Japan didn’t
    do to enemy ships, more or less leaving Soviet ships alone. After the war, the line branched
    out to serve more Siberian cities not on the line, and was also rerouted along the Baikal-Amur
    Mainline. Today the Trans-Siberian continues to serve
    its original purpose of connecting the cities and settlements of Siberia to the rest of
    Russia and the outside world, and now serves as a beacon to YouTubers. A one-way ticket
    for the six-day journey will set you back around €500 for a second-class bed, but
    the price is of course a lot lower if you just want to go from Moscow to Novosibirsk
    or Irkutsk to Ulan Ude, as is more often done. Even then, while today it might just be quicker
    and cheaper to fly from Moscow to Vladivostok, the railway also plays an irreplaceable part
    in freight transport, effectively forming the backbone of all Siberian industry, connecting
    Russia’s vast and expansive territory. When the weather gets crappy, surely you need
    things to do to pass the time indoors, right? However, maybe you also want the time you
    spend to be somewhat productive, but perhaps also not too strenuous. If that’s the case,
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    Fernando Alonso m’embarque dans sa GR Yaris et se lâche !
    Articles, Blog

    Fernando Alonso m’embarque dans sa GR Yaris et se lâche !

    March 13, 2020


    Hello. Hello, how are you ? All good? Is it needed? Yeah. Okay? Okay! Thanks. I continue the GR Yaris testing. After the dirt, this is the track. In the first GR Yaris, José Maria López, WTCC world champion. Rally driver Kris Meeke is in the second. And in my GR Yaris, my personal driver… He’s one of the best drivers in the world. You will recognize him instantly. How are you? Fine. Too much grip. He’s here. It was good, right? Fantastic. Thank you Maestro! Thank you. I’m shaking, that was pretty crazy, one of the craziest drives I’ve ever done. It was so close. It was crazy. Taking shortcuts like in Mario Kart. Yes, I guess the drivers had the most fun. Yes. I was a little bit scared, but the driver was like “Oh, just easy”. I like your phone case! So how was it? Amazing, such good fun I didn’t expect to have so much fun, but actually the rain made it really fun. It’s better in the rain. Lots of drifting, lots of racing. So you like that car? Love it, awesome fun. The gravel was actually my most fun. Because I got to sneak in a little drift, getting sideways. So yeah awesome day. Loved it. What a great day. It was nice to meet you. You too! My turn to tell you about this crazy day. I could really see what this GR Yaris was all about. I also drove it by the way. But truly, Alonso in wet conditions and his mates, all competing. It was absolutely insane! They were friends, just having fun. But they were still very competitive. It’s clearly in their genes. They also didn’t care about the rules. Cutting corners and whatnot. Fernando Alonso is known for not smiling. But here he was, having a good time, smiling just as much as I was. I think there’s a reason. It was amazing. I really like the GR Yaris. It is all about old-school mechanical pleasure. It’s 4-wheel drive and a manual gearbox. You can really feel the rally heritage. Toyota is very involved in the WRC, the World Rally Championship. They had the manufacturer title in 2018. You can really feel that expertise in this car. It feels like a rally car, but for the road. The GR Yaris has three modes. You can switch from normal to sport to track-mode. It changes the front and rear torque. Which results in a different handling per mode. The engine is 3-cylinder 1.6L Turbo. It develops 260 horsepower and it makes 360 Nm of torque. The only down side to this car is the sound. Nowadays, it is complicated to create a good big sound. It’s certainly not the sound of a rally car. This GR Yaris, gives me two big reasons to smile. The first one: it goes against the tide of the automotive industry. Most manufacturers are leaving the small hothatch segment. However, Toyota enters through the front door with a bang. Secondly: it’s the return of legends. Toyota was at the top of the sportscar segment a few decades ago. With the Supra and its drift and tuning abilities. An extremely loved car. But also, the Celica GT-Four, which was a proper rally car. This GR Yaris is the spiritual successor, 20 years later. We can only welcome the return of these legends. Today, we had a demonstration that you don’t necessarily need 800 horsepower to go on track. A pocket rocket, friends and some skills. And you can really create memorable moments. Real motorsport fun, just the way I like it.

    TOMICA Thomas & Friends Short 45: The Great Bridge Jump (WOODEN RAILWAY VERSION)
    Articles, Blog

    TOMICA Thomas & Friends Short 45: The Great Bridge Jump (WOODEN RAILWAY VERSION)

    March 6, 2020


    NARRATOR: So even though he wasn’t fully repaired Thomas was sent to take Gordon the part he needed Thomas was sent to take Gordon the part he needed
    “DieselD199’s TOMICA Thomas & Friends” He raced right down the Mainline to get to the bridge “Short 45: The Great Bridge Jump” But then there was trouble (gasps) THOMAS: Oh no! I’ve got to get across! I can’t stop now! Woah! Ow! Argh! Ugh! Ugh, gosh darn it Subtitles by DieselD199