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    Precautions taken in Danville neighborhood as railroad crossing work begins
    Articles, Blog

    Precautions taken in Danville neighborhood as railroad crossing work begins

    August 9, 2019


    Exposed Railroad Crossing
    Articles, Blog

    Exposed Railroad Crossing

    August 9, 2019

    Hello ladies and gentlemen so we
    continue our tour today of CSX downtown Miami spur, RailROL82 here with you today and here we have a First of all, it’s going to be track view west toward hialeah & here we have a safe tran signal base safe tran gate mechanism safe Tran lights all around aluminum crossing
    gate Rico lights safe Tran bracket & e bell up top which is funny because we
    have a mechanical bell on that side but I’ll get to that right now so yeah so
    here you have track view west as I said you see them doing I
    think that I hope they’re doing construction on the track okay and then
    here it’s track view east towards downtown Miami oh look at this this one is exposed the case right there and then WC Hayes Gate mechanism emergency contact info two different visors the one on the left
    is my favorite WC Hayes lights Rico lights on the crossing gate and a WC
    Hayes mechanical Bell up top so let’s look again at these exposed on
    wires over here okay I would assume that at one point well
    actually we yeah that would be the really case for this one right over there because the one for the other crossing
    is on your side of that one so yeah I would assume that at one point there was
    probably another spur over here somewhere this it looks like there’s too
    much of a gap there alright you guys thank you for viewing please subscribe
    or like take care over and out

    Freeman’s Mind 2: Episode 10
    Articles, Blog

    Freeman’s Mind 2: Episode 10

    August 9, 2019

    Y’know, being a boat owner isn’t all it’s cracked up to be. I didn’t even pay for this,
    and I’m already having buyer’s remorse. Well, the engine’s still running. Yeah, easy. Yeah, and I don’t even have to deal with licence
    registration, docking fees, and it already— It feels like a burden. Ah, shouldn’t overthink it. I’ll run out of gas at some point,
    then the problem will solve itself. Dammit, how did they not know the river was dried up? When the whole plan hinges upon the river,
    how do you miss that? Wait, what am I doing? I don’t— I guess I’m on foot. If I go back, it’s just that dead woman. CIA bailed on me… I guess I could try those apartments in the distance. But I haven’t seen anyone.
    They’re not going to have any food. Just more bleach. I could try following supply guy,
    might lead me to the nearest town… But he had that bot following him. They’ve probably already sent troops there and are
    rounding up people to be shot looking for him. This is really frustrating, because
    I’m still in the dark on so many things! So all I can do is try to guess
    which person is least likely to get me killed. If the person dies, that doesn’t help.
    That just means they’re wrong. There have been a lot of wrong guesses today. All roads lead to incompetence. Yeah, here’s the problem, it’s this giant gap. If that was filled in, I could almost make it…? Y’know, just enough to get the front end on the ledge,
    so I can flip the boat backwards with me in it. I feel like I’m just not gonna have closure on this,
    unless I total the boat. I just need to extend the ramp. Oh hey, besides cash and a map,
    how about a multi-tool? They couldn’t have given me that? Oh, well there’s a big log there, but I can’t secure that. Yeah, a multi-tool is what? Ten bucks for a cheap one? Though really, I deserve an expensive one. Oh, there’s some boards. Yeah, those were tough. Now I’m feeling a little shortsighted about
    smashing them into pieces. It’s almost as if you have more options
    when you don’t destroy everything. Almost. [wood creaking] Oh, yeah, these’ll work. Yeah, I’m still coming out ahead with the boat
    than if I had just walked. I have another ten or twenty minutes before I’m tied,
    so I can give this one more go. They say the captain always goes down the ship,
    but being a boat owner, I think that’s just the politically
    correct version that’s been passed down. As a captain, I kinda feel like if my boat goes down,
    I want everyone to go down with it. You need something to commemorate it, y’know? I guess any stowaways could jump off,
    they were never really invested. I don’t have any crew or passengers, though. If that supply guy comes back,
    I’ll ask him to come down here. Okay… this is an issue. The board’s too long, the nails aren’t gonna line up. Okay, I’ll do it the classic way. Diagonal here should be fine. Uh… Yeah, that looks good. Just set it there… Oh yeah, that’s perfect. This is the complete inverse of my old job. Before this, I had to come up with a
    model for transmitting energy
    along a pseudo-Riemannian manifold. That was trickier than this, but it was all theory. Here, it’s “rotate the board.” But I have to actually go and do it. Well, my old job doesn’t exist anymore, so there. Y’know, I don’t even know if I’m gonna be missed
    if I don’t show up at… wherever they told me to go. If this doesn’t work, then everyone involved has
    more or less sentenced me to exile, wandering the countryside, looking for food and water. I mean, would they send someone to find me? Maybe. Would they die within two hours? Eh… So there’s a chance, months from now, some scout stumbles upon an old abandoned house,
    and finds me wrapped up in an old blanket, eating canned tuna, growing a ZZ Top beard,
    and they’re like: “Freeman, is that you?” And I say, “Yeah. Fuck you.” Ah, who am I kidding? Months… It takes years to grow a beard like that. Hmm… I say everyone’s incompetent,
    but there’s more going on here than that. Like, I assume the CIA guy
    had some mission he drafted me for. So that’s… Yeah, that looks about right. So when he dropped me off with no instructions,
    no supplies, and no information, I thought that was incompetent. Dut! Dah! It’s obvious now I’m some sort of decoy, but even then,
    I’d be more effective with a fake objective. Okay, that’s about as good as it’s gonna get. I should strength test this. I’ll just do a quick jump. Hup. Yep. Seems— Shit! [vocalizing underwater] Yeah, that passes inspection, I guess. But yeah, I thought CIA was doing that thing
    every manager I’ve ever had does, where he assumed because I did something successfully, no matter how much of an utter miracle it was that involved a lot of variables, and probably isn’t reproducible at all, that I’ll do that every time. So from his perspective… it makes perfect sense to send me
    into the lion’s den with nothing. I survived Black Mesa, therefore, I’ll survive anything. That’s my defining trait as an employee. Why would I need additional resources? The problem, of course, is they can’t understand the flaw
    in this reasoning until failure occurs. So, in my case, he can’t learn unless I die. Well, class may be in session! Ohhhh! Oof! Oh my god! That worked! Oh… I better not have this exact
    same situation in five minutes. Ah, yes, the beautiful c— [coughing] Fuck! OH! What is that?! Pretty sure that’s not a friend! I probably shouldn’t be following it! There’s another reason not to take the river! My options are kinda one-dimensional! It’s not even a river! I’m being tricked over and over again! I can’t trust anyone! Oh, for god’s sake! I’m not stopping! I’m not stopping! Ah! What did you do to my boat?! Pirates trying to board me…! Can barely steer this thi— NO! Get out of my lane! This is my lane! Metrocop: “Shit!” [splat] I was here first! I have the right of way! You don’t even have a boat! Go back to lifeguard duty! You’re not even dressed for water! Oh my god, are you kidding me? Yeah, put the logs up, so I can’t— Wait, that’s a ramp. Maybe…? Well, I’m not spending ten minutes here
    building another one! This was such a bad idea.
    I shouldn’t have listened to anyone! Yeah, that’s sort of a ramp. Gun it! To the right…! No, I can’t steer this! WAAAHHH! Oof! [weak breathing] Okay, that almost worked… We obviously just need more speed! That’s not a problem. Speed is my middle name! In fact… [Metropolice chatter]
    In fact… What, you’re still here? Don’t make me come over there! You better not be here when I get back. Okay, this is it! Go! Go! It’s working! It’s wo— [crash] AAAHHH! [thud] Oh my god, there’s more of them! Yeah, attack me from the bridge,
    that’s actually a great vantage point! That’s how I would try to kill me too! Shit! [crash] Ugh! Fuckin’ swamp boat! I can’t— No! Neugh! Oof! I need to get out of here… No, no— Back, back… Come on! Okay, okay. Now forward, and don’t veer off— Jesus Christ! Guess that’s the good fishing spot. Fish… Man, this is really shallow. Well the grass is green, I don’t think it’s drought. This has been drained. It’s like the Colorado River. There must be some massive
    irrigation project going on. Or hey, you know what? They’re aliens. They could be using the— Ah, shit. Okay, good. We have a stormtrooper in training here. Yeah, I see you. Bye. Why can’t the whole day be— [thud]
    WHOA! Whoa! Whoa… Oof! Oh, jeez, side… Ugh! Turn! Oh, no, no, no, no, no… Okay, here’s what’s gonna happen: I’m gonna gently nudge the gate open… Okay, a little harder. Oof! Fuck! We really haven’t had enough of this bullshit?! They sent me to a canal lock! [gunfire] [gunfire]
    OH! I’m boxed in! Ngh! Darth Uzi returns! Okay, that’s it, that’s it, I’m getting out. Boat ride’s over. Oof… Now it’s time for the bullet ride! Get ready, this one’s a lot faster! Oh what the fuck? Now he’s getting sneaky on me. Well, he missed me fifty times,
    and now I’m coming for him; I’d fall back too. So, either he’s smarter than he aims, or…
    he left to go get more ammo. I’m sure there’s more close by,
    I mean, why wouldn’t there be? Dammit, where is he? Of course, he’s gonna play mind games now. I’m half-expecting a cardboard cutout of him to spring out when I turn the corner, but still no sign of him. I hate those life-size cardboard cutouts. I remember attacking them
    by accident at the shoe store. So what— Ah! Oh, that was bad. He shot first! That is not how we do things now! I’m slipping! The thing is, my freak-out-o-meter has never
    really gone down this entire time, but I can’t be 100% vigilant at all times! I just— I need drugs! So this goes nowhere! That’s nice! Dr. Breen [faintly]: “—direct
    confirmation of a disruptor—” Wha— Dr. Breen [faintly]: “—in our midst,” What? Dr. Breen [faintly]: “—one who has acquired an almost messianic reputation in the minds—” ‘Messianic’? Dr. Breen [faintly]: “—of certain citizens.” Is this the voice of God? Dr. Breen [faintly]: “—with the darkest urges of
    instinct, ignorance and decay.” Okay, I’m definitely hearing voices,
    that’s not where I want it to go. Dr. Breen [faintly]: “have been laid
    directly at his feet, and yet—” What the hell? Dr. Breen [faintly]: “—continue
    to imbue him with romantic—” Oh, it’s a satellite. Dr.Breen [faintly]: “—giving him such dangerous—” But wait, I wouldn’t hear the transmission… Dr. Breen [faintly]: “—as the One Free Man,
    the Opener of the Way.” ‘Opener of the Way’… Oh, it’s not locked! Dr. Breen: “—the dangers of magical thinking.” Oh, it’s this stupid— Dr. Breen: “—from the dark pit—” Acoustics… Is there anyone there? Dr. Breen: “Let us not slide backward into—” There could be… Dr. Breen: “—just as we have
    finally begun to see the light.” Dr. Breen: “If you see—” Man, computers look even more hostile now. I bet this is Linux. Dr. Breen: “—do not go unrewarded, and contrariwise,” Ah, he’s not saying anything important. Is someone there? Dr. Breen: “—will not go unpunished.” But I guess this is the only entertainment
    I’m gonna get for a while. Dr. Breen: “Be safe.” Yes, be safe. Dr. Breen: “Be aware.” Aware. Yes, that is good advice. Oh, there is more ammo! I would’ve missed that! Maybe I should watch more of that show. It looked pretty dry, but maybe he has some good ideas. Idea men. Oh, speaking of which, I thought CIA was just
    displaying classic manager syndrome, but now I’m thinking there’s more layers to it. Oh, fuck! That’s one of those chairs
    they were gonna put me in! I knew it! Y’know, that says something about that Barney guy! Sure, he spared me for Kleiner,
    but what’s he doing the rest of the time? Pulling teeth, probably! He might be a fuckin’ psycho! Oh! He was hiding behind a barrel! The TV was trying to tell me! ‘Be aware’! Time to raise awareness! God, I hate it when they pop out of barrels, and… crates… my dreams… Jack-in-the-box warfare. I guess that’s an interesting way to go: Jump out at someone going “Hoo-hoo-HEH-HEH!” and watch them freak out and shoot you in the head. Don’t look at me! Yeah. There’s too many surprises today. A lot of people start dying
    once they exceed my surprise threshold. They’re all bad, too. Nobody’s going, “Oh hey, here, have a cake.” Oh, this is one of their vehicles. Does it open? [buzzer] Sure doesn’t. Oh— Yeah, that’s exactly the kind of surprise I mean. It’s not even a surprise now. I see one! I thought I saw— Yeah, I did. Man, there’s a lot of cops here,
    and they have equipment set up. They didn’t arrive twenty minutes ago! There’s computers, cameras, interrog— This is a full-fledged outpost! Christ, do we put in enough of these things? Nyah! The Underground Railroad leads
    straight to a police outpost! Dammit, there’s another behind the door there.
    I’m seeing sparks. Maybe it’s like that bucket of water trick. Instead of getting wet, you get a face full of saw blades. Ah…?! Oh my god… No… no…! I didn’t imagine it! It’s still there! HA! See? Alright, now it’s safe—𝙚𝙧 to move forward. Man, I need one of those little
    sticks with the mirrors on them. I wanted one of those even before all of this went down. ‘Be safe.’ ‘Be aware.’ Hey, what is this? Oh my god! Grenades! I’m taking ’em all! I’m so excited! So, who’s first? Uh… Okay, I’ll put the pin back in, but…
    it’s good to have that in my hip pocket. Or, more like my entire waist. [gunfire]
    AHHH! AHHH! What’s up with these smart tactics all of a sudden?! I like the old you better! The old you wouldn’t have set up a machine gun nest
    fifty yards away to cover the only access point! You’ve changed! But I know someone who hasn’t changed. Not really. GRENAAAADE! Did it work? [explosion]
    GRENA— Oh, there it goes. They were well-prepared. [explosion] That just means there’s
    layers of wrongness going on here. The Resistance is completely screwed;
    they’re being hunted down like rabbits, but the establishment is stupid too! They’re too aggressive!
    They’re working against themselves! Someone back there? No. I mean, they already have the— [Metropolice chatter]
    I mean, they already have the— Woah! Okay. Hi, it’s me, GRENAAAADE! Metrocop: “Get down!” [explosion] Look out, GRENAAAADE! Metrocop: “That’s a grenade!” Sure is! [explosion]
    Sure is! GRENAAAADE! Metrocop: “Grenade!” I know, right? [explosion] The Greeks say moderation in all things. I’m not Greek! GRENA— Oh, okay. Well, it’s not fun if nobody else is playing. This is really a multiplayer thing. Yeah, these guys look partied out. But yeah, they had the perfect setup. Lead the Resistance down the canal,
    then interrogate and kill them once they arrive here. More grenades! Well, if you insist! And this place is outside the city, so you can kill all
    Resistance and keep it quiet so you don’t tip them off. They’ll just keep coming. So why on earth would you attack this route? That’s like smashing roaches on their way
    to the roach motel, causing them all to scatter. This isn’t rocket science. I should know. This is the blind fighting the blind. [crow call] AHHH! [growl] Yeah, that’s right. Tell them I sent you. Wait, this is just another dead end? [exasperated stammer] This is getting really old! This is slowing me down a lot too! Oh, this opens the lock! Wait, that has live current! That could kill me! If there’s anything I’ve learned from the aliens,
    it’s don’t get electrocuted. So, uh… Yeah, this is bullshit. Y’know, it’s true what they say: Owning a boat is a trap.

    The Rat Train Robbery | A Short Film by Jim Lacy and Kathrin Albers
    Articles, Blog

    The Rat Train Robbery | A Short Film by Jim Lacy and Kathrin Albers

    August 9, 2019

    There is a new spectre haunting Europe. The spectre of privatisation. In preparation for its own privatisation, the German rail officials have now closed 300 train stations, sold off 100.000 train workers’ apartments and eliminated half of all jobs. German Rail, once a Mercedes among Fiats, is now ready for the stock market. But what happened to the proud former workers of what was once Europe’s finest train system? Some of the rail workers found other government jobs requiring their particular social skills. Others received job training to become computer and multimedia experts. But for most workers the train has already left the station. The chain reaction that social workers have always warned us about has begun: homelessness, drug addiction, and crime. And where do these former rail workers turn to when their despair turns them into criminals? On track 13 the euronight 491 from Flensburg to Vienna will be arriving shortly. The first class coaches will stop in section A, the the second class compartments in sections B to D. The heavily guarded armoured car transporting large sums of money will stop in section E. In this car there is no passenger seating. Good evening, security officers. This is a robbery. Come out with your hands in the air. Please have your tickets ready. Conductor, is this train going to Weiterstadt?
    -Does it sayinformationhere? The information desk at the west end of the station will be delighted to look up a connection for you. Well, you’ll have to change trains in Frankfurt. Then you could take the train via Mainz or Darmstadt. I can look it up if you’d like to. Have a nice trip! We should have gone to the postal service.
    -They were privatised, too. This job used to be something special. Something larger than … yourself. Back then you had authority and you were respected. I’m very sorry, Bicycles are not allowed on this train. But they told me I could
    -Not in the 12:33 to Kiel. But I have to take this train, my parents will pick me up! Those were the days… Okay guys, we’ll have a second chance tonight. Let me explain… Tonight is our last chance. And I think I have another idea. The train’s departure will be slightly delayed by this announcement. Ok, we get on separately so that we don’t attract suspicion. We’ll meet at the car carrying the money in exactly ten minutes. Back on the job… Only for employees. Oh, someone decided to turn this into a sleeper car. I hope you have a ticket for one. Hands up! Cough up the Boodle! Damnit, there’s a problem… What is it? The IC 5212 is approaching Cologne on time… You know what to do… “Engine failure” Expected arrival: 11:20 PM
    Estimated arrival: 4:10 AM I said cough up the boodle!
    -Boodle? Yeah, boodle, lolly, clams, simoleans, dough, chickenfeed, MONEY!
    -Money? You are thinking in the wrong categories, young lady. I don’t care about money, You are inside my secret headquarters. You? The boss himself! You fired us, and want to ruin the railway services by privatising it. Ruin… such an ugly word. I’m talking about entering the stock market. I’m looking for a cure for all those idealists who believe there is a chance for affordable ticket prices. And an understandable pricing system. My dream is a future where mother nature can reclaim what was taken from her. Cocklebur, brambles, ragweed and prickly pear envelop the rails, where the trains have ceased to run… Where occasionally an old war gleams in the sun. Covered with ivy and filled with the remains of those who never stopped believing that there will be a connecting train. Or affordable service… Would you like a cup of coffee? Oh, thank you. That’ll be 4,80 €

    Přeložená trať Studénka – Sedlnice | Abandoned railroad in Studénka
    Articles, Blog

    Přeložená trať Studénka – Sedlnice | Abandoned railroad in Studénka

    August 9, 2019

    Old railroad from Studénka to Sedlnice from 1881 was closed in 1959 due to construction of new airport in Mošnov and replaced by new railroad. Part we’ll cover today is highlited red. End of an unused siding Rail joint Old junction In the background is an old locomotive depot ČD Cargo intermodal train Time for another junction Removed railroad ties End of still-in-use sidings These rails used to continue over these parallel bridges. This is the former mill race hiking trail also goes under the bridges Reason of this line abandonment… …airplanes This is facing North West Bridge is about 49 meters long. Hiking trail goes over this footbridge 100 meters further another bridge is located This one used to be single-tracked Facing South East Overall length is approximately 75 meters Oder river flowing under the bridge creates meanders in this area. Oh, an apple! Probably a mast base 120 meters further, last bridge on this line it’s about 90 meters long. It protected railroad from being flooded. The bridge consists of separate parts. Rails from all the bridges weren’t removed until 2014. View back to the point where we started Old concrete ties And here is the wooden one Railroad headed straight on path to Albrechtičky is to the left and nature trail to the right Sign showing the way to Studénka train station Railroad went over the causeway between ponds Kačák and Kotvice. We’ll finish the tour with view towards Sedlnice, where the railroad terminated.

    Sebastian Junger: “The Last Patrol” | Talks at Google
    Articles, Blog

    Sebastian Junger: “The Last Patrol” | Talks at Google

    August 9, 2019

    SPEAKER 1: Thank you. CARRIE LAURENO: Again, my
    name is Carrie Laureno. I’m the founder of the
    Google Veterans Network. I’m so happy to be here
    tonight, with Sebastian Junger, with Guillermo Cervera,
    and Brendan O’Byrne, who we just saw in
    this incredible film, “The Last Patrol.” Again, wonderful to be
    here with all of you friends from Iraq and
    Afghanistan Veterans of America, Student Veterans
    of America, Team Rubicon, Team Red, White, and Blue,
    Veterans Advantage, and the US Military Academy
    at West Point, as well as many Googlers as well who
    are in this audience. It was an incredible
    film, Sebastian. I’ve seen all three
    of your films. And when I watched “Restrepo”–
    and we screened it on this very stage– for those of us who
    haven’t served in the military, we were able to experience
    what it meant to go to war. “Korengal” gives
    you a feeling of why it’s so hard to
    leave that behind. And now, with “The
    Last Patrol,” you’re giving us an
    opportunity to see what it feels like to come home
    and reconnect with America. And I want to thank
    you for letting us come on this journey with
    you of your own transition. And it’s very clear to
    all of us in this room, and those watching, that
    the transition process for those leaving combat,
    and combat reporting, or combat in general,
    is a very difficult one. That people have
    great expectations when they come home. And sometimes those
    expectations aren’t met. I have to say my favorite
    character was Daisy, far and away. No offense to you guys. At Google, you’re
    allowed to bring your dog to work every day. And we thought last night
    about inviting Daisy. And that would have been fun. Maybe we’ll do
    that another time. But she did a great job. Loved her camera work. What did you say? BRENDAN O’BYRNE: She was
    our best camerawoman. CARRIE LAURENO: I was
    just going to say, she was an excellent
    camerawoman. She did a fantastic job. SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    She’s getting more work than I am right now, actually. CARRIE LAURENO: So I took
    away some really big themes from all of this– combat,
    America, fathers, the influence and the impact of
    your relationships with them, addiction of
    different kinds, manhood. There’s some really,
    really big powerful themes that stood out for me. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: You forgot
    how to cook in your car engine. CARRIE LAURENO: That’s right. I want that cookbooks. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: It’s
    called “Manifold Destiny.” No, it’s not a joke. It is called “Manifold Destiny.” I tracked it down. It was a classic from the ’70s. CARRIE LAURENO: Oh my gosh. I feel like we
    should get everybody in this audience a copy of that. BRENDAN O’BYRNE:
    Imagine the sales. I mean, they just haven’t
    been sold for years. And then all of a sudden,
    200 copies get sold off. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: You can get
    them on Amazon, seriously. CARRIE LAURENO: OK. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: For real. CARRIE LAURENO:
    “Manifold Destiny.” SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    “Manifold Destiny.” CARRIE LAURENO: OK. So of all of those
    themes– and there are many others that
    I didn’t mention– I want to talk about
    purpose, and what your purpose was in doing this. Clearly, you had a goal
    to reconnect with America, and to decompress after war. But why did you really do this? Such an interesting idea. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Originally,
    when I first had the idea, was going to do it with Tim. And it was going to be a
    way to show Tim America and for me to understand
    America in a new way. If you make yourself
    vulnerable and marginal, you have a very different
    relationship with a place than if you’re just
    driving through it. And you’re very marginal
    and vulnerable if you don’t have a place
    to sleep at night. I mean, really, if you want
    to experience being marginal, just walk out your front door,
    and don’t come back at night. Spend one night out. Find a place to curl up. And come back in the morning. And you’ll experience
    what it is to be a vulnerable person
    in this society. And you’ll feel
    vulnerable no matter how much you have in
    your bank account. You just do that, you’ll get it. And I wanted to experience
    America little bit like that. And I thought the railroad
    lines would provide us this sort of view from
    the inside out in America. Highways go around
    towns or whatever. Railroad lines go straight
    through the middle. So that was originally
    what I wanted to do. And then Tim died. And so I had this whole
    thing was struggling with. And I got to know Guillermo
    because of Tim’s death. And we’re great friends. Really, really close. But I wouldn’t have met him
    otherwise, I don’t think. And Brendan and Dave I knew, Tim
    and I knew, from Afghanistan. I just said, OK. Here’s four guys who’ve
    been in a lot of combat. We’re not going to
    go back to war again. And maybe we could also
    have this long conversation. It just seemed like a way
    to– I needed a change. I was 50 years old. A lot had happened in my life
    in the previous few years. I really needed a change. And I just thought if I put
    myself in an extreme place– but with people that I really
    trusted and was connected to– that’s how you change. CARRIE LAURENO: And Guillermo,
    why did you agree to go? GUILLERMO CERVERA:
    At the beginning, when we were
    walking, I would use to say, Sebastian, I
    don’t see this story. I don’t understand why
    we have to do this. I was very tired every day. I didn’t like to sleep outside. So I kept going. CARRIE LAURENO: We know what
    you think of the Army poncho. BRENDAN O’BYRNE:
    Most Army products. CARRIE LAURENO: That’s real? AUDIENCE: Yeah. GUILLERMO CERVERA:
    They are very bad. They’re supposed to be
    impermeable, but they are not. Yeah. And when we kept
    going and going, and I was just going because it
    was a great opportunity for me to photograph America
    and be in the movie. So I kept on going. But I kept on saying, Sebastian,
    I don’t see the story. But after a while,
    I start to see. And to see was something more
    than being there photographing in the project. Was more about my inside. What I was experiences. And dealing with three guys. I didn’t know them. And they have kind of the
    same problem that I have. That’s what made me more
    touched with the film. And after all, I learn a lot. CARRIE LAURENO: And Brendan,
    it sounds like you liked it so much that it was
    hard for you to leave. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yeah. I was going through a really
    rough time in my life, also. It was really me
    breaking up all my wife, was the starts of that. I was in bad in drinking. I was drinking a lot. And all those things. It was really nice to
    get away from all that. When staying at my house,
    I couldn’t stop myself from drinking. But being in the middle of the
    woods, I couldn’t get booze. So that was like sure way
    of not drinking for a week. And that’s what I did. And also, my wife
    wasn’t there, so that’s why I really loved it. CARRIE LAURENO: OK. It wasn’t actually about combat. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: I
    wasn’t trying to heal. CARRIE LAURENO:
    Different kind of combat. Got it. So on this journey,
    it seemed like you all met some really
    interesting characters. And really, like a slice
    of America that most of us don’t see all of the time. And I wonder what it felt
    like to see that, especially for Brendan, after being
    in combat and coming home, and the people on whose
    behalf you served. Seeing them, hearing what
    they had to say about America. What was that experience like? Meeting people who
    are so disconnected from the experience that
    you went through in the war. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yeah. Meeting America
    was great for me, because it really showed me
    what I fought for, really. And it’s really sad to see what
    state our country’s actually in. There’s a lot upset. A lot of poverty, a lot of drug
    abuse, a lot of alcoholism. And it was sort
    of sobering to see that that’s the place I was
    fighting for is doing really poorly in some places. So it was really good to
    get to see that, and say, all right, well,
    now there’s a battle here at home, also,
    that I could fight. And the disconnect is going
    to happen no matter what, because there’s only 1%
    of our country that’s fighting in the military. So I understood that
    disconnect was going to happen. So that didn’t bother
    me as much as it really bothered me to see how many
    people are living in poverty– and living, actually,
    probably, worse off than I was in
    Afghanistan, in many ways. What really surprised
    me was the fact that when we were walking
    through the bad parts, quote unquote, the
    bad parts of towns, was where we actually
    got the most help. Was where we got the
    most support from people. It wasn’t in richer,
    upper-class areas. They didn’t want to help us. But that the people that
    were low on the totem pole, the people that were
    really just trying to survive, they wanted to help us. And that says a lot
    to me about community. Community’s still alive
    in those small groups, in those places of poverty. And it’s not alive in places
    like upper-class, middle-class areas. It’s just not alive there. And that surprised
    me, because I thought it was going to be the opposite. CARRIE LAURENO:
    And Guillermo, I’m really curious to hear
    your opinions about that. You’re originally from Spain. And you’ve lived here off
    and on for many years. And you’ve been around
    the globe a few times. From the perspective of
    someone who isn’t American, having the chance to walk
    the railways with two Americans or three Americans
    and seeing what you saw, it seemed like there is
    an equal amount of pride that these folks felt, as well
    as a great degree of sadness that came through. And I’m curious, as
    someone who isn’t American, what your impression was about
    the state of our country. GUILLERMO CERVERA: Well,
    America is just fascinate me, because it has a
    lot of weird things. And I like them to photograph. But also rejects me. I see a lot of the people
    insane, and a lot of problems that we don’t see when we are
    in Europe looking at the movies from America. And I had that feeling
    like the people is really– when you walk
    around, you see a lot of pain, a lot of pain in faces. And that happens everywhere. Everywhere you see that problem,
    because it’s a human problem. I see it in
    Afghanistan, everywhere. But the difference, I feel,
    is like in other countries, people help each other more. And here you see a
    lot of individuality and a lot of loneliness. That makes the problem bigger. And that’s my feeling. CARRIE LAURENO: And that’s
    something you’ve seen before? Or this trip brought
    that to life for you? GUILLERMO CERVERA:
    Well, I saw it before when I came here
    when I was in college. I came two or three
    years for study. And I live upstate
    in New York, in Troy. And there’s a lot of
    people insane there. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah. I’m writing an
    article about PTSD right now for “Vanity Fair.” And I just heard about this. They had a really– I
    had this sort of idea that one of the things
    that’s hard for combat vets to come back to is the
    alienation of society. I mean, if you’re in
    a platoon in combat, you’re never further
    way then a few feet from another person for a year. In a very, very close,
    intense, human experience. And then you come
    back to this society, and it’s much more spread
    out, and often alone, right? So that maybe the problem
    with combat trauma isn’t the combat
    trauma, it’s that people are trying to heal
    by themselves. And individual
    therapy, and whatever. The community experience
    is lacking here. So I’ve been talking
    to people about that. They did an experiment
    with lab mice. And you can
    traumatize a lab mouse and give it traumatic
    stress, right? You can give it PTSD,
    just like humans. And those of trauma, you can
    keep those going indefinitely if you keep startling
    the mouse, right? Loud noises, whatever. You can keep those symptoms
    going after the trauma. But only if the
    mouse is by itself. If you put that mouse back
    in a community of my mice, no matter what you do, you
    cannot keep those trauma symptoms at the same level. They decline. I think when you
    talk about people being in pain in this
    country, and alone, I think he’s really right. I think there’s a
    lot of pain here. And it comes from a
    sort of basic loneliness that a lot of people
    feel in suburban– I grew up in the suburbs, the
    loneliest place in the world, I think. CARRIE LAURENO: I
    can’t wait to read it. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Thank you. CARRIE LAURENO:
    It’s interesting. Some of the veteran
    service organizations that we partner with here at
    Google– like a Team Rubicon or a Team Red, White, and
    Blue– those organizations get people out into the field. And I believe there’s was
    a article written recently on task and purpose
    about how being downrange together, having
    that camaraderie, is something that these
    organizations are trying to foster for veterans who
    are coming back from these two wars. And it seems very similar
    to the environment that you were replicating
    on this patrol. That’s interesting. What, specifically,
    looking back on it now, was similar about
    the patrol and war? There was a couple things
    that stood out to me. And I remember at one
    point in the film, you are looking out–
    maybe through binoculars– you were looking out for
    cops who were far away. And it was almost like they
    were the enemy in the situation. And you were trying to– SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Almost? CARRIE LAURENO: Almost. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: They
    weren’t the enemy. But they were
    definitely a challenge. CARRIE LAURENO: No, I
    remember watching “Restrepo” and thinking, oh, this is like. You’re looking way
    out for the Taliban. Where are these guys? And you’re doing the same thing. You’re taking cover from
    trains that are going by. You’re taking
    cover from bullets. And it felt similar without
    the lens of combat there. What, for you guys, was most
    similar about the experience? GUILLERMO CERVERA: I
    didn’t find any similarity. CARRIE LAURENO: No? GUILLERMO CERVERA: The only
    thing I felt is, as I told you before, after a few
    trips in the patrol, I felt like coming back
    to see these guys to spend more time with them. Because I felt good. And that’s kind of the feeling
    when you go through a war, and you are with
    friends– journalists, in my case– you feel good,
    because you help each other. And you are that
    kind of situation. For me that was the similarity. Maybe for them was
    something different. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yeah. For me, it’s the
    idea that in society, like Sebastian was saying,
    it’s a group of I’s. Everyone is I, me. Inside combat, I only used I
    and me was when I fucked up. When it was my fault. Hey, my bad. That was my fault. And the rest of the
    time, we used we, because that was what we were. And inside of the patrol,
    we had to do the same thing. We had to leave the I
    at home, and use the we. And you could see it. One of the times Guillermo was
    having a hard time walking, and it was really hot. And Sebastian took his pack. I mean, those are the things
    without even– actually, demanded, give me your pack. So those are the things that
    you don’t see in society. I think there was
    a homeless person, or there was someone, I
    think, dead in the street? I can’t remember the exact
    story in New York City. And there was like a few hundred
    people that passed by him and didn’t even help him. And they didn’t know
    he was dead or dying. And that says a lot. That’s lonely, When people
    are walking past you and you’re dying, and
    they don’t help you. In combat, that doesn’t happen. So the similarities were
    that we were all there, and we are all supporting
    each other in every way. And we got shot at one time,
    which was sort of similar. But it wasn’t very accurate, so. CARRIE LAURENO: I’m sure
    there are a lot of people here who have questions. We have some mics
    out in the audience. It would be great if
    anybody has a question, if we could bring a
    mic over to those folks so that their
    questions are audible. AUDIENCE: Hi. Well, I have a question
    about audience. And I’ve seen “Restrepo.” I haven’t seen “Korengal.” But “Restrepo”
    seemed like a film that was designed
    to educate the 99% to see what that’s really like. Here, though, the
    reason I ask this is because one of
    the significant challenges a veteran deals
    with when he comes home is that trust situation. The ability to trust someone
    who hasn’t been there with them. And I happen to work a lot with
    veterans and experience that. And yet while this is still
    educational for civilians, there seems to be
    another– I’m wondering how important the military,
    the veteran audience is. Because on the one
    hand, these may be soldiers that
    are like that, that don’t want to talk to anyone. But yet, although
    you’ve been shot at quite a bit and lost
    one of your best friends, you are a civilian. As are you as well, Guillermo. And there are many stories
    filtering through the film that are all about
    childhood traumas– the dog getting killed. Your example, the mice. Trauma, in many
    cases, feels the same. And I wonder how intentional
    and how important the audience of a veteran is
    for you, in the sense that they can come back and relate
    to people in that way, in terms of empathy
    and the universality of post-traumatic stress. And I wonder if that’s a helpful
    starting point for a veteran. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah. I absolutely had veterans
    in mind making this film. Not exclusively. But absolutely had
    veterans in mind. I thought of it as an example
    of collaboration and closeness, but back home. So you can do it here, too. And the consequences are
    almost certainly not fatal. So that’s a good thing. But you do get a lot
    of the same closeness. And so, absolutely, I
    thought about veterans. But in some ways,
    I thought civilians could learn about
    veterans with this film. Soldiers could learn
    about journalists. I’m a journalist. Guillermo’s a journalist. It’s all men. I feel like women
    can watch this film and learn something about men. CARRIE LAURENO: I learned a lot. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Did you? BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Unfortunate
    truths about men? SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah. Yeah. The sexes are bizarre and
    frustrating to each other. And here there’s four
    men talking pretty openly about everything, including
    about their feelings about women. Just seemed like that
    might be interesting. And it would allow veterans
    to learn about America. Among other things, we’re
    walking through America. And it’s a much weirder
    country than I quite realized. We all live in our communities
    and we know those communities, but until you walk
    through other communities, you can drive through–
    sorry, it’s not the same. If you walk through,
    and you have to find a place to
    sleep that night, and you have to
    engage with people, you really get to
    know where you are. And as Brendan was
    saying, the communities that were the most
    intimidating to me absolutely were the most welcoming. And the ones where we
    actually really had problems were the wealthy
    communities, like the kind of town I grew up in. Actually a really
    interesting experience. CARRIE LAURENO: Other questions? AUDIENCE: Hey. So Sebastian and
    Brendan, we kind of share a brother–
    Tanner Steester. I went to basic
    training with that guy. He the forward
    observer that guys might know from his first movie. And really, my
    question is what’s it like to be journalist–
    a civilian– let into that circle? Into that brotherhood? Because I say every day I’m
    a student veteran leader. And I tell people all the
    time, look, we’re all brothers. We’re all sisters. Once you served in
    the military, doesn’t matter if you’re in
    uniform or if you’re out. If you deployed, if you didn’t
    deploy, it doesn’t matter. Once you raise your right hand
    to serve, you’re my brother. And Sebastian, we’ve
    never met before, but after seeing your
    films and knowing who you’re connected
    with, I feel like you’re part of that circle. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Absolutely. AUDIENCE: What’s it
    like to get into that? And have that unique perspective
    as far as a civilian goes? SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Well,
    you know, I– thank you, first of all. I think in any group, the
    amount that you’re allowed in is connected to the amount
    that you’re willing to give. If you’re in a group you
    don’t know very well, you’re not really part of it. And you’re probably not willing
    to give very much of yourself up for it, right? But as you get close
    to people– as you learn to connect to
    them, you love them, you’re worried about
    them, whatever– the amount of yourself that
    you’re giving out rises. And likewise in the
    other direction, that connection rises also. And so by the end
    of the deployment that I covered with
    Tim– before the end, but as it went by–
    I felt completely part of that platoon. And I think they thought
    of me that way, too. And one of the
    things that I really liked about the patrol,
    the last patrol, was that we kind of did
    that with each other. And I think we all had to
    learn to think about the group more than about how we
    individually were feeling. So when I took
    Guillermo’s pack, I was sort of putting
    him ahead of me. And I know that in
    another circumstance he would have done that for me. And once you’re in that
    kind of relationship with a number of other
    people, you’re home free. That’s, I think, where
    we all want to be. And I think in
    this society, it’s hard to find circumstances that
    require that or even permit it. I’d like to ask
    you, though– have you been embedded with
    US forces in Iraq? GUILLERMO CERVERA: Yes, I was. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: I’d love
    to know what– I mean, I’m an American with
    American forces. As a foreigner with
    American forces, how did you feel with them? How did they think of you? I’m just curious. What was your experience? GUILLERMO CERVERA: I think
    the beginning is hard, because they don’t know you. And it’s hard for
    them to trust you. But at the end is very
    similar than being embed with the Afghans
    in this example. At the end, all make a group. They accept you. And they treat you really well. And they protect you. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Great. GUILLERMO CERVERA: And I think
    it’s more a matter of humanity. They take care of
    each other as a group. As the thing that happen
    with us in patrol. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Guillermo, did
    they pull pranks on you, also? Because we harassed Sebastian
    quite a bit out there. And that’s when
    we really told him that he was part
    of the group, was where we started pulling
    really bad pranks on him. We found out he was
    afraid of spiders, so. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: If
    you’re ever embedded, don’t tell them you’re
    scared of spiders. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Or anything. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Or scared
    of anything, for that matter. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Or
    your mother’s name. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Or
    your mother’s name. Definitely not
    your sister’s name. BRENDAN O’BYRNE:
    Important information. Write it down. CARRIE LAURENO: Other questions? This side of the room. Do we have mics over here? AUDIENCE: I got you right here. I actually have two questions. First question is how’s Dave? BRENDAN O’BYRNE: He’s good. I think he’s over– No, SEBASTIAN JUNGER: He’s back. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: He’s back. AUDIENCE: He’s back now. Good. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: I can
    answer that real quickly, just add to that. He went over with
    a private outfit, but working with the military. And then he finally
    came back again. I just sent him an email
    and said, hey, man. How you doing? What are you up to? And he said he just got a
    place in central Wisconsin. Way out in the
    woods, like 80 acres. And he said he’s been splitting
    wood and hunting a lot. And so, like, OK,
    you’re probably good. AUDIENCE: That sounds good. awesome. OK. So second question. And this one kind of hits
    me both from “Restrepo” and from “The Last Patrol.” For me personally, in
    the same situation– and for a lot of folks that I
    know in my current position who haven’t been in that
    same situation– for me, it’s all about control. When you’re with your friends
    and you’re with your brothers and sisters, you don’t have
    to worry about yourself. Somebody’s got your
    back all the time. Somebody’s telling
    you what to do. You’re telling somebody
    else what to do. And it’s kind of
    this big circle. But as soon as you get back,
    you kind of lose all that. And you have to figure out how
    to have control of yourself again. And what I found
    myself a lot is trying to find somebody to
    take control over me. Tell me what to do. Tell me where to go. And there’s constant
    inner struggle. I want to take
    control of myself. But also, I want
    that same feeling where when times are
    tough, I want somebody to tell me what to
    do and where to go. And I got that same
    feeling from both movies. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah. I think, actually, strangely,
    it’s a really good feeling to be in a group
    where you have a job. Where you’re being given
    a job, sometimes, and told to do something. Because it means that
    a, you’re trusted. But b, that you’re also
    being taken care of. Guillermo, you probably–
    I was with Brendan and Dave in Afghanistan in a platoon. But your experience more
    has been a little bit more independent, right? So the patrol was probably
    a little different for you in terms of cooperating
    with some other people. So what was that transit? Did you resist, if I told
    you, go do something, did you resist it at first? Was there a transition
    where you accepted that? GUILLERMO CERVERA: Oh, yeah. Yeah. At the beginning I didn’t
    want to help anyone. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: I
    noticed that, actually. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: No way! GUILLERMO CERVERA: I just
    wanted to take pictures. I didn’t have that experience
    of being protected. When I travel around,
    I am by myself. And no one protects me. It’s kind of tricky. So for me, being in the patrol
    was completely different. I was protected by three guys. And I felt like nothing. I don’t have anything to do. Just being here
    and take pictures. It was great. It was a great feeling. Because at the
    beginning I didn’t want to get involved in the
    group, but after a while, I learned how to be
    involved with them. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: What changed? Why did it change? When did it change? How did that work? GUILLERMO CERVERA:
    Because if I don’t change, I have to keep fighting
    all the time with my brain. And that’s why I had to
    change and just relax. SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    How long did it take? GUILLERMO CERVERA:
    It took a while. Yeah. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: One
    of things I found is that when you’re actually
    giving of to a group, that feels really good. I think that’s what– Team
    Rubicon, where are they at? They do the same thing. They give back to America. And of course, that feels good. It feels really good. So finding something like
    that to give back to, even if it’s not a
    group of close friends, even if it’s your
    country, that’s going to make you feel
    really, really great. And I think that that’s one
    of the things that saved me. Because that’s what I do. I try to give back as much as
    I can to the veteran community. And that makes me feel
    better about being alone inside society. GUILLERMO CERVERA:
    But I think it says a lot about relationship
    between men and women. That sometimes they
    are keeping fighting, and they don’t
    relax, because they want to keep in control
    of their own lives. And not give the
    control to the other. And I think that’s
    a thing in the movie shows a lot about relations. CARRIE LAURENO: Brendan, I
    want to really applaud you for what you just said
    about giving back. Because I think the most
    important leadership role that– we don’t know each
    other all that well, but I feel like I know you, because
    you’re a movie star. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: I’ve
    never been in a movie. CARRIE LAURENO: But
    I want to apply you for being so open about sharing
    your story and your experiences having served in the military. The only way that
    people like us, who care about veterans at
    Google and other companies, are able to do our
    jobs is because there are people like you who are
    willing to tell your story. And you’re a really
    expressive, soulful guy. And it makes all the difference
    in setting a leadership example for other veterans to be able
    to follow in your footsteps and share so that the
    rest of us can learn. And we can heal as a community. Service members go home to
    communities– communities that want to embrace them,
    and don’t know how. And it’s not easy, as a
    civilian, to go up to someone and say, thank you
    for your service. And I know you in particular
    don’t particularly like that phrase. But it’s not easy for anybody. And the work that you’re
    doing is helping all of us. So I think we need to all
    applaud this guy for that. [APPLAUSE] BRENDAN O’BYRNE:
    Thank you very much. I think that when I
    talk about my service, I talk about we’re
    service members. We join the military to
    serve our country, right? So when we go to war, and when
    we go to combat, the things that we see and we do
    there, they’re not ours. They’re not ours. They’re our country’s. So I really think
    this is the only way to come home, is to
    share these stories. Because it is our
    country’s stories. It’s not our stories. For veterans that are, oh,
    you can’t hear my story, because you won’t
    understand– of course, they’re not going understand. They’re not going to
    understand until we speak up and talk about this stuff. And once we start speaking
    up and talk about this stuff, our country’s growing
    up in two parts– it’s civilians and veterans. And if we don’t bridge that
    gap, if we don’t somehow bridge that gap– 22 veterans
    a day kill themselves. Why you think that is? We have to bridge that gap. The only way to bridge that gap
    is to be telling our stories. And telling our
    stories accurately. Not patting ourselves on the
    back like these Navy SEALs do. [LAUGHTER] But just honestly. What we actually experienced. What we actually saw. The things that we experienced
    over there is going to help. If we start talking to
    civilians about these things, it’s going to help
    the civilians, and it’s definitely
    going to help us. So I put that out to
    every veteran here, and every one that’s going
    to serve in the military– tell your damn story. It’s not yours. It’s not yours. So open up. [APPLAUSE] CARRIE LAURENO: Awesome. We have a question over here. AUDIENCE: My first
    question is for Sebastian. Did you remember to
    brush your teeth today? BRENDAN O’BYRNE: It’s Vietnam. SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    I did, actually. Special event, so. AUDIENCE: My real question. It’s mentioned in
    the documentary that veterans who come home from
    war that have personal issues typically have those personal
    issues prior to going to war. Do you think it’s those
    personal issues that draw them to war to begin with? SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    That’s a good question. I know it’s been
    studied, obviously. It’s not absolute correlation. But one of the indicators of
    combat trauma after combat is if you’ve had personal trauma
    in your life before combat. And there’s some connection. Some connection. Which is really
    important to understand. The Israeli military
    has a PTSD rate of 1%. And one of the reasons–
    there’s a number of reasons. I think it’s a more
    cohesive community. Everyone serves. Everybody serves. You don’t come back
    and feel like an alien. You’re coming back
    to a society that understands what you went
    through, because everyone is involved in the
    military to some degree. And it helps a lot. But also they screen. They screen for vulnerability
    to combat trauma. And they keep people
    who are vulnerable because of prior trauma, they
    keep them out of those units. It’s really, really smart. So yeah, I think actually
    it’s an important issue. And your first question actually
    made me think of a quick story. At one point, we’d been on
    the road for a good week. As you saw, we got pretty
    dirty pretty quickly out there. And after like a week, we
    were along the Juniata River. It was right before the
    last scene in the film. And it was a nice,
    warm April day. And I thought, oh, none of us
    has touched a drop of water for a whole week. Maybe let’s bathe
    before we end this trip. And I said, hey. I think I’m going to bathe. Jump in the river. Soap down. Rinse off. Feel good. And I said, who’s got soap? And we looked around. Four guys, right? We all know we’re
    going to be out there for a good week in the woods. Not one of us even
    thought to bring soap. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: And
    that didn’t actually correct the problem later. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah. The next trip, no one
    brought soap, either. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Next
    week we didn’t– No. CARRIE LAURENO: Other questions? AUDIENCE: Hey, guys. Thanks for doing this. So I wanted to ask,
    actually, about the folks that you met along the way. It seemed to me that through
    the first half the movie, you were asking folks,
    what’s dividing us? What’s wrong with the
    American identity right now? And then somewhere
    along the way, it switched to what do
    you love about America? Why those questions? And more so, how
    do those questions connect to the veterans’
    identity and the veterans’ narrative that you’re trying
    to punch through here? SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah. It’s a good question. So what I was
    thinking is that when I was with those
    guys in the Korengal, they do something called
    movement to contact. And they walk down a
    valley in a patrol. And, basically,
    contact would mean talking to people who
    were willing to talk to them in the villages. Or, occasionally,
    contact meant firefight. Right? But when they were
    able to talk to people, basically, they’d
    say, how are things? How are you doing? What’s going on? Do you need anything? Whatever. That kind of assessment
    of the needs of civilians. In a very, very poor place,
    it’s a smart thing to do. Hearts and minds, right? A smart idea. And I don’t know if they
    got honest answers or not, but it was a good idea. So I just thought, OK. The country’s coming
    out of two wars. Someone should do a movement
    to contact in this country. And ask people,
    how are you doing? What do you need? What are you worried about? The same kind of thing,
    but in this country. It was a good idea. But the problem with it is that
    I found that the answers wound up being basically soundbites
    that I’d heard in the media. We’re turning into
    a socialist country. Or we’ve drifted too far
    away from God, or whatever. That’s just not a
    helpful analysis of where we’re at as a nation. And furthermore, you’re
    upset, but you’re not thinking with your own brain. You’re borrowing someone else’s
    ideas and just repeating them. You’re not really thinking. I’m asking you a real question,
    and you’re using someone else’s– some pundit on
    TV, using their ideas. It wasn’t interesting. So I thought maybe
    if I asked, what’s the best thing
    about this country, no one goes on TV
    to talk about what the best thing in this
    country is, right? So there aren’t any
    soundbites for that. CARRIE LAURENO: Apparently
    you can Google it, though. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah, right. Right. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: That’s
    my favorite answer. CARRIE LAURENO:
    Thank you for that. SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    And so we started to get something that was
    a little more interesting. There was one guy– there
    were amazing people that didn’t make it into the film. And it’s the heartbreak
    of making documentaries. Stuff gets left out
    that just beautiful. And in Baltimore
    we ran into a guy, young African American
    guy– actually, young African guy who
    was now American– and he’d grown up in Liberia. And I was in Liberia
    during the civil war. And one of the things that
    stopped that civil war was the arrival of American
    forces in Monrovia– and also other African
    forces in Monrovia– to enforce a peace between
    the rebels and the government. And he was just a kid
    when that happened, right? That was like 11 years ago. So he was a young boy. And so he had this memory
    of that America had actually come to his country and done
    something really, really good. And they didn’t fire
    a shot, by the way. And so he had a very
    positive idea of America. But then he came here, and
    he was not only experiencing he was glad to be here,
    but he was very, very poor. And he was an immigrant. And he was very
    upset at the attitude that he was encountering
    about immigrants. He’s like, look, you came to
    Liberia to help my country. Now here I am. I’m trying to get an education
    to do good in the world. And I’m an immigrant,
    and you don’t like me. That doesn’t make sense. And he just said this
    very powerful thing. He’s like, look. We’re all immigrants. Except for the American Indians,
    all of us are immigrants. It’s a whole country
    of immigrants. So who is it to stand up and
    say that one group’s immigrants, and we’re not. It’s stupid. And so there were people
    that were very, very upset about things. And he was one of the
    few who really was not using soundbites. He was really using his brain. And it was incredible,
    incredible moment. You remember that guy, right? Yeah. So, anyway. Long answer, but. GUILLERMO CERVERA: Yeah. But when you ask what the
    best thing about America, all say freedom of
    speech, or freedom. And I really don’t have
    that sense of America. When you travel around,
    you see what’s freedom. Here it’s freedom, but
    a different freedom. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Right. Well, there’s economic
    freedom, right? And political freedom. And I think we are very,
    very free in this country to say what we feel. What we think. Absolutely. You can stand on a
    street corner and scream that you hate the president. And most of the
    countries in the world, you get put in prison for that. But not here. It’s amazing. I know a lot of people who grew
    up in the Eastern Bloc, right? Those societies,
    as flawed as they are in terms of
    political freedom, economically, people
    are way more equal. I mean the gap between
    rich and poor is not large. It’s small. And so do we have
    economic freedom here? A lot of us do, but
    a lot of us do not. And that was not true of
    the Eastern Bloc, as poor as it was. AUDIENCE: Hi. Brendan, I noticed in
    a scene in the movie you had an EOD t-shirt. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: I didn’t
    have any clean shirts. Dave lent it to me. So you’ve got to talk
    to Dave about that. AUDIENCE: The next
    round’s on you. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yeah. AUDIENCE: This isn’t a
    question, but more of a comment. I honestly, from the
    bottom of my heart, and behalf of my
    family and my wife, thank you for making this. Thank you for making the
    films that you’ve made. Not from an
    entertainment aspect, but more as perspective. There are those of us that
    have experienced certain things that we might not have
    the words to talk about. You mentioned, Brendan,
    that this isn’t our story. You’re absolutely right. These are stories that
    people here need to know. People that watch this
    movie need to know. But we don’t have the words. And sometimes we don’t
    have the capabilities. We’re going through our own
    things, myself included. These films offer a
    glimpse into our own minds. And something that I may not be
    able to tell my wife that I’m going through, but she
    can watch this movie. And there were certain
    times during the portion of this movie that she’s
    sitting there shaking her head. I think there were a couple
    times where it really clicked with her. Same thing with
    “Restrepo.” and I can’t thank you enough for that. It really means a lot to a lot
    of people that you can do this. And we talked about
    bridging the gap. You’re doing it. Thank you. SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    Thank you very much. [APPLAUSE] BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Real fast. When Sebastian
    wrote the book, one of things I first
    said to him was, you’re explaining us to us. Thank you. And that’s what I told him. And it was one of
    the first times that I was being
    explained to me. And that’s what really helped
    me get to where I am right now and be able to speak about this. Because he’s helped
    me along this way. And to tell me, dude, you’re
    messed up because of this. Or you’re messed up–
    or not messed up. He never said that. Yeah, he implied it. For sure. Said get your life together. Why? Life is going great. But yeah. He’s explained a lot. A lot of us, he has
    led the path in this. And it’s thank you
    from this side, too. GUILLERMO CERVERA: And I
    went to also thank you. Rudy who was there,
    the cameraman– we don’t see him in the movie. But at the beginning, I was
    all the time telling him, I hate this. I hate this. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: You were
    complaining to the cameraman? really? GUILLERMO CERVERA: He
    was really supporting me. SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    Did he hate it, too? GUILLERMO CERVERA: Yes. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: He did, right? The guys who carried the least
    weight hated it the most. That’s weird. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Weird. GUILLERMO CERVERA: I know. CARRIE LAURENO: A
    couple other questions. AUDIENCE: Now, just real quick. As far as being
    noncombatants in that role and being combatants
    in that role, despite being on American soil
    and being relatively safe, like a knee-jerk
    reaction– whether it be in the middle of
    the night, or something like that– did you find
    yourself wishing you almost had a weapon on you to
    feel more comfortable, or that your combatant
    had a weapon on you? Again, just whether
    it be a train going by, or seeing the
    helicopters in a situation like that. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yeah. We really did get shot at once. And we were in the
    middle of Pennsylvania. And it was actually outstanding. That sounded weird. AUDIENCE: It’s not that weird. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: But
    we had bear mace, which is, like, bears
    get stopped by that. Grizzlies. So crackheads definitely
    get stopped by it. And we also had a machete. And we had a dog. So some of the close-range
    stuff we weren’t really too concerned about. But when we got shot at,
    it was the funniest thing. We were underneath a bridge. That’s how normally
    you get shot at. You start out with being
    underneath a bridge. And so we hear these two shots. And Sebastian grabs the
    machete and runs off. And I run, going around
    the hill to flank this guy. And I’m right up the
    wall trying to see where they were
    shooting us from. It was just the weirdest
    thing, because I really did want a gun at that point. But I’m glad I didn’t. It would’ve been
    a weird situation. Sebastian got into a firefight
    in the middle of Pennsylvania. The news wouldn’t have, I don’t
    think, would have liked that. But it was this reaction. Immediately. Didn’t even think about it. We didn’t talk about it. He ran just one way. I went up this way. And we’re about to
    assault whatever the person was up there. And yeah. But it felt very
    vulnerable at that moment, because we didn’t have weapons. And we were going
    to handle whatever we were going to handle. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah. We both immediately
    thought– I mean, I thought– we need
    to do something. We didn’t communicate, either. It was real instantaneous. But I thought, we’ve
    got to do the thing that this guy least
    expects us to do. And for Brendan, that meant
    climbing this rock wall. It’s about 15 feet high. And peeking over the edge of it. And for me, it meant
    grabbing the machete and trying to run around
    so I could get behind him. And so deal with him that way. And it was instantaneous. But what motivated me,
    and, I think, Brendan, was just I was
    absolutely indignant that someone would try
    to harm these guys. It was such an
    instantaneous reaction. And it was the only moment,
    I think, on the patrol that I felt a little
    Afghan, or something. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yeah. It was cool. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: It was cool. The footage wasn’t good
    enough to put it in the film, so we had to leave
    it as a story. Yeah? AUDIENCE: [INAUDIBLE]? SEBASTIAN JUNGER: No, no. He stopped shooting. He just fired a few rounds. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: The
    Amish mafia, definitely. It was the Amish mafia. They got us. CARRIE LAURENO: Yes. Go ahead. Front row. Ma’am? Hi. Yes. AUDIENCE: You talked a
    lot about relationships you have with your wives. Or, Brendan, your wife. [INAUDIBLE] women? Sorry. You talked about
    the relationships you had with your fathers. That came up. But I never heard you say
    anything about your mothers. Did you discuss the relationship
    you had with your mothers? And did you edit that out? Or was it just something
    that never really was important enough to have– SEBASTIAN JUNGER: I know
    this is going to sound weird, because we walked
    350 miles together, but I don’t think any
    of us ever mentioned either the marriages we
    were in or our mothers. I don’t know why. Did we? Did we talk about
    the relationships– BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Only
    when we were asked, like, what does your
    wife do for you? And I’m like, she
    keeps me in line. That was the only time that– SEBASTIAN JUNGER: No,
    the question there was what do you like
    best about women? Is actually what
    the question was. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Oh. CARRIE LAURENO: Guillermo, yeah. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: So that was the
    only time I brought up my wife. SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    Guillermo said, everything. CARRIE LAURENO:
    Everything, yeah, right. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Is that a
    good answer or a bad answer, by the way. As a woman, what would you say? AUDIENCE: I don’t know. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: I think
    what Sebastian wanted to do, for a man, it’s the relationship
    with his father’s important. And what he becomes in life. And also with the
    mother, of course. But I think we wanted to
    talk about our fathers, only because it
    affected us greatly. And my dad had a
    huge effect on me. My mom had a huge
    effect on me, too. But my dad shot me. So it was a little bit of a
    different impact on my life. And I think that that was the
    same thing with Sebastian. Sebastian had a
    tough relationship. And Guillermo also had a
    pretty tough relationship with his father. So I think those things–
    our mothers were much– AUDIENCE: Nicer? BRENDAN O’BYRNE:
    Sometimes, yeah. GUILLERMO CERVERA: Yeah. Your mother is always with you. For me, my mother is an angel. And she died three years? Two years before the patrol. And she was always there. So I didn’t have
    to talk about her. Yeah. CARRIE LAURENO: Microphone? AUDIENCE: Really
    enjoyed the movie. Thank you so much
    for doing that. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Thank you. AUDIENCE: But the timing
    with the last question. So I actually had two questions. But my first one is
    what about the role of women in the military
    in light of your movie, in light of the reflections
    you just talked about? What about in the
    case of America, women entering the tip
    of the spear combat arms– infantry and
    armor– starting in 2016. What is the message
    that you have for the American population? And service members
    that are women that might want to enter the
    combat arms tip of the spear roles? And my second question. The only establishment
    that we saw you ever enter throughout the whole
    journey was a church. Why is that? SEBASTIAN JUNGER: I mean,
    we would go into diners and have a meal or
    whatever sometimes. It just wasn’t always
    that interesting. Churches were interesting to me. A, and particularly for me as
    an atheist– well, you saw. I really had never
    been to church. So I was sort of
    fascinated by them. On to the incredibly complicated
    question, your first question. I feel like the army
    has figured out how to turn front-line
    soldiers, how to turn young people into ideal
    front-line soldiers, right? But where their chances
    of survival are maximized. And I think for women
    to be in that position, they have to turn into
    the exact same thing. And so I think anyone has to
    turn into the exact same thing. I’m a civilian, right? I had to sort of turn into that. I just didn’t have a gun. I think in some ways
    if women can learn– and obviously,
    they can– if they can learn to think and
    react and act exactly like men in that
    situation, they’ll be fine. AUDIENCE: Brendan, I just
    wanted to add something to what the gentleman said
    over there about the EOD joke, about the t-shirt. I’m a Marine vet. Please don’t, like– I know
    I’m surrounded by soldiers, so I’ll watch what I say. BRENDAN O’BYRNE:
    You’re outnumbered. AUDIENCE: You’re not
    just bridging a gap. You’re not just
    telling your story. You’re saving lives. The stuff you guys went
    through over there. I can’t remember what I did with
    my Marines because of my TBI. And Marines don’t usually
    get this emotional. I’m sorry. But watching “Restrepo”
    and “Korengal” reminds me of what I lost. And when I want to end it
    all, that’s what I watch. So thank you. Thank you from the bottom
    of my fucking heart. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Thank you, man. Thank you. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Thank you. [APPLAUSE] CARRIE LAURENO: One last
    question, if there is one. AUDIENCE: I want to how
    we can help– Brendan, maybe you can answer this
    question– when you come back. I work for the VA. And what I see– this is
    my personal experience– is that we want to help, but
    the veteran says they want help, and they already don’t follow
    through with the action that we can offer. Not all veterans. I’m not saying that
    every single veteran. But some isolate themselves. We call them. We want them to come in. We even have programs where
    we actually go to their house. What can, not the
    VA, but anybody, do to a veteran who’s
    trying to seek assistance? Or even if they’re not
    trying to seek assistance, what can somebody do? BRENDAN O’BYRNE: That’s a
    really awesome question. And I’ve given that
    a lot of thought. There’s a lot of things. I’m an alcoholic, you know. And I go to AA every
    single morning. Because if I don’t
    go to AA, I drink. And alcoholism, you
    can’t have willpower. It’s not willpower. It’s not anything that
    saves you from alcoholism. It’s talking with
    other alcoholics on how they got sober. And something happens inside of
    AA that keeps me from drinking. I’ve had a year. I haven’t had a year
    since I was fucking 12. [APPLAUSE] Not even in combat. So something works inside AA. And I think– not comparing
    alcoholism to veterans, but– when you’re talking
    about serving in combat, I think the most important
    thing is, when you come home, is meeting up with
    other veterans. Other veterans. I’m never going to get
    better from alcoholism by seeking a shrink. That’s not going to help me. What’s going to help me is
    talking with other alcoholics. Same thing with veterans. Veterans aren’t going
    to have– there’s going to be certain things
    that you can get from a shrink, but the real healing is
    talking with another veteran. Saying, hey, what do
    you feel about this? And getting that honest answer. I think that is what’s going
    to save a lot of lives. And VA needs to start
    setting that up. Not even a counselor
    inside that setting. Just letting a
    veteran run group. Be a veteran-run group. Those are really
    important things. And then there’s also
    things like Outward Bound for veterans. Outward Bound for veterans. Has anyone heard of that? It’s an extremely
    cool organization. And you go a week-long
    trip with other veterans. And you get to go sailing. You get to go hiking. You get to dog sled, if
    you want to dog sled. You get to white water rafting. We went on white water rafting,
    me and 15 of my buddies I served with. And that was so good for me. And it’s completely
    free for the veteran through donations
    the country gives. So if you donate to this,
    you’re giving back to veterans. And it’s just this
    really great program. So I think things like that are
    going to help get veterans home and to connect with
    other veterans. I think that’s the key. I think that’s what’s
    going to save lives. It’s not going to
    be what the VA does. It’s going to be what veterans
    are doing for each other. If I saw– and I
    don’t care if it was a person I didn’t know–
    if there was a soldier wounded in front of me,
    inside combat, I would go in the middle of
    firefight and try to pull that person out. Because that’s
    what you do, right? So when you have someone
    inside your community that’s a veteran that’s
    having a hard time, and you’re a veteran, reach out. You would be doing it in combat,
    so what’s the difference here in the United States? There’s no difference. So I think that
    that reaching out is going to be the key
    to saving veterans. CARRIE LAURENO: What does that
    mean for civilians, right, like this gentleman and
    myself, and others who are here tonight, who want to do
    something to help and make it better? What role can we play? BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Supporting
    that stuff I’m talking about. CARRIE LAURENO:
    That environment. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yeah. CARRIE LAURENO: Where you
    guys can come together. BRENDAN O’BYRNE:
    Because you’re not going to– civilians,
    as much as you’re going to do to help
    welcome us home, you’re not going to help
    us with the deep trauma. Deep trauma, you’re going to
    talk with other veterans about. I could talk to
    you all day about how it felt to lose Restrepo. But until I talk to another
    veteran that has lost his best friend, it’s not
    going to matter. It’s going to matter. It’s going to feel
    great to talk about it. But that understanding
    is what’s key. Understanding and
    being understood is what’s healing
    about with trauma. CARRIE LAURENO: Which is why
    the last patrol was helpful. GUILLERMO CERVERA: That
    sharing with the people who have the same problem. Exactly what he had said. CARRIE LAURENO: Are you
    going to do it again? BRENDAN O’BYRNE:
    We keep doing it. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: We can’t stop. We keep going out there. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: We’re just
    not filming it any more. SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Now we
    bring– there’ no camera and there’s no funding,
    but we just keep going. CARRIE LAURENO: Can girls come? SEBASTIAN JUNGER: Yeah. We brought a woman. CARRIE LAURENO: Oh, you did. I have two final– SEBASTIAN JUNGER: And
    she brought the soap. Finally we had soap on a patrol. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: I had this
    one real funny thing real fast. We were walking down the–
    this is the funniest story. We were walking
    down in Wilmington, and we’re getting into
    the middle of the city. And this car pulls up. And this guy looks
    out of the window. And he’s like, hey,
    what are you guys doing? We’re like, oh,
    we’re walking to– SEBASTIAN JUNGER: He’s
    with his girlfriend. He’s with his girlfriend. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yeah. He’s with his girlfriend. And she’s driving. And he’s in the passenger seat. And we’re like, yeah, we’re
    walking to– at that point, we were walking
    to New York still. I was like, do you want to come? And he didn’t have anything. He didn’t have a
    backpack, nothing. And he starts getting
    out of the car. The girlfriend
    pulls him back in. So it’s appealing, I
    think, to a lot of people. CARRIE LAURENO: I have
    two final questions. Brendan, you had something,
    a piece of advice to share with the
    cadets as they embark on their military careers. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Yes, yes. One second. [INAUDIBLE] Yes. Money. That will help. I know there’s a few
    things that my leaders did that made them successful. And one of the main things
    that my lieutenants did that was really
    successful was that they listened to their sergeants. And I know that that’s
    drilled into cadets and drilled into cadets,
    but it’s so important. So when you go out
    into your units, listen to your sergeants. They know what to do. They will help you. They will be the ones
    that let you succeed. And also, the more I see
    the army and the military, I think it’s the more
    it’s becoming political. And it kind of upsets me. And sometimes lieutenants
    and leaders sometimes make the decision
    best for their career rather than for their soldiers. And I think it’s very
    important to realize that true leadership means
    that you put yourself second. You put everything in your life
    second to your men or women. And that is what leadership is. So when you’re put in a
    situation where it’s hard, and you figure, what’s
    the right answer? It’s always going to be
    soldiers underneath you, or the people underneath you. What is the best thing for them? I wish I could say
    that to the president. I wish I could say that to
    every leader in the world. Because true leadership means
    putting yourself second. So that’s the two things
    I really, really wanted to talk to you about. CARRIE LAURENO: Thank you. [APPLAUSE] As sad as it is, the
    reason that the four of us are actually on
    the stage tonight is because we are united
    by the death of our friends or the trauma of
    combat, and how it’s affected us in different ways. And as you know, I lost
    a loved one to the war in Afghanistan, which is how
    I got involved in supporting this community,
    when I previously had no ties whatsoever. You lost a friend. You guys deployed together,
    were embedded together. You lost a very close
    friend, and then met Sebastian, who was
    so close with Tim. And Sebastian loves you for
    being the person you are and the person
    you were with him, you must have been in that
    moment when he passed. So these silver linings
    become very, very clear and bright to me– that
    the reason all of us there are here tonight having
    this wonderful experience ahead of Veterans’ Day at
    Google is because of those traumatic and
    difficult situations. And so I just wanted
    to close by asking about Tim Hetherington,
    your dear friend. And all three of you
    knew him and loved him. The last time I was on
    this stage with Sebastian was when we screened
    “Restrepo” here. And Tim was in one of
    these chairs right here. And I wonder what he would say. What would he think about
    tonight and this conversation? And what would he say? SEBASTIAN JUNGER: I
    think about that a lot. I went on to make a film about
    him and his death and his work. And then I went back into
    the “Restrepo” material and made “Korengal.” And I had him in my mind. He shot a lot of that
    footage, obviously. And “The Last Patrol,”
    it happened in the form that it did partly because he
    was alive, and we were friends, and we had ideas together. And one of the
    ideas that popped up within our professional
    relationship was this idea. But it took this
    form because he died, and I was with these other guys. And I just have to
    think that he would be tremendous– If he
    somehow could know, right, somehow know that
    this trip happened as it did, and this evening was happening,
    he’d be a little puzzled. But I have to think he
    would be really incredibly affected by it. We’re all affecting– all of
    us, with or without our deaths– we’re all affecting so
    many people all the time. Hopefully in pretty good ways. And there aren’t
    many good things that come from people’s deaths. Obviously, we all know that. But this is, I think,
    maybe one of the very most powerful things that
    I’ve ever seen personally come from a tragedy, was this
    experience the four of us. And it’s weird. You don’t even know what to
    be grateful for, grateful to. But it’s tremendous, I think. CARRIE LAURENO: Guillermo? GUILLERMO CERVERA: Well,
    I met Tim in Libya. I was not really
    good friend of him. And I met him there. But we become, like, tight. These few days together. And I remember when he
    died, a rebel leader who was in the house where we were
    staying, he say, many times, this guy was a gentleman. This guy was a gentleman. And he was a gentleman. He act like a gentleman. He was a really nice person. You could see him
    deal with the people. He was a nice guy. I don’t know how he will have
    felt in front of America. But, of course, he will
    have made amazing pictures. I know. Because America
    is a place to get pictures, to get feelings,
    to get a lot of things out, good and bad. And when I finished my work
    of America with pictures, I was really surprised, because
    it’s one of my best works in all my career. Even I was in Afghanistan,
    all these crazy places. The work I can see
    more feelings is the one I made here in America. So I’m sure Tim will have
    done something similar. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: When I
    first got home, like I said, I was a really bad place. I was trying to get sober. And I was trying to get help. Tim offered up his place
    for me in Brooklyn. And he said, the one thing
    that I want you to do is not to drink. And within a week, I was drunk. And I realized at that moment
    that I really cared for Tim, and I couldn’t even hold
    that promise up to Tim. And it was like
    the first sign that to me, my whole entire
    life falling apart, that I had a serious
    alcohol problem. And I don’t know how he
    would feel about the film. But I know he would look at
    me and say, right on, man. You got a year. Awesome. And I think that he’d
    be very proud of us for doing what we did. CARRIE LAURENO: Thank you for
    sharing about your friend. This is wonderful. I’ve dad said it to
    you a hundred times, but I’m so grateful to you. We’re all so grateful to
    you for the work you’re doing to help us get
    these stories out as well. And for the healing
    that it’s given to all of us who are
    touched by any trauma that we’ve been
    through, whether we’ve gone to war or otherwise,
    being able to talk about it and share it with other people. And the example that you
    are setting by doing that is a true form of leadership. And we’re very, very
    grateful to all of you. Thank you for
    being here tonight. All of you. We wish you a happy
    early Veterans’ Day. Please come back and visit
    us at Google at any time. We love you guys. We love you gals. And we’re here to help,
    whether we served or not. There’s a whole bunch of us who
    have and a whole bunch of us who haven’t. But we’re figuring
    it out together. And you’re welcome
    here any time. Thanks, everybody. SEBASTIAN JUNGER:
    Thank you everybody. BRENDAN O’BYRNE: Thank you.

    Maintenance closes Roswell railroad crossings
    Articles, Blog

    Maintenance closes Roswell railroad crossings

    August 9, 2019


    Toy Trains in 1 Gauge at the Hamburg Model Railroad Museum
    Articles, Blog

    Toy Trains in 1 Gauge at the Hamburg Model Railroad Museum

    August 9, 2019

    [Music]. Today, we are visiting the large model railway
    layout inside the Museum of Hamburg History, Germany. Most people – in the context of Hamburg and
    model railway – are thinking about the great Miniature Wonderland, the largest model railway
    of the world. But many years before, a very large model
    railroad has been built in Hamburg. This model railroad wants to appear anything
    but commercial, but to present the railway history of Hamburg in an educational way. It is the 1 gauge railroad layout built by
    Germany’s first model railroad association in 1949. Let me tell you something about the history
    of this model train layout: The origin of this beautiful layout dates
    back in 1944, when the Director of the Museum of Hamburg History had the idea to establish
    an exhibition of Hamburg’s railway history. In order to show Hamburg’s railway history,
    a large exhibition hall inside the museum was chosen. And, a few years later, the idea of building
    a model railway layout came into reality. The members of Hamburg’s railroad association began to work. But note, this happened immediately after
    the Second World War. And, Germany was destroyed in ruins. Therefore, it is not a surprise that model
    railway friends from Sweden organized nearly 250 square meters of wood panels for the construction
    of the model railroad. After two years of construction, on October, 1949, the first layout of Hamburg’s model railroad was finished. However, over the years, there have been a
    number of smaller and even larger problems, but the analogue railway system was running for more than 40 years without a technical failure. In 1995, many parts of the first layout had
    failures. Locomotives and the rolling stock were also
    affected and had to be modernized. This is not surprising, because the rolling
    stock had travelled almost 6,000 kilometers along the model railway tracks. Anyway, the members of the railroad association
    were able to solve these problems successfully. But there was another big problem: The entire
    cabling of the model railroad had to be modernized. This problem was a disaster, because anyone,
    who builds model railroads, knows that there are numerous electrical cables and power connections
    that have to be installed along the tracks. It is a laborious work to fulfill this electrical
    installation. And, it was even more difficult to modernize
    the old electrical installation completely. But the members of the railroad association
    went to work again to restore the old railway layout. Old tracks were replaced by new tracks. The three-wire alternating power operation
    was switched to the two-wire DC operation. As a result, of course, all locomotives, passenger
    wagons and freight cars had to be retrofitted. Furthermore, the analogue model railroad control
    had to be exchanged. A full digital solution, which we know on
    the market today, was not used at that time, because hundreds or thousands of decoders
    had to be installed inside the rolling stock. But a very good solution was offered at that
    time by the computer-aided model railroad control of the company Gahler & Ringstmeier
    from Germany. With the Gahler & Ringstmeier system defined
    routes are stored for each model train. And, the current position of all available
    model trains is also monitored. However, in December 1996, this mammoth work
    was completed. Years later, the modernization of the railroad
    layout could be continued. New sections, new landscapes, and new railway
    stations were installed. And, the catenary was modernized, too. Finally, today’s concept of the modernized
    and expanded railroad layout, is to present 100 years of railway history in Hamburg, Germany. This includes all trains of passenger and
    freight transport, from Prussian wagons to the new ICE high-speed train. Today, visitors of the Museum of Hamburg History
    enjoy 115 vehicles, including 60 steam locomotives, 13 electric locomotives, 26 diesel locomotives,
    4 electric tramways as well as 12 diesel railcars, and much more. There are 185 passenger cars, and 380 freight
    cars. Since the opening of the model railroad layout
    in October 1949, this model train show was built by members of Hamburg’s model railroad
    association, and today it is still supervised by members of Hamburg’s railroad association. The exhibition takes 600 square meters. The model railway layout itself, has a size
    of 250 square meters. With a track length of more than 1,200 meters,
    there is a lot to discover on the left and right of the railway lines. Please, enjoy these toy trains, and visit for more information. Thank you.

    Did Tom and Jerry Kill Themselves?
    Articles, Blog

    Did Tom and Jerry Kill Themselves?

    August 9, 2019

    Helloooo, I’m the Nostalgia Critic. Yeah, I remember it, so you don’t have to. A while ago, an article appeared online, making the very grim claim that in the last episode of Tom and Jerry, they apparently commited suicide. If you search the Internet even more, you’d find there’s actually a lot of articles claiming the same thing. That in the last animated short by Hanna-Barbera, the episode grimly ends with them sitting on the railroad tracks waiting for death to take them. This couldn’t possibly be true, could it? But upon more research, you’d find that some channels have banned the episode and, even to this day, it gets few, if any, showings on American TV. Holy shit! This might actually be legit! Did the world’s most hilariously violent team-up end their days in the most disturbing way possible? I mean, we all know we’d see them in other projects and even some where we *wish* they were dead, but did the original creators, Hanna-Barbera, really do this to them? Did Hanna-Barbera really do something so terrible to two of their most famous icons? Sort of. There’s a bit more to the story. The episode in question is called “Blue Cat Blues”. And yes, it does open up with Tom sitting on the railroad tracks, waiting to be run over. Jerry watches, shaking his head, and, through inner monologue, gives us the story. Apparently, Tom and Jerry used to be the best of friends – but don’t worry, they still get smashed up pretty good – until a female comes into their lives and ruins everything. Tom falls in love, pushing Jerry aside, but then she falls in love with another cat. Tom does everything to try and win her back – even selling an arm and a leg for her – but absolutely nothing works. Eventually, she ends up getting married to the other cat, resulting in Tom being so beaten and torn that he lays himself on the tracks. Jerry, of course, justifies what a perfect relationship he’s got, only to find out his girlfriend as well ran off with someone else. Resulting in him asking Tom if he can scoot over a bit. Uhm… dem dames, eh?! Bros before… animalised, kind of humanistic hoes? Okay, so there’s a few angles to come at this from. One: Tom and Jerry have been squashed, smashed, beaten, hit with every object you can imagine. I think it’s more than likely they would survive the train. But then again, a flexible reality can go both ways. The Addams Family, for example, have done a lot that would obviously kill them but a bullet from the gun or threat of electrocution apparently are fatal blows. You could also make the argument that their acceptance of their doom is what suddenly launches them into reality. Grey area, to be sure, but there’s also the fact that Tom and Jerry’s timeline doesn’t follow that much continuity. Every episode is a little different. The house looks a little different, the owner is a little different… Hell, Jerry’s adopted son Nibbles is left on his doorstep God knows how many times. What, does he just keep sending him back after every adventure? That’s kinda douchey. So, again, kind of a flexible reality. Most importantly, though, well, this is one of the final episodes. It’s not THE final episode. The final episode is actually called “Tot Watchers”. And they don’t commit suicide, they look after a baby. A fucking baby! A touch less depressing, don’t you think? In fact, Hanna-Barbera still had two years of cartoons that came out after the supposed last episode. So it’s pretty obvious this was meant not to be the end for our depressed duo. So, then, why the controversy of their banning from other channels? Well, because Tom and Jerry ending their lives is kind of a f**king downer. People’s sensitivities have changed over time to race, gender, and yes, even some forms of violence. Now, that’s not to say people haven’t also died from shootings and falling off high places and so forth, but the tone is still kept pretty upbeat, and in a different reality. This, though still the punchline of the joke, is pretty heavy to watch for two main characters we know and love so much. Though again, I argue not quite as hard to watch as this. Rated G, by ass! It should be NC-17! I remember seeing this episode when I was a little kid and I wasn’t at all disturbed by it. I got the joke. Jerry thinks he’s being above it all, and that could never happen to him, and when it does happen to him, he comedically does the exact same thing. But, as much as I love grim humour, not every little kid is going to get it and could easily take it too seriously. Hell, if the Internet has shown us anything is that even *adults* can take it too seriously! So, did Tom and Jerry commit suicide in the last episode? Not really. We never see them get axed off, they survive much worse, it’s obviously the punchline of the joke and, most importantly, they had about a dozen cartoons after this one! If this demonstrates anything is that we’ve grown more sensitive to certain jokes in connection with certain characters. A suicide joke in an episode of Louie wouldn’t be that big of a deal, but in Tom and Jerry, eehh, many people can get uncomfortable. But, in turns of any grand shocking ending people are looking for, it’s certainly not here. It’s a funny little episode with what they thought at the time was a funny little ending. In the end, it’s not as epic or gothic as many would suspect, it’s just a silly joke about obsessing over romance. And really, when is anything related to romance in the media ever caused anybody to commit suicide? Don’t you believe it!

    Great Railway Journeys of the World: Coast to Coast – Golden Spike Sequence
    Articles, Blog

    Great Railway Journeys of the World: Coast to Coast – Golden Spike Sequence

    August 9, 2019

    Ladies and gentlemen. On behalf of the officials of both railroads, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific, I bid you welcome. We are met today to commemorate
    the completion of a project which is a remarkable example of the vision, the determination, and the labor
    of thousands of men in a union which this day shall be consummated forever. We are assembled here
    to link the ends of the earth, to complete a new and shorter route
    between Europe and the Orient, and to join the raw riches of the American West with the finished products of our industrial East. It’s also noteworthy that the Pacific Railroad
    was completed six years ahead of the time allotted for its construction.
    How ’bout that, yeah! The brains, the sweat, and the muscle of
    thousands of men have joined in this great venture under the guidance of Almighty God. But it is with profound sorrow that we remember and pay homage to the hundreds of men who, in completion of the Pacific Railroad, gave their lives. I should like to draw to your attention this spike. On three of the sides are the
    names of railroad officials and on the fourth side is this sentence: “May God continue the unity of our country as this railroad unites
    the two great oceans of the world.”