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    10 Forgotten Female Firsts From History
    Articles, Blog

    10 Forgotten Female Firsts From History

    August 21, 2019

    Today we take a look at some notable and some
    slightly odd female firsts that went under the radar of history. Some were daring pioneers
    prepared to sacrifice everything in order to break down barriers and set new records.
    Others had more practical, even dubious reasons for their actions. And some were simply in
    the wrong place at the wrong time. 10. Ann Hodges On the afternoon of November 30, 1954, Ann
    Hodges was taking a nap in her home in Sylacauga, Alabama. She received quite a rude awakening
    as a chunk of rock about the size of a grapefruit crashed through the roof of her home, bounced
    off a console radio, and hit her in the thigh. Thus, she became the first and, so far, only
    recorded victim of a meteorite. Fortunately for Hodges, the space rock hit
    her on the rebound so, aside from a giant bruise, she was physically fine. However,
    she was greatly affected by the media frenzy that followed which eventually caused her
    to have a mental breakdown and ended her marriage. In the immediate aftermath, though, people
    were more concerned with who owned the meteorite. The Sylacauga police chief was the first to
    claim possession and he turned it over to the Air Force. Once it was determined to genuinely be a meteorite
    and not part of some crashed plane, the Air Force returned it to Hodges. However, as Ann
    and her husband, Eugene, rented their home, their landlady now claimed it as her own.
    She was a widow named Birdie Guy who argued that the rock belonged to her because it landed
    on her property. The two sides went to court. Guy surrendered
    her claim of ownership in exchange for $500. The Hodges were banking on recouping their
    losses and then some by selling the meteorite. Unfortunately, over a year had passed before
    this was resolved and the world moved on. There was no interest and, eventually, the
    Hodges donated the rock to the Alabama Museum of Natural History. 9. Cynisca of Sparta Born circa 440 BCE, Cynisca was the daughter
    of Archidamus II, King of Sparta. Like other Spartan women, she was encouraged to take
    an active role in physical activities, more so than women in any other Greek societies.
    Therefore, Cynisca took up equestrianism and became the first woman to win at the Olympic
    Games. Her accomplishment is known to us courtesy
    of Greek traveler and historian Pausanias. He wrote Descriptions of Greece which details
    his first-hand observations and experiences of the ancient world. Cynisca competed at the Olympiads in the four-horse
    chariot races. She won at the 396 and 392 BCE events, albeit she did it as a trainer
    and as a breeder, not as a racer. Women in Spartan society were provided more liberties,
    but they were far from equal citizens. Even as a princess, Cynisca was not allowed to
    participate in the Olympic events, nor was she permitted to take part in the winners’
    ceremony. However, Pausanias says that two monuments were erected to commemorate Cynisca’s
    victories. 8. Annie Edson Taylor When Annie Edson Taylor achieved her claim
    to fame at the beginning of the 20th century, she was a widow and an unemployed schoolteacher
    in her 60s. She didn’t exactly fit the image of a daredevil, yet she became the first person
    to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and survive. Taylor considered the feat a good way to make
    money. Stunts at Niagara were all the rage back then. In fact, she was not the first
    to jump into the river and make it out alive. Sam Patch, also known as the “Yankee Leaper,”
    did it in 1829. However, he dived into the river near the base of Niagara Falls from
    an elevated platform. He didn’t actually go over the waterfall. Annie Taylor took the plunge on October 24,
    1901, on her 63rd birthday. She had a sturdy barrel constructed out of oak and iron and
    lined with cushions to soften the ride. A boat towed her to the middle of the river
    and then just let the barrel go adrift. The rapids propelled Taylor over Horseshoe Falls,
    the largest of the three waterfalls at the site. The whole journey lasted about 20 minutes.
    When the barrel was recovered, Taylor was battered, bruised, and had a cut on her head,
    but otherwise uninjured. Unfortunately, Taylor’s stunt did not bring
    the windfall she envisioned. She made some money giving interviews and posing for photographs
    with tourists, but had to spend most of it on private investigators when her manager
    ran off with her savings and her barrel. 7. Alaska Davidson Alaska Packard Davidson’s time in law enforcement
    was short, but enough to make a mark on history. On October 11, 1922, she became the first
    female FBI agent. Strictly speaking, back then it was still
    known as the Bureau of Investigation (BOI) under the leadership of William J. Burns,
    a former private investigator dubbed “America’s Sherlock Holmes.” The bureau’s main concern
    at that time was the Mann Act or the White-Slave Traffic Act passed in 1910. BOI officials
    felt that female agents could prove useful in working such cases. Alaska Davidson was hired by the BOI when
    she was 54. Although there are no records of her specific assignments, she was considered
    “very refined” and too proper of a lady to work the more sordid cases. Two other women,
    Jessie Duckstein and Lenore Houston, were hired in subsequent years. The BOI’s reputation took a severe hit following
    multiple controversies and allegations of corruption, most notable being the Teapot
    Dome Scandal. Burns stepped down and, in 1924, J. Edgar Hoover became the new director. Hoover’s first mission was to streamline
    the department and get rid of unnecessary agents. Alaska Davidson was on the chopping
    block, as was Duckstein. Both women turned in their resignations in 1924. Lenore Houston,
    an agent actually hired by Hoover, lasted until 1928. Two years later, she was in a
    mental institution in a delusional state, threatening to shoot Hoover if she would ever
    be released. 6. Alice Guy-Blaché When film was first created, people initially
    used it to record occurrences of everyday life. The most famous example was the movie
    which depicted the arrival of a train. According to urban legend, this frightened some viewers
    who ran to get out of the way. It took a few years before people realized
    that movies could be used to tell a story. This led to the appearance of the narrative
    film and one of the first to direct such a feature was Alice Guy-Blaché. For over a decade, Guy-Blaché was not only
    the first female director, but likely the only one. Born Alice Guy in France, she started
    as a secretary for a company that manufactured cameras and photography supplies. The business
    changed hands and came under the leadership of Léon Gaumont. In 1896, Alice, then Gaumont’s
    secretary, convinced him to let her film a movie with a story. The result was La Fée
    aux Choux (The Fairy of the Cabbages). The 1896 version doesn’t exist anymore.
    Alice remade it in 1900 and 1902, but there are records and newspaper stories that attest
    to her original accomplishment. She was named head of production for Gaumont’s film studio
    and was responsible for hundreds of other features. Guy married a cameraman named Herbert Blaché
    in 1907. The two moved to America and founded their own company, Solax Studios, in New York
    City. As director, writer, and producer, Alice Guy-Blaché was responsible for around 1,000
    films, but few of them still survive today. 5. Bathsheba Spooner Not all female firsts are positive. Some,
    like that of 18th century Massachusetts wife Bathsheba Spooner, are notorious. On July
    2, 1778, she became the first woman to be executed in the United States of America following
    the Declaration of Independence. Bathsheba plotted to kill her husband, Joshua
    Spooner, with the help of three soldiers. She was having an affair with one of them,
    a 16-year-old named Ezra Ross. After she became pregnant, Bathsheba knew that her husband
    will soon discover her infidelity so she urged the young soldier to poison him. Initially, Ross agreed to do the deed, but
    backed out at the last minute. This prompted Spooner to enlist the aid of two British deserters,
    Williams Brooks and James Buchanan. They attacked her husband on his way home from the tavern.
    Ross then helped them dispose of the body in a well. The crime was discovered soon after
    and all four were sentenced to the gallows. History’s portrayal of Bathsheba Spooner
    has fluctuated. Sometimes she was seen as a cold-hearted, manipulative killer; other
    times she was regarded as a desperate woman trapped in a loveless marriage with an abusive
    man. Some, like her defense lawyer and future Attorney General Levi Lincoln, argued that
    Spooner was a woman with a “disordered mind.” 4. Sophie Blanchard On November 21, 1783, Jean-François Pilâtre
    de Rozier and François Laurent d’Arlandes made the first manned balloon flight, thus
    triggering the start of humanity’s obsession with flying through the skies. This led to
    a period of time dubbed “balloonomania” and the two daredevils were soon followed
    by other pioneers. Among them were Jean-Pierre Blanchard and his wife, Sophie. Blanchard made his first successful balloon
    flight in 1784. He married Sophie two decades later and the couple had their first flight
    together soon after. Jean-Pierre died in 1809 from injuries sustained from a fall from his
    hot air balloon. Sophie Blanchard continued flying solo after his passing, thus becoming
    the first professional female balloonist. She wasn’t the first woman to ride in a
    balloon as that distinction most likely belongs to Élisabeth Thible. However, she was the
    first to pilot her own craft and to undertake the practice as her profession. Sophie won the favor of Napoleon and King
    Louis XVIII and they both bestowed upon her official appointments related to aeronautics.
    She became wildly popular throughout Europe and drew large crowds each time she made an
    ascent. Blanchard was also responsible for another,
    more tragic milestone as she became the first woman killed in an aviation accident. On July
    6, 1819, she took off over the Tivoli Gardens in Paris and her balloon caught on fire. The
    circumstances are not exactly clear, but it seemed to be a combination of strong winds
    and the pyrotechnics she used in her show. Her craft struck the roof of a house and Blanchard
    was thrown to the ground below. She was either killed instantly or died soon after. 3. Aloha Wanderwell Aloha Wanderwell earned monikers such as “the
    world’s most widely traveled girl” and “the Amelia Earhart of the open road.”
    She is recognized as the first woman to drive around the world. Her life was full of thrilling
    adventures, constant novelties, and even a puzzling murder mystery. Born Idris Hall in Winnipeg, Aloha had the
    yearning for excitement from a young age. In 1922, the 16-year-old saw a wanted ad in
    a Parisian newspaper. It was looking for a beautiful, brainy young woman who wasn’t
    afraid to “rough it” on an expedition throughout Asia and Africa. She would have
    to work in front and behind a camera. This was Aloha’s dream job so she joined
    the expedition. It was a round-the-world endurance race organized by one Walter Wanderwell. The
    plan was to drive as much as possible in a 1917 Ford Model T. Funding came from filming
    and screening their travels as well as giving lectures. The expedition made its way through Europe,
    then into Asia through India and China. On its way back, it crossed the USSR. Afterwards,
    the team flew to Africa and traversed the continent from Cape Town to Cairo. Walter
    and Aloha married during this journey. Walter Wanderwell was killed in 1932 aboard
    his schooner in Long Beach. He had a shady past so there was a list of suspects an arm
    long, but nobody was convicted of his murder. Aloha eventually remarried and continued her
    globetrotting ways, adding North and South America, Australia, and Indochina to the list. 2. Harriet Quimby Harriet Quimby was a pioneer of aviation who
    was responsible for multiple firsts in that area. Her crowning achievement took place
    in 1912 when she became the first woman to fly over the English Channel. Her success
    was greatly diminished in terms of media attention, however, due to unfortunate timing. Born in Arcadia, Michigan, Quimby joined the
    Aero Club of America and became the first woman to obtain a pilot’s license in the
    United States. She proved to be a popular attraction and drew large crowds whenever
    she took to the skies. When she wasn’t flying, Quimby had a fruitful career as a Hollywood
    screenplay writer. She wrote seven scripts that were turned into movies directed by D.
    W. Griffith and even had a minor role in one of them. In 1912, Harriet wanted to fly across the
    English Channel. On April 16, she took off from Dover and landed in Calais after a 59-minute
    flight. Harriet Quimby was the first woman to perform
    this feat and at a time when the public had a great interest in aviation stories. Yet
    her flight received little attention from newspapers because, just the day before, the
    Titanic had sunk in the Atlantic Ocean. 1. Jeanne Baret In the mid 18th century, scientific voyages
    of exploration were very popular. Consequently, King Louis XV of France tasked Admiral Louis
    Antoine de Bougainville with the first French circumnavigation of the globe. He set off
    in 1766 with two ships: Boudeuse and the Étoile. He had a large crew of over 300 men and, unbeknownst
    to everyone, one woman. Jeanne Baret disguised herself as a man and became the first known
    woman to circumnavigate the Earth. There was one person who was aware of Baret’s
    true identity: Philibert Commerson, the expedition’s botanist. The two of them were lovers and
    Baret came along as his assistant. Although the duo had their own private cabin, rumors
    still spread that Baret was, in fact, a woman. De Bougainville noted in his journal that
    the valet had a beardless chin and a soft voice and was in the habit of never undressing
    or peeing in front of others. Eventually, Baret came clean to the captain.
    The ships reached Mauritius where Commerson realized that his friend and fellow botanist
    Pierre Poivre was the governor. The two left the expedition and stayed on as his guests. Besides sailing around the world, Baret also
    helped Commerson with his botany work. However, the naturalist was in poor health and died
    a few years later. Eventually, Baret married a French officer and returned to France sometime
    in 1775, thus completing her circumnavigation.

    Top 11 Countries with Fastest Operating Speed Trains
    Articles, Blog

    Top 11 Countries with Fastest Operating Speed Trains

    August 20, 2019

    Engineering8 mempersembahkan… Batas Kecepatan Kereta Api Tertinggi di 11 Negara #11: Belanda
    300 km/jam sejak Desember 2009 Jalur batas kecepatan>100 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 300 km/jam (merah) #10: Taiwan
    300 km/jam sejak Januari 2007 Jalur batas kecepatan 300 km/jam (putih) #9: Italia
    300 km/jam sejak Desember 2005 Jalur batas kecepatan>250 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 300 km/jam (merah) #8: Britania Raya
    300 km/jam sejak September 2003 Jalur batas kecepatan>200 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 300 km/jam (merah) #7: Jerman
    300 km/jam sejak Agustus 2002 Jalur batas kecepatan>200 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 300 km/jam (merah) #6: Belgia
    300 km/jam sejak Desember 1997 Jalur batas kecepatan>100 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 300 km/jam (merah) #5: Korea Selatan
    305 km/jam sejak November 2007 Jalur batas kecepatan>230 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 305 km/jam (merah) #4: Spanyol
    310 km/jam sejak Oktober 2011 Jalur batas kecepatan>250 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 310 km/jam (merah) #3: Jepang
    320 km/jam sejak Maret 2013 Jalur batas kecepatan>240 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 320 km/jam (merah) #2: Perancis
    320 km/jam sejak Juni 2007 Jalur batas kecepatan>200 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 320 km/jam (merah) #1: Tiongkok
    431 km/jam sejak April 2004 Jalur batas kecepatan>200 km/jam (putih)
    Jalur batas kecepatan 300 km/jam (merah) #1: Tiongkok
    431 km/jam sejak April 2004 Kereta Api Maglev Shanghai
    431 km/jam Jangan lupa buat nge-like dan nge-share 🙂

    Top 10 Worst Small Towns In America. #3 Is Great
    Articles, Blog

    Top 10 Worst Small Towns In America. #3 Is Great

    August 19, 2019

    hey welcome back everyone or welcome to
    the world according to Briggs of this your first time on this channel we do
    lists about locations and types of locations kind like a Travel Channel
    after talking so much recently about the book flue highways in case this is your
    first time here it’s a true story about a college professor who traveled all
    around the u.s. using backroads only he visited a bunch of small towns and he
    wrote a book about it while talking about it I kind of noticed going over
    all my old list that haven’t done any list on small towns they’ve all been
    about big cities and the worst cities and liberal and conservative cities but
    nothing about small-town America which is most of our country so I thought I’d
    make a couple lists about small towns small towns or towns that have under
    70,000 people but of course above a thousand people now full disclosure
    about these lists I had to cut California out of the equation because
    the bottom 32 is all California some up in the Oakland area but a majority of
    them are down in the Los Angeles area the Compton’s wine gardens things like
    that so I just cut California out of the equation so being fair of the small-town
    folks I thought I’d start these lists after all we live in a world these days
    where some people go over everything you do and say searching for something to be
    offended by I mean I have one guy pissed off at me because I haven’t included
    possum trot Kentucky on any of these lists so far so here’s my top ten were
    small towns in America number ten Kokomo Indiana first of all this place is in
    the middle of nowhere an hour north of Indianapolis up the Westfield Boulevard
    you find Kokomo Indiana if you’re pulling a u-haul keep driving this place
    has bad jobs bad weather and in bad history Kokomo has been struck by 18
    tornadoes between 1950 and 2015 and one giant Klan rally attended by over
    200,000 Klan members if that’s not fun enough Kokomo’s mayor in 1881 was shot
    dead by a sheriff’s posse after he robbed the local flour mill in the early
    1980s Koch bow made national news for expelling a child who contracted aids
    from a blood transfusion like I said keep driving number nine Ardmore Oklahoma Ardmore is
    one of those places every young girl dreams of moving out of the kind of
    place where people say stupid stuff like you got a future at the plant boy don’t
    screw it up by growing your hair long in just three to five years you could be
    pulling down 25k a year you can’t beat money like that Ardmore only has 25,000
    residents and according to the stats each one of them has a solid chance of
    being assaulted every single day they had more than 400 assaults reported in
    2016 on top of that it’s just a matter of time before the plant shuts down and
    1900 more people are on welfare this place was an energy town for a long time
    and of course this led to highly contaminated water like most energy
    towns and in 1915 a train containing gas exploded killing 45 people and
    destroying much of downtown nobody seemed to mind because they built the
    new portion just outside the burn mark from the explosion and called it good
    hey here’s a fun fact John Hinckley jr. the guy who shot Ronald Reagan he was
    raised in Ardmore and what if he drank that water number eight Niagara Falls
    New York Niagara Falls I always thought this was
    a nice place and to my surprise it’s one of the most dangerous small towns in the
    state of New York and also the country while many of the crimes that occur in
    Niagara Falls may be targeted tourists residents have a one in 25 chance of
    being robbed every year themselves is this the type place you’d consider
    relocating to not a lot of people do nobody’s moving into Niagara Falls the
    average home in Niagara Falls cost sixty eight thousand dollars sixty eight
    thousand dollars now that’s like Mississippi backwood prices fifth
    cheapest average home price in the country and they still can’t get people
    to move in there way to go Niagara number seven Anderson Indiana this is
    the second Indiana City on our list but if you know Indianapolis in the area
    around it in Indiana you know that central Indiana is in bad shape when it
    comes to crime and jobs Anderson is in the top 13 percent when it comes to the
    sheer number of crimes for a town of this size when General Motors closed its
    operations in Anderson this city was dealt a major economic blow as GM was
    the biggest employer in Anderson folks who still live here have a daily
    struggle finding good jobs it sucks when Walmart is your biggest employer in town
    side note I know a lot of trivia I do a lot of reading and I like trivia things
    and I just know trivia things that’ll never get me ahead in life but I enjoy
    it and I can tell you it blew me away when I looked up Anderson they have 40
    people listed as notable residents or people famous people from Anderson I
    didn’t know any of them not one that’s the first time I’ve ever come across
    with that many people have no idea who any of them were number six Rocky Mount North Carolina
    every state has a bad town or two North Carolina has a serious one in Rocky
    Mountain this city of about 58,000 people was listed as the ninth most
    dangerous city in terms of assaults in 2016 not many of the more serious crimes
    of murder or whatever than other places but assaults are pretty frequent about
    as frequent as commercial see them all the time I hate those
    commercials but I’m sure they play those commercials a bunch in Rocky Mount Rocky
    Mount is twenty third on the list of 101 cities of the highest percentage of
    single-parent households if they did play those commercials I’m sure nobody
    would see them because the unemployment rate is so high nobody can afford cable number five Pine Bluff Arkansas the only
    category keeping Pine Bluff from ranking first on this list is the fact that the
    public school system seems to be well funded this city has problems in most
    cities with high crime and low property value have underfunded schools not Pine
    Bluff they’re doing something right there when you can buy a home for
    $70,000 in a place with a good school system you have to wonder why what’s
    violent crimes and pills that’s your answer this town is in the middle of a
    serious pill and heroin fight and it’s too bad Google this town and look at the
    street view go up and down the streets looks like this place was really nice
    once it’s too bad and number four
    Litchfield Kentucky gradual ations Bluegrass State you made the list to be
    fair kentucky has some really nice towns Litchfield ain’t one of them
    Litchfield is probably the worst place you could live in Kentucky and I bet you
    want to know why number one I was stabbed by a guy from Litchfield well in
    the army probably shouldn’t have asked a man sharpening a bayonet
    if the KY and KY jelly is because they use so much written the Kentucky
    backwoods his reply was no you stupid ass and I replied what brand do you use
    in the Kentucky backwoods and he stabbed me the twisted part were still friends
    on Facebook number two the unemployment rate is
    about 13 percent the schools are underfunded and the property values are
    well below state average got a serious meth and pill problem and a home costs
    about eighty-five thousand which is a true sign your town blows in Litchfield
    you have a 1 in 35 chance of being the victim of some type of property crime
    every single year don’t move tillage filled number three
    Elkhart Indiana another Indiana town has made the list
    Elkhart is just outside a South Bend where the University of Notre Dame is in
    Elkhart one in nine residents are without jobs and home prices are about
    as low as you can get 65,000 it’s the average I watched a video of a home
    foreclosure auction and the highest bidder was $37,000 the guy filming it
    said at $37,000 this guy won’t be able to flip it and make a profit are you
    kidding me if you just have the framing in California on a burnt-out lot next to
    a trailer park $37,000 you could flip it and make a fortune when you can buy a
    home on a first year Taco Bell crew member income with no down payment your
    town sucks they have so many abandoned homes in Elkhart it’s crazy there was a
    report that a whole block lost power nobody reported it for three days the
    few residents that lived on that block thought they just hadn’t paid their bill
    and weren’t able to so nobody called took him three days realized that there
    was like a transformer something out on the block number two Fort Pierce Florida Fort
    Pierce is a dangerous place where it’s really hard to get a job city of under
    42,000 people shouldn’t have eight murders every year more than one in nine
    people are without jobs and most of those jobs they do have are in the
    neighborhood of minimum wage Fort Pierce is an old army installation back from
    the second Seminole Wars Seminole Indians we used to fight him I guess
    when you’re in Fort Pierce you have a 1 in 68 chance of being the victim of a
    violent crime every single year according the FBI website fun times and
    Fort Pierce this is also another place where an odd amount of adults go missing
    adults vanish here like some kind of twisted magic show
    this is also the hometown of a bunch of sports stars and Edwin Binney
    miney Vinnie I don’t know how to pronounce his name but he’s the
    co-founder of Crayola Crayons so that’s a plus and number one Gallup New Mexico right
    now you’re saying Gallup New Mexico where is that well for starters it’s in
    New Mexico this small city is really isolated along a stretch of the i-40 now
    it’s near a Native American reservation it’s been well documented that living
    outside of a Native American reservation is extremely dangerous especially for
    white folks I won’t speculate on white but I’m sure it has a lot to do with the
    actions of white folks just a guess but this town is sixteenth and most violent
    small towns in the nation where locals had a 1 in 47 chance of being the victim
    of a violent crime property crimes are also sky high and they are 15th in the
    nation in unauthorized use of another human beings body I can’t say what that
    is or what it’s really called or the new Google system will actually flag my
    video for a couple days so they actually watch it and demon advertiser friendly
    but I think you know what I’m talking about
    one other stat about Gallup New Mexico they ranked fifth as in five in the
    nation of residents who’ve drank an alcohol within the last 30 days
    bladder drinking goes on in Gallup New Mexico well that’s my list I hope you
    enjoyed it kind of a little downer on this one we’re small towns but I thought
    we’d do it anyway I hope you enjoyed it I hope you give me a big thumbs up tell
    me if you think I missed another small town or there’s one near you that’s
    horrible maybe I’ll cover it the next time we do this subject but hey everyone
    have a great day don’t forget to share this on your social media don’t forget
    give me a like a dislike leave a comment subscribe if you haven’t already
    subscribe be nice to each other everyone


    The 10 Best Places To Live In Pennsylvania For 2018

    August 17, 2019

    Living in Pennsylvania puts outdoor lovers
    near trout-filled streams, scenic hikes and cross-country skiing trails. While Pittsburgh and Philadelphia offer urban
    environments loaded with entertainment options, much of Pennsylvania is made of up small towns
    and dense forest areas. Steel production, train manufacturing, banking
    and agriculture drive the economy in Pennsylvania. Here are the 10 best places to live in Pennsylvania: 1. Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh is on the verge of greater heights. Emerging from a dying steel industry, Pittsburgh
    is earning another name: reinvention city. Since the steel mills closed in the 1980s,
    Pittsburgh feels cleaner and full of energy. Pittsburgh now encompasses more acres of park
    per capita and trees per square mile than any other major US metro area,
    and it’s attracting major corporations looking to set up shop. A rise in job opportunities has made Pittsburgh
    an attractive place for families and graduates. Pittsburgh also offers a cheaper housing market
    and proximity to other large metro areas. Summers are hot and humid while winters are
    cold and snowy. Spring and autumn are unpredictable: frosty
    and cold in the mornings, warm and muggy in the afternoon. It’s one of the top 10 safest cities in Pennsylvania,
    as well as one of the most affordable. 2. Philadelphia. Philadelphia offers a unique setting for an
    eclectic mix of modern lifestyles, mingling both the edgy and the sophisticated. History and art are pervasive in the city
    proper. Walking through downtown,
    you’ll likely spot murals and mosaics coating the sides of industrial warehouses and ivy
    climbing the walls of 300-year-old brick buildings. Culture is well-established in Philly, too,
    as evidenced by the array of art galleries, music venues and theaters, as well as the
    nation’s oldest art museum. Families tend to leave the center city area
    in favor of the quality schools and larger home options of areas like Manayunk, East
    Falls and Roxborough. Small public parks are interspersed in the
    gridwork of Philadelphia, an important aspect of William Penn’s design for Philadelphia. These green spaces bring welcome relief from
    the daily hustle and bustle and are an integral part of the City of Brotherly Love. 3. Penn Wynne. Penn Wynne is a suburb in Montgomery County
    with roughly 6,000 residents and often shows up on many livability polls. That is because everything seems to be going
    swimmingly in Penn Wynne. It has an excellent school system ranked A+
    by, a website that crunches public data to provide ratings and rankings for schools
    and neighbourhoods. Indeed, this system is responsible for a 13%
    higher high school graduation rate that the rest of the state. Crime rate in this suburb, which mostly comprises
    residential streets, is virtually non-existent. The residents, with a large Orthodox Jewish
    population amongst them, is keen on promoting a green lifestyle,
    working together as a community to conserve the natural assets in the area. 4. State College. State College might not immediately come to
    mind as a great place to live, because it is most widely known as a college town. Despite the fact that Penn State students
    outnumber other residents here, it can be a wonderful place to live due to its safety
    and the fun activities that the area provides. Of course you probably know that some of the
    best ice cream in the country can be found here,
    at the Penn State Creamery. There are great schools, if you’re going to
    raise a family here — and the plethora of college students means that
    there’s always fun events and activities taking place. Low crime rate. Low commute time with most residents spending
    16 minutes on average to get to their stations. Vibrant nightlife. Plenty of outdoor activities. State College is one of the best places to
    live in Pennsylvania. 5. Mount Lebanon. If a higher than average high school graduation
    rate, higher than average income, low crime rate and
    multiple local amenities sound like a nice combination for you when choosing a place
    to live in, consider Mount Lebanon. The cost of living in this town of 33,000
    residents is slightly higher than what you would contend with in other places in Pennsylvania. Median home value is $225,000 and rent is
    a little over $100 more than national average. But with all the aforementioned positives
    promised by this Pittsburgh suburb, you can absolutely justify making a move here. 6. Radnor Township. Radnor Township is located in Delaware County
    and is home to 32,000 people. We admit this is not the most pocket-friendly
    of towns in the state, but if education is one of the influencing factors when choosing
    an ideal place to live, you can’t do better than Radnor Township. The population here is well-educated, with
    good public schools ranked A+ on, and great universities that include the likes
    of Eastern College and Villanova University. It thus comes as no surprise to know the median
    income of $106,538 is double that the national average and one of the highest in the state. That is more than enough to cushion the residents
    from the high cost of living in a place where homes average $622,500. 7. Bethel Park. This Pittsburgh suburb of 32,000 residents
    gives you plenty of reasons to call it home. The education system is one of the best in
    Pennsylvania, and there is little crime happening here. The cost of living is some way below the national
    average, and the area is steeped in so much natural
    beauty, it is hard to believe an average three-bedroom home goes for $160,000. You won’t venture a mile in Bethel Park
    without coming across green space that is not meticulously maintained. This means there is plenty of space for your
    children to play and run around, and all these together make for compelling reasons to raise
    a family here. 8. West Chester. Speaking of Chester County, if you prefer
    living in the vicinity of Philadelphia, one of the best places to live is West Chester. The suburb of 19,000 people is a feast for
    the history lover looking to immerse themselves in the deep past of Pennsylvania. It is littered with historic homes and buildings
    so precious they are protected, and setting foot here is akin to stepping into a time
    capsule. Understandably, the cost of living is high,
    with median home value sitting at $313,000. The education system, however, can hold its
    own with the very best in the state, boasting the highest graduation rate in the state. 9. Emmaus. The quaint suburb of Emmaus is nestled in
    the picturesque Lehigh County near Allentown. It is a historic community with a population
    of 11,000 residents who love the area for more than just the peace and quiet. The education system is excellent and the
    cost of living is low, with homes going for $170,000 on average. Emmaus is a close community noted for its
    friendly atmosphere, and its livability didn’t escape the attention of Money Magazine which
    has featured the suburb more than once in its 100 best places
    to live in the US list. Anyone who has watched the comedy drama Marley
    & Me might be surprised to know Emmaus is the real-life home of the family that inspired
    the film. 10. Philadelphia Main Line .
    The Philadelphia Main Line, known simply as the Main Line, is an informally delineated
    historical and social region of suburban Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It derives its name from the fact that towns
    were built along the “Main Line” of the Pennsylvania Railroad. If money is no object for you, then the Main
    Line is a great place to live. It includes the top school districts in the
    state – Tredyffrin/Easttown School District, Lower
    Merion School District, and Radnor Township School District. It’s also an extremely safe and beautiful
    area with an endless array of fun restaurants and activities. It is within close proximity to Philadelphia
    and offers easy public transportation into the city.

    4 Disappearances That Have Been Solved
    Articles, Blog

    4 Disappearances That Have Been Solved

    August 13, 2019

    1. Lula Cora Hood
    In 1970, a single mother named Lula Cora Hood left her home in Galesburg, Illinois after
    a family argument and never returned. She left behind her 15-year-old daughter. Cora suffered from mental health problems
    and was in and out of her children’s lives even before she disappeared. But this time she never returned to her family,
    who believed they would never hear of her again. There were no leads, no tips, no sign of what
    had happened to her. She simply vanished. Then, 15 years ago, mushroom hunters found
    human remains in a Galesburg brickyard. After making a facial reconstruction, detectives
    believed that the bones belonged to Lula. However they were unable to confirm this through
    DNA analysis as testing on bones could not be done at the time. Nonetheless Cora was assumed dead and the
    family buried the remains and held a memorial service to say goodbye. It seemed as if the mysterious vanishing had
    at last been solved. For 13 years that grave would be considered
    to be Lula’s, and the mystery would be case closed, Untill 2009 when a fresh DNA analysis
    showed the remains interred 15 years ago were not those of Lula’s at all, and belonged
    to another unidentified individual. After DNA ruled out Cora as a match for the
    remains, police reopened their investigation with an online database search using her first
    and middle names and her date of birth. Authorities were able to discover that an
    84-year-old woman living in Florida was in fact the long missing Lula Hood, and that
    she had a new family and had eventually had 14 children. Even though Cora did not remember her daughter
    after all these years, they eventually reunited. Incidentally, in 2013, the female remains
    were finally identified as another missing woman named Helen “Ruth” Alps. 2. Wendy Von Huben
    Sixteen-year-old Wendy Von Huben lived in Woodstock, Illinois, with her family. She was dating a nineteen-year-old boy named
    Jesse Howell, who had recently moved into his own home. On February 22, 1997, Wendy told her parents
    that she was staying over at a friend’s house. In reality, however, Wendy and Jessie ran
    away, after Jesse promised to take her around the world. When wendy didn’t come home the next day,
    her parents reported her missing. They later learned from her school that she
    had skipped classes up to a week prior to her disappearance. Wendy and Jesse went on a trip along with
    another couple. During the trip, they slept in their friend’s
    car and stopped in different states. They ended up in Bradenton, Florida where
    they parted ways with the other couple. Shortly after they ran out of money and lived
    under a bridge near Dade City for few days. On March 19, Wendy called her parents and
    asked for $200 for a bus ticket back home for her and Jesse. A few days later, Jesse called his parents
    from a nearby truck stop. He said that they were on their way home. However, two days later, on March 23, Jesse
    was discovered bludgeoned to death near the railroad tracks in Marion County, Florida. He had been struck from behind and there was
    no evidence of a struggle. There was still money in his pocket and a
    half-smoked cigarette on the ground. A small drop of blood on his jacket was believed
    to belong to Wendy. However wendy was nowhere to be seen. Several weeks later, on June 4, Wendy’s parents
    received a phone call from Wendy in which she said, “It’s me, Wendy!” and then hung
    up. She then called again and told her father
    that she was at a gas station in Kankakee, Illinois. However, the conversation was so short, her
    father was not sure that it was actually her. Police tracked the phone to a Phillips 66
    gas station. After viewing surveillance videotape, they
    spotted a teenage girl that matched Wendy’s description. Her parents watched the tape and agreed that
    the girl was Wendy. Police estimated that the tape was filmed
    within minutes of the phone calls. Some local drifters told police that Wendy
    was travelling with a one-legged railroad car rider known as “Bob,” who has since been
    identified as Bobby Ray Taylor. In April of 1998, the drifter named Bobby
    Ray Taylor was located. He denied ever being with Wendy and it was
    determined that he was not involved in the case. In July of 2000, Angel Resendiz, also known
    as “The Railroad Killer”, confessed to killing Wendy and Jesse. He claimed he met Wendy and Jessie on March
    21, 1997, in a large railway yard in Baldwin, Fla., where hobos and the homeless are known
    to live. Sometime that night, they got on a grain car
    heading south. Wendy and Jessie began asking Resendiz where
    they could get jobs without having identification. He told them he was going to work the orange
    fields and told them he could show them where they are. By March 23, they had traveled about 85 miles
    when the train stopped just short of Ocala. Resendiz got off, and Howell followed him. Resendiz then took a rubber hose lined with
    heavy metal that is used to connect rail cars and hit Howell over the head, killing him
    with one or two blows. Resendiz said he got back on the train alone,
    and he and Wendy went on. Wendy didn’t knew what happened to Jessie
    at this point. Resendiz told investigators he and wendy got
    off the train in Oxford, where he tied her up, then choked her to death with his arms
    about 35 feet from the tracks. He said he covered her body with a military
    jacket he was wearing and a blanket. Resendiz led police to Wendy’s remains, which
    were found fifteen miles from the spot where Jesse was found. DNA and jewelry found on the remains confirmed
    her identity. Resendiz confessed to at least nine other
    murders. Police believe he was responsible for at least
    fifteen murders dating back to 1986. He was executed in June of 2006. 3. Pamela Jackson And Cheryl Miller
    ON the evening of May 29, 1971, 17 year-old Cheryl Miller and 17 year-old Pamella Jackson
    were on their way to a high school party in Vermilion, South Dakota, driving in a beige
    1960 Studebaker Lark. The car was Cheryl’s grandfather’s. The girls stopped at the local church and
    talked to some boys after visiting Cheryl’s grandmother in the hospital earlier that day. The boys were going to the same party Cheryl
    and Pamella were. They agreed to follow the boys to the party
    in their own car. However, the boys missed a turn and accidentally
    drove past the party. When they turned around they no longer saw
    the Studebaker’s headlights. They figured the girls had simply lost the
    nerve to attend the party. The celebration went on, but the girls and
    the Studebaker would not be seen again, until 2013. In the following weeks, volunteers and law-enforcement
    officers searched the gravel pit, surrounding roads and even the nearby Missouri River. But their efforts yielded nothing. The mystery persisted, year after year, for
    more than four decades. Authorities had their theories about the girls’
    disappearance. At first, they believed the girls to be runaways
    because of their ages. Other thought they runaway to a hippie commune
    in California. Soon, A man named, David Lykken, already serving
    a prison sentence on unrelated charges was indicted for murder in the deaths of Miller
    and Jackson in 2007. However, the charges were dropped after it
    was found out an inmate faked his confession about Lykken’s involvement in the case. Then, on September 23, 2013, a fisherman who
    was fishing by South Dakota’s Brule Creek noticed two wheels sticking out from the creek’s
    embankment. Investigators recovered the car from the embankment,
    which was caked with mud. The location of the creek is in an area that
    is rarely traveled. It is 30 miles east of Vermillion, almost
    right on the Iowa border. Record flooding followed by a drought is what
    brought the upside-down car into view. Days later, it was reported that their were
    two sets of skeletal remains found inside the car. The remains were later confirmed to be those
    of Miller and Jackson. According to officials, the victims’ vehicle
    was stuck in a third gear, the lights were on, and their skeletal remains were in the
    cabin. One of the tires on the car was damaged. The car keys were found in the ignition. Investigators also recovered Miller’s purse,
    which contained her driver’s license, photos and notes from her classmates. Those factors pointed to an accident and the
    case was finally closed after 43 years. 4. Lucy Johnson
    In 1965 Lucy Ann Johnson, mother to a son, David, and a daughter, Linda, vanished. Her husband Marvin Johnson reported her missing
    from their home in Surrey, British Columbia, near Vancouver, Canada, in 1965, but upon
    further investigation police were alarmed to find that, after talking to various neighbors,
    it seemed Lucy had not been seen since September of 1961. Based on witnesses reporting that Marvin had
    been digging a septic field in the yard a few months prior, the Surrey Royal Canadian
    Mounter police dug up the yard of the home which was located near 103rd Avenue and 145th
    A Street in North Surrey, but found nothing. Lucy Ann Carvell, born in 1935 in Alaska met
    her first husband Marvin Johnson and married in Blaine, Washington, later moving to Surrey. After reading a profile of her mother, considered
    British Columbia’s oldest missing persons case, Linda evans, decided to take matters
    into her own hands. Knowing that had her mother been alive she
    would have been in her late 70s, Linda Evans committed herself to uncovering the truth
    of her mother’s disappearance before she herself got too old. Linda’s father remarried after her mother’s
    disappearance and later passed away in the late 1990s, and Linda’s brother David died
    as a teenager, so Linda knew she was the last chance at finding out the truth. Utilizing the bare bones facts she knew, (Linda
    was only seven or eight years old when her mother disappeared) Linda set out on her own
    investigation. She posted an advertisement in a local newspaper,
    the Yukon News near her mother’s birthplace giving her mothers name, birthdate, birthplace
    and physical description (5’5, olive complexion, dark hair) as well as her grandparents names. Linda hoped to make contact with somebody,
    anybody, who might know her mother’s fate. In 2013, Shortly after posting the ad she
    received a call from a woman from Yukon, in the Northwesten Territory of Canada, next
    to Alaska, who believed that Linda’s mother might be her mother as well. Linda was shocked to find that her mother
    was not only alive but that she had a new family, With three sons and one daughter. Weeks later, Linda flew that 1,200 miles from
    Vancouver to the Yukon Territory where her mother now resides. When asked why she vanished, Johnson claimed
    that her husband Marvin, Linda’s father, deceased in the late 90s, was abusive and
    unfaithful and unscrupulously banned her from the house without informing the children. Linda is not sure if she believes the story
    as it seems highly unlikely that a mother would leave her children so voluntarily. Linda was skeptical at first but she ended
    up believing her mother. Linda, now in her late fifties, is considering
    moving to the Yukon Territory to Live near her mother and make the most of their years
    left together.

    Top 10 WORST Jobs in the World!!
    Articles, Blog

    Top 10 WORST Jobs in the World!!

    August 13, 2019

    From pushing people around to diving in sewage…stay
    tuned to number 1 to find out the worst jobs in the world! Number 10: Pusher. Their job is to push, and push they do! To kick of our list, let’s start with one
    of the weirdest yet necessary jobs on the planet. Although the official terms for this job is
    “railway station attendant,” nobody calls them like that…probably not even their own
    managers. To everyone, they’re simply…pushers. Okay, so what are they? Well, just imagine for a second the subway
    crowd, trying to squeeze into the next train, like wild beasts. Can you see it? Great! Now, what does a pusher do? He simply pushes passengers onto a train,
    enabling the door to close up and the train to move on. That’s the whole job, but it’s absolutely
    necessary. Humans are a funny kind: if we see that a
    subway door cannot close, very few of us would give up and actually step off the train. Plus, the crowds in major cities are so huge
    that it’s absolutely impossible to rely on passengers’ logic and empathy during the boarding
    process. Enter the pusher. Without them, subway trains would probably
    never leave, with dozens of passengers stuck in the doors. I really admire your job, but…you act kind
    of “pushy,” don’t you think? Number 9: Bering Sea Fisherman. Before we move on, take a moment to like this
    video. While you’re there, click the subscribe button
    for more videos from Zero2Hero. Don’t forget to click the little notification
    button, too! Do you remember the George Clooney movie “The
    Perfect Storm?” It’s about a group of fishermen who end up
    facing a monster of a storm and…well, let’s not spoil it for you if you haven’t seen it. Although it’s probably a bit exaggerated for
    poetic license, the truth is…life of a fisherman is really that hard. I mean, like…super hard. Especially in the Bering Sea. First of all, the weather is just terrible. Forget the romantic idea of a fisherman under
    the sun, with the breeze for a friend and sing-alongs to pass the time. No, this is real hard work, under the worst
    of climate conditions. Boats continuously get hit by huge waves,
    the air is water-soaked and the wind blows wild. Sure, the pay can be really good, but in order
    to qualify, you need great physical strength and a mind strong enough to endure the elements. This one easily fits into the category: not
    for the faint of heart. I’d definitely skip this one! Number 8: Manure Inspector. Okay, here’s another funny one. Although you won’t believe many of the jobs
    on our list, they actually all exist…including manure inspector. The job is fairly simple to do and to explain,
    but that doesn’t make it less…well, gross. The job of a manure inspector is to…inspect
    manure…duh! In order to be properly used as a fertilizer,
    manure has to be of good quality. But there’s nothing to it, you’d say, it’s
    just manure. Well, it turns out that it’s not that simple
    after all. There are strict guidelines as to what kind
    of manure can be used, since it should also be “clean,” in its own, special way. Therefore, a manure inspector has to collect
    specimens from animals and conduct all sorts of tests to make sure it’s up to par. This involves searching stool for blood, bacteria,
    and the like. It might be well paid well, but…it’s not
    the nicest of jobs. Number 7: Road Animal Collector. Now, here’s a job that’s definitely not for
    everyone. So many of us absolutely adore animals, either
    as pets or at the zoo, and we cannot bear the sight of a sick or feeble-looking animal,
    let alone one that’s splattered on the road. But unfortunately, road animals happen every
    single day. Most of them don’t happen on purpose…it’s
    simply just too hard to hit the brakes on time and avoid the worst. Many drivers get scared and panic and, instead
    of trying to avoid the hit, they accelerate and run over some poor, innocent animal. And when that happens, somebody’s got to clean
    all the mess, and that’s…the road animal collector. The job of a road animal collector is to basically
    locate the road animal, remove it from the site and dispose of it later on. Road animal collectors see all kinds of animals
    during their tenure, not just dogs and cats, as you would imagine; there are bears, wolves,
    moose, elk, kangaroo…all sorts of animals. But if you’re an animal lover, look at it
    this way: at least you don’t have to do it. Number 6: HAZMAT Diver. Yes, it sounds awesome, no doubt about it. It sounds like a superhero. What do you do, man? I’m a HAZMAT diver.’s definitely not that awesome. The name HAZMAT is a coined term coming from
    “hazardous materials,” and the job of a HAZMAT diver is to safely remove hazardous materials
    of all types, which unfortunately makes this one of the most awful, most dirty, most disgusting
    jobs around. Every day, a lot of material waste goes into
    the planet’s waters, and the environment is heavily polluted. Think of poisonous chemicals, oil spillages,
    defunct sewage pipes, and so on. You probably get the idea: it’s extremely
    filthy, and moreover…it’s a grave health risk. HAZMAT divers don their special rubber suits
    and go to work. Their tools, among other things, include special
    underwater vacuum cleaners, air lifts for hoisting leaking barrels, and the like. Their suits and equipment are top-notch, but
    one small hole pierced in their suit can make room for all kinds of toxins and bacteria. No doubt about it…this is one dangerously
    awful…and awfully dangerous job. How was work, honey? Oh, fine, I swam a little in some hazardous
    liquids…same old same old. Number 5: Morgue Worker. This job has been around ever since the dawn
    of man and…it’s probably going to stick around well into the future. At least until they discover a way to create
    immortality. Although most of us couldn’t bear the sight
    of a deceased person, there are people who are in daily contact with bodies…and
    they do it for a living! It’s a tough gig, but, as they say, somebody’s
    got to do it. Morgue workers are in charge of handling and
    cleaning the corpses. These people help during autopsies, preparing bodies for the procedure…which sometimes includes organ disposal…and handle all the
    work on the body once an autopsy is finished. There is a strict training program for all
    morgue workers and, in addition to this…the job requires a lot of physical and mental
    strength, and a high level of stress tolerance because, come on, you’re practically looking
    death in the eye. No thank you, I think I’ll rather sell hot
    dogs in the park. Number 4: Sewer Swimmer. Okay, this is not the official job title,
    but I’m sure they’re known by that nickname. The technical terms is sewer cleaner, but
    in order to clean it…well, you’re gonna have to swim in it, pal. This job is present in underdeveloped and
    developing countries of the world, such as India. Remember, we’re talking about countries with
    massive populations, and one of the greatest challenges there is maintaining optimal levels
    of hygiene. That’s where the sewer swimmers step in. In order to clear up clogged sewer pipes,
    these guys need to be neck-deep in the worst of waste matter and do their best to clear
    up the mess. And the mess is…plentiful. The tools used are quite primitive: sticks,
    broom handles, an occasional metal scraper and, more often than not, bare hands. The pay is minimal, the health risk is enormous
    and the prospects are not good. All in all, one of the worst jobs this side
    of the solar system. Feel free to pass. Number 3: Renderer. I know what you’re thinking, but this has
    nothing to do with computers. It’s not that kind of rendering. This is actually pretty gross. This rendering involves converting animal
    tissue into usable materials. The workplace: your local slaughterhouse. The stench: unbearable. The atmosphere: miserable. Rendering can be done both for edible and
    industrial products, but both processes are quite disgusting. And very, very dirty. Imagine piles of lifeless animal bodies lying
    around, ready to be cut to pieces. After the cutting up routine, the meat is
    taken to fine shredding, after which comes the best part: cooking the meat in order to
    melt the bones and make a hot soup out of it. Now, the next step varies, depending on the
    end need, but that’s the basics. Pretty gross, don’t you think? Well, imagine doing it for a living. One must have quite a stomach for it. If I’d had to spend a day doing this, I’d
    probably go vegan on the spot. Number 2: Miner. The last two of our entries are pretty common,
    but in no way does it mean that they don’t deserve to be here…on the contrary. Maybe they’re not so gross, but they are definitely
    the worst jobs on the planet. Miners, or, more specifically, coal miner,
    but we’ll stick to plain miner, because we feel it should include all kinds of mining,
    given the job requirements. Mining is not the worst just in terms of the
    location, but also the actual physicality required for it. In order to be a miner, you really have to
    work hard, physically, and be able to take in long hours and terrible working conditions. And on top of everything, there’s the danger
    part: mining is an extremely dangerous job, so dangerous that some countries don’t even
    offer any kind of insurance in case of injury. A miner is almost always in the cold, dark
    and damp, spending hours on end lying down or squatting in unbearable, desperate situations. And the fatality rate is almost six times
    higher than for other jobs. A miner is literally risking his life and
    breaking his back. Depending on the country, the pay can be really
    good, all in all…mining is reserved for those who are up for the challenge. Number 1: Soldier. In order to understand why soldier is number
    one on our list, try to think outside the Hollywood box for a moment. sure, a soldier can be an honorable job, but
    that’s beside the point. The fact of the matter is that soldiers don’t
    just stand the risk of getting hit on the job…their “job” is, in a way, to get hit. It’s right there in the job description. No one wants to get hit, but come heck
    or high water, soldiers have to go into battle and risk their life. On top of this, there are months and sometimes
    even years of living away from your country, family, and friends…in an unknown land,
    with unfamiliar, people and customs, where nothing feels right. If you want to become a soldier, you need
    to have a lot of stamina, an iron mind, a strong body, and nerves of steel. And you must be prepared to die, since it
    comes with the job. It’s all great when you’re playing first-person
    shooters games, but go talk to a veteran…and you’ll see that the reality is quite different. Being a soldier is rough, tough and often…tragic. It’s definitely the worst job in the world. And let’s all hope for a world where soldiers
    would be redundant. Tell us your thoughts on the worst jobs in
    world in the comments below and…take care!

    The 10 Most Dangerous Jobs In The World
    Articles, Blog

    The 10 Most Dangerous Jobs In The World

    August 12, 2019

    [Music] the 10 most dangerous jobs in the world underwater welder underwater welders face a series of dangers on the job every day including the risk of shock explosion decompression sickness and even wear on their dental fillings about 30 welders die out of 200 welders on the job annually crab fishermen 128 Alaskan crab fishermen died in 2007 alone which is 26 times more dangerous than the average job 80% of fatalities are due to hypothermia or being thrown overboard and drowning crab fishermen also suffer from serious injuries due to heavy machinery and gear loggers the logging industry has some of the highest work-related fatalities in the country with loggers being 30 times more likely to die on the job than most other career fields the majority of logging related deaths comes from equipment errors or trees falling on workers microchip manufacturers computer chips are created with numerous hazardous chemicals including arsenic and while manufacturing chips may not be immediately fatal there are long-term effects to health such as high rates of miscarriages birth defects cancer and respiratory illnesses bush pilots bush pilots have more risks in their career for less pay than average commercial pilots with a rate of 13 point 59 accidents for a hundred thousand flight hours the general aviation accident rate for pilots in Alaska is two times higher than pilots in the rest of the US [Music] bull riders bull riding his search in popularity since the 1990s with promises of big money for an eight-second ride but bull riders can suffer at least one significant injury per every 15 events they partake in including concussions broken bones and fractures which may not be worth of potential cash payout Steel Workers all those safety harnesses have been implemented Steel Workers still risk a fall from great heights the job also includes risk of serious injury from steel beams or walls collapsing on workers in 2005 Steel Workers still had a fatality rate of 56 deaths per 100,000 workers oil riggers most offshore oil riggers work 16-hour shifts often with very little sleep fires and oil rig explosions topped the list for job-related dangers with the rate of 27.1 deaths per hundred thousand offshore workers annually prostitutes prostitutes always run the risk of being arrested for selling sexual favors to John’s but even more dangerous are the threats of STDs rape and even physical assault or death the death rate for prostitutes is 204 deaths for every $100,000 snake milking is a dangerous yet completely necessary job that saves numerous lives per year while there are safety procedures in place each milking procedure has a high risk factor in fact snake milking has a low rate of people who have not been bitten while on the job [Music]


    10 Crazy Railroad Tracks That Will Amaze You

    August 11, 2019

    While we don’t think of them in the same
    way as cars or even commercial airplanes, trains are a staple mode of transportation
    and may be the very definition of the “standard routine” at times, being guided by rails. Yet rail and train construction is often anything
    but standard or routine, and is sometimes hatched from the brains of ultra-creative
    and – at times – desperate engineers. We’ve already told you about bizarre locomotives
    themselves, so in this account we’re going to get into some of the crazier railroads
    from around the world… 10. Hindenburgdamm, Germany Rail and sea travel might seem to be worlds
    apart, but when trains appear to run across the waves on a narrow causeway, the role of
    a ferry may be replaced by the capabilities of a train. The island of Sylt, off the coast of Germany,
    is not accessible by either roads or ferries. Instead, the method of traveling and, most
    significantly, of bringing cars to and from the popular island destination consists of
    what might best be called a sea train. Locomotives pulling railcars stacked with
    personal vehicles travel between Sylt and Schleswig-Holstein on mainland Germany just
    barely above the waves on rails laid upon a precarious-looking causeway called the Hindenburgdamm
    that crosses almost 7 miles of water. The causeway is solid but exceptionally narrow,
    and also has very little height above sea level. The shallow waters in between the mainland
    and the island of Sylt made the creation of this remarkable alternative to the more typical
    means of transporting vehicles to an island by boat possible. Around 100 trains per day travel between the
    island and the mainland, half of those carrying cars and trucks. 9. Rail Transit No. 2, China Chongqing, in China’s Sichuan province,
    is a populated area where spicy food is popular and urban residential, commercial, and transportation
    space is at a great premium. So much so, in fact, that when the planned
    construction of Rail Transit No. 2 Line in Chongqing was set to go forward an apartment
    building was right in the way of the track slated to be built. While such a defined problem might baffle
    some designers and planners, a remarkable planning compromise was reached that balanced
    the competing transportation and residential needs. Lacking an alternative route for the railway
    and not wanting to take the drastic step of demolishing the building, transit planners
    and engineers concocted a successful plan that removed several suites and passed the
    elevated train track right through the apartment building. While not easy, taking the approach of routing
    the railway through the building was still more feasible than trying other paths, given
    the little available space. The apartment still houses most of its original
    inhabitants, who apparently don’t mind a monorail barreling through their place once
    in awhile. Care to maintain the structural integrity
    of the building through the tunnel-like modifications combines with the quiet and efficient railway
    system to make the building livable, and surprisingly without significant noise or disturbance to
    residents. 8. Gisborne Airport Railway Crossing Planes, trains, and… wait, planes and trains
    together? Yes. New Zealand is not the largest nation on Earth,
    and the competition for flat land that can be used for purposes dependent on flat land
    (especially, for example, an airport) is significant in certain areas. In a dramatic example of space sharing in
    transportation infrastructure, a railway intersects with a runway. On New Zealand’s North Island, thePalmerston
    North – Gisborne Railway Line crosses the runway of the Gisborne Airport. Any mistake by a pilot or an engineer could
    potentially cause a plane to crash right into a train crossing the middle of the runway
    at right angles, but not to worry: schedules are carefully coordinated. Still, a locomotive steaming across a runway
    may shock the eyes of the unprepared. The railway is busy throughout the day and
    into the night, according to scheduled train routes. In contrast, the runway is only in operation
    to handle air traffic between 6:30 a.m. and 8:30 p.m. During the day when both are in full use,
    it is a job and of itself to coordinate the arrival and departure of aircraft with the
    seemingly out-of-place trains that cross the runway. Aircraft and trains both stop for each other. 7. Gotthard Tunnel Route Northern and Southern Europe may be geographically
    different and set apart by massive Alpine peaks towering above sloping forests and fields,
    but the remarkable Gotthard Tunnel solves the problem by tunneling directly through
    the mountains, connecting Europe on either side of the imposing Swiss Alps by going right
    under especially difficult sections. The tunnel is the longest railway tunnel in
    the world at 35 miles in length, greatly reducing the need for truck traffic. The tunnel is also not only the longest railway
    tunnel existing on the planet, it is also the deepest under the surface. At its greatest point of depth, the remarkable
    tunnel is 1.42 miles below the mountainous surface above as it carries trains in the
    subterranean desolation. Replacing the traffic of a million trucks
    that have been transporting goods every year, the twin-bored tunnel links the municipality
    of Erstfeld, with its German language name and located towards Switzerland’s north,
    with the south of Switzerland municipality of Bodio, closer to the Italian border and
    with a corresponding Italian name – examples of Switzerland’s linguistic diversity. The tunnel route was opened in a ceremony
    that involved hundreds of passengers getting the opportunity to ride the train in each
    direction. 6. Maeklong Railway Market Playing on train tracks is not recommended,
    but the Maeklong Railway Market in Bangkok, Thailand takes things one step further. You see, not only do people gather around
    the tracks, but an entire marketplace is set up and dismantled daily. When the market is open, stalls are erected
    and goods are sold… right on the tracks upon which trains will soon arrive. Each time trains are scheduled throughout
    the day, items and people are moved hastily off the track, before the trains come through. Paying attention to the time is certainly
    a matter of survival in this particular set up. The scale and complexity of the market in
    its cumulative sum makes its dismantlement seem immensely challenging. But it is the coordinated effort of multiple
    vendors working together that also makes it possible for the entire set up to be moved
    out of the way of oncoming trains when the need arises. Close attention is duly paid to the schedule
    of the train despite the apparent distraction of the busy selling conditions and throngs
    of market visitors. As the tracks are cleared according to train
    schedules, disaster is consistently averted. 5. Katoomba Scenic World Railway Australia may be thought of as a land of flat
    terrain and desert, but it is worth remembering that while that impression may be true across
    much of the Australian landscape, there is topographical variation. The Blue Mountains of New South Wales are
    not only noteworthy natural features but also home to an incredible railway system that
    forms a tourist attraction. Remarkable as the world’s steepest funicular
    railway and the steepest passenger-carrying rail system worldwide, the Katoomba Scenic
    World Railway was originally built in the late 1800s and has a rich history, given its
    construction to aid in transportation aspects of mining operations. Funicular indicates that the railway operates
    with the assistance of cable traction, pulling cars up the steep inclines that would otherwise
    pose an insurmountable challenge to rail travel. With tracks positioned at 52 degrees, which
    is a 128% incline, the incredibly steep railway now sees modern vehicles operating as an attraction
    for daring rail travelers. The railway offers spectacular views of mountain,
    forest, and cliff formations as it traverses difficult terrain. In one particularly hair-raising section,
    the railway drops 1,017 feet as it travels through a tunnel in the side of a mountain
    cliff. 4. Tren-a-las Nubes, Argentina The Andes are known as exceptional geographical
    formations that offer some of the most ambitious mountaineering routes on the planet. Translating to “Train to the Clouds,”
    Tren-a-las Nubes in Argentina rises just over 13,779 feet above sea level. Passing through numerous spectacular landscape
    types and climate zones, the train traverses arid lowlands, rocky precipices, and high
    elevation landscapes where the air is thin enough to potentially create challenges for
    those not accustomed to the height. And speaking of that height: onboard oxygen
    is available in case of medical symptoms due to the exceptional height reached on the journey. Construction of the incredible railway route
    began in the year 1921 under a plan to connect Northern Argentina to Chilean lands by reaching
    across the Andes. As the tracks cover variations between peaks
    and immense valleys, the differences are leveled out by carefully constructed trestles equipped
    with an incredible array of beams, abruptly transitioning into railway track, skirting
    slope edges with sufficient clearance made in the rocks. Typical track may seem to be the exception
    rather than the norm in such parts of the route. While the train to the clouds reaches astonishing
    heights, the name actually refers to clouds of steam from the locomotive hovering in the
    cold air rather than any natural clouds that may be encountered on the route. 3. Qinghai-Tibet Railway The highest railway in the world, the Qinghai-Tibet
    Railway reaches the exceptional height of a little more than 16,640 feet at its highest
    point, while its average height is still exceptional at nearly 14,764 feet. The railway passes through the world’s highest
    elevated railway tunnel, with sections of the track experiencing severe freezing conditions. The route contains a number of record-holding
    elements in the track layout, including the most lengthy plateau tunnel on the planet
    at Kunlun Mountain, extending 5,531 feet, while the Fenghuoshan Tunnel is at the top
    of world records for the tunnel that is at the highest elevation, being built at 16,092.52
    feet. The railway is recognized as a Chinese engineering
    feat of great significance, standing out with many ingenious and challenging engineering
    solutions given the vast distances involved in the route, remote locations, and the need
    to build sections of the track on frozen soil that never thaws. The thinness of the air at the higher elevation
    along the route has presented challenges not only to passengers, but significantly affected
    construction workers to the point where oxygen facilities were set up. Passengers fill out a health declaration and
    are also supplied with personal oxygen masks, while train windows filter excess UV rays. 2. Mauritania Railway, Sahara Desert Yes, there is a train running through shifting
    sands and shimmering heat. At 437 miles in length, the Mauritania Railway
    braves the blistering isolation of the Sahara. The seemingly endless trains running from
    desert to coast along this route, the national railway of the sizable, Sahara desert-dominated
    African country of Mauritania, are the longest freight trains in the world at 1.5 miles in
    length. The route is used to transport iron ore vast
    distances across the desert to port locations, where it is shipped. Given that the nation is almost entirely stark
    and desolate desert, iron ore export plays a crucial role in the economic survival of
    the country. While the trains are mostly intended to carry
    freight, passengers can hitch a ride on the trains, either opting to ride for free in
    the hoppers or to pay a small fee to travel on available benches. But if the train were to break down in the
    extreme heat of the Sahara, the results could be disastrous for travelers. The risks of the adventure on the desert tracks
    include extreme sandstorms brought about by the harsh desert winds and easily disturbed
    fine sands that characterize the desert landscape. 1. Dawlish Railway Station, Exeter to Plymouth
    Line Trains on the beach, a seawall station, and
    sea cliff tunnels. That’s a lot to combine together in a railway
    route, and sometimes, the cause of an awful lot of trouble due to collapsing tracks. An example of particularly notable and extreme
    railway line construction that has left much to be desired, the Dawlish Railway Station
    in southern England and the railway tracks to and from the areas close to the station
    have at times been fraught with problems. The challenges have included the collapse
    of a track section after being partially washed away by the waves caused by extreme weather. The spectacular appearance of the beachside
    station and nearby tracks stands out, seemingly being out of place due to the station being
    right on the seawall, allowing salt spray to easily wash over the tracks. The sight of trains in a viewscape where one
    might expect beached or moored ships adds great interest and creates fantastic photography
    opportunities. Adding to the drama of the exceptionally challenging
    rail route, the track travels through tunnels bored into challenging sea cliffs just to
    the south of the station, creating a contrast between track running through the closed seaside
    tunnels, and track laid along open seawalls.

    10 Great Biopics About Not So Great People
    Articles, Blog

    10 Great Biopics About Not So Great People

    August 11, 2019

    Conflict. An essential ingredient for any drama to succeed. A good cast, nuanced script, and capable director
    also helps. And while a likable character often serves
    as a reliable vehicle to drive the plot, a great movie can still excel with a wide range
    of character flaws. Several classic films have benefitted from
    fictional anti-hero characters, such as Travis Bickle in Taxi Driver, or The Man With No
    Name in early Clint Eastwood spaghetti westerns, and Michael Corleone in The Godfather trilogy. Similarly, Hollywood has churned out a stockpile
    of biopics (biographical pictures) despite shining a spotlight on individuals who weren’t
    all Ghandi-esque. As always with this kind of arbitrary list,
    art forms like cinema are highly subjective. After all, one man’s Strangers On A Train
    is another’s Snakes On A Plane. Comments are welcome and disagreements expected. 10. The Social Network This 2009 David Fincher (Se7en, Fight Club)
    film examines the fascinating genesis of Facebook and its boy wonder, Mark Zuckerberg (Jesse
    Eisenberg), who morphs from a lonely Harvard student into the CEO of the world’s largest
    social media network. But as the movie’s tagline suggests, “You
    don’t have 500,000,000 friends without making some enemies.” Indeed. The story of Zuckerberg’s mercurial rise
    is both impressive and eerily prescient, as he steals, connives and screws over friends
    while building his behemoth creature. Paging, Dr. Zuckenstein? Fortunately, the well-crafted drama is also
    wildly entertaining, featuring a score by Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross and highlighted
    by the visually stunning “Regatta Scene” that plays right into Fincher’s wheelhouse. Flash forward to 2019 and Facebook is all
    grown up with an expanded platform that now includes election meddling, online bullying,
    endless hate speech and private data for sale to the highest bidder. And with over 2 billion monthly active users
    and facing and never-ending litigation, it’s probably going to take a helluva lot more
    than cute cat videos to fix this glitch. 9. Steve Jobs First of all, let’s be clear which flick
    is being presented about the enigmatic founder of Apple Computers. Steve Jobs (2015) featured Michael Fasbender
    (Shame, Hunger) in the title role, a script by Aaron Sorkin and the vision of Academy
    Award-winning director Danny Boyle. Jobs (2013) had Ashton Kutcher in it. Since passing away from cancer in 2011, the
    actual Steve Jobs left behind an amazing legacy. But like many mad genius types, his demons
    often made him difficult to be around — in spite of revolutionizing an industry with
    amazing products, including the MacBook Air creating this list. In Steve Jobs, Fasbender exudes his usual
    commanding on-screen presence to capture the intensity of the tech titan, wrestling with
    one stupendous crisis after another — both personal and professional. Boyle’s direction makes for an interesting
    and unconventional approach that grabs the viewer and never lets go. The talents of Jeff Daniels, Seth Rogan, and
    Kate Winslet all provide balanced weight in supporting roles. 8. Spirit of St. Louis This film chronicles the historic first transatlantic
    solo flight by aviation pioneer, Charles “Lucky Lindy” Lindbergh. Directed by Billy Wilder (Sunset Blvd, Some
    Like It Hot) in 1957, the title takes its name from Lindbergh’s single-engine plane
    and stars Jimmy Stewart, who lends his trademark boyish persona as the heroic young pilot (despite
    being nearly 50 at the time). In the Spring of 1927, Lindbergh’s daring
    flight transfixed a nation and made him a household name. His luster, however, would soon become heavily
    tarnished with a series of scandals. Lindbergh repeatedly used his elevated platform
    to advocate extreme nationalist views, including an open letter that ran in Reader’s Digest
    and underscored his blatantly racist and anti-Semitic views: “We can have peace and security only so
    long as we band together to preserve that most priceless possession, our inheritance
    of European blood, only so long as we guard ourselves against attack by foreign armies
    and dilution by foreign races.” Although he served as a pilot and instructor
    in the Pacific during WWII, Lindbergh’s popularity never recovered. Additionally, the married family man would
    be embroiled in another embarrassment involving an affair with a German woman and fathering
    two of her children. 7. They Died With Their Boots On Swashbuckling screen legend Errol Flynn (Robin
    Hood, Captain Blood) stars as US Calvary officer George Armstrong Custer in a highly fictionalized
    (and white-washed) account of the Battle of Little Big Horn. Olivia de Havilland (as Mrs. Custer) joins
    Flynn in their eighth and final pairing together, creating the always palpable chemistry between
    them. Unfortunately, historical accuracy takes a
    back seat as Custer is seen as a noble and brave soldier, and champion of Native American
    independence. Horsefeathers. Helmed by Hollywood veteran Raoul Walsh, the
    movie features a series of realistic battle scenes, thrilling stunts by the incomparable
    Yakima Canutt, and even flashes of comic relief as Custer stumbles his way through West Point
    (where he finished last in his class). But the soldier’s name would be forever
    remembered for his actions with the fabled 7th Cavalry Regiment and a fatal encounter
    with warriors of the Lakota Sioux Nation led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. Ultimately, Custer’s arrogance and poorly
    conceived strategy resulted in one of the worst defeats in US military history. Furthermore, it’s worth noting the flamboyant
    Custer made himself an easy target. Literally. Forgoing his standard military uniform, he
    instead preferred wearing a fringed buckskin jacket replete with a red scarf, gold lace,
    and a wide-brimmed sombrero that even Liberace would’ve found over the top. 6. Sid and Nancy This biopic depicts the incendiary romance
    between punk rock icon Sid Vicious and his girlfriend Nancy Spungeon. The 1986 film manages to create both pity
    and empathy in an unflinching, intimate portrait of two troubled souls in the grips of heroin
    addiction. Spoiler Alert: it doesn’t end well. Gary Oldman (Darkest Hour, Immortal Beloved)
    delivers a masterful performance as the former Sex Pistols bassist and is well matched by
    Chloe Webb playing his groupie/junkie love interest. Additionally, the production benefits from
    a terrific soundtrack composed by The Pogues and Joe Strummer of The Clash. The film begins at the Hotel Chelsea in New
    York City, where the couple had been living and fighting in squalor. Through flashbacks, we see the development
    of their destructive, co-dependent relationship; Nancy is later found dead from a stab wound
    with a knife belonging to Sid, who in a hazy stupor doesn’t remember what happened. The movie ends with the two lovebirds driving
    off in a taxi cab as part of a pre-arranged suicide pact — although, in real life, Sid
    was arrested and charged with murder, and while awaiting trial died of a heroin overdose
    the day after being released from jail on an unrelated charge. Oldman had initially turned down the role,
    showing little interest in either Sid Vicious or punk rock music in general. But after signing on, the London-born actor
    immersed himself in the character, losing weight to create a convincingly cadaverous-looking
    drug addict. The movie also foreshadowed another deadly,
    drug-fueled romance — but this one involving Courtney Love, who originally auditioned for
    the role of Nancy before settling on the smaller role of Gretchen. 5. Ray In a tour de force turn that won him an Oscar
    for Best Actor, Jamie Foxx (Booty Call, Django Unchained) transforms into blind R&B icon
    Ray Charles. Although overly sentimental at times, the
    film covers both the highs and lows in the singer’s tumultuous life and groundbreaking
    career that produced 13 number one hits, a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, a star
    on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and enshrinement into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He also first began shooting heroin in his
    teens, and later fathered 12 children by 10 different women. Remarkably, Foxx doesn’t just mimic the
    legendary entertainer — he embodies him warts and all — and even does all the piano
    playing himself while perfectly lip-synching the vocals. Adding to the realism, Foxx wore custom prosthetics
    throughout the production, limiting his ability to see. The talented cast includes Kerry Washington
    as the singer’s second wife — and an outstanding Sharon Warren as his mother. Directed by Taylor Hackford (An Officer And
    A Gentleman, Against All Odds), the 2004 film enjoyed both critical and box office success
    and earned an Academy Award Best Picture nomination. Hackford actually had acquired the rights
    to the story in 1987, but could never get studio backing — a fact that speaks volumes
    to the lack of diversity that continues to plague Hollywood. 4. Rudy From director David Anspaugh and writer Angelo
    Pizzo (the talented duo behind Hoosiers), Rudy stars Sean Astin in the title role about
    an ordinary kid with extraordinary dreams. What isn’t shown is how the real Rudy parlayed
    his notoriety into a “pump and dump” penny stocks scheme that’s neither inspirational
    nor a Hollywood ending. Released in 1993, Rudy is based on the real-life
    story of Rudy Ruettinger, an undersized athlete from the wrong side of the railroad tracks,
    who, through hard work and termination plays football for Notre Dame. Well, kinda sorta, anyway. Like most paint-by-number, against-all-odds
    sports movies, a healthy dollop of embellishment is added for the sake of a more compelling
    narrative and emotional investment in the characters. More on “investment” later. In reality, Ruettinger had been a standout
    high school player in his hometown of Joliet, Illinois before spending four years toughening
    up in the US Navy. Nevertheless, Rudy still works on many levels
    in spite of its formulaic plotting and half-truths. Astin is superb in the lead — and Charles
    Dutton is nothing short of brilliant in the fabricated role as a Yoda-like mentor/groundskeeper. Additionally, the climactic scene in which
    several players turn in their jerseys in protest to Notre Dame head coach Dan Devine never
    happened. In fact, according to Devine, he routinely
    encouraged Ruettinger and was responsible for giving the walk-on playing time in the
    final game of the season. But the biggest let down is what occurred
    after the cameras stopped rolling. As a popular (and well-paid) motivational
    speaker, Ruettinger hoped to get rich by lending his name to a Gatorade knock-off sports drink
    and installed himself as CEO of Rudy Beverage. He then created a reverse mortgage and entered
    the stock market in which he scammed investors to the tune of 11 million dollars — all
    for a company that had about as much of a chance at succeeding as Donald Trump becoming
    President. Nevermind. Eventually, the SEC ruled that Ruettinger
    had committed several securities violations relating to fraud, and ordered him to pay
    $382,866 in fines. So now, sports fans, if you listen closely,
    the crowd isn’t chanting “Ruuuuudy,” they’re yelling “booooooo.” 3. The Aviator Leonardo DiCaprio (The Departed, What’s
    Eating Gilbert Grape) attempts to fill the shoes of the enigmatic, larger-than-life multi-hyphenate,
    Howard Hughes, in this 2004 Martin Scorsese (Goodfellas, Casino) picture. As expected, we see Hughes dealing with various
    unflattering phobias, and bedding more starlets than Mattress Warehouse, but the reality of
    Hughes being a crappy pilot, deranged junkie, and spoiled rich brat go largely ignored. True to the movie’s title, Scorsese spends
    the first hour re-creating the making of Hughes’s WWI flyboy epic, Hells Angels. That film, which began in the silent era but
    ended up a “talkie,” would pioneer several innovative camera techniques and feature some
    of the most thrilling aerial combat scenes in cinematic history and resulted in four
    stuntmen being killed. Hughes also introduced a 19-year-old platinum
    bombshell to the world named Jean Harlow. Scorsese, however, is guilty of perpetuating
    several myths, including the falsehoods that Hughes assembled the world’s largest airforce
    for Hells Angels (he didn’t) and the young mogul was a talented aviator (he wasn’t)
    despite crashing several planes and nearly killing himself in the process. To be fair, Hughes did excel at hype and staged
    some of the most spectacular Hollywood premieres ever witnessed. But the most egregious whopper surrounding
    the enigmatic figure is that he was a self-made man. Poppycock. Hughes hit the gene lottery at birth as the
    son of a wealthy Houston businessman, Howard Hughes Sr., who made his fortune developing
    a drilling bit used in the early days of the Texas oil boom. And when the old man died in 1924, Junior
    became a millionaire at the tender age of 19. Thanks, Dad. Hughes then added to his substantial fortune
    by marrying Ella Rice, the daughter of the founder of Rice University. Not surprisingly, the marriage went bust shortly
    after the power couple landed in Southern California, where the notoriously promiscuous
    Hughes quickly started banging everything under the sun (and allegedly involved not
    only Tinseltown’s top leading ladies but handsome hunks as well). 2. Patton George C. Scott (Dr. Strangelove, The Hustler)
    took home the Oscar (actually, he refused it) for his frighteningly realistic portrayal
    of George S. Patton. Although Patton’s tactical brilliance and
    innovations in tank warfare helped win WWII, he wasn’t called “Ol’ Blood n Guts”
    for nothing. Patton won a total of seven Academy Awards,
    including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Original Screenplay (co-written by Francis
    Ford Coppola). The movie famously opens with Scott delivering
    a monologue with a gigantic American flag as a backdrop that became the most iconic
    image of the film. Although the message of American strength
    and superiority is meant to be aspirational, there’s just something fundamentally wrong
    with a man who views war the same way Oprah looks at an all-you-can-eat buffet. Hailing from a military family*, Patton lived,
    breathed and relished the life of a professional soldier — a purpose that began shortly after
    graduating from West Point. He first earned distinction as an aide de
    camp to General John “Blackjack” Pershing in WWI and steadily rose to the rank of General
    in WWII, building a vaunted reputation for his relentless drive and battle-hardened instincts
    during Allied ground operations in North Africa and Europe. (*Robert Duval’s unhinged character in Apocalypse
    Now, the war-loving “Colonel Kilgore,” was purportedly based on Col. George S. Patton
    IV.) One of the most memorable moments of the film
    (and based on actual event) is the scene where Patton slaps a soldier suffering from shell
    shock (now known as PTSD). The incident led to Patton being relieved
    of his command and forced to apologize. As a result, the general missed out on all
    the fun of D-Day but soon returned to the battlefield in charge of the 3rd Army, cutting
    his way through France like a guillotine through warm Brie — and forever solidifying his
    legacy. 1. Raging Bull Scorsese is back again, topping the list with
    his magnum opus about the rough and tumble life of boxer, Robert De Niro — err, Jake
    LaMotta — wait, who’s who again? Shot in glorious black and white that perfectly
    captures the dark, shadowy storyline and earned De Niro a well-deserved Academy Award for
    Best Actor. Ask any boxing fan about “The Bronx Bull”
    LaMotta and most will agree the brawler was a tough S.O.B. When he wasn’t fighting in the ring, he
    spent his time terrorizing others — usually family members — in a maniacal, self-destructive
    rage. As LaMotta, De Niro seamlessly transitions
    from a chubby nightclub entertainer into the World Middleweight Champion, losing 60 pounds
    in the process. Throughout the production, LaMotta trained
    De Niro extensively, getting him into tip-top shape while serving as the film’s technical
    adviser for the brutal, blood-soaked fight scenes. Joe Pesci and Cathy Moriarity are spectacular
    in support, playing the champ’s battered brother and wife — and Nicholas Colasanto,
    best known as “Coach” on the first three seasons of the TV show Cheers, is equally
    stout as the local mob boss. Despite being a quintessential New Yorker,
    Scorsese had never been much of a sports fan and knew nothing about LaMotta’s life story
    until De Niro brought it to his attention. The director remained reluctant to take on
    a subject in which he knew so little or scarcely cared about; eventually, he saw a parallel
    between the fighter’s attempt at redemption and overcoming his own struggles with cocaine
    addiction, and took on the project with a heightened sense of commitment and gusto. The end result is a film which ranks as not
    only one of the greatest sports movies ever made — but possibly Marty’s finest work. Ever. So for those who’ve never seen it, watch
    it immediately. And those who have, watch it again and marvel
    at the exquisite craftsmanship of a director and actor at the top their game. Fuhgettaboutit.