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    Unsolved Mysteries with Robert Stack – Season 2, Episode 5 – Full Episode
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    Unsolved Mysteries with Robert Stack – Season 2, Episode 5 – Full Episode

    August 20, 2019


    ANNOUNCER: This program is about unsolved mysteries. Whenever possible, the actual family members and police officials have participated in recreating the events. What you are about to see is not a news broadcast. ROBERT STACK: For over 100 years, the residents of a tiny Texas town have witnessed mysterious lights hovering in the distance. They call them ghost lights, and tonight for the first time we present evidence that these ghost lights are real. $250,000 of platinum vanished from a Pennsylvania factory, and so did security guard Dale Kerstetter. Video cameras recorded the robbery. Was Kerstetter abducted, or was he an accomplice? We’ll ask you to join the war on drugs with a profile of Salvatore Caruana, the head of a drug smuggling ring, who allegedly possesses information that could put major organized crime figures behind bars. On a previous broadcast, we told how, during the 1920s, hundreds of orphans from the streets of New York were put on trains and taken to the Midwest to begin new lives with new families. In many cases, brothers and sisters were separated. Tonight, thanks to our viewers, the heartwarming reunion two orphan train children who haven’t seen each other for 60 years. Join me. You may be able to help solve a mystery. Saturday, September 12, 1987 began as a typical work day for Dale Kerstetter, a 50 year old security guard and maintenance man who worked for 27 years in the Corning Glass Works plant in Bradford, Pennsylvania. At 11:00 PM, Kerstetter began his shift as a weekend security guard. That night, $250,000 worth of platinum pipe vanished from the plant, and Dale Kerstetter was never seen again. Pound for pound, platinum is one of the most precious commodities in the world. It is even more expensive than gold. In addition to its beauteous jewelry, platinum is widely used in manufacturing. After Dale Kerstetter and a fortune in platinum pipe disappeared from the Corning factory, authorities were mystified. Was Kerstetter the unwitting victim of a robbery, or had he engineered the heist himself? Dale Kerstetter grew up in Bradford, and except for his years in the Air Force, lived there all his life. Kerstetter had been divorced for 10 years, and his teenage son still lived with him. Four of his five daughters also lived in Pennsylvania. He was very compassionate, honest, liked to have fun, loved the outdoors. He was very faithful to everybody, and he hated to lie. He never believed in lying. He’s just a great father. I mean, there wasn’t a kid in the world that wouldn’t want to have him as their dad. C. DALE PARRY: Dale was a marginal employee. Yeah, he was a slow worker, and, yeah, we had some problems with him occasionally, but at the same time, we’re looking at an employee, who, at the risk of his own life, probably saved half a dozen lives and hundreds of thousands of dollars of property value. We had an incident several years ago where a forklift– that accidentally rolled underneath a stream of hot molten glass, and the glass was actually pouring down onto the propane tank in the back of the forklift. Dale immediately jumped onto the forklift and drove it out from underneath the hot stream of glass. So you can look at him one side and see where he might get involved in something like this. At the same time, maybe he wouldn’t. ROBERT STACK: Sunday morning, September 13. When security guard John Linquist arrived at 7:00 AM, he expected to find Dale Kerstetter waiting to be relieved. JOHN LINQUIST: He usually sat right inside the door, and he wasn’t there. So I walked to the cafeteria, and I see his lunch pail setting on the table. I happened to pick up the newspaper, and there the keys was. So then I looked in his lunch pail, and I see it was all– everything was there. He hadn’t ate. ROBERT STACK: Later Sunday morning, Kerstetter’s new pick-up truck was discovered in the parking lot, and the police were called to investigate. Yeah, the keys are still in it. ROBERT STACK: The truck yielded a number of clues that suggested Kerstetter had not disappeared voluntarily. His keys were in the ignition. He had left behind a full Carton of cigarettes, an empty holster from his .22 caliber pistol, and his daypack. [BARKING] On Sunday afternoon, the Sheriff’s canine unit was brought in to track Kerstetter in the 112,000 square foot factory. Police were concerned that Kerstetter might have suffered a heart attack, or fallen and injured himself somewhere in the vast building. [INAUDIBLE]. The dog led police to the second floor. [BARKING] This was the site of the plant’s glass kiln, also known as the tank. [BARKING] Although the tank contained valuable platinum pipe, it was not normally on Kerstetter’s security rounds. Kerstetter’s scent was found at the tank, but he was nowhere in the building. POLICE OFFICER: Something here? [BARKING] ROBERT STACK: The investigation next focused on the three security cameras that monitor the factory around the clock. Personnel manager Patrick Foley was surprised and disturbed by what the cameras had recorded. We have recreated the key sequences found on the tapes. PATRICK FOLEY: The first thing I saw was a masked man in the back of the plant in the one area. When I saw the masked man on the tape, I was very alarmed. At first, I thought, well obviously this person– there’s been some– some foul play. Dale was involved in foul play, and he– and he probably is missing. And then Dale Kerstetter came back and met this masked person in the back of the plant. I– I guess I would say I had a very empty feeling in my stomach. I said, what on earth? And then as I continued to review the tapes, and I saw the masked person come back out and go up to the tank area, then I was extremely anxious, because at that time, I realized that, not only did we have a missing employee, we also– there was a good possibility that we had missing platinum in the plant. Whoever removed the platinum from the tank was extremely familiar with the plant, everything in the plant. They knew exactly where to go. You have to remember that this transpired late at night. There were very few lights on in the plant, but yet this person knew exactly where to go, where to find bags that they needed, tools that they needed, how to go up to the tank and move back out of the tank area. ROBERT STACK: The most perplexing moment in the tapes is this interaction between the guard and the intruder. Is Kerstetter being coerced or simply pretending to be coerced? At one point, he looks directly into the camera. Was Kerstetter secretly signaling for help, or was he coolly flaunting his crime? PENNY A. BAPTISTE: If he was involved, why would he willingly walk in front of a camera knowing that it was there? He knew the camera was there. Why wouldn’t an attempt have been made to cover the camera? It just doesn’t make sense. I think the fact that he did everything in front of the cameras was, once again, just Dale Kerstetter to say to us, look, hey, here I am. I’m taking your platinum, and there isn’t a thing you can do about it. If he had planned on taking off anywhere, why would he bother packing a lunch. I mean, just little things like that, and a whole carton of cigarettes, and he smoked all the time. I mean, he would have taken his cigarettes. ROBERT STACK: Kerstetter’s daughters believe he was an innocent victim. According to their theory, Kerstetter heard or saw the masked intruder and went to investigate. The intruder, fearing discover and intent on his robbery, may have murdered Dale Kerstetter. One camera shows the intruder wheeling out a heavy bag on a manual forklift. MAX J. BIZZAK: There’s a very good possibility that bag could contain the platinum, or there’s a very good possibility that that bag could contain the body of Dale Kerstetter. Everybody says, oh, keep up hope, but if he was ever in on any of this, this thing that happened, he’s out of his mind. ROBERT STACK: A second theory places Kerstetter at the center of a bold and premeditated robbery. PATRICK FOLEY: Dale was happy as a trades worker. Unfortunately, prior to this incident, he had just been cut out of the trades job, which entailed about a– probably a $5,000 to $7,000 cut for him. He was not a happy person at the time of this theft. MAX J. BIZZAK: Through our investigation, we determined that Dale Kerstetter was approximately $30,000 to $40,000 in arrears on various payments– trailer payments, vehicle payments, and different bills which he had owed throughout the area. PENNY A. BAPTISTE: He had children that could take care of him. I was in a financial position to take care of him. He had stock in Corning. He had money invested. If it got to the point where he really needed money, there was too many ways he could have obtained the money legally. I think that Dale Kerstetter was a very intelligent man in a crafty sort of way. I think that, if he did not plan this thing by himself and do it with an accomplice, I think he was indirectly involved. ROBERT STACK: Dale Kerstetter’s family is anxious to know if he is alive. Whether he committed the crime or not, his family wants to know the truth. PENNY A. BAPTISTE: I don’t care whether he was involved. That’s not going to make me think any less of him or love him any less. What I want to know is what happened. Was he involved? Did he get away with it? Is he dead somewhere? Was he abducted? AL KERSTETTER: I don’t think he’d do it unless he planned on coming back someday. If he’s alive, which I think he is, he’s either in Canada or I’d say in Australia. And I figure in seven years, when the statute of limitations is up, he’ll come back scot-free, and they won’t be able to touch him. I can’t believe that. I can’t believe he was in on that at all. No way, shape, or form. Mm-mm. WENDY KERSTETTER: He had six kids, two grandkids. And to do something like that, and take off, and not call any of them– you know, just take off and never talk to your kids again? I just– No, I just can’t believe it. ROBERT STACK: In the months that followed the theft, Corning sold its Bradford operation, and the new owners have informed us that platinum is no longer used at the facility. Dale Kerstetter’s family continues to hope that he is safe. And if he is alive, Pennsylvania State Police want to question him about his involvement in the events of September 12, 1987. Last August, we featured a story about New York City orphans, who, between 1854 and 1929, were put on trains and taken to the South and Midwest in search of adoptive families. One of the orphan train riders profiled in our story was Sylvia Wemhoff. In 1921, at the age of three, Sylvia got off an orphan train in Columbus, Nebraska, where she was adopted by the John Mick family. SYLVIA WEMHOFF: When I was about 17, 18 years old, then I began to question my Mother Mick whether I had any brothers or sisters, and if so, I wonder if we could ever get together. ROBERT STACK: When Sylvia located her birth certificate, she learned that she was born Stephanie Wolk and that she had an older sibling. For the next 52 years, she searched for the brother or sister she never knew. The day after our broadcast, Sylvia’s search came to an end when she learned that her brother, 72 year old Joseph Wolk, was living in New York City. Wolk’s step daughter had seen our broadcast and recognized the names on Sylvia’s birth certificate. On September 25, Sylvia flew to New York and met her brother Joseph for the first time. Joseph, your sister Sylvia is here. How are you doing? I’m Sylvia. [INAUDIBLE]. Oh, Sylvia. I’m so glad. I’m so happy. I’m so happy, too, to see you. We hugged each other, and we were just really thrilled and happy that we finally, finally got together. I had heard I had a sister, and I was awfully pleased when I saw her and thankful– thankful to God. Yes, that’s me on there. ROBERT STACK: Most brothers and sisters grow up sharing their lives together, but for Sylvia and Joseph, the love and memories are just beginning. The next man we will meet is Francis Murphy. In 1928, when he was 11, he, too, rode the orphan train. His baby sister, Margaret, and his mother, who was too poor to take care of him, were both left behind. FRANCIS MURPHY: When I got on the train, I didn’t really feel that I was being wrenched away from somebody. I didn’t know that much about my mother, so that it wasn’t a matter of tearing me away from her, because I was away from her all the time anyway. It was a big adventure more than anything else. As a kid in New York, you have to remember that we didn’t know the west, and what we knew was from the picture shows we saw of cowboys, and Indians, and maybe engineers. And going that direction, well, that was the biggest thrill that a kid in my time could really expect. ROBERT STACK: Francis’s excitement soon turned to sadness. [INAUDIBLE]. Hello, I’m Camille Mitchell of the Children’s Aid Society. I brought your boys. ROBERT STACK: At stop after stop, potential adoptive parents would be waiting to pick their child from the crowd, but not all the children found new parents. Can I get your signature, please? Francis, who had boarded the train in New York with such high hopes, began to realize that none of the families along the train’s route wanted him. CAMILLE: This is your son, Luke. MAN: Hi, Luke. LUKE: Hello. MAN: Welcome to our family. Thank you. FRANCIS MURPHY: 14 or 15 children that were leaving, and you got off the train with their belongings, and they told me, Francis, you just stay on the train. CHRISTINE MURPHY: And he would say the crowd would get smaller and smaller, until finally he was the only child left on the train. Bye bye. Bye bye. Bye. All aboard. ROBERT STACK: Francis never was adopted. He went from family to family as a foster child. In spite of his early hardships, Francis’s life turned out well. He became a high school teacher, married, and had five children and six grandchildren. Francis Murphy, who rode the orphan train 60 years ago, developed heart disease in 1987. And sadly, he died soon after we filmed his interview in November. Francis’s wife and family have continued his search, and they ask that we present his story despite the fact that he is gone. They hope to unite the family who still loves Francis with the family he never knew and wanted so desperately to find. It was extremely important Francis to go ahead with this interview. He’d been looking forward to it for literally months, and just the hope that he would find somebody, particularly his sister, was important. He didn’t know much about love growing up, and he found out as he got older and had a family of his own. I think his finding Margaret would be an extension of that love. It’s still very important to us that we finish what he tried to do. ROBERT STACK: 1883, the plains of central Texas near the town of Marfa. 100 years ago, cattle by the thousands were herded by cowboys across this arid country. One evening, during a round up, cowhand named Robert Ellison– Hey, what’s that over there? ROBERT STACK: –noticed a strange glow off in the distance. MAN: I don’t know. Could be Apaches. MAN: Yeah, looks like Apache campfire. Let’s go on a ways. ROBERT STACK: He saw a ghostly light shimmering in the darkness. It appeared to be a few miles away, and it hovered just a few feet above the ground. JULIA PLUMBLEY: And they thought they were probably a camp fire Indians or other travelers, but they just kept seeing them the next night they were there, the next night, and the next week, and year. And I’m sure they began to wonder, what on earth were those lights? ROBERT STACK: In 1916, Hallie Stillwell was 18 years old when she witnessed the same phenomenon. HALLIE STILLWELL: We had decided to come to Marfa to tend to a little business. And we were just visiting and talking, and all of a sudden we saw lights over on the Chinati Mountains. Look, Hallie. HALLIE STILLWELL: It couldn’t be any kind of car lights, and we first thought probably it was a campfire of Indians, or Mexicans, or ranchers. But it didn’t act like a campfire at all. Do you think they’re campfires? It can’t be a fire. It’s moving. HALLIE STILLWELL: They were peculiar. I’ve never seen anything like them before. And of course, none of us knew anything about it. We were not scientists or anything like that. So we said, well, it couldn’t be anything but a ghost. It’s just ghost lights. And from then on, we mentioned them as ghost lights. ROBERT STACK: In 1943, the mysterious lights was seen again near Marfa’s Army air base. Yeah, he won’t be back for at least 30 minutes. FRITZ KAHL: When we saw the Marfa lights the first time, there was no vehicular traffic at night. Fuel was rationed. Lights were a phenomena in themselves in those days because there were no lights. It’s been a while. FRITZ KAHL: And when the moon is out, it’s beautiful. When the moon is not out, it’s so dark it’s awesome. What’s that? FRITZ KAHL: We saw something that was totally foreign to anything in and around the air base. When we did see the lights, we were very curious, and we inquired in the village of Marfa about this– these strange things. And yeah, sure, we’ve got little lights. So, what else? Over the years, explanations for these mysterious lights have ranged from ball lightning to St. Elmo’s Fire to jack rabbits with glow worms attached to their tails. Native superstition even has it that the lights are the ghost of an Apache chief, who refuses to give up his desert home. The lights have been continually seen near the small town of Marfa, but surprisingly, the witnesses aren’t frightened of these ghost flights. In fact, most seem to regard them with affection. I know they exist. I’ve seen them several times. Two of the four of us saw the lights. Two did not, and we were looking in exactly the same spot. Now, I can’t explain that. – I know they’re there. There’s no doubt about it. Some nights I see them better than other nights, though. When I was a child, of course, you have a lot of childlike curiosity, and my first thing was I want to find out what those are. I mean, this is my Loch Ness monster. I’m going to catch it and find out what it is. And so I just in that moment on decided I was going to try to solve the mystery. Looks like we need to head southeast toward the Chinatis. A few years ago, my brother and I got the idea that the reason no one had ever gotten close to lights was because they were using motor vehicles like airplanes, or Jeeps, for cars. So we thought, if we took out on foot across the desert, we could sneak up on them. So we got our gear together and a camera, and just took out walking across the desert, and tried for about four hours to walk up close to them. And we never could get real close to them. It was almost like a mirage. It just kept moving a little further and further away from you. This is almost like they knew what we were doing, and were just going to tease us, and stay a little bit ahead of us. But distance is so deceiving out here we couldn’t tell if we were looking at a light as big as a tire or if we were seeing a light as big as just a cantaloupe. And so we couldn’t get close enough to really get a good idea of how big they were. The point is there’s a [INAUDIBLE].. ROBERT STACK: In July of 1989, we asked three scientists from the local observatory and university to conduct a formal investigation into the lights. What happens is the [INAUDIBLE].. ROBERT STACK: One investigator was a professor of chemistry, another a geologist, and the third an astronomer. I– I wonder if we’re– if we’re not pushing just troughs of hot air– Yes, exactly. –up on either side of Chinati down here. And there’s [INAUDIBLE]. ROBERT STACK: With them were 11 other technicians and observers. Actually, you’re calling at 3:00. Is that correct? WOMAN (ON WALKIE): We had the one at the [INAUDIBLE] site. ROBERT STACK: The lights have been seen near the Chinati Mountain Range. A radio beacon is also visible in front of the peaks. A highway winds its way through these mountains, and in order to prevent the misidentification of headlights, two marker lights were placed at the borders of the road. If any lights are spotted outside these markers the scientists cannot explain their source, then investigators can be certain that they are observing the ghostly phenomena. MAN: Well, there was– there was a light right on the horizon. MAN (ON WALKIE): We have the two cars leaving position one. ROBERT STACK: The investigators are using special nighttime viewing equipment. MAN (ON WALKIE): They are approaching the beacon now. ROBERT STACK: In this instance, a camera films two headlights moving slowly from left to right past the radio beacon light. MAN: [INAUDIBLE] be off this. MAN: Roger. There’s no question they’re looking at this stuff which ones are the cars and where the lights are. ROBERT STACK: At 11:59 PM, an unknown light appears. Doctor, look up there on the hill to the right of marker three. I see it. It’s off to the right. It’s about the same distance. ROBERT STACK: A camera pans past the radio beacon. MAN: The red center is from three. MAN: Unit three, can you verify if you have any traffic lights off to the west or northwest. MAN (ON WALKIE): I do not see any lights. ROBERT STACK: It continues past the right marker light. MAN: Yes. ROBERT STACK: In the middle of an empty plain, a ghostly glow can be seen. A video camera also recorded the same light. MAN: Do you see it’s [INAUDIBLE].. MAN: [INAUDIBLE] verify the light we’re seeing of to the west. ROBERT STACK: Observers were certain that the light did not come from a man made source. MAN (ON WALKIE): [INAUDIBLE] looking– MAN: It’s beginning to fade, isn’t it? MAN: It’s going way down. It’s gone completely out now. It’s almost like it imploded. Yeah. MAN (ON WALKIE): Negative, we do not have any light. MAN: [INAUDIBLE] unit one, could you also verify that? MAN: Here it comes. MAN: Here it is. MAN: Here it comes. Can you see it? MAN: Yeah, it’s coming back just as bright as it was before. Same place. MAN: It’s beginning to fade out again. There it goes. MAN: It was extremely bright, though, when it was showing there. ROBERT STACK: What was it that the cameras recorded? We know the lights [INAUDIBLE] something of natural origin. It is not man made. Now, the next question is, how do you explain them? There is something in addition to car lights. People are seeing real activity in the atmosphere. ROBERT STACK: One scientist thought the lights might be refracted starlight and other luminous gases produced by small earthquakes, but they are not sure, and all they could say for certain is that it was natural phenomenon as yet unexplained by by science. – Hey, what’s that over there? – I don’t know. ROBERT STACK: Most of the people in Marfa who have grown up and lived with the lights don’t really need any explanation as to what they are. The fact they exist at all, bringing a touch of magic into their day to day lives, is all they need to know. It’s a phenomena that’s not explained, and so let’s play that game. All I know is they’re there. Let’s don’t find out what they are. Let’s just leave them a mystery. I’m not going to try to solve it. I’m going– I’m going to be content with ghosts and let the ghosts take care of them. Next, a story of an innocent young couple, whose romantic weekend was shattered by a sadistic and elusive killer. November 18, 1987– Jay Cook and his high school sweetheart, Tanya Van Cuylenborg, took the ferry from Victoria, Canada to Washington state. Jay was 20 years old. Tonya was 17, and they were in love. This was to be their first trip together, and they had planned on a romantic weekend. LEONA COOK: Jay and Tanya had been going out together for about six months, I think. He was either there, or she was here. I think she was quite special to him. They certainly seemed to be good for each other from everything that I could gather. I certainly had no apprehension about Tanya being with Jay. I felt very comfortable with that. Whoa. It’s getting windy. You cold? A little bit. ROBERT STACK: But sometime during the journey, Jay and Tanya’s peaceful vacation turned into a violent nightmare. The couple’s trip began in Victoria, Canada, where they took the 4:00 PM car ferry to Port Angeles Washington. Jay had borrowed his father’s van. After they disembarked from the ferry, they were seen twice heading south on Highway 101, once in the Washington town of Hoodsport at approximately 8:00 PM, and an hour later at Allyn. It is believed they were headed towards a second car ferry from Bremerton to Seattle. Jay and Tanya were expected home the following day, but when they hadn’t returned or called by the next evening, their families began to worry. WILLIAM VAN CUYLENBORG: If Tanya was late for anything, which was not unusual– but she would phone. She would always phone. So when Tanya did not phone the next evening when they were supposed to be returning, my wife became apprehensive. So I tried to downplay it for my wife’s sake and probably to reassure myself that everything would be OK. However, in the following day when she didn’t call, we knew there was something wrong. CHIEF DEPUTY RON PANZERO: Tanya’s body was found partially clothed. She had been raped and murdered. We found some wire ties that you would bundle wires together with laying alongside the road. We assumed that they were used to secure Tanya in the van. Well, we didn’t know what to think then, because they hadn’t found Jay. And for a while, it looked like Jay might even be a suspect. They told us to be prepared for that. ROBERT STACK: The next day, Jay’s van was found 90 miles away in the city of Bellingham. MAN: There we go. There’s one of the ties that was just like with Tanya down at the scene. Here’s another one. Uh-oh, we’ve got some blood over here it looks like. At the time, nobody was certain exactly what had happened, but our concern was heightened a couple more notches once the van was found. We’ve got something here, Fred. ROBERT STACK: Two blocks away from the van, under the porch of a tavern, police found more plastic ties, the keys to Jay’s van, Tanya’s driver’s license, and a half empty box of ammunition. Significantly, they also found a pair of plastic surgical gloves. He leaves those behind as a– as basically a sign to the police that you needn’t look for fingerprints because I wore these gloves, and he has confidence that there’s nothing that’s going to connect him with these crimes. Even after they found Tanya, we hoped against hope that maybe they were going to find Jay, I mean, alive. I guess you know it’s not very likely, but you have to keep hoping. SGT. ROBERT BART: Jay’s body was found on Thanksgiving Day, and he had been definitely murdered. It was very obvious. We found that Jay had died due to strangulation. He had been beaten. His hands had been bound with some electrical tie wraps, plastic ties wraps. We think the way that Jay died was indicative of things that we’ve seen before inside the prison walls, and the things we found on Jay certainly raised a suspicion that the person or people who did this have been in the prison system before. Without telling you anything else, that’s definitely a possibility. ROBERT STACK: Police believe it most likely that Jay and Tanya made their fatal rendezvous with the killer on the 10:20 PM ferry from Bremerton to Seattle. SGT. ROBERT BART: We don’t know the killer’s intentions when he first met these two. We feel that he was out to do some harm and certainly to assault both Jay and Tanya. And from what we have found, I think we can say that he had set his sights on Tanya, and Jay was in the way. [INAUDIBLE] lights. It’s getting late. MAN: How you doing? – Hi. Hey, what’s up? Not much. You guys going to Seattle? – Mm-hm. Yeah. How about you? SGT. ROBERT BART: They were friendly. They were young, on their first trip, and, I think, easily fooled. An easy mark. MAN: Say, I wonder if you could do me a favor. It’s pretty cold out there, and I only live a couple miles from the ferry deck. Can you give me a ride? DET. ROBERT GEBO: A person could make contact with them in the lounge on the– on the ferry boat, just asking for a ride across the Puget Sound. I think it’s safe to say that, by the time they exited the ferry in downtown Seattle, they probably were in the company of– of the man that killed them. It would seem to me that it’s logical that the person has committed crimes like this in the past and been successful at them. And having been successful, I would certainly say that it’s likely that they’ll continue to do them. He does not want to be caught. He uses gloves, for example, to not leave obvious forensic fingerprints. That makes him very dangerous in my view. But the killer might have made one mistake. He may have taken Jay’s black waist-length ski jacket with red piping on the sleeves and Tanya’s olive drab daypack. And there is a chance that someone may have noticed him with these incriminating items. Hi, Mrs. Cook. How’s the holidays? – Great, thanks. – Good. See you tomorrow. Yep, bye bye. ROBERT STACK: One final note on this sad story. Over the Christmas holidays, just four weeks after the murder of their children, Jay and Tanya’s families each received a morbid greeting card. These cards were filled with taunting descriptions of the murders, and their author claimed responsibility for the killings. To date, 19 of these greeting cards have been mailed over three different holidays. The writer remains a complete mystery. Postmarked from New York, Los Angeles, and Seattle, all of these cars were written by the same author. The handwriting in these letters and the cards is very distinctive, and there are some phrases that are very distinctive also. Hallelujah bloody Jesus is a favorite phrase of his. SGT. ROBERT BART: We have not found something as of yet in these greeting cards that would tell us absolutely for sure that the person who sent them– is sending them is the killer. We don’t know. He just continues to– to make life miserable for these parents who have lost their children. ROBERT STACK: Next, the search for Salvatore Michael Caruana, a career criminal who masterminded a multimillion dollar drug smuggling ring. OK, guys, let’s move in. ROBERT STACK: May 23, 1987, Groton, Connecticut– agents from the FBI, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and the US Marshals Service tracked a fugitive to a local motor inn. [BANGING] Federal agents with a warrant. ROBERT STACK: When they entered the room, the man they were looking for had vanished. Salvatore Michael Caruana is a suspected narcotics smuggler who allegedly has ties to organized crime. Since 1984, he’s been the object of one of the most intensive manhunts in the history of US law enforcement. Caruana is currently on the US Marshals top 15 fugitives list. They also believe he is being sought by the New England mob. When the federal agents found Caruana’s room at the motor inn empty, they had first suspected that he might have been the victim of a contract hit. However, the authorities also believe it is possible that Caruana staged his own disappearance to look like a contract killing so he could throw law enforcement off his trail. Caruana’s criminal history dates back to 1954 when he was charged with armed robbery and possession of firearms. By the late ’70s, he had moved into narcotics as a mob soldier for the Raymond Patriarca family in New England. Mr. Caruana was involved in the distribution of approximately $40 million worth of marijuana. We have testimony from just one distributor that, in one particular operation in 1979, he himself brought $4 million to Mr. Caruana. Hey, sparky, let me see what we got going here. SPEC. AGT. JOSEPH KEEFE: In these marijuana operations that Caruana was involved, he was a supervisor. Caruana would show up on the scene himself at the stash house before the marijuana was sent out and talk to his people, make sure it was weighed correctly, make sure the quality was good. He would then tell his distributor that I want X amount of dollars for each pound of marijuana that’s here. I think it’ll be good. What do you think, hm? $250 a pound? Right? Friday? Don’t keep me waiting. Be there. SPEC. AGT. JOSEPH KEEFE: He carried guns. He was big with guns. He was big with threats. He would threaten to kill you. There was no question. If you messed up, he threatened to kill you. ROBERT STACK: Caruana was finally arrested on November 27, 1983. The smuggling operation had begun to collapse with the arrest of several key associates whose testimony led to an 11 count secret grand jury indictment against him. MAN: Stand against the wall and face the camera. ROBERT STACK: Caruana was charged with drug trafficking under the Kingpin Statute, a federal law which could have meant life in prison. Straight ahead. Bail is set at $500,000. Caruana easily raised $50,000 to post bond and was released the same day. Caruana [INAUDIBLE]. Just in time. ROBERT STACK: On April 2, 1984, two days before his trial was to begin, Salvatore Michael Caruana disappeared. SPEC. AGT. JOSEPH KEEFE: Two of his close associates signed agreements with the government to cooperate and testify. I think he felt that our case was much stronger with these two witnesses coming into the case to testify against him, and I believe he just didn’t want to come in and face that, because I think he felt that he would face some serious time in jail. What do we have on this guy so far? ROBERT STACK: In 1985, a multi agency task force was established by the Drug Enforcement Administration, the IRS, the FBI, and the US Marshals Service exclusively to investigate the Caruana case. They confirmed that smuggling drugs was only the facade for a vast criminal labyrinth. Caruana was laundering enormous amounts of money and was himself a multimillionaire. Checking on the medical update. ROBERT STACK: On February 6, 1987, federal agents and local police raided Caruana’s home in Peabody, Massachusetts. The house is like a fortress with elaborate security systems and several hidden vaults crammed full of weapons and financial papers. Agents found evidence that Caruana was using the alias of John Michael Hurley. Armed with this information, investigators were able within days to track Caruana to an east Hampton, Connecticut condominium. By the time they arrived, Caruana had cleaned the place out and vanished. For the next three months, he continued to elude the law. He’s a very smart guy. He’s probably of the most cunning and sly fugitives that we’ve come across in a very long time. He knows what he’s doing. He keeps himself up to date on all the new things that are coming out. He’s a very smart individual. Look at those numbers jump up. ROBERT STACK: Agents discovered that, while Caruana was in hiding, he used computer technology to launder money and communicate with his business associates and his wife. ARTHUR D. RODERICK JR: He used things like computer bulletin board systems that he knew it was very difficult for us to get into. He would talk to his wife up in Massachusetts from Connecticut, and they would go through these computer bulletin board systems. And she would take the message, decode it, and then it would be wiped off that bulletin board system. ROBERT STACK: Finally, in May of 1987, an anonymous tip led authorities to the motor inn in Groton, Connecticut. ARTHUR D. RODERICK JR: We had determined he was using the alias Vincent Spirito, and based upon the information we received from the manager and the fact that the alias name was registered there at that motor inn, we used that as probable cause to get a search warrant to enter the apartment. MAN (ON RADIO): Unit one to unit four. Four go. MAN (ON RADIO): Four, you’re in the best position. What do you think? What’s going on, Joe, anything? Still nothing. Nothing’s going on. MAN (ON RADIO): OK, we’ve given enough time. Let’s– let’s move in, guys. When we first got into the room, it appeared, jeez, he had just got up to get a newspaper, that he could be coming back any minute. OK, we’re secure, all right? – All secure. – OK. ARTHUR D. RODERICK JR: But once we started looking at specific items in the room, such as the newspaper and spoiled food, it looked like he hadn’t been there for a couple of weeks. MAN: Yeah, look at this newspaper. It’s dated May 9. ARTHUR D. RODERICK JR: We found clothes in the closet. We found the John Michael Hurley identification. We also found a sawed off shotgun with four shells up in the barrel, so it was ready to be what we call combat loaded. We also located a briefcase. MAN: Hey, guys, got a gun here. ARTHUR D. RODERICK JR: In the briefcase was a semiautomatic .22 and cash. From what we found at the motor in, you could assume that he had been killed by the organized crime people who thought that, if he was caught, he might talk, or he had all these records that could implicate them in different illegal transactions, but we don’t have the body. And if it was an organized crime hit, I would think that they would want to leave the body behind so that we wouldn’t keep poking our noses into his business, which eventually would lead back to them. Who’s got the paperwork? I’ve got it. ROBERT STACK: Caruana’s van was missing. So were the keys to the van, his wallet, and a camera case he was known to carry with him at all times. In the camera case, reportedly he carried an uzi submachine gun. A month later, Caruana’s van turned up at the police impoundment lot. It had been abandoned at a Connecticut truck stop. When marshals dusted for fingerprints, they found the van had been wiped clean. ARTHUR D. RODERICK JR: He could very well have been killed in May of ’87, but we really don’t have anything to point to that. We don’t have anybody coming forward and saying, yes, I saw him abducted from the truck stop. When you chase fugitives that are in this complex, one of the things they like to do is leak the word out to you that, hey, this guy’s dead, so that you don’t continue looking for him as hard as you were if you knew he was alive. It appears that he’s done the very smart thing. He hasn’t maintained contact with the people that he knew before we were chasing him. What we’re looking for is somebody to come forward and tell us that they have seen Salvatore Caruana alive after May of ’87. ROBERT STACK: Salvatore Michael Caruana is 51 years old, six feet tall, and 175 pounds. He has brown eyes and graying black hair, and has been treated for a hyperthyroid condition. He has used the aliases John Michael Hurley, Vincent Spirito, and Face. Caruana is a licensed airplane pilot and a computer and electronics expert. He should be considered armed and extremely dangerous. Caruana allegedly holds damaging information about many highly placed organized crime figures, and the federal authorities hope they get to him before the mob does. Tonight, we have seen four stories without endings, four stories in which ordinary people have been thrust into the center of an unsolved mystery. Perhaps someone tonight can help them. Perhaps they were watching. Perhaps it’s you.

    9 Most Mysterious Locations On Earth
    Articles, Blog

    9 Most Mysterious Locations On Earth

    August 18, 2019


    9 Most Mysterious Locations On Earth
    Human history certainly holds its fair share of mysteries. Not all ancient civilisations were attentive
    bureaucrats like the Ancient Romans – the people of ancient Rome were excellent at documentation,
    so we know a huge amount about them, their society, and their traditions. Unfortunately for historians, the story of
    certain societies, and their creations will always remain shrouded in an intriguing mystery,
    with no concrete answers in sight. A perfect example is the infamous Voynich
    Manuscript. The Voynich Manuscript supposedly originated
    in Italy. Carbon dating has put the handwritten manuscript
    around the early 1400s. For years, the nature of the Voynich Manuscript
    has puzzled all those who have come into contact with it. Why? The entire manuscript is written in a coded
    language, completely unlike any other language or form of writing that exists. No cryptographer has ever been able to decipher
    the code written in the book. Historians even enlisted the help of some
    expert code crackers, who worked during WWII, but none have ever had any luck. The manuscript itself is a few hundred pages,
    and most pages even include diagrams of strange plants that don’t resemble any living species. Although many historians and cryptographers
    have suggested, that the book could be nonsense, many maintain that the care, and attention
    the unknown author must have put in during the manuscript’s production suggests otherwise. It begs the question: why would someone spend
    hours and hours, (plus a lot of money – manuscripts were incredibly expensive items in the 15th
    century), producing something of no value to anyone? However, the number of mysterious monuments,
    and places that left traces still visible today greatly outweigh the number of entirely
    mysterious artefacts that have been discovered. Some of the monuments left behind by ancient
    peoples are so strange, and so well constructed, that they have left historians mystified. Aside from monuments, certain places on earth
    have an inescapable air of mystery about them, that remains unexplained to this day. If you’re a bit of a conspiracy theorist
    and you’re looking for a new adventure, the following 8 locations could provide you
    with endlessly compelling mystery. 9. Groom Lake, Nevada
    Area 51. It’s the most famous military institution
    in the world that doesn’t officially exist. If it did, it would be found about 100 miles
    outside Las Vegas in Nevada’s high desert, tucked between an Air Force base and an abandoned
    nuclear testing ground. Then again, maybe not – the U.S. government
    refuses to say. You can’t drive anywhere close to it, and
    until recently, the airspace overhead was restricted – all the way to outer space. Any mention of Area 51 gets redacted from
    official documents, even those that have been declassified for decades. It has become the holy grail for conspiracy
    theorists, with UFOlogists positing that the Pentagon reverse engineers flying saucers,
    and keeps extraterrestrial beings stored in freezers. Urban legend has it that Area 51 is connected
    by underground tunnels, and trains to other secret facilities around the country. In 2001, Katie Couric told Today Show audiences
    that 7 percent of Americans doubt the moon landing happened – that it was staged in the
    Nevada desert. Millions of X-Files fans believe the truth
    may be “out there,” but more likely it’s concealed inside Area 51’s Strangelove esque hangars
    – buildings that, though confirmed by Google Earth, the government refuses to acknowledge. “It wasn’t always called Area 51,” says Lovick,
    the physicist who developed stealth technology. His boss, legendary aircraft designer Clarence
    L. “Kelly” Johnson, called the place Paradise Ranch to entice men to leave their families,
    and “rough it” out in the Nevada desert in the name of science, and the fight against
    the evil empire. “Test pilot Tony LeVier found the place by
    flying over it,” says Lovick. “It was a lake bed called Groom Lake, selected
    for testing, because it was flat and far from anything. It was kept secret because the CIA tested
    U-2s there.” “We couldn’t have told you any of this a year
    ago,” Slater says. “Now we can’t tell it to you fast enough.” That is because in 2007, the CIA began declassifying
    the 50-year-old OXCART program. Today, there’s a scramble for eyewitnesses
    to fill in the information gaps. Only a few of the original players are left. Two more of them join me and the Slaters for
    lunch: Barnes, formerly an Area 51 special-projects engineer, with his wife, Doris; and Martin,
    one of those overseeing the OXCART’s specially mixed jet fuel, (regular fuel explodes at
    extreme height, temperature and speed), with his wife, Mary. Because the men were sworn to secrecy for
    so many decades, their wives still get a kick out of hearing the secret tales. So, what of those urban legends – the UFOs
    studied in secret, the underground tunnels connecting clandestine facilities? For decades, the men at Area 51 thought they’d
    take their secrets to the grave. At the height of the Cold War, they cultivated
    anonymity while pursuing some of the country’s most covert projects. Conspiracy theories were left to popular imagination. But in talking with Collins, Lovick, Slater,
    Barnes and Martin, it is clear that much of the folklore was spun from threads of fact. As for the myths of reverse engineering of
    flying saucers, Barnes offers some insight: “We did reverse engineer a lot of foreign
    technology, including the Soviet MiG fighter jet out at the Area” – even though the MiG
    wasn’t shaped like a flying saucer. As for the underground tunnel talk, that,
    too, was born of truth. Barnes worked on a nuclear rocket program
    called Project NERVA, inside underground chambers at Jackass Flats, in Area 51’s backyard. “Three test cell facilities were connected
    by railroad, but everything else was underground,” he says. And the quintessential Area 51 conspiracy
    – that the Pentagon keeps captured alien spacecraft there, which they fly around in restricted
    airspace? Turns out that one’s pretty easy to debunk. The shape of OXCART was unprece dented, with
    its wide, disk-like fuselage designed to carry vast quantities of fuel. Commercial pilots cruising over Nevada at
    dusk would look up and see the bottom of OXCART, whiz by at 2,000 plus mph. The aircraft’s tita-nium body, moving as fast
    as a bullet, would reflect the sun’s rays in a way that could make anyone think, UFO. In all, 2,850 OXCART test flights were flown
    out of Area 51 while Slater was in charge. “That’s a lot of UFO sightings!” Slater adds. Commercial pilots would report them to the
    FAA, and “when they’d land in California, they’d be met by FBI agents who’d make them
    sign nondisclosure forms.” But not everyone kept quiet, hence the birth
    of Area 51’s UFO lore. The sightings incited uproar in Nevada and
    the surrounding areas, and forced the Air Force to open Project BLUE BOOK to log each
    claim. Since only a few Air Force officials were
    cleared for OXCART, (even though it was a joint CIA/USAF project), many UFO sightings
    raised internal military alarms. Some generals believed the Russians might
    be sending stealth craft over American skies to incite paranoia, and create widespread
    panic of alien invasion. Today, BLUE BOOK findings are housed in 37
    cubic feet of case files at the National Archives – 74,000 pages of reports. A keyword search brings up no mention of the
    top secret OXCART or Area 51. Project BLUE BOOK was shut down in 1969 – more
    than a year after OXCART was retired. But what continues at America’s most clandestine
    military facility could take another 40 years to disclose. 8. Newgrange
    Newgrange has been dated to about 3200 BC, (more broadly 3300 – 2900 BC), during the
    Neolithic period. It is not known for whom the tomb was built,
    but it was clearly the burial place of great tribal leaders. The kings were cremated and their ashes were
    interred here. Scholars are generally agreed that Newgrange
    was used not only as a tomb, but for ceremonial and religious rites. Legend says the mound was dedicated to Dagha,
    the sun god of pre Christian Ireland, and later became the burial places of the pagan
    kings of Tara. Veneration of the sun is certainly suggested
    by the many carvings of sun symbols on Newgrange stones, and the magnificent spectacle of sunrise
    on the winter solstice, (see Astronomical Alignment, below). The mound subsided not long after completion,
    burying the kerbstones and collapsing the quartz facade, but Newgrange remained an important
    religious center until the early Bronze Age. A cursus oriented north-south about 100 m
    east of the tomb was built in the later Neolithic Age, followed a little while later by a henge
    to the southeast. The standing stones around the mound were
    probably erected after this. Unfortunately, the tomb has been empty of
    its original contents since 861 AD, when it was plundered by Viking raiders. More recently, there was a period of over
    100 years during which the tomb was discovered but unprotected; it thus suffered further
    damage from treasure hunters and looters. The many mysteries of Newgrange — who built
    it? What were its purposes? What do the spirals mean? — have prompted
    a variety of theories about its origin and purpose. Newgrange is especially revered by New Age
    adherents, who believe it to be a place of great energy and mystical power. The spirals are interpreted as symbols of
    the journey to the next world, and the tomb is thought to be a solar temple of a prehistoric
    race of supernatural people. Based on its shape, it has also been suggested
    that Newgrange is a model of a flying saucer. The Newgrange tomb rises from the meadow in
    an egg-shaped mound called a tumulus. It is 250 feet across and 40 feet high, and
    covers an entire acre. The exterior of the mound is decorated with
    97 large kerbstones, (or curbstones in the American spelling), that are carved with beautiful
    and intriguing spiral designs. Scholars think these stones were recycled
    from an earlier burial place. Three of the kerbstones are especially striking:
    the Threshold Stone or Entrance Stone; Kerbstone 52, located diametrically opposite the entrance
    on the northwest side; and Kerbstone 67 on the northeast side. The Threshold Stone is elaborately carved
    with spirals, concentric circles and diamond shapes. Their meaning is not known but theories are
    plentiful. Some hold that the three main spirals represent
    the tombs of Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth, with the wavy line below depicting the River
    Boine. Others think the three spirals represent life,
    death and eternity. The facade around the perimeter is made of
    sparkling white quartz brought from 50 miles away, punctuated by egg-shaped granite stones. The facade has been shaped by archaeologists
    to allow for visitor access; the dark stones that curve inwards were deliberately chosen
    to show they are not an original feature of the tomb. Originally, the white facade continued over
    the Entrance Stone, with a narrow recess leading to the roof-box and entrance. The “roof box” allows sunlight in on the winter
    solstice (see below). The mound itself is made of 200,000 tons of
    stone brought from 75 miles away, which were then covered with several yards of soil. The boulders were placed with amazing precision
    that makes the structure watertight; just how this was done remains a mystery. Inside, a 60-foot-long narrow passage leads
    into a domed chamber, almost 20 feet high with three side alcoves for burials. The inner room is made of layered stones forming
    a corbelled roof or beehive vault, which has held the weight of the mound above without
    mortar, and without leaking water for over 6,000 years. The side alcoves contain mysterious stone
    basins, whose purpose is not known. They may have been used for washing bodies,
    receiving funerary offerings, depositing the ashes of cremated remains, or for priestly
    rituals. The most striking aspect of the Newgrange
    tomb is its precise astronomical alignment, which allows for a truly spectacular phenomenon
    at sunrise on the winter solstice (December 19-23, especially the 21st). On this day, the shortest of the year, a shaft
    of sunlight enters through a large opening above the entrance (called the roof box),
    and pierces the inner passageway. The sunbeam touches a stone basin at the end
    of the passageway, and lights up a series of spiral carvings inside the chamber, whose
    meaning is unknown. The event lasts about 17 minutes. The guided tour of the tomb includes an impressive
    reenactment of this effect, and a lucky few each year also experience the real thing – you
    can enter your name in a lottery for a chance to join. Twelve standing stones still survive in a
    circle around the tomb, of which there may have originally been as many as 35. Archaeologists have not been able to determine
    their date with certainty, but at least one of the standing stones has been shown to post-date
    the henge south of the mound, which was made in the later Neolithic period. None of these stones are decorated with carvings. Now marked by modern wooden posts, the henge
    at Newgrange was built several centuries after the main passage tomb. The pit-and-post circle measures about 394
    feet (120 m) in diameter, and evidence of occupation was found inside it, including
    almost 800 pieces of flint and pottery from the Grooved Ware, and Beaker periods. Some of the pits contained animal bones, which
    were probably votive offerings. Nobody knows how they managed to carry the
    giant stones and construct the building. The exact purpose of Newgrange, too, remains
    a mystery. 7. The Roanoke Colony
    In 1587, Englishman John White led more than 100 men, women and children in the first attempt
    to found a permanent English colony in the New World. The group settled on Roanoke Island, one of
    a chain of barrier islands now known as the Outer Banks, off the coast of North Carolina. Later that year, White headed back to England
    to bring more supplies, but England’s naval war with Spain would delay his return for
    nearly three years. When he finally arrived on Roanoke Island,
    on August 18, 1590, White found the colony abandoned and looted, with no trace of the
    settlers. Only two clues remained: The word “Croatoan”
    had been carved on a post and the letters “CRO” scratched into a tree trunk. Now, two separate teams of archaeologists
    say they have uncovered new evidence suggesting, what may have happened to the inhabitants
    of the famed “Lost Colony.” When John White, appointed by Sir Walter Raleigh
    as governor of Roanoke Colony, returned to England for more supplies in late 1587, he
    left behind his wife, his daughter and his infant granddaughter — Virginia Dare, the
    first child born in the New World to English parents — among the other settlers. Upon White’s return in 1590, he found no
    trace of his family or the other inhabitants of the abandoned colony. Over the centuries to come, archaeologists,
    historians and explorers would delve into the mystery of the “Lost Colony” of Roanoke,
    all failing to find definitive answers. Based on the scant clues left behind, some
    speculated that Native Americans attacked and killed the English colonists. “Croatoan” was the name of an island south
    of Roanoke, now Hatteras Island, which at the time was home to a Native American tribe
    of the same name. Alternatively, they might have tried to sail
    back to England on their own and been lost at sea, or been killed by hostile Spaniards
    who came north from their own settlements in Florida. One enduring theory was that the settlers
    might have been absorbed into friendly Native American tribes, perhaps after moving further
    inland into what is now North Carolina. Now, two independent teams have found archaeological
    remains suggesting, that at least some of the Roanoke colonists might have survived,
    and split into two groups, each of which assimilated itself into a different Native American community. One team is excavating a site near Cape Creek
    on Hatteras Island, around 50 miles (80 kilometers) southeast of the Roanoke Island settlement,
    while the other is based on the mainland about 50 miles, to the northwest of the Roanoke
    site. Cape Creek, located in a live oak forest near
    Pamlico Sound, was the site of a major Croatoan town center and trading hub. In 1998, archaeologists from East Carolina
    University stumbled upon a unique find from early British America: a 10-carat gold signet
    ring engraved with a lion or horse, believed to date to the 16th century. The ring’s discovery prompted later excavations
    at the site led by Mark Horton, an archaeologist at Britain’s Bristol University, who has
    been directing volunteers with the Croatoan Archaeological Society in annual digs since
    2009. Recently, Horton’s team found a small piece
    of slate that seems to have been used as a writing tablet, and part of the hilt of an
    iron rapier, a light sword similar to those used in England in the late 16th century,
    along with other artifacts of European and Native American origin. The slate, a smaller version of a similar
    one found at Jamestown, bears a small letter “M” still barely visible in one corner;
    it was found alongside a lead pencil. In addition to these intriguing objects, the
    Cape Creek site yielded an iron bar, and a large copper ingot (or block), both found
    buried in layers of earth that appear to date to the late 1500s. Native Americans lacked such metallurgical
    technology, so they are believed to be European in origin. Horton told National Geographic that some
    of the artifacts his team found are trade items, but it appears that others may well
    have belonged to the Roanoke colonists themselves: “The evidence is that they assimilated with
    the Native Americans but kept their goods.” A watercolor map drawn by none other than
    John White inspired the search at Site X (as it’s known), located on Albemarle Sound
    near Edenton, North Carolina, some 50 miles inland. Known as La Virginea Pars, the map shows the
    East Coast of North America from Chesapeake Bay to Cape Lookout; it is housed at the British
    Museum as part of its permanent collection. White began drawing the map in 1585, two years
    before he became governor. In 2012, researchers using X-ray spectroscopy
    and other imaging techniques spotted a tiny four-pointed star, colored red and blue, concealed
    under a patch of paper that White used to make corrections to his map. It was thought to mark the location of a site
    some 50 miles inland, which White alluded to in testimony given after his attempted
    return to the colony. If such a site did exist, the theory went,
    it would have been a reasonable destination for the displaced Roanoke settlers. According to archaeologist Nicholas Luccketti
    of the First Colony Foundation, which is conducting the excavations at Site X, the group has found
    shards of pottery that they claim may have been used, by Roanoke settlers after they
    left the colony. Located nearby is a site that archaeologists
    believe might have been a small Native American town, Mettaquem. After the Roanoke colony met its end, English
    settlers eventually came south from Virginia into North Carolina, but the first recorded
    settler in the area did not arrive until about 1655. But the recently uncovered pottery is in a
    style called Border Ware, which is typical of the pottery dug up on Roanoke Island, as
    well as at Jamestown, but was no longer imported to the New World after the early 17th century,
    when the Virginia Company dissolved. In addition to the Border Ware pottery, archaeologists
    at Site X discovered various other items, including a food-storage jar known as a baluster,
    pieces of early gun flintlocks, a metal hook of the sort used to stretch animal hides or
    tents and an aglet, a small copper tube used to secure wool fibers, before the advent of
    the hook and eye in the 17th century. Based on his team’s findings, Luccketti
    thinks the Roanoke colonists may have moved inland to live, with Native American allies
    sometime after White left, and these artifacts might have been among their belongings. As reported in the New York Times, the First
    Colony Foundation will reveal more about its findings, and theory this week in Chapel Hill,
    North Carolina. Though the newly announced discoveries don’t
    solve this lingering historical mystery, they do point away from Roanoke Island itself,
    where researchers have failed to come up with evidence pointing to the Lost Colony’s fate. Archaeologists on both teams are hoping that
    a detailed study of their new finds will yield more clues, and — of course — that more
    evidence remains, waiting to be discovered, in the endless layers of dirt that surround
    them. 6. Sailing Stones
    California’s remote, beautiful, and foreboding Death Valley has held a mystery for almost
    a century: it has stones that seem to move on their own, when no one is looking. It happens at Racetrack Playa, a dry lakebed
    known for its “sailing stones.” This effect occurs at a few other places as
    well, though Death Valley is the most famous spot. Thanks to some high-tech sleuthing, the mystery
    may have been solved, at least partly. In their book “Mysteries of the World: Unexplained
    Wonders and Mysterious Phenomena,” Herbert Genzmer and Ulrich Hellenbrand state that
    “the perfectly flat, dry ground is scoured and scraped with paths that suggest these
    boulders are being moved along the ground… there is no indication of how this movement
    could have been brought about by outside forces, and no stone has ever been observed actually
    making its way across the ground.” Not all of the stones in Death Valley move. Those that do only move every two to three
    years, and they don’t all move at the same time or in the same direction. In fact, some seem to have made abrupt 90-degree
    turns, judging from the tracks, which range from tens of feet to hundreds of feet long. Most of the stones are not huge boulders,
    but instead range from about 6 to 18 inches (15 to 45 centimeters) in diameter. Several theories have been proposed to explain
    this curious phenomenon, including some sort of localized, unknown magnetic effect. This theory has been discounted for a variety
    of reasons including that many of the stones, do not contain significant amounts of magnetic
    elements such as iron, and that the stones should gradually assemble in one place — which
    they don’t. Some have suggested that the strong winds
    that blow through the area might move the rocks after the lakebed has become slick. The most likely solution to the mystery involves
    a combination of wind, temperature and water. Although Racetrack Playa is a dry lakebed,
    it is not always dry; in fact, water collects on the surface after rainfall, or when snow
    from surrounding peaks melts. Brian Dunning, a California researcher who
    discussed this mystery on his Skeptoid podcast, notes that when water is present and the temperature
    falls below freezing — as it sometimes does — a thin sheet of ice is created: “Solid
    ice, moving with the surface of the lake and with the inertia of a whole surrounding ice
    sheet, would have no trouble pushing a rock along the slick muddy floor… As the wind shifts and the flow ebbs, these
    ice floes drag the rocks across the slippery mud surface in zig-zagging paths, even moving
    heavy rocks and sometimes dragging some but washing past others nearby.” NASA researcher Ralph Lorenz became intrigued
    by the enigmatic stones, while studying Death Valley weather conditions. He developed a tabletop experiment to show
    how the rocks might glide across the surface of the lakebed. “I took a small rock and put it in a piece
    of Tupperware, and filled it with water so there was an inch of water with a bit of the
    rock sticking out,” Lorenz told Smithsonian.com. After putting the container in the freezer,
    Lorenz ended up with a small slab of ice with a rock embedded in it. By placing the ice-bound rock in a large tray
    of water with sand at the bottom, all he had to do was gently blow on the rock to get it
    to move across the water. And as the ice-embedded rock moved, it scraped
    a trail in the sand at the tray’s bottom. Though such explanations are plausible, they
    were very difficult to prove since no one had actually seen or recorded the stones’
    movements. Understandably, no one has volunteered to
    spend every minute of their lives — day and night for several years — enduring temperatures
    that can reach well above 100 degrees F (37 C), hoping to see a stone move. Furthermore, Racetrack Playa is almost three
    miles long and over a mile wide (4.8 by 1.6 kilometers). A person of course can’t be everywhere at
    once, and would have to pick one or two rocks to closely, and continually monitor just in
    case they happen to suddenly move. And can you imagine the frustration if someone
    spent two years watching a non-moving rock, only to later learn that several other rocks
    on another part of the lakebed had moved while they weren’t watching? Fortunately, the technology exists to investigate
    the mystery remotely. In 2013, a team of scientists using rocks
    with motion-activated GPS units, and time-lapse photography captured the first video footage
    of the stones creeping across the desert floor. It turns out that jagged plates of thin ice,
    resembling panels of broken glass, bulldoze the rocks across the flooded playa. Driven by gentle winds, the rocks seem to
    hydroplane atop the fluffy, wet mud. The scientists revealed their findings in
    the Aug. 27 issue of the journal PLOS One. The mystery has not been solved completely,
    however. The video shows how smaller rocks move, but
    no one has ever seen the gigantic playa boulders budge an inch. Another process may be at work on the biggest
    rocks, according to Jim Norris, an engineer and member of the team. “I know there are people who like the mystery
    of it, and will probably be somewhat disappointed that we’ve solved it,” Norris said. “It’s a fascinating process, and in many ways
    I hope that there’s more to be discovered. Never say never.” 5. The Yonaguni Monument
    WHEN scuba diving instructor Kihachiro Aratake plunged into the water off the coast, of the
    Japanese island of Yonaguni in 1986, he discovered an incredible sight. Six metres below the surface lay a series
    of monoliths, that he described as appearing to be “terraced into the side of a mountain”. The huge rectangular formations had strikingly
    perfect 90 degree angles, including straight walls, steps and columns. Over the following years experts descended
    upon the site, in a bid to determine whether the structure was natural or man-made. Yet to this day, it remains a great unsolved
    mystery. Initially it was proposed that the Yonaguni
    Monument was built, when the area was above sea level some 10,000 years ago. So could ‘Japan’s Atlantis’ be a remnant
    of a preglacial civilisation that was eventually inundated? Or could it be the result of an earthquake,
    putting it at 2000 – 3000 years old? Experts disagree. As the structure was mapped out over the following
    years, more details came to light. Divers found what appeared to be a huge arch,
    as well as temples, carvings, paved streets and a large pyramid-like structure measuring
    76 metres long at its base. Masaaki Kimura, a marine geologist at the
    University of the Ryukyus in Japan, who has dived at the site more than 100 times, over
    the past 20 years to measure its formations, is convinced they are the remains of a city
    that sunk due to seismic events. He has identified 10 structures off Yonaguni,
    and a further five related structures off the main island of Okinawa, with the ruins
    spanning an area of 300 metres x 150 metres. “I think it’s very difficult to explain
    away their origin as being purely natural, because of the vast amount of evidence of
    man’s influence on the structures,” he said. “The largest structure looks like a complicated,
    monolithic, stepped pyramid that rises from a depth of 25 meters. “The characters and animal monuments in
    the water, which I have been able to partially recover in my laboratory, suggest the culture
    comes from the Asian continent. One example I have described as an underwater
    sphinx resembles a Chinese or ancient Okinawan king.” Other evidence that experts believe confirms
    it’s man-made include two round holes, and a row of straight, smaller holes, which are
    interpreted as an attempt to split off a section of the rock. However, the Morien Institute, an archaeological
    non-profit research group, conducted an expedition there in 1997 led by Dr Robert M. Schoch,
    a professor of science and mathematics from Boston University. Dr Schoch, who has also conducted field research
    at sites in Pakistan, Egypt and the Canadian High Arctic, argues that it’s primarily
    a natural rock formation. “I’m not convinced that any of the major
    features, or structures are man-made steps or terraces, but that they’re all natural,”
    he wrote in his book Voices of the Rocks. “It’s basic geology and classic stratigraphy
    for sandstones, which tend to break along planes and give you these very straight edges,
    particularly in an area with lots of faults and tectonic activity. “…The structure is, as far as I could
    determine, composed entirely of solid ‘living’ bedrock. No part of the monument is constructed of
    separate blocks of rock that have been placed into position. “This is an important point, for carved
    and arranged rock blocks would definitively indicate a man-made origin for the structure
    — yet I could find no such evidence.” He said it was possible that humans had since
    made modifications to the formations. “We should also consider the possibility
    that the Yonaguni Monument is fundamentally a natural structure that was used, enhanced,
    and modified by humans in ancient times.” Patrick D. Nunn, Professor of Oceanic Geoscience
    at the University of the South Pacific, has studied these structures extensively and also
    believed they were natural, saying: “There seems no reason to suppose that they are artificial.” This was backed up by archeologist Richard
    J. Pearson, who argued that while stone tools and small camps were found at Yonaguni possibly
    from the 2500 BCE, they were small communities who were “not likely to have had extra energy
    for building stone monuments”. Will we ever know for sure? 4. Stonehenge
    Stonehenge is a massive stone monument located on a chalky plain north of the modern-day
    city of Salisbury, England. Research shows that the site has continuously
    evolved over a period of about 10,000 years. The structure that we call “Stonehenge”
    was built between roughly 5,000, and 4,000 years ago and that forms just one part of
    a larger, and highly complex, sacred landscape. The biggest of Stonehenge’s stones, known
    as sarsens, are up to 30 feet (9 meters) tall and weigh 25 tons (22.6 metric tons) on average. It is widely believed that they were brought
    from Marlborough Downs, a distance of 20 miles (32 kilometers) to the north. Smaller stones, referred to as “bluestones”
    (they have a bluish tinge when wet or freshly broken), weigh up to 4 tons and come from
    several different sites in western Wales, having been transported as far as 140 miles
    (225 km). It’s unknown how people in antiquity moved
    them that far. Scientists have raised the possibility that,
    during the last ice age glaciers carried these bluestones closer to the Stonehenge area,
    and the monument’s makers didn’t have to move them all the way from Wales. Water transport through raft is another idea
    that has been proposed, but researchers now question whether this method was viable. The story of how Stonehenge, and its sacred
    landscape, was built is evolving rapidly as new archaeological discoveries are made. The IBM Visual and Spatial Technology Centre
    at the University of Birmingham is using an array of technologies, including ground penetrating
    radar and magnetometers, to map Stonehenge and its environs. The project has produced an enormous amount
    of data, which scientists haven’t fully analyzed. In addition other research projects have also
    made recent finds, such as evidence for widespread prehistoric hunting and what may be a new
    road. When the new discoveries are combined with
    older finds, it shows that Stonehenge was just one part of a complex and constantly
    changing sacred landscape. From what scientists can tell, Salisbury Plain
    was considered to be a sacred area long before Stonehenge itself was constructed. As early as 10,500 years ago, three large
    pine posts, which were totem poles of sorts, were erected at the site. Hunting played an important role in the area. Recently researchers uncovered roughly 350
    animal bones, and 12,500 flint tools or fragments, just a mile away from Stonehenge, the finds
    dating from 7500 B.C. to 4700 B.C. The presence of abundant game may have led
    people to consider the area sacred. Recently researchers have also discovered
    a massive wooden building, which may have been used for burial rituals. Also, dozens of burial mounds have been discovered
    near Stonehenge indicating that hundreds, if not thousands, of people were buried there
    in ancient times. At least 17 shrines, some in the shape of
    a circle, have also been discovered near Stonehenge. As time went on the landscape continued to
    change. Around 5,500 years ago, two earthworks known
    as Cursus monuments were erected, the longest of which ran for 1.8 miles (3 km). More construction occurred around 5,000 years
    ago, with postholes indicating that either bluestones, or upright timber posts were propped
    up on the site. Then, around 4,600 years ago, a double circle
    made using dozens of bluestones was created at the site. By 4,400 years ago, Stonehenge had changed
    again, having a series of sarsen stones erected in the shape of a horseshoe, with every pair
    of these huge stones having a stone lintel connecting them. In turn, a ring of sarsens surrounded this
    horseshoe, their tops connecting to each other, giving the appearance of a giant interconnected
    stone circle surrounding the horseshoe. By 4,300 years ago, Stonehenge had been expanded
    to include the addition of two bluestone rings, one inside the horseshoe and another between
    the horseshoe, and the outer layer of interconnected sarsen stones. Construction at Stonehenge slowed down around
    4,000 years ago. As time went on the monument fell into neglect
    and disuse, some of its stones fell over while others were taken away. Recently, archaeologists found an interesting
    connection, between the earlier Cursus monuments and the later Stonehenge. They found that the longest Cursus monument
    had two pits, one on the east and one on the west. These pits, in turn, align with Stonehenge’s
    heel stone and a processional avenue. “Suddenly, you’ve got a link between [the
    long Cursus pit], and Stonehenge through two massive pits, which appear to be aligned on
    the sunrise, and sunset on the mid-summer solstice,” said University of Birmingham archaeologist
    Vincent Gaffney, who is leading the project to map Stonehenge and its environs. While there have been many theories as to
    why Stonehenge was constructed, recent discoveries indicate that Stonehenge’s landscape was
    a sacred area, one that underwent constant change. “It’s part of a much more complex landscape
    with processional, and ritual activities that go around it,” Gaffney told Live Science,
    noting that people may have traveled considerable distances to come to Stonehenge. One new theory about Stonehenge, released
    in 2012 by members of the Stonehenge Riverside Project, is that Stonehenge marks the “unification
    of Britain,” a point when people across the island worked together and used a similar
    style of houses, pottery and other items. It would explain why they were able to bring
    bluestones all the way from west Wales, and how the labor and resources for the construction
    were marshaled. In a news release, professor Mike Parker Pearson
    of the University of Sheffield said that, “this was very different to the regionalism
    of previous centuries. Stonehenge itself was a massive undertaking,
    requiring the labour of thousands to move stones, from as far away as west Wales, shaping
    them and erecting them. Just the work itself, requiring everyone literally
    to pull together, would have been an act of unification.” 3. The Great Pyramid of Giza
    Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza could contain two previously unknown ‘cavities’. Experts confirmed the existence of the mysterious
    cavities on Saturday, after scanning the millennia-old monument with radiography equipment. It follows an announcement by the antiquities
    ministry on Thursday that, ‘two anomalies’ were found in the pyramid built 4,500 years
    ago under King Khufu. They said they were conducting further tests
    to determine their function, nature and size. At 146 metres (480 feet) tall, the Great Pyramid
    of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, named after the son of Pharaoh Snefru, is
    considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It has three known chambers, and like other
    pyramids in Egypt was intended as a pharaoh’s tomb. ‘We are now able to confirm the existence
    of a ‘void’ hidden behind the north face, that could have the form of at least one corridor
    going inside the Great Pyramid,’ scientists from Operation ScanPyramids said in a statement. Another ‘cavity’ was discovered on the pyramid’s
    northeast flank, said the researchers who are using radiography and 3D reconstruction
    for their study. ‘Such void is shaped like a corridor and could
    go up inside the pyramid,’ Mehdi Tayoubi, founder of the Paris-based Heritage Innovation
    Preservation Institute, told Seeker. He said that currently no link can be made
    between the two cavities. Operation ScanPyramids began in October last
    year to search for hidden rooms inside Khufu, and its neighbour Khafre in Giza, as well
    as the Bent and Red pyramids in Dahshur, all south of Cairo. The project applies a mix of infrared thermography,
    muon radiography imaging and 3D reconstruction – all of which the researchers say are non-invasive
    and non-destructive techniques. Muons are ‘similar to X-rays which can penetrate
    the body and allow bone imaging’, and ‘can go through hundreds of metres of stone before
    being absorbed,’ ScanPyramids explained in a statement. ‘Judiciously placed detectors – for example
    inside a pyramid, below a potential, unknown chamber – can then record particle tracks
    and discern cavities from denser regions.’ In May, archaeologists revealed 3D scans taken
    using muons of the 4,500 year old Bent Pyramid at the royal necropolis of Dashur. These scans revealed the pyramid’s internal
    structure, clearly showing a second chamber around 60 feet above a lower chamber. ‘For the first time ever, the internal structure
    of a pyramid was revealed with muon particles,’ Mehdi Tayoubi, co-director of the ScanPyramids
    andpresident of the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute told Discovery in May. Some had suggested pharaoh Sneferu was buried
    inside the pyramid in a hidden chamber, but the latest scans have ruled out that possibility. For more than 4,500 years, Egypt’s pyramids
    have kept their secrets hidden deep within the labyrinth of passages, and chambers that
    lie inside their towering stone structures. But the long-running row over whether the
    Great Pyramid of Giza is hiding a network, of previously undiscovered tunnels behind
    its stone walls has now been answered. The researchers confirmed the find using cosmic
    particles known as muons to scan the Great Pyramid of Giza. They used the scans to create maps to reveal
    the internal structure of the 479 feet (146m) high pyramid. Last year thermal scanning identified a major
    anomaly in the Great Pyramid, the largest and oldest of the pyramids at Giza and one
    of the seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Those scans identified three adjacent stones
    at its base, which registered higher temperatures than others. This led to theories that they may be hiding
    a secret chamber that had yet to be discovered. A team of experts then set up the ScanPyramid’s
    project to use muons, tiny subatomic particle that are typically produced by cosmic rays
    smash into atoms on Earth, to peer through the Pyramid’s huge stone blocks, some of which
    weight up to 15 tons. Dr Hawass has in the past been sceptical of
    the usefulness of conducting such scans. He recently clashed publicly with British
    Egyptologists over their theory, that a secret burial chamber may be hidden behind the walls
    of Tutankhamun’s tomb in his pyramid in the Valley of the Kings. But Egyptologists have since disagreed on
    whether, there is a secret chamber in the tomb and further analysis is expected. 2. The Bermuda Triangle
    The Bermuda Triangle is a part of the world that has long been the subject of debate,
    and since the early 20th century has permeated the public consciousness. The Bermuda Triangle is a triangle of water
    located in the Atlantic Ocean, between Florida, Puerto Rico and Bermuda itself. The triangle of water is allegedly cursed,
    due to reports of many sea vessels and aircraft meeting their doom within the triangle. Reports range from unexplained disappearances
    of aircraft flying over the triangle to ships, which have emerged from the triangle with
    no crewman left on board. Explanations for these mysterious happenings
    have ranged from the supernatural to the scientific: some blame aliens, others blame magnetic fields
    and wormholes in time. However, recent researchers suggest that many
    of the mysterious disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle have been greatly exaggerated or
    even fabricated, raising questions as to whether or not there’s really anything strange happening
    around the ‘Triangle at all. Of course, reports of anomalies occurring
    within the Bermuda Triangle continue to emerge, so the mystery persists. Among other facts about Bermuda triangle,
    a highly notable fact is that over 8000 people have lost their lives, or have just vanished
    over the years due to this mystery of Bermuda triangle. Some of the top ship disappearance incidences
    are: Mary Celeste. Possibly one of the most mysterious stories
    of Bermuda triangle, this ship is a tale of its own. Discovered on 4th December, 1872 with everything
    right in the place except for the entire crew, the ship was found stranded in the sea. Studies of the ship clearly rule out a pirate
    attack since everything on this ship, including the barrels of alcohol it was transporting,
    and the valuable belongings of the crew were intact. Lots of speculation ensued that cover everything,
    from pirate attack to seaquakes to even crew losing its sanity due to some infected food
    material have been proposed. However, as much as these speculations seem
    reasonable, they clearly don’t fit. After all, why would a perfectly skilled crew
    on a good weather day, with their ship entirely uncompromised abandon it and then never surface
    again? It’s an unsolved mystery. Ellen Austin. It is an unnerving triangle mystery associated
    with the Ellen Austin, a ship bound for New York. In 1881, this white oak schooner was on her
    way to New York, when she stumbled upon a derelict that seemed fine minus any crew. In order to tow it back with her, she placed
    a prize crew on the ship, set to sail together. However, a squall separated path of the two
    ships following which the derelict vanished. On seeing this, Ellen Austin reportedly sailed
    back to London. However, reports suggest that the derelict
    was once more spotted, but this time had a separate crew than the prize crew placed on
    it by Ellen Austin. The disappearance of the ship, her reappearance
    and the absence of the prize crew is an intriguing story. It is more like a secret of Bermuda triangle,
    one that has seemingly no chances of being unraveled anytime soon. USS Cyclops. A fascinating triangle mystery in true sense,
    USS Cyclops is the largest human loss reported by US coast guard on a non combat ship. In March 1918, this massive ship set out to
    sail through the Bermuda region carrying about 309 crew members. Setting off on a fairly good day, the first
    and the only message sent by this ship indicated no sort of troubles. However, the ship was never heard from again. An entire search of the area was put into
    action but nothing was ever found. No remains of the ship or any of the more
    than 300 crew members aboard have ever been found. This ship continues to remain a mystery considering
    none, of the other possible reasons for its disappearance seems to fit completely. Carroll A. Deering. In 1921, an investigation team was set from
    Barbados to look into the five masted schooner Carroll A. Deering, believed to be involved
    in rum running. However, when the investigation team reached
    this ship, what they found was a deserted ship with all crew members gone along with
    some ship documents. The disappearance of this ship along with
    of few others, that happened during the same time period has been a valuable information
    on Bermuda triangle, but nothing that brings anyone any closer to solving this mystery. Reports suggest that as many as nine vessels
    disappeared during this period, from the same region – none of which was ever heard from
    again. Witchcraft. On December 22, 1967, a cabin cruiser named
    witchcraft left from Miami with her captain Dan Burrack. Few minutes into the sailing and a call was
    received from the captain stating, that his ship had hit something but there was no substantial
    damage. Indicating help to be towed to the shore,
    the coast guard set off immediately reaching witchcraft in as many as 19 minutes alone
    but to nothing. The area indicated as location of the ship
    was completely deserted, with no signs of any ship having been stranded or even present
    there previously. What’s most intriguing about this story
    is that this particular cruiser was virtually unsinkable, not to mention that numerous life
    saving devices present aboard including life jackets, life boats, flares, distress signal
    devices etc. None of them were used and the ship was gone. Nothing of this ship has been found till this
    day. The ship is gone and what remains is only
    the speculation that can be done now. Do you have any other stories to be associated
    with the Bermuda Triangle mystery? Let us know in the comments. 1. Easter Island
    Easter Island covers roughly 64 square miles in the South Pacific Ocean, and is located
    some 2,300 miles from Chile’s west coast, and 2,500 miles east of Tahiti. Known as Rapa Nui to its earliest inhabitants,
    the island was christened Paaseiland, or Easter Island, by Dutch explorers in honor of the
    day of their arrival in 1722. It was annexed by Chile in the late 19th century,
    and now maintains an economy based largely on tourism. Easter Island’s most dramatic claim to fame
    is an array of almost 900 giant stone figures that date back many centuries. The statues reveal their creators to be master
    craftsmen and engineers, and are distinctive among other stone sculptures found in Polynesian
    cultures. There has been much speculation about the
    exact purpose of the statues, the role they played in the ancient civilization of Easter
    Island, and the way they may have been constructed and transported. EARLY SETTLEMENT. The first human inhabitants of Rapa Nui (the
    Polynesian name for Easter Island; its Spanish name is Isla de Pascua) are believed to have
    arrived in an organized party of emigrants around 300-400 A.D. Tradition holds that the first king of Rapa
    Nui was Hoto-Matua, a ruler from a Polynesian subgroup (possibly from the Marquesa Islands)
    whose ship traveled thousands of miles before landing at Anakena, one of the few sandy beaches
    on the island’s rocky coast. Did You Know? After the decline of the moai culture, a new
    cult of bird worship developed on Easter Island. It was centered on a ceremonial village called
    Orongo, built on the rim of the crater of the Rano Kao volcano. The greatest evidence for the rich culture
    developed by the original settlers, of Rapa Nui and their descendants is the existence
    of nearly 900 giant stone statues, that have been found in diverse locations around the
    island. Averaging 13 feet (4 meters) high, with a
    weight of 13 tons, these enormous stone busts – known as moai were carved out of tuff
    (the light, porous rock formed by consolidated volcanic ash), and placed atop ceremonial
    stone platforms called ahus. It is still unknown precisely why these statues
    were constructed in such numbers and on such a scale, or how they were moved around the
    island. PHASES OF ISLAND CULTURE. Archaeological excavations of Easter Island
    reveal three distinct cultural phases: the early period (700 – 850 A.D.), the middle
    period (1050 – 1680) and the late period (post-1680). Between the early and middle periods, evidence
    has shown that many early statues were deliberately destroyed, and rebuilt as the larger and heavier
    moai for which the island is most famous. During the middle period, ahus also contained
    burial chambers, and the images portrayed by moai are thought to have represented important
    figures that were deified after death. The biggest statue found dating to the middle
    period measures about 32 feet tall, and consists of a single block weighing about 82 tons (74,500
    kilograms). The late period of the island’s civilization
    was characterized by civil wars, and general destruction; more statues were toppled, and
    many mataa, or obsidian spearpoints, have been found dating to that period. Island tradition claims that around 1680,
    after peacefully coexisting for many years, one of the island’s two main ethnic groups,
    known as the Short-Ears, rebelled against the Long-Ears, burning many of them to death
    on a pyre constructed along an ancient ditch at Poike, on the island’s far northeastern
    coast. OUTSIDERS ON EASTER ISLAND. The first known European visitor to Easter
    Island was the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen, who arrived in 1722. The Dutch named the island Paaseiland (Easter
    Island) to commemorate the day they arrived. In 1770, the Spanish viceroy of Peru sent
    an expedition to the island; the explorers spent four days ashore and estimated a native
    population of some 3,000 people. Just four years later, the British navigator
    Sir James Cook arrived, to find Easter Island’s population decimated, by what seemed to have
    been a civil war, with only 600 to 700 men, and fewer than 30 women remaining. A French navigator, Jean-Francois de Galaup,
    Comte de La Perouse, found 2,000 people on the island when he arrived in 1786. A major slave raid from Peru in 1862, followed
    by epidemics of smallpox, reduced the population to only 111 people by 1877. By that time, Catholic missionaries had settled
    on Easter Island, and begun to convert the population to Christianity, a process that
    was completed by the late 19th century. In 1888, Chile annexed Easter Island, leasing
    much of the land for sheep raising. The Chilean government appointed a civilian
    governor for Easter Island in 1965, and the island’s residents became full Chilean citizens. EASTER ISLAND TODAY. An isolated triangle measuring 14 miles long
    by seven miles wide, Easter Island was formed by a series of volcanic eruptions. In addition to its hilly terrain, the island
    contains many subterranean caves with corridors, that extend deep into mountains of volcanic
    rock. The island’s largest volcano is known as
    Rano Kao, and its highest point is Mount Terevaka, which reaches 1,969 feet (600 meters) above
    sea level. It has a subtropical climate (sunny and dry)
    and temperate weather. Easter Island boasts no natural harbor, but
    ships can anchor off Hanga Roa on the west coast; it is the island’s largest village,
    with a population of roughly 3,300. In 1995, UNESCO named Easter Island a World
    Heritage site. It is now home to a mixed population, mostly
    of Polynesian ancestry, and made up of the descendants of the Long-Ears and Short-Ears. Spanish is generally spoken, and the island
    has developed an economy largely based on tourism.

    4 Disappearances That Have Been Solved
    Articles, Blog

    4 Disappearances That Have Been Solved

    August 13, 2019


    1. Lula Cora Hood
    In 1970, a single mother named Lula Cora Hood left her home in Galesburg, Illinois after
    a family argument and never returned. She left behind her 15-year-old daughter. Cora suffered from mental health problems
    and was in and out of her children’s lives even before she disappeared. But this time she never returned to her family,
    who believed they would never hear of her again. There were no leads, no tips, no sign of what
    had happened to her. She simply vanished. Then, 15 years ago, mushroom hunters found
    human remains in a Galesburg brickyard. After making a facial reconstruction, detectives
    believed that the bones belonged to Lula. However they were unable to confirm this through
    DNA analysis as testing on bones could not be done at the time. Nonetheless Cora was assumed dead and the
    family buried the remains and held a memorial service to say goodbye. It seemed as if the mysterious vanishing had
    at last been solved. For 13 years that grave would be considered
    to be Lula’s, and the mystery would be case closed, Untill 2009 when a fresh DNA analysis
    showed the remains interred 15 years ago were not those of Lula’s at all, and belonged
    to another unidentified individual. After DNA ruled out Cora as a match for the
    remains, police reopened their investigation with an online database search using her first
    and middle names and her date of birth. Authorities were able to discover that an
    84-year-old woman living in Florida was in fact the long missing Lula Hood, and that
    she had a new family and had eventually had 14 children. Even though Cora did not remember her daughter
    after all these years, they eventually reunited. Incidentally, in 2013, the female remains
    were finally identified as another missing woman named Helen “Ruth” Alps. 2. Wendy Von Huben
    Sixteen-year-old Wendy Von Huben lived in Woodstock, Illinois, with her family. She was dating a nineteen-year-old boy named
    Jesse Howell, who had recently moved into his own home. On February 22, 1997, Wendy told her parents
    that she was staying over at a friend’s house. In reality, however, Wendy and Jessie ran
    away, after Jesse promised to take her around the world. When wendy didn’t come home the next day,
    her parents reported her missing. They later learned from her school that she
    had skipped classes up to a week prior to her disappearance. Wendy and Jesse went on a trip along with
    another couple. During the trip, they slept in their friend’s
    car and stopped in different states. They ended up in Bradenton, Florida where
    they parted ways with the other couple. Shortly after they ran out of money and lived
    under a bridge near Dade City for few days. On March 19, Wendy called her parents and
    asked for $200 for a bus ticket back home for her and Jesse. A few days later, Jesse called his parents
    from a nearby truck stop. He said that they were on their way home. However, two days later, on March 23, Jesse
    was discovered bludgeoned to death near the railroad tracks in Marion County, Florida. He had been struck from behind and there was
    no evidence of a struggle. There was still money in his pocket and a
    half-smoked cigarette on the ground. A small drop of blood on his jacket was believed
    to belong to Wendy. However wendy was nowhere to be seen. Several weeks later, on June 4, Wendy’s parents
    received a phone call from Wendy in which she said, “It’s me, Wendy!” and then hung
    up. She then called again and told her father
    that she was at a gas station in Kankakee, Illinois. However, the conversation was so short, her
    father was not sure that it was actually her. Police tracked the phone to a Phillips 66
    gas station. After viewing surveillance videotape, they
    spotted a teenage girl that matched Wendy’s description. Her parents watched the tape and agreed that
    the girl was Wendy. Police estimated that the tape was filmed
    within minutes of the phone calls. Some local drifters told police that Wendy
    was travelling with a one-legged railroad car rider known as “Bob,” who has since been
    identified as Bobby Ray Taylor. In April of 1998, the drifter named Bobby
    Ray Taylor was located. He denied ever being with Wendy and it was
    determined that he was not involved in the case. In July of 2000, Angel Resendiz, also known
    as “The Railroad Killer”, confessed to killing Wendy and Jesse. He claimed he met Wendy and Jessie on March
    21, 1997, in a large railway yard in Baldwin, Fla., where hobos and the homeless are known
    to live. Sometime that night, they got on a grain car
    heading south. Wendy and Jessie began asking Resendiz where
    they could get jobs without having identification. He told them he was going to work the orange
    fields and told them he could show them where they are. By March 23, they had traveled about 85 miles
    when the train stopped just short of Ocala. Resendiz got off, and Howell followed him. Resendiz then took a rubber hose lined with
    heavy metal that is used to connect rail cars and hit Howell over the head, killing him
    with one or two blows. Resendiz said he got back on the train alone,
    and he and Wendy went on. Wendy didn’t knew what happened to Jessie
    at this point. Resendiz told investigators he and wendy got
    off the train in Oxford, where he tied her up, then choked her to death with his arms
    about 35 feet from the tracks. He said he covered her body with a military
    jacket he was wearing and a blanket. Resendiz led police to Wendy’s remains, which
    were found fifteen miles from the spot where Jesse was found. DNA and jewelry found on the remains confirmed
    her identity. Resendiz confessed to at least nine other
    murders. Police believe he was responsible for at least
    fifteen murders dating back to 1986. He was executed in June of 2006. 3. Pamela Jackson And Cheryl Miller
    ON the evening of May 29, 1971, 17 year-old Cheryl Miller and 17 year-old Pamella Jackson
    were on their way to a high school party in Vermilion, South Dakota, driving in a beige
    1960 Studebaker Lark. The car was Cheryl’s grandfather’s. The girls stopped at the local church and
    talked to some boys after visiting Cheryl’s grandmother in the hospital earlier that day. The boys were going to the same party Cheryl
    and Pamella were. They agreed to follow the boys to the party
    in their own car. However, the boys missed a turn and accidentally
    drove past the party. When they turned around they no longer saw
    the Studebaker’s headlights. They figured the girls had simply lost the
    nerve to attend the party. The celebration went on, but the girls and
    the Studebaker would not be seen again, until 2013. In the following weeks, volunteers and law-enforcement
    officers searched the gravel pit, surrounding roads and even the nearby Missouri River. But their efforts yielded nothing. The mystery persisted, year after year, for
    more than four decades. Authorities had their theories about the girls’
    disappearance. At first, they believed the girls to be runaways
    because of their ages. Other thought they runaway to a hippie commune
    in California. Soon, A man named, David Lykken, already serving
    a prison sentence on unrelated charges was indicted for murder in the deaths of Miller
    and Jackson in 2007. However, the charges were dropped after it
    was found out an inmate faked his confession about Lykken’s involvement in the case. Then, on September 23, 2013, a fisherman who
    was fishing by South Dakota’s Brule Creek noticed two wheels sticking out from the creek’s
    embankment. Investigators recovered the car from the embankment,
    which was caked with mud. The location of the creek is in an area that
    is rarely traveled. It is 30 miles east of Vermillion, almost
    right on the Iowa border. Record flooding followed by a drought is what
    brought the upside-down car into view. Days later, it was reported that their were
    two sets of skeletal remains found inside the car. The remains were later confirmed to be those
    of Miller and Jackson. According to officials, the victims’ vehicle
    was stuck in a third gear, the lights were on, and their skeletal remains were in the
    cabin. One of the tires on the car was damaged. The car keys were found in the ignition. Investigators also recovered Miller’s purse,
    which contained her driver’s license, photos and notes from her classmates. Those factors pointed to an accident and the
    case was finally closed after 43 years. 4. Lucy Johnson
    In 1965 Lucy Ann Johnson, mother to a son, David, and a daughter, Linda, vanished. Her husband Marvin Johnson reported her missing
    from their home in Surrey, British Columbia, near Vancouver, Canada, in 1965, but upon
    further investigation police were alarmed to find that, after talking to various neighbors,
    it seemed Lucy had not been seen since September of 1961. Based on witnesses reporting that Marvin had
    been digging a septic field in the yard a few months prior, the Surrey Royal Canadian
    Mounter police dug up the yard of the home which was located near 103rd Avenue and 145th
    A Street in North Surrey, but found nothing. Lucy Ann Carvell, born in 1935 in Alaska met
    her first husband Marvin Johnson and married in Blaine, Washington, later moving to Surrey. After reading a profile of her mother, considered
    British Columbia’s oldest missing persons case, Linda evans, decided to take matters
    into her own hands. Knowing that had her mother been alive she
    would have been in her late 70s, Linda Evans committed herself to uncovering the truth
    of her mother’s disappearance before she herself got too old. Linda’s father remarried after her mother’s
    disappearance and later passed away in the late 1990s, and Linda’s brother David died
    as a teenager, so Linda knew she was the last chance at finding out the truth. Utilizing the bare bones facts she knew, (Linda
    was only seven or eight years old when her mother disappeared) Linda set out on her own
    investigation. She posted an advertisement in a local newspaper,
    the Yukon News near her mother’s birthplace giving her mothers name, birthdate, birthplace
    and physical description (5’5, olive complexion, dark hair) as well as her grandparents names. Linda hoped to make contact with somebody,
    anybody, who might know her mother’s fate. In 2013, Shortly after posting the ad she
    received a call from a woman from Yukon, in the Northwesten Territory of Canada, next
    to Alaska, who believed that Linda’s mother might be her mother as well. Linda was shocked to find that her mother
    was not only alive but that she had a new family, With three sons and one daughter. Weeks later, Linda flew that 1,200 miles from
    Vancouver to the Yukon Territory where her mother now resides. When asked why she vanished, Johnson claimed
    that her husband Marvin, Linda’s father, deceased in the late 90s, was abusive and
    unfaithful and unscrupulously banned her from the house without informing the children. Linda is not sure if she believes the story
    as it seems highly unlikely that a mother would leave her children so voluntarily. Linda was skeptical at first but she ended
    up believing her mother. Linda, now in her late fifties, is considering
    moving to the Yukon Territory to Live near her mother and make the most of their years
    left together.

    Unsolved Mysteries with Robert Stack – Season 8 Episode 15 – Full Episode
    Articles, Blog

    Unsolved Mysteries with Robert Stack – Season 8 Episode 15 – Full Episode

    August 9, 2019


    [MUSIC PLAYING] ANNOUNCER: Tonight on
    Unsolved Mysteries. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    For more than 20 years, Mary Clamser has suffered
    from the debilitating effects of multiple sclerosis. Then a violent summer storm
    swept over Mary’s house and brought with it what can
    only be called a miracle. A powerful bolt
    of lightning that apparently released
    Mary from the shackles of a devastating disease. July 1986. A young marine was nearly
    killed during a brutal hazing ritual called a Code Red. If it sounds like
    a movie plot, it’s because the film, A
    Few Good Men starring Tom Cruise and Jack Nicholson,
    was based on the incident. Tonight, the disturbing
    untold story behind the movie. Most people know Reggie White as
    one of the most feared players in the National Football
    League, but he’s also an ordained minister. Last January a tragic fire
    ravished White’s church in Knoxville, Tennessee. In the ruins investigators found
    the unmistakable signs of arson and the ugly taint of racism. They call him a
    taunting bank robber, but now his flamboyant criminal
    career has come to an end thanks to one of our viewers. Join me for these intriguing
    cases and much more. Perhaps you may be able
    to help solve a mystery. [MUSIC PLAYING] Almost everyone knows
    about the hit movie, A Few Good men
    starring Tom Cruise, Jack Nicholson, and Demi Moore. But not everybody knows
    that A Few Good Men is based on an actual event. It tells a story
    of Marines on trial for attacking a squad
    member in a brutal hazing ritual known as a Code Red. Amazingly, that event still
    has repercussions today. Repercussions that may have
    led to the mysterious death of one of the Marines who
    executed the Code Red. [MUSIC PLAYING] ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): David Cox of Needham, Massachusetts
    joined the Marines straight out of high school. Being one of the proud and the
    few was all he ever wanted. In 1986, David was stationed in
    Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a Naval base the US had refused to
    give up when Fidel Castro came to power in the 1950s. Political tensions kept
    the base on constant alert. Trouble filtered
    down to David Cox when another platoon member,
    PFC William Alvarado, wrote to his senator
    about Marine misconduct. CHRISTOPHER VALDEZ: We didn’t
    actually decide to have a Code Red for Alvarado on our own. Our platoon commander had
    given us an implied order that if we were good
    Marines something should happen to Alvarado. Saturday night we went
    into Alvarado’s room. We blindfolded him and
    gagged him and then dragged him off of his bed. [MUFFLED YELLNG] Dave started shaking his
    head and within five minutes he had stopped
    struggling, so we knew something was wrong with him. Something’s wrong. He’s not breathing. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): David
    Cox convinced his platoon mates to stop the hazing. Back up. Back up. Stop it. So we removed the
    gag, untied him, and he still didn’t come around. He was still unconscious. So at that point,
    we started to panic. Everybody else
    get to your rooms. ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): Alvarado was rushed to the hospital. He recovered, but
    his 10 attackers were slapped with charges. Relax, Cox. Sir, yes, sir. That’s relaxing?
    Come on. Sit down. Don Marcari was appointed
    to defend David Cox. They’re going to charge
    you with attempted murder. They got a confession
    from you and they got a pretty beat up Marine. Doesn’t look too good. Sir, I was just
    following orders, sir. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    David claimed the Code Red started
    with implied orders from his superior officers. They’re prepared to offer you
    an administrative discharge. It’s less than
    honorable, but there’ll be no court martial proceeding. And you wouldn’t be
    looking at 20 years if you were found guilty. Sir, but I’m not guilty, sir. DONALD MARCARI: I
    told David that this was a defense,
    obedience to orders, that had not been
    successful at Nuremberg. Had not been successful with
    Lieutenant Calley at My Lai. And plus, we had a Colonel
    denying he ever gave an order. So we had the additional
    burden of now saying he was following an implied order. That was a very difficult case
    to win and I told David that. All right, Cox. We’ll do it your way. DONALD MARCARI: He
    decided he wanted to fight it because he
    believed in his heart that he didn’t do any wrong. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    David’s gamble was a qualified success. He was convicted only
    of simple assault and sentenced to
    time already served in the brig. He then
    completed his hitch, received an honorable discharge,
    and returned to civilian life in his hometown in
    the Boston area. Jack Nicholson was so mean. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Six years later, when A Few Good Men hit the
    theaters, David felt the movie makers had stolen his story. Other than that,
    there was a lot of parts that didn’t happen like that. I mean, for one,
    the guy didn’t die. You know that. I saved him. ELAINE TINSLEY: David’s reaction
    was that he was stunned. Here he was, he was watching
    his life in front of him and he wasn’t getting
    any of the credit for it. The anger came a little
    bit later because here was this movie company that
    was making tons, millions of money off of his story. And if it weren’t for him,
    the story never would have existed in the first place. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): David
    and some of the other Marines involved in the Code Red
    filed suit against the movie production company. While it was pending, David
    spoke out about his case on radio talk shows. By January of 1994, David
    and his girlfriend Elaine had set up
    housekeeping together. David was hoping a temporary
    job at United Parcel Service would become permanent. What about the job? Are they going to keep you? Oh, I don’t know. I mean, I’m doing
    everything I should do. STEVE COX: Dave was very
    enthusiastic about getting on board with them. I think it was something where
    he felt that he could have a full time steady occupation. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): David
    expected to hear about the UPS job on January 5, 1994. Because of a back
    problem, he spent the night before on the couch. I hope UPS calls. Thanks. Have a good day. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Elaine left about 8:30. Shortly after noon,
    she called home. David didn’t answer, but
    there was a message for him on the machine. [BEEP]
    – JIM (ON ANSWERING MACHINE): Hi. Message for David Cox. This is Jim at UPS. I’ve got some good news for you. Give me a call. Thank you. So I was really excited. I was like, oh cool, Dave’s
    going to get this job and he’s going to be so excited. And then I called back again
    at 1:00 to check messages and that message was still
    there and the UPS guy had called again too. David? ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): At
    5:30 Elaine returned home. David? ELAINE TINSLEY: I came to the
    house that night after work. I realized right away that
    the doors to all the rooms were open and our
    rabbit, who we usually just kept in the kitchen, was
    hopping all over the place. JIM (ON ANSWERING
    MACHINE): Hi, David. It’s Jim again at UPS.
    Please give me a call. Thank you. [MUSIC PLAYING] ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    David’s truck was still in the driveway,
    the keys in the ignition. David had left an
    uncashed paycheck on the dashboard and
    his 9 millimeter gun in the glove box. But David himself was gone. I immediately had
    a feeling of dread because I know
    David well enough. David would not just disappear. And right from the start
    I was very concerned. As the days went on
    and there was nothing, there was no news from him. I mean, we checked his bank
    account and his bank account was– there was no activity
    on his bank account. You start to believe
    that, you know, maybe something did
    happen, but why? ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    There would be no answers until the spring thaw. On April 2, 1994,
    the body of David Cox was discovered on the
    banks of the Charles River in Medfield, Massachusetts,
    approximately five miles from his apartment. He was shot, according
    to the ME, four times. Once at the base of
    the rear of the neck and three times in the
    left side torso area. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    David’s wallet was still in his back pocket,
    cash and credit cards intact. It seemed obvious that
    robbery was not the motive and police have since
    ruled out a random attack. They are convinced David left
    his home with someone he knew. SGT. KEVIN SHEA: It’s
    our belief that he got in the car willingly. That he knew who was
    coming to pick him up. And that he went to this area
    and walked into the woods with this person. We really believe that David was
    what we would call a scrapper. If he knew there was some
    danger loitering ahead, he would do his best
    to get out of that. I think that if it was
    somebody that was just holding a gun on him, or
    something like that, they would do it
    within the first 30 or 40 yards into the woods. David was found almost 3/4 to
    a mile walk into the woods. [MUSIC PLAYING] [GUNSHOT] DONALD MARCARI: I don’t
    know why David was killed. I personally believe
    it had something to do with the military. He was taken out of his house
    without signs of struggle. He was wearing his Marine Corps
    jacket, which he never wore. He was found between
    two hunting ranges where gunshots would
    not be unusual. And he was murdered
    execution style. Now, there is a movie opening
    tonight called A Few Good Men. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): After
    the release of A Few Good Men, David had been highly
    vocal about his story and the US activities in Cuba. David’s family believes he
    may have talked too much. To say the least, we were
    trying to provoke a war. Pretty much every day. Because of this colonel? Yeah. He would never say
    anything directly, but it was certainly
    implied, absolutely. JUNE COX: After I heard
    that interview on the radio, I spoke to him and I said, I
    don’t like what you’re doing, I think what you’re
    doing is dangerous. The colonel had implied– JUNE COX: I think
    he felt far too free to just speak his mind. –to his congressman
    saying that– ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): Police
    checked out the military angle to David’s murder. We realized
    there was something going wrong because he wasn’t
    fighting back after awhile. SGT. RICK NAGLE:
    There’s nothing here that shows us that the military
    in any way, shape, or form are involved with David’s death. But we’re certainly open to
    anything that comes our way in regards to the military. There’s this guy there. He’s a supervisor. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    David’s brother suggested another possible scenario. A UPS connection. They’re taking
    the good packages and taking them away
    from the regular– Stealing? Yeah, they’re stealing. STEVE COX: A couple of months
    before Dave disappeared he had mentioned to me that
    he had come upon a supervisor and one of the drivers involved
    in some type of activity, what he believed
    to be, was theft. I interviewed a
    number of people. They were candid
    with me, I felt. Certainly, if there was
    anything there with UPS, I think, as far as
    they were concerned, paramount was David’s death. And they would have
    certainly told me anything that UPS was involved with. At this point, the
    investigation’s still open. It will remain open
    until we solve it. Again, we’ll follow any leads
    that come through vigorously and remain to do that
    until it is solved. I’m angry what
    happened to my son. I’m angry that someone can
    do that and get away with it. [MUSIC PLAYING] My life has been
    devastated by his murder. It really has. A death would be bad enough,
    a murder is just dreadful. At this point, police
    have only one hope. That someone saw David Cox
    leave his home between 8:30 and noon on January 5, 1994. Perhaps someone saw the
    person who picked him up or the vehicle they left in. Coming up, for a disabled woman
    a harrowing brush with death apparently culminates
    in a miraculous rebirth. But first, NFL
    superstar Reggie White asks for your help
    to find the arsonist who burned down his church. [MUSIC PLAYING] The capture of
    a criminal suspect always brings us
    great satisfaction. Tonight, another fugitive is in
    custody, thanks to your calls. Thomas Dixon is the walking
    definition of career criminal. He was paroled in May of
    1984 after serving 10 years of hard time for armed robbery. It hadn’t reformed him one bit. This is a hold up. Stay cool. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    During the five months following his release from prison, Dixon
    and a series of accomplices knocked off seven banks
    in North Carolina. An FBI raid brought down
    Thomas Dixon in October of 1984 and he spent another
    decade behind bars. He was paroled in 1994,
    as unrepentant as ever. This is a hold up. ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): Dixon again hit banks in the Carolinas. Five in a seven week spree. He showed up in one
    surveillance tape after another. Have you, FBI, ever
    heard of Thomas Dixon? No. Should we? ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): But there was a disturbing new
    twist to Dixon’s MO. Now, he taunted the
    FBI with advance notice of his bank jobs. When one of Dixon’s getaway
    cars was discovered, federal investigators concluded
    that he had deliberately left it for them to find. Inside were photos of
    Dixon’s impressive arsenal. In a note, Dixon
    threatened future robberies and warned of a bloody showdown
    if anyone tried to stop him. SPECIAL AGT. IN CHARGE DODGE FREDERICK: Dixon
    was alerting us to the fact that he is heavily
    armed and he has every intention of using
    those arms in a confrontation with law enforcement. ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): One week before a broadcast,
    Thomas Dixon struck again, this time in Pennsylvania. Here’s Keely with the dramatic
    conclusion to the case. Bob, thanks to
    one of our viewers, Dixons’ most recent heist
    will probably be his last. After the robbery,
    Dixon fled Pennsylvania and eventually made his way
    to Clarksville, Tennessee. KEELY SHAYE SMITH (VOICEOVER):
    In Clarksville, Dixon took a room in this motel. Pam Poteete, a
    resident housekeeper, first became wary of Dixon
    when she cleaned his room. PAM POTEETE: It’s
    the way he acted. He was weird. I mean, he stood by the
    beds, in between the beds by the luggage. He wouldn’t never sit down. Didn’t want you
    to make the beds. You know, stuff like that. It’s like he was
    on guard, you know. His luggage. He just was, you know,
    ready, watching you. KEELY SHAYE SMITH (VOICEOVER):
    When Dixon’s story aired, Pam Poteete recognized
    him instantly. Within minutes,
    Pam had contacted both the Unsolved
    Mysteries phone center and the authorities in Tennessee. By sunrise, FBI agents had
    Dixon’s hideaway staked out. SPECIAL AGT. BRET MURRAY: We knew he
    was armed and dangerous and he vowed not
    to be taken alive. With that information,
    obviously, you want to approach the subject
    with extreme caution. But once we got him subdued,
    he was very cooperative. All he said is, you got me good. Basically, that the way that
    you guys arrested me was the way you needed to arrest me. And it was a lot better
    that way then, quote, to throw bullets at each other. [MUSIC PLAYING] ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    January 8, 1996. Fire ravages the Inner City
    Church in Knoxville, Tennessee. At first, it seemed
    an isolated tragedy, but it would soon
    become linked to what may be a series of
    vicious hate crimes targeting black churches. This church, however,
    has a famous voice speaking out on its behalf. Reggie White, the most
    feared defensive end in professional football. But the man opponents see as a
    6 foot 5, 300 pound brick wall with legs, has another career. God sent Moses away
    for about 40 years to get him ready
    to face Pharaoh. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): Reggie
    White is an ordained minister. When he’s not
    tackling quarterbacks, he’s back in his home state
    of Tennessee saving souls. In 1993, Reggie White and two
    longtime friends in Knoxville founded the Inner
    City Church by merging two congregations into one. Their goal, to create
    a church that would serve poor people of all races. Their motto, together
    we can make a change. REGGIE WHITE: It’s very
    important and it’s very vital. I believe that our church is
    doing things in our communities that no other
    churches are doing. You know, the most segregated
    hour it is in our country is on Sunday 11 to 12 because
    blacks go to black churches, whites go to white churches. And we wanted to
    try to have a church that everybody
    would feel welcome, no matter what the color was. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    It was a noble undertaking. With aggressive community
    outreach and self-help programs, the church thrived. Then disaster. REGGIE WHITE: I
    believe in my heart that it was an attack
    from the devil himself. That there were devil
    inspired people that he used to firebomb our church. We had a big
    snow on the ground. ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): David Upton is the church’s senior pastor. When I arrived there,
    it was a sickening feeling in my stomach to see. The things we had
    fought for, the things we had worked so
    hard to establish over the years of a
    ministry, just to see it just go up in flames. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): Within
    hours, agents from the FBI and the Bureau of Alcohol,
    Tobacco, and Firearms began to investigate. SPECIAL AGT. IN CHARGE RICHARD GARNER:
    An immediate visit to this location indicated
    to us that it was a very deliberate criminal act. The sanctuary portion
    of the building had been totally destroyed, but
    there is another building that sets on the back side of
    the property that adjoins the rear of the sanctuary. It’s a building in which there
    are classrooms and offices. As the agents went through
    that portion of the structure, they found multiple
    Molotov cocktails. They found that both
    floors of this structure had been saturated with
    gasoline and kerosene. And they found gasoline
    cans and kerosene cans scattered throughout
    this portion of the building. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Agents also found racial epithets
    scrawled on the walls, leaving little doubt that
    the arson was a hate crime. Reggie White was appalled. That turned to outrage when
    he learned that his church had not been the first. The only reason that you’re
    hearing about my church is because of me. But there have been
    22 other churches that’s been firebombed. That’s a problem. And this problem
    needs to be rectified. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    The statistics are alarming. The count is now at least 24
    black churches hit by arson in the past three years. The attacks have occurred
    throughout the South in Louisiana,
    Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Virginia,
    North and South Carolina. The most recent arson fire
    occurred on March 5, 1996. SPECIAL AGT IN CHARGE VIRGIL
    YOUNG: Both the FBI and the ATF are looking to see if
    there are any links. We recognize that someone in
    Kansas, for example, might say, let’s burn black churches. And associates in Tennessee
    and Alabama and Florida might go out and
    do those things, but they might use
    entirely different methods. I don’t believe it was
    anyone that would be what you would call a professional. Based on the way the fuel was
    in the building, the way the set ups were in the
    building, I think that they just thought
    if a little is good, a whole lot’s better. And that’s what they tried
    to do is put enough fuel in there to do the job. ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): Three days after the Inner City
    Church fire, flyers from two white supremacist
    groups, the BFI Brotherhood and Skinheads for White
    Justice, turned up at a bank that had ties to the church. However, the possibility
    remains that both the flyers and the graffiti
    were planted as decoys. SPECIAL AGT. IN CHARGE VIRGIL YOUNG: With
    a deliberate act of arson, the arsonist wants us to
    look in a different direction away from him. So we have to consider
    the possibility that the racial graffiti
    was placed there to divert us into a different direction. So we have to consider
    the racial motivation as a possibility, but
    we also have to look at other motivations as well. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    The Inner City Church did not have
    enough fire insurance to cover all the damage. But with hard work from the
    parishioners and donations from the community,
    both black and white, they hope to rebuild. But the problem
    is, because racism has alienated itself so
    that you can’t touch it when it afflicts you– ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    In the meantime, Reggie and his fellow pastors
    keep their congregation’s spirit strong with
    church services held at a local school auditorium. That’s why we shooting
    each other today. That’s why we allowing drugs– This just makes me
    more determined. And I know that the only way
    that you defeat the devil is that you have to
    do it as a group. And that’s why I would say, what
    I would call whites and blacks, to come together and find
    out how to work together. Because what kills
    the enemy’s tactics is if a bunch of people
    of all ethnic backgrounds start loving each other. [MUSIC PLAYING] ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): When
    we return, for many years, Mary Clamser struggled
    with the crippling effects of multiple sclerosis. Though her face never
    wavered, Mary certainly didn’t believe in
    miracles until a freak accident changed her life. [MUSIC PLAYING] The state of Oklahoma is a
    natural laboratory for studying the world’s worst weather. Here at the National Weather
    Service in Oklahoma City, meteorologists track
    an average of one severe thunderstorm every week. Sometimes the storms
    bring tornado force winds, sometimes softball sized hail. Not long ago one of those
    storms brought with it a gift from the heavens. What one woman calls
    a modern day miracle. [MUSIC PLAYING] August 17, 1994. Mary Clamser never thought
    of herself as a warrior. For 23 years she fought a battle
    against multiple sclerosis, a battle she was losing fast. Mary had no idea that this
    day an extraordinary event would erase her years of torment
    and give her back her freedom. In 1972, Mary was 19 years
    old, vibrantly healthy, and recently engaged
    to marry Ron Clamser. Six months before the wedding,
    she went to the hospital with what she thought
    was a bad case of flu. MARY CLAMSER: We didn’t know
    whether he had some kind of intestinal bug or whatever. And shortly after being
    admitted to the hospital, a lot of neurological
    problems started coming up that we weren’t even aware of. Mary? Hi. Hi. How are you doing? ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): Mary
    and Ron were certain something was seriously wrong, but
    the doctors tried to shield them from the brutal facts. Can you move your legs at all? No. Can you feel this? I can’t feel anything. I feel pain. MARY CLAMSER: It was extremely
    frustrating not knowing what was going on,
    feeling so many different changes in my body. The left leg was
    going out, there were bladder complications. So many things were going
    wrong it was like I had no control over my own body. Like, they won’t
    tell me anything. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    The final diagnosis was devastating. Mary had multiple sclerosis. Ron set out to learn
    exactly what that meant. It’s a degenerative
    nerve disease. It affects the impulses from
    the brain to the muscles. So what stage is Mary in? They don’t know. I mean, one good thing
    is that she’s young. Ron found out
    that MS could attack Mary in waves, each episode
    lasting a few weeks. Between bouts, Mary would appear
    to be disease free, sometimes for months. Over the years, however,
    the attacks could get worse and more frequent. MARY CLAMSER: They
    told me that I probably would never walk again. And if we did proceed to
    go ahead and get married, I would not be well enough
    to have children, if I could have children at all. And Ron came in
    shortly after that and we talked and I said
    to him, you deserve better. You deserve a wife that
    can walk and a wife that can grow with you and
    have children with you. And they’re telling me
    I can’t do any of this. And I took off the
    engagement ring and said to him as much as I
    loved him with all my heart, the only way I could give love
    back to him was to let him go. I just gave it right back
    to her, and I said, no. I mean, I just have faith
    that things will work out and, you know, when
    you get married, you get married for
    better or worse. We’re engaged to be married
    for better or worse. To me, it was the same thing. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Mary spent the months before her wedding in
    the hospital, too week to address the
    invitations herself. Just two weeks
    before the ceremony the disease relented,
    giving Mary enough strength to walk down the aisle. The wedding day was
    only a brief respite. The MS soon returned. Despite her illness,
    Mary refused to give up her dream of being
    not only a wife, but a mother. Over the next 10 years,
    Mary struggled through three difficult pregnancies so she
    and Ron could have a family, two sons and a daughter. Our children have
    grown up with a mom that was in the hospital
    many times, a mom that couldn’t walk many times. And it was incorporated
    into the family life. Because even when I was
    ill, my focus always was Ron and the children. You know, it wasn’t
    something that was easy, not that I want to
    say she was a burden. But you know, we had to
    carry her to the car, we had to take the scooter
    apart and put the wheelchair in. So it became, not a hassle,
    but it was a lot of work. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    After 23 years, the cycles of Mary’s illness
    had become almost routine. A few weeks, perhaps
    a few months, of disability, then another
    precious period of normalcy. In the summer of 1992 that
    cycle abruptly changed. This attack was different
    because it went past a year. And prior to that, no attack
    had gone past six months. So we began to wonder,
    when it went past a year, how long it was going to last. I could not leave
    the bed, literally. And I would hear the children
    arguing amongst themselves. It was your turn to do this
    or that, or Ron coming home from work very frustrated. And I remember one night
    feeling really kind of– the only way to describe
    it was, as if I had died, but I was laying in
    the back room listening to my family fall apart. [THUNDER] ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Then came August 17, 1994. It could have been a
    metaphor for Mary’s life, a beautiful
    day that suddenly turned dark and stormy. Mary decided to take a
    bath while she could. As the tub filled,
    the storm intensified. [THUNDER] MARY CLAMSER: I
    would have to say, on that particular day
    was one of the worst storms I’ve ever seen in the 12
    years we’ve been in Oklahoma. At that particular
    time, the leg brace was up against the
    porcelain part of the tub. And when I went
    to turn the knob, I saw the flash of lightning,
    but I never heard the thunder. [BUZZING] ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): At least 10,000 volts of electricity had
    coursed through Mary’s body. Enough force to launch her
    six feet across the room. Mom, are you all right? Mom, wake up. Mary was alive. A miracle by any standard. But there was an even
    greater one to come. Mary? Mary, I’m Dr. Lee. Tell me, what happened today? MARY CLAMSER: I remember feeling
    like my body was on fire, pins and needles shooting
    up and down my arms, and being totally confused. One second, sir. God, my fingers are on fire. OK, Mary. Mary, listen to me. Take a deep breath. Breathe, honey. Breathe. All of a sudden,
    I’m feeling my legs. What’s he doing? Why? I can feel that. Oh, no.
    She can’t feel. Yes, I can. I can feel that. MARY CLAMSER: And I started to
    get really, I guess, agitated. It was like, I feel
    you touching me, why do I feel you touching me? Because you have to
    remember, for 23 years I couldn’t feel my left leg,
    and for two years, my right leg. And now all of a sudden, for
    no reason to my knowledge, I feel both of them. I mean, I was
    dumbfounded and shocked. And I didn’t know what to think. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Neither did anyone else. Medical literature
    includes accounts of lightning making blind
    people see and deaf people hear. But the doctor warned
    Ron that the effects are often temporary, usually
    lasting no more than 30 days. More often than
    not, the patient can go back to her prior condition. This could just be a
    temporary situation. But you ran that
    think up and down her. She felt it. MARY CLAMSER: In
    the next two weeks I was in quite a bit of pain. I mean, I was miserable. I didn’t even get to
    enjoy feeling my legs. And every few hours
    Ron would even call me and say, I know you’re
    hurting, but can you still feel your legs? I mean, that was
    the $64 question. It was like, yes. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Incredibly, Mary could soon do more than feel her legs. Two weeks after being
    struck by lightning, she walked across her kitchen
    without a second thought. She didn’t even realize
    what she had done until she found herself at
    the refrigerator a dozen feet from
    her wheelchair. Ron, honey. MARY CLAMSER: I was at a part of
    the kitchen that, to this day, I can’t tell you
    how I got there. What are you doing over here? MARY CLAMSER: And
    I thought, well, I can’t handle this anymore. Because now I’m doing things I
    don’t even know how I did them. You walked? Yes. You want to try it again? OK. Hold on to me, OK? OK. All right. MARY CLAMSER: I took some
    real robotic, toddler type kind of walk. And I mean, it was like
    three or four steps and went into his arms and
    was like, I just did that, didn’t I? And he’s like,
    yeah, mom, you did. [LAUGHING] ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Mary improved rapidly. A few days later, when Ron
    Sr. Arrived home from work, Mary was waiting
    with a big surprise. She had walked out the front
    door and down the sidewalk completely under her own power. No leg brace, no support. [LAUGHING] Now, stand back. Stand back. Watch. ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): The Clamsers were thrilled, but not yet ready
    to call the cure permanent. MARY CLAMSER: In the beginning,
    we did worry about, well, the 30 days. You know, what if they were
    wrong and it was 60 days? And then I started
    thinking, I’m not going to worry about
    it because whatever amount of time, that’s
    time I had we never thought I would have. It’s almost like
    a second honeymoon. I mean, it is almost like
    year one starts over again. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Today, almost two years later, Mary exercises regularly and
    lives a completely normal life. RON CLAMSER: I mean,
    we can dance again. We can go out together
    and walk again. Go shopping together. There’s just so many things that
    were missing that we have back. And it’s just, it’s
    just like a rebirth. [MUSIC PLAYING] ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    When we return, a tragic accident claims
    the life of a young woman. Now, her daughter needs your
    help to uncover the secrets of her family’s past. [MUSIC PLAYING] Recently, we received an
    unusual request from a woman named Ladonna Alfano. LaDonna was just a little
    girl when her mother died in a terrible accident. 35 years later, LaDonna has
    no memories of her mother and only scant details
    about her mother’s family. Tonight she hopes
    that will change. December 29, 1961. In the early
    afternoon, a train left Dallas, Texas heading west. [TRAIN HORN] The route would take
    it through the heart of downtown Abilene, Texas. Kids, are you ready? Come on, David, Amani. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER): Around
    the same time, two army wives in Abilene, Darlene
    Alfano and Pinky Johnson, gathered up their children
    for a trip into town. Want your dolls? [TRAIN HORN] Let’s go on by McBride’s also. They’re having a
    sale on pot roast. OK, good. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Around 2:00, Pinky and Darlene were heading north
    on Shelton Street towards the center of town. No one knows how
    or why it happened, but the car ended up right
    in the middle of the tracks. [BELL RINGING] What’s wrong? Pinky, there’s a train. What’s wrong? [TRAIN HORN] I can’ get it to start. What do you mean, you
    can’t get it to start? It won’t start. There’s a train coming. It won’t start. There’s a train. [TRAIN HORN] [BREAKS SQUEAL] [CRASHING] ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): The car was literally torn
    to shreds, its roof sheared completely off. The human toll was incalculable. Two of the children
    died almost immediately. A third would die
    in the hospital. As would one of the
    mothers, Darlene Alfano. Her husband, Fred,
    was by her side. [ALARM RINGING] FRED ALFANO: I was sitting
    with her, talking to her and I was holding her hand. She took a very deep breath,
    held it for a few seconds, and very slowly let it out
    and I knew she had expired. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Fred Alfano found myself almost completely alone. He had lost his wife
    and two of his children. His other child,
    LaDonna, had survived, but was barely hanging on. FRED ALFANO: They
    never gave me any hope for any of them surviving. They were all almost universally
    sure that LaDonna would not survive because of facial
    damage extended all the way down to the base of her brain. LaDonna? It’s me, Daddy. Hi, Daddy. Hi. ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): LaDonna had suffered catastrophic
    injuries to her face and head. But against all the odds,
    she began to recover. See? ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): Two weeks passed before Fred could
    bring himself to tell LaDonna about her mother and sisters. What happened to
    Rosalinda and Trisha? They’re in heaven. In a playground. So they can play together. What happened to Mommy? Mommy’s an angel. Is she really an angel, Daddy? She sure is. LADONNA ALFANO: When
    my father told me that my mother and my
    sisters had died I thought, oh, the angels had come
    down and gotten them. I was happy that
    there were angels. And everybody would talk
    to her in the hospital. First thing she
    would tell them was that my mommy and my sisters
    are angels in heaven. I’ve got three
    angels watching me. I knew she would be fine. I felt if she had taken that
    attitude, she would be fine. LADONNA ALFANO: Well, I used
    to think, why did I live? Why was I the one that survived? I believe that,
    when I was a child, that I lived for my father. That my father wouldn’t
    have survived it. I think her strength
    gave me strength. And my only direction
    in life then was to take care of LaDonna. And make sure she survived
    and had a normal childhood. ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    Over the years, LaDonna underwent a series
    of reconstructive surgeries on her face. But there was one
    thing the operations could not correct, the loss
    of her mother, Darlene. LADONNA ALFANO: I have no
    memories of my mother at all. I look at pictures of her and
    I try to remember something and it’s like looking at a
    magazine article of a woman. I have recollections of
    my twin, and my father, and my little sister. My father has told
    me stories about us as children with my mom
    and it doesn’t bring back any memories whatsoever. None whatsoever. ROBERT STACK
    (VOICEOVER): Compounding on Donna’s heartbreak
    was the fact that her father had only met
    her mother’s family a few times. Eventually, what
    little contact they did have ceased altogether. LADONNA ALFANO: After
    the accident happened, which is probably too painful
    to keep in touch with them. And now I’ve just decided I
    need to get in touch with them. I’m trying to, you know, get
    some connection with my past and try to remember something
    so it will fill in the holes of missing my mother. [MUSIC PLAYING] ROBERT STACK (VOICEOVER):
    One of the only clues LaDonna has is a
    letter she received from her maternal
    grandfather when she was 13. It contained a photograph of
    her mother’s sister, LaDonna’s aunt, Patricia Ann Hintz. My Aunt Pat is the only
    survivor of my mother that I know of. I think finding my Aunt Pat will
    definitely fill my emptiness. Just being able to
    touch her and knowing that she was a part of my
    mother is the only thing that I have of my mother. And it would– just knowing
    her, and meeting her, and hugging her, would be really
    even enough for me right now. [MUSIC PLAYING] Join me again this
    Friday at our regular time for an all new edition
    and Unsolved Mysteries. [MUSIC PLAYING]