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    Geography Now! LIECHTENSTEIN
    Articles, Blog

    Geography Now! LIECHTENSTEIN

    August 14, 2019


    Guys, it’s here. Some of you have been waiting for this episode for years. Sure, everybody knows about China, Brazil, Germany and Australia but how many of you know anything about little Liechtenstein! ♫ It’s time to learn Geography Now! ♫ Everybody I’m Host Barb’s. Okay, I actually had the incredible honour to not only go to this country with my mum last year And we also got passport stamps, which by the way Swiss geogra-peeps Hermann and Fabianne thank you for driving and hosting us, but I also had the incredible honour of meeting one of the incredibly rare and few native-born Liechtensteiner Geogra-peeps, Pascal. Dude, a real Liechtensteiner watches Geography Now. That’s amazing! Meeting an actual native of Liechtenstein is like finding a unicorn, in a haystack, in the Saharan desert. And the desert is made of haystacks, Sorry I’m just kind of gushing because come on we’re doing little Lichtenstein today. Let’s begin Now if you don’t know anything about Liechtenstein, the first thing you might need to know is that it is incredibly small. Like this sixth smallest country in the world. And it’s also rather difficult to get into in contrast to other European countries. First of all, Classified as a Microstate, the nation of Liechtenstein is located between Austria and Switzerland taking up only a hundred and sixty-two square kilometres, being only 25 kilometers long and and 9.4 Kilometers wide. It is also one of the only two doubly landlocked nations in the world meaning that it’s landlocked within other landlocked nations, the other one being Uzbekistan. The country is divided into 11 different municipalities with their own exclaves with the capital of Vaduz that has only about 5,200 people located in the center of the country. Vaduz is actually the second largest town in the country, the first being Schaan with about 500 more people. The country has no airports or seaports, but they do have a heliport at Balzers but that’s just like for tourist rides into the mountains. And they do have four train stations operated by an Austrian Federal Railway system and the stations are only serviced on weekday peak hours. So getting in, you’re much better off either taking a bus or car. To drive in, you can take various bridge crossings from Switzerland or you can come in from Feldkirch, Austria. There isn’t any border patrol or passport checks. It’s really easy. However if you do want a passport stamp, you can get one at the Tourism/ Post Office in Vaduz for about 3 Euros. Worth it! The main number 28 road pretty much crosses the entire country north to south as almost the entire country lives on the west side due to the high mountainous border to the east. The funny thing is: After World War 2, Liechtenstein actually had a little land dispute with what is now Czechia over the castles and forests and agricultural land plots that were hereditary lands that belonged to the former monarchs. These lands altogether made up a land area over ten times the size of the Liechtenstein. However when they brought it up, Czechia was like: “Hmm, so you want your old lands back, eh? Well, how about I give you the castles, but not the surrounding land areas.” to which Liechtenstein was like: Finally in 2009, they decided to drop the case and just let it go. But I mean whatever, they have like 7 other palaces in Austria and one in Italy. Otherwise some places of interest might include: The prince’s Castle in Vaduz Malbun, which has a ski resort The Main Square, the National Museum The Postage stamp Museum, The Schatzkammer treasure chamber The Kunstmuseum, The Landtag or “Parliament building” and Balzer’s gothic castle. All right. Now let’s take a look at those pristine Alps, shall we? For such a small country, Liechtenstein actually has a lot going on in terms of landscape. For one, the country is located on the Upper Rhine Valley in the European Alps along the longest river, the Rhine that borders with Switzerland. The entire eastern side of Liechtenstein is mountainous with the highest peak, Grauspitz located on the southern border with Switzerland as well. Just up north, the largest and pretty much only real lake in the country, Gampriner Seele can be found although it should be classified as a pond, but eh. When it comes to resources, Liechtenstein isn’t exactly top dog. I mean there’s a few cultivated fields in the south but overall, not too many things to extract. Nonetheless, they do actually have some industries like textiles, pharmaceuticals, power tools like the company “Hilti”. Other companies are in the country like “Neutrik”, “ThyssenKrupp”, “Hoval”, “Hilcona” and also Liechtenstein is the world’s largest provider of false teeth. Thanks to the company, “ivoclar vivadent” accounting for 20% of sales worldwide producing 60 million sets a year. It has something to do with the close relationship with Bollywood? Eh whatever, just look it up. It’s funny though. Because there’s actually more registered companies and jobs in Liechtenstein than there are people. Which is why over half the workforce has to travel into Liechtenstein from Switzerland or Austria. This means the country has the most exports per capita at around 122,000 dollars per person. It wasn’t always like this though. Before the 17th century, Liechtenstein was known for being “the Witch country” with boring farmers. It wasn’t until the beginning of the 20th century that Liechtenstein decided to change up fiscal policies and become a huge tax haven especially for billionaires, but it’s not like one of those blacklisted havens. It’s a good one, Okay? They do things right. St. Kitts & Nevis: “Hey, we’re just hustling, okay? Don’t act like you don’t too!” Out of all the seven-ish trillion shelter dollars worth in tax havens worldwide, Liechtenstein manages about 180 billion. In addition, They host nearly seventy four thousand ‘letterbox companies’ which don’t even really do anything but they still get paid for. So that means the system kind of keeps Liechtensteiners abundantly employed with about five million dollars and two companies to look after per citizen. Yeah, kids. If you really want to get rich, don’t seek after fame study Business and Finance with minors and accounting. Trust me. I’m a Youtuber. I know exactly what NOT to do. Oh, yeah. The national animal is the Kestrel. they even have a falconry center in Malbun. And some of the top notable dishes of Liechtenstein might include: “Käsknöpfle” which is like a variation of “Kaesespaetzle”, “Riobol”, “Sura käs”, Liechtenstein wine and those crown shaped chocolate things called… Oh geez, how do you pronounce this? “Fürstenhütchen” All right. Now, let’s move on to the ones that make those dishes. The people of this country. Once upon a time, there was this thing called the Holy Roman Empire. It was basically made up of like 1800 territories that eventually meshed and melded into what is now parts of like twelve different countries in Europe. Liechtenstein is basically the last surviving territory of the Holy Roman Empire that never really coalesced into any other state. Partially because nobody really cared about it and it was too small to bother with. BUT WHO’S LAUGHING NOW?! First of all, the country is nearly 38,000 people and is almost always ranked in the top three highest GDP per capita states in the world at nearly 180k per capita. The country is only about 1/3 Native Liechtensteiner whereas the remaining populous is made up of foreigners mostly Germans Austrians, Swiss and Italians They use the Swiss Franc as their currency, they use the type J plug outlet and they drive on the right side of the road. Which by the way, I hate the J plug outlet because half the time, the sockets are sunk into these weird hexagon shaped divots. Half the time, I couldn’t even fit my type C adapter plug when I was in Switzerland. Why? why do you guys do that? That’s like borderline statistic in Switzerland in Liechtenstein; that and your prices, for everything. Otherwise, I’d love everything else about you guys. 😀 Now here’s the thing: Liechtenstein is one of four countries in Europe that speaks German, however, they speak with their own distinct dialect very similar to the Swiss and Austrians. Obviously, it’s a little different from Hochdeutsch which is spoken up North in Germany. From what I was told, Liechtenshiners are known for saying “Hoi” for hello and “Tschau” for bye. Instead of “Kuh” for cow, they say “Buschla”. Instead of “Hügel” for Hill, they say “Böhel”. This is what you guys told me so yeah. Also I was told that this is how you can tell all the Germanic speaking countries apart. Let’s say that you gained weight. This is how a friend from each country would respond: Hmm, so how are you doing? Ahh! I see you’re enjoying your schnitzel eh? You got fat! Now like the Swiss, Liechtenstein has always kind of kept to themselves and stayed out of affairs. There’s a legend that says that when they fought in the Austro-Prussian war, they came back with negative casualties, as in, the army of 80 men came back with a friend. After that the military was disbanded and today, all military affairs are handled by the Swiss army even though they accidentally fired a shell and burned off a patch of their forest in the 80s and accidentally invaded in 2007 and Bah *I’m a sheep* You know, they laughed over it with glasses of wine. Now Liechtenstein is generally seen as being more conservative than other countries and more religious, mostly adhering to Catholicism with very strict stances on social issues like gay marriage abortion and immigration. In fact, less than 60 resident permits are issued every year for EEA citizens that work in Liechtenstein, half by lottery and half by government. Oh yeah, and the country is a monarchy, a principality to be exact. Essentially the Von Liechtenstein Family where the country gets its name from, are descended from Austrian noblemen related to the Hapsburgs. And even though they get little publicity, They are literally the richest Royals in Europe with a net worth of over 7.5 Billion dollars. The current Prince Hans-Adam II being the owner of LGT bank alone having a personal fortune of about four billion dollars. Yeah. By contrast, Queen Elizabeth has only about 500 million. The prince has four children and 15 Grandchildren. Alois being the next in line to the throne. Oh and his brother Maximilian married Angela Gisela Brown from Panama who was the first person of known African ancestry to have married into a reigning European dynasty. The royal family is actually quite popular and loved by the people. They’re very down-to-earth and they eat at cafes downtown in Vaduz regularly talking to the everyday citizens. Once a year, they even hold a party which everyone is allowed to come to the castle and share a beer. There is a bit of controversy though because today, they are the only monarchy in Europe in which the monarch has influence on every level of government. The prince can veto anything. In 2012, they held a vote which kind of went like this: The people: “We want to take away your powers of Exercising the option to veto bills.” The Royal Family: “Hmm, I mean if you really don’t want me around, I can totally just leave and let you guys handle everything.” The people: “Really??” The Royal Family: “Yeah, I’ll just take my 7.6 billion dollars corporate interest and revenue deals outside of the state, but you know, you can sell postcards to… tourists.” The people: “Wait, COME BACK!!” Annnnd, over three quarters of the population voted to let him remain with his original duties. Speaking of monarchy, History. We don’t have a lot of time to go too far into it, but the quickest way I can summarize it: Two small Holy roman empire earldoms of Vaduz and Schellenberg, 1699 this guy comes along, 1712, He purchases both Vaduz and Schellenberg hence joining the two together making the country complete, The Napoleon years but the prince is like a respected military leader so they remain independent, 19th century joins German Confederation although Austria gets left out which geographically separates Liechtenstein from Germany, World War I, breaks ties with Austria-Hungary, 1938 Prince moves back in from Vienna, World War II after Austria’s annexed, they are literally on the Nazi border But Hitler was like: “Meh, not worth it” and left them alone, They stay neutral and independent Post-World War II, economic boom, all the bank’s fiduciaries and engineers come in Czechia dispute, 1984, women are allowed to vote, the last European country to do so, 1995 they joined the EEA and here we are today. Oh and Liechtenstein has like one of the lowest crime rates in the world. Prisons are often empty and anyone with a sentence over 2 years is actually sent to Austria. It’s been said that people typically don’t even lock their front doors. For such a small population, everyone kind of knows everyone and has a close tie. Nonetheless, they still reach out and make friends abroad. Which brings us to… Now it doesn’t really matter how small your country is. If you’re able to handle your country’s overall economic output with a content populace, holding on to sovereignty is a breeze, and so is making friends. Today, They have six embassy missions abroad in Austria, Belgium, Germany Switzerland and the Vatican and the United States. However Switzerland is authorized to represent Liechtenstein in other diplomatic situations unless they decide to send their own delegates. Liechtenstein is interesting because they don’t host any embassies in their territory, but rather 32 honorary councils, surprisingly three of which are the African states of Chad, Senegal and the Central African Republic whom have reached out and made close ties for decades. They are not part of the European Union but rather part of the Schengen area, which means they have open borders and visa policies with the EU. And also as a member of the EEA, they have free movement of goods and persons and services as well, but yeah, not part of the EU. Austria and Germany have always been close friends especially the Southern Bavarian and Baden Württemberg states of Germany. These two make up some of the largest business partners and foreign population living in Liechtenstein, which is barely even much of a distinction since they are all germanic brothers to begin with. In earlier years, most of the monarchs actually chose to live in Austria rather than their own country until 1938 when Franz Joseph was like: “We’re moving back in folks!” When it comes to their best friends however, most Liechtensteiners might say the Swiss. They share everything. A customs union, a monetary union, military coverage, diplomatic delegates. They even speak relatively the same dialect and have similar mannerisms and culture cues. It’s often said that Switzerland sees Liechtenstein as its little yet surprisingly richer brother. I mean, they literally were totally cool with it when they got accidentally attacked. What more do you need to know? In conclusion, Liechtenstein is kind of like a high capacity storage microchip. Small yet absolutely flooding with abundance neatly tucked away in a small space hidden away from the public eye. Stay tuned, the second creepy Baltic twin, Lithuania, is coming up next.

    Death of the American Hobo (Documentary)
    Articles, Blog

    Death of the American Hobo (Documentary)

    August 14, 2019


    BEN: Your heart’s racing. Obviously, you’re hoping that
    we wouldn’t get caught. -There’s something about the
    hobo that has to be recorded in American history. BEN: The whole time we were
    asking ourselves, what is the story here? What is the story of the hobo? What is a hobo? EMPRESS VAGABOND HOBO LUMP: It’s
    not like people think. It’s hard, like, a hard life. -It’s speeding up! Go go go go go go! [APPLAUSE] AARON SMITH: This
    is Britt, Iowa. It’s a small town of about
    2,000 people out in the central Iowa cornfields. Over the last 112 years,
    Britt has become known for one thing– an annual event called The
    National Hobo Convention. There’s a hobo jungle, a hobo
    museum, and a hobo cemetery. In 1900, Britt was just a newly
    incorporated farming community in search of
    migrant workers. The town founders enticed the
    hobos to move their annual gathering from Chicago
    to Britt. A tradition was born that still
    brings self-described hobos to Britt every year
    for one August weekend. HOBO MIKE: I’ve been traveling
    trains since I was eight, and as a living since ’63. FROG: I started riding trains
    when I was 20 years old. I’m 62 years old now. WRONG WAY: [LAUGHING] I’m Wrong Way. My nephew gave me that name
    in the early ’70s. HOBO SPIKE: I started in 1952,
    and I used a train to go from one place to another
    to find work, and that’s how I survived. AARON SMITH: Most historians
    agree the hobo emerged after the Civil War. Young men from both sides set
    off across the country in search of work. By the turn of the century, the
    hobo had become part of the fabric of America. But today, what was once a
    substantial culture and way of life seems close
    to extinction. We wanted to see what was left
    of the hobo community, and we hoped we’d find it in Britt. In our minds, there was only one
    way to travel to the hobo convention– the
    freight train. We began our journey in Oakland,
    California, hoping to travel 1,900 miles on the
    rails in five days. AARON SMITH: These are the maps
    that show the different rail lines all over California,
    with like, special zoom-ins that show you all the
    little small towns that you can stop in, different crew
    changes, and this is something totally like, pre-iPhone. Now you can totally just
    GPS your location. But these maps were really
    helpful for a lot of people for a long time. Before a cohesive network of
    roads was laid across America, the train was the fastest way
    to get from place to place. Early hobos learned to ride by
    swapping information with other travelers they met along
    the way in hobo jungles. Chris is from Virginia and
    spends his time hopping freight trains around the
    country for pleasure. Our friend Ben lives in San
    Francisco and had a couple weeks off work and decided
    to join us. BEN: I wasn’t sure what
    to expect of the trip. I knew it was going to be an
    adventure, but I didn’t know exactly what the details
    and the minutiae of the trip would hold. We woke up that morning, hoping
    to catch a train. But we woke up, got ready,
    there was no train there. And as more time passed, we
    realized that the information we had gotten was probably
    incorrect. AARON SMITH: We decided to wait
    for another train, but a worker spotted us in the yard
    and called the bull. Bull is an old-time term
    for a railroad cop. It’s always been a cat and mouse
    game between the hobo and the bull. Back in the day, bulls had
    no problem killing hobos. Today, it’s a little
    bit different. -We don’t really have
    hobos anymore. -A transient, a hobo, vagrant,
    is a guy who participates on the rail property– trespass, hopping
    freights, yeah. -And a tramp, tramp’s in
    the middle, right? -What did they call it? Tramps. I like that. That was back in the day, man. That was back in the day. Tramps, hobos. -When have you seen somebody
    with a broomstick– -A tramp with a bag tied around
    his shoulder, right? All right, guys. You know how to get out
    of here, right? Don’t come back, all right? -Don’t come back. AARON SMITH: There seem
    to be very few people hopping trains anymore. The hobo seems like
    a museum piece. It’s like a joke, a word
    nobody uses anymore. We didn’t want to go to the
    Oakland jail, so we headed to Amtrak station with our tails
    between our legs. We got out to the next crew
    change stop on the line– Roseville, California. As soon as we got to Roseville,
    there was a train getting ready to take off. Bad decision. A conductor saw us and we got
    pulled off the train five miles outside of town. Uh, we just got pulled
    off this train here. -Again. AARON SMITH: Yeah, yeah, it
    was the second time today. Morale was low. Chris decided to set off on
    his own to Denver, and we hopped a gambling bus
    to Reno, Nevada. JACKSON FAGER: Now we’re in
    Reno, Nevada, feeling a little better about our situation, and
    hoping a train comes in the next couple hours. AARON SMITH: In the yard,
    avoiding bulls and workers is one concern. Finding a rideable
    car is another. Some of the wells on these
    double-stacked cars have a cubby hole you can
    ride in, but we weren’t seeing anything. The locomotive at the back of
    the train, called the rear unit, seemed like
    our best bet. But it’s risky. Workers periodically
    check the cars. Lucky for us, the train
    aired up, and we finally got on our way. We’re indoors, Amtrak style, and
    we’ve got these big plushy seats, continuing along. We’re in the middle
    of nowhere. For the first 100 miles,
    there were no roads, no highways, no nothing. It was just desert as far
    as the eye could see. It was beautiful. It was amazing to kind of get
    that, see what that was like, vast expanses of nature. MEDICINE MAN: Now, everybody
    thinks that the real hobo life is great, and it’s part of
    wanderlust, but it’s not. The hobo life is a very,
    very dangerous life. ADMAN: Sometimes painful, when
    everything is all fucked up. You’re looking around, and
    the bulls are out there. BEN: It felt like something out
    of a special operations combat mission. We spotted a grain train. We knew that this was our
    ticket out of Elko. Go go go go go! ADMAN: Riding on a flat car with
    a full moon, and watching the [CLICKING NOISE] It’s a game that gives you
    a fucking hard-on, I can tell you that. MINNESOTA JIM: Once you
    do it, it’s with you the rest your life. You want to keep on the move. ADMAN: We see the world
    in a different light. FROG: Always total, absolute
    freedom, every day of my life. HOBO SPIKE: I don’t think
    there’s any better way to see this great world of ours,
    especially our nation, than from a freight train. AARON SMITH: We were crossing
    the Great Salt Lake. The air was cool, and
    the smell of sulfur rose from the water. It was the most undisturbed
    stretch of natural beauty any of us had ever seen. The train forces you to slow
    down and take it all in. All the frustrations and
    anxieties of life back in civilization seemed
    to disappear. HOBO SPIKE: When you’re on the
    rails, if you don’t get caught, there’s no one to tell
    you what to do, when to go to bed, when to get up,
    what to eat. You’re on your own for 100%. AARON SMITH: Although we were
    loving the ride, we were running out of water fast. After close to 24 hours on the
    train, we were hungry, tired, dirty, and dehydrated. Well, our train stopped here
    in Green River, Wyoming. It’s just a little railroad town
    here in southern Wyoming. Just kind of roamed around and
    got the vibe of the town. HOBO SPIKE: Then when you get
    into a community, of course you have to fit into society,
    so you have to abide by laws at that time. But if you’re by yourself,
    you don’t have to pay attention to any law. AARON SMITH: So we walked over
    this bridge that we’re sitting under now, probably about
    110 degrees, dry heat. BEN: Just took a dip
    in the Green River. After four or five days not
    showering, it felt amazing. AARON SMITH: I’m gonna go
    get in there right now. BEN: Our days have
    been very full. We haven’t gotten
    a lot of sleep. It’s been a few hours here, a
    few hours there, trying to hop on trains successfully,
    which we sometimes have, sometimes haven’t. We’re always on the move trying
    to get to our end goal, which is Britt. AARON SMITH: No eastbound trains
    were coming through. The sun went down, and we
    enjoyed the solitude of the Wyoming landscape. Up to this point, we hadn’t seen
    any other travelers on the trains. At the turn of the century,
    there were around a million hobos on the rails. After the Depression,
    that number doubled. Hobos had organized their own
    union, and there were over 60 hobo colleges all across
    the country. Boxcars were crowded
    with riders. But something happened midway
    through the century. Maybe it was American
    prosperity. Where there were once millions
    on the road, today, there’s probably a couple thousand. In my experience, you hardly
    ever see anyone on the rails. The next morning, we decided to
    try our luck in the Green River yard. -Hey, man. -How about yourself? -We’re hitchhiking. -Sorry, man. -Oh, really? -All right, thank you. -OK, man. -Thank you. AARON SMITH: After getting
    warned by the cops to leave, we went back to our original
    spot under the bridge. MEDICINE MAN: Today, you don’t
    want to jump a train. It’s so dangerous, because the
    old steam locomotives, it was chug, chug, chug, and pretty
    soon, it was [ENGINE NOISE]. But today, in two minutes,
    they’re flying. AARON SMITH: Our train stopped
    in the middle of the yard, and we didn’t know why. AARON SMITH: An hour went by,
    and it felt like an eternity. Each time you get on
    the train, it’s a role of the die– a unique and unpredictable
    experience. Perhaps that’s one
    reason we do it– to gamble, to relinquish control
    completely, and give ourselves to fate and luck. That was one of the faster
    ones I’ve hopped on. You kind of had to run alongside
    and kind of throw yourself up. But we all made it. Really grateful for that. The train out of Green River
    had three units and looked like it would blaze across
    Wyoming, but it puttered along the entire time at
    35 miles an hour. It was time for a
    change of plans. We arrived in Laramie, Wyoming
    on Friday morning, with still 800 miles to go to
    get to Britt. We were behind schedule,
    and the convention had already started. We got off here in Laramie,
    Wyoming because the train was so damn slow. Rent a cars were too expensive,
    the Greyhound would take two days, so we ended
    up getting this U-Haul. 12-hour drive ahead of us, and
    we’ve gotta haul ass to Britt. In keeping with the spirit of
    our trip, we picked up all the hitchhikers we saw
    along the way. JOE YOUNG: Hey, what’s
    up, guys? I’m Joe Young. I’ve been on the road for about
    four or five years. The only way I get around
    is on bicycle. AARON SMITH: We picked
    up another guy. This is Alex. He’s coming from Colorado. ALEX: How’s it going? AARON SMITH: It didn’t take us
    long to fill up the back of the U-Haul. After six grueling days
    of traveling, we finally arrived in Brit. We were ready to hang out with
    hundreds of hobos and swap stories about our travels
    on the rails. -Hello! Happy Hobo Days! -Happy Hobo Days! -What we found instead was a
    family-friendly event with a bunch of tourists. BEN: Just a number of
    townspeople, big farm tractors, fancy or unusual cars,
    and homemade floats. People– not hobos. -All aboard! -The hobo convention has gone
    county fair mainstream. This wasn’t the wild, drunken,
    turn of the century event that brought 1,800 hobos
    here in the 1940s. -Well, we’re serving mulligan
    stew, and it is what the traditional hobo
    used to serve. Meat– we have pork in ours–
    and then it has beef flavoring, and pork flavoring,
    and then vegetables, barley, and rice in it, and
    then water. -Every year for the past 112
    years, the hobos have elected a hobo king and queen. -This year, our new
    queen is Angel. And your new king is
    Minnesota Jim. -It’s an important moment for
    them, especially now that most of the hobos are senior
    citizens. The hobo jungle in Britt is a
    well maintained park on the edge of town. It used to be a pretty
    wild place. EMPRESS VAGABOND HOBO LUMP:
    This is not the same. They bring in like a family
    affair, and a history thing, and people learning. Because the hobo, you wouldn’t
    be finding no children in an old camp, you know
    what I mean? People really was kind of
    sleeping out, and across the tracks or in the bush. It was more like a jungle. AARON SMITH: Today, there’s
    a lot of rules. No drinking, no drugs,
    no unleashed dogs. It’s become the kind of place
    that people used to become hobos to get away from. Most of the hobos we met were
    retired from riding trains. Living an itinerant life for
    decades takes its toll. MEDICINE MAN: A modern-day
    hobo, probably in my estimation, is getting to the
    point where it’s rubber tire hobos that come together
    and perpetuate history. AARON SMITH: The convention
    has become a shadow of its former self. The city’s turned it
    into a parody. There are still plenty young
    people out there riding the rails for adventure, but those
    who call themselves hobos and travel around looking for
    work are a dying breed. FROG: And it’s still there. Though I’m not riding freight
    trains, it’s still there. I still want to ride. AARON SMITH: Out on the rails,
    we slowed down and experienced an adventure that was
    once a way of life for a lot of people. The train tracks persist on,
    relics on the landscape, entry points into the hidden world. We felt a deep nostalgia for a
    time that’s passed and sadness for the American hobo, fast
    disappearing down the westbound track. FROG: I have one final ride, and
    it’s my westbound journey. -For the moments of happiness,
    for the love, for the moments of disappointments, for
    everything, hobo is thankful to the railroad.

    Dirt the Railroad Cat King of the Shops at Nevada Northern Railroad
    Articles, Blog

    Dirt the Railroad Cat King of the Shops at Nevada Northern Railroad

    August 14, 2019


    Every so often there’s a feel-good story
    really worth sharing. And this is one of those stories. This is Dirt. Dirt is about 11 years old. He was born in a wooden crate in the boiler shop, which we’ll go in in a moment. He’s fixed so we don’t have any kittens running around. Don’t let Dirt’s looks deceive you, he’s a
    very loved kitty cat. 😻 She gets a bath every once in a while but it doesn’t
    last very long before she’s not covered in coal dust again.🚂 We’ll actually fire up the crane for that too we’ll take the crane out and do demonstrations. There’s two weeks in February where we have the locomotives hot. While they’re hot, Dirt will get up in the engine and lay next to the firebox and lay somewhere close and stay warm all night. Or we’ve got two big propane heaters in the shop and he’ll just go lay in front of them. if you’re interested in
    meeting dirt, what I heard is that she gets really curious when she hears the
    tour’s coming through the engine room she usually comes out to get petted if
    you just crouch down and hold your hand out she’ll come to you. 😺 Dirt even has her
    own merchandise just check out the Depot store for more info 😸 Hope to see you again sometime dirt As for us we’re back on the road We’ll catch you guys later, bye Don’t forget to subscribe and you’ll be notified when I add new content. Thanks for watching! 😸👍

    The Legend of the Haunted Railroad Tracks in San Antonio, Texas!
    Articles, Blog

    The Legend of the Haunted Railroad Tracks in San Antonio, Texas!

    August 13, 2019


    In this area, it has a legend haunted story! In 1940s or earlier, There was a school bus carrying around 10 kids to the school. The engine was broken down while the bus was on the railroad! A bus driver was puzzled and tried to figure out a way to solve the engine issue. Apparently, a bus driver didn’t realize the bus was on the railroad. Then, he saw a train coming and it was too late to save kids or himself. The train crashed the school bus and everybody were killed. So what’s happening next now? Now, I’m getting a baking soda. What is this for? We’ll take a car on the railroad, then we will wait and it will eventually move. Maybe a car was being pushed by kids who were killed in the train crash. You might see kids’ handprints on those baking soda. Maybe they’re trying to save us from getting killed. You see the sign says no stop on the railroad, which means they know people do come here to confirm the experience. Now, I’m taking my car on the railroad. Justin will set a camera tripod to capture the entire action. I’m here to make sure that we’re not getting hit by a train. It’s what terrified me the utmost right now. I have that imagination what if it will hit us or not. You funny. I know you’re doing it. I’m parking here. We’re giving it a try again. Now it’s moving backward. I have to admit it’s the ideal spot for feeling tension or terrifying a bit. We were nervous about cars driving through us. I think it’s moving on its own. I didn’t do anything lol. Let’s check the baking soda. What! It’s true! We did several tests. Some did move on its own. We just had to see if there are any kid hands. And hands are right there! The total is 10 hands. I think it’s more than just ten hands. (Joking: not true about hands) (There are two cars testing the railroad now. I just learned that there is 2 inches horizontal off. When you park on the railroad, it will stay a while but it will move later. Why? It has a steep a bit. Once it’s moved, then everybody immediately assumed it is pushed by kids!

    Ep. 99: Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad | Colorado travel RV camping
    Articles, Blog

    Ep. 99: Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad | Colorado travel RV camping

    August 13, 2019


    Hey folks, welcome back to Grand Adventure!
    I’m your host Marc Guido, and we are returning today to Silverton! But this
    time we’re going to take a different way to get there. Stay tuned! RVers traveling through southwestern
    Colorado are often drawn to ride aboard the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge
    Railroad, a three-foot narrow gauge heritage railway that operates 45 miles
    of track between the towns of Durango and Silverton paralleling the southern
    half of the Million Dollar Highway. If you haven’t yet seen our a Million
    Dollar Highway episode, we’ll put a link right here on the screen so that you may
    go back and check it out. Durango Depot was built in January 1882 and has been
    preserved in its original form. All seating is reserved.
    Passengers may choose between vintage coach seating or open air observation
    gondola seating. Standard class round-trip fares range from $89 to $99 for adults, and $55 to $65 for
    children. For a little bit more, guests may take a one-way train from Durango to
    Silverton and return to Durango aboard a bus. We’re accompanied by our Vermonter
    friends Colin and Abby, with whom we’re traveling and camping for a bit, as well
    as their daughter Kari. The route was originally opened in 1882 by the Denver
    & Rio Grande Railway as an extension of the narrow gauge line from Antonito
    to Durango, to transport silver and gold ore mined from the San Juan Mountains.
    Trains have run continuously on this line since 1881, although it is now a
    tourist and heritage line hauling passengers, and is only one of the few
    places in the U.S. that has seen continuous use of steam locomotives.
    Today’s Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad was formed in March 1981
    and exclusively runs coal-fired steam trains. Some of the rolling stock dates
    back to the 1880s. Trains operate in winter from Durango to the Cascade Wye, and
    on to Silverton only in the summer months as numerous avalanche paths reach the
    tracks north of Cascade Canyon. Today we’re riding the first
    train into Silverton of the season. As the train heads north from Durango, hosts
    in period costumes assume the character of the region’s past residents to share
    the area’s history, along with the railroad’s, as well as to answer questions
    from passengers. After leaving the flag stop at Rockwood
    the train is the only ground transportation into the Animas Canyon.
    Here the train winds onto the Highline, a famous section of the railroad where
    the train crawls along the face of high cliffs. At this trestle the engine crew blows
    down the engine to clean sediment from the boiler, and the train reaches a track
    speed of 15 miles per hour for the rest of the route into Silverton. The railway is a federally designated
    National Historic Landmark, and is also designated by the American Society of
    Civil Engineers as a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark. Former Union
    General William Jackson Palmer came to Colorado after managing the construction
    of the Kansas Pacific Railroad into Denver in 1870. Prior to the war he had
    risen within the ranks of the Pennsylvania Railroad, serving as
    Secretary to the president. After arriving in Denver he formulated a plan
    to build a narrow gauge railroad southward from Denver to El Paso ,Texas,
    and those plans were eventually expanded to include extensions throughout the
    booming mining country of central and southwestern Colorado. After the Denver
    & Rio Grande reached Durango in August 1881, construction began that fall on the
    rail’s extension into Silverton. Construction was finished only 11
    months later, and trains immediately began hauling both passengers and
    freight. After hauling an estimated 300 million dollars’ worth of precious metals,
    with the decline of mining revenues the railroad struggled until a summer
    tourist train began running on the Silverton branch in 1947. Today the
    Silverton branch and the nearby Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad are the only
    remaining remnants of the Denver & Rio Grande’s once extensive narrow gauge
    system. Here at Tank Creek, the engine stops to take on water. The fireman
    tops off the tender, taking on around 4,000 gallons of water, as the engineer
    oils around the engine and inspects machinery and bearings. Here we pass one of the debris piles
    left by one of the many avalanches that struck the tracks over the winter. Crews
    worked for weeks to clear this particular slide for the trains to pass. After nearly four hours on board our
    train arrives in the heart of tiny Silverton, Colorado. Although this
    historic mining town is home to only a few hundred residents today, it was once
    so prosperous that it was only the second town in the U.S. to receive
    electrical service. It nevertheless still has only one paved street. We chose to lunch at the Avalanche
    Brewing Company, which serves delicious pizzas, wraps, salads and homemade soups
    alongside its namesake selection of handcrafted beers. After an hour and a half to explore the
    town and grab a bite to eat, it was time to reboard the train for the four-hour
    return trip to Durango. Engine 476 is a K-28 class locomotive
    designed for freight service along the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad. Built in
    1923 by the Schenectady Locomotive Works of the American Locomotive Company in
    Schenectady, New York, its tractive effort is rated at 28,000
    pounds of force, and weighs over 254,000 pounds,
    or 127 tons. Smaller than the railroad’s K-36 class locomotives, they’re often used
    on the route’s shorter trains, usually the first or last on the schedule. Out of the
    original ten 470s used by the Denver & Rio Grande, only three remain,
    and all are owned by the Durango & Silverton railroad. The other seven were
    requisitioned by the United States Army in 1942 to be used on the White Pass &
    Yukon route in Alaska during World War II. They were later dismantled for scrap
    in 1946. This locomotive 476 saw extensive service on the San Juan
    passenger train that ran between Durango, Colorado and Alamosa, Colorado
    until 1951, and began service on the Silverton branch in the 1950s. So for our trip to Durango we had planned
    to boondock off of Madden Peak Road, where we stayed last year when we
    visited Mesa Verde. However, the roads — the Forest Service
    roads — aren’t open yet, so we ended up camping instead in Mancos State Park. The
    US Bureau of Reclamation commissioned the Jackson Gulch Dam in 1948 , and Mancos
    State Park — set at an elevation of 7,800 feet, with beautiful views of the nearby
    La Plata Mountains — was officially established in 1987 along the shores of
    Jackson Gulch Reservoir. Camping is available year-round and is divided
    between two dry campgrounds, with the main campground set in a pine forest
    just east of the dam, and a few other sites scattered along the west side of
    the lake, best suited for tenters. Sites include a picnic table and fire ring.
    Potable water is available in the main campground, and a dump station is
    included in the camping fee for use on the way out.
    Vault toilets are scattered throughout the main campground, but there are no
    showers. This is dry camping for $18 a night. We’d be a little less enthralled
    with this opportunity were it not for the fact that the campground is nearly empty.
    We’re right on the shores of beautiful Jackson Lake and this has been actually
    a great stay. We’re looking forward to the rest of our state here in Macos State
    Park. So, we hope you enjoyed riding the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge
    Railroad with us! It’s a wonderful tourist attraction here in southwestern
    Colorado, and a great way to get a glimpse of the charming town of
    Silverton in the San Juan Mountains. If you’re not yet a Grand Adventurer, now’s
    the time to smash that little red subscribe button down there in the
    corner, and ring that notification bell! If you liked this video, please give us a
    thumbs up down below! Also down below you will find our comments section where we
    always love to hear from you. Now, next we’re going to be visiting Hovenweep and Canyons of the Ancients National Monuments here in southwestern
    Colorado and southeastern Utah. We air new outdoor adventure videos
    each and every Wednesday. We’d therefore be honored if you shared
    Grand Adventure with your friends and family, and on social media.
    Until next week please remember … life is nothing but a Grand Adventure! We’ll
    see you soon!

    Traveling Pakistan by Train Faisalabad to Lahore Railroad Journey
    Articles, Blog

    Traveling Pakistan by Train Faisalabad to Lahore Railroad Journey

    August 13, 2019


    Traveling by Train from Faisalabad to Lahore via Chak Jhumra, Sangla Hill, Farooq Abad and Shekhupora. Faisalabad Railway Station is on Khanewal Wazirabad Branch Line. Passengers from Karchi, Lahore Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Quetta Peshawar and many more Cities and Towns of Pakistan access to all parts of Pakistan by Faisalabad Railway Station. in the Pakistan Railways trains Shalimar Express, Pakistan, Night Coach, Karakoram, Akbir, Badir and Ghouri Express.

    Canada & The United States (Bizarre Borders Part 2)
    Articles, Blog

    Canada & The United States (Bizarre Borders Part 2)

    August 12, 2019


    Canada and the United States share the longest,
    straightest, possibly boringest border in the world. But, look closer, and there’s plenty
    of bizarreness to be found. While these sister nations get along fairly
    well, they both want to make it really clear whose side of the continent is whose. And
    they’ve done this by carving a 20-foot wide space along the border. All five and a half
    thousand miles of it. With the exception of the rare New England
    town that predates national borders or the odd airport that needed extending, this space
    is the no-touching-zone between the countries and they’re super serious about keeping it
    clear. It matters not if the no-touching-zone runs through hundreds of miles of virtually
    uninhabited Alaskan / Yukon wilderness. Those border trees, will not stand. Which might make you think this must be the
    longest, straightest deforested place in the world, but it isn’t. Deforested: yes, but
    straight? Not at all. Sure it looks straight and on a map, and the
    treaties establishing the line *say* it’s straight… but in the real world the official
    border is 900 lines that zig-zags from the horizontal by as much as several hundred feet. How did this happen? Well, imagine you’re
    back in North America in the 1800s — The 49th parallel (one of those horizontal lines
    you see on a globe) has just been set as the national boundary and it’s your job to make
    it real. You’re handed a compass and a ball of string and told to carefully mark off the
    next 2/3rds of a continent. Don’t mind that uncharted wilderness in the way: just keep
    the line straight. Yeah. Good luck. With that. The men who surveyed the land did the best
    they could and built over 900 monuments. They’re in about as straight as you could expect a
    pre-GPS civilization to make, but it’s not the kind of spherical / planar intersection
    that would bring a mathematician joy. Nonetheless these monuments define the border
    and the no-touching-zone plays connect-the-dots with them. Oh, and while there are about 900 markers
    along this section of the border, there are about 8,000 in total that define the shape
    of the nations. Despite this massive project Canada and the
    United States still have disputed territory. There is a series of islands in the Atlantic
    that the United States claims are part of Maine and Canada claims are part of New Brunswick.
    Canada, assuming the islands are hers built a lighthouse on one of them, and the United
    States, assuming the islands are hers pretends the lighthouse doesn’t exist. It’s not a huge problem as the argument is
    mostly over tourists who want to see puffins and fishermen who want to catch lobsters,
    but let’s hope the disagreement gets resolved before someone finds oil under that lighthouse. Even the non-disputed territory has a few
    notably weird spots: such as this tick of the border upward into Canada. Zoom in and
    it gets stranger as the border isn’t over solid land but runs through a lake to cut
    off a bit of Canada before diving back down to the US. This spot is home to about 100 Americans and
    is a perfect example of how border irregularities are born: Back in 1783 when the victorious Americans
    were negotiating with the British who controlled what would one day be Canada, they needed
    a map, and this map was the best available at the time. While the East Coast looks pretty
    good, the wester it goes the sparser it gets. Under negotiation was the edge of what would
    one day be Minnesota and Manitoba. But unfortunately, that area was hidden underneath an inset on
    the map, so the Americans and British were bordering blind. Seriously. They guessed that the border should start
    from the northwestern part of this lake and go in a horizontal line until it crossed the
    Mississippi… somewhere. But somewhere, turned out to be nowhere as
    the mighty Mississippi stops short of that line, which left the border vague until 35
    years later when a second round of negotiations established the aforementioned 49th parallel. But there was still a problem as the lake
    mentioned earlier was both higher, and less circular than first though, putting its northwesterly
    point here so the existing border had to jump up to meet it and then drop straight down
    to the 49th, awkwardly cutting off a bit of Canada, before heading west across the remainder
    of the continent. Turns out you just can’t draw a straight(-ish)
    line for hundreds of miles without causing a few more problems. One of which was luckily spotted in advance:
    Vancouver Island, which the 49th would have sliced through, but both sides agreed that
    would be dumb so the border swoops around the island. However, next door to Vancouver Island is
    Point Roberts which went unnoticed as so today the border blithey cuts across. It’s a nice
    little town, home to over 1,000 Americans, but has only a primary school so its older
    kids have to cross international borders four times a day to go to school in their own state. In a pleasing symetry, the East cost has the
    exact opposite situation with a Canadian Island whose only land route is a bridge to the United
    States. And these two aren’t the only places where
    each country contains a bit of the other: there are several more, easily spotted in
    sattelite photos by the no-touching zone. Regardless of if the land in question is just
    an uninhabited strip, in the middle of a lake, in the middle of nowhere, the border between
    these sister nations must remain clearly marked.

    Best Train In the World? | Wild Bucket List Train to Machu Picchu!
    Articles, Blog

    Best Train In the World? | Wild Bucket List Train to Machu Picchu!

    August 12, 2019


    Good morning Vagabuddies. It is about 8 a.m. We’re outside of Cusco in the town of Poroy, and we’re on our way to Machu Picchu. There are only two ways to get to Machu Picchu: hiking or taking a train, and we are taking one of the top ten trains in the world here in Bingham. This is going to be an experience. Marko is so excited. He’s always been obsessed with trains even when he was a little baby. He was like…trains. This train is a luxury train. We’re going to have cocktail service, champagne, live music, food, white linen service, and it’s going to be incredible, not to mention the scenery that we’ll be going through…. some of the most beautiful in South America. Are you ready? Oh yeah. It’s a three hour 15 minute long train ride, and the champagne is being poured. I believe we’ve got a train to catch my friend. Ah touche! All right.. well we are boarded and we’re boozed. They’ve already served us champagne. They have that stuff called Maca. I don’t know “whatta I like-a” about Maca, but um yeah. It’s going to be about the potato soup. It’s going to be a fun trip. It’s like in three and a half hours. No wifi, just beautiful views. Are you excited, Mark? I love trains, and this is one of the top 10 train rides in the world. So, I’m definitely excited. The name of the train is Hiram Bingham. And Hiram Bingham was the American Explorer who found Machu Picchu in 1911. He went on to become a senator and philanthropist, but back in 1911 he was the first kind of foreigner to rediscover Machu Picchu. He had a lot of interesting ideas about the significance of Machu Picchu; a lot of those have been kind of proven wrong throughout the subsequent decades, and archaeological digs have kind of shed light on what Machu Picchu, at least what we think it actually was. When he found it, it was completely overgrown, and it was kind of an exciting time. It was the turn of the 20th century. Big things were happening. It was right before First World War. Okay, so now we’re making our way downhill because Machu Picchu is lower than Cusco. Cusco was about 3,500 meters, and Machu Picchu is about 7,500 feet Not sure what that is and meters, but it’s downhill. This area right here we’re going down about 400 meters in just five kilometers to get into this gorge, and the views are just becoming increasingly stunning. We’ve kind of moved away from the agricultural communities, and now we’re in the more steep, narrow valleys of the sacred valley. It must be hard to keep this railway open. Just looking out the window right here there’re construction crews working on the road that kind of mirrors the train tracks. There are landslides galore, and very, very large boulders to the point where now we are actually backing up. The train is going uphill Actually, we need to descend 40 meters. Yes, that’s why we need to use a switchback system. This is called the Spanish zigzag. Exactly, we are changing tracks , yes, you see? Oh, I see. Now we’re going to change to another track because it’s coming in the wrong way. It’s very high. Yeah. Awesome. Love me two times, girl because I’m going away. Love me two times, baby. One for tomorrow; one just for today. Love me two times. I’m going away. Well this is awesome. Totally see why this is a top ten train ride in the world. The views are stunning. The party is going, and the Pisco Sours are flowing. It’s insane. Beautiful scenery, really good vibes, good drinks. Yeah, I mean there’s nothing quite like hanging off the back of a train with a cocktail in hand. Right now we’ve started entering the Valle Sagrada, the sacred valley. Right here you see Urubamba River This is the sacred river. This is awesome. I got one more Pisco Sour for the road. It’s time for lunch. They’re serving lunch. I’ve got to walk back through the train, which could be kind of challenging because I’ve had a few of these things. We shall see. Now it’s lunch time. We have a beautiful little plate here. I arrived late, so I have no idea what I’m about to eat. Marko, please enlighten me. Trucha Ahumada, smoked trout with salmon and also a spread of avocado. Enjoy. Bon Appetit. For the main course we have lomo saltado, but kind of like a filet mignon with some cute little vegetables tied up with vegetables. I don’t know how they did that, but they did that. Corn husk is how they did that. Sometimes, it’s better not to know. All right ladies and gentlemen.. well we have descended from the high Andes, and now we are on the eastern slope of the Andes Mountain Range heading down towards the Amazon Basin. It’s pretty incredible. The mountains have changed from this dry.. kind of high alpine into lowland jungle with lots of vegetation. Beautiful flowing river next to us, but we’re getting closer to Machu Picchu. Ladies and gentlemen we have arrived to the base of Machu Picchu. This was probably the coolest train ride I’ve ever been on, and I think that we are in for a very awesome adventure in the next vlog. We’re about to go up to Machu Picchu. We’re going to film a VR video and the behind- the -scenes video. So make sure you stay tuned for both of those. Big thanks to Peru Rail for inviting us on this trip. This was honestly one of the best experiences of all my travels. So thank you to Peru Rail, and thank you guys for watching. If you enjoy this video give it a thumbs- up, share with your travel buddies and subscribe to Vagabrothers and turn on notifications, if you have not already. This train is about to depart. We’re about to hike up to Machu Picchu. So stay curious, keep exploring, and we will see you on the Inca Road.

    Metter | Hometown Georgia
    Articles, Blog

    Metter | Hometown Georgia

    August 12, 2019


    ♪♪ ♪♪ Well, everybody knows
    everything’s better in Metter. My kids can play anywhere
    they want in town. They can ride their bikes
    and I am not worried about what’s goin’ on,
    what’s gonna happen to ’em. I don’t know, it just– when I drove into
    this town, I said, “Oh my God,
    this is it. “This is where
    I wanna be,” and… here I am. What we’re hearing is that,
    potentially, by 2040, we will triple
    in population.♪♪I’m the barn owner
    here at Kelly Farms
    in Metter, Georgia,and we teach English
    and Western riding. We also do birthday parties,
    Summer campand we compete
    in horse shows as well.
    Yeah, brother. And, are our feet
    in the stirrups,(child)
    Yes.
    or are they clunkin’ around
    on the side of his belly?(indistinct mumbling)(laughing)Inside the stirrups,
    very good.(indistinct), huh?Ready? All right,
    here we go. Stretch up nice and tall. Okay.Very good, Hampton.Perfect.Keep stretchin’
    up nice and tall. Lean back.Awesome.
    Is that so much fun?
    All right, you ready?Come here, darlin’. Take both feet
    outta your stirrups. Woo-hoo.(gasping, laughing)You thought you were
    goin’ down, didn’t you?(chuckling)All right. Keep lookin’
    straight ahead. Remember,
    he’s like a big dog. So, go ahead and walk
    your dog right on in. So, he just started, so all of this
    is very new to him.♪♪It’s just–
    just this connection, with horses and humans. It’s really hard
    to explain, but it’s just the bond
    that you create with the animal
    and, you know, they’ll never
    let you down and they can never
    break your heart, but you can tell ’em
    all your secrets and they can’t tell
    anybody else.We were originally
    from Colorado,
    and we actually just
    looked it up online
    and just looked for farms
    in the state of Georgia,
    and we traveled all over
    the state of Georgia
    tryin’ to find, kind of,
    the best of both worlds.
    For me to train horses
    and to teach kids how to ride,
    and for my husband to-to raise
    red and black Angus cows.
    The weather is ideal.Uh, I mean, it does get
    hot here in the summer time,
    but we don’t have
    snow — too much. There’s-there’s a couple years
    where it pretended to snow, but the weather’s
    pretty moderate and, um, the grass grows
    for quite a long time compared to Colorado,
    where we had about three or four months
    of actual growing season,so we stumbled across
    this little place in Metter,
    and absolutely
    fell in love with it.
    Fell in love with
    the location, the people,
    the atmosphere,
    the weather.
    I mean, everything–
    We absolutely love everything about this town.
    Just the people alone.They’ll stop and
    ask you how you’re doin’
    and they actually care.They’ll hold the door
    open for you, say “please”
    and “thank you.” Out in Colorado, it was,
    kinda, every man for himself. And so this is the feel– This is how we wanna
    raise our kids and, um, and just– it’s just
    a better way of living.♪♪I’ve lived in
    Monterey, California and Highlands,
    North Carolina and, uh, I must say
    that the people here are the friendliest.People are amazed at the-
    the, uh, beauty of the garden,
    uh, the well managed,
    uh, care of the garden.
    Uh, they are
    astounded, really, and we have people
    that come from all over. They stop here to eat.
    They hear of the garden, and they come and
    they spend hours here.About 40 years ago,Michael had been
    recording his TV programs
    in the studio
    and he said, “You know,
    “our theme is about
    a seed in a garden,
    “so why not go outside, “and begin recording
    the seeds in the garden?”(bird whistling)(announcer)
    Here is the Sower,
    Michael Guido
    of Metta, Georgia,with a seed for
    the garden of your heart.
    Every setback
    is a step to success. Nothing comes out right
    the first time. Ford built his first car
    without a reverse gear. He went bankrupt twice
    in his first three years. The Coca-Cola company
    sold only 400 Cokes during their first year
    in business. Well, we were with the, uh–
    some satellite systems now that penetrate every nation,
    as far as we know, and, uh, probably every country,
    in one way or another has access
    to the broadcasts.When it’s exam time
    at Southern,
    we get all these
    little prayer requests,
    “Help me with
    calculus, Lord.”(chuckling)That’s cute.It is. Uh, we-we probably get ten or
    twelve prayer requests a day.
    Our chapel is
    probably 35 years old.
    It’s never been locked,
    it’s open night and day,
    we have people in there,
    they leave us little notes
    telling us how important
    the garden is to them.
    Uh,it’s just w–
    a very unique place. It’s something that’s
    not commercialized. It’s something that’s
    just here for people… when they want to be quiet,
    when they want to be alone, when they want to meditate,
    when they want to read, we’re here for them.Very often, we have people
    spend the night here,
    who have no place to go,and you can see
    from the condition
    that they do no damage.A little theme we talk about,
    “Everything’s better in Metter,” and we like to be part of
    the “Better” in Metter.♪♪♪♪ Our slogan’s true. You go all across
    the U.S. and people have heard
    of Metter, Georgia, because we’re the best stop
    in the middle of Georgia. If you’re comin’ from
    Atlanta to Savannah, everybody says
    we’re the best stop. And not just for
    travelers and for visitors
    comin’ to shop here, but it’s a down home
    feeling a lot of us, especially people
    in my generation, my age have moved here
    because of the school system.
    We have one of the number one
    school systems around.
    So, just eight years ago,our graduation rate
    was only 56%,
    and now it’s 88.2%.We have a major
    industrial park
    that’s less than a quarter
    of a mile off of I-16.
    We have an airport
    that’s elongated.
    They cou– could take
    corporate jets here,
    and so with the widening
    and the deepening
    of the Savannah River for the ships coming in,
    we’ve gotten three international businesses
    to land home here in Metter.The cost of living
    is so much lower here
    than it is
    for a bigger city.
    Raisin’ a family here couldn’t
    be much safer and much better.♪♪We farm peanuts and cotton,
    about 2,000 acres.I went to college
    to do somethin’ else
    and I was kinda drawn back
    to the farm.
    My family’s always farmed.Um, my brother
    farms with me.
    We farm with my–
    with my dad and, uh, it’s a pretty–
    it’s a pretty simple life.We have some good–
    really good farmland.
    Um, we have good infrastructure
    for agriculture in Metter
    and we have
    a peanut buying point,
    we have a couple
    of cotton gins,
    we have several fertilizer
    and seed dealerships, and so we’re sorta
    set up for agriculture. Uh, and it is the largest
    industry in our county.All right, these peanuts–
    the field we’re in here,
    the peanuts have been
    turned up, inverted. Uh, they’re-they’re
    turned up so the peanuts themselves
    can dry. When, uh– when they’re
    still in the ground, green and growing, they completely cover
    the field like carpet. It’s about a foot deep
    of just green stems and vine and you have to invert ’em
    and get ’em turned up, shake– it shakes
    the dirt out of ’em and gets the peanuts
    turned up, so they’ll dry,
    and, uh, they have to be dry so you can
    separate ’em from the vine. Uh, the peanuts move–
    travel into this, into here. Into there, there are hundreds
    of spring teeth– fingers, sort of like this… spinning real fast
    and it thrashes those
    peanut vines into small–
    Into small pieces. Thrashes all
    the peanuts off.All right, these peanuts
    have been harvested
    and they will ride
    in these trailers
    to the buying point,where they’ll be marketed
    to candy companies or peanut butter companies. I will tell you that, uh,
    Georgia’s peanut rich, because of the soil. It’s a– it’s a different type
    of soil and our climate. We have a perfect growing
    season for peanuts. We have enough cold weather
    in the winter to, uh, have a insect kill,
    and a weed kill, and then we have
    a long growing season, which peanuts need.Uh, fresh vegetables,
    though, are beginning
    to become popular in Georgia,
    uh, for farmers.
    We do have a long growing
    season, and it’s-it’s–
    it makes growing vegetables
    a viable crop option for us.
    You don’t realize
    how hard it is to–
    for that fresh food
    to get to a store.
    You know, we’re in the South
    and we can grow food
    nearly year ’round.In parts of Georgia,
    we can grow food– fresh produce
    almost year ’round, but in the North, you can’t grow food
    when it’s cold and the process
    of getting fresh vegetables from California
    to New York it’s-it’s a task and, you know,
    people just don’t understand how big of a task it is.I think if they got a better
    idea of what it took to grow
    a-a ear of fresh corn
    or a-a squash, for example,
    and what it cost
    to grow a squash, uh, that they would appreciate
    where their food comes from. This is the best
    place to be. This is much better than
    sittin’ behind a desk.I like bein’ on a tractor,
    I like bein’ by myself.
    You don’t– you don’t
    have to hear from anybody when you’re out here. I can leave my phone
    in the truck and I really don’t hear
    from anybody. Oh, well now,
    I like it here.We have to take
    special care of it,
    farming, you know,
    (indistinct) land,
    but I like it.Uh, we have forests– pine forest,
    oak ridge forests and, uh, it’s real pretty. You could ride around and
    we– it’s a pretty place. Well, I love livin’
    in Metter. Uh, I like small town, uh–
    I know most everybody in town. My wife teaches school at
    the local elementary school, and she has taught
    so many kids. And we have, uh, classes–
    first grade classes, kindergarten classes,
    she brings ’em out, and we see what
    happens on the farm. And I see those kids when they
    graduate from high school, and they remember
    who I am, and it just feels good
    to know people, and to walk in
    the grocery store, or the pharmacy, and know who you see
    when you’re in there. I just– I like
    the small town. ♪♪(indistinct chatter)I’ve got
    15 different vendors, and anything that
    comes in this door, if it needs to be worked on, or refurbished,
    or tightened up, or the seats put in,
    I do. And I’m all over the place,
    so just stay with me. But this is
    an old rocker. When it came in, it was all
    brittle and everything, and didn’t have
    a bottom on it.So I took some twine I had,
    and I wove the bottom,
    then I put polyurethane on it,
    and that gives it its support,
    and so now, all you have to do
    is put a bottom on it,
    and it makes it beautiful,
    and it’s all original.
    So, I just love old things, and I love bringin’ ’em
    back to life. That’s just
    a joy for me. And this piece–
    I wanna show you this
    piece right here. Do you know what it is? Margaret, do you
    know what it is? I don’t.It’s a washer.Oh.Mm-hmm.See, what they did, they put
    the water at the bottom, they put their clothes in here,
    and that’s how the women stayed in good shape,
    back in the day.And see,
    this right here is what–
    how it agitates clothes.
    Yeah. Yeah.
    Yeah, yeah, yeah. And then you’ve got
    your ringers right here your clothes went through. I lost my arm about… Let’s see… in ’03, so that’s been
    about 13 years ago. And when I was
    laying on the bed, ’cause I used to be
    a machinist, when I was layin’ there,
    I asked God, “Please help me find
    something “that I can do
    to support myself.” So he led me
    to Metter, Georgia. And I was here a year, and I walked into
    this business, and God has blessed me. He has blessed me
    with the people, he’s blessed me
    with this town. I can’t tell you how
    thrilled I am to be here, and if anybody wants
    to visit Metter, Georgia, this is the place to be.Hi, there!
    Oh, my goodness!
    Can I help you, hon?Oh, we were
    just lookin’. Hi, there.
    How are you? How are you,
    princess? How are you,
    princess? I’m not alone, that’s
    the way I look at it. Wanna come here? I will, too. Okay!
    Here we go! What are we gonna
    do now? I do what I love,
    and love what I do. So anyway, that’s it. ♪♪ Well, this is one
    of those, kind of, off the beaten path
    types of places. We’re not too far from
    Savannah, and, you know, 16 is a pretty boring road. But we’re a pretty quick
    diversion off of 16.And it’s a beautiful place,
    that’s kind of one of those
    hidden gem
    types of places,
    that you don’t hear
    too much about… but then,
    people come here, and they just get all
    excited by what they see, and they wanna come back, and they plan their-
    their next vacation, or day-cation
    out here at the park.This park was founded
    in the early ’70s.
    It was named after
    a speaker of the house,
    back in the 1960s.The park itself consists
    of over 1,634 acres,
    412 acres of which is
    the Watson Mill Pond here.One of the biggest attractions
    of the park here is–
    is the 412-acre lake,because it’s one of
    the few areas locally that has this kind of,
    uh, cypress tree coverage.♪♪Kayaking out here, we have
    ten miles of kayak trails, or any kind of
    boating trails. Um, there are ospreys that
    nest here in the springtime. There is a rookery way back
    on the far end of the lake. In the spring and summer,
    you’re likely to seesmall-to-medium-sized
    alligators.
    There is one out there
    that’s about 10-11 feet long.
    It’s very calm, still water,
    which makes for easy paddling,
    a nice lazy day on the lake,
    and it is a big, uh– fishing attraction
    as well. ♪♪ I was told when I first went
    into the newspaper business that, uh, your family
    will probably have to hire your pallbearers, because
    sometime during your career, you’re gonna make
    everybody mad.As far as we know,
    we’re the only newspaper
    ever owned
    by a municipality.
    Um, about 1910, um–
    people in Metter, they decided
    they wanted a county. And what they did was to see
    if Metter hired an editor and started a newspaper. They called it
    the Metter Advertiser, not to give the
    retail merchants a place
    to advertise their products, but to advertise Metter
    to the county legislature. As the story goes,
    governor Candler’s widow said, “I’ll help you get this passed,
    if you’ll name your county“after my husband.”
    Therefore, it did pass.
    That’s why we are
    Candler County.
    ♪♪ It’s getting harder, um– the recession was extremely
    hard on us. And, uh– and a lot
    of small papers. Um, and then, the recession’s
    kind of ending, but you got Facebook. Um, I have people all
    the time tell me, “Well, I don’t get this paper
    anymore, I rely on Facebook.” And I say, “Listen,
    that’s not news.” I’m James Marion Jones,
    and I– I’ve been here probably 87 years,
    except for time in service.Metter was formed around
    a central Georgia depot,
    and the trains came through,and they decided
    to form a town here,
    and names were suggested.And a name suggested
    was Madow, M-A-D-O-W,
    but then Washington, like everything else,
    they got messed up, and it came back
    Metter, M-E-T-T-E-R.But back in the, uh, ’20s,the main highway from
    San Diego to Savannah, Georgia,
    was known as the
    Dixie Overland Highway, and it came through
    Metter, Georgia. And we had a garage here,
    Dixie Overland Garage. Had two or three
    service stations, and, uh– the main thing they did
    back in those years was patch
    Model-A Ford tires. And change the oil,
    that’s about all they did.But now, we don’t know
    our neighbors anymore.
    People moved in here
    because, uh,
    things are so much
    better in Metter
    than they are
    in the big city,
    so they come to Metter.Like, our son-in-law,
    he lives here,
    but works at Gulfstream
    in Savannah.
    My next door neighbor
    lives here, but works at Gulfstream
    in Savannah. The man across
    the street lives here. He works at
    Georgia Ports Authority. So, so many people– it’s only one hour
    from here to Savannah. So a lot of our people work
    in Statesboro or Savannah.And going through other
    towns in North Georgia,
    Saturday was a big day,
    but here,
    it’s just everything’s
    over Saturday.
    In fact, if we have
    a fire on Saturday, we put it out
    on Monday morning.Pretty laid-back.It’s a laid-back community,
    and we love it. I was thinkin’ about… my first date. When I was in
    the fourth grade, the Dixie Theater downtown, it cost $0.10 to go, and so, I invited
    Colleen Pitman to go to the
    picture show with me, and somebody asked
    what was a picture show. It’s the same as
    a movie or a theater, but there was no– anyway,
    my Daddy gave me a quarter, and that was $0.10. I used to get in, a then a-
    a nickel for popcorn. And she wouldn’t eat too much
    popcorn, so we separated. When it was over, I went
    my way, she went her way. That– that ended
    that courtship. ♪♪ This is just some fresh
    local produce, that’s–that’s grown in–
    here around Metter.
    Now we got a network
    of growers that grow and sell us their
    produce, and we– we put it out for sale
    each day here at the
    Metter Farmers’ Market. This is some local-grown
    tomatoes, comin’ from, uh– a grower right outside of
    Collins, Driggers Farms. That’ll some fresh-shelled
    zipper peas that we– we picked and shelled–
    shelled this morning.We offer those
    each day for sale.
    Fresh– fresh local
    scuppernongs,
    from Sturgis’ Vineyard,
    right outside of Metter.
    ♪♪ Well, you’ve
    heard the slogan, “Everything’s
    better in Metter.” The produce. The produce is definitely
    better in Metter. I love to take a bagel,
    slice it, toast it, put mayonnaise on it,
    good slice of peeled tomato, maybe two slices of peeled
    tomato, salt and pepper, and eat that thing. And boy,
    I’ll tell you, so good it’ll make you
    slap your grandpappy. ♪♪ We feel like we’ve got
    an incredible community in which to live. Uh, quality of life
    is just great, uh– wonderful schools, um–
    have medical care.Anybody that plays golf,we’ve got one of
    the finest 18-hole courses
    you’ll find anywhere.Our golf pro,
    Greg Wolf,
    is in the
    Georgia Hall of Fame,
    and he, uh–
    loves to give lessons.Well, the amenities
    we don’t have
    are within an hour,
    to Savannah.
    Two hours to, uh,
    about an hour and a half
    to Augusta, Macon, and less than three hours,
    you’re in Atlanta, so we feel like
    we’ve got everything
    that people would want within easy reach.Well, we have a number of
    people that work here,
    and drive to Savannah.I remember one couple
    from Savannah, number of years back,
    moved here, still worked in Savannah, but they lived
    on the other side. They said they could drive
    from Metter to Savannah just as quickly, and much
    less stressful than, uh– living in Savannah, and
    have that quality of life that they enjoy here.We just built a new
    Pre-K through 8.
    I think it was,
    like, 30…
    over $30 million.It is truly
    state-of-the-art. We have kids in there
    playing with robots.They have the, uh,
    iPad tables, so the–
    the schools, yes, will
    entice others to come here.
    Georgia is growing by leaps
    and bounds, population-wise. The, uh– coast, everybody
    wants to go to the coast. And so,
    when it fills up, it’s gonna
    come back this way. ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪they used to call me
    rockabilly ♪
    all of us ran through ♪when Elvis opened up the door
    wah-lop-bah-lop-bam-boom ♪
    I didn’t ever
    play much rock and roll ♪
    ’cause I got so much
    country in my soul ♪
    but I’m a different man
    for lovin’ you ♪
    you ♪and I’d take a shot
    at what you asked me to ♪
    and baby I will rock ♪♪♪

    Grant’s Getaways: Sumpter Valley Railroad
    Articles, Blog

    Grant’s Getaways: Sumpter Valley Railroad

    August 11, 2019


    DISTANCE DISTANCE PAST DISTANCE PAST AS DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES US DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES US
    FOR DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES US
    FOR A DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES US
    FOR A RIDE DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES US
    FOR A RIDE ON DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES US
    FOR A RIDE ON THE DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES US
    FOR A RIDE ON THE SUMPTER DISTANCE PAST AS GRANT TAKES US
    FOR A RIDE ON THE SUMPTER COUNTY FOR A RIDE ON THE SUMPTER COUNTY FOR A RIDE ON THE SUMPTER COUNTY
    RAILROAD FOR A RIDE ON THE SUMPTER COUNTY
    RAILROAD . RAILROAD . RAILROAD .
    >>>RAILROAD .
    >>>THE RAILROAD .
    >>>THE POWDER RAILROAD .
    >>>THE POWDER RIVER RAILROAD .
    >>>THE POWDER RIVER IS RAILROAD .
    >>>THE POWDER RIVER IS COOL,>>>THE POWDER RIVER IS COOL,>>>THE POWDER RIVER IS COOL,
    QUIET>>>THE POWDER RIVER IS COOL,
    QUIET AND>>>THE POWDER RIVER IS COOL,
    QUIET AND REFRESHING. QUIET AND REFRESHING. QUIET AND REFRESHING.
    BUT QUIET AND REFRESHING.
    BUT NOT QUIET AND REFRESHING.
    BUT NOT SO QUIET AND REFRESHING.
    BUT NOT SO LONG QUIET AND REFRESHING.
    BUT NOT SO LONG AGO QUIET AND REFRESHING.
    BUT NOT SO LONG AGO IT QUIET AND REFRESHING.
    BUT NOT SO LONG AGO IT WAS QUIET AND REFRESHING.
    BUT NOT SO LONG AGO IT WAS A BUT NOT SO LONG AGO IT WAS A BUT NOT SO LONG AGO IT WAS A
    RIVER BUT NOT SO LONG AGO IT WAS A
    RIVER UNDER BUT NOT SO LONG AGO IT WAS A
    RIVER UNDER SIEGE BUT NOT SO LONG AGO IT WAS A
    RIVER UNDER SIEGE . RIVER UNDER SIEGE . RIVER UNDER SIEGE .
    >>RIVER UNDER SIEGE .
    >>NOISY, RIVER UNDER SIEGE .
    >>NOISY, VERY RIVER UNDER SIEGE .
    >>NOISY, VERY NOISY.>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.
    YOU>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.
    YOU COULD>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.
    YOU COULD HEAR>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.
    YOU COULD HEAR IT>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.
    YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.
    YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.
    YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE>>NOISY, VERY NOISY.
    YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY
    IN YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY
    IN BAKER YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY
    IN BAKER CITY YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY
    IN BAKER CITY 20 YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY
    IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY
    IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER YOU COULD HEAR IT ALL OF THE WAY
    IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR
    AS IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR
    AS A IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR
    AS A CROW IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR
    AS A CROW FLIES, IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR
    AS A CROW FLIES, SO IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR
    AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT IN BAKER CITY 20 MILES PER HOUR
    AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT WAS AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT WAS AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT WAS
    DEAFENING AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT WAS
    DEAFENING WHEN AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT WAS
    DEAFENING WHEN IT AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT WAS
    DEAFENING WHEN IT RAN AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT WAS
    DEAFENING WHEN IT RAN FROM AS A CROW FLIES, SO IT WAS
    DEAFENING WHEN IT RAN FROM 1935 DEAFENING WHEN IT RAN FROM 1935 DEAFENING WHEN IT RAN FROM 1935
    TO DEAFENING WHEN IT RAN FROM 1935
    TO 1954. TO 1954. TO 1954.
    >>TO 1954.
    >>THE TO 1954.
    >>THE LANDSCAPE TO 1954.
    >>THE LANDSCAPE WHERE>>THE LANDSCAPE WHERE>>THE LANDSCAPE WHERE
    MONSTROUS>>THE LANDSCAPE WHERE
    MONSTROUS DREDGING>>THE LANDSCAPE WHERE
    MONSTROUS DREDGING MACHINES MONSTROUS DREDGING MACHINES MONSTROUS DREDGING MACHINES
    RAVAGED MONSTROUS DREDGING MACHINES
    RAVAGED THE MONSTROUS DREDGING MACHINES
    RAVAGED THE RIVER MONSTROUS DREDGING MACHINES
    RAVAGED THE RIVER FLOOR. RAVAGED THE RIVER FLOOR. RAVAGED THE RIVER FLOOR.
    TODAY RAVAGED THE RIVER FLOOR.
    TODAY IT RAVAGED THE RIVER FLOOR.
    TODAY IT TAKES RAVAGED THE RIVER FLOOR.
    TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS RAVAGED THE RIVER FLOOR.
    TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD
    TO TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD
    TO SEE TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD
    TO SEE AND TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD
    TO SEE AND TOUCH TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD
    TO SEE AND TOUCH THE TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD
    TO SEE AND TOUCH THE PAST TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD
    TO SEE AND TOUCH THE PAST AT TODAY IT TAKES VISITORS ABOARD
    TO SEE AND TOUCH THE PAST AT THE TO SEE AND TOUCH THE PAST AT THE TO SEE AND TOUCH THE PAST AT THE
    SUMPTER TO SEE AND TOUCH THE PAST AT THE
    SUMPTER DREDGE TO SEE AND TOUCH THE PAST AT THE
    SUMPTER DREDGE HERITAGE. SUMPTER DREDGE HERITAGE. SUMPTER DREDGE HERITAGE.
    FILLED SUMPTER DREDGE HERITAGE.
    FILLED WITH SUMPTER DREDGE HERITAGE.
    FILLED WITH GEARS, SUMPTER DREDGE HERITAGE.
    FILLED WITH GEARS, BELTS SUMPTER DREDGE HERITAGE.
    FILLED WITH GEARS, BELTS AND FILLED WITH GEARS, BELTS AND FILLED WITH GEARS, BELTS AND
    PUMPS. PUMPS. PUMPS.
    WHERE PUMPS.
    WHERE THE PUMPS.
    WHERE THE ROCK PUMPS.
    WHERE THE ROCK PASSED PUMPS.
    WHERE THE ROCK PASSED THROUGH WHERE THE ROCK PASSED THROUGH WHERE THE ROCK PASSED THROUGH
    CYLINDERS WHERE THE ROCK PASSED THROUGH
    CYLINDERS SEPARATING WHERE THE ROCK PASSED THROUGH
    CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY WHERE THE ROCK PASSED THROUGH
    CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY SIZE WHERE THE ROCK PASSED THROUGH
    CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY SIZE AND CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY SIZE AND CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY SIZE AND
    SEPARATING CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY SIZE AND
    SEPARATING THE CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY SIZE AND
    SEPARATING THE GOLD CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY SIZE AND
    SEPARATING THE GOLD FOR CYLINDERS SEPARATING BY SIZE AND
    SEPARATING THE GOLD FOR THE SEPARATING THE GOLD FOR THE SEPARATING THE GOLD FOR THE
    DIRT. DIRT. DIRT.
    THERE DIRT.
    THERE IS DIRT.
    THERE IS STILL DIRT.
    THERE IS STILL GOLD DIRT.
    THERE IS STILL GOLD IN DIRT.
    THERE IS STILL GOLD IN THE THERE IS STILL GOLD IN THE THERE IS STILL GOLD IN THE
    TAILINGS. TAILINGS. TAILINGS.
    THEY TAILINGS.
    THEY ONLY TAILINGS.
    THEY ONLY TOOK TAILINGS.
    THEY ONLY TOOK OUT TAILINGS.
    THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%. THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%. THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%.
    >>THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%.
    >>ALL THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%.
    >>ALL OF THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%.
    >>ALL OF THE THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%.
    >>ALL OF THE BIG THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%.
    >>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THEY ONLY TOOK OUT 60%.
    >>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THAT>>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THAT>>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THAT
    WENT>>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THAT
    WENT THROUGH>>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THAT
    WENT THROUGH THE>>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THAT
    WENT THROUGH THE DREDGE>>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THAT
    WENT THROUGH THE DREDGE GOT>>ALL OF THE BIG CHUNKS THAT
    WENT THROUGH THE DREDGE GOT LEFT WENT THROUGH THE DREDGE GOT LEFT WENT THROUGH THE DREDGE GOT LEFT
    IN WENT THROUGH THE DREDGE GOT LEFT
    IN THE WENT THROUGH THE DREDGE GOT LEFT
    IN THE BACK WENT THROUGH THE DREDGE GOT LEFT
    IN THE BACK TAILING. IN THE BACK TAILING. IN THE BACK TAILING.
    SO IN THE BACK TAILING.
    SO ALL IN THE BACK TAILING.
    SO ALL OF IN THE BACK TAILING.
    SO ALL OF THE IN THE BACK TAILING.
    SO ALL OF THE TAILINGS IN THE BACK TAILING.
    SO ALL OF THE TAILINGS GLITTERED SO ALL OF THE TAILINGS GLITTERED SO ALL OF THE TAILINGS GLITTERED
    WITH SO ALL OF THE TAILINGS GLITTERED
    WITH BIG SO ALL OF THE TAILINGS GLITTERED
    WITH BIG CHUNKS SO ALL OF THE TAILINGS GLITTERED
    WITH BIG CHUNKS OF SO ALL OF THE TAILINGS GLITTERED
    WITH BIG CHUNKS OF GOLD. WITH BIG CHUNKS OF GOLD. WITH BIG CHUNKS OF GOLD.
    >>WITH BIG CHUNKS OF GOLD.
    >>FIRST WITH BIG CHUNKS OF GOLD.
    >>FIRST CALL, WITH BIG CHUNKS OF GOLD.
    >>FIRST CALL, TRAIN WITH BIG CHUNKS OF GOLD.
    >>FIRST CALL, TRAIN NUMBER WITH BIG CHUNKS OF GOLD.
    >>FIRST CALL, TRAIN NUMBER ONE>>FIRST CALL, TRAIN NUMBER ONE>>FIRST CALL, TRAIN NUMBER ONE
    TO>>FIRST CALL, TRAIN NUMBER ONE
    TO SUMP>>FIRST CALL, TRAIN NUMBER ONE
    TO SUMP TER. TO SUMP TER. TO SUMP TER.
    ALL TO SUMP TER.
    ALL ABOARD. ALL ABOARD. ALL ABOARD.
    >>ALL ABOARD.
    >>SIX ALL ABOARD.
    >>SIX MILES ALL ABOARD.
    >>SIX MILES AWAY ALL ABOARD.
    >>SIX MILES AWAY A ALL ABOARD.
    >>SIX MILES AWAY A CROWD ALL ABOARD.
    >>SIX MILES AWAY A CROWD IS>>SIX MILES AWAY A CROWD IS>>SIX MILES AWAY A CROWD IS
    HERE>>SIX MILES AWAY A CROWD IS
    HERE TO>>SIX MILES AWAY A CROWD IS
    HERE TO EXPERIENCE>>SIX MILES AWAY A CROWD IS
    HERE TO EXPERIENCE THE>>SIX MILES AWAY A CROWD IS
    HERE TO EXPERIENCE THE GOLDEN HERE TO EXPERIENCE THE GOLDEN HERE TO EXPERIENCE THE GOLDEN
    DAYS HERE TO EXPERIENCE THE GOLDEN
    DAYS OF HERE TO EXPERIENCE THE GOLDEN
    DAYS OF THE HERE TO EXPERIENCE THE GOLDEN
    DAYS OF THE RAILROAD HERE TO EXPERIENCE THE GOLDEN
    DAYS OF THE RAILROAD THAT DAYS OF THE RAILROAD THAT DAYS OF THE RAILROAD THAT
    CONNECTS DAYS OF THE RAILROAD THAT
    CONNECTS SUMPTER. CONNECTS SUMPTER. CONNECTS SUMPTER.
    >>CONNECTS SUMPTER.
    >>IT CONNECTS SUMPTER.
    >>IT IS CONNECTS SUMPTER.
    >>IT IS A CONNECTS SUMPTER.
    >>IT IS A SPECIAL CONNECTS SUMPTER.
    >>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN CONNECTS SUMPTER.
    >>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND>>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND>>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND
    EVENT>>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND
    EVENT AND>>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND
    EVENT AND RUNNING>>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND
    EVENT AND RUNNING THEM>>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND
    EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP>>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND
    EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO>>IT IS A SPECIAL RUN AND
    EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE
    DREDGE EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE
    DREDGE AND EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE
    DREDGE AND CLOSE EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE
    DREDGE AND CLOSE TO EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE
    DREDGE AND CLOSE TO 140 EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE
    DREDGE AND CLOSE TO 140 AND EVENT AND RUNNING THEM UP TO THE
    DREDGE AND CLOSE TO 140 AND 150 DREDGE AND CLOSE TO 140 AND 150 DREDGE AND CLOSE TO 140 AND 150
    PEOPLE. PEOPLE. PEOPLE.
    SO PEOPLE.
    SO IT PEOPLE.
    SO IT IS PEOPLE.
    SO IT IS ALL PEOPLE.
    SO IT IS ALL GOOD. SO IT IS ALL GOOD. SO IT IS ALL GOOD.
    >>SO IT IS ALL GOOD.
    >>TOURIST SO IT IS ALL GOOD.
    >>TOURIST REPLACED SO IT IS ALL GOOD.
    >>TOURIST REPLACED THE SO IT IS ALL GOOD.
    >>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,>>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,>>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,
    IT>>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,
    IT IS>>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,
    IT IS A>>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,
    IT IS A CHANCE>>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,
    IT IS A CHANCE FOR>>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,
    IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE>>TOURIST REPLACED THE TINDER,
    IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE
    CITY IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE
    CITY FOR IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE
    CITY FOR A IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE
    CITY FOR A SLOWER IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE
    CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE
    CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND IT IS A CHANCE FOR ESCAPE THE
    CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND LEARN CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND LEARN CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND LEARN
    MORE CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND LEARN
    MORE ABOUT CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND LEARN
    MORE ABOUT BAKER CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND LEARN
    MORE ABOUT BAKER COUNTY CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND LEARN
    MORE ABOUT BAKER COUNTY AND CITY FOR A SLOWER PACE AND LEARN
    MORE ABOUT BAKER COUNTY AND IT’S MORE ABOUT BAKER COUNTY AND IT’S MORE ABOUT BAKER COUNTY AND IT’S
    PAST. PAST. PAST.
    >>PAST.
    >>IT PAST.
    >>IT WENT PAST.
    >>IT WENT FROM PAST.
    >>IT WENT FROM BAKER PAST.
    >>IT WENT FROM BAKER CITY PAST.
    >>IT WENT FROM BAKER CITY TO>>IT WENT FROM BAKER CITY TO>>IT WENT FROM BAKER CITY TO
    PRAIRIE>>IT WENT FROM BAKER CITY TO
    PRAIRIE CITY>>IT WENT FROM BAKER CITY TO
    PRAIRIE CITY OVER>>IT WENT FROM BAKER CITY TO
    PRAIRIE CITY OVER 3,>>IT WENT FROM BAKER CITY TO
    PRAIRIE CITY OVER 3, 5,000-FOOT PRAIRIE CITY OVER 3, 5,000-FOOT PRAIRIE CITY OVER 3, 5,000-FOOT
    MOUNTAIN PRAIRIE CITY OVER 3, 5,000-FOOT
    MOUNTAIN RANGES. MOUNTAIN RANGES. MOUNTAIN RANGES.
    THE MOUNTAIN RANGES.
    THE RAILWAY MOUNTAIN RANGES.
    THE RAILWAY WAS MOUNTAIN RANGES.
    THE RAILWAY WAS VERY MOUNTAIN RANGES.
    THE RAILWAY WAS VERY IMPORTANT THE RAILWAY WAS VERY IMPORTANT THE RAILWAY WAS VERY IMPORTANT
    TO THE RAILWAY WAS VERY IMPORTANT
    TO THE THE RAILWAY WAS VERY IMPORTANT
    TO THE ECONOMIC THE RAILWAY WAS VERY IMPORTANT
    TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT THE RAILWAY WAS VERY IMPORTANT
    TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF
    THE TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF
    THE EASTERN TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF
    THE EASTERN OREGON TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF
    THE EASTERN OREGON AREA. THE EASTERN OREGON AREA. THE EASTERN OREGON AREA.
    IT THE EASTERN OREGON AREA.
    IT WAS THE EASTERN OREGON AREA.
    IT WAS IMPORTANT THE EASTERN OREGON AREA.
    IT WAS IMPORTANT AND THE EASTERN OREGON AREA.
    IT WAS IMPORTANT AND SUMPTER IT WAS IMPORTANT AND SUMPTER IT WAS IMPORTANT AND SUMPTER
    VALLEY IT WAS IMPORTANT AND SUMPTER
    VALLEY TIED IT WAS IMPORTANT AND SUMPTER
    VALLEY TIED IT IT WAS IMPORTANT AND SUMPTER
    VALLEY TIED IT ANOTHER. VALLEY TIED IT ANOTHER. VALLEY TIED IT ANOTHER.
    >>VALLEY TIED IT ANOTHER.
    >>ALSO VALLEY TIED IT ANOTHER.
    >>ALSO FILLED VALLEY TIED IT ANOTHER.
    >>ALSO FILLED WITH VALLEY TIED IT ANOTHER.
    >>ALSO FILLED WITH ADVENTURE>>ALSO FILLED WITH ADVENTURE>>ALSO FILLED WITH ADVENTURE
    OF>>ALSO FILLED WITH ADVENTURE
    OF A>>ALSO FILLED WITH ADVENTURE
    OF A DIFFERENT>>ALSO FILLED WITH ADVENTURE
    OF A DIFFERENT SORT. OF A DIFFERENT SORT. OF A DIFFERENT SORT.
    BACK OF A DIFFERENT SORT.
    BACK TO OF A DIFFERENT SORT.
    BACK TO THE OF A DIFFERENT SORT.
    BACK TO THE 1890S OF A DIFFERENT SORT.
    BACK TO THE 1890S WHERE OF A DIFFERENT SORT.
    BACK TO THE 1890S WHERE ANOTHER BACK TO THE 1890S WHERE ANOTHER BACK TO THE 1890S WHERE ANOTHER
    CHARACTER BACK TO THE 1890S WHERE ANOTHER
    CHARACTER FOLLOWED BACK TO THE 1890S WHERE ANOTHER
    CHARACTER FOLLOWED THE BACK TO THE 1890S WHERE ANOTHER
    CHARACTER FOLLOWED THE LINE. CHARACTER FOLLOWED THE LINE. CHARACTER FOLLOWED THE LINE.
    THE CHARACTER FOLLOWED THE LINE.
    THE GREAT CHARACTER FOLLOWED THE LINE.
    THE GREAT SUMPTER CHARACTER FOLLOWED THE LINE.
    THE GREAT SUMPTER RAILROAD THE GREAT SUMPTER RAILROAD THE GREAT SUMPTER RAILROAD
    ROBBERY. ROBBERY. ROBBERY.
    . . .
    >>.
    >>DON’T .
    >>DON’T BE .
    >>DON’T BE REACHING .
    >>DON’T BE REACHING FOR .
    >>DON’T BE REACHING FOR NO>>DON’T BE REACHING FOR NO>>DON’T BE REACHING FOR NO
    PISTOL. PISTOL. PISTOL.
    >>PISTOL.
    >>HEY, PISTOL.
    >>HEY, HEY, PISTOL.
    >>HEY, HEY, HEY, PISTOL.
    >>HEY, HEY, HEY, COME PISTOL.
    >>HEY, HEY, HEY, COME ON PISTOL.
    >>HEY, HEY, HEY, COME ON LET’S>>HEY, HEY, HEY, COME ON LET’S>>HEY, HEY, HEY, COME ON LET’S
    GO>>HEY, HEY, HEY, COME ON LET’S
    GO FIND>>HEY, HEY, HEY, COME ON LET’S
    GO FIND THE>>HEY, HEY, HEY, COME ON LET’S
    GO FIND THE GOLD. GO FIND THE GOLD. GO FIND THE GOLD.
    >>GO FIND THE GOLD.
    >>THIS GO FIND THE GOLD.
    >>THIS EVENT GO FIND THE GOLD.
    >>THIS EVENT OCCURS GO FIND THE GOLD.
    >>THIS EVENT OCCURS THROUGHOUT>>THIS EVENT OCCURS THROUGHOUT>>THIS EVENT OCCURS THROUGHOUT
    THE>>THIS EVENT OCCURS THROUGHOUT
    THE SEASON>>THIS EVENT OCCURS THROUGHOUT
    THE SEASON AND>>THIS EVENT OCCURS THROUGHOUT
    THE SEASON AND THE>>THIS EVENT OCCURS THROUGHOUT
    THE SEASON AND THE ROBBERS>>THIS EVENT OCCURS THROUGHOUT
    THE SEASON AND THE ROBBERS AND THE SEASON AND THE ROBBERS AND THE SEASON AND THE ROBBERS AND
    TRAIN THE SEASON AND THE ROBBERS AND
    TRAIN GUARDS THE SEASON AND THE ROBBERS AND
    TRAIN GUARDS ARE THE SEASON AND THE ROBBERS AND
    TRAIN GUARDS ARE LOCAL THE SEASON AND THE ROBBERS AND
    TRAIN GUARDS ARE LOCAL AND TRAIN GUARDS ARE LOCAL AND TRAIN GUARDS ARE LOCAL AND
    VOLUNTEER TRAIN GUARDS ARE LOCAL AND
    VOLUNTEER AND TRAIN GUARDS ARE LOCAL AND
    VOLUNTEER AND GIVING TRAIN GUARDS ARE LOCAL AND
    VOLUNTEER AND GIVING THE TRAIN GUARDS ARE LOCAL AND
    VOLUNTEER AND GIVING THE GUEST VOLUNTEER AND GIVING THE GUEST VOLUNTEER AND GIVING THE GUEST
    EXTRA VOLUNTEER AND GIVING THE GUEST
    EXTRA EXCITEMENT. EXTRA EXCITEMENT. EXTRA EXCITEMENT.
    >>EXTRA EXCITEMENT.
    >>WE EXTRA EXCITEMENT.
    >>WE ARE EXTRA EXCITEMENT.
    >>WE ARE OUT EXTRA EXCITEMENT.
    >>WE ARE OUT LAWS, EXTRA EXCITEMENT.
    >>WE ARE OUT LAWS, WE EXTRA EXCITEMENT.
    >>WE ARE OUT LAWS, WE DON’T>>WE ARE OUT LAWS, WE DON’T>>WE ARE OUT LAWS, WE DON’T
    HIGH>>WE ARE OUT LAWS, WE DON’T
    HIGH 5.>>WE ARE OUT LAWS, WE DON’T
    HIGH 5. FIVE. HIGH 5. FIVE. HIGH 5. FIVE.
    >>HIGH 5. FIVE.
    >>I HIGH 5. FIVE.
    >>I DON’T HIGH 5. FIVE.
    >>I DON’T GOT HIGH 5. FIVE.
    >>I DON’T GOT NO HIGH 5. FIVE.
    >>I DON’T GOT NO KEY HIGH 5. FIVE.
    >>I DON’T GOT NO KEY TO HIGH 5. FIVE.
    >>I DON’T GOT NO KEY TO THIS>>I DON’T GOT NO KEY TO THIS>>I DON’T GOT NO KEY TO THIS
    THING. THING. THING.
    >>THING.
    >>I THING.
    >>I GOT THING.
    >>I GOT A THING.
    >>I GOT A KEY THING.
    >>I GOT A KEY — THING.
    >>I GOT A KEY — WHOA.>>I GOT A KEY — WHOA.>>I GOT A KEY — WHOA.
    LOOK>>I GOT A KEY — WHOA.
    LOOK HERE,>>I GOT A KEY — WHOA.
    LOOK HERE, I>>I GOT A KEY — WHOA.
    LOOK HERE, I GOT>>I GOT A KEY — WHOA.
    LOOK HERE, I GOT THE>>I GOT A KEY — WHOA.
    LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD. LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD. LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD.
    >>LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD.
    >>WHAT LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD.
    >>WHAT DO LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD.
    >>WHAT DO YOU LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD.
    >>WHAT DO YOU THINK LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD.
    >>WHAT DO YOU THINK WE LOOK HERE, I GOT THE GOLD.
    >>WHAT DO YOU THINK WE SHOULD>>WHAT DO YOU THINK WE SHOULD>>WHAT DO YOU THINK WE SHOULD
    DO>>WHAT DO YOU THINK WE SHOULD
    DO WITH>>WHAT DO YOU THINK WE SHOULD
    DO WITH HIM? DO WITH HIM? DO WITH HIM?
    >>DO WITH HIM?
    >>TAKE DO WITH HIM?
    >>TAKE HIM DO WITH HIM?
    >>TAKE HIM WITH DO WITH HIM?
    >>TAKE HIM WITH US.>>TAKE HIM WITH US.>>TAKE HIM WITH US.
    >>>>TAKE HIM WITH US.
    >>WHAT?>>WHAT?>>WHAT?
    >>>>WHAT?
    >>CAN>>WHAT?
    >>CAN WE>>WHAT?
    >>CAN WE TAKE>>WHAT?
    >>CAN WE TAKE HIM?>>CAN WE TAKE HIM?>>CAN WE TAKE HIM?
    >>>>CAN WE TAKE HIM?
    >>YEAH.>>YEAH.>>YEAH.
    >>>>YEAH.
    >>WE>>YEAH.
    >>WE GET>>YEAH.
    >>WE GET TO>>YEAH.
    >>WE GET TO KEEP>>YEAH.
    >>WE GET TO KEEP HIM>>YEAH.
    >>WE GET TO KEEP HIM .>>WE GET TO KEEP HIM .>>WE GET TO KEEP HIM .
    >>>>WE GET TO KEEP HIM .
    >>YOU’RE>>WE GET TO KEEP HIM .
    >>YOU’RE GOING>>WE GET TO KEEP HIM .
    >>YOU’RE GOING WITH>>WE GET TO KEEP HIM .
    >>YOU’RE GOING WITH US>>YOU’RE GOING WITH US>>YOU’RE GOING WITH US
    YOUNGSTER. YOUNGSTER. YOUNGSTER.
    >>YOUNGSTER.
    >>YOU YOUNGSTER.
    >>YOU MEET YOUNGSTER.
    >>YOU MEET ALL YOUNGSTER.
    >>YOU MEET ALL KINDS YOUNGSTER.
    >>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF YOUNGSTER.
    >>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE>>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE>>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE
    FROM>>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE
    FROM ALL>>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE
    FROM ALL OVER>>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE
    FROM ALL OVER THE>>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE
    FROM ALL OVER THE STATE>>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE
    FROM ALL OVER THE STATE AND>>YOU MEET ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE
    FROM ALL OVER THE STATE AND THE FROM ALL OVER THE STATE AND THE FROM ALL OVER THE STATE AND THE
    WORLD. WORLD. WORLD.
    >>WORLD.
    >>SUMPTER WORLD.
    >>SUMPTER OREGON.>>SUMPTER OREGON.>>SUMPTER OREGON.
    >>>>>SUMPTER OREGON.
    >>>WE>>SUMPTER OREGON.
    >>>WE HAVE>>SUMPTER OREGON.
    >>>WE HAVE MORE>>SUMPTER OREGON.
    >>>WE HAVE MORE INFORMATION>>SUMPTER OREGON.
    >>>WE HAVE MORE INFORMATION AT>>>WE HAVE MORE INFORMATION AT>>>WE HAVE MORE INFORMATION AT
    KGW.COM>>>WE HAVE MORE INFORMATION AT
    KGW.COM AND>>>WE HAVE MORE INFORMATION AT
    KGW.COM AND WATCH>>>WE HAVE MORE INFORMATION AT
    KGW.COM AND WATCH GRANT’S>>>WE HAVE MORE INFORMATION AT
    KGW.COM AND WATCH GRANT’S HALF KGW.COM AND WATCH GRANT’S HALF