Browsing Tag: Trains

    Budget LED Wiring For Your Model Railroad
    Articles, Blog

    Budget LED Wiring For Your Model Railroad

    August 17, 2019


    if you want to light up your model
    railroad and you’re on a budget you’re gonna want to watch this in a previous
    video I showed you how to use an Arduino Nano to light up your model railroad now
    I’m going to show you what wires you could use on there and the LEDs that you
    could use on there I have some other videos that are related to this as far
    as soldering SMD LEDs and taking apart a wall wart which is a big part of this
    video right here so let’s get started with it right now in another video I
    tore apart a wall wart we got these wires from there it’s called magnet wire
    and you got two coils inside the one coil it is like hair thin which is no
    good for what we need on here but this other coil of wire is approximately 24
    gauge wire and it’s nice and strong the only thing is you have to scrape off the
    insulation on here now I did the video on it about tearing apart the AC wall
    warts you may have different size wires on your wall wart coils based on the
    voltage of the wall wart so keep that in mind you can find very inexpensive wall
    warts at your local thrift store I got mine for about 50 cents apiece now what
    I’m using here is the magnet wire on there for the SMD LEDs and here’s one
    that I already made up and I scratched off the ends of it but let me show you
    how we work this here what I want to do is measure out about it 12 inches of it I just set it up over here and cut off
    just a little bit over 12 inches about 12 and a half inches and what we have to
    do is scrape the edges of it to get the insulation off of it now this is it’s
    kind of hard to get off and I’d do it two different ways I use the exacto
    blade and you got to turn this thing over to get both sides of it and try to
    get as many angles on it as you can like this turn it just a little bit that way
    and then turn it back this way and then these finger nail files Dollar Tree you
    get a whole stack of them for a dollar and you could what I do is just turn it
    in there hold the hold two of them together and just use the the sandpaper
    on there to clean it off a little and this usually does the trick on there and
    then you do the other side the same way scrape it off with the exacto blade now they do make magnet wire where you
    don’t have to scrape off the insulation and I’m going to show you that in a
    little bit here that I bought some it comes from the manufacturers Remington
    and I showed you on a previous video we saw during a 30 gauge wire to the SMD
    LEDs I just purchased some 24 gauge wire and it’s about seven dollars for a
    hundred foot of it and you can get it in you know different foot footage rolls
    that I got about a hundred foot of it for seven dollars and I’ll show you that
    next but the coating on the wire is actually flux when it melts it’s
    actually flux so when you put the iron up up against it it melts turns in the
    flux and then you could solder your wires together okay so let’s get the
    meter over here okay that’s this one here so what I do
    is I just take the meter on both ends of this to make sure we’ll put it on the
    audible let’s see we got we got a continuity on there but not very good we
    could maybe just send right here yeah descend right here maybe we could
    do a little bit more work on it so just come over here with the sandpaper and
    just hit it a couple more times until okay that’s good right there so that’s
    what we do with the wire we do both of them and then we twist them together now
    we got the two wires ready we’ll all we need to do is just twist them together a
    little bit now I’ve seen people do this in a drill but you don’t want them you
    don’t want to get it too tight I mean you could do it in a drill but it’s
    going to make it really tight so I just come down and I just twist it together
    like this and that’s all you need just to hold the two wires together okay and there we go I got two more of these and
    I’ll show you what I did so far with these other ones I made up four of them
    and I got the SMD LEDs on there and then on the other end what I did was tested
    them and the wire that I used for these other ones that I have these ones right
    here i soldered wire on the end of them i
    soldered wire on the end of these right here and this is heat shrink on this is
    black and yellow heat shrink because the insulation from the black wire won’t go
    over that but i use the insulation from the black wire on here just slid it over
    top of the negative lead so whenever we go to hook this up I know which lead is
    negative and if I have to cut this shorter we’ll just strip it down a
    little bit and scrape it like we did the other one and then just take the
    insulation and move it down to where we we need it but this is what we’re going
    to be using on the building’s we’re going to be using the SMD LEDs on here
    now these are warm I think these are warm white that I showed you in another
    video and all these things that I’m showing you here I did in another video
    at one point or another now I’m putting them into use in the buildings and this
    this type right here is going to be the kind that I use for the arc welder it’s
    a it’s a real small one and actually it’s it’s coated so what I did was I cut
    the coating off of it but that’s another video right there but this one here
    we’re gonna make up about 12 of these so that’s what we have so far we have to
    work on a little bit more of the wiring and let me show you the Remington wire
    that is already is ready to solder now here’s a spool of the remington wire
    that I was telling you about it’s 26 gauge and you can see it’s red it comes
    in assorted colors and it’s magnet wire and like I said before all you have to
    do is heat this up and the insulation that
    is coding this is actually flux so you don’t need flux when you’re soldering it
    to your SMD LEDs and it comes in different gauges I showed you on a
    previous video I use some 30 gauge but I but this 26 gauge here it’s a little bit
    heavier I got this at Amazon and I think you can order directly from Remington –
    I’m not quite sure but I got it through Amazon when I get it through Amazon I
    get it a lot quicker these LEDs right here are from something
    that I got at Michaels there was a long string of a series of LEDs and they had
    a little box where you could put a battery in there and they flash and do
    all kind of things you buy these after Christmas and you can get them for a
    couple of bucks these are the LEDs that I used on my welding sketch that I have
    right back here that anyway on here I soldered a little bit heavier wire on it
    because this is kind of flimsy wire on it it’s maybe 28 gauge or so so I put 22
    gauge wire on the bottom of it I soldered on it and then I like I said
    before I put the shrink wrap on it and you can get this at spools of this I
    have six different colors of it I got it at Adafruit you can get it anywhere I
    think they have them at Amazon also it’s a good thing to have this is solid wire
    you could also get stranded wire but I preferred solid wire for this because
    you could easily put this and this is why I did it because you could push
    these into the breadboard real easily if you recall the SMD LEDs come in a little
    tape like this right here and all you do is just remove the cover on there and be
    careful with it because if should there’s some LEDs in the carpet
    someplace that you know bounced off of here and went down there now I never
    found that anyway be careful with it you just take them off one by one just peel
    this thing back whenever you need a LED and just drop it onto your your
    bitch but you get a hundred of them for six bucks and I bought another package
    of them this one is warm white and this just is plain white so I could vary the
    the colors on there and you could also take some acrylic paint and put a light
    coating on there to change the color if you need to change the color on these
    things and I’ll show you how to do that in it later on here’s the packaging of
    those like teardrop it are called rice lights they’re originally $7.99 but I
    got them at Michael’s after Christmas not this past Christmas but the year
    before for about a couple of bucks they’re very inexpensive after Christmas
    and if you’re intimidated by SMD lights I got these at Walgreens after Christmas
    I finally got them about two dollars a box
    so for 50 LEDs two bucks for 50 LEDs and I already disassembled one of them you
    know it’s the Christmas tree lights and all you do is just all you do is remove the LEDs from the
    string it’s a little work and you’ll notice on about every four or five of
    them there will be a little resistor on each one of the LEDs but you could use
    these anywhere and I’ve used these in projects already and so I have about 200
    clear LEDs that cost me two four six eight eight dollars and then these these
    right here were two dollars I got two packages I used one package already and
    here’s the other one and the inside here there’s a little battery pack that you
    could also use that for lighting up something that’s remote if you just want
    to do it every once in a while you put some batteries in it turn the switch on
    you got five volts for you lighting if you’re intimidated by the SMD lights you
    can get these after Christmas or you can get a whole package of assorted colors
    for about seven bucks on Amazon and I have the link down in the description
    I’ve used those to you know get them in a nice little thing and I think there’s
    200 LEDs in there of assorted colors you got clear red blue green yellow now I
    showed you in a previous video that we’re using the Nano on a circuit board
    and I’m using a DF player mini on it but you don’t have to do that if you don’t
    want to sound associated with your building lights but you could do it with
    a nano and you can get about three of the nanos I got three of these nanos for
    about eleven bucks on Amazon or if you prefer something larger a legume you get
    two uno and I got this I think it was about ten bucks on Amazon for the a
    Lagoo uno and it just like the Arduino Uno but less expensive but I’ve had
    pretty good luck with everything from a Lagoo these nanos are from a Lagoo also
    so take a look into that that’s a very inexpensive way to light up you
    or model railroad with the wall wart wire or if you prefer not to work so
    hard you can get this from Remington and you don’t have to scratch off all the
    insulation on the wall wart wire but anyway you could put it on a circuit
    board like this you could use these connectors or if you don’t want to you
    could solder the wires directly on here you put your resistors on here but on
    future ones I’m going to use all sip resistors on or instead of using the
    regular resistors on there for the LEDs as usual everything that I talked about
    in my videos if there’s a link or anything else you could find that in the
    description and sometimes if it’s a video you’ll see it in the info boxes up
    there so until the next time we’ll see Ya

    Talking Train Sign | Railroad Crossings Gates  | Train Safety | Lots & Lots of Trains
    Articles, Blog

    Talking Train Sign | Railroad Crossings Gates | Train Safety | Lots & Lots of Trains

    August 17, 2019


    Hello! Trains are cool and fun to watch, but you have to be careful whenever you and your family are around trains and train tracks. Safety is important. You know, every 3 hours, a person or vehicle is hit by a train. So, when you see tracks, think train. There are all kinds of signs and signals to let you know when and where there are trains around. Want to see them? Okay. Just look at me. When you see a round yellow sign with a big black X on it, that means the road you’re on has train tracks up ahead. It means you should slow down and look and listen for any trains that might be coming. There are also big markings painting on the road that also warn of train tracks ahead, and where cars should stop safely. At the railroad tracks, there’s a cross-buck, a big white X with the words, “Railroad Crossing” on it. Just like me, the yellow warning sign, it means to look and listen for a train before crossing the tracks. There might also be a sign below it showing how many sets of tracks are at the crossing. Nearby, there should also be a rectangular blue sign with a phone number on it. If your car should get stuck on the tracks, get out immediately and call this number. This is the first number you should call, but if this sign isn’t around, call 911. Many railroad crossings have lights and a bell along with the cross-buck. When a train is coming, the red lights flash, the bell rings, and if there are gates, they come down across the road. It is illegal to drive around lowered gates, not to mention very, very dangerous. Some roads with a lot of traffic have an additional set of flashing lights mounted up high on what’s called a cantilever. This let’s everyone- cars, busses, and trucks- to see when there’s a train coming. Safety is important even if you’re walking, or riding your bike or skateboard. Never walk on or along railroad tracks. It can take a train more than a mile to stop when it’s running. So, if you can’t get off the tracks for any reason, you could be in big trouble. Anyway, railroad tracks, railyards, and trains are private property and you’re not supposed to be on them anyway. Never dash across the tracks as soon as a train passes. There could be another one coming from the other direction, and you’d never see them until it was too late. Wait until the gates go up and the lights are off before crossing the tracks. Trains are fun to watch, and they carry people, and all sorts of goods, all over the country. But, being too close to them can be dangerous. So, when you see tracks, think train. Captions by
    GetTranscribed.com

    Lots & Lots of Trains #2 FULL SHOW | Lots of Trains for Kids | James Coffey
    Articles, Blog

    Lots & Lots of Trains #2 FULL SHOW | Lots of Trains for Kids | James Coffey

    August 15, 2019


    (tranquil synthesizer jingle) (train chuffs) (whistle toots) – [Voiceover] Here they come,
    clickety-clack down the track! It’s Lots and Lots of Trains. Big trains, little trains, steam trains, diesel, freight and passenger trains. Even trains that blow through snow. Old trains, new trains,
    fast trains, slow trains, smoking trains, even trains
    from around the world. Plus toy trains, trolley
    trains, and much, much more! Hear the whistle blow. Feel the heat! Smell the smoke, as these
    titans of the tracks thunder on by. (whistle blares) (energetic banjo music) (steam hisses) (whistle toots) (Lots and Lots of Trains by James Coffey) ♪ Through the night,
    to the early sunrise ♪ ♪ Traveling along on the railroad ties ♪ ♪ Through the gentle hills
    and the western skies ♪ ♪ I see lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Through the tunnels,
    by the ocean shore ♪ ♪ Listen to those diesel engines roar ♪ ♪ From Birmingham to Baltimore ♪ ♪ I see lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Coming ’round the bend
    and headed down the track ♪ ♪ Lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Coming ’round the bend
    and headed down the track ♪ ♪ I love to listen to the
    sound of that clickety-clack ♪ ♪ See the sights, hear the sounds ♪ ♪ By the cities, through the towns ♪ ♪ From the morning sunrise
    ’til the sun goes down ♪ ♪ I see lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Day or night, rain or shine ♪ ♪ Passing by the houses
    and the railway signs ♪ ♪ Over the mountains
    and through the pines ♪ ♪ I see lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Coming ’round the bend
    and headed down the track ♪ ♪ Lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Coming ’round the bend
    and headed down the track ♪ ♪ I love to listen to the
    sound of that clickety-clack ♪ ♪ And the smell of that
    smoke coming out the stack ♪ ♪ I’m gonna get on board
    and I’m not coming back ♪ (bell clangs) (train hisses) (horn whistles) (wheels clank) (“Big Train A Comin'” by James Coffey) ♪ Big train a comin’, comin’
    down that railway line ♪ ♪ Big train a comin’, comin’
    down that railway line ♪ ♪ With that whistle blowin’ ♪ ♪ Tellin’ me that’s she’s on time ♪ ♪ I’ll take that train to
    Georgia, tired of being alone ♪ ♪ I’ll take that train to
    Georgia, tired of being alone ♪ ♪ That big train’s comin’
    comin’ to take me home ♪ ♪ Big train a comin’, comin’
    down that railway line ♪ ♪ Big train a comin’, comin’
    down that railway line ♪ ♪ With that whistle blowin’ ♪ ♪ Tellin’ me that’s she’s on time ♪ (bell clangs) (engine hisses) (train clatters) (background chatter) (cheerful country music) – [Voiceover] Say you
    wanna ride, you know. (engine clanks) (wheels screech) (“New River Train”
    adapted by James Coffey) ♪ Ridin’ on that new river train ♪ ♪ Ridin’ on that new river train ♪ ♪ It’s the same old train
    that brought me here ♪ ♪ And gonna take me home again ♪ ♪ Ridin’ on that new river train ♪ ♪ Ridin’ on that new river train ♪ ♪ It’s the same old train
    that brought me here ♪ ♪ And gonna take me home again ♪ ♪ Tryin’ to find my way back home ♪ ♪ Tryin’ to find my way back home ♪ ♪ It’s been a long, long
    time since I’ve been there ♪ ♪ I’m tryin’ to find my way back home ♪ ♪ Ridin’ on that new river train ♪ ♪ Ridin’ on that new river train ♪ ♪ It’s the same old train
    that brought me here ♪ ♪ And gonna take me home again ♪ ♪ It’s the same old train
    that brought me here ♪ ♪ And gonna take me home again ♪ (horn blares) (engine rumbles) (train whirs) (horn blares) (train clanks) (upbeat energetic music) (horn blares) (bell chimes) (train whirs) (lighthearted banjo music) (whistle toots) (train whirs) (horn toots) (wheels screech) (horn toots) (train hisses) (engine whirs) (bell clangs) (train clanks) (engine thuds) (engine hisses) (horn blares) (train clicks) (horn blares) (train hisses) (horn brays) (bell dings) (train rattles) (horn blares) (horn blares) (up-tempo playful music) (bell chimes) (train screeches) (bell chimes) (engine whirs) (mid-tempo mellow music) (bell clangs) (bell clangs) (train clatters) (horn blares) (train clatters) (horn blares) (horn blares) (train screeches) (bells clank) (mid-tempo country music) (train rumbles) (train creaks) (horn toots) (horn toots) (bell chimes) (horn blares) (train rattles) (horn blares) (train chuffs) (horn blares) (train chuffs) (horn toots) (“Legends of the Rails” by James Coffey) ♪ I look at the clock
    it’s a quarter to four ♪ ♪ It’s been a long day,
    I can’t take anymore ♪ ♪ I’ve got to get away
    and head down the track ♪ ♪ With a full head of
    steam and no looking back ♪ ♪ I hear the pistons
    pounding out the beat ♪ ♪ I feel the rhythm underneath my feet ♪ ♪ And I dream, oh yeah, I dream ♪ ♪ I dream of the legends of the rails ♪ ♪ Of the legends of the rails ♪ ♪ I’ve got a temperature of a 103 ♪ ♪ I’ve got train fever
    and the one remedy ♪ ♪ Is a steamer, black ♪ ♪ Headed down the line ♪ ♪ Through the hills and into the pine ♪ ♪ Traveling along
    through the countryside ♪ ♪ I put my hand on the throttle ♪ ♪ And I open it wide ♪ ♪ And I dream, oh yeah, I dream ♪ ♪ I dream of the legends of the rails ♪ ♪ Of the legends of the rails ♪ ♪ A black silhouette
    against the moonlight ♪ ♪ A whistle echoing into the night ♪ ♪ By the rocky hills
    through the mountain snow ♪ ♪ 100 miles and 100 to go ♪ ♪ It’s a journey back
    to a place and time ♪ ♪ When a hot cup of coffee
    only cost you a dime ♪ ♪ And I dream, oh yeah, I dream ♪ ♪ I dream of the legends of the rails ♪ ♪ Of the legends of the rails ♪ (horn blares) (train chuffs) (train hisses) (train grumbles) (wheels click) (metal clatters) (children chatter) (rocks clatter) – [Voiceover] Dad, they’re gonna (rocks clatter) the engine if they run out of coal. (rocks clatter) – [Voiceover] Hey that’s nasty work. (metal clangs) (horn blares) (steam hisses) (horn blares) – [Voiceover] Couple more. (background chatter) (horn toots) – [Voiceover] Beautiful. (horn blasts) (horn blasts) (train rumbles) (horn toots) (train chuffs) (wheels squeak) (background chatter) (wheels screech) (train clanks) (train chuffs) (wheels squeak) (train creaks) (train clatters) (bell clangs) (steam hisses) – [Voiceover] That better? – [Voiceover] Yeah. (background chatter) (cheerful banjo music) (motor rattles) (“Lots and Lots of
    Trains” by James Coffey) ♪ Through the night,
    to the early sunrise ♪ ♪ Traveling along on those railroad ties ♪ ♪ Through the gentle hills
    and the western skies ♪ ♪ I see lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Through the tunnels,
    by the ocean shore ♪ ♪ Listen to that those
    diesel engines roar ♪ ♪ From Birmingham To Baltimore ♪ ♪ I See Lots And Lots Of Trains ♪ ♪ Lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Coming ’round the bend
    and headed down the track ♪ ♪ Lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Coming ’round the bend
    and headed down the track ♪ ♪ I love to listen to the
    sound of that clickety-clack ♪ ♪ See the sights and hear the sounds ♪ ♪ By the cities and through the towns ♪ ♪ From the morning sunrise
    ’til the sun goes down ♪ ♪ I see lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Day or night, rain or shine ♪ ♪ Passing by the houses
    and railway signs ♪ ♪ Over the mountains
    and through the pines ♪ ♪ I see lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Coming ’round the bend
    and headed down the track ♪ ♪ Lots and lots of trains ♪ ♪ Coming ’round the bend
    and headed down the track ♪ ♪ I love to listen to the
    sound of that clickety-clack ♪ ♪ And the smell of that
    smoke comin’ out the stack ♪ ♪ I’m gonna get on board
    and I’m not comin’ back ♪

    Job Security in an Insecure Time | America Inside Out
    Articles, Blog

    Job Security in an Insecure Time | America Inside Out

    August 15, 2019


    [car tires] When you found out
    you’d been hired by GE, what was your reaction? I didn’t believe it at first. It really didn’t sink in until
    I got the first paycheck. And I thought, I’m
    really in here. And you’d walk across
    the parking lot and look all the
    way down the avenue at all these antique,
    100-year-old buildings. And it really felt like you
    were part of something then. What Kevin Green
    has been a part of is an iconic company
    that has built the majority of North America’s
    locomotives for over a century. Without these massive
    machines pulling freight around the country, the
    explosion of American industry would have stopped
    in its tracks. Kevin’s married, no kids. And he’s been working as a
    machinist at GE for 15 years now. We’d always had ups and downs
    in the locomotive business. There was layoffs sometimes. But then, they would
    call people back. But this time, it really looks
    like it’s going downhill, and it’s not going
    to come back up. [train whistle] This one was
    made in about ’47. And that little tin railroad
    station was built here in Erie. Kevin’s friend, Donnie
    Rhodes, also works at the plant. After working all day
    in the din of a factory, the wheels on the rails here
    kind of helps you unwind. But the threat of
    more layoffs makes it almost impossible to unwind. Last summer, their close friend
    Denny died of a heart attack after he got laid off from GE. And you have to think that
    the stress of not knowing what you’re going to do, and
    where the good paychecks are going to come from, that had
    to be a contributing factor. I don’t think they give
    one whit about the worker. I don’t think they give one
    whit about the community that the workers are in. I mean, it’s just demoralizing. I don’t see any happy ending. Well, what are
    you going to do? I’m going to go to
    school and take up a degree in
    international business, because if you can’t beat them,
    you might as well join them. Things are more
    complicated for Kevin. I don’t think I could
    pass a test right now. My concentration is zilch. He’s been diagnosed with a
    severe case of Lyme disease that’s been expensive to treat. I had no idea there
    was anything in the world besides dementia or
    Alzheimer’s or something that could do this to a person. So let’s say, Kevin, you lose
    your job, your Lyme disease gets worse. What are you going to do? I don’t know. I do not know. It’s looming. You know it’s common. You’re going to get the
    tap on the shoulder, but you don’t know when. That must be really stressful. It is. [car tires] It is damn cold here, Scott. Do you ever get used to this? Actually, this is about as
    warm as I dress in the winter. Really? Yeah, it’s not bad. Scott Lawson is president of
    the local union representing GE workers like Kevin. The famous Dionr with an O. Dinor with an O? Yes. This is the only area in
    the world you’ll see this. Yeah. In GE’s heyday, they had
    as many as 22,000 people working inside those gates. And today, there’s
    less than 3,000. It’s just a constant bleed of
    employees out of this plant. Some jobs have been
    lost to automation, others to globalization. But in recent
    years, they’ve been lost to the Lone Star State. Lured by huge tax breaks,
    GE built a locomotive plant in Fort Worth that’s nonunion. And workers there are paid less. We watched,
    basically, good jobs being ripped out
    of Pennsylvania, given to the state of Texas. And you’re talking a
    multibillion dollar corporation that really
    doesn’t need the tax breaks. These decisions affect
    the entire community. An estimated 1 in 11
    jobs in Erie County depend on the plant. There’s a lot of
    fabrication shops and electrical shops that
    do a lot of work for us. So it has a huge
    ripple effect. It’s a massive ripple effect. GE insists it’s laying off
    workers to stay competitive, especially as
    countries like China take a bigger share
    of the market. When you have a business
    that’s running at 25% profits, it’s hard to tell the employees,
    we need more money out of your pocket,
    because we’re not going to be able to pay the
    dividend to the shareholders. And GE is not the only one. You have a lot of companies
    that are this way. It’s not about competitiveness. It’s about union busting Scott believes the
    decline of unions is a big part of the problem. 50 years ago, a third of the
    US workforce was unionized. We’ll stand up and fight back. [cheering] It’s down to 11% today. And the gulf between the
    rich and everyone else is now wider than ever before. Now, let’s see if we can’t
    get you out of that truck and back in the plant, buddy. But Scott’s members
    make 2 and 1/2 times more than the average
    salary here in Erie, about $70,000 plus benefits. There is an argument
    that global competition has put a lot of pressure
    on these corporations– Sure. –and that unions
    got too powerful. They got too greedy,
    and they got lazy. What’s your reaction
    when people say, you guys make too much an hour? What do you do for a living? That’s what I ask them. We handcraft a 460,000
    pound locomotive. And there’s a lot of pride
    in building something that you know is going to run
    for 20 years pulling freight across the United States. And when you lose
    that sense of pride, sometimes you lose
    a sense of purpose. And that’s what we’re seeing. A lot of people turn
    to drugs and alcohol. And some just say,
    I’ve had enough. And kill themselves. Sure. We’ve had quite a few suicides
    just from our workers. It was 7:00 o’clock
    on a Friday night. It was the middle of the shift. And we were working. And the machine I was on
    faced this fellow’s machine. I looked over where
    he was working, and he was handing on the crane. He had a choker around his neck. His knees were bent. And he was not moving. And he was about as white as
    your paper on the counter. And I couldn’t believe
    what I was looking at. In 2017, Erie’s suicide
    rate reached an all time high, the average victim, a
    47-year-old white male. But the problem isn’t
    unique to this city. A recent study revealed a
    shocking spike in the death rate for middle-aged
    white working class Americans, caused by alcoholism,
    drug overdoses, and suicides. I think a lot of people
    are feeling that despair, especially if you
    had a lucrative job, and you’re facing a
    change where you’re going to go back to
    living hand-to-mouth like you were before. They don’t know what
    the future holds. I don’t know what
    it holds, either. But I’m going to find out.

    Will Cat 5 Cable Handle Your Model Railroad Components
    Articles, Blog

    Will Cat 5 Cable Handle Your Model Railroad Components

    August 15, 2019


    in a previous video I showed you how to
    make a wiring harness for your tortoise which with this connector here and this
    terminal block right here and in that video I talked about using a cat5 cable
    to run that back to your control panel so that’s what we’re gonna do today I’m
    going to show you how to use a rj45 wall jack on there so you could run your cat5
    cable back to your control panel to operate your tortoise switch machines or
    even your cobalt switch machines if you want to do it that way you can also hook
    up a cat5 cable to any other thing so let’s get going with that right now i’m
    Tom Kvichak and this is Toms Trains and Things this channel was created to
    help other modelers who are in need of guidance in pursuing their dream of
    building a model railroad we’re going to talk about some cat 5 cable today we’re
    gonna hook it up on our harness right here what I use before on my project was
    4 twisted pairs telephone station wire we could use cat 5 cable also on this
    because it’s eight conductor it just has different wire colors on there now my
    old station wire has all solid colors on there on the cat 5 cable you have a
    solid color and a white with a tracer of that color so we’ll show you how to hook
    up the connectors and we’ll test it and we’ll do it on a short piece of cat 5
    cable and we’ll do it on a 25-foot or longer piece of cat 5 cable to see if we
    have any voltage drop or performance issues on the longer cable since I’m
    using two different types of cables on there on my the cable that I’m normally
    using is solid colors so I have white yellow green red orange brown blue and
    black going from pins one through eight and up here this is the configuration of rj45 so the pinout
    on here is 5 4 3 6 on one side and 1 2 7 8 on the other side so what I’m gonna do
    is put the white yellow blue black orange red green and brown on it like
    that so it’s a good idea to make up a little chart for you this is how the
    wires are going to go so I’ll just place this right here like that and we’re just
    going to drop these wires in here I’m just gonna push them in like this
    and then I have a little tool that I could push them down a little bit
    further so this is orange on this side red green and brown so now that we got them
    in there most of the times when you get this you’re going to come and get a tool
    like this and what you do is you just push each one of these down like that
    okay and then I’ll put this up here and where you can see it a little bit closer
    you take this and put this in the slot and just push this down on the wire so
    the wire goes go all the way down in the slot and there’s blades in there that
    makes contact and strips the insulation and makes contact with the wire just
    like that and then what you do now is just take your diagonal pliers and just
    snip off the excess and what I’m gonna do is just go again and just push it
    down in there just to make sure one whole eight wires and now all we have to
    do is work on the other side put the weight in there and make sure you got
    wires long enough and we got them and what I’ll do is just
    measure these the yellow goes over here and I’ll do the rest of these off-camera
    so you don’t have to watch me stripping and doing this to all the wires on here
    all right there’s the finished product right there I got all the wires in there
    on my terminal strip now if I didn’t have this terminal strip already I would
    have just taken this wall connector and connected it right to here but since I’m
    going to be testing it and I’m going to be putting the meter on here that’s why
    I still have it on the strip I stripped both ends of the wire I took about ang
    and a half to two inches so you could see that they are four twisted pairs you
    get two blue two brown orange and a green and on this side over here I
    separated them now you’re always going to have the brown and the white and
    brown on the one end and then the blue and the blue the white and blue in the
    center now there’s two different types of connector connections there’s a 568a
    and a 568b and the ones all the ones that I’ve seen
    use the B color code so what I’m going to do here I’m going to cut off all but
    about a half an inch and then try to straighten these out a little bit and
    put it on this connector here and when you put it on the connector you’re using
    this side here where you see all the pins on it not the part where the clip
    is you want to put it on like this what I do on here is I cut them down to about
    a half an inch and try to get them as straight as possible now I’m not going
    to remove my thumb here because that’ll get them out of order so turn this
    around and it should fit in right there and
    what I do before I crimp it I go and I make sure so I should have orange tracer
    orange green tracer blue blue tracer green Brown tracer in brown okay so now
    I got all of them in the correct place and you can see on the crimping tool
    this is four six conductor and that one’s for eight conductor so you see
    this side right here it’s worth you crimp down on and you could see the
    little teeth that come up and press it down on the pins in there so you got it
    inserted and you squeeze it clicks and you release it so there’s the other one
    and I’ll do the the other side of it all right and I have the same thing on the
    opposite side just to double-check it all the wires in place and flat and I
    straighten them out as much as possible and stick it up in there as far as it’ll
    go stick the cable in there make sure it’s
    in push on the cable and squeeze down on it
    okay and trying to get the little clip on there so we have us a long cable I’m
    not sure how long this is but I’ll measure it and we’ll use this for
    testing a long distance on the layout to see if we have any problems with the
    switch machines functioning I want to give you an example of the differences
    in these connectors this one the pin you know the way that you
    push your PIN your wires in to that for the pins this one is arranged to one
    three five and this one is one two three six so you have to pay close attention
    to what you’re doing when you’re doing that even though these are probably the
    same manufacturer they changed the position of the wires
    in the back where you push them in I’m going to take a really old patch cable
    and this one’s about a estimate this about five five foot long no good so I’m
    just going to clip the ends off of it and use this for my wall socket here I
    have the other one made up I didn’t cut the last four off of it they come in a
    strip of twelve so I have four extra ones on there but I’m just going to go
    down the line to make sure that we have a good connection I have a new connector
    here a new connector here this is a patch cable that I got okay here’s the
    cable that I just made up that’s plugged in here and on that terminal board right
    here so we’re just going to go down the line and check for continuity and what
    I’ll do is I’ll put on audible one there we go first one second one three four
    oops five six seven and eight now if you’re going to be making up cables it
    would be a good idea to put make up a test piece like this with terminal
    strips on each side so all you have to do is the cables that you’re making up
    that you could test them on there to make sure that your wiring is good on
    there now we could test out the switch
    machines we’re going to test this out I have it hooked up to 12 volts I have my
    terminal strip right here I have this is approximately a six foot cable right
    here and we’re going to test it out first with just to make sure that the
    switch machine works okay now what I’m going to do is I’m going to put the
    longer cable on there that I just made up now I have it hooked up to this cable
    right here now that’s a lot of resistor resistance going through 24 gauge wire
    so let’s see how this functions and it still looks pretty good so what I’m
    going to do is I’m going to put the meter on over here eleven point eight
    six now let me put it over here on here through twenty five or 230 foot eleven
    point eight three so we lost about three hundredths of a volt on there okay then
    switch this over and it’s just going to change to a minus eleven point eight
    three and you could see while its operating it went back up to eleven
    point eight six and drop down to eleven eleven point eight to here now let’s see
    it what it does close up now this is right at the power source right behind
    the switch so we’re starting out at eleven point eight six and we’ll see
    what happens when we operate so it goes up about
    one one-hundredth to 11.8 seven but that is pretty good we didn’t we didn’t lose
    that much voltage so I’m satisfied with that if you like what you see here and
    you are learning from the videos that I produce here go ahead on over to my
    patreon page where you can pledge as little as one dollar so you can help out
    in my efforts to produce more videos to teach you about beginning your model
    railroad so thank you very much well I’m totally satisfied with the results of
    this test today using the cat 5 cable the cable that I made up if we could
    just get a manufacturer to make a breakout board where we could put one of
    these connectors on here and have a wall jack on the other side that would be
    wonderful that way all we’d have to do is plug it
    in and plug a cat5 cable in there that we make and run it to our control panel
    and that’s what I am going to do on my layout because this test that I did was
    successful that’s the main reason that I wanted to see if we would have any
    problem with the tortoise which machine running it through a long length of cat
    5 cable the cobalt classic Omega now what did they do they added another pin
    on it for your signaling so that has nine pins on it now a cat5 cable only
    has eight so you wouldn’t be able to do it on this version of the cobalt classic
    Omega on the original one you would because there’s eight pins on there that
    as far as this one here you wouldn’t be able to use pin number three which they
    have as a signaling pin so there you go from the test and a little demonstration
    and I did today making up the cat 5 cables and the other end with the wall
    socket on there I hope you really learn something on it I did and I am satisfied
    with the test that I did today on there Oh about a month or two ago they started
    the Amazon influencer they opened it up to a lot of more creators and I applied
    for it and they turned me down then but I just got an email a couple of days ago
    that I was accepted into the Amazon influencer program so I will have my own
    page of items that I can sell on there from Amazon and I also applied for
    Amazon merge where they could make t-shirts that I design look for that in
    the future in the near future by the end of this week I should know about the
    page where I’m selling merchandise and a little bit later on about my own
    merchandise my own t-shirts so We’ll see Ya

    FEC Rebuilding the Overseas Railroad
    Articles, Blog

    FEC Rebuilding the Overseas Railroad

    August 15, 2019


    Ever since I was a kid, I’ve always wondered
    what the Overseas Railroad would look like and today I’m going to rebuild it for you
    guys. Let’s start by adding rock. Good! It’s looking just like the one that ran parallel
    to US 1 in Miami. Now, we add some rails… Exactly as how I remember it! There is, however, a slight modification:
    because as you guys know, where those cars are currently running on used to be the actual
    railroad. In this example, the Metrorail never got installed
    in 1984 so it allowed the track to continue running parallel to US1 and eventually they
    built it back into the Keys. Let’s see that train! Now that’s what I’m talking about, we have
    a full fledged Overseas Railroad with a train and everything! How beautiful does this look, guys? Okay so now we have the full visual impact
    of what this would look like nowadays. Let’s get the audio version of this example. What would this sexy beast sound like? There it is my friends! Now we got to fully experience what this would
    look like nowadays. Not even the Mona Lisa is that pretty, right
    guys? Truly a beautiful sight guys. I’ll let you takeit in for a second… Who knows, maybe in our lifetimes we’ll get
    to experience this phenomenon again? Ok guys, please remember to subscribe, like,
    or share and thank you for viewing!

    Railroad Crossing Removed Before and After
    Articles, Blog

    Railroad Crossing Removed Before and After

    August 15, 2019


    Hello ladies and gentlemen, I’m over here at SW 40th ST which is also Bird Rd in Miami, FL. and this is the site of the former FEC Railway Right of way That went up South. This is looking South. Met up with US 1, with the mainline along US 1. That went to the Florida Keys and eventually become into the Oversea Railway. But yeah, as you can see, this is where I’m at. And this is the railroad bed here. Facing South. This would be looking North. And this would be the foundation where the cantilever once stood. See the big screws that held it in place here. There’s 8 screws. There’s 4 on that side and 4 on this side. And this is where the where the crossing gate stood. And this is where the crossing was. Apparently, they’re going to turn this into a trail. all along the former right of way. It’s going to be Ludlam Trail. Here’s all the bulldozers and heavy equipment. That’s going to undertake the job. In this 2008 picture, you can clearly see the pavement markings in the bottom facing West on Bird Rd. Cantilever up top. And in this 2013 picture we can see that there’s nothing left. No No pavement markings, no cantilevers no crossing. Completely gone. Please Subscribe or like. Thank you for viewing. Over and out.

    One of Sweden’s finest and largest and most famous model railroad in HO scale
    Articles, Blog

    One of Sweden’s finest and largest and most famous model railroad in HO scale

    August 15, 2019


    [ Pilentum Television ] [ Music ] In summer 2019,
    Pilentum Television, was invited by one of the biggest
    model railway clubs in Sweden to produce a
    video documentary about Sweden’s finest and largest
    model railroad layout. Anyway, if you’re asking
    Swedish model railroaders and railway enthusiast,
    where to find the largest permanent model railway exhibition in
    Sweden, they will probably answer, this is the
    “Modelljärnväg Hässleholm”. By the way, the Swedish word
    “modelljärnväg” means “model railway” in British English and “model
    railroad” in American English. In this video, Pilentum Television
    presents the “Modelljärnväg Hässleholm”, really one of the largest model railroad
    layouts built in HO scale in Sweden. Right at the beginning of the video,
    we have seen a total view of the layout. As you have seen in this camera angle,
    this section of the model railroad inside the large exhibition hall
    occupies approximately 25 x 8 meters. Actually, this Swedish miniature world
    covers more than 700 square meters. Now, while watching the model trains, we
    have to learn some geography and history. On the contrary to many other
    model railway layouts, which are presented all over the world,
    this Swedish HO scale layout is a historically correct scale model of
    Hässleholm’s railway station, its locomotive shed and its buildings
    as they were in the late 1960’s. Hässleholm is a small city in Sweden
    with nearly 20,000 inhabitants. The town is about 100 kilometers away
    from Malmö, in the south of Sweden. The city of Hässleholm was developed
    from 1860 in connection with the construction of the railway
    line between Stockholm and Malmö. At that time, before the arrival of the railway,
    the city of Hässleholm did not exist. It was the railway traffic that
    made the city of Hässleholm famous. Therefore, Hässleholm gained
    the city title in 1914, and was then classified as one
    of Sweden’s smallest cities. During the 20th century
    Hässleholm developed into a large railway junction
    because it was a crossing of all the Swedish railway
    lines that ran from the north to the south and
    from the east to the west. Even today, Hässleholm is still an
    important railway junction in the network of the Swedish State Railways,
    also known as “Statens Järnvägar”. [ Music ] However, the railway history of Sweden is
    closely linked to the city of Hässleholm. That was the reason why Hässleholm’s
    model railway association, which was founded in 2004, decided to build a model
    railroad layout of the whole region. They started the construction in 2004. At first, only one segment was
    built, the railway station and the marshalling
    yard of Hässleholm. Very soon a Swedish miniature world with
    a size of 250 square meters was created. In 2008, Hässleholm’s model
    railway association had no more space to expand
    the model railway layout. Therefore, another room was rented to
    enlarge the Swedish miniature world. In the larger room, the railway stations
    of Tyringe and Sösdala were historically correct reconstructed in HO scale and
    integrated into the existing layout. In 2013, the Swedish
    Army leaves its location in Hässleholm,
    so Hässleholm’s model railway association was able to
    move into the old military buildings at the so-called
    “Garrison Hässleholm”. In 2014, the old railway modules and
    railroad sections of Hässleholm, Tyringe and Sösdala were dismantled in the old
    clubrooms and rebuilt at the new location. Since 2014, the Swedish miniature
    world has been growing continuously and is to be expanded extensively
    over the next few years. Until today, the HO scale layout
    was taking around 100,000 man hours. [ Music ] Actually, the layout
    occupies more than 700 square meters and consists of 1,600
    meters of track, 400 points (switches) and more than 600
    electrical blocks including block occupancy detection
    decoders and a signal system. When building this miniature world a
    lot of emphasis was put on reality. Many historical buildings,
    which no longer exist today, were reconstructed as
    they looked in the 1960’s. The track fields and the position of the
    rails were laid exactly on the model railway layout according to plans and drawings
    of the Swedish traffic administration. Hässleholm’s model railway association
    wants to expand the landscape even further. This means that all 17 sites in the
    municipality of Hässleholm, which had a railway station in the 1960’s, will be
    on the HO scale layout in the future. Because the “Modelljärnväg
    Hässleholm” presents Sweden’s railways in the
    1960’s, we cannot expect the famous high-speed
    trains, called “X 2000” or “X2”,
    which are used in Sweden today. There are no tilting trains
    and no high-speed trains. There are freight trains,
    local passenger trains and the famous Y6,
    Y7 and Y8 series of diesel railcars. These motor cars were used
    throughout the unelectrified Swedish rail network during
    the 1950’s to the 1980’s. On the layout, there are also the
    X5, X8 and X15 series of electric multiple units operated by “Statens
    Järnvägar” as express trains. These trains are painted in
    the typical orange color. Also the X9 series of four-car
    electric multiple units, once operated by the Swedish
    State Railways, also known as “Statens Järnvägar”,
    which were in service until the late 1990’s,
    are presented on the HO scale layout. By the way, that sharp
    reddish orange color gave the trains the nickname “Paprika
    Trains” (“Pepper Trains”). The rolling stock of this Swedish miniature
    world also consists of the famous “SJ Class Ra”, also known as “Rapid”, an electric
    locomotive operated by Swedish State Railways. Those electric locomotives were used on express trains and were mainly taken out of service in the late 1980’s. [ Music ] I don’t want to tell you for
    hours which trains or which places are presented on
    “Hässleholms Modelljärnväg”. Finally, it is the philosophy
    of Pilentum Television’s videos that they are mostly
    uncommented documentaries containing only the original
    sounds of locomotives and trains while running
    on railway sleepers. Therefore, I would like to provide you
    with some technical information in brief. The size of the whole layout makes it
    necessary to use a digital control system. So Hässleholm’s model
    railway association is using the software
    “Train Controller Gold”. Control of train sets, occupancy
    detectors and locomotive decoders are based on the digital model train
    control system, also known as DCC. The layout is built on two-rail DCC tracks. Please, enjoy this video! Don’t forget to visit this
    layout, called “Modelljärnväg Hässleholm”, when you are going
    to make a journey to Sweden. [ Music ] [ Music ] [ Music ] [ Music ]

    How Steam Trains Work | Talking Locomotive | Children | Lots & Lots of Trains
    Articles, Blog

    How Steam Trains Work | Talking Locomotive | Children | Lots & Lots of Trains

    August 15, 2019


    I’ll bet you’re wondering just what makes
    me tick. How does a steam locomotive work? Let me show you…
    Behind this steam engine is the tender, which holds the coal and water needed for the engine.
    There are two people in the cab of the engine: the engineer and the fireman. While engineer
    makes sure everything is running right, the fireman shovels coal into the firebox in the
    back of the locomotive. The smoke from the burning coal goes out the smokestack and the
    heat from the coal boils water in a big tank in the engine called the boiler. Just like
    a tea kettle. And what comes out of a tea kettle when it gets hot? Steam, that’s right.
    The steam builds up pressure, just like air in a balloon. That pressure pushes a piston
    at the front of the engine. And that piston is connected to number of rods. These rods
    are connected to the driving wheels. The steam pushes the piston, the piston pushes the rods,
    the rods push the driving wheels and, what do you know? The engine moves forward.
    Through the night to the early sunrise Travelling along on those railroad ties
    Thru the hills and the western skies I see lots and lots of big trains
    Through the tunnels by the ocean shore Listen to those diesel engines roar
    From Birmingham to Baltimore I see Lots and Lots of Big Trains
    Lots and Lots of big trains Big Trains
    Coming round the bend and headed down the track
    Lots and Lots of big trains Big Trains
    Coming round the bend and headed down the track
    I love to listen to the sound of that clickety clack
    See the sights and hear the sounds By the cities and through the towns
    From the morning sunrise til the sun goes down
    I see Lots and lots of big trains Day or night rain or shine
    Passing by the houses and the railway signs Over the mountains and through the pines
    I see Lots and lots of big trains Coming round the bend and headed down the
    track Lots and Lots of big trains
    Big Trains Coming round the bend and headed down the
    track I love to listen to the sound of that clickety
    clack Lots and Lots of big trains
    Big Trains Coming round the bend and headed down the
    track Lots and Lots of big trains
    Big Trains Coming round the bend and headed down the
    track I love to listen to the sound of that clickety
    clack And the smell of the smoke coming out the
    stack I’m going to get on board and I’m not coming
    back