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    Paranormal Encounters Home Sweet Haunted Home
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    Paranormal Encounters Home Sweet Haunted Home

    February 21, 2020


    (ominous music) (ominous music continues) (clattering) (clattering continues) (ominous tones) (clattering continues) (door creaks) (door latches) (gentle banging) (tense music) – All right guys, I guess we’re
    back from the first episode, and this is my wife Jessica and I’m Tyler. We’ve actually probably had a good bit of stuff happen since the last time, we had the last episode
    with Connor and them. I’d have to say since then, there was two main things
    that happened to me, and I will say, I have not
    been completely convinced, but things keep happening
    that just are unexplainable, and I feel like every time that
    I say that I don’t believe, or I don’t recognize that
    something’s going on, it’s like… – It shows out. – She definitely does something, and I say she because I 100% believe, if it is something, it’s a woman, because of the way that she shows herself to me,
    I guess you would say. Not shows herself to me,
    but just in what happens. – Make things happen. – I mean I guess what I would have to say is I was actually in our
    big jacuzzi tub one night, and just laying there
    listening to my phone, and Jessica was actually
    outside in the garage, and the kids were all in bed, and I’m just laying
    there relaxing one night, and then all of a sudden
    the toilet flushes, and I sit up out of the tub, and I’m looking around just
    thinking what in the world? Did a kid just run out? Did somebody come down here? Nobody was in the room, I had the door shut to the bathroom, and I just had this eerie
    feeling come over me, and as I’m looking around the room, the rod for the blinds is swinging back and forth on the thing. It scared me so much that I
    called Jessica from the bathroom to come back into the house, because it freaked me out so bad. Then that night, after I’d finally calmed down from that, gotten out of the tub, me
    and Jessica were talking, Finley had called me
    upstairs for something. As soon as I walk in his room up there, it was just like, the shade just went all the
    way up and started rolling. And it scared me so bad, again, that I started screaming
    for Jessica downstairs. I was hyperventilating a little bit, because normally I’m not,
    and that’s what I’m saying, I think because of the last time, I don’t know if I’m looking
    for these things more now, or if she, here I said she again because, or if she’s saying,
    “Hey, I’m really here”, but she’s definitely, I feel like, has made herself more known since then. – And that was on a Saturday
    night, and then Sunday morning, we were up getting ready for church. I was standing in the sun room doing my makeup at the little table. He, I think, had gone to get his clothes out of the laundry room, is walking back through
    the kitchen and as he did, we had one candle on an old– – Silver.
    – Silver tray, and it completely exploded. The glass, the wax went everywhere, and again, at first he was like “Oh that happens all the time, “candles explode all the time,” and then I look it up
    and we both research it, look it up, candle explosions– – Well I’m trying to prove to her that candles explode. (laughing) – It doesn’t happen. – I could not find anything. We’ve seen videos of– – The frame blowing up but. – Kind of doing a bit
    flame out over everything. – Not the actual glass exploding. So that was fun. – [India] So if there is something here, would you want it to leave you alone? Would you want it to leave the house? – I think as long as it
    stayed to what is happening– – Yeah, we’re good with that. – Because again, we don’t feel– – Threatened. – Threatened– – Or scared.
    – I’ve never felt intimidated. – Uneasy about it. – We’ve never felt, that’s where I feel like it would be crossing the line. If something flew across the room, or something touched me, or
    I actually saw something, that might be a different scenario. I don’t know, just
    because one of my things was being blurred out last time, and that kind of stuff is because it’s protection of your kids. You have things going on,
    and you just don’t want to, so I guess it was would
    be one of those things that you just let it
    go until you feel like. I just hope it would
    never get to that point. I mean Jessica, at the same time, we laugh, when she’s cleaning the house and doing that kind of
    stuff, she just laughs and says “Okay Bertha, I’m taking care “of the house for you,” so
    you know what I’m saying? – I’m just the maid. – Just that kind of stuff. She says “I’m just the maid,
    just leave me alone.” (laughs) – I was here by myself yesterday. (tense music) And there are a couple times that I felt like oh gosh, I
    hear something upstairs, but I kind of also have heard it so much, it’s kind of like I don’t
    even hear it anymore. I’ll pick up on something, but it’s almost so common now that we just
    don’t even think about it. – Stuff like that definitely
    happens all the time. – Oh and I did, I forgot about this, I told India that, when we put the kids camera upstairs, the one in
    the playroom and it set– – Oh yeah, I forgot all about that. – And it did not record, and that was what made it even weirder. We set the camera up
    there, just so we’d know if the kids got up, came downstairs, it sends a notification to our phone that movement has happened. We were sitting outside
    and I got a notification on my phone, it’s a little bit delayed, and so I click on the
    recording, there’s nothing. I flip it back over to the live video, and I swear to you it looked like smoke or something was coming up the stairs, and then just went into Tucker’s room, and then that was it. But the camera did not record. It picked up the movement, I got the notification for the ding, but it never recorded, which made me, and I really thought I was going crazy, because I was like there’s
    no way I just saw that. There’s no way I just saw that. But I did. (laughing) – And I think you asked then too what would I like to
    know, and just sitting here thinking, I don’t
    know if y’all have watched that episode, I don’t know who you are out there or whatever, but if you watch the end of that episode, even living here, that India is where I start getting a little like what in the world is that? I think that’s what I would like to know. Honestly–
    – Because it’s so crazy. – I would like to know what or who was messing with that camera that night, because it sounds like somebody was shuffling through drawers, opening, shutting the door. You hear somebody walk at one point. I mean it is clear enough that you cannot say that it was anything else. The more you listen to
    it, it is definitely somebody rummaging through something. There was nobody in the house– – Nobody ever was.
    – We’d cut all the power off, y’all
    left the camera there, and that would be what I wanna know. What was going on later on
    that night after we all left? – [India] Are you ready? – Yep.
    – I’m ready. Let’s do it. – Let’s do it. (tense music) – We’re not setting up the portal, because last time we
    got such great responses through this that we want to try it again. This time we’re startin’ in the kitchen. We never did a portal session in the kitchen last
    time, but this is where we heard the smashing sound, so. Let’s hope we get something. – [Connor] So Tyler,
    Jessica, who are they? – [Together] This is Michelle – and Michael. – [Tyler] And Michael. – These are our best friends. – Michelle’s actually experienced the footsteps a few times
    when she was over here. – And Michael got an uneasy feeling. – We brought Michael
    and Michelle over here when we first bought the house to actually come do this, stay in the dark a little bit to make sure it didn’t give us a spooky feeling. Michael would not stay in the house, he had to go back outside. – Yeah, I wasn’t staying
    in there after that, especially the chair. – Yeah, he didn’t like the chair that we found in the attic. – In the attic. – Just sitting by itself in the attic. (ominous music) – [Tyler] We went into the
    attic space that’s upstairs, there’s the little door, and there was a yellow tufted Victorian chair in the attic, all alone, and then we tried to actually take the chair out, and it would not come out the door. I actually had to take all the trim off around the door to be
    able to get the chair out. So we still have all been trying to figure out why the chair was in the attic in the first place, because it’s a beautiful chair. – It’s a creepy chair. (Tyler laughing) And I don’t care for the chair. – [India] I’ll set the
    camera facing up the stairs. – [Connor] Is there anybody in this house? We were here last time,
    and you spoke a lot, are you still with us? (paranormal mumbling) – [Tyler] Remember. Was it remember? – Could have been. – All right I said I
    wasn’t gonna do this again, and here we are. – [Ominous Voice] Yes. – She’s answering you. (chuckles) – Why do you like Tyler in the bath tub? – I’m listenin’. Who broke the glass in
    this kitchen last time? (woman responds) Me? – I heard something– – It did sound like me– – It said “me.” – She said “me.” – She did. – Why did you break the
    glass in the kitchen? – So who is me? What is your name? (ominous mumbling) (masculine paranormal tones) (woman yells ominously) – [Connor] Well that was weird. – [Michael] That was.
    – She was yelling. Are you there? We can hear you. Can you yell as loud as you can? (mumbling continues) I’m gonna need you to help me here. (mumbles louder) I don’t know what that said. (woman yells) – That was our lady. – There you are. – That’s her. – There you are you gotta speak clearer. (woman responds) – That was the same voice as last time. – Is your name Bertha? – Or Martha? (a voice responds) – 42? – [Michael] Got the power of 42. – Is that how old you are? (woman responds) – [Connor] I heard that woman at the end. – [Paranormal Man] That was Betty. – That was something. – That was Betty, yeah he said that twice. – That was something. Can you say Tyler’s name? – I’m listening for you, can you say it? – [India] Are you able to
    show yourself on the stairs? I have a camera, we’ll be able to see you if you show yourself. Walk down the stairs, or up the stairs. (woman vocalizes) Give us a wave. (man responds) (all gasp) – What was that? I’m not listening to you– – [Connor] Oh my god
    Tyler, it sounded like it said your name but it said
    something else about you. – Listening? Listening to you? – That was– these are full sentences– – I just got the cold
    chills ’cause I thought I heard it, but I wasn’t sure. – [Connor] Yeah, yeah it said your name. – [Michael] Why do you
    like the bathroom so much? (woman responds) – I’m gettin’ that feeling again. – Who flushed the toilet
    while Tyler was taking a bath? (unclear response) – Do you watch me? – [Paranormal Man] Sure. – Sure. – [Connor] Yeah I heard sure too. (crosstalk) – [Connor] Yup I can hear
    in the headphones back here. Sure. – Okay, if you watch me,
    why– why are you watching us? (woman responds) – I’m old? That was the man who said “Sure.” (woman interjects) (man responds) – We want you to let her speak. – It said something should shut up. It sounded like. – Yeah. – [Michelle] There’s one angry person. – So it’s– somebody who’s swearing, but it’s a lot easier when you go back and watch the video. You can actually hear what’s being said. In the moment, everybody
    hears different things. (all agree) – Were y’all fighting? Is that why something
    broke in the kitchen? (man responds) – They didn’t fight, is that what he said? – I don’t– – That’s what it sounded like. – Yeah. – [Michael] I thought I heard “they did.” – So if they didn’t fight, what happened? (man responds) – [All] You know? – [Michael] I heard you know, too, yeah. – What do I know? What am I supposed to know? – [Jessica] That they did it. That’s what we know. – That they did what? – That they wrecked the– the candle. – Can you blow this candle out? Right now? – [Michael] Don’t blow it up right now. – [India] Don’t blow it
    up, just blow it out. If you blow it up, we’re leaving and we’re not gonna talk to you again. (soft response) (gasp) – [Connor] Did you hear that? – [India] No. – [Connor] When I have these headphones in I can hear some really–
    I can hear everything. – [Michael] Yeah. – [Connor] Sounds spooky. – [Michael] Yeah. – [Connor] Holy cow. – Let me know that you’re here right now. (man responds) – Why? – [Michael] Why? – We just want to know that
    you can hear our voices. (man responds) – But you can something. (man continues unclearly) – What makes it easier for you? Did you feel something? – I did. – [Michelle] I did too. Back of my hair was standing up. – Yeah.
    – I just– – [Connor] What happened? – It almost like it went this way. – Mhm. I felt it. She felt it. He felt it. – If you need to, you can
    use my energy to talk. – What do you want to show us? Is there something you
    want to tell us or show us? (woman responds) – [Together] What do you think! – That was so clear. – What do you think? You told us there was 5
    people here last time. Is there more? (woman responds) – [Michael] I heard four. (man responds) – [All] Five. – So apparently there’s five. – Five, so it’s definitely– – How long have y’all been here? – One died in the bed. (unclear response) – [Together] I did. – Okay– – There’s a woman. – She, the woman– (woman responds) Yup what happened to you? Did you live here? – [Michael] Was anyone murdered? (man responds) – [Connor] I think we should move rooms. – Yeah it’s dying down a bit. – It said the living room, didn’t it? – Yeah, we should go down there. – What is the, but wait a second though, I know you’re gonna think this is crazy. – What? – I don’t– why do I have an– feel like I’m gonna cry right now? – That’s how I felt when– especially– – [Michael] All right. I don’t know. – I’m serious, I’m feeling
    something like right now. – [Michelle] I feel like
    there’s some aggression. – You okay? – I’m not okay, but what
    I was gonna say is– – [India] They can affect you. When it’s happening to me, I start crying. – I am seriously, you can tell in my face. Okay. I don’t think the living room
    though is the living room. The living room was our bedroom. I think that’s what’s kinda
    bothering me a little bit. – Uh huh they did put
    that living room up there. – I think the living room was
    not the den that is it is now, I can feel it going away. I can feel– – [India] You want to
    go up to your bedroom? – I can feel my whole body
    lettin’ up all of a sudden but that is so weird. – [Michelle] So you think
    the living room isn’t– – That’s our bedroom. – The bedroom, but that scares me because I’ve never felt– I’ve never felt anything in there. That’s been my one safe spot and I’m scared like I feel like I just had this feeling come over
    me when I thought about– – [Michelle] Well you would
    know something if you did. – Yeah especially like
    when we nap during the day. – [India] But the living room, they might want to go in there ’cause they’ve got guests over and they’re like, that’s the space. – Well that’s true. (mumbling) – [Connor] You okay Tyler? – No he’s not okay ’cause
    he’s never done this before. – [Michelle] Need some
    sage before I go home. – [Connor] He’s never– – He’s never like cried out of nowhere. – No that was– that’s really weird like I just feel this– – [India] That’s what happened
    to me when I went to that– – I don’t know what I feel right
    now, to be honest with you. But when I thought– I don’t know. – [Connor] With the emotions running high, we decided to take a break. However, the house had other ideas. – [Tyler] What was that? – [Michelle] Something
    is going down the stairs. – [Connor] Hello? – [Tyler] Did somebody just knock? – [Connor] Can you make a noise again? – [Tyler] Somethin’ just moved upstairs. – [Connor] Hello? (Tyler shushing) If somebody’s upstairs,
    can you make a noise? Can you move something? – [Tyler] Talk to us. That’s crazy I swear I heard something. – [Connor] What did you hear? – I don’t know. It was just, I couldn’t make
    it out if it was foot step or like– it almost sounded like a roll. You know, I don’t know
    how to describe that, you know what I mean? – [Connor] No I kinda get
    what you’re saying, yeah. – Not like a full step,
    but almost like a– I don’t know but something
    sounded like a knock at first. – [Connor] Yeah I did hear that. – Or walking down the stairs, something. I don’t know what that was
    if it was a knock or step. I don’t know what that was. – [Connor] To further the investigation, we decided to split up by flipping a coin to determine who would stay upstairs and who would go down stairs. Jessica, Michael, Michelle,
    and myself flipped upstairs while Tyler and India flipped down stairs. – [Michael] Yeah sorry
    it’s just not easy being in this house, I don’t care. – We didn’t do Tucker’s room last time. We filmed in Fin’s and River’s
    but didn’t do Tucker’s. – That’s the room that’s got
    the darn roll and crawl space. – [Connor] All right let’s go in here. – So we’re in the kitchen which is where the glass was smashed last time, well we couldn’t find the glass but that’s what it sounded like. (thump) Yeah that’s all upstairs. – I felt like I just heard. We’re down here and, we flipped heads so why are we down here? What did you want to show me and India? Are you with us? It’s quiet, it’s eerily
    quiet all of a sudden. – I don’t feel anything. – Huh-uh, I don’t either. Yeah, why can we not hear them at all now? Maybe they’ve gone quiet. – The dogs are quiet, everything’s quiet. – Let’s go in the bathroom. – Okay, oh yes, yeah. (India laughs) – All right, we’re gonna
    have you sit in the bathtub. – [Tyler] Somethin’ just– did you hear it? – [India] Like across the floor? – Yup. – [India] Yeah. Like something sliding? – Yeah this is the room that didn’t– – [Connor] So how this
    works is the REM pod creates an electromagnetic
    field around the antenna. So what it does is– (rapid beeping) Like what it’s doin’ that. – [Michael] Why is it doin’ that? – [Jessica] Because there’s
    something right here. (Connor chuckling) Okay. – [Connor] All right
    can you step away from that door way, please? (rapid beeping continues) – [Jessica] Okay. – [Connor] Why is it going off? – [Michael] It is flickering like crap. – [Connor] Yeah that light’s flickering. Hold on here. – [Jessica] Did we need a new battery? – [Connor] I don’t think so. – [All] No. – [Connor] I think India
    put the new battery in it. – [Jessica] Okay. – [Connor] Hold on, what– Okay, stop making that light go off. – [Jessica] We know you’re here. Thank you. You can step away from it. – [Michael] Yes. (beeping stops) I’m sorry if I pissed you off. (beeping resumes but much slower) (beeping halts) – [Jessica] Thank you. Now can you touch it again? (two beeps) – [Connor] Thank you. – [India] The REM pod is going off. – Where’s it at?
    – [India] Upstairs. Here go sit in the bath. – Oh I’m scared. (both chuckle) – [India] I’m gonna stay in here. All right. So this is where you were taking a bath and the toilet flushed? – Yeah this is where, so I was in the tub, in the bath, and the
    toilet over here flushed but the rod on the blinds is what was shaking back and forth. – [India] If you’re in
    here can you let us know? I can hear glass tinkling. (high pitched grumble) That was my stomach. But I can hear glass
    tinkling in the kitchen. – What do you wanna show me? Why do you… – [India] Maybe that’s
    the REM pod I’m hearing. – Why do you want to, is there something you want to show me, is that why you keep messing with me? – [Connor] Look at this. How close I have to get to this. – [Jessica] It was on top of it. – [Michael] Yeah it was goin’ crazy. Let me find out. Yep. – [Michelle] Oh wow. – [Jessica] All right. Well do you wanna move
    it towards the attic? – Like move it towards the attic door? – Sure. It’s dying Connor. – [Connor] Means it’s dying? Well you are pretty near it. – Am I? – [Connor] Yeah whenever
    you’re holding it, it does go off. See. – [Jessica] Okay. Can you make that light light up again? – [Michael] What if we open that down, no, never mind, that was a bad idea. – All you have to do is touch it. – [Connor] You wanna open
    it? I’ll go in there. – [Michael] No I don’t
    wanna open the door, man. – Here I’ll make the– – [Michelle] Oh my word. – [Connor] I’ll go in there. – [Michelle] Oh my word. – [Michael] Oh Connor I’m telling you. – [Michelle] He straight with you girl. – [Connor] This is where. – [Michael] I’m gonna open
    this darn thing for ya, and then I’m gonna back up, ’cause I don’t like, all right this is what really made me feel weird. – [Connor] This is where the chair was in that Jessica and Tyler got out, right? – Yes it used to be back in there about 15 feet back in there. – [Michelle] And this is the
    room I’ve heard the footsteps sittin’ in the living room, so. – [Connor] Are you, oh you all right? – [Jessica] Yeah, just hit
    my head on that, I’m fine. – [Connor] Are you in the attic? Crawl space? – [Michael] Can you see back in there? – [Connor] Yeah. – [Michael] Like it was
    back in there like… – [Jessica] All the way in the back. – [Michael] Yeah all the way in the back, like just sitting there upright. It was the creepiest thing just
    seeing this chair by itself. – [Jessica] And there’s a metal bed. I don’t know if it’s
    still back there or not. – [Michael] Why is it not going off? It was goin’ crazy. (Connor grunting) – [Connor] All right I’m
    in the attic with you. – [Michael] Wow you can
    almost stand up in there. – [Connor] Hey did you breathe? Pretty heavy? – [Jessica] No. – [Connor] Okay. Is there anybody back here with me? Can you light this thing up? – [Michael] If that thing starts goin’ off I’m running to the car. (Connor laughs) – So I feel like, like I was saying that this is the living room, and I feel like we did
    say living room earlier or we heard you say that, are you, are you in here? Are you with us? Do you talk to Jessica while I’m not here? It’s too loud. – Yeah. – [Michael] Let’s go outside and do that. Shew. Freaky upstairs. Old house. – [Connor] After saying good
    bye to Michael and Michelle, we decided to completely
    cut the power to the house and sit it silence for a while in order to pay close
    attention to the noises we were hearing. – It’s just us now and we want to communicate with you respectfully. So if you are here, we can hear you. Make a noise, move something. – Do you hear the footsteps? – Walking. Are you upstairs? – [Connor] It was at
    this point in the night that we decided to conduct an experiment never before performed
    on Paranormal Encounters. So India is in the other room. She’s got headphones on. With the spirit box, right here. And what she’s gonna be doing is, we’re going to run the spirit box, we’re going to be the
    ones asking questions, Tyler, Jessica, myself
    will be asking questions and India will be in
    here answering anything that she hears some
    through the spirit box. She won’t be able to hear our questions, so if we do get responses that do match up to the questions that we are asking, that makes it a little bit more definitive ’cause she’s not influenced
    by anything that we’re asking. So, let’s get started. (ominous bass tone) – Are you in the kitchen? – You already knew. – [Connor] (gasps) She
    said “You already knew.” – So you’re in the kitchen? – We hear you. – You was crammed in a small box. – Small box where? – [Connor] Guys I’m hearing
    glass or something tapping. – Yeah. – Scratching. Why were you crammed in a small box? – One. – What was in a box? – Is there somethin’ he
    wants to find in this house? Is that what it is? – Her story. (gasps) – Her story. – Oh my God. – What story? – What story? What do you want us to tell? – We will tell your story. – [Connor] Are you buried
    somewhere near this house? – I’m telling you. – Okay so tell me. – [Jessica] We’re listening. – How are you? – I’m great. How are you? – Well, thank you. – No way. – [Connor] She can’t hear us. – So am I finally speaking to you? – Paranormal. – Please tell us your name. – That isn’t yours. You stole it. – Did I steal your chair? – [Tyler] (whispering) You stole it. Wait. – The house? – Wait, wait. Are you trying
    to tell us your story? He stole it? – Or we stole it? – [Connor] I wonder if
    the chair belongs to it. – Yeah but wait. She said to tell, she
    wanted us to, her story. Okay, she just said. – Find us. – Find you where? Are you upstairs or down stairs? – I’m here. – [Connor] And she said “I’m here.” – I can hear you. – We hear you. – Missus. – Mrs. What, tell us your name. – Well. – Mrs. Well? – Henry. – Henry? – [Connor] It’s the turtle. His name is Henry, then why is it a woman? – Well, Mrs. Well. Tell me where to find you. – In the well. – Intoxicated. – [Both] Intoxicated. – In the well. – Pencil. – (hesitantly) In the
    well that we covered up. – Good boy. – [Connor] Wait, you guys had an old… – We covered up a well. – Yeah. – And you. – [Connor] What? – [Jessica] Yeah it was the fire pit. – Stop stop stop stop,
    because we’re trying. We’ll tell her. – [Connor] Wait, is it… – Listen. – [Jessica] We’re listening. – Shh! – [Connor] You guys I’m hearing… – Somebody’s upstairs. – He’s me. – He’s me? – [Connor] So she’s pretending to be… – Owner. – Owner? Were you the owner? – [Connor] I’m gonna freak out if guys find a body in the well. – Are you on the property? Not the house? – I’ve lost… something. – Are you lost? Are you lost outside? – Pain. – [Connor] I’m getting cold chills. – Your loss. – Your loss. – Okay so I’m coming there. – Okay I’m just gonna tell you. – [Jessica] That almost made me cry. – Why? – [Tyler] You answered us directly. – [Jessica] A couple of times. – [Tyler] A couple of times. – [Jessica] And then you
    said the Missus and well? – Mrs. Well, we covered a well up and then story you said tell her story. – [Connor] They covered a well. – [Together] We covered a well outside. – [Connor] Could somebody really be buried in the well this family covered up? Or is it the spirit of
    someone who died there, still thinking they are
    trapped beneath the surface? To conclude the investigation, we made one last attempt
    to communicate upstairs, but it seemed as though
    the house has gone asleep. Although much of the history
    of this peculiar home still remains unknown, it seems as though we are slowly beginning
    to unravel its secrets. One thing we know for sure, we are far from finished
    with this location. In this haunted house in
    upstate South Carolina, the shadows of history
    pass you in the halls. Unseen hands reach out to welcome you. And footsteps of those
    who once walked there still echo alongside your own. – So back here last time is where I had probably kind of my
    most profound experience I’ve had to date, and it never made it into the last episode because the camera audio
    couldn’t pick it up. But we were in the kitchen which is just on the back of the house here, and all the power was off. As you can see like
    around there’s just trees, there isn’t anybody around here. And we were standin’ in the
    kitchen and all of a sudden you could hear a man talking. – See what I’m saying
    how much creepier like– you can’t see out those windows now. – [Connor] I’m only able to
    see the screen right now. – It is so dark in this house. I don’t know, what do y’all wanna do? Go upstairs or back in the dining room? – [India] I don’t know. – [Tyler] Do you hear talking? – [India] Somebody’s talking to the dog! Somebody just spoke to the dog. There’s gotta be somebody out there. – [Jessica] And then the
    puppy starts barking, but Quinn’s been silent the whole time. (clicks) – [Tyler] What was the clicking? – [Connor] Yeah what was that? – [Tyler] I heard a clear clicking. – [Connor] Power’s all off. – [Tyler] Yeah I shut the main off. – [Jessica] I’m gonna go lock the doors. – [India] What’s that? – That’s the cat. – Oh. (chuckles) – [Jessica] Was it? – [Connor] Did you…? – [Tyler] That sounded like whistling. – [Connor] I just was gonna say a whistle. – [India] Yes I heard it. – [Connor] That is a whistle. (ominous tone)

    How I Got Started As A Real Estate Investor
    Articles, Blog

    How I Got Started As A Real Estate Investor

    February 20, 2020


    Hey, my name is Joe Crump. I’ve gotten a lot of emails asking me to
    tell my story, a little bit about how I got into real estate investing, and how this process
    works, some of the things I’ve been through, some of the experiences that I’ve had and
    mistakes that I’ve made over the years. And a little bit about that I’m doing right
    now. I started real estate investing back in 1986. I was working in Los Angeles on film crews
    and I’d gone to film school and I got a degree in filmmaking and I wanted to do that
    for a living. And I was working on these crews as a grip. I was making about $60,000 a year working
    as a grip, a union grip, a union that’s now defunct called NABAD. And we did lighting. Basically, we were the ones, you know, tugging
    around the, we’d mold and shape the lighting in a film
    So, one day I was sitting on the dolly with the first camera assistant and he was telling
    me about his house that he owned there in Los Angeles that had gone up in value that
    year more than both he and I had made in that year. And I said, wait – you just own this property
    and it’s gone up in value and you’ve made this much money just because you own the property? And he said, yeah. I said, I’ve got to look into this. So I started asking everybody I knew about
    houses and real estate and I started looking at the market. And the market was crazy good back then. This was in, you know, the late eighties of
    Los Angeles. It was just booming. It was a bubble market. And so I started, I decided was going to buy. And I bought my first house out in Lancaster. I didn’t know what I was doing, I didn’t
    know what I was going to do with the property. I didn’t want to live in it. It was an hour away from where I lived. But I knew that I could afford it, I could
    qualify for the property. It was a, I don’t know, about $100,000,
    $106,000, something like that, was the value of it at the time. And I was able to get a mortgage on it because
    I had a good job and it took them four months to build. And during that four months that it took to
    build, it went up about 25% in value so now it was worth $125,000, $130,000. So, I said, you know, I can put a tenant in
    here, but I could also just sell it. So I turned around and immediately sold this
    brand new construction home. A real estate agent did it for me and we sold
    it and I ended up walking away with about $20,000 in profits, which I thought, this
    is cool. I didn’t really do anything to make this
    happen and I just made $20,000. It would have taken me a third of a year to
    make that in my regular job. So I immediately took that money and I thought,
    oh, which if I bought a property that was under market value? What if I bought a property that maybe needed
    some fix up, and I could fix up and add value to it? So, I bought another property. This time it was a VA foreclosure. I got another loan and did it again. And this time I made about $40,000. Fixed it up, my girlfriend at the time who’s
    now my wife, she and I fixed up the property and we turned around and sold that property
    and I made another chunk of money. And then I started buying more properties. We bought some properties out in San Bernardino. And then I got an opportunity to start building
    properties. And we decided, okay, let’s build properties
    up in the Hollywood Hills. And we started building these beautiful, you
    know, 5,000 and 6,000 square foot houses that were anywhere from, I don’t know, $500,000
    to about $1.7M in value. So we built these big houses. And within three years I had about $17M worth
    of properties and with a good deal of equity in those properties. But, when 1990 came around, the markets dropped
    because of the S&L crisis that happened. And the values of the real estate dropped. So it dropped about 30%. And because of that, it wiped out all the
    equity that I had in those properties. Which wouldn’t have been a problem if we’d
    continued to build and the values had gone up a little bit – we would have been fine. But the banks came to me and said, “Joe,
    since you don’t have enough equity in these properties, we have to take the properties
    back, or, you have to come up with more money.” And I said, “I don’t have more money to
    come up with.” You know, there’s no way I can come up with
    that much equity. It was all in my properties
    And they said, “No, I’m sorry, we’re going to have to take it back.” So, they took my properties back. They foreclosed on me and took all those properties
    back and wiped me out. I had dump trucks, I had concrete forms, I
    had a bulldozer, I had all sorts of junk that I’d purchased. I had a big infrastructure that I’d built. All on borrowed money, by the way, which was
    my big mistake. So, they took all that back. I had to file bankruptcy. We left Los Angeles. I moved back home and moved in with my parents. It was that bad. I lost my cars, I lost everything. And my wife and I were married by then, and
    we had a new baby, a thirty-day old baby son. And we had moved in with my parents who, I
    love them dearly, but, you don’t want to move back with your parents when you’re
    thirty-two years old, you know, most of the time anyway. At least I didn’t. So, I went to work and I tried to become a
    real estate agent. So I got my license and I started learning
    how to sell real estate as an agent. And I really felt that I had sort of hit rock
    bottom. This is the worst thing that could possibly
    be doing. But I found out that I was actually pretty
    good at it and that I actually enjoyed helping people find a place that they could call home. So, I became a top producer and while I was
    doing that I started looking at other ways that I might be able to invest even though
    I didn’t have a ton of money to invest and my credit was completely trashed. There’s no way I could do that, so I had
    to do techniques that didn’t require any money, didn’t require any credit, and just
    required my knowledge and my ability – which I had quite a bit of because I learned a lot
    from what I did in California. I just had to learn not to use loans. So I restructured how we did it. And we started coming up with a whole hierarchy
    of zero down structures, which is what I teach now. That zero down structure hierarchy is in a
    lot of these videos that are on my blog, so go take a look at the blog and it’ll give
    you all the details that you need on how to actually do those techniques. I got to the point, I think, with my business
    that I sort of came back. I built a portfolio again, I bought all these
    properties. This time, I didn’t use banks. I didn’t use my credit. I structured it better. I structured it in a way that it’d be harder
    to take those properties back from me and I did not count on appreciation when I purchased
    properties. Everything was based on building value into
    the properties when you buy them. So, making sure that you purchase them right
    and then have a good exit strategy when you sell. And because I changed that strategy of the
    way I was doing it, I made a much more stable business. And then when 2007 and 2008 came along when
    everybody else was crashing and every real estate investor I knew was, you know, going
    through bankruptcy again it didn’t hit me that way because my business was stable. My business wasn’t built on that kind of
    debt. It was built in a different way and basically
    on seller financed debt rather than on bank debt. It didn’t require credit, it didn’t require
    any money into it. I could have given those properties back to
    them if I’d had to, but I didn’t have to and it wouldn’t have hurt my credit. So, I was able to hold on to those properties
    during that difficult time and then I also was in a position by then to be able to buy
    other properties that went on the market during that crash for 20¢, 30¢ on the dollar. So I got some really amazing deals during
    that time as well. We still get great deals, but that was an
    amazing time because there were so many properties that had gone through foreclosure and the
    banks had a lot of properties they were trying to unload. So, now it was my turn to take properties
    from the bank rather than vice versa. So, anyway, I’ve come to a time in my life
    now where I have a lot of freedom. I probably put in an hour or two a day in
    my business, in my real estate investing business. And I’m able to do that because I’ve automated
    most of the things that we do. All the things that I haven’t automated
    I’ve outsourced. There’s some things you have to have people
    to do. So I’m able to automate about 90% and I
    use a system that we developed for that very purpose called PushbuttonAutomarketer.com. You can go check it out yourself. And you can use the same type of business
    system that I’ve used to be able to build your own business and model it after the one
    that I’ve built. So, all that, 90% of that business, of that
    work, can be automated. The other 9% we’ve outsourced. So, I’ve got people that are helping me
    do different things, property managers, you know, agents, other people that I work with
    that help me through that process. Contractors. And then 1% of that business is what I have
    to do myself. I still sign my own contracts. I still review everything. I’m still the one that creates the strategy
    as we move forward in the business and makes sure that everything is on track. And I want to continue to do that. I want to continue to do that until the day
    I die because I find it interesting and it’s fun and I don’t have to do any of the hard
    work any longer because it’s all laid out for me. I just have to stay ahead of it. I have to keep thinking ahead to see where
    it’s going next. And most of the things that we do, most of
    the techniques that I teach are evergreen. We’ve been using these techniques since
    I started using them from the beginning. And they still work today. We’ve made some modifications because of
    what’s happened with the internet and the incredible things that we can do now as far
    as marketing. The internet has saved us so much time and
    so much money. And because of the automation that we have
    which has been a huge game changer for us. So, that’s left me the ability to do other
    things in my life. And so I decided hey, I’m going to go back,
    you know, the reason I got into real estate in the first place is because I wanted to
    be a filmmaker. And I had gotten to the point where I’d
    written about a dozen screen plays. I’d actually gotten one picked up by 20th
    Century Fox at the time, and I even came home one day with a bottle of Dom Perignon to my
    wife and my sister who was living with us at the time, and said, “I think I’ve sold
    my screen play.” And it was, you know, a celebration. I was going to make $350,000, it was going
    to be great. That fell through. And it so humiliated and demoralized me that
    I said, “Enough of this. I’m going to make my own damn movie instead
    of trying to sell it to somebody else.” And that’s one of the reasons that real
    estate seemed like a realistic way to make that happen. Well, it took me about fifteen or twenty years
    and I finally got back to making movies. And I made a documentary. It’s called “Children of Internment.” It’s on Amazon, you can go check it out. It’s about Germans who were interned during
    WW2. Everybody knows about the Japanese that were
    interned, but not very many people know that Germans and Italians were also put behind
    barbed wire fence in the United States during the war. So that’s a documentary, a feature-length
    documentary on that. I did that with my sister. And then I wrote, co-wrote and directed another
    film. This time it’s a story. It’s a narrative film that’s called “The
    Storyteller,” and it’s also on Amazon. And it’s about a magical little girl and
    it was so much fun to make these movies and to do this work I decided this is something
    I want to keep doing for the rest of my life. And so I’m continuing with that process. I’ve got other things in my life that I
    love to do. I love to travel. We go, you know, to Europe pretty frequently. Went to Japan not too long ago. Went to India for a trip, took a motorcycle
    trip with an old friend and we went, traveled around Rajasthan and went to Pushkar for the
    camel fair. So, had a great time. When my kids graduated college we went to
    Japan and went to Tokyo and Kyoto and went all over the place on those bullet trains
    and saw the sights. So, we have the freedom to do that now because
    of the business that I was able to build. And I would suggest if you’d like to have
    that same freedom, that you could build your business the same way. And beyond all these other things that I get
    to do because I have this real estate business, the most important thing that I’ve done
    with all this is that it gave me the ability to be at home and to be able to watch my children
    grow up. So the entire time that they were growing
    up, I was working at home. I’d be there when they got home from school. I’d be able to go to all their, my daughter’s
    dance productions. I’d be able to go to do all the things that
    my son wanted to do, and be able to spend time together as a family and get to know
    them. You know, they say that quality time is really
    important with kids, and I agree. But, you know, nothing can beat quantity time. It’s really hard to get to the quality time
    unless you have the quantity time. And if you’re working all the time, if you’re
    putting in 50 hours a week, you know, as a real estate agent, which is what I did for
    a while, it was hard to be able to be home. But, so, being able to come home and work
    at home, have my own office at home, be in control of my business at home, have time
    and control of my time, that made a big difference in my life and made it possible for me to
    start thinking strategically about how to get where I’m at now in my business. I still have lots of dreams about where I
    want to go and how I want to grow and the things I want to accomplish. That never goes away. And it should never go away. I don’t think I’ll ever retire. One of the things that gets me excited now
    is being able to work with my mentor students. I have a six-month mentor program where I
    teach people how to build a business like mine. How to have control of their own business. How to start from scratch and step by step
    by step you know, do this, do that, follow this, make this call, do these things. And if you do those things you’re successful. I go through about 120 mentor students a year. So, about 60 of them are in my six-month program
    at any particular time. Out of that group, 30% of them will make money. They tell me that 5% is normal for these kinds
    of programs, so, I guess I’m 600% better than average. But, I can also tell you that 100% of the
    people who get in that mentor program who do the work as I lay it out for them succeed. Everyone who does the work will make money. It’s very rare that I see anybody that goes
    through this program that doesn’t make money if they do the work. So, that’s the goal. That’s one of the things that kind of drives
    me forward to keep teaching this, to keep doing these videos, these YouTube videos and
    these videos that I’m sending out to try to train people about this. It really is a satisfying life when you can
    help other people. And I think one of the things, the major things
    that I try to teach my students, and most of them come into this program with this mindset,
    but, it’s an idea of service within your business, where you’re helping other people
    and you’re making money because of the solutions that you’re providing. I’ve found that when things were the darkest
    for me, when I first moved back to Indianapolis after I’d lost everything, and feeling so
    sorry for myself, and all that self-pity and all that stuff. You know, you’re thinking about yourself
    and oh, woe is me. But, when I was able to take my eyes off myself
    and put it on somebody else and say this person here, I can help them. I can solve this problem for them. I can help them find a house that they’re
    not going to be able to get on their own. If I can do that for them, and focus on their
    problem and not think about myself, then I’m going to make money. And that money will come as a natural extension
    to me helping others. So, the idea of you know, doing well, doing
    good, or something like that. You know, it’s just the idea where you put
    out good things into the world and good things come back to you. And it has proved to be true for me. And I think that it would work for you as
    well. Anyway. That’s my story. I’d love to work with you if you’re interested
    in getting into the mentor program. You might also take a look at the Automarketer. That’s something that I didn’t talk about
    a lot about here, but I talk a lot about on my blog, that has a lot of training materials
    on how to use it and how to build a system and how to build a business that you can proud
    of, that treats people well, that works for you know, people other than just for you. It doesn’t take advantage of people. You can sleep at night. And you can serve the world by doing it. Anyway. I hope that explains it. All right. Thanks for listening.

    INTERVISTA CON L’ING. GIAMPAOLO DALLARA – PARLA CON LEO EP.2
    Articles, Blog

    INTERVISTA CON L’ING. GIAMPAOLO DALLARA – PARLA CON LEO EP.2

    February 20, 2020


    There is probably no need for introductions for the engineer Dallara, it is a unique emotion for me because today I am here as a journalist, but I am not a journalist I’m a driver I raced with many of his car, from formula 3 to gp2, I tested prototypes first questions: what do you think of today’s motorsport? today’s motorsport is, from a technical point of view very evolved it continues to play its role as Address in what will be the technical solutions of the future, let’s not forget that formula 1 has been hybrid for some time now it consumes half the fuel it consumed years ago in the endurance race there is always a lot of hybridization and there are also electric cars there will soon be hydrogen cars too I would be surprised if in a few years 4-5 years the majority of the races were not with hybrid cars, so it continues to play its role evolved and refined and much safer In my opinion, it is the first robust step towards a revolution to come, we still don’t know what it will be like but you immediately addressed a topic that everyone’s talking about the electric In your opinion, is it the future? it can be future both in everyday life and in motor sports, which many many companies are investing tons of money in, also formula E in my opinion the electric is I think the electric is certainly the future, because it has already been decided that it is the future in many cities, and in many countries in many countries you won’t even be able to use cars that are not electric, 20 years from now so yes that’s where we are headed and therefore inevitably also motor racing, will have to go in that direction and maybe motor racing could also be different, it could be some form of As you might say, also competition for how fast you can go while consuming little maybe the driver will have a certain amount of energy with which he will have to ride the longest in the shortest time and that too will have changes that we don’t know how they will be, but there will certainly be we will already be ready? well we’re not ready at all, but we know we’re going there so we have to run to be ready, so we are forced to move quickly so we’ll get there but the issue is that we say that the car has at this moment the privilege of being perceived as as an indicator of pollution even though it produces only 15 percent of the pollution It will do its part, it is not enough, because all things considered the issue you do not solve it – we will solve the local pollution, that of fine particles, but the carbon dioxide measurements if we do electricity as we do now It won’t be enough because if we compare two electric cars one electric and one Conventional For electricity as it’s done today the gain can be good in france where energy is almost all renewable or atomic In italy perhaps, in Germany, even more convenient, from the point of view of pollution, a conventional car so we have to go through there, it has already been decided, now there is no going back however There is still a long way to go we have to invent many many many many things is beautiful. there will be so much we have to invent — put it together what can you tell me about an important name: Musk? Musk is one of the visionaries who try to imagine the future he is one of those who imagined it first but I repeat it is a world that must be completely turned upside down like a sock We don’t know how yet, your job is to play and choose who will lead this permanent revolution It may be that he is used just as an experiment, Elon, that is, the tesla that maybe the groups the big ones the big ones, maybe including audi they are considering they are using him like measuring stick I think I speak as an old man, but he has already played his role as an innovator in the sense that the car will be electric But how? maybe we will learn to make hydrogen in a clean way we will put hydrogen on the machine, then it will become a hybrid hydrogen machine or maybe we will be able to do electricity in a clean way, not atomic energy that has has too many dangers or maybe we will do it in environments where the dangers can be reduced result: now we have to learn how to make electricity, but this is now the first step. the car will be electric, yes, period. there is no going back now how do we make electricity? this is a question how do we do it — plus, From the point of view of us drivers Conventional classic enthusiasts if we sometimes have yet another thought, that of autonomous driving or not and I tell the truth that after all it is not that I enjoy driving in the city so much so if there was autonomous driving, but not even driving on a highway amuses me maybe even a bus would be enough, not necessary using the car or if there were many stops at high speed a car drives at high speeds and then I take the train aside from recent accidents, it’s a safe travel way but on Saturday mornings I would like to be able to do with the car what the driver of the motorbike does, who goes around just for fun To go to the countryside to go to the greenery to go to different worlds, that I hope will not be away taken from me let’s say maybe I think about it, every now and then, maybe it will become a means of transport for every day, the car will become like a bus it could happen, but on Saturday and Sundays or for track use yes– the road car the car to have fun, so I think we’re just starting out, that’s where we are headed in my opinion the road is already traced and it’s gonna be that, it’s gonna be electric, which is even easier, plus you gotta do it by law It is no longer a choice now and everyone has already understood it The fans of real engines will not be delighted for now, for now they are not so happy with this the other day there was a conference of the director for 15 years of renault sport so the rs to the vehicles those of commercial performance who wondered the same thing he says that nowadays when someone with his background says that mobility is going in that direction, electrical, I believe him they know more than I do we should invent how to make it pleasant, how to make it stay pleasant will not be a noise, because to make noise now — I do it artificially, but it’s like when I used to put a postcard in my bicycle fork, it’s not the same – let me find it In another way the passion but it will still be there, surely they are trying. the first great example is the formula E that I had the luck of experiencing as correspondent which in my opinion is a beautiful world, they are trying to bring motorcycle sport in the city there is still so much development to do but according to they are improving a lot. What do you think? I’m just gonna say that in the first version to make a race it took two cars, in the second it only takes one, in the third they will have more kilometers to go faster in short, there is a lot of a lot of evolution not only that: an absolutely not negligible aspect, there are bigger manufacturers in formula E than – is the one that has the best manufacturers. And also has many great pilots. and also many great pilots yeah so we still have to get used to this competition we should also learn to make it more — but if you with the technology we have, if it were more visible what the pilot does, the choices, how he moves in soccer you see the player he makes athletic gestures that you see perceive in athletics you see the movements he makes — the pilot is closed and you see it from the numbers it’s not very relevant what — you don’t see him. The audience does not see him. If you were able to show in real time the trajectory your opponent makes the one you do, where he’s at, how you brake, it’s easy to do, it takes imagination to make it more visible the more appreciable the The behavior of the driver the contribution of the drive to the car, at this moment see the result, the number but you really feel it – he’s hidden, you don’t see him, you see a piece that rides, it’s something different and then when you show me your emotion via the TV stations ’cause maybe you got scared, ’cause it happens to you to absolutely, so when you’ll be able to also sell those things to the viewer then you see everything. in fact, many times the emotion is not perceived even if it is in a departure. I was lucky enough to do the 24hr of Le Mans, I remember that I had goosebumps, and I believe it — seems easy but when you’re in there it’s all more difficult when it comes to ferrari formula one and many say everything is easy from the outside, but when you are inside a car when there is a driver inside all eyes on you in my opinion everything becomes more difficult and it is no longer just driving skills it’s about keeping it cool, only those who have experienced racing or from inside the car from outside can understand it. however I hope there is a system to make me feel it to make me understand, your emotion to understand the tension you can’t have racing evolution with by having a presentation like it was 50 years ago, it can’t work, that’s also gonna have to change I hope a friend of mine says that growing old sucks ’cause there are so many new things to see, you’ll get to see so many cool things you saw many too. I did, and it’s fun seeing what will come. Change is must faster nowadays what do you think about today’s F1? incredible competition, incredible elegance that they are all good, this is the real reality, they really do incredible things as much it’s complicated etc and every time we say Ferrari doesn’t win, Ferrari wins every time it starts a race a ferrari can win second it races agains opponents that very tough and that have more resources sometimes you win sometimes you lose, but you still get to represent your country ’cause Ferrari is the representative of the Italian national motor team when there is a race some one gets to win — what do you think about the level of the drivers? they are good too and they undergo a selection procedure that’s harder than back in the days. There are the talented ones who have the merit, then those who have potential might not — there are various good drivers who fail to emerge because maybe they don’t have the right support, but I have the impression that if there is truly a super super champion he can still make it ’cause he can make the difference when they ask me if all F1 drivers are strong, I say yes yes they are all strong, ’cause we are taking about — but I think there are some drivers who race in other competitions who could be here. In fact in Formula E going back, we find drivers of the highest level that maybe they could be in formula 1 but now they are in another parallel category. the most beautiful race you’ve ever experienced? I’ll never forget that F1 race with renault and ferrari who overtook each other 3-4 times in one lap or the Indianapolis races that have the advantage of ending at the last lap anyhow and so those races that after 800km finish flying with two tenths of difference, with drivers overtaking 4 times per lap it’s all about experience, skills.. too bad that there is no way to show me, to let me understand all the gestures, it’s not just athletic also at psychological level of the drivers who is racing to win when an driver let’s you pass because then he tries to put himself in the trail to pass the last corner and makes you a move on the outside those things — we’ll get there many say that today’s cars are no longer what they used to be this certainly, now they change faster than before but the ones back in the days.. those were the maximum we could aspire to have in those days but the drivers always make the difference ’cause that’s why you see Hamilton winning and someone else losing the World Championship despite being good too a lot has changed there are aids also like with a simulator, which you didn’t have in the past and now the level of the drivers is higher also ’cause they have more help, they can read more data from the teammates, they train a lot with the simulators so the level, maybe they are all much closer, but to win you have to earn the little that will allow you to make a difference exactly. the difference is no longer the second but in the difference it is the tenth of a second last question I was here to test your last innovation, the last jewel: Dallara Stradale. The second to last, give me time to make a new one the last one as of today. what — why? why there was the will to still measure myself in that sector I found out that it changed more that I could believe. The last one I did was a long time ago, I could not imagine things could change so much I didn’t think there was so much to learn we learned so so so much, It was a good training, it’s a good thing we did it, ’cause we work a lot now 50 percent of our business is for large manufacturers For the niches of the big manufacturers, however, we make the aerodynamics of the vehicle, the carbon part, the structural part or support in the design of the suspensions but not the complete car here we had to do all, not the development but just the car, the prototype is developed here it was all a new discovery, we learned that there was still more to learn, we learned and now we are ready to do something more robust. I think you are the greatest manufacturers in the world, however, you have always remained behind the scenes and now you wanted to come out with a new own — let you be discovered also by an audience that did not only follow the races, because — in my opinion it’s also that car in some ways of tomorrow, the one on Saturday you’ll take for a ride, like the guy who has a SBK and uses it not to go from from one place to another, to go to work, but the car you take to have fun so what is Dallara’s future? we are less manufacturers and more learners, we keep learning, luckily learning to manage decline, and it is not yet the time to do it, indeed it must never be the time to do it the future will be not stay behind, keep up with the times let’s see what we can do if there is still something we can add, to do even better at least for some use, how to improve it for example for those who want to use it tomorrow for racing or use it on track there is also that and also think about the next step we’ll always do just one at a time, but there will be another one. So the Dallara Stradale is the start — — our main activity won’t be making cars we’ll make a car to understand how to keep improving so after this one there will be another one, but not now, after so there won’t be now — afterwards so we can’t know anything we wait. we wait congratulations for everything thank you for all the cars that I have tried in recent years here because luckily I have tried them all thank you for your trust.

    Seattle City Council Transportation & Utilities Committee 2/19/2020
    Articles, Blog

    Seattle City Council Transportation & Utilities Committee 2/19/2020

    February 20, 2020


    >>>GOOD MORNING EVERYBODY. IT IS FEBRUARY 19, 2020 MEETING OF THE TRANSPORTATION AND UTILITIES COMMITTEE WILL COME TO ORDER. IT IS 9:34 A.M. I AM ALEX PETERSON CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE I AM JOINED BY COUNCIL MEMBERS STRAUSS , HERBOLD, AND MORALES. BEFORE WE BEGIN WE WILL APPROVE THE AGENDA. IF THERE IS NO OBJECTION TODAY’S AGENDA WILL BE ADOPTED. HEARING NO OBJECTION IT IS ADOPTED. AT THIS TIME WE WILL TAKE PUBLIC COMMENT ON ITEMS THAT APPEAR ON TODAY’S AGENDA OR UNDER THE PURVIEW OF THIS COMMITTEE, TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES. WE WILL HAVE UP TO 20 MINUTES úFOR PUBLIC COMMENT. EACH SPEAKER WILL HAVE TWO MINUTES TO SPEAK. I WILL READ THE NAMES. COME ON UP TO THE MICROPHONE WE HAVE TWO SPEAKERS, JAN GRAY LORD AND MEGAN CRUZ. >>MY NAME IS JAN GRAY LONG I LIVE IN SOUTH SEATTLE. A YEAR AGO IF I WANTED TO GET DOWNTOWN, IF I WANTED TO CONNECT UP WITH THE RAIN YEAR BEACH STATION IT WOULD TAKE NEARLY AN HOUR AND A HALF WALKING, WAITING FOR THE 107 TO GET TO RAIN YEAR BEACH. TODAY IT TAKES ME 20-30 MINUTES TO CALL A VAN, TO RIDE VIA TO LIGHT RAIL. THAT SERVICE IS SUPPOSED TO END, IT IS A DEMONSTRATION PROJECT APRIL 30. I DON’T KNOW IF MAY 1 I GO BACK TO AN HOUR AND A HALF OR NOT, VIA, IN A SIMPLE SENTENCE IS UBER TO LIGHT RAIL AT A REASONABLE COST. IT IS IN FOUR SOUTH SEATTLE STATIONS AND IN TUKWILA. THE VIA RIDERS NEED AND WANT VIA. IT IS FAST, FLEXIBLE, EFFICIENT, SAFE, COMFORTABLE. IT CONNECTS US TO JOBS, EDUCATION, HEALTHCARE, COMMUNITY. WE WANT TO KEEP IT. WE UNDERSTAND THINGS HAVE TO BALANCE OUT, IT IS A VITAL SERVICE FOR SOUTH SEATTLE. ANY MORE INFO EMAIL KEEP [email protected] AND SUBJECT INFO. THANK YOU. >>THANK YOU. >>MEGAN CRUZ. >>GOOD MORNING. I AM HERE TO TALK ABOUT SEATTLE TRAFFIC, THE GOOD AND THE BAD. THERE IS SOME GOOD. THE FIRST PART IS TRANSIT RIDERSHIP IS UP AND SINGLE OCCUPANCY VEHICLES ARE DOWN IN THE CITY CENTER. THE OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN IS TRAFFIC AND CONGESTION IS STILL GROWING. WHY IS THAT? THE REASON IS WE ARE NOT ACCOUNTING FOR ALL FORMS OF TRAFFIC ESPECIALLY THE FASTEST GROWING, THAT WOULD BE TRUCKS AND TMC’S WHICH ARE THE RIGHT HAILING SERVICES, UBER AND LYFT. CONSIDER THESE FACTS I GOT FROM THE CITY WITH REGARD TO TMC’S IN ZIP CODE 98104 AND 98101 WE GET 17,500 RIDERS A DAY. THAT IS A LOT OF CARS. THESE CARS ARE NOT PARKING ANYWHERE, THEY ARE CONSTANTLY CIRCLING. THAT MEANS THAT THEY HAVE MORE VEHICLE MILES TRAVELED THAN A SINGLE OCCUPANCY VEHICLE. 2.8 FOUR TNC. WE HAVE TO CONSIDER THESE. THESE ARE NOT IN THE COMP PLAN. LIKEWISE, TRUCKS ARE GROWING 20% ANNUALLY DOWNTOWN BECAUSE OF THE RISE OF e-COMMERCE. THE UW DID A CORNETS STUDY THAT SHOWS 40s 40,000 TRUCKS COMING INTO THE CITY CENTER EVERY DAY. WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE ANNUAL GROWTH THAT WILL BE OVERWHELMING IN A SHORT WHILE. AT THE SAME TIME WE ARE TAKING AWAY CURB LANES AND PUTTING AN END TO BIKE AND BUS LANES, WHICH IS GOOD, BUT THE NEW BUILDINGS DO NOT COME EQUIPPED WITH WORKABLE LOADING BIRTHS. THE DETERMINATION WAS MADE THAT NEW TOWERS THAT ARE GOING TO HOLD 1000 PEOPLE EACH DON’T REQUIRE A LOADING BIRTHS. YOU THINK ABOUT EVERYBODY GETTING THEIR GOODS AND SERVICES FROM e-COMMERCE, IT IS GOING TO QUICKLY BECOME A PROBLEM IF WE DO NOT TAKE CHARGE OF THIS. I WOULD LIKE THE COMMITTEE TO DO TWO THINGS. LAST MAY I SUBMITTED AN AMENDMENT PROPOSAL TO THE PLAN ASKING THAT TRUCKS AND TNC BE ADDED TO THE MODE SHARE SO WE CAN COUNT THEM . I DO NOT KNOW WHERE THAT HAS GONE IT WAS SUPPOSED TO TAKE PLACE THIS LAST YEAR. — >>THANK YOU MS. CRUZ. GIVE YOUR COMMENTS TO OUR CLERK AND WE CAN READ THOSE LATER. IS ANYBODY ELSE SIGNED UP TO SPEAK? OKAY. SEEING WE HAVE NO ADDITIONAL SPEAKERS SIGNED UP, THE PUBLIC COMMENT PERIOD IS CLOSED AND WE WILL MOVE TO THE FIRST ITEM ON THE AGENDA. WE WILL HAVE OUR CLERK, JUST AN OVERVIEW OF TODAY’S COMMITTEE WE HAVE FOUR ITEMS ON THE AGENDA TODAY. WE WILL GO TO THE FIRST ITEM NOW IF THE CLERK WILL READ THAT INTO THE RECORD FOR US. >>RESOLUTION 31932.>>>A RESOLUTION RELATING TO THE CITY LIGHT DEPARTMENT; ACKNOWLEDGING AND APPROVING CITY LIGHT’S ADOPTION OF A BIENNIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION TARGET FOR 2020- 2021 AND TEN-YEAR CONSERVATION POTENTIAL. >>>THANK YOU. WE WILL BE HEARING THIS ITEM TWICE. THERE IS A PUBLIC HEARING THAT WILL BE REQUIRED. WE WILL BE BACK FOR THAT OFFICIAL PUBLIC HEARING. I ACTUALLY SPOKE WITH THE GENERAL MANAGER AND CEO, DEBRA SMITH, WHO IS JOINING US. SHE HAS OFFERED TO GIVE A BRIEF UPDATE ABOUT WHAT WE READ ABOUT IN THE SEATTLE TIMES AND OTHER MEDIA OUTLETS ABOUT THE COPPER WIRE THEFT. WHY DON’T WE DO INTRODUCTIONS AND THEN WE CAN HEAR FROM YOU. >>I AM DEBRA SMITH THE GENERAL MANAGER OF SEATTLE CITY LIGHT. >>I AM CRAIG SMITH DIRECTOR OF CUSTOMER CARE AND SOLUTIONS AT SEATTLE CITY LIGHT. >>I AM JENNIFER FINNIGAN AT CUSTOMER CARE AND SOLUTIONS AT SEATTLE CITY LIGHT. >>I THINK THAT IS THE FIRST TIME I HAVE HEARD THAT. AS A QUICK ASIDE, I THINK THIS IS A GOOD THING FOR OUR COMMUNITY. IN MY YEAR AND A HALF WE HAVE BEEN DOING SOME REORGANIZATION. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE HAVE DONE IS TAKEN THE CUSTOMER CARE GROUP, IT IS NOT OPERATIONAL CUSTOMER SERVICE, IT IS NOT THE BILLING AND COLLECTIONS. THOSE ARE IN THE OPERATION GROUP UNDER MIKE HAYNES LEADERSHIP, HE IS OUR COO AND HE IS RIGHT THERE. CRAIG IS REPORTING DIRECTLY TO ME AND HE HAS BEEN RESPONSIBLE FOR CUSTOMER ENERGY SOLUTIONS WHICH IS ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND MOST OF OUR VALUE ADD PRODUCTS AND SERVICES. WE BROUGHT THOSE TOGETHER AND IT IS REALLY — WE ARE DISCOVERING IT IS A GREAT MARRIAGE. THERE IS A LOT OF SIMILARITIES. THESE ARE FOLKS THAT HAVE YEARS OF EXPERIENCE BEING IN OUR CUSTOMERS HOMES AND WORKING WITH THEM DIRECTLY. THEIR KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE AND WHAT IT TAKES TO MANAGE AND SUSTAIN LONG-TERM RELATIONSHIPS IS REALLY DEEP. TAKING CUSTOMER CARE WHICH INCLUDES THE PROGRAM AND KEY ACCOUNTS AND BRINGING THOSE FOLKS TOGETHER IS GREAT. THAT IS THE FIRST TIME I HAVE HEARD ANYONE USE THE NAME OF THE NEW DIVISION, IT KIND OF ROLLED OFF YOUR TONGUES. YOU DID AWESOME. I WILL TAKE A QUICK MINUTE, FIRST OF ALL, WE REALLY APPRECIATE THE ARTICLE IN THE TIMES, THE REPORTER DID A GREAT JOB AND WE WORKED WITH HIM FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME TO MAKE SURE THAT THE INFORMATION WAS PRESENTED AND WE APPRECIATE COUNCILMEMBER HERBOLD FOR BRINGING THIS UP AND A LOT OF WORK HAS BEEN DONE SINCE THEN. ACTUALLY STAFF COMPLETED A GREAT REPORT ON STREET LIGHT COPPER WIRE THEFT ANALYSIS REPORT THAT I GOT A COPY OF YESTERDAY IT WAS FINALIZED AT THE END OF JANUARY. IT IS A GREAT REVIEW OF THE PROBLEM, WHAT OTHER UTILITIES ARE DOING, HOW IT IS IMPACTING SEATTLE AND BEST PRACTICES. I WANTED TO SHARE A BIT OF INFORMATION. ONE OF THE THINGS WE HAVE DONE IS PROVIDE A SET OF RECOMMENDATIONS THESE ARE ON THE GROUND STAFF LEVEL AND NOT CONSULTANTS. THESE ARE FOLKS DEALING WITH THIS ON A DAILY BASIS. NUMBER ONE, WHICH IS HUGE, IS DEVELOP AND LAUNCH A PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON HOW TO SPOT A THEFT IN PROGRESS AND HOW TO REPORT. WE KNOW THAT IT IS HAPPENING AND THAT IS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT THE TIMES DID A GREAT JOB OF TALKING ABOUT, THE LENGTHS TO WHICH FOLKS ARE GOING IN SOME CASES TO DO THE WORK DURING THE DAY AND THEN PULL THE WIRE AT NIGHT. A PART OF THAT IS TO DEVELOP EXPECTATIONS FOR CONTRACTORS WHO ARE PERFORMING WORK IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY OR IN THE STREETS SO THAT FOLKS IN THE COMMUNITY CAN IDENTIFY THESE ARE FOLKS WHO ARE DOING WORK WHO ARE EITHER CITY LIGHT EMPLOYEES OR ARE DOING WORK ON OUR BEHALF. THAT WILL BE PART OF THE PUBLIC CAMPAIGN AND THEN WORKING WITH THOSE FOLKS. UNDERTAKING A COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS FOR THE REPLACEMENT OF COPPER WIRE WITH ALUMINUM. I HAVE NO IDEA HOW THAT WILL TURN OUT. WE DO KNOW THE MARKET IS VERY DIFFERENT FOR THOSE AND WE WILL BE LOOKING AT, AS WE ARE DOING A BETTER JOB, THANK YOU COUNCILMEMBER FOR CAPTURING THE COST. WE HAVE A SEPARATE WORK ORDER IS COSTING US. STAND WHAT THIS THIS WAS MENTIONED IN THE STORY LOOKING AT WELDING HANDHOLDS. THAT IS A PRETTY PRACTICAL SOLUTION, ONE THAT WE ARE STARTING TO DO. THE DOWNSIDE AGAIN WAS DISCUSSED, WHEN THERE IS A LEGITIMATE OUTAGE IT DOES TAKE A LONGER DURATION. BUT IN THE LONG RUN IT IS THE RIGHT WAY TO GO. IF THAT IS WHAT WE DO WE WILL HAVE TO DEVELOP A CONSTRUCTION STANDARD SO WE HAVE THAT AND THEN IT WILL TAKE TIME TO WORK THROUGH THE SYSTEM. WE ARE LOOKING AT STAFFING AND LANGUAGE TO MANAGE COPPER WIRE THEFT RELATED ACTIVITIES SUCH AS DATA ENTRY INTO OUR SYSTEM WHERE WE KEEP TRACK OF THINGS. I APPRECIATE THAT THERE WAS SUPPORT IN GENERAL AS WE LEARN MORE AND GET OUR PROGRAM TOGETHER. IF THERE ARE BUDGET IMPACTS WE WILL BE TALKING TO YOU. WE ARE ASSUMING THAT THERE IS A LOT THAT WE CAN DO WITH THE EXISTING RESOURCES AND MAKE THAT WORK. LASTLY, WE ARE NOT THE ONLY COMMUNITY TO HAVE THIS PROBLEM. THERE ARE A LOT OF EMERGING SOLUTIONS AND THAT’S WHAT I REFER TO AS BEST PRACTICE, WE ARE EXPLORING OTHER SOLUTIONS. WE ARE COMMITTED TO PROVIDING AN UPDATE TO THE MAYOR THIS WEEK AND I MENTIONED COUNCILMEMBER PEDERSEN AS SOON AS WE HAVE THAT COMPLETE WE WILL GET THAT TO YOU AS WELL SO THAT WILL GIVE YOU INFORMATION CURRENT FROM THE DATE OF THE ARTICLE. THIS IS A PLACE WHERE THE PUBLIC’S HELP AND INVOLVEMENT IS WE DO NOT WANT PEOPLE TO DO SOMETHING THAT WILL PUT THEM IN HARMS WAY, WE WILL BE EDUCATING FOLKS ON HOW TO RESPOND IF THEY SEE ACTIVITIES THAT THEY THINK ARE SUSPICIOUS. THIS IS A COMMUNITY PROBLEM THAT IS HUGE. WHAT IS MOST IMPORTANT IS WHEN COPPER THEFT IS HAPPENING, THE REPAIRS ARE GENERALLY NOT SIMPLE BECAUSE IT IS A DESTRUCTION OF PUBLIC PROPERTY AND THE EXPENDITURES, IT IS NOT THE COST OF THE REPLACEMENT OF COPPER, IT IS THE LABOR AND THE EXTENSIVE WORK THAT IS HAVING TO BE DONE. >>ANY QUESTIONS FROM MY COLLEAGUES? >>NOT SO MUCH QUESTIONS, A COUPLE OF STATEMENTS. THANK YOU FOR REFERENCING THE WORK THAT THE COUNCIL DID DURING THE PROCESS. I HAVE BEEN THINKING OF IT NOT JUST AS A CITY LIGHT ISSUE BUT A CITY WIDE ISSUE. THERE ARE OTHER DEPARTMENTS THAT ARE EXPERIENCING THEFT OF SCRAP METAL. THAT IS WHY THE FIRST OF THE TWO BUDGET ACTIONS THAT COUNCIL APPROVED WAS ASKING THE CITY TO DEVELOP A CITY WIDE ASSET LOSS PROGRAM. WE FOUND THAT A LOT OF THESE THEFTS WERE NOT BEING REPORTED TO SPD FROM DEPARTMENTS THROUGHOUT THE CITY, REALLY, A CALL OUT TO THE PUBLIC AND A THANKS FOR NOTIFYING ME OF OUTAGES OF LIGHTING IN MY DISTRICT BECAUSE THAT IS REALLY WHAT ALLOWED ME TO REALIZE THAT THIS WAS NOT A ONE OFF PROBLEM, IT WAS HAPPENING IN MULTIPLE PLACES AND IT WAS SOMETIMES HAPPENING AND OCCURRING AT THE SAME PLACES AFTER THE INFRASTRUCTURE HAD BEEN REPLACED. THE FIRST BUDGET ACTION WAS TO ASK THE EXECUTIVE TO DEVELOP A CITYWIDE LOSS PROGRAM WITH EXPECTATIONS FOR ALL THE DEPARTMENTS FOR WHAT TO DO WHEN THEY HAVE EXPERIENCED THESE TYPES OF THEFTS. THE SECOND PIECE REALLY IS FOCUSED ON HOW WE WOULD LIKE TO HOLD THE SCRAP METAL COLLECTORS AND RECYCLERS RESPONSIBLE FOR FULFILLING THEIR OBLIGATION UNDER STATE LAW. I HAVE HAD SOME MEETINGS WITH, I APPRECIATE CITY LIGHTS PARTICIPATION IN THAT MEETING AS WELL, WITH THE TRADE ASSOCIATION, THE FOLKS I MET WITH ARE EAGER TO HELP THE CITY, BUT THEY NEED HELP FROM THE CITY AS WELL. I REALLY APPRECIATE THE FACT THAT CITY LIGHT IS NOW PARTICIPATING IN THE THEFT ALERT PROGRAM THAT EXISTS. I THINK WE NEED TO WORK ON MAKING SURE THAT ALL THE OTHER DEPARTMENTS ARE PARTICIPATING AS WELL. PERHAPS FOR THE PUBLIC, YOU CAN SAY WHERE FOLKS CAN REPORT OUTAGES. AGAIN, WE ALL KNOW THAT PEOPLE CONTACT ME AND YOU PREFER IF THEY WOULD CONTACT YOU DIRECTLY, GETTING THAT INFORMATION OUT TO THE PUBLIC ABOUT WHERE THEY CAN REPORT. >>WE PREFER FOLKS REPORT IT SO WE CAN FIX IT. WE ARE DEVELOPING NEW PROCESSES THAT WILL ALLOW US TO TRACK TO THOSE AND WE HAVE A DATABASE THAT WE HAVE PUT TOGETHER. WE JUST HAD A MEETING ON IT YESTERDAY. WE WILL PULL THE INFORMATION, CORRECT? YES. AND WE WILL BE TRACKING THEM IN THE DATABASE AND IT WILL ALLOW FOR, IF SHE HEARS FROM ALEX BECAUSE THAT HAPPENS QUITE OFTEN. IT WILL ALLOW US TO ACCESS THE FILE AND LOOK AND SEE WHERE THIS IS AT. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I DID NOT MENTION WHEN I WAS TALKING ABOUT RECOMMENDATIONS IS WE ARE GOING TO DEVELOP SOME CRITERIA THAT WE CAN USE FOR PRIORITIZATION ACROSS THE UTILITY. IT IS REALLY TOUGH, WE WANT TO PRIORITIZE REPLACEMENT, WE HAVE LIMITED PROOFS. EVEN AS WE LOOK IF IT MAKES SENSE TO ADD CREWS FOR THIS WE WANT TO PRIORITIZE BASED ON PUBLIC SAFETY AND WE ALSO WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT CUSTOMERS WHO CONTACT US DIRECTLY THROUGH FIND IT, FIX IT, OR THROUGH ONE OF YOUR OFFICES THAT THEY CAN KNOW THAT THEY HAVE BEEN HEARD AND THEY ARE IN THE QUEUE AND THEY HAVE INFORMATION ABOUT WHEN TO EXPECT REPLACEMENT. BALANCING ALL OF THAT IS CHALLENGING, BUT THAT IS THE WAY TO GO. >>ON THAT PRIORITIZATION, MY RECOLLECTION IS THAT THIS IS SOMETHING THAT WE ARE SEEING SOUTHWEST AND SOUTH, CORRECT? >>I DON’T KNOW — THERE ARE SOME BIG SPANS THAT YOU HAVE HEARD ABOUT IN YOUR AREA THAT IS THE CASE, MLK BOULEVARD AND THE BRIDGE. WE HAVE BEEN EXPERIENCING IT FAIRLY EQUALLY IN A LOT OF DARKER AREAS. >>LIGHTING IS AN IMPORTANT PUBLIC SAFETY PREVENTION TOOL, OR A WAY TO ADDRESS PUBLIC SAFETY THREATS. I WOULD HATE TO BE IN A SITUATION WHERE WE ARE PRIORITIZING IN SUCH A WAY THAT DOES NOT CONSIDER THAT IMPORTANT UTILITY OF LIGHTING. RATHER THAN D PRIORITIZING YOUR WORK AND MAKING SURE YOU ARE FIXING EVERY OUTAGE, I WOULD RATHER FIGURE OUT HOW TO GET TO THE ROOT OF THE ISSUE. >>ABSOLUTELY. >>IT IS NOT FINANCIALLY SUSTAINABLE LONG-TERM. WE KNOW THAT. I AGREE. >>IT IS NOT YOUR GOAL AS A UTILITY TO NOT FIX LIGHTS. >>WE ARE TRYING RIGHT NOW BECAUSE OF THE PUBLIC SAFETY ISSUES, IN A LOT OF CASES WE ARE GOING OVERHEAD TO GET THE LIGHTS BACK ON AND THEN WE ARE COMING BACK AND DOING LONGER- TERM FIXES. AS WE ARE DOING THE LONGER-TERM FIXES, THAT IS WHERE WE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO EXPLORE SOME OF THESE CHANGES IN PROCESS AND STANDARD THAT WILL PREVENT THE REOCCURRENCE WHICH IS WHAT WE HAVE EXPERIENCED. WE WILL KEEP YOU POSTED. WE HAVE ALSO BEEN ACTIVELY PARTICIPATING IN WORK THAT THE MAYOR’S OFFICE IS LEADING BECAUSE LIGHTING IS AN IMPORTANT DETERRENT AND IT IS SO CRITICAL TO OUR COMMUNITY MEMBERS FEELING SAFE AND BEING OUT IN THE COMMUNITY. THANK YOU. >>THANK YOU. LET’S JUMP INTO THE PRESENTATION ON CONSERVATION. >>GOOD MORNING. I AM HERE TO TALK TO YOU ABOUT THE 2020 THROUGH 2021 CONSERVATION ASSESSMENT AND THE TARGET. >>THIS IS PART OF A TRADITION THAT WE DO. WE DO A PRESENTATION LIKE THIS EVERY TWO YEARS TO YOU. THIS IS OUR SIXTH TIME THAT WE HAVE COME BEFORE THIS BODY. I HAVE ABOUT 12 SLIDES AND I AM HAPPY TO TAKE QUESTIONS AS YOU THINK OF THEM. THERE ARE THREE SECTIONS TO MY PRESENTATION. THE FIRST IS AN INTRODUCTION TO CONSERVATION AT CITY LIGHT. I WOULD LIKE TO THINK OF IT AS CONSERVATION 101. THE SECOND IS THE MEAT OF THE PRESENTATION AND IT HAS TO DO WITH THE CONSERVATION TARGET FROM 2020 THROUGH 2021, THAT’S WHY WE ARE HERE. THE FINAL SECTION HAS TO DO WITH WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? HOW WILL IT IMPACT CONSERVATION HERE AT CITY LIGHT. WE HAVE A LONG HISTORY OF DOING CONSERVATION AT CITY LIGHTS. WE HAVE BEEN DOING IT FOR MORE THAN 40 YEARS. THAT IS ONE OF THE LONGEST RUNNING UTILITY PROGRAMS AND CONSERVATION IN THE COUNTRY. AS A RESULT OF OUR LEGACY AND CURRENT PROGRAMS, CITY LIGHT ANNUAL LOAD WAS REDUCED BY 157 AVERAGE MEGAWATTS THROUGH 2018 AND IN EVERYDAY ENGLISH THAT IS THE EQUIVALENT OF 190,000 AVERAGE SEATTLE HOMES. THAT IS A SMALL CITY. SHIFTING TO 2018, WE SAVED THE ANNUAL ELECTRICITY USE OF 17,000 AVERAGE SEATTLE HOMES. WE DID THAT THROUGH $26 MILLION IN INCENTIVES AND WE DID THAT WITH A PORTFOLIO OF PROGRAMS THAT WERE OFFERED TO ALL TYPES OF CUSTOMERS, RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL AND LOW INCOME. FOR THE REST OF MY PRESENTATION I WILL TALK ABOUT CONSERVATION AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY. THEY ARE PRETTY MUCH EQUIVALENT. SOMETIMES I WILL SAY ENERGY EFFICIENCY BUT IT ALSO MEANS CONSERVATION. WHAT IS CONSERVATION? AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO CITY LIGHT? MOST IMPORTANTLY CONSERVATION IS A CLEAN RESOURCE. WHAT IS A RESOURCE? A RESOURCE IS A WAY OF SAYING WHERE DO WE GET OUR ELECTRICITY AT CITY LIGHT? IF YOU LOOK AT THE PIE CHART IT LOOKS LIKE PAC-MAN. YOU CAN SEE ABOUT 75% OF OUR ELECTRICITY COMES FROM HYDRO SOURCES. THE SECOND LARGEST PORTION OF WHERE OUR RESOURCES COME FROM IS CONSERVATION. CONSERVATION, THE DEFINITION, I AM GOING TO READ TO MAKE SURE I GET IT RIGHT. CONSERVATION IS ANY METHOD OF REDUCING ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY USING LESS ENERGY TO OBTAIN THE SAME AMOUNT OF USEFUL OUTPUT. THE CLASSIC DEFINITION OR THE CLASSIC EXAMPLE IS THINK OF A LIGHTBULB YOU HAD AS A KID GROWING UP THAT WAS INCANDESCENT AND THEN THINK ABOUT THE LIGHTBULBS THAT YOU SEE ON THE SHELVES AT HOME DEPOT RIGHT NOW, THOSE ARE LEDS. LED USES 75% ENERGY THAN THOSE CONDITIONS THAT WE GREW UP WITH AND YET IT ADMITS THE SAME AMOUNT OF LIGHT. THAT IS THE CLASSIC EXAMPLE OF CONSERVATION. IF YOU WERE TO PULL TOGETHER ALL THE WIDGETS AND SYSTEMS IN THE CITY LIGHT TERRITORY THAT WE HAVE INCENTIVIZED, THAT IS A LOT OF CONSERVED ENERGY. THAT CONSERVED ENERGY IS CLEAN, LOW-COST, AND LOCAL. CONSERVATION IS A BIG DEAL AT CITY LIGHT. IT IS THE FOUNDATION TO HOW WE RUN THE UTILITY. IT HELPS US TO ACHIEVE GREENHOUSE GAS GOALS, IT HELPS US LIVE TO THAT MARKER ON THE BOTTOM OF THE SLIDE THE NATION’S GREENEST UTILITY. IT IS OUR FIRST CHOICE FOR LOAD GROWTH IN A GROWING DYNAMIC CITY. MOREOVER CONSERVATION PROVIDES HIGH VALUE TO OUR CUSTOMER OWNERS HIGH-PAYING CUSTOMERS TO BUY MORE EFFICIENT EQUIPMENT WITH INCENTIVES. CUSTOMERS USE LESS ENERGY, OUR DOLLARS STAY LOCAL AND WE SELL MORE CLEAN ENERGY TO THE MARKET. LET’S DO A DEEP DIVE INTO THAT GREEN AREA, WHERE DO WE GET THIS CONSERVATION? CONSERVATION IS DOMINATED BY LIGHTING. LIGHTING AND USES ARE MORE THAN 40%. LIGHTING IS THE FOUNDATION UPON WHICH ALL LEGACY ENERGY EFFICIENT PROGRAMS HAVE BEEN BUILT. IT IS THE LEAST EXPENSIVE SOURCE AND IT IS THE EASIEST TO DO AND QUICK. WE ARE ALL FAMILIAR WITH HOW TO CHANGE A LIGHT ALL. ú>>THE NEXT BIGGEST PART IS NO- LIGHTING BY 28%. BY MONT NON-LIGHTING I MEAN HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING, CHILLERS, COMMERCIAL KITCHEN EQUIPMENT AND LOW INCOME WEATHERIZATION. WE PROVIDE INCENTIVES FOR ALL OF THOSE THINGS. BEHAVIOR. THAT IS A DIFFERENT ONE. BEHAVIOR IS A TYPE OF PROGRAM THAT WE HAVE BEEN OFFERING FOR 10 YEARS. WE ARE ONE OF THE FIRST UTILITIES TO DO SO. THE IDEA IS, IF I TELL YOU OR SOMEONE IN YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD THAT YOU USE MORE ENERGY THAN YOUR NEIGHBORS DO, YOU ARE MOST LIKELY TO TAKE SOME VOLUNTARY STEPS TO CHANGE YOUR BEHAVIOR, ABOUT 3%. IF YOU AVERAGE THAT’S OVER HUNDREDS, THOUSANDS OR MILLIONS OF HOUSEHOLDS, THAT ADDS UP. THE FINAL PIECE OF THE PIE IS REGIONAL SAVINGS. WE WORK TOGETHER WITH MORE THAN 140 NORTHWEST UTILITIES TO MOVE THE REGIONAL MARKET BY INFLUENCING RETAILERS TO STOCK DIFFERENT THINGS ON THEIR CELLS AND BY ENSURING THAT THERE IS A PIPELINE OF EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGY COMING DOWN THE LINE. ALL TOLD, ALTOGETHER, IN ONE YEAR WE SAVE ABOUT 14 MEGAWATTS OF ENERGY EQUIVALENT TO 17,000 HOMES. >>THAT IS COMPARED TO THE PREVIOUS YEAR? >>THAT IS THE NEXT SLIDE. >>BEFORE WE MOVED TO THAT, HOW DO YOU MEASURE THAT? I SEE THE NUMBER 20%, HOW DO YOU MEASURE THE IMPACT THE BEHAVIOR ON CONSERVATION? >>WE HAVE A SPECIALIZED PART OF OUR INDUSTRY THAT DOES THAT. WE DO THAT WITH MEASUREMENT AND VERIFICATION AND EVALUATION. WE DO THAT THROUGH STUDIES AND WE LEVERAGE THOSE STUDIES REGIONALLY AND NATIONALLY. IN OTHER WORDS WE KNOW WE CAN LEVERAGE STUDIES FROM WHAT IS DONE IN NEW YORK OR WHAT IS DONE IN CALIFORNIA, OR WHAT IS DONE HERE. >>ON THE BEHAVIOR PROGRAM WE DID USE A CONTROL GROUP. WE HAD FOLKS THAT PARTICIPATE AND WE COMPARE THAT TO A CONTROL GROUP. >>THANK YOU. >>HOW DOES THAT COMPARE TO THE PREVIOUS YEAR? THIS SLIDE IS A 20 YEAR HISTORIC VIEW OF CONSERVATION ACHIEVEMENT OR HOW MUCH ENERGY SAVINGS CONSERVATION PROGRAMS HAVE DELIVERED. IT IS AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CONSERVATION TARGET OR THE REASON WHY WE ARE HERE TODAY. ON THE HORIZONTAL AXIS IS TIME. EVEN THOUGH WE HAVE BEEN DOING CONSERVATION PROGRAMS FOR THE LAST 40 YEARS, I MADE IT SHORTER SO IT IS EASIER TO READ. THE VERTICAL AXIS IS AVERAGE MEGAWATTS, THAT IS ENERGY SAVINGS AND ONE MEGAWATT IS EQUIVALENT TO 1200 RESIDENTIAL HOMES. THE GREEN PART IS THE ENERGY SAVINGS. IF YOU LOOK AT 2018 YOU WILL SEE A FAMILIAR NUMBER, YOU WILL SEE WE ACHIEVED 14 AVERAGE MEGAWATTS. YOU WILL SEE THAT WE WERE ABLE TO ACHIEVE THAT THROUGH LIGHTING. WE HAVE PREDOMINANTLY BEEN GETTING OUR SAVINGS THROUGH LIGHTING OVER TIME. THE OTHER THING I WANT TO DRAW YOUR ATTENTION TO, WHEN YOU LOOK AT THIS ACHIEVEMENT OVER TIME, YOU SEE OUR OPPORTUNITIES SHIFT GRADER AND LOWER. YOU SEE OUR ACHIEVEMENT SHIFTS GREATER AND LOWER. YOU SEE THE PORTFOLIO OF PROGRAMS CHANGES OVER TIME. YOU ALSO SEE THAT THE CONSERVATION TARGET WILL CHANGE OVER TIME. IF I REALLY DIG DOWN, BECAUSE I LIKE TO GET A LITTLE BIT WONKY, YOU WILL SEE THAT WE TECHNICALLY OVERACHIEVE. MEANING THAT WE GET MORE SAVINGS, WE GET MORE SAVINGS ABOVE THE CONSERVATION TARGET. THIS MEANS WE CAPTURE MORE SAVINGS EARLIER THAN WE HAD TO. >>BACK TO MY QUESTION. THE 14 AVERAGE MEGAWATT, WHAT IS THE BASELINE? IS THAT THE PREVIOUS YEAR? >>THE ADDITIONAL ACQUISITION. WE THINK OF ACQUIRING. WE THINK OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AS A RESOURCE AND WE THINK OF ACQUIRING. WE TALKED ABOUT THE CUMULATIVE SAVINGS OF ABOUT 157 MEGAWATTS. THAT IS ADDING THOSE YEARS. FOR INSTANCE, THE TARGET OF 14 IS IN ADDITION TO WHAT WE ARE ALREADY EXPERIENCING, THE CUMULATIVE OF THE YEAR BEFORE IT IS INCREMENTAL. >>GOING BACK TO WHEN? >>1977. >>>THINGS DO ROLL OFF OVER TIME. A MAJOR HAS A LIFE ASSOCIATED WITH IT. >>ANOTHER WAY OF ANSWERING YOUR QUESTION IF I UNDERSTAND IT CORRECTLY, IF YOU LOOK AT 2017 YOU CAN SEE WE ACHIEVED ABOUT 16 AVERAGE MEGAWATTS AND WHAT WE ACHIEVED LAST YEAR WAS ABOUT 14. >>WHERE DOES THAT SPIKE — CAN YOU HELP THE FLESH THIS OUT A LITTLE MORE? HOW DOES THAT SPIKE IN 2017 OCCUR AS COMPARED TO 2018? >>I AM GETTING AHEAD, THERE IS A DOWNWARD TREND IN OPPORTUNITY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION. THE REASON FOR THAT I WILL GET TO IN FUTURE SLIDES. THE PUNCHLINE IS THAT WE HAVE TRANSFORMED THE MARKET. WE ALSO HAVE DIFFERENT LEVELS OF OPPORTUNITY BASED ON THE BUILDING STOCK AND ON THE ENERGY CODES THAT ARE HERE. >>IN 2017 WE HAD LARGER OPPORTUNITY IS THAT A REASONABLE UNDERSTANDING? >>YES. ú>>IN 2018 WE HAD LESS OF AN OPPORTUNITY AND THAT’S HOW WE GOT THIS NUMBER. >>YES. THERE IS A SLIDE I WILL LINGER ON A LITTLE BIT DOWN THE WAY. >>IF YOU THINK ABOUT LIGHTING, THAT’S WHAT WE ALL REMEMBER. WE WENT FROM THE OLD LIGHT BULBS THAT WE USED TO LIKE AND THEN THE COMPACT FLUORESCENT LIGHT BULBS. IF YOU LOOK AT SOME OF THESE PEAKS, THAT WOULD BE KIND OF THE PEAK OF CFL’S. THAT IS WHEN EVERYONE WAS CONVERTING THEIR OLD INCANDESCENCE TO CFL. LIGHTING WAS A HUGE ISSUE AND THEN IT COMES DOWN. NEW TECHNOLOGY EMERGES IN THE FORM OF LED WHICH IS GIVING YOU ADDITIONAL SAVINGS. WHAT HAPPENS IS THE MARKET TRANSFORMS UNTIL NEW TECHNOLOGY COMES THAT PROVIDES A NEW OPPORTUNITY AND YOU WILL SEE THOSE PEAKS AND VALLEYS. >>ALONG THE WAY WE ARE PROVIDING INCENTIVES TO CUSTOMERS AND OTHER MARKET ACTORS TO ACCELERATE THAT ADOPTION AND WHEN IT REACHES A CERTAIN POINT WE WILL LOCK IN THE SAVINGS WITH HIGHER AND HIGHER EFFICIENCY STANDARDS AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL AND THEN HERE IN SEATTLE WE HAVE OUR OWN COMMERCIAL CODE FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS AND WE RATCHET THAT UP. >>>MAYBE YOU WILL TALK ABOUT THIS, ONE OF THE BIG STORIES IS TELEVISIONS. THERE WAS A TIME WHEN YOU COULD BUY AN ENERGY EFFICIENT TELEVISION ESSENTIALLY THAT MARKET WAS TRANSFORMED. NOW YOU CAN’T BUY A NON-ENERGY EFFICIENT TELEVISION. YOU ARE NOT INCENTIVIZING THOSE ANYMORE BECAUSE THERE IS NO BASIS. BONNEVILLE WHO HELPS TO FUND PROGRAMS WITH OUR CUSTOMERS DOES THE SAME THING. KIND OF LIKE WITH ELECTRIC VEHICLES, TESLA WAS PROVIDING ALL THESE INCENTIVES AND WHEN THEY GOT TO A CERTAIN NUMBER IT DROPPED. IT IS A SIMILAR APPROACH. >>THIS SLIDE IS THE END OF CONSERVATION 101. WHAT I WANT TO DO WITH THE NEXT SLIDE IS TALK ABOUT THAT BLACKLINE, THE CONSERVATION TARGET AND HOW WE ARRIVE AT IT. WE ARE REQUIRED TO CALCULATE THAT BLACKLINE, CONSERVATION TARGET, PARTLY BECAUSE WE ARE REQUIRED TO DO SO BY INITIATIVE 937. I’M GOING TO START AT THE UPPER LEFT AND THEN GO DOWN. 937 WAS APPROVED BY VOTERS, IT APPLIES TO ALL LARGE UTILITIES OR THOSE WITH MORE THAN 25,000 CUSTOMERS AND IT REQUIRES UTILITIES TO IDENTIFY AND PURSUE ALL COST-EFFECTIVE CONSERVATION. COST-EFFECTIVE IS AN IMPORTANT WORD BUT WE WILL COME BACK TO IN A BIT. GOING TO THE UPPER RIGHT WE CALCULATE THAT ALL COST- EFFECTIVE CONSERVATION USING METHODOLOGY THAT ARE SET BY THE NORTHWEST POWER IS AN ENTITY BASED IN PORTLAND THAT OVERSEES REGIONAL ENERGY PLANNING FOR OREGON, WASHINGTON IDAHO AND MONTANA. WE ARE REQUIRED TO SET THESE CONSERVATION TARGETS EVERY TWO YEARS. THAT IS WHY WE COME BEFORE YOU EVERY TWO YEARS. WE ARE REQUIRED TO REPORT THE SAVINGS AND TARGETS TO THE STATE. WE SET CONSERVATION TARGET WITH CONSERVATION POTENTIAL ESTIMATE THAT WAS CREATED BY THE NORTHWEST POWER CONSERVATION COUNCIL. THIS ASSESSMENT IS 150 PAGE REPORT, WHICH I BELIEVE YOU GOT A COPY OF. THIS IS THE RESULT OF A YEAR- LONG STUDY THAT WE DID WITH OUR CONSULTANT AND WITH MANY COLLEAGUES ACROSS THE UTILITY. THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT IS TO IDENTIFY HOW MUCH CONSERVATION CITY LIGHT CAN GET IN TWO YEARS, 10 YEARS AND 20 YEARS AND THE INPUT CHANGE, THE ASSUMPTIONS CHANGE WHICH IS WHY WE HAVE TO DO IT EVERY TWO YEARS. >>THIS REPORT IS SPECIFIC TO OUR SERVICE TERRITORY. WHAT IS REALLY FASCINATING IS IN SOME WAYS YOU WOULD THINK THAT WE ARE VERY SIMILAR TO THE, POWER OR VERY SIMILAR TO, BUT WE HAVE DIFFERENT CUSTOMER BASES. TACOMA HAS INDUSTRIAL CUSTOMERS, CHENAULT’S PD HAS HIGH RISES. THAT CHANGES THE AMOUNT AND TIMING OF OPPORTUNITIES THAT WE HAVE. THOUGH WE ARE REQUIRED BY I-937 TO DO THIS ASSESSMENT AND SET THE TARGET, WE USE THE OUTPUTS OF THE CONSERVATION POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT IN A LOT OF WAYS HERE AT THE UTILITY. IT IS A FOUNDATION TO OUR INTEGRATED RESOURCE PLAN. IT IS A FOUNDATION TO LOAD FORECASTING AND IT IS IMPORTANT FOR CONSERVATION PLANNING. >>NOW THAT I HAVE TALKED ABOUT THE CONSERVATION POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT, THE CONSERVATION TARGET. LET’S GET TO THE PUNCHLINE. WHAT IS IT? THE CONSERVTION TARGET FOR 2020 THROUGH 2021, I AM LOOKING AT THE MIDDLE COLUMN IS 21.3 AVERAGE MEGAWATTS. THAT IS THE EQUIVALENT OF 26,000 HOMES, THAT IS OVER TWO YEARS. WE ALSO LOOK AT THE CONSERVATION TARGET OVER 10 YEARS, THAT IS THE RIGHT COLUMN. YOU CAN SEE IT IS 82.7 AVERAGE MEGAWATTS OR 100,000 HOMES. YOU WILL SEE IF YOU LOOK IN THERE THAT THE GREATEST OPPORTUNITY IS WITHIN THE COMMERCIAL SECTOR THERE. THE REASON WHY IS A, WE HAVE DONE A LOT OF PROGRAM ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE RESIDENTIAL SECTOR AND COMMERCIAL SECTOR HAS OPPORTUNITIES THAT IS LESS EXPENSIVE. HOW ABOUT SOME CONTEXT? HOW DOES THIS COMPARE? THIS GETS TO THE QUESTION. THE CONSERVATION TARGET THAT WAS SET TWO YEARS AGO IS ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SLIDE. YOU CAN SEE IT IS 24.6 AVERAGE MEGAWATTS OR THE EQUIVALENT OF ABOUT 30,000 HOMES. YOU CAN SEE THAT THE CURRENT TARGET, THE ONE THAT I AM PRESENTING TODAY IN THE MIDDLE COLUMN IS 21.3 MEGAWATTS. THAT IS ABOUT 13% LOWER. ONE THING I WANT YOU TO NOTICE IS IN THE 2018 THROUGH 2019 STUDY WE INCLUDED STREETLIGHTING WHICH IS A TOPIC THAT CAME UP EARLIER TODAY. THE REASON WHY IT IS NOT INCLUDED IN THE 2020 STUDY IS BECAUSE WE CONVERTED THE MARKET. IT LOOKS LIKE YOU ARE FAMILIAR WITH THAT. >>YES. IT ALSO SAYS THAT. I DO REMEMBER. >>WHAT CHANGED, WHAT CAUSED THAT 13%? THIS IS YOUR SLIDE. THERE ARE THREE REASONS. FIRST, RENEWABLE ENERGY COST HAVE DECREASED BY 27% SINCE THE LAST TIME THAT WE SET THE CONSERVATION TARGET. I MENTIONED BEFORE THAT WE NEED TO GO AFTER ALL COST-EFFECTIVE CONSERVATION AND A KEY INPUT INTO WHAT IS COST-EFFECTIVE IS TO IDENTIFY WHAT IS THE THING THAT WE WOULD PURCHASE. WHAT IS THE SOURCE OF ENERGY THAT WE WOULD PURCHASE IF WE DID NOT DO ENERGY EFFICIENCY, WE WOULD PURCHASE MORE RENEWABLE ENERGY. FROM READING THE HEADLINES IN THE ENERGY SECTOR YOU KNOW THE COST OF RENEWABLES HAS COME DOWN SPECIFICALLY SOLAR AND WIND. THAT IS A WORLDWIDE PHENOMENON. THE SECOND REASON WHY THE TARGET HAS GONE DOWN IS BECAUSE ELECTRICITY DEMAND IS FLAT. WE UPDATE THE LOAD FORECAST EVERY SO OFTEN AND WE DID IT MORE RECENTLY. THE RESULT OF THE LOAD FORECAST SHOW EVEN THOUGH THIS IS A GROWING AND DYNAMIC CITY FILLED WITH CRANES, I SAW A LOT THIS MORNING ON MY WAY IN, ELECTRICITY DEMAND IS FLAT. THAT IS PARTLY DUE TO THE 40 YEARS OF CONSERVATION HISTORY THAT WE HAVE. LASTLY, THIS GETS AT THE MARKET TRANSFORMATION THAT DEBRA AND CRAIG TALKED ABOUT. WE HAVE A LOT OF NEW ENERGY CODES. THE 2019 LEGISLATIVE SESSION AT THE STATE INTRODUCED AND PASSED A BUNCH OF NEW ENERGY CODES AND STANDARDS AND THAT IS GREAT FOR ALL WASHINGTONIANS THAT MEANS THAT EVERYONE GETS EQUIPMENT. BUT IT MAKES IT MORE CHALLENGING FOR US AS A YOU’LL TILT UTILITY BECAUSE WE OFFER PROGRAMS. DID I ANSWER YOUR QUESTION? >>ONCE A CUSTOMER IS REQUIRED TO DO SOMETHING THERE IS NO LONGER A REASON TO PROVIDE AN INCENTIVE. THAT IS WHAT WE ARE TALKING ABOUT. THE OTHER THING I WOULD SAY, THIS GOES TO THE FIRST POINT, EARLIER YOU PROVIDED A GREAT DEFINITION OF CONSERVATION AND WHAT I WANT TO SAY IS CONSERVATION IS ONE TYPE OF WHAT WE CALL DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCE. THIS PUTS IT INTO CONTEXT. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCES ARE ANYTHING OTHER THAN CENTRAL JEN. HYDRO POWER IS CENTRALIZED GENERALIZATION. WHAT TRUE IS CUSTOMERS ARE ALSO INCREASINGLY INTERESTED IN OTHER FORMS OF DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCES BECAUSE AS THOSE PRICE POINTS HAVE COME DOWN IT IS MORE ACCESSIBLE TO MORE PEOPLE. >>COUNCILMEMBER MORALES. >>THIS IS ALL VERY INTERESTING AND RAISES A FEW QUESTIONS FOR ME THAT I THINK ARE CONNECTED. I WILL JUST ASK THEM AND YOU CAN ANSWER AS YOU THINK IS APPROPRIATE. WE KNOW THAT THE TARGETS HAVE GONE DOWN A LITTLE AND YOU EXPLAINED WHY, MY QUESTION IS, MY UNDERSTANDING IS YOU SAID SOMETHING ABOUT BASICALLY THE LOW HANGING FRUIT WE HAVE TAKEN AND NOW THINGS HAVE CHANGED. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR FUTURE TARGETS AND WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR ADDITIONAL CONSERVATION MEASURES, AND WHAT DOES THIS ELECTRICITY — HOW DOES ELECTRICITY DEMAND CHANGE IF WE START MOVING TOWARD BUILDING MORE ELECTRIFICATION. >>GREAT QUESTIONS. >>MY UNDERSTANDING IS WE ARE BUILDING 2/3 OF OUR BUILDINGS ARE ALL ELECTRIC. IF WE TRY TO MOVE TOWARD REQUIRING 100% OR MOVING IN THAT DIRECTION, HOW DOES THAT CHANGE? >>I AM GOING TO TAKE A STAB AT YOUR QUESTIONS, PLEASE BRING ME BACK IF I DON’T ADDRESS ALL OF THEM. WE DO THE CONSERVATION POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT AND WE SET THIS TARGET BASED ON INFORMATION THAT WE HAVE AT THE TIME. THE BEST AVAILABLE INFORMATION THAT WE HAD AT THE TIME SAID THAT OUR LOAD FORECAST IS FLAT. WHAT WE SEE COMING DOWN THE PIKE IS POTENTIALLY A FUTURE WITH MORE ELECTRIFICATION THROUGH VEHICLES AND POTENTIALLY DUE TO CARBON LEGISLATION. IF THOSE COME TO PASS OR AS THOSE COME TO PASS THAT WILL IMPACT THE LOAD FORECAST AND IT WILL IMPACT GREATLY OUR OPPORTUNITY FOR CONSERVATION GOING FORWARD. BASED OFF THE INFORMATION WE HAVE CURRENTLY IT IS A DOWNWARD TREND. IF YOU ASK ME WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN TWO YEARS FROM NOW, I WOULD SAY BASED ON INFORMATION THAT WE HAVE NOW IT IS DOWNWARD TRENDING. SUBJECT TO WHAT HAPPENS WITH LEGISLATION AND HOW MUCH ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION TAKES OFF WE COULD BE SEEING A DIFFERENT STORY. >>WE ARE GETTING READY TO DO A COUPLE OF STUDIES RIGHT NOW TO LOOK AT WHAT THE IMPLICATIONS OF MASS ELECTRIC ATION ARE FOR THE FREE UTILITY SYSTEM FOR BUILDINGS AND TRANSPORTATION. WE ARE KICKING OFF A PIECE OF WORK WITH THE ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE AND WE WILL LOOK AT A COUPLE OF SCENARIOS, ONE WILL BE OVER THE PLANNING FOR THE INTEGRATED RESOURCE PLAN WHICH IS A 20 YEAR PLANNING AND BASED ON A STATEMENT OF LEGISLATIVE INTENT THOSE ADOPTED BY THE COUNCIL WE WILL BE LOOKING AT WHAT ARE THOSE IMPACTS LIKELY TO BE IF WE WERE TO HAVE ACCELERATED ADOPTION BY 2030. >>RIGHT NOW IN THE LOAD FORECAST, I’M GOING OFF OF MEMORY. I BELIEVE WE CONTINUE TO SHOW LOADS DECLINING FOR AT LEAST ANOTHER 10 YEARS. THAT IS WITH THE CURRENT FORECAST FROM METRO AND FERRIES AND OTHERS. WE ARE HAVE HEARD THEY ARE INTERESTED IN ACCELERATING THEIR DEPLOYMENT OF ELECTRIC. THAT CERTAINLY WILL ACCELERATE THAT. IT IS A DECLINE FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS. BY THE WAY, JUST BECAUSE IT IS ALWAYS WORTH PUTTING THIS IN, THAT IS ONE OF THE PRIMARY CHALLENGES THAT WE FACE WHICH IS HOW TO CONTINUE TO DO THE RIGHT THING, DO WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS WANT AND PRIORITIZE RESPONSIBLE USE OF THIS CRITICAL RESOURCE WHILE WE MANAGE THE AFFORDABILITY IMPACTS OF CONTINUOUSLY DECREASING LOAD. >>I HAVE A NUMBER OF OTHER QUESTIONS AND I KNOW THE COMMITTEE HAS QUITE A BIT TO GET TO. MAYBE IF WE COULD FOLLOW UP WITH A MEETING AND IF WE NEED TO PUT QUESTIONS ON THE RECORD I WILL FOLLOW-UP AT THE PUBLIC HEARING. >>SOUNDS GREAT. >>I HAVE ONE MORE SLIDE. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR SEATTLE CITY LIGHT WORKS IT MEANS THAT CONSERVATION REMAINS A GOOD VALUE FOR THE UTILITY AND WE WILL CONTINUE OUR STRONG INVESTMENT IN CONSERVATION. CONSERVATION IS A CORNERSTONE OF HOW WE RUN THE UTILITY AND WILL CONTINUE TO OFFER A PORTFOLIO OF PROGRAMS FOR RESIDENTIAL, LOW INCOME, COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL CUSTOMERS. THIS IS ALSO A LITTLE BIT OF A CANARY IN THE COAL MINE. THINGS ARE CHANGING AND OUR WORLD IS CHANGING AND WE HAVE TO CHANGE TO. OUR OPPORTUNITIES ARE EVOLVING SPECIFICALLY IN THE FUTURE WE WILL BE OFFERING MORE HOPE BUILDING PROGRAMS AND SOLUTIONS THAN LESS OF THINGS LIKE LIGHTING WHICH IS CHEAP AND EASY TO DO. IT MEANS THAT IN THE FUTURE WE WILL BE OFFERING MORE SOCIAL EQUITY PROGRAMS EVEN THOUGH OUR PROGRAMS HAVE BEEN REALLY SUCCESSFUL OVER TIME THERE ARE POCKETS THAT WE HAVE MISSED AND WE NEED TO TARGET OUR INVESTMENTS THERE. THIRD, WE WILL CONSIDER LOCATION AND TIME VALUE OF CONSERVATION. CONSERVATION WHEN TARGETED CAN REALLY HELP WITH AREAS OF THE GRID THAT ARE STRETCHED. IF WE FOCUS WHERE WE OFFER CONSERVATION IN THOSE AREAS THERE IS A LOT OF GREAT BENEFITS FINANCIALLY THAT WE CAN BRING TO THE UTILITY AND TO OUR CUSTOMER OWNERS. LASTLY, WE TALKED ABOUT THIS, WITH THE FUTURE AS WE MARCH TOWARDS ELECTRIFICATION WITH VEHICLES AND POTENTIALLY WITH CARBON LEGISLATION, THERE IS AN INCREASED NEED FOR CONSERVATION OVER TIME. OUR OPPORTUNITIES ARE CHANGING, OUR COMMITMENT TO CONSERVATION REMAINS STRONG. THANK YOU. >>THANK YOU. >>JUST TWO QUICK NOTES. I THINK YESTERDAY WE TRANSMITTED A MEMO ON TWO OF OUR PROGRAMS THAT ARE KIND OF NEW AND THEY DO KIND OF WHOLE BUILDING AND IT IS PERFORMANCE- BASED ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY AS A SERVICE. YOU WILL GET INFORMATION ABOUT THAT. THOSE ARE PROBABLY THE TWO NEWEST PROGRAMS THAT CRAIG AND HIS TEAM HAVE LAUNCHED ENERGY EFFICIENCY AS A SERVICE IN PARTICULAR WE ARE A LEADER IN RELEASING THAT PROGRAM. >>ONE OF A KIND IN THE INDUSTRY. NOT JUST IN THE U. S. BUT GLOBALLY. I HAVE BEEN AT THIS, DEBORAH MENTIONED THE YEARS OF EXPERIENCE, I HAVE BEEN AT THIS FOR 42 YEARS AND I HAVE HAD THE PRIVILEGE OF HAVING A CLEAN ENERGY JOB MY ENTIRE CAREER. AT NO POINT HAVE I SEEN THIS MUCH CHANGE AND EXCITING CHANGE AS WHAT IS GOING ON NOW. WE AT CITY LIGHTS ARE IN A GOOD DECISION TO INNOVATE AND LEAD THE INDUSTRY IN THE FUTURE. >>TRULY THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY AS A SERVICE IT WAS A HARD LIFT. THESE GUYS WERE SUPER SUCCESSFUL BECAUSE THEY WERE ABLE TO BRING EVERYBODY ALONG. NOT EVERYBODY GOT WHAT THEY WANTED BUT EVERYONE MOVED ALONG AND I THINK EVERYONE IS HAPPY WITH THE PRODUCT. IT WAS NOT EASY. THE OTHER THING, COUNCILMEMBER MORALES I SAW YOU CIRCLE SOMETHING THAT I WANT TO CALL OUT, WE DO HAVE A PILOT UNDERPLAY RIGHT NOW CALL THE ENERGY EQUITY PROGRAM. THAT IS A PILOT THAT IS SPECIFICALLY BEING OFFERED FOR SOME OF OUR LOWEST INCOME HOUSEHOLDS. THAT IS A GREAT EXAMPLE OF WHAT JESSICA IS TALKING ABOUT BECAUSE IT HAS WRAPAROUND SERVICES. CUSTOMERS GET A REDUCED RATE AND THAT IS A PROGRAM THAT THEY WERE VERY INVOLVED IN DOING. THEY GET A FLAT AS OPPOSED TO A TWO-YEAR RATE WITHOUT A FIXED COST BUT THEY GET A LOT OF SERVICES WRAPPED AROUND THEM. WE HOPE CUSTOMERS WITH SHORT- TERM AFFORDABILITY, WE HELP THE CUSTOMER BY UPGRADING THE BUILDING STOCK SO THAT THEY HAVE LOWER ONGOING COST. WE ARE ALWAYS LOOKING FOR THINGS THAT WE CAN DO THAT PLAY INTO THOSE DIFFERENT MARKETS. >>ANOTHER ONE, IF I CAN TAKE A MINUTE TO HIGHLIGHT THE WORK WE ARE DOING WITH THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CONSORTIUM TO LOOK AT HOW WE CAN REDUCE THE LONG- TERM COST FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING WITH A COMBINATION OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND DISTRIBUTED RESOURCES. >>THANK YOU. ANY FINAL COMMENTS? >>I THINK YOU MAY HAVE MENTIONED THIS AT THE START, WHAT ARE THE NEXT STEPS? THE MEMO SAID THAT THERE IS A PUBLIC HEARING. >>WE WILL HAVE THE PUBLIC HEARING AT THE NEXT COMMITTEE MEETING. WE WANTED TO HAVE THE INITIAL PRESENTATION AND HAVE QUESTIONS. IT WILL COME BACK FOR THE FORMAL PUBLIC HEARING PART AND THEN WE WILL ADVANCE FROM THERE. >>I WOULD LOVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO FOLLOW UP WITH YOU ALL. >>WE WILL WORK ON SCHEDULING THAT WITH YOUR OFFICE. THANK YOU. >>THANK YOU. >>THANK YOU. >>>THE SECOND ITEM OF BUSINESS CONCERNS AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN SOUND TRANSIT AND THE CITY OF SEATTLE FOR THE NORTHGATE PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE BRIDGE. >>COUNSEL BILL 119741>>>AN ORDINANCE RELATING TO THE CENTRAL PUGET SOUND REGIONAL TRANSIT AUTHORITY (“SOUND TRANSIT”); AUTHORIZING EXECUTION OF A FUNDING AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT FOR NORTHGATE STATION AREA ACCESS IMPROVEMENTS BETWEEN SOUND TRANSIT AND THE CITY OF SEATTLE; AND RATIFYING AND CONFIRMING CERTAIN PRIOR ACTS. >>THANK YOU. WELCOME TO OUR GUESTS. WE WILL GET YOU SET UP ON THE POWERPOINT. >>LET’S START WITH INTRODUCTIONS, ERIC STRAUCH PROJECT MANAGER FOR THE SEATTLE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND >>BILL LABORDE FROM THE CELL DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION. >>I WILL KICK IT OFF. WE TALKED ABOUT OUR VISION AND MISSION BEFORE AND NOTING THAT ARE SIX CORE VALUES FOR THE SEATTLE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ARE EQUITY, SAFETY, SUSTAINABILITY, LIVABILITY AND EXCELLENCE. I WOULD SAY THAT THIS IS A PROJECT THAT TOUCHES ON ALL SIX BUT IT ALSO SHOWS THE DEPARTMENT’S PERSISTENCE BECAUSE WE HAVE HAD THIS FOR QUITE A WHILE. >>WE ARE GOING TO GET THE POWERPOINT PRESENTATION SET UP. >>WE WILL HAVE THIS SET UP IN A MOMENT. I APPRECIATE EVERYONE’S PATIENCE. >>I CAN START. WHILE WE ARE WAITING FOR THE SLIDE TO COME BACK UP I WILL TALK ABOUT THE BACKGROUND. THIS PROJECT, THE PED BRIDGE AND OTHER PROJECTS THAT WE WILL TALK ABOUT GO BACK TO CONVERSATIONS THAT BEGAN IN 2010 INVOLVING METRO, KING COUNTY METRO, SOUND TRANSIT AND THE CITY. AT THE TIME COUNCILMEMBER RICHARD: WAS THE MEMBER OF SOUND TRANSIT AND HE REPRESENTED THE CITY. WE HAD A LOT OF INVOLVEMENT FROM THE MAPLE LEAF COMMUNITY. I THINK EVERYONE’S INTEREST WAS IN SEEING THE NORTHGATE STATION AREA WOULD NOT JUST TURN INTO A PARK AND RIDE THAT IT WOULD BE THE CORE OF THE TRINITY BUILT AROUND THE LIGHT RAIL STATION. BY 2012 THOSE CONVERSATIONS HAD MOVED INTO AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE THREE PARTIES THAT KING COUNTY METRO WOULD TAKE THE LEAD ON TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT AND THAT THE CITY AND SOUND TRANSIT WOULD PARTNER IN FUNDING IF POSSIBLE A PED BRIDGE ACROSS I- FIVE TWO NORTH SEATTLE COLLEGE AND A SERIES OF PROJECTS THAT ERIC WILL TALK IN MORE DETAIL ABOUT IN A FEW MINUTES. >>BILL, YOU ARE TRYING TO MULTITASK. WHEN YOU SAY THAT KING COUNTY METRO IS TAKING THE LEAD, CAN YOU TELL ME WHAT YOU MET MEANT? >>THAT IS THE LAST PART THAT NEEDS TO FALL INTO PLACE. THEY ARE THE PROPERTY OWNER AND THEY OF COURSE HAVE COMPLETED A COUPLE OF DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS THAT ONE WAS SENIOR HOUSING FOCUSED AND THE OTHER IS MARKET FOCUSED AND HOW RETAIL, THEY HAVE COMPLETED THOSE PROJECTS BEFORE THESE CONVERSATIONS HAVE GOTTEN GOING. THEY DO HAVE SOME EXPENSE WITH DEVELOPMENT ON TRANSFER SITES AROUND THE COUNTY. THEY OFFERED TO CONTINUE TO TAKE THE LEAD AS THE PROPERTY OWNER. >>TAKING THE LEAD IS BY MERIT OF THEM OWNING THE PROPERTY. AS THE OWNERS OF THE PROPERTY THEY WILL MANAGE THE PROCESS FOR IDENTIFYING A DEVELOPER, DOING RP’S. >>>CORRECT. KING COUNTY METRO AS THE PROPERTY OWNER, IS THE LEAD. BY 2012 THERE WERE AGREEMENTS IN PLACE. THE COUNCIL AT THE TIME PASSED A RESOLUTION MEMORIALIZING OR ARTICULATING THOSE AGREEMENTS. THE SOUND TRANSIT BOARD ALSO PASSED A MOTION WITH A WRITTEN AGREEMENT, MO WAY WAS NEVER PUT INTO PLACE. THE NEXT STEP IN THE PROCESS WAS 2015 THE LEVEES THAT SEATTLE PAST AND ALSO THE STATE PASSED A TRANSPORTATION PACKAGE CONNECTING WASHINGTON THAT INCLUDED $10 MILLION FOR THE PED BRIDGE PROJECT. >>THIS IS GOOD INFORMATION IN THIS OVERVIEW. IS THERE A CURRENT COST BREAK OUT OF WHO IS PAYING WHAT? I REMEMBER AT THE TIME CONNECTING WASHINGTON AND MOVE SEATTLE LEVY WERE PASSED, $10 MILLION WERE PUT IN FOR EACH ENTITY BECAUSE THE APPROXIMATE COST WAS ABOUT, I THINK IT HAD RISEN TO 35 MILLION. I UNDERSTAND TODAY WE ARE AT 52 MILLION. I WANT TO JUST, FOR THE RECORD TO REFLECT, THESE ARE NORMAL ESCALATION COST. I’M INTERESTED TO KNOW MORE ABOUT AS THE COST ESCALATE, HOW ARE WE ABLE TO DIVIDE THE COST SHARING? >>SUB TRANSIT COMMITMENT WAS $10 MILLION AND 5 MILLION FOR THE PED BRIDGE AND 5 MILLION FOR THE OTHER PROJECTS. EVEN IF WE COULD NOT HAVE MOVE FORWARD ON THE HEAD BRIDGE THEY WERE COMMITTED TO 5 MILLION FOR THE BICYCLE PEDESTRIAN ACCESS FOR THE FIRST AVENUE NORTHEAST. ALSO SIDEWALK ACCESS PROJECTS. THE STATE COMMITTED 10 MILLION AND WE HAD ANOTHER, I THINK 15 MILLION AND THE LEVY, AT LEAST 10 MILLION IN THE LEVY, THE ESCALATION IS A LITTLE BIT OF A COMPLICATED STORY BECAUSE THE FIRST COST ESTIMATES THAT WERE FLOATED WERE ACTUALLY FLOATED BEFORE 2012 WHEN THIS WAS A PROJECT PROPOSED BY KING COUNTY METRO AND THE CITY AND THEY NEVER HAD DONE ANY ENGINEERING ON THE PROJECT. IT WAS JUST A COST ESTIMATE. WHEN WE STARTED DOING ENGINEERING WE STARTED TO SEE HIGHER COST AND ALTERED THE DESIGN TO GET IT WITHIN THE BUDGET THAT THE CITY COULD AFFORD WITH CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE STATE AND SOUND TRANSIT. >>THERE IS A BIG DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A BRIDGE ACROSS THE FREEWAY AND A BRIDGE THAT CONNECTS THE COMMUNITIES THAT NEED TO BE CONNECTED. >>I THINK THE CONSTRUCTION COST ARE PRETTY CONSISTENT WITH SOME OF THE EARLIER COST ESTIMATES THAT WERE FLOATED IN 2012, THERE ARE OTHER SOFT COSTS ON TOP OF THAT AND ESCALATION. >>AND EIGHT YEARS DOWN THE ROAD. IF WE DO NOT HAVE A COST BREAK OUT TODAY WE CAN FOLLOW UP AFTER COMMITTEE. >>THERE IS ONE IN THE AGREEMENT. I WILL LET ERIC TAKE OVER FROM HERE. >>PART OF THE AGREEMENT WITH SOUND TRANSIT INVOLVES NONMOTORIZED ACCESS PROJECTS. THANK YOU. I DO NOT PLAN ON GOING OVER THESE INDIVIDUALLY BUT WE DO HAVE SEVERAL SHOWING. WE HAVE 10 DIFFERENT PROJECTS THAT WERE DONE BETWEEN BICYCLE, PEDESTRIAN LANES, GREENWAYS, THOSE KINDS OF NONMOTORIZED IMPROVEMENTS. HERE WE HAVE A RENDERING OF WHAT THE PROJECT WILL LOOK LIKE. I WILL START WITH NUMBER ONE WHICH IS ON THE NORTH SOUND COLLEGE SIDE. AS YOU MOVE EAST WE HAVE OVERLOOKED AREA THAT WE HAVE DONE TO LOOK AT THE WETLAND AREA. THREE AND FOUR IS WHERE WE SPAN OVER I-5. THERE IS ANOTHER RESTING AREA AT THE CORNER OF NUMBER FOUR AND THE STRUCTURE HEADS TO THE NORTH WHERE IT CONNECTS TO THE SOUND TRANSIT STATION AND THE PEDESTRIANS ALSO HAVE THE OPTION OF GOING DOWN THE STRUCTURE TO FIRST AND 100th AVENUE. HERE ARE A COUPLE OF RENDERINGS ON WHAT IT WILL LOOK LIKE ON THE BRIDGE. AS PART OF THE AGREEMENT WE ARE CONNECTING TO THE SOUND TRANSIT LIGHT RAIL STATION WHICH YOU CAN SEE ON THE BOTTOM OF THE RENDERING. >>I WILL JUST NOTE THAT THE AGREEMENT INCLUDES SEVERAL PROVISIONS INCLUDING AFFIRMING THE CITY AND SOUND TRANSIT RESPONSIBILITIES FOR ALL OF THE ACCESS PROJECTS. SOME OF THEM ARE UNDERWAY ALREADY. THE BRIDGE JUST BROKE GROUND. IT ALSO AFFIRMS THAT IN THE END, WHEN THE PROJECT IS COMPLETED, WHO OWNS WHAT, SOUND TRANSIT, THE STATION AND THE CITY WILL OWN THE OTHER ASSETS INCLUDING THE HEAD BIKE BRIDGE. >>AS PART OF THE AGREEMENT WE HAVE EXHIBIT B THAT SHOWS THE PROJECT LIST WHICH ARE THE NONMOTORIZED PROJECTS AND ALSO THE BRIDGE ITSELF AS THE LEAD AGENCY FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW, SOUND TRANSIT HAS THE DOCUMENTS WHICH WE HAVE BEEN COORDINATING WITH THEM AS WE WENT THROUGH THE DESIGN PROCESS. GRANT INSTRUCTION FOR ACCESS TO THE PED BRIDGE. BOTH PROJECTS WILL COORDINATOR WE RIGHT NOW WE HAVE BY ILLEGALLY BIWEEKLY MEETINGS TO MAKE SURE WE ARE STAYING IN SYNC WITH EACH OTHER. THE CITY IS REQUIRED TO ESTABLISH AN AGREEMENT WITH THE WS ADOPT AN ARMY CORPS PERMITS. WE HAVE GOTTEN IN CONTACT WITH WADOT. SOUND TRANSIT HAS BEEN WORKING ON THE STATION FOR QUITE A WHILE BUT WE ARE CATCHING UP. >>ARE WE NAMED NAMING THIS BRIDGE? >>THE BRIDGE HAS NOT BEEN NAMED. THERE IS WORK GOING ON WITH COUNCILMEMBER JUAREZ TO WORK ON THE NAMING OF THE BRIDGE. >>WE WILL LET THE COUNCIL WAY IN AND THE PUBLIC. >>SO IT WILL NOT BE THE McCRAKEN. >>THAT IS A NAME WE ARE NOT SUPPORTING. >>JUST A COUPLE OF POINTS. THERE IS A LOT OF STANDARD BOILERPLATE IN THE AGREEMENT INCLUDING INDEMNIFICATION WHICH IS ALWAYS A TRICKY ISSUE BETWEEN THE CITY AND OTHER PUBLIC AGENCIES. WE HAVE DONE ENOUGH AGREEMENTS WITH SOUND TRANSIT THAT WE HAVE THAT DOWN AND THE INDEMNIFICATION IS WHAT EVERYONE WOULD EXPECT IS THAT EVERYONE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR WORK, THEIR WORKERS, THEIR CONTRACTORS TO THE EXTENT THAT THEY ARE A JOINT LIABILITY TO THE EXTENT THAT WE WILL INDEMNIFY EACH OTHER. >>JUST TO FOLLOW UP ON COUNCILMEMBER STRAUSS’S QUESTION. WE DO HAVE EXHIBIT D WHICH IS HELPFUL TO SHOW THE COST TO DATE. HOWEVER, I THINK WHAT WE ARE LOOKING FOR, WE ARE VERY EXCITED ABOUT THIS PROJECT, WE ARE LOOKING FOR A BASIC SOURCES OF FUNDS AND THE USES AND THE CONSTRUCTION COST FOR THE TOTAL PROJECT, TO ADD THAT AS AN ITEM. >>WE CAN PROVIDE YOU MORE INFORMATION ON THE CURRENT COST AND I WILL SAY THAT AGAIN, THE STATE HAS CAPPED A $10 MILLION CONTRIBUTION WHICH IS IN THE PROCESS OF BEING PAID TO THE CITY AND IT SHOULD NOT BE AFFECTED BY 976. AND THE SOUND TRANSIT CONTRIBUTION IS IN THIS AGREEMENT AND WILL BE CHARGING AGAINST THAT $10 MILLION CONTRIBUTION. >>IT IS JUST USEFUL TO SEE BOTH SOURCES AND USES TOGETHER IN ONE DOCUMENT. THAT IS ONE OF THE THINGS IN THE NEW IMPROVED FISCAL NOTE IS TO HAVE THAT UNIFORM DESCRIPTION OF HERE IS WHERE THE MONEY IS COMING FROM, HERE IS WHERE IT IS GOING SO WE DO NOT HAVE TO PIECE IT TOGETHER. >>JUST TO BE CLEAR, THE REST OF THE FUNDING FOR THE PROJECT IS COMING FROM THE CITY BEYOND THOSE TWO CONTRIBUTIONS. >>THANK YOU. >>THE SCHEDULE, WE HAVE STARTED CONSTRUCTION. RIGHT NOW WE ARE ON PATH TO HAVE THE BRIDGE OPEN IN THE FALL OF 2021, WHICH LINES UP WITH WHAT WE ARE HEARING FROM SOUND TRANSIT ON WHEN THEY PLAN ON OPENING THAT STATION. YOU WILL NOT GET A HARD DATE FROM SOUND TRANSIT AT THIS TIME, BUT WE ARE TRYING TO WORK TOGETHER FOR WHEN WE BOTH OPEN. >>GREAT. ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS? >>CHAIR, THIS MAY BE SOMETHING IN MY AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY, I DID NOT RECEIVE A BRIEFING BEFORE THIS COMMITTEE HEARING, COMMITTEE MEETING ABOUT THIS SCOPE SCHEDULE AND AGREEMENT. I TYPICALLY WOULD NOT FEEL COMFORTABLE VOTING ON AN AGREEMENT WITHOUT HAVING A BRIEFING BEFOREHAND. I AM ALLOWING THE RECORD TO REFLECT AND LETTING ALL STAFF NO MOVING FORWARD I WILL NOT TAKE A VOTE ON AGREEMENTS WITHOUT BEING BRIEFED. COMMITTEE PRESENTATION IS HELPFUL ALTHOUGH IT DOES NOT ALLOW THE AMOUNT OF TIME FOR ME TO GO INTO THE DEPTH OF QUESTIONS THAT I REQUIRE TO HAVE ANSWERED TO FILL CONTROL VOTING ON AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE CITY AND ANOTHER ENTITY. BECAUSE OF MY HISTORY WITH THIS PROJECT IN PARTICULAR I AM ABLE TO READ THROUGH THIS AGREEMENT AND FEEL COMFORTABLE. I AM JUST LETTING EVERYONE KNOW THAT THIS WILL BE THE LAST TIME THAT I VOTE ON SOMETHING WITHOUT HAVING A BRIEFING BEFOREHAND. >>DEFINITELY NOTED. >>ANY OTHER COMMENTS, COLLEAGUES? I WOULD LIKE TO HAVE A MOTION TO RECOMMEND PASSAGE OF COUNSEL BUILD BILL 119741 TO PASS ON TO THE FULL COUNCIL. WE GOT A SECOND. ALL THOSE IN FAVOR OF PASSING COUNSEL BILL 119741 PLEASE NDICATE BY VOTING AYE. RICHARD PAN. THOSE OPPOSED, NO. ANY EXTENSIONS? THE MOTION CARRIES. IT WILL BE FORWARDED TO THE FULL COUNCIL. >>THE THIRD ITEM TODAY CONCERNS AUTHORIZING THE CITY TO ACCEPT GRANT FUNDING FOR SPECIFIC CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS. WE WILL READ THAT ITEM INTO THE RECORD. >>COUNSEL BILL 119743>>>AN ORDINANCE RELATING TO GRANT FUNDS FROM NON-CITY SOURCES; AUTHORIZING THE DIRECTOR OF TRANSPORTATION TO ACCEPT SPECIFIED GRANTS AND EXECUTE RELATED AGREEMENTS FOR AND ON BEHALF OF THE CITY; AMENDING ORDINANCE 126000, WHICH ADOPTED THE 2020 BUDGET, INCLUDING THE 2020-2025 CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM (CIP); CHANGING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SEATTLE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION; REVISING ALLOCATIONS AND SPENDING PLANS FOR CERTAIN PROJECTS IN THE 2020-2025 CIP; AND RATIFYING AND CONFIRMING CERTAIN PRIOR ACTS. >>LET’S HAVE INTRODUCTIONS. >>I AM DEVON. >>I AM CHLOE WILKES. >>PLEASE PROCEED. >>AS THE TITLE SUGGESTS. WE ARE HERE TO PRESENT A STANDALONE GRANT ACCEPTANCE ORDINANCE. TYPICALLY YOU SEE GRANT ACCEPTANCE AS PART OF THE QUARTERLY SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL LEGISLATION THAT IS BROUGHT TO YOU. BECAUSE OF THE TIMING OF THE GRANTS THAT WE OFTEN RECEIVE AND DUE TO NEEDING TO GET STARTING ON THE WORK FDOT TYPICALLY BRINGS THIS AROUND THIS TIME EVERY YEAR. WE ARE DOING THAT TODAY. >>I HOPE THIS DOES NOT MEAN THAT WE WILL NOT BE SEEING SUBMITTALS BECAUSE I HAVE NOTICED A BIT OF A DIVERGENCE IN THE SCHEDULE FOR THE SUPPLEMENTALS LAST YEAR. I JUST WOULD HATE TO SEE DEPARTMENT BY DEPARTMENT BEGINNING NEW PRACTICES AND US NOT HAVING THAT HISTORICAL OPPORTUNITY THAT THE COUNCIL HAS TO PARTICIPATE IN THE SUPPLEMENTAL PROCESS. >>THAT IS NOTED. REGARDLESS OF TIMING AND THE FIRST QUARTER SUPPLEMENTAL WE HAVE HAD TO COME ABOUT THIS TIME OF YEAR WITH A REQUEST FOR GRANT APPROVAL JUST BECAUSE OF THE WAY THAT SOME OF OUR GRANT CYCLES WORK. THIS IS NO INDICATION IF THE WAY OF TIMING. >>IN THIS CASE THE GRANT FUNDED PROJECTS HAVE CONSTRUCTION DEADLINES THAT ARE DRIVEN BY SOUND TRANSIT SCHEDULE. WE ARE HOPING TO BEGIN DESIGN THIS SPRING. THAT IS WHY WE BRING THOSE TO YOU OUTSIDE OF THAT QUARTERLY SUPPLEMENTAL PROCESS. >>THE BILL DIDN’T READ — GO BACK. I JUST WANTED TO POINT OUT THE GRANT THAT WE ARE LOOKING AT ACCEPTING WILL APPLY TO THE MOBILITY AND SAFETY VALUES. THE ORDINANCE YOU’RE CONSIDERING ACCEPTS AND UP OPERATE TIME SENSITIVE GRANT. ONE OF WHICH WILL FUND SEVERAL ACCESS PROJECTS NEAR THE JUDKINS PARK LINK LIGHT RAIL STATION AND ONE THAT WILL FUND AS THEIR WAY CONNECTION TO THE STAIRWAY BEACH LINK LIGHT RAIL STATION, I WILL NOT SAY THAT AGAIN. BOTH ARE COMING FROM A FUNDING SOURCE COME THE SOUND TRANSIT AXIS FUND IT WAS A $100 MILLION POT OF MONEY MADE AVAILABLE AS PART OF THE 2016 BALLOT MEASURE. IN THIS COMPETITION $50 MILLION WAS MADE AVAILABLE BUT ONLY $10 MILLION PER SUB AREA. WE WERE COMPETING FOR $10 MILLION AND WE PUT IN APPLICATIONS AND RECEIVED 33% OF THOSE FUNDS. AS FAR AS I’M AWARE NO SUB AREA RECEIVE THE FULL $10 MILLION SO WE CAN EXPECT IN THE NEXT ROUND OF COMPETITION MAYBE HIGHER. WITH THAT I WILL HAND IT OVER TO DAVID. >>WE SUBMITTED TWO APPLICATION PACKAGES AS PART OF THIS ROUND OF AWARDS. THE FIRST ONE BEING THE JENKINS PARK STATION ACCESS. THAT INCLUDED THREE PROJECTS, A TRAIL LIGHTING PROJECT, THE TRAIL THAT CONNECTS A LOT OF SOUTHEAST SEATTLE AND THE PARK AREA WITH THE FUTURE STATION. HIAWATHA PLACE STAIRWAY CONNECTION WHICH IS A DIRECT CONNECTION TO THAT PROJECT FEEDING INTO HIAWATHA PLACE IT’S SELF AND SOME ADA AND WALKWAY GRADES SOUTH OF THE STATION. THE OTHER PACKAGE WAS A PACKAGE OF HIGH-PRIORITY SIDEWALK AND WALKWAY PROJECTS IN SOUTHEAST SEATTLE. AMONG THESE PACKAGES SOUND TRANSIT ONLY SELECTED SEVERAL PROJECTS FROM EACH OF THOSE TO FUND. I HAVE A LIST OF THE TRAIL LIGHTING, WALKWAYS AND STAIRWAY CONNECTION PROJECTS AS PART OF THE PARK PROJECT. THE ONLY OTHER ONE THEY CHOSE TO FUND WAS A NEW STAIRWAY CONNECTION ON SOUTH HENDERSON STREET. FOR THE JUDKINS PARK PACKAGE THE TOTAL AWARD AMOUNT WAS $2.4 MILLION. 900,000 FOR THE SOUTHEAST SEATTLE PACKAGE. A LITTLE BIT ABOUT — >>DO YOU HAVE A LIST OF OTHER PROJECTS THAT WERE REQUESTED AND WHAT DID NOT GET FUNDED >>WE CAN PROVIDE THAT INFORMATION. JUST A LITTLE BIT ABOUT THAT, WE ALSO KIND OF WENT THROUGH A SELECTION PROCESS OF WHAT WE WERE GOING TO APPLY FOR BASED ON A LARGE STATION ACCESS STUDY AROUND THE JUDKINS PARK STATION A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO AND THAT INFORMED WHAT WE WERE REQUESTING TO KNOW WHAT ARE THE PRIORITIES AROUND THE JUDKINS PARK STATION AND WHERE DO THEY FEEL LIKE IMPROVEMENTS ARE NEEDED AND WHAT CAN WE DO IN TIME FOR THE STATION TO OPEN. WITH THAT SIDEWALK PACKAGE IT WAS BASED ON OTHER KENNEDY REQUEST IN THAT PROCESS AS WELL AS A PEDESTRIAN MASTER PLAN PROCESS. JUST A LITTLE BIT ABOUT THE PROJECTS AROUND THE JUDKINS PARK STATION AREA. THE TRAIL LIGHTING PROJECT WHICH YOU CAN SEE ON THE LEFT SIDE HERE, THROUGH THIS PROJECT IT WAS ONE OF THE TOP COMMUNITY PROJECTS IDENTIFIED IN THE STUDY. THE TRAIL WEST OF 23rd ITSELF ARE UNLIT AND THAT CREATES A RECEIVED SAFETY ISSUE AROUND THE STATION. THERE HAS BEEN A LOT OF REQUEST TO UPGRADE THAT LIGHTING. THERE HAS BEEN SOME TRAIL ACCESS POINTS RIGHT NOW. I HAVE A CAUTION SIGNAGE THAT SAYS USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN GOING THROUGH AT NIGHT. A PART OF THAT WILL BE EVALUATED WITH PARTS THAT DO NEED LIGHTING AND ADDING LIGHTING WHERE WE KNOW THERE ARE COMPLETELY UNLIT SECTIONS. ADJACENT TO THIS PROJECT IS THE BLUE LINE NEAR HIAWATHA PLACE SOUTH. WE WILL ALSO PROVIDE A NEW STAIRCASE CONNECTION SO THERE IS CURRENTLY A MAINTAINED DIRT PATH THAT PEOPLE HAVE BEEN TRAVELING TO MAKE A QUICKER CONNECTION BETWEEN THE TRAIL AND HIAWATHA PLACE SOUTH. FORMALIZING THAT CONNECTION WITH A STAIRCASE. AND SOUTH OF THE STATION WE HAVE TWO SEGMENTS OF NEW WALKWAYS THAT WE WILL BE CONSTRUCTING. ONE ON SOUTH PLUM STREET BETWEEN 25th AND AM OKAY JUNIOR WAY. PROVIDING A CONNECTION BETWEEN OUR EXISTING SIDEWALK NETWORK AND THAT FACILITY WHICH WILL ALSO CONNECT UP TO JUDKINS PARK STATION WITH THE EXISTING NETWORK IN THE AREA AND THEN ON 22nd AVENUE SOUTH, LEVERAGING SOME PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT HAPPENING IN THAT AREA TO ACCESS A NEW SCHOOL THAT IS DOWN THERE AS WELL AS CONNECTING TO THE SIDEWALK NETWORK, AND SOME OF THE ARTERIALS IN THAT AREA. BOTH OF THESE PROJECTS ARE PLANNED FOR CONSTRUCTION IN 2022 BEFORE THE OPENING OF THE LIGHT RAIL STATION. THE SOUTH HENDERSON STAIRWAY PROJECT WHICH WAS THE ONLY OTHER PROJECT FUNDED FROM THE SOUTHEAST SEATTLE SIDEWALKS AND WALKWAYS PROJECT, THIS WAS A CONNECTION FOR PEDESTRIAN MASTER PLAN PROCESS AND A LONG- STANDING REQUEST OF SOME OF THE NEIGHBORS IN THE AREA. THIS WILL CREATE A FORMALIZED CONNECTION WHERE WE HAVE UNIMPROVED RIGHT AWAY ALONG SOUTH HENDERSON STREET THAT WOUL CONNECT THE STOCK BEACON HILL DIRECTLY TO REGNIER BEACH LIGHT RAIL STATION. IT IS A STEEP OVERGROWN AREA. THE EXISTING STREET NETWORK CONNECTION USING EXISTING STREETS AND SIDEWALKS IN SOME CASES WOULD REQUIRE ABOUT HALF MILE WALK AROUND USING [ INDISCERNIBLE ] IT REALLY OPENS UP THE STATION AND MAKES TRANSIT MORE ACCESSIBLE FOR A LOT OF THE NEIGHBORS. >>IS THIS ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF A CONNECTION THAT IS BEING INFORMALLY USED? >>THERE IS KIND OF A DIRT PATH BUT IT IS STEEP AND IT GETS MUDDY. >>THIS PROJECT IS PLANNED FOR CONSTRUCTION NEXT YEAR. A LITTLE FARTHER ADVANCED IN DESIGN. >>ANY QUESTIONS FROM COLLEAGUES? >>I ECHO COUNCILMEMBER MORALES’S REQUEST FOR A FULL LIST OF PROJECTS THAT WERE REQUESTED THAT ENDED UP NOT BEING FUNDED IN REGARDS TO COUNCILMEMBER HERBOLD’S REQUEST HAVING WORKED FOR THE FINANCE CHAIR AND STAFF AND TRANSPORTATION ISSUES. I UNDERSTAND THAT THERE IS A HISTORICAL USE COMING TO THIS COMMITTEE FOR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROJECT FUNDING GRANT ACCEPTANCE. I DO BELIEVE THAT PUTTING IT INTO THE FINANCE COMMITTEE AND ALIGNING IT WITH OUR CORE IS A BEST PRACTICE IS SOMETHING THAT I REQUEST WE ALL LOOK INTO. >>ANY OTHER COMMENTS? ALL RIGHT. I WOULD MOVE THAT WE ADOPT THIS OR RECOMMEND THAT WE ADOPT THIS COUNSEL BILL 119743. >>ALL THOSE IN FAVOR INDICATE BY SAYING AYE AND RAISING YOUR HAND. ALL THOSE OPPOSED. THIS ITEM CARRIES ON TO THE FULL COUNCIL COUNSEL BILL 119743. THANK YOU. >>LET’S READ THE FOURTH ITEM INTO THE RECORD. >>COUNSEL BILL 119744.>>>AN ORDINANCE RELATING TO THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION’S HAZARD MITIGATION PROGRAM; AUTHORIZING THE DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TO ACQUIRE, ACCEPT, AND RECORD ON BEHALF OF THE CITY OF SEATTLE, 11 CATCHMENT WALL EASEMENTS FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROTECTING THE ADJACENT ROADWAY OF SUPERFICIAL EROSION OF ADJACENT SLOPES ALONG A PORTION OF REGNIER AVENUE SOUTH PLACING THE REAL PROPERTY RIGHTS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE SEATTLE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND RATIFYING AND CONFIRMING CERTAIN PRIOR ACTS. >>LET’S START WITH INTRODUCTIONS. >>>>MY NAME IS KATE LOU. >>GRETCHEN HEIDEL. >>WE ARE COMING TO YOU TODAY TO ASK FOR YOUR APPROVAL OF ACCEPTING 11 EASEMENTS FOR THE REGNIER AVENUE SOUTH MITIGATON PROJECT. WE WILL BE LOOKING AT THE BACKGROUND AREA EXISTING EXISTENCE PROPOSAL COST DURATION AND PROVIDE AN UPDATE ON THE PROJECT DURING THIS PRESENTATION. HISTORICALLY THERE HAVE BEEN MANY LANDSLIDES RECORDED ALONG RAINIER AVENUE SOUTH BETWEEN SOUTH CARVER STREET AND THE SOUTH CITY LIMITS RESULTING IN DEBRIS BLOCKING THE PUBLIC RIGHT AWAY. IN 2000 FDOT [INDISCERNIBLE] FDOT COMMISSIONED THE GEOGRAPHICAL SURVEY ALONG THE CORRIDOR AND DETERMINED IT TO BE AT A MODERATE TO HIGH RISK LANDSLIDE HAZARD. >>GIVEN THIS ASSESSMENT AND VARIOUS HISTORY OF LANDSLIDES, INCIDENCES. THE CITY BELIEVES THERE IS A HIGH PROBABILITY OF RECURRENCE. THESE LANDSLIDES BLOCK SIDEWALKS AND CREATE HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS FOR ALL MODES OF TRANSPORTATION. IN ADDITION THE CITY HAS AT TIMES HAD TO CLOSE PORTIONS OF THE SIDEWALK. AND STREETS IN RESPONSE TO PUBLIC SAFETY CONCERNS ALONG THE IMPACTED SEGMENTS OF RAINIER AVENUE SOUTH. CREWS HAVE HAD TO CONDUCT CLEANUP EFFORTS TO REMOVE DEBRIS AND RECOVER SIDEWALKS THROUGHOUT THE YEARS IN RESPONSE TO THESE CHALLENGES. IN EARLY 2016, A 60 FOOT SEGMENT OF RETAINING WALL WAS CONSTRUCTED TO DETECT A PORTION OF RAINIER SOUTH NEAR SOUTH PERRY STREET AS A RESPONSE TO TWO SIGNIFICANT LANDSLIDES OCCURRING FROM THE SAME SLOPE WITHIN TWO WEEKS OF EACH OTHER. FUNDING IS NOW AVAILABLE TO CONSTRUCT. INFRASTRUCTURE TO MITIGATE RIGHT AWAY DUE TO APPROACHING DEBRIS FROM THE ADJACENT STREET. THIS VICINITY MAP OUTLINES THE AREAS ALONG RAINIER AVENUE SOUTH THAT THE PROJECT TEAM HAS IDENTIFIED FOR REPLACEMENT OF A GRAVITY WHILE DEPENDING UPON THE SLOPE CHARACTERISTIC TO PROTECT THE ADJACENT SEGMENT OF THE STREET CORRIDOR. THIS LEGISLATION ACCEPTS 11 CATCHMENT WALL EASEMENTS OBTAINED BY PRIVATE PROPERTY OWNERS TO CONSTRUCT AND MAINTAIN THE WALLS AND PLACES PROPERTY RIGHTS UNDER SDOT JURISDICTION. CONSIDERATION FOR THESE RIGHTS WERE A MUTUAL BENEFIT. THESE PICTURES DEMONSTRATE EXISTING CONDITIONS ALONG PORTIONS OF THIS CORRIDOR WHICH SHOWED DEBRIS FROM THE ADJACENT SLOPE COVERING THE SIDEWALK AS WELL AS SLOPE AREAS. TWO TYPES OF WALLS WILL BE CONSTRUCTED FOR THIS PROJECT. ONE TYPE IS A SOLDIER WHILE CATCH WALL. THE BENEFITS OF THE WALL ARE THAT THEY RETAIN LARGER VOLUMES OF DEBRIS AND ARE SUITABLE FOR A STEEPLE SLOPE STEEPER SLOPE AREA. THE WALL CATCHMENT WALL IS THE MORE EXPENSIVE. THE OTHER TYPE OF WALL IS THE GRAVITY WALL. THE BENEFITS OF THESE WALLS ARE THAT THEY ARE MORE COST- EFFECTIVE THAN THE SOLDIER PILE CATCHMENT WALL, THEY ARE MODULE AND SIMPLER TO CONSTRUCT. THIS CONSTRUCTION WORK IS PROVIDED UNDER SDOT CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROJECT KNOWN AS THE HOW DID THIS MITIGATION PROGRAM LANDSLIDE MITIGATION PLAN. TOTAL COST, TOTAL BUDGET FOR THE PROJECT IS 3.5 MILLION AND FUNDING SOURCES CONSIST OF THE CAPITAL FUND STREET USE COST CENTER AND GAS TAX. IN PREPARATION OF PROJECT CONSTRUCTION, CITY CREWS HAVE CLEARED MUCH OF THE SIDEWALKS WITHIN THE AREA AND EXTENDED EXISTING SOLDIER PILE WALL THAT WAS CONSTRUCTED IN 2016 AND LOCATED IN PUBLIC RIGHT AWAY. THE GRAVITY WALLS ARE ANTICIPATED TO TAKE FIVE WEEKS TO CONSTRUCT, THE SOLDIER PILE CATCH IS ANTICIPATED TO TAKE 15 WEEKS TO CONSTRUCT. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THIS PROJECT WILL BE COMPLETED NEXT SUMMER 2020. THAT CONCLUDES THE PRESENTATION. >>ANY QUESTIONS? >>I JUST WANT TO THANK YOU FOR LOOKING INTO THIS. THIS IS A REALLY STEEP AREA. IT IS REALLY DANGEROUS. WHENEVER WE HAVE HEAVY RAINS, NEIGHBORS GET REALLY WORRIED THAT SOMETHING LIKE THIS WILL HAPPEN AGAIN. THE SOLDIER PILE CATCHMENT WALL IS, CAN YOU SHARE WHAT PORTION OR HOW MANY OF THE AREAS THAT YOU ARE TARGETING WOULD GET THAT VERSUS THE SMALLER WALL? >>THERE ARE FOUR SITES IDENTIFIED PRIMARILY DICTATED BY JUST THE HEIGHT OF THE SLOPES THEMSELVES. FOR THE SOLDIER PILE WALLS THERE ARE FOUR SITES IDENTIFIED THE HEIGHT OF THOSE SLOPES ARE HIGHER. >>WHAT IS THE DEGREE OF SLOPE THAT WOULD DICTATE ONE OVER THE OTHER? >>A LOT OF IT IS THE HEIGHT, HOW FAR IT IS SET BACK FROM THE RIGHT AWAY AND HOW MUCH DEBRIS HAS BASICALLY FLOWED IN THAT AREA IN THE PAST AND ALSO RECOMMENDATIONS FROM A GEOTECH ENGINEER. >>THANK YOU. >>ANY OTHER QUESTIONS? >>IN 2017 I TOOK A LITTLE BIT OF A DIVE INTO THE SDOT APPROACH TO LANDSLIDE MITIGATION AND I LEARNED THAT, AS YOU WERE REFERENCING IN 2000, THERE WAS A CITYWIDE STUDY DONE WITH AN EFFORT TO FOCUS ON LANDSLIDE MITIGATION IN LOCATIONS THAT WOULD LIKELY HAVE SIGNIFICANT IMPACT BECAUSE THEY ARE ADJACENT TO HILLS. THERE IS AN ASSESSMENT USING EIGHT DESIGN FACTORS AT THE TIME TO DETERMINE THE PRIORITY OF 73 KNOWN POTENTIAL LANDSLIDE LOCATIONS. OF THE 73 LOCATIONS THAT WERE IDENTIFIED, 24 WERE RATED VIA HIGH PRIORITY. SINCE 2000, SDOT HAD BUDGETED, THIS WAS AS OF 2017, HAD ONLY BUDGETED $500,000 A YEAR FOR HIS LANDSLIDE MITIGATION. THAT $500,000 A YEAR WAS INTENDED TO ADDRESS THESE 24 HIGH-PRIORITY LOCATIONS. I LEARNED THAT THE MAJORITY OF THOSE FUNDS HAD NOT BEEN USED TO MITIGATE IN ADVANCE HIGH- PRIORITY LOCATIONS, IT WAS USED MORE IN A WAY TO RESPOND TO LANDSLIDE ACTIVITIES. OF THE 24 HIGH RATED LOCATIONS, AS OF 2017, IN 17 YEARS, ONLY SEVEN OF THE 24 HIGH-PRIORITY LOCATION HAD PROACTIVE MITIGATION WORK DONE. IN 2017 I WORKED THE BUDGET OFFICE AND SDOT TO USE THE SUPPLEMENTAL BUDGET PROCESS TO PRIORITIZE AND ADDITIONAL $1.3 MILLION TO ADDRESS SOME OF THOSE HIGH-PRIORITY LOCATIONS. YOU GUYS DID A GREAT JOB OF DOING THIS WORK ON A NUMBER OF LOCATIONS. SOME OF THEM IN DISTRICT 1. THANK YOU ON BEHALF OF MY CONSTITUENTS. THE COMMITMENT WAS MADE AT THAT TIME THAT WE WERE GOING TO TRY TO FIGURE OUT HOW TO BEGIN TO ADDRESS THIS BACKLOG AND MAKE SURE WE WERE NOT BUDGETING ONLY SUFFICIENT FUNDS TO ADDRESS LANDSLIDE ACTIVITIES RATHER THAN MITIGATING THE LIKELIHOOD OF LANDSLIDES. I AM JUST WONDERING, I HAVE NOT CHECKED IN ON THIS ISSUE RECENTLY, I WOULD BE INTERESTED TO LEARN HOW WE ARE GOING TO GET TO THOSE HIGH-PRIORITY LOCATIONS. I AM GUESSING THAT 2000 STUDY WAS DONE 20 YEARS AGO, THERE MIGHT BE DIFFERENT PRIORITIES NOW AS WELL. >>THANK YOU FOR THE SUPPORT FOR THE PROGRAM. I DO NOT MANAGE THAT PIECE OF THE PROGRAM, THAT IS SOMETHING WE CAN FOLLOW UP WITH IN TERMS OF HOW TO REASSESS PRIORITIES FROM THAT LIST FROM 2000. >>HOW WE ARE ASSESSING THE PARTIES AND ALSO ENSURING THAT WE ARE IDENTIFYING SUFFICIENT BUDGET SO THAT IT IS ACTUALLY MITIGATION PROGRAM INSTEAD OF A RESPONSE PROGRAM. >>>THANK YOU. THANK YOU COUNCILMEMBER HERBOLD WE CAN ASKED THAT THEY BRING THAT RIGHT INTO COMMITTEE TO DISCUSS AND THE BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS WE HOPE TO SEE IN THE SUPPLEMENTAL BUDGET IN THE FUTURE. ANY OTHER QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS? >>THIS IS A QUESTION THAT I DO NOT NEED THE ANSWER TODAY, IT WOULD BE HELPFUL AND FOLLOW-UP. THERE IS INHERENT VALUE THAT IS PROVIDED TO THE ADJACENT LAND OWNERS AND WHO WE ARE PURCHASING THESE EASEMENTS FROM AS WE ARE INCREASING STABILITY OF THE LOT THAT THEY OWN. IS THAT FACTORED INTO THE COST THAT WE ARE PROVIDED WHEN PURCHASING THIS LAND? >>TO SOME EXTENT IT IS. WE HAVE TO REALIZE THAT WHAT WE ARE DOING RIGHT NOW IS REALLY PROTECT THE PUBLIC RIGHT AWAY ACCESS AND NOT NECESSARILY THE OWNERS. THERE ARE STILL SUPERFICIAL SLIDES THAT WOULD OCCUR AND THAT IS THE PROPERTY OWNER RESPONSIBILITY AND NOT THE CITY. ONE THING WE ARE TRYING TO ADDRESS IS NOT USE PUBLIC MONEY FOR A PRIVATE BENEFIT. ALL OF THE WALLS WERE DESIGNED AT THIS POINT IN TIME AS A PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY. >>EITHER WAY WHETHER THE INTENT IS EITHER TO PROTECT THE PUBLIC RIGHT AWAY, THERE IS INHERENT BENEFIT. >>YES. >>ARE WE ABLE TO PUT THAT INTO THE PURCHASE AGREEMENT? >>WE TRY. A LOT OF THESE HAVE REAL PROPERTY REQUIREMENTS IN TERMS OF COMPENSATING FOR MINISTRY OF COST TO GET THE EASEMENTS. THAT IS A DISCUSS AND THAT WE TYPICALLY HAVE WITH THE PRIVATE OWNERS IN TERMS OF THE BENEFIT THEY WOULD GET FROM THE WALL. >>THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHERE GETTING THE EASEMENTS IN EXCHANGE FOR THE BENEFIT TO THE PROPERTY. WE ARE NOT PAYING CASH FOR THE EASEMENTS. >>THANK YOU. >>>THANK YOU. ANY OTHER QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS? MOVING ON THIS PARTICULAR PROJECT. I WOULD LIKE TO MOVE RECOMMENDING PASSAGE OF COUNSEL BILL 119744, THOSE IN FAVOR INDICATE. THANK YOU FOR THE SECOND. IN FAVOR RAISE YOUR HAND BY SAYING AYE. ANY AGAINST? GREAT. THAT ITEM CARRIES FORWARD. THANK YOU EVERYBODY. UNLESS THERE ARE FURTHER COMMENTS. >>IS MY FINAL COMMENT, CHAIR. I THINK YOU FOR BEING PREPARED AND READY TO START AT 9:30. IT WAS MY FAULT BUT I WAS NOT HERE ON TIME. KUDOS TO THE CHAIR. THANK YOU VERY MUCH. >>THANK YOU FOR THE GREAT QUESTIONS AND THE CONSTANT OVERSIGHT OF THESE LARGE DEPARTMENTS. I THINK THAT CONCLUDES OUR FEBRUARY 19, 2020 MEETING OF THE TRANSPORTATION UTILITIES COMMITTEE MEETING. THANK YOU.

    New App Among T2050 Light Rail Updates – City Update
    Articles, Blog

    New App Among T2050 Light Rail Updates – City Update

    February 20, 2020


    [SHOW THEME MUSIC]>>HELLO, AND WELCOME TO ANOTHER
    “CITY UPDATE.” I’M DEBORAH SEDILLO DUGAN. WE ARE HERE IN THE DOWNTOWN
    AREA, RIGHT HERE IN THE HEART OF PHOENIX. I’M HERE WITH MARKUS COLEMAN. HE IS A LIGHT-RAIL
    ADMINISTRATOR. WE ARE GOING TO GET AN UPDATE ON
    WHAT’S GOING ON WITH LIGHT RAIL. NICE SEEING YOU.>>IT’S NICE TO SEE YOU AGAIN
    AS WELL.>>I LOVE THE DOWNTOWN AREA. LIGHT RAIL IS HAPPENING. RIDERS ARE HAPPENING. ASU DOWNTOWN,
    IT’S A BUSTLING AREA.>>WE HAVE A LOT GOING ON
    RIGHT NOW.>>SO LET’S TALK ABOUT 2050,
    TRANSIT 2050, BIG PICTURE. LOT OF VOTERS VOTED FOR THIS.>>BIG PICTURE, I WOULD SAY THE
    THING THAT PEOPLE NEED TO REALIZE, AND WE KEEP CLOSE TO
    THE CHEST, IS THAT IN 2015, TAX WENT OUT TO THE VOTERS. VOTERS CAME OUT AND
    SUPPORTED TRANSIT. AND NOT ONLY SUPPORTED TRANSIT
    IN A WAY OF SAYING 7/10THS OF A CENT, BUT SUPPORTED TRANSIT
    TO MAKE SURE THAT WE’RE INCREASING SERVICES. INCREASING THE WAY THAT
    WE’RE PROVIDING TRANSIT TO THE COMMUNITY. AND ALSO INCREASING THE WAY THAT
    WE’RE LISTENING AND HEARING AND ENGAGING WITH THE COMMUNITY. AND SO THAT MEANS THAT WE’VE
    BEEN ABLE TO LOOK AT OUR INCREASE OF OUR BUS SERVICE, OUR
    INCREASE TO OUR RAIL SERVICE, AND ALSO BRINGING ON NEW SERVICE
    THAT’S GOING TO BE NEW TO THE VALLEY, WHICH IS OUR
    BUS RAPID TRANSIT, BRT SERVICE.>>I LOVE IT, AND YOU KNOW
    I’M A RAPID — I LOVE IT. I LOVE THE COMFORT OF THE RAPID
    AND GETTING TO AND FROM WORK. SO WITH THIS 2050, TRANSIT 2050,
    THERE ARE SOME EXTENSIONS GOING ON, TOO, FOR NORTHEAST,
    SOUTH CENTRAL. TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT THAT.>>SO WE ACTUALLY HAVE THREE
    EXTENSIONS THAT ARE RIGHT NOW CURRENTLY PART OF THE PROJECT
    PILOT PROGRAM. AND ONE OF THE PROJECTS IS THE
    SOUTH CENTRAL EXTENSION. SOUTH CENTRAL EXTENSION IS ABOUT
    FIVE AND A HALF MILES. IT STARTS IN DOWNTOWN PHOENIX. HEADS DOWN THE CENTRAL ALIGNMENT
    ALL THE WAY TO BASELINE ROAD. THAT’S WHERE THE TERMINUS IS. THAT EXTENSION WILL ALSO INCLUDE
    A DOWNTOWN HUB STATION. IT HAS APPROXIMATELY 18 LOCAL
    ARTISTS, 14 OF THEM — WITH 18 ARTISTS TOTAL, 14 OF THEM
    WHICH ARE LOCAL. THAT WAS REALLY A BIG KEY FOR US
    TO MAKE SURE WE HAVE THAT LOCAL IMPACT TO THE PROJECT. AS WELL AS WE’VE PARTNERED WITH
    KIEWIT, WHO IS OUR CONTRACTOR ON THE PROJECT, TO MAKE SURE THAT
    WE HAVE SOME OPPORTUNITIES FOR LOCAL RESIDENCE ALONG
    THE ALIGNMENT AS WELL. THEN WE HAVE OUR CAPITAL
    I-10 PROJECT, WHICH IS A 10-MILE EXTENSION. THAT’S GOING TO BE DONE IN
    TWO PHASES CURRENTLY. THE FIRST PHASE GIVES US FROM
    DOWNTOWN TO THE CAPITAL. THEN FROM THE CAPITAL, IT WILL
    FOLLOW THE I-10 ALIGNMENT ALL THE WAY OUT TO 79TH AVENUE.>>WOW, WAY OUT WEST. IT’S ALMOST TO CALIFORNIA. THAT’S GREAT.>>NORTHWEST EXTENSION PHASE 2
    IS A PROJECT THAT WILL START FROM 19TH AVENUE AND DUNLAP,
    EXTENDING OVER TO METRO CENTER MALL. AND WE’RE REALLY EXCITED ABOUT
    THIS, BECAUSE THIS WOULD BE THE FIRST TIME THEY’RE GOING TO HAVE
    AN ELEVATED BRIDGE GOING OVER THE I-17 FREEWAY,
    WITH THE TERMINUS BEING IN METRO CENTER MALL. THIS IS GOING TO ALLOW US TO
    EXTEND THAT 19TH AVENUE AND DUNLAP LOCATION ALL THE WAY OVER
    TO THE MALL, MAKING SURE THAT WE HAVE A SEAMLESS CONNECTION FROM
    METRO CENTER ALL THE WAY TO DOWNTOWN PHOENIX.>>WELL, AFTER ALL, FOLKS,
    WE ARE THE FIFTH LARGEST CITY IN THE COUNTRY, AND THIS IS
    LIFE IN THE BIG CITY. TRANSPORTATION IS KEY. SO THE COMMUNITY KNOWS
    THIS IS ALL HAPPENING. TALK ABOUT COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT
    AND HOW PEOPLE, IF THEY HAVE QUESTIONS OR NEED TO GET MORE
    INVOLVED, AND WHAT’S HAPPENING IN THEIR HOOD.>>SO ACTUALLY WE’VE BEEN REALLY
    FOCUSED, AND OUR COUNCIL AND OUR PARTNERS AT VALLEY METRO HAVE
    BEEN REALLY FOCUSED ON THE COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT PIECE OF
    ALL THREE OF THE PROJECTS. REALLY MAKING SURE THAT WE
    GET THAT MESSAGE OUT TO THE COMMUNITY. THAT THEY’RE INVOLVED, THEY’RE
    ABLE TO GIVE THEIR FEEDBACK, AND THEY’RE ABLE TO GET PROJECT
    INFORMATION AS CLOSE TO REAL TIME AS POSSIBLE. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT VALLEY
    METRO HAS ACTUALLY BEEN ABLE TO DO WITH THE LAUNCH OF THE SOUTH
    CENTRAL PROJECT IS THIS PAST MONDAY, WE’VE LAUNCHED
    “CONSTRUCT VALLEY METRO.” IT’S THE APPLICATION THAT YOU
    CAN GET ON YOUR iPHONE. YOU CAN GET ON YOUR ANDROID. AND THAT APP WILL ALLOW YOU TO
    GET UP-TO-DATE NOTIFICATIONS. IT ALLOW YOU TO GET PROJECT
    INFORMATION THAT’S UP TO DATE. IT’LL ALSO LET YOU CUSTOMIZE
    SOME OF THE NOTIFICATION THAT YOU HAVE, AND GET REAL-TIME
    INFORMATION, AND ALSO GIVE FEEDBACK ON THE PROJECT.>>WOW, THAT’S GREAT,
    THAT’S EXCELLENT. EVERYTHING’S VERY INTERACTIVE
    FOR FOLKS. AND YOU CAN ALWAYS GO USE THE
    PUBLIC LIBRARY TO GET INFORMATION, OR A SENIOR CENTER,
    COMMUNITY CENTER. ALL THOSE PLACES HAVE COMPUTERS. I LOVE IT, THAT’S GREAT. MARKUS, IT’S GREAT SEEING YOU
    AS ALWAYS. GREAT UPDATE ABOUT LIGHT RAIL. I’M SO EXCITED, BECAUSE I AM
    A TRANSIT USER, FOR SURE, FOR SURE.>>YOU SHOULD BE.>>ABSOLUTELY, I AM.>>EVERYONE OUT THERE SHOULD BE
    AS WELL.>>THAT’S RIGHT, THAT’S RIGHT. FOR “CITY UPDATE,”
    I’M DEBORAH SEDILLO DUGAN. PostCAP LLC
    postcapllc.com
    844-335-0911 [MUSIC]

    SETsquared Bristol – fast track your tech business
    Articles, Blog

    SETsquared Bristol – fast track your tech business

    February 20, 2020


    (upbeat music) – SETsquared Bristol
    is a business incubator supported by the University of Bristol. We help early stage technology
    ventures to fast track their growth of success. We currently work with over 80 technology startups and scale ups, offering them access to a personalized program of business support. (upbeat music) – I’d say just get in
    there as soon as possible. I just think that there is something about
    having the level of expertise level of network and an
    infrastructure around you just really accelerates you
    from a business perspective but also challenges you
    mentally, which enables you to move forward at a faster pace than you perhaps would have. – SETsquared has helped
    me grow my business from it being me to being 31 of us. SETsquared has helped raise
    £5.3 million on our journey. SETsquared has helped me
    get my first customers, refined my first pitches, get my first investors. I think it’s fair to say
    that without SETsquared, we wouldn’t be in business. – We’ve been a member of
    SETsquared of Bristol from the very early days of when
    we started LettUs Grow. So that’s now around three
    years, where we’ve been given support in terms of education,
    networks and mentorship. We were really welcomed in and as quite young entrepreneurs, it can often be quite
    a daunting atmosphere and an environment to come
    into, but everyone at SETsquare has been so inviting and supportive of us and us in our journey. – We’ve met lots of influential people and interesting people
    through our journey. I think within a couple of
    months of becoming members of SETsquared we’ve met Sajid
    Javid on his tour of Bristol. But as well as kind of
    that end of the scale. The key people that we’ve
    met as well have been the fellow ventures and the other people that were on their journey. – It’s just completely change
    the way we’ve approached developing technology and business. Actually it’s not all about
    just building the technology, gotta make sure that somebody
    wants it and they’re gonna pay for it and there is a
    large enough market for it. Simple stuff, but to
    get that for an artist so that we can work towards that. That’s what SETsquared’s done for us. – It can be quite a
    collaborative environment. I would say the best days were when we were in preincubation. Because we were with other
    startups and we sort of were getting into creative problem solving. And interacting with them,
    talking about issues. – We help companies by giving them access to wide range of support. Teaching via workshops, different skills, coaching, to helping them in developing
    their own personal skills. Mentoring, to help them
    through the journey and clinics from professionals
    giving professional advice. This is really all
    about them not about us. – It’s invaluable for
    entrepreneurs to be part of this community where they can share their experiences and turn (mumbles) To apply, you have to be in
    the early stage technology venture in Bristol. If you’re not sure
    whether you’re illegible, just come and have an
    informal chat with us. Or come along to one of our open days. (upbeat music)

    Articles

    Lego Stadt (Teil 4) – Die Stadt wird bewohnt [1]

    February 20, 2020


    Hello Lego friends and welcome to a new video! Last week we built that beautiful spiral Actually that was two weeks ago And you guys gave me some advice How we should build that train crossing You guys thought about many different things I should move it , I should turn it But for me it´s important that the train comes in over here Right over here And that it gets out over here There is no other option, as I want the train to disappear in the mountain And to appear later again So this stays here But the train crossing is not topic of this video We will put the first small houses in our city Because it seems a little empty right now After all we try to build a city So we´ll get going namely The first three small houses From the what was then the city set The bicycle shop And the Pizza restaurant And the bank So these three buildings We will wash them a little They are very dusty And then we´ll move them into our city Let´s start So now we have cleaned that I´ll take The Pizza restaurant and put it over here in the middle That´ll do as a start We can still move everything We´ll put the bank next to it That looks pretty slick The only thing that is a bit off are these two lines…they aren´t smooth There are two knobs difference They are not the same size So let´s see if I have this colour So that we´ll be able to heighten it. Then they will be the same size Doesn´t look too good. The only tings I found are These Couple pieces Which would also fit the colour But these aren´t enough I´ll put them back And we will…change the height a different time Another reason why I put the bank here is that I will build the parking lot over here I have a question for you guys: Do you know if there is a plate that has approximately the same colour as the streets which is 32 x 32 because from Lego itself I only know about the blue ones the white and the green ones After all I could also put a blue plate over here And just fill that up with plates or stones or something Do you know if something like that exists, maybe even second hand I only know about Chinese manufacturers But I don´t really want to use Chinese products So if somebody knows about that just hit me up in the comment section below So back to the parking lot and why I would put it there Because the bank has a feature that robbers can enter easily They can get up via this ladder And then they are able to enter from up there That would be my hidden agenda why the parking space would be there So that one could come here with a car and then get up there in the bank Back there I would put the tram This space is pretty much already fixed for the tram, because at first I wanted to do a circle Sadly that isn´t possible I thought everything through I thought everything through and it is just not possible So over here I am going to put the tram The tram goes further over the other side Meaning From back there it will go over the street if it will go in a straight line or diagonal I don´t know yet And it ends here Why here? Because The cable car and the station will be over there For The railway That´s why it will lead to here How I will do that and how it´s going to drive Just from back there to here I still don´t know that, but we´ll think of a way Another thing that I noticed: Lego always builds The backsides So Lego always leaves the backsides of the buildings open So that one can look back there, which is great for playing But it isn´t ideal for a Lego city That´s also why many people use the modular buildings Because their backsides are closed Meaning I will also close the back So that it isn´t too opened up Like it´s right now, because it just doesn´t look too good If one looks at the back But I´ll do that in another video But I don´t think that I have exactly the same colour. I have definitely got yellow I could build that right know But I done´t have enough from that colour What we also wil do in the next video Just heighten the building a little For two steps So that it doesn´t look that weird I hope you can actually see that in the video So one is still missing This bad boy over here We´ll put that over here I don´t really have a place for that one just yet Because Over here I´ll put the mountain. So all this space will be used for that And I thought if we´ll start with the green part over here So these two areas will be equipped with green plates Then we´ll just put the bicycle shop over there or else the skate shop We´ll leave that here I still don´t really know where I´ll put that But now we reach the second question which I can´t really answer Which I can´t really answer: Do you know If one can still buy the old green plates The 32 x 32 knob plates From Lego, because I only know about the light green plates About the light green plates And I think that won´t really fit, because my plan was that we´ll pu the plates here So four times And on that we´ll build the railroad So one track will be over here And the second track will be over here As a reminder this is how the train plan looks like Well you guys can forget the tram That´s impossible But at the moment I´m talking about these two tracks I would like to put the dark green plates over here, but I´m not sure if I can still get those And I just have one at the moment So only one with 32 x 32 node plate So last time we talked about parking spaces That we could erase the zebra crossing And well I´m sorry, but I did just that That´s what it looks like. I tried my best And actually I´m pretty happy with the result One can still see a little white stain But its really small and not even very visible That´s what it looked like before and that´s how it looks like right now And now just imagine if we would build that here Then we could use it as a parking lot Of course these small areas will still be used Also we still need to build the pavement, an then we could park the cars here It would look way better than the car being parked on the zebra crossing And I can quickly show you How I did that Well I filmed everything with my phone That´s why it didn´t look very professional, but I hope you guys didn´t mind I just used nail polish remover And it worked I´ll put the whole thing over here And I left the other three zebra crossings on purpose Because it was fairly hard To remove the zebra crossing I´ll just put it there and let´s see how it´ll look And if this one is better than that Later when we already are a little bit further Then I´ll make some more parking spaces And if not then I can still use this plate Then I´ll just put it under the mountain as a stabaliser Because everybody Who has straight plates and curves Alos has crossings and you just can´t use these crossins all the time And as you see I also have lot And so that you guys don´t get a mental breakdown, because I erased the zebra crossing I´ll put the bicycle shop there So you guys don´t have to see it all the time So as you guys can see there is no space No space for larger buildings of any kind Because everything I show you right now Back here I´ll start building the mountain So that the train gains some height So that we Are able to end here That means the train must reach a fairly high altitude in order to reach the spiral I just got One of my larger buildings Which is the garage for the towing car I thought about putting them over here Not exactly like that, there is not enough space for that But if we take that and place it against the wall And then move some other stuff Just move some things And then put that over here Then we could let the train go over all that Which would look like the garage being in the mountain What do you guys think about that? Tell me in the comment section Because then I would start to do that in two weeks time Today we didn´t really do a lot But Instead we´ll just do a lot in the next video So in two weeks So the plan is putting the trix brix tracks here If they finally arrive until then Then we are able to put all the tracks in that area We can build up there So that we are able to finally put that somewhere I hope that will be possible Just hit me up in the comment section what you think about that. To put this stuff over there So that´s planned and the rescue station or to be more specific hospital And that was the video of today I hope you guys enjoyed watching If there are ideas or some critique you know the drill: just let me know And we´ll see each other in two weeks with a new video Stay fresh and a good lego train bye

    Articles

    Äventyr i Tunnelbanan del 1: Grön linje i söderort

    February 18, 2020


    It was here that it all began Slussen is one of the 10 very first tube stations in Stockholm and even today the second busiest of all metro stations Right now Slussen is being rebuilt and there is lots of construction work behind us In this series, we will visit both famous and unknown places along the metro along all lines and today we’re going on an adventure along the Green Line in southern Stockholm When I was little, it was precisely at this location where “Robert Rebel” stood and sang his prog rock music it was right here But Slussen is perhaps more significant for another reason It is in fact the zero point of the metro system We’ll see an example Look here That sign there, it is the zero point of the system It is also therefore it says 0+0 If we look at another station it might say 5+3 then we are 5.3km from this very location If we continue south and looking up toward the ceiling at Medborgarplatsen you can clearly see that this platform has been extended As early as in 1933 the first underground trams run here but when the metro came they extended the platform to the north with these arches Here at Skanstull station, we can also see remnands of the trams Indeed, there are little hooks left in the ceiling where overhead wires for the trams were attached and this platform has also been extended northward and that we can see when we exit then we must first go down and then go under the track to come out and that is an odd solution Furthermore, over the bridge, we come to Gullmarsplan originally called Johanneshov Right now they’re building a new platform 70 meters below the existing for when the blue line will gets here in 2025 One exit will also end up right by the new landmark Sthlm01 down by Mårtensdal Skärmarbrink in Stockholm, it is almost the definition for many locals of an anonymous suburb The station was named Hammarby from the beginning However, through these doors probably more celebrities than anywhere else in Stockholm have entered This is namely what is today called Baggpipe Studios, formerly EMI And here the likes of Lady Gaga, Beyoncé Britney, Backstreet Boys and even Markoolio recorded music, here on Palandergatan 33 A little further out between Skogskyrkogården and Tallkrogen the observant can see remaining traces of the bridge foundations previously used by the metro and between Gubbängen and Hökarängen distance is so short that you can easily look over to the next station Farsta strand is the southernmost station in the entire metro system The station, that used to be outdoors is perhaps most famous for its pigeons A group of pigeons daily take the metro at Farsta Strand and go one station up to Farsta This has been going on for several years, mainly in the summer and almost exclusively in the direction north Here in the middle of Bajen (Football team) Country in Bandhagen we also have the system’s longest tape measure Bandhagen along with its sibling stations Hökarängen and Rågsved, they were all built in the 50’s They had the nicknames Bandithagen, Drugsved and Krökarängen (Alcoholics meadow) due to the social problems they had back then Today, perhaps at least Bandhagen is at the border of gentrification in Stockholm Gentrification is, you could say “When alcoholics move out, the gay couples move in” In 1969, Hasse och Tage wrote “A song about Rågsved” It went something like “8 floors up, 4 rooms …” “… two children, a husband, and so I ..” “..A song is nothing to have ..” “.. but admit that a fan over the stove is good.” Another musical reference to Rågsved is that the punk band Ebba Grön was formed here in 1977 Today Rågsved is bit like southern Stockholm’s Honduras Just the day before yesterday, it was actually a shooting here or more than one shooting, with two injured and seven arrested This is also why there are some policemen here today But if you make your way here, take the opportunity to see this odd lift which also has a urinal right next to it for some reason And why have they put up a railing around this bench? On the platform there is also a work of art called “Green Bird” I suspect that the reference to Ebba Grön is obvious And look! Here is the “blue train” (also a punk band) One thing that least I like about Rågsved that’s this round square that reminds a little of Apple’s headquarters but built some 60-70 years earlier than that Another thing that many people associate with Rågsved that is this graffiti artwork that we can see behind us here This is actually one of the world’s oldest grafitti artwork It is called “Highway” And in 2019, there was an over-achieving graffiti cleaner He had his first day on the job and he began to paint over this work of art He did not know what it was This was before the property owner came to stop him That feels like a pretty bad first day at work At the end of the line, we find Hagsätra actually located north of Rågsved One idea was previously that the line would continue up to Älvsjö When the new metro will be inaugurated in 2025 the Hagsätra line will turn blue something that has upset many people But the fact is that the Hagsätra line has already been blue once before It was to separate it from Farsta line that was red And Bagarmossen that was green Bagarmossen’s old station is the only station in the Stockholm metro that has been closed This was done in connection with the extention of the line to Skarpnäck Then they took the opportunity to rebuild Bagarmossen station as an underground station But there are also signs remaining of the old station and the old embankment Here the trains used to run under this bridge And here we can clearly see where the embankment was And where the station used to be the took the opportunity to build new homes In this way Bagarmossen could heal as one suburb without being intersected by a railway line I think this was a pretty good solution Where does this door lead? Look Here in Skarpnäck, we are at Stockholm’s newest metro station Station number 100 And this is also the last station on the line and it is also the last station in this video But if we move to the south of this platform then first we can see that here the tracks end But we can also see that there were more ambitions with this station namely, a southern exit Here they would probably have installed an escalator but that did never materialise And what does this look like from the outside? Well perhaps not too much to write home about In the next video we will instead travel with the green line in the North suburbs and I hope to see you then, Bye!

    REACTING TO A DISS TRACK ABOUT ME (I AM SO SAD)
    Articles, Blog

    REACTING TO A DISS TRACK ABOUT ME (I AM SO SAD)

    February 18, 2020


    [bell rings] Hey kids! It’s time for school! [kids show theme music] [nice dancing there, Robert] [Robert please clean your room] [Robert please] My name is Mr. G! Three talents, one-two-three! Singing and dancing and acting is my life! I’m a teacher, that’s for sure! In a world of crazy kids~! It’s summer [unintelligable, REALLY HIGH-PITCHED SCREAM/SINGING] [dude you made me caption that omg] Okay, I don’t know what that was either, but welcome to the video I gotta address the elephant in the room here. The lighting is really weird. I’m sorry I look white as snow. I have to figure out my lighting situation. Until I do that, you’re gonna have to deal with White-Ass Robert™️ So a few days ago, I put out a diss track. I put out a diss track for something that’s needed to be dissed for a really, really long time Uh, I-I made a diss track about pineapple on pizza [friggin LIT diss track plays] [laughing] an absolute disgrace to the pizza world, and it was very serious! I hate pineapple on pizza. As you guys know, when I roast, I really, really mean it every time. And this is an incredibly important issue to my heart. As you guys know, when I roast something, I’m really, really serious about it. It’s something that really, really burns deep… inside my SOUL… in my hEART. So yeah that video was met with a little bit of criticism… Not everyone was happy that I was dissing pineapple on pizza. And you know what? You can hate on my opinion on pineapple on pizza all you want! But you know what you can’t hate on? My dope flow in that track! That’s probably the rapping I’ve ever done in my life! [doesn’t mean it was good rapping, but good for you ;)] [Robert rapping] [rap plays in background] Damn, he’s pretty good! So a few people really, really took that roast seriously and got really really upset by it. A few people actually did unsubscribe and unfollow me because of it which is– absolutely hilarious. But anyways it went to a point where someone actually made a diss track about My diss track on pineapple on pizza Pineapple goes on pizza Robert idk dis track. What what the heck listen? I’m no stranger to being roasted, okay? Do you think I got away with this hair in high school without getting roasted on a daily basis. No I died I really didn’t and I’m pretty sure everyone here remembers my epic roast battle with Mathias I got a bit of a bone to pick you do not to argue But it’s a tad rude to copy other people on YouTube You know how I know it’s true because I have a beard and you do too When he came out and roasted me for no reason this has to stop And I returned with fire not once, but twice I thought that I was the flies till I got roasted by Matthias That hurt my feelings and now I’m in need of Emotional guidance and ever since then Matthias he got roasted so hard he completely changed his Content notice how he hasn’t roasted anyone since yeah, that’s because of me. That’s because it hurt too much for the little Matthias boy face Matthias so I figured after that no one would try to come after me But apparently this guy join in is made of Robert. Idk dis track what so we’re gonna go check it out See what he’s got to say about my diss track, and I guess about pineapple on pizza cuz it’s called pineapple goes on pizza Let’s check it out you guys. I’m I’m ready – yeah. I’m ready Yeah What uh, what up Joinen he’s pretty flexible to be completely honest. White boy from Melbourne. Melbourne? I’m actually quite jealous. I wish I could do that accent white boy from Melbourne aw you know what I’m saying. Hey you can’t This guy’s from Australia. Let’s see how let’s see what he’s got to say I’m looking forward to the accent Joinen holy shit pineapple on pizza Here we go here. Here we go you guys all right. Let’s see. What do you get what do you got for me? I like my Pizza how I like my women (pineapple) if you disagree all you must What you like your women with pineapple is that a reference to the old like BAE’s coming over starter pack listen I understand a slight association with pineapple consuming pineapple and You know things you do with a partner Okay, whatever if you disagree? Oh, you must be trippin? Whoa that’s pretty cool shot this multiple dimensions at science Sun I might get Bill Nye in your contention Hawaiian is a classic tree. You know it fruit always goes with meat, but no it’s not true That’s that’s is simply a false fact. This is not true what other situation Do you ever eat fruit and meat together I? Can’t think of one apple sauce cranberry relish Pineapple pizza is straight up. Tell ish I ain’t hatin other flavors Keep that pineapple up my capers. Love campus a little bit of cheese little bit of ham check some pineapple listen to this Jam You got no jams man you know you Dude these taste buds you see these These taste buds can handle anything that you throw at them Don’t try to give me that I can handle any flavor, but I prefer good flavors Okay, can’t handle the flip I think you lie into the world you saying that you’ve held Hawaiian makes you sick David Blaine something say some magic you Got a hoverboard, I don’t have a hoverboard You just can’t handle the flavor and it’s a nice apartment you need a waiver to sign up with the great taste That only the best can embrace so it I will admit. I enjoy the blue color grade on here I enjoy this he’s got some blue shadows going on. I like this how this is shot Yes, I can Not true you guys yes I can do so but shoot that every single day you pick it up speak to look at what okay? How do you know you don’t know what I eat wait? Do you I mean the world knows that I enjoy a good scrambled egg sandwich every day That does include a little bit of salt. I don’t know where the sugar comes in don’t try to front on me like you know What I would I eat every day. Okay, okay, you can’t don’t do that to me, okay? Thank you. You think it’ll be till I get something. That’s okay so this paper this dippin You’re making me live in an explicit exhibit of a prolific bigot I’m playing with you son oh Thanks, but your opinion is wrong Like something is not a foundation for your frustration liberation your pineapple donation is a combination of fabrication and deformation so when it comes to pieces there seems to be a miscommunication that every incarnation exists for your master case life send this invitation to end this situation I appreciate your determination be a proclamation deserves termination. Oh god. Oh God oh Not bad okay, not bad. I appreciate your determination be a proclamation deserves termination my Proclamation deserves termination He’s telling me I need to take my video down. That’s what you’re saying No I Like your videos for a bit by the way, thank you. Thank you You know what? I love. I love it when Australian people say my name cuz it’s robot Thank you Well that was some mean shit wait. He has a vid called is jake paula fidget spinner You know what i’m not gonna get into that one, but that’s pretty funny Join in good work man as was pretty funny. I Enjoy a good diss track at my expense every now and then and you know it wasn’t even ii mean that was that was funny I enjoyed that good work. I still stand by I don’t eat pineapple on pizza. I ain’t about that listen I ain’t hatin on the pineapple itself on its own That stuff’s delicious, and it ain’t bad for your health But if you try to come at me like it belongs on cheese and dough Gambino said it best my friend you faker than some sweeten look Anyways go check this out if you want to see it. It’s pretty funny Thanks, man. Thank you for watching my videos actually and Thinking that they were worth responding to with your own video anytime when someone like puts effort into something inspired by like my videos I think that’s really really cool, and I enjoy seeing that kind of stuff, so thank you But no. Thank you to your pineapple on pizza claims. Okay. No. Thank you to that, but anyways that was funny Just gonna do a quick video here you guys I hope you guys enjoyed this I can handle the flavor Watch this. I’ll put nuts in my mouth right now Can’t handle the flavor you can’t handle this this you can’t handle these nuts Okay I’m gonna say a nutty goodbye now. Thanks for watching this video the next one will have better lighting Hopefully um let me know what you want to see have a great day you guys I love you Bye My name is mr.. G three talents one two three Singing and dancing and acting is my line I’m a teacher. That’s for sure

    PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode February 16, 2020
    Articles, Blog

    PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode February 16, 2020

    February 18, 2020


    >>Sreenivasan: ON THIS EDITION FOR SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 16: THE DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATES TURN TO NEVADA AHEAD OF THE UPCOMING CAUCUSES. IN OUR SIGNATURE SEGMENT: A LOOK BACK AT THE HISTORIC BALDWIN BUCKLEY DEBATE. AND COMBATING DROUGHT: FROM FARM TO KEG. NEXT ON “PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.”>>PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND IS MADEPOSSIBLE BY:BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ.SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III.THE CHERYL AND PHILIP MILSTEINFAMILY.ROSALIND P. WALTER.BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG.CHARLES ROSENBLUM.WE TRY TO LIVE IN THE MOMENT,TO NOT MISS WHAT’S RIGHT INFRONT OF US.AT MUTUAL OF AMERICA, WEBELIEVE TAKING CARE OF TOMORROWCAN HELP YOU MAKE THE MOST OFTODAY.MUTUAL OF AMERICA FINANCIALGROUP, RETIREMENT SERVICES ANDINVESTMENTS.>>WHEN IT COMES TO WIRELESS, CONSUMER CELLULAR GIVES ITS CUSTOMERS THE CHOICE. OUR NO-CONTRACT PLANS GIVE YOU AS MUCH OR AS LITTLE TALK, TEXT AND DATA AS YOU WANT. AND OUR U.S.-BASED CUSTOMER SERVICE TEAM IS ON-HAND TO HELP. TO LEARN MORE, GO TO www.consumercellular.tv.ADDITIONAL SUPPORT HAS BEENPROVIDED BY:AND BY THE CORPORATION FORPUBLIC BROADCASTING, A PRIVATECORPORATION FUNDED BY THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.AND BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOURPBS STATION FROM VIEWERS LIKEYOU.THANK YOU.FROM THE TISCH WNET STUDIOS ATLINCOLN CENTER IN NEW YORK,HARI SREENIVASAN.>>Sreenivasan: GOOD EVENING AND THANKS FOR JOINING US. DEMOCRATS IN NEVADA ARE LINING UP FOR A SECOND DAY OF EARLY VOTING IN NEXT SATURDAY’S CAUCUSES. IT’S A FIRST-EVER TRY AT EARLY VOTING IN THE SILVER STATE’S CAUCUSES. YESTERDAY THERE WERE SOME LONG LINES AND CONFUSION ABOUT RULES. OFFICIALS AT SOME SITES ABANDONED A GOOGLE SIGN IN SHEET PROCESS WHEN IT WAS TAKING TOO LONG, REVERTING TO PAPER. A DEMOCRATIC PARTY OFFICIAL SAID HIGH TURNOUT CONTRIBUTED TO SOME OF THE DELAYS ON THE FIRST OF THE FOUR DAYS OF EARLY VOTING. FOR MORE ON HOW THE EARLY VOTING IS WORKING TODAY AND WHAT’S AHEAD, MEGAN MESSERLY, A REPORTER FOR THE “NEVADA INDEPENDENT” JOINS US NOW FROM LAS VEGAS. SO, WHY THE LONG LINES YESTERDAY? WHAT’S HAPPENING TODAY?>>RIGHT. SO, EARLY VOTING KICKED OFF YESTERDAY. MORE THAN 11,800 WAS THE ESTIMATE THAT THE PARTY GAVE TO US OF FOLKS THAT TURNED OUT AS OF 5:00 P.M. TURNOUT WAS REALLY HIGH, SO THAT CONTRIBUTED TO THE LONG LINES AS WELL. DEMOCRATS WERE PLANNING ON USING THIS GOOGLE FORM-BASED CHECK IN SHEET AS PART OF THE CHECK IN PROCESS. THAT WAS SUPPOSED TO STREAMLINE THE DATA COLLECTION ON THE BACKEND. THAT WAS TAKING A LONG TIME. SO SOME OF THE SITES THAT EXPERIENCED THE LONGEST LINES WHERE FOLKS WERE WAITING 3-4 HOURS DECIDED TO ACTUALLY FOREGO THAT STEP OF THE PROCESS, AND THAT ENDED UP SPEEDING THINGS UP A LITTLE BIT YESTERDAY.>>Sreenivasan: BUT WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THEY GET IN THERE? THIS IS ALMOST LIKE THE RANK CHOICE SYSTEM THAT MAINE IS TRYING. WHAT ARE THEY ACTUALLY WRITING DOWN?>>THAT’S CORRECT. SO, ESSENTIALLY, WHAT DEMOCRATS DO WHEN THEY SHOW UP TO AN EARLY VOTE SITE, THEY CHECK IN, THEIR VOTER REGISTRATION IS CHECKED AGAINST COUNTY VOTER ROLL. IF THEY’RE NOT REGISTERED, THEY HAVE SAME DAY REGISTRATION, SO THEY CAN ACTUALLY JUST REGISTER ON SITE. ONCE THEY DO THAT, THEY RECEIVE A PAPER SCANNABLE BALLOT. IT’S KIND OF LIKE A SCANTRON FORM WHERE YOU BUBBLE IN YOUR ANSWERS. YOU HAVE TO CHOOSE AT LEAST THREE PREFERENCES, UP TO FIVE. THE PARTY SAYS IT WILL BE SCANNING IN THIS INFORMATION INTO A CLOUD-BASED SYSTEM AND THEN, YES, DISTRIBUTED TO THEIR HOME PRECINCT SO THAT THEIR VOTES WILL BE COUNTED JUST AS IF THEY HAD BEEN THERE IN PERSON. AND THAT’S HOW THEY WILL OBTAIN THAT DATA ON THE ACTUAL DAY OF THE CAUCUS TO BRING IN THAT EARLY VOTE INFORMATION.>>Sreenivasan: OKAY, EVERYONE’S BECOMING KIND OF A SIDELINE GEEK HERE AND TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHAT’S THE APP THEY’RE USING, WHAT’S HAPPENING, IS THE TECHNOLOGY HACKER PROOF, ET CETERA. WHAT ARE THE KIND OF STEPS THAT THE LOCAL D.N.C. OR THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY IS TAKING?>>RIGHT, SO PARTY OFFICIALS HERE HAVE TOLD ME THAT THEY’RE WORKING WITH SECURITY EXPERTS. YOU KNOW, THEY BROUGHT IN ADDITIONAL FOLKS IN THE WAKE OF WHAT HAPPENED IN IOWA WITH THE PROBLEMS THEY EXPERIENCED THERE WITH THEIR REPORTING DAY APP. THE PARTY HERE HAS NOT SPECIFIED EXACTLY WHAT THOSE STEPS ARE. THEY SAY THEY ARE TAKING STEPS, THOUGH THEY DON’T WANT TO DETAIL ALL OF THEM, THOUGH, FOR SECURITY PURPOSES. THEY ALSO SAY THAT THEY’RE TESTING THE SYSTEM, THE CAUCUS DAY SYSTEM THAT IS, WITH VOLUNTEERS THAT ARE BOTH EXPERIENCED, THEY’VE RUN A CAUCUS BEFORE, AND WITH VOLUNTEERS WHO ARE FIRST TIME VOLUNTEERS. THEY WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT THIS SYSTEM IS USABLE FOR EVERYONE, SORT OF, REGARDLESS OF THEIR EXPERIENCE LEVEL.>>Sreenivasan: ONE OF THE SURPRISING STORIES IS, WELL, A NON-ENDORSEMENT. THE CULINARY UNION, WHICH IS TRADITIONALLY PRETTY POWERFUL, HAS CHOSEN TO WAIT. HOW, HOW SIGNIFICANT IS THAT?>>THAT’S RIGHT. IT’S A REALLY BIG DEAL, ACTUALLY, HERE IN NEVADA. SO, THE CULINARY UNION, THEY REPRESENT ABOUT 60,000 HOTEL WORKERS, THE ONES ON THE LAS VEGAS STRIP AND ALL ACROSS THE STATE. THEY ARE A POLITICALLY POWERFUL UNION. THEY’RE KNOWN FOR TURNING THE TIDES IN ELECTIONS IF THEY WANT TO GET INVOLVED AND THEY WANT TO GET THEIR FOLKS OUT TO VOTE. THEY DID, AS YOU MENTIONED, DECIDE TO NOT ENDORSE IN THIS DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY. IT WAS THE SUBJECT OF MUCH SPECULATION FOR QUITE SOME TIME AS TO WHETHER THEY WOULD. THIS ENDORSEMENT IS GENERALLY– OR NON-ENDORSEMENT, RATHER, IS THOUGHT TO BE, YOU KNOW, MORE HURTFUL TOWARD JOE BIDEN, FORMER VICE PRESIDENT, IN THAT HE’S HAD A LONGSTANDING RELATIONSHIP WITH THE UNION. IN FACT, THE UNION SECRETARY TREASURER WENT SO FAR AS TO DESCRIBE HIM AS A FRIEND IN THEIR NON-ENDORSEMENT ANNOUNCEMENT. HE WAS THE ONLY CANDIDATE THAT THEY MENTIONED BY NAME. AT THE SAME TIME, THEY’RE DECIDING TO REALLY FOCUS ON THEIR PRIORITIES. AND ONE OF THOSE IS MAKING SURE THAT A CANDIDATE THAT SUPPORTS MEDICARE FOR ALL DOES NOT GET PAST. THAT’S BECAUSE THE UNION RUNS THEIR OWN HEALTH TRUST AND THEY DON’T WANT TO SEE THAT GO AWAY UNDER A MEDICARE FOR ALL PLAN.>>Sreenivasan: AND SO, ARE THERE ANY OTHER CONTENDERS THAT SEE THAT AS AN OPPORTUNITY?>>YES. SO THIS IS GENERALLY THOUGHT TO BE SORT OF LEVELING THE PLAYING FIELD, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE CANDIDATES THAT ARE MORE MODERATE. THEY PREFER THE CREATION OF A GOVERNMENT RUN PUBLIC HEALTH INSURANCE OPTION VERSUS JUST A SINGLE MEDICARE FOR ALL SYSTEM. SO THIS IS GENERALLY THOUGHT TO BE, YOU KNOW, A GOOD THING FOR PETE BUTTIGIEG, IT’S THOUGHT TO BE A GOOD THING FOR AMY KLOBUCHAR. IT SORT OF DOES LEVEL THE PLAYING FIELD AND NOW ALLOWS ALL OF THESE CAMPAIGNS REALLY TO GO OUT AND COURT UNION MEMBERS, AS OPPOSED TO KNOWING THAT THE UNION IS HARD AT WORK, TRYING TO GET THEIR FOLKS OUT SPECIFICALLY TO SUPPORT ONE PARTICULAR CANDIDATE.>>Sreenivasan: ALL RIGHT, MEGAN MESSERLY, THANKS SO MUCH FOR JOINING US.>>THANKS FOR HAVING ME ON.>>Sreenivasan: FOR CONTINUING COVERAGE OF THE NEVADA CAUCUSES AND THE 2020 PRESIDENTIAL RACE, VISIT pbs.org/newshour.>>Sreenivasan: TAIWAN ANNOUNCED ITS FIRST DEATH FROM THE CORONAVIRUS TODAY. THE VICTIM WAS A 61-YEAR OLD MAN WHO HAD NEVER TRAVELED TO MAINLAND CHINA. JAPAN ANNOUNCED 70 MORE INFECTIONS ON THE QUARANTINED “DIAMOND PRINCESS” CRUISE SHIP, MEANING THEY NOW HAVE 355 CONFIRMED CASES. IT IS THE LARGEST CLUSTER OF THE CORONAVIRUS OUTSIDE OF CHINA. A TOP U.S. OFFICIAL SAID TODAY THAT 40 AMERICAN PASSENGERS WHO WERE INFECTED WITH THE VIRUS WILL REMAIN IN JAPAN FOR TREATMENT. OTHER AMERICANS ON THE SHIP ARE BEING EVACUATED TO U.S. AIR FORCE BASES WHERE THEY WILL SPEND ANOTHER TWO WEEKS IN QUARANTINE. AT A NEWS CONFERENCE TODAY IN MALAYSIA, THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER SAID AN AMERICAN WOMAN WHO WAS ON THE WESTERDAM CRUISE SHIP NOW DOCKED IN CAMBODIA HAS TESTED POSITIVE A SECOND TIME FOR THE CORONAVIRUS. MALAYSIAN AUTHORITIES SAY THEY WILL NOT ALLOW ANY MORE PASSENGERS FROM THE SHIP TO ENTER THE COUNTRY. WINDS GUSTING MORE THAN 90 MILES PER HOUR AND RECORD RAINFALL CAUSED BRITISH AUTHORITIES TO ISSUE MORE THAN 350 FLOOD WARNINGS AS A STORM NAMED DENNIS INTENSIFIED ACROSS THE U.K. TODAY. THE WEATHER ALERTS INCLUDED WHAT’S CALLED A “RED WARNING” FOR SOUTH WALES– BRITAIN’S HIGHEST LEVEL FOR WEATHER- RELATED DANGERS AND THE FIRST ISSUED SINCE 2015. HUNDREDS OF FLIGHTS WERE CANCELED BECAUSE OF HIGH WINDS AND TRAIN SERVICE WAS REPEATEDLY DISRUPTED. DENNIS IS THE FOURTH NAMED STORM THIS WINTER IN EUROPE AND HAS BEEN BLAMED FOR TWO DEATHS. FLOODWATERS IN MISSISSIPPI CONTINUED TO RISE TODAY JUST ONE DAY AFTER THE GOVERNOR DECLARED A STATE OF EMERGENCY. STATE OFFICIALS ARE WARNING CITIZENS TO AVOID THE PEARL RIVER IN AND AROUND THE CAPITAL CITY OF JACKSON. THE RIVER IS EXPECTED TO CREST AT 38 FEET TOMORROW EVENING, THAT’S TEN FEET ABOVE FLOOD STAGE. THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE REMAIN AT RISK AND THE RISING WATERS ARE THREATENING MORE THAN 2,400 STRUCTURES. THE CURRENT FLOODING COULD BE THE WORST IN JACKSON SINCE 1983, WHEN THE PEARL RIVER CRESTED AT ALMOST 40 FEET.>>Sreenivasan: TUESDAY WILL MARK 55 YEARS SINCE TWO OF AMERICA’S MOST INFLUENTIAL INTELLECTUALS FACED OFF IN A DEBATE IN ENGLAND AT CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY’S DEBATING SOCIETY– THE CAMBRIDGE UNION. IT WAS A DEBATE ABOUT RACE: ONE THAT STILL FASCINATES AND RESONATES TODAY AND IS THE SUBJECT OF A NEW BOOK. NEWSHOUR WEEKEND’S ZACHARY GREEN HAS OUR STORY.>>THE TROUBLE IN AMERICA WHERE THE NEGRO COMMUNITY IS CONCERNED IS A VERY COMPLICATED ONE.>>IT COMES AS A GREAT SHOCK TO DISCOVER THAT THE COUNTRY– WHICH IS YOUR BIRTHPLACE AND TO WHICH YOU OWE YOUR LIFE AND YOUR IDENTITY– HAS NOT IN ITS WHOLE SYSTEM OF REALITY EVOLVED ANY PLACE FOR YOU.>>Reporter: ON THE EVENING OF FEBRUARY 18, 1965, TWO CULTURAL GIANTS, JAMES BALDWIN AND WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY, JR., SQUARED OFF IN-PERSON FOR THE FIRST TIME. MORE THAN 50 YEARS LATER, THE DEBATE STILL RESONATES. POLITICAL SCIENCE PROFESSOR NICHOLAS BUCCOLA OF LINFIELD COLLEGE IN OREGON WAS SO TAKEN WITH THE SKIRMISH THAT HE WROTE A BOOK ABOUT IT: “THE FIRE IS UPON US.”>>IT JUST SEEMED TO ME JUST SUCH A DRAMATIC MOMENT AND SUCH AN IMPORTANT ONE. SO THESE TWO MOVEMENTS THAT DID SO MUCH TO DEFINE 20th CENTURY POLITICAL HISTORY– TO HAVE THESE TWO FIGURES CLASHING WAS JUST– JUST IRRESISTIBLE.>>Reporter: THOUGH BALDWIN AND BUCKLEY WERE ABOUT THE SAME AGE, THEIR LIVES COULD NOT HAVE BEGUN MORE DIFFERENTLY. BALDWIN GREW UP IN POVERTY IN HARLEM, AND WENT FROM WAITING TABLES IN NEW YORK’S GREENWICH VILLAGE TO BECOME A LITERARY CRITIC AND, EVENTUALLY, A RENOWNED NOVELIST AND ESSAYIST. BUCKLEY, A SCION OF WEALTH, GRADUATED FROM YALE AND BECAME AN INFLUENTIAL MAGAZINE EDITOR AND COLUMNIST. BOTH WROTE EXTENSIVELY ABOUT RACE IN 1950s AND 60s AMERICA–THOUGH FROM DRASTICALLY DIFFERENT POINTS OF VIEW. BUCKLEY MADE HIS POSITION CLEAR IN A 1957 NATIONAL REVIEW PIECE CALLED “WHY THE SOUTH MUST PREVAIL,” IN WHICH HE CONTENDED THAT WHITE SOUTHERNERS ARE ENTITLED TO “TAKE SUCH MEASURES AS ARE NECESSARY TO PREVAIL, POLITICALLY AND CULTURALLY” OVER BLACK CITIZENS.>>AND BUCKLEY SAYS EXPLICITLY THAT THEY HAVE THIS RIGHT AND DUTY BECAUSE THEY ARE, AND THIS IS A QUOTE, “FOR THE TIME BEING THE ADVANCED RACE.” AND HE CALLS ON PEOPLE IN THE SOUTH– THEY HAVE AN OBLIGATION TO PROMOTE THE CULTURAL EQUALITY OF BLACK PEOPLE, AND THAT EVENTUALLY THEY NEED TO ALLOW THEM IN– TO, YOU KNOW– EMPOWER THEM WITH FULL CITIZENSHIP.>>Reporter: WHAT DID BALDWIN THINK WAS AT THE HEART OF THE RACIAL DIVIDE IN AMERICA?>>WHAT BALDWIN SAID FROM, YOU KNOW, SOME OF HIS EARLIEST– EARLIEST WRITINGS ON THIS IS THAT– THESE PEOPLE ARE SCARED. THEIR IDENTITY IS WRAPPED UP IN THIS IDEA THAT THEIR WHITENESS IS WHAT GIVES THEM THEIR ONLY SOURCE OF MORAL WORTH IN THE WORLD, IT’S WHAT GIVES THEM VALUE IN THE WORLD. BALDWIN SAYS THAT IS AN EXTRAORDINARILY SAD MORAL LIFE THAT THAT PERSON IS LEADING. THAT IS THE THING THEY ARE CLINGING TO– TO GIVE THEM A SENSE OF MEANING.>>Reporter: BUCCOLA INTERVIEWED MEMBERS OF CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY’S DEBATING SOCIETY– THE CAMBRIDGE UNION– WHO WERE PRESENT AT THE 1965 DEBATE. THEY SAID THE UNION AGREED TO LET BALDWIN APPEAR AS PART OF A PUBLICITY TOUR FOR ONE OF HIS BOOKS– AS LONG AS ANOTHER GUEST CHALLENGED HIM ON ONE OF THE THEMES OF HIS WRITINGS. THEY ULTIMATELY INVITED BUCKLEY, WHO ACCEPTED. THE MOTION DEBATED WAS THIS: “THE AMERICAN DREAM IS AT THE EXPENSE OF THE AMERICAN NEGRO.”>>GOOD EVENING.>>BALDWIN STARTS HIS SPEECH WITH THIS IDEA THAT WE CAN’T EVEN BEGIN REFLECTING ON THE MORAL AND POLITICAL QUESTIONS AT HAND WITHOUT FIRST ADDRESSING THIS– THIS QUESTION OF, “WHAT IS ONE’S SYSTEM OF REALITY?”>>THE MISSISSIPPI, OR THE ALABAMA, SHERIFF, WHO REALLY DOES BELIEVE WHEN HE’S FACING A NEGRO, A BOY OR A GIRL, THAT THIS WOMAN, THIS MAN, THIS CHILD, MUST BE INSANE TO ATTACK THE SYSTEM TO WHICH HE OWES HIS ENTIRE IDENTITY. OF COURSE, FOR SUCH A PERSON, THE PROPOSITION OF WHICH, WHICH WE ARE TRYING TO DISCUSS HERE TONIGHT, DOES NOT EXIST.>>Reporter: THERE’S THIS ONE KIND OF REMARKABLE POINT IN THE SPEECH WHERE BALDWIN SUDDENLY SHIFTS FROM SPEAKING IN THE SECOND PERSON TO SPEAKING IN THE FIRST PERSON.>>I AM STATING VERY SERIOUSLY, AND THIS IS NOT AN OVERSTATEMENT, THATIPICKED THE COTTON, ANDICARRIED IT TO MARKET, ANDIBUILT THE RAILROADS, UNDER SOMEONE ELSE’S WHIP, FOR NOTHING. FOR NOTHING.>>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU THINK HIS PURPOSE WAS IN MAKING THIS SHIFT?>>BALDWIN WANTS TO CALL ON EVERYONE WATCHING THAT DEBATE TO RECOGNIZE THAT WHITE SUPREMACY IS NOT SOMETHING IN THE PAST. IT’S SOMETHING THAT’S CENTRAL TO ALL OF OUR LIVES, AND THAT WE ARE ALL IN SOME SENSE COMPLICIT IN IT, AND WE ALL HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO FIGHT BACK AGAINST IT. AND HE TALKS ABOUT THE WAYS IN WHICH THE MORAL LIVES OF WHITE PEOPLE HAVE BEEN DESTROYED BY THIS PLAGUE CALLED “COLOR.”>>NO MATTER WHAT DISASTER OVERTAKES THEM, THEY HAVE ONE ENORMOUS KNOWLEDGE AND CONSOLATION WHICH IS LIKE A HEAVENLY REVELATION: AT LEAST THEY ARE NOT BLACK. NOW I SUGGEST THAT OF ALL THE TERRIBLE THINGS THAT CAN HAPPEN TO A HUMAN BEING, THAT IS ONE OF THE WORST. I SUGGEST THAT WHAT HAS HAPPENED TO WHITE SOUTHERNERS IS IN SOME WAYS, AFTER ALL, MUCH WORSE THAN WHAT HAS HAPPENED TO NEGROES THERE.>>Reporter: WHEN BALDWIN ENDED HIS REMARKS, HE RECEIVED A STANDING OVATION. THEN IT WAS BUCKLEY’S TURN TO TAKE THE FLOOR.>>IT IS IMPOSSIBLE, IN MY JUDGMENT, TO DEAL WITH THE INDICTMENT OF MR. BALDWIN UNLESS ONE IS PREPARED TO DEAL WITH HIM AS A WHITE MAN.>>THIS IS A STRANGE ARGUMENT FOR MANY OF US TO HEAR, BUT HERE’S WHAT BUCKLEY HAD IN MIND. FOR BUCKLEY, PART OF THE EXPERIENCE OF BEING TREATED AS A BLACK PERSON WAS TO NOT HAVE ONE’S IDEAS TAKEN SERIOUSLY. AND SO BUCKLEY’S ARGUMENT WAS THAT, “I WILL TREAT BALDWIN AS A WHITE MAN,” THAT FOR BUCKLEY THAT MEANT, “I WILL TAKE HIS IDEAS SERIOUSLY, AND I WILL CALL HIM OUT FOR THE IDEAS THAT I THINK ARE DANGEROUS.”>>Reporter: BUCKLEY WENT ON TO DESCRIBE WHAT HE SAW AS THE CAUSES OF RACIAL INEQUALITY IN AMERICA.>>ONE IS THE DREADFUL EFFORTS TO PERPETUATE DISCRIMINATION BY MANY INDIVIDUAL AMERICAN CITIZENS AS A RESULT OF THEIR LACK OF THAT FINAL AND ULTIMATE CONCERN WHICH SOME PEOPLE ARE TRULY TRYING TO AGITATE. THE OTHER IS AS A RESULT OF THE FAILURE OF THE NEGRO COMMUNITY ITSELF TO MAKE CERTAIN EXERTIONS, WHICH WERE MADE BY OTHER MINORITY GROUPS DURING THE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE.>>BUCKLEY IS VERY CAREFUL TO SAY, “THERE ARE INDIVIDUAL WHITE PEOPLE. SO IT’S NOT A COLLECTIVE PROBLEM. THERE ARE SOME BAD APPLES OUT THERE, AND THAT NEED TO BE ADDRESSED.” BUT THEN HE SAYS REALLY THE CENTRAL PROBLEM IS THAT AFRICAN AMERICANS AREN’T TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE OPPORTUNITIES THAT ARE AVAILABLE TO THEM.>>Reporter: AT THE TIME OF THE DEBATE IN EARLY 1965, THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT HAD NOT YET PASSED AND BLACK PEOPLE IN THE SOUTH STILL FACED ENORMOUS BARRIERS AT THE BALLOT BOX. AT ONE POINT DURING BUCKLEY’S REMARKS, AN AMERICAN AUDIENCE MEMBER INTERJECTED.>>ONE THING YOU MIGHT DO, MR. BUCKLEY, IS LET THEM VOTE IN MISSISSIPPI.>>I THINK ACTUALLY WHAT IS WRONG IN MISSISSIPPI, SIR, IS NOT THAT NOT ENOUGH NEGROES ARE VOTING BUT THAT TOO MANY WHITE PEOPLE ARE VOTING. (LAUGHTER)>>THE AUDIENCE LAUGHS, BUT BUCKLEY IS DEADLY SERIOUS ABOUT THIS. HE’S STILL SUPPORTING DISENFRANCHISEMENT OF BLACK PEOPLE, BUT HE’S SAYING, “I’LL ALSO DISENFRANCHISE SOME WHITE PEOPLE AND LEAVE ONLY A WHITE ELITE TO CONTROL THE SITUATION IN THE SOUTH.” AND HE’S USING THINGS LIKE THIS IDEA OF COLORBLIND CONSTITUTIONALISM AS A WAY TO KIND OF HOLLOW OUT THE ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT.>>Reporter: AT THE END OF THE DEBATE, A VOTE WAS TAKEN TO DETERMINE THE “WINNER.” BALDWIN RECEIVED 544 VOTES. BUCKLEY JUST 164. BUT BUCKLEY WAS FAR FROM DISCOURAGED.>>HE SAYS, “I AM SO PROUD OF MY PERFORMANCE THAT NIGHT BECAUSE I DID NOT GIVE THEM ONE (BLEEP) INCH.” THAT REALLY CAPTURES HIS CREED IN– IN– YOU KNOW, A VERY SHORT SLOGAN, RIGHT?>>Reporter: IN BUCCOLA’S FINAL ANALYSIS, THE DIVIDE BETWEEN BALDWIN AND BUCKLEY IS REFLECTIVE OF THE POLITICAL DIVIDE FACING AMERICANS EVEN TODAY.>>TO BE A PATRIOT FOR BUCKLEY MEANT STANDING UP FOR THE INSTITUTIONS AND IDEAS THAT YOU TAKE TO BE CENTRAL TO THE AMERICAN POLITICAL EXPERIMENT, AND HE VIEWED HIS ROLE THROUGHOUT HIS LIFE AS– AS BEING SOMEBODY WHO WOULD BE A GUARDIAN OF THOSE IDEALS AGAINST IDEAS, AND– AND INSTITUTIONS, AND GROUPS THAT HE THOUGHT WERE THREATENING TO THOSE IDEALS. BALDWIN SAYS THAT PATRIOTISM REQUIRES A CONSTANT CRITICISM, A CONSTANT REFLECTION ON THE WAYS IN WHICH WE’RE FALLING SHORT OF OUR-OUR IDEALS AND– AND TO LOVE ONE’S COUNTRY MEANS THAT WE HAVE TO DO THAT TOGETHER. IT’S THE FOUNDATION OF MORALLY HOW WE SH– HOW WE OUGHT TO BEHAVE, HOW WE OUGHT TO LIVE TOGETHER, AND IT’S THE FOUNDATION POLITICALLY OF WHAT WE NEED TO DO AS A COUNTRY TO MOVE CLOSER TO JUSTICE.>>Sreenivasan: ARIZONA HAS BEEN IN A STATE OF DROUGHT FOR SOME TWO DECADES. THAT HAS HELPED MOTIVATE A SEARCH FOR NEW WAYS TO CONSERVE WATER, PARTICULARLY IN AGRICULTURE. NEWSHOUR WEEKEND VISITED CENTRAL ARIZONA TO GET A FIRSTHAND LOOK AT WHAT SOME ORGANIZATIONS AND FARMERS ARE DOING TO TRANSITION AWAY FROM WATER-INTENSIVE CROPS. IVETTE FELICIANO HAS MORE.>>WE PICK UP RAW GRAIN AND WE BRING THAT RAW BARLEY IN HERE AND WE CLEAN IT. AND THAT’S OUR FIRST STEP.>>Reporter: IN THIS 3,200 SQUARE FOOT SPACE IN THE TOWN OF CAMP VERDE IN CENTRAL ARIZONA, CHIP NORTON IS TAKING US THROUGH THE PROCESS OF MALTING BARLEY.>>HERE’S WHAT THE BARLEY LOOKS LIKE RIGHT HERE. IT’S JUST LIKE SEEDS.>>Reporter: NORTON IS THE FOUNDER OF SINAGUA MALT. EVERY WEEK IT CONVERTS 8,000 POUNDS OF RAW BARLEY INTO MALTED BARLEY. THIS PROCESS INVOLVES SOAKING THE KERNELS IN WATER TO GERMINATE AND THEN DRYING THEM TO ENCOURAGE FERMENTATION. THIS BARLEY IS A KEY INGREDIENT IN BEER AND THIS PLANT JUST MIGHT HELP SAVE THE LOCAL WATER SUPPLY. TO UNDERSTAND WHY THAT IS, YOU FIRST HAVE TO VISIT THE LARGEST BODY OF WATER IN THE AREA– THE VERDE RIVER. THE MORE THAN 150 MILE RIVER RUNS THROUGH CENTRAL ARIZONA AND SUPPORTS IRRIGATION OF LOCAL FARMS– WHICH ARE AMONG THE HEAVIEST USERS OF WATER IN THE AREA. IT ALSO PROVIDES WATER TO DOWNSTREAM RESIDENTS. BUT EFFECTS FROM LONG TERM DROUGHT, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND DEVELOPMENT ALONG ITS BANKS THREATEN ITS ABILITY TO DELIVER WATER TO MILLIONS OF PEOPLE AND FARMS THAT DEPEND ON IT.>>THE VERDE RIVER IS A PRETTY AMAZING RIVER AND IT’S VERY RESILIENT, AND HAS FLOW IN THE RIVER, BUT WE HAVE A FEW PLACES WHERE THE FLOW GETS REALLY LOW AND YOU KNOW IT’S ALMOST DRY.>>Reporter: KIMBERLY SCHONEK IS THE VERDE RIVER PROGRAM DIRECTOR FOR THE NON-PROFIT ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATION, THE NATURE CONSERVANCY.>>SO WHAT THE CONSERVANCY HAS REALLY BEEN WORKING ON IS HOW DO WE KEEP THIS RIVER LOOKING THE WAY IT LOOKS. AND WE WANT TO RESTORE FLOW IN THOSE PLACES WHERE IT IS REALLY LOW AND WE WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT FLOW CONTINUES INTO THE FUTURE.>>Reporter: AND THAT BARLEY BEING PROCESSED AT SINAGUA MAY BE PART OF THE SOLUTION.>>YOU KNOW, THE FIRST YEAR WAS 15 ACRES AND NOW WERE UP TO 150 ACRES.>>Reporter: IN 2016 THE NATURE CONSERVANCY PARTNERED WITH ZACH HAUSER AND HIS FAMILY ON A PILOT PROJECT. THE HAUSER’S CONVERTED SOME OF THE CONSERVANCY’S ALFALFA FIELDS TO BARLEY WITH THE HOPE OF EVENTUALLY GROWING BARLEY ON THEIR FAMILY LAND.>>WE’VE GROWN BARLEY BEFORE SO WE KNOW THAT BARLEY WORKS HERE.>>Reporter: BUT REPEATING THAT PAST SUCCESS WAS IMPORTANT. MUCH OF THE HAUSER FAMILY’S 700 ACRES WERE FILLED WITH ALFALFA AND CORN, VERY THIRSTY CROPS. IF THEY GREW BARLEY ON THE OTHER HAND, THEY COULD USE ABOUT 50% LESS WATER TO IRRIGATE PER ACRE. AND THERE WOULD BE ANOTHER BENEFIT.>>BARLEY USES WATER FROM JANUARY THROUGH MAY, BUT THEN NO IRRIGATION JUNE, JULY AND AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER WHEN THE RIVER GETS TO ITS LOWEST.>>Reporter: THIS WATER-USE CYCLE HELPS CONSERVE WATER WHEN RIVER FLOW IS REDUCED. ALFALFA AND CORN, ON THE OTHER HAND, REQUIRE WATER THROUGH THE SUMMER. BUT NONE OF THAT WOULD MATTER TO THE HAUSERS IF THEY COULDN’T MAKE A PROFIT. BARLEY IS OFTEN GROWN FOR ANIMAL FEED– A LOWER PROFIT VENTURE.>>IF WE CAN DO WHAT WE CAN TO CONSERVE WATER AND USE AS LITTLE AS POSSIBLE BUT STILL YOU KNOW, MAKE A GOOD CROP AND MAKE A PROFIT. YOU KNOW, THAT’S WHAT WE’RE AFTER.>>Reporter: BUT THERE WAS JUST ONE PROBLEM.>>THERE WAS NO CRAFT MALTHOUSE IN ARIZONA. SO THE FARMER WOULD HAVE HAD TO SHIP THE BARLEY ALL THE WAY TO WHO KNOWS, IDAHO, SASKATCHEWAN, WHEREVER, TO GET IT MALTED AND THEN SHIP IT BACK. THE LOCAL MARKET IS A MUCH BETTER SETUP FOR A LOCAL FARMER.>>Reporter: THAT’S WHERE SINAGUA MALT CAME IN… CREATING A LOCAL MARKET FOR FARMERS TO SELL RAW BARLEY.>>IF WE COULD COME UP WITH A WAY TO GET THE BARLEY MALTED THEN WE WOULD HAVE A MARKET FOR THE FARMER.>>Reporter: BARLEY FOR MALTING CAN MAKE A FARM ABOUT $200 A TON VERSUS LESS THAN $150 FOR BARLEY GROWN FOR FEED. SO IN 2017, THE NATURE CONSERVANCY INVESTED $200,000 TO HELP OPEN SINAGUA MALT AND SECURED BUY-IN FROM A FEW LOCAL BREWERIES TO PURCHASE THE MALT BARLEY. IT REGISTERED AS A BENEFIT CORPORATION, MEANING PROFITS GO TOWARDS A PUBLIC OR SOCIAL GOOD, LIKE WATER CONSERVATION, AND NOT JUST SHAREHOLDERS. THE PROJECT IS STILL IN ITS INFANCY, BUT 150 ACRES OF BARLEY GROWN IN CAMP VERDE NOW SUPPLIES 13 BREWERIES IN ARIZONA. AND ACCORDING TO THE NATURE CONSERVANCY, EARLY RESULTS SHOW IT SAVED CLOSE TO 50 MILLION GALLONS OF WATER IN 2019. THAT’S ON TOP OF THE 100 MILLION GALLONS FROM THE PREVIOUS TWO YEARS.>>SINAGUA MALT AND THIS CROP CONVERSION AREN’T A SILVER BULLET. BUT IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF A MENU OF THINGS THAT IF THEY’RE DONE IN A COORDINATED WAY WILL MAKE A DIFFERENCE TO KEEP THE VERDE RIVER FLOWING.>>THIS IS PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND,SUNDAY.>>Sreenivasan: FOR THE LAST SEVERAL WEEKS WE’VE BEEN BRINGING YOU A SERIES OF REPORTS FROM PBS STUDENT REPORTING LABS. TODAY, THEY ARE EXPLORING MISCONCEPTIONS OF L.G.B.T.Q. YOUTH. IT’S PART OF THEIR “NO LABELS ATTACHED” SERIES.>>THE TIME I FELT MISUNDERSTOOD IS WHEN I TOLD MY DAD I WAS GAY. THAT’S WHEN I FELT MISUNDERSTOOD, LIKE, A LOT. BECAUSE HE DIDN’T TAKE IT HOW I WANTED HIM TO TAKE IT.>>I WAS SCARED TO COME OUT, AND I JUST HID MYSELF, AND I FELL INTO LIKE A HUGE DEPRESSION AND COULDN’T TRUST ANYONE.>>I HAD TOLD SOMEONE THAT I WAS BISEXUAL. AND BECAUSE OF THAT, THEY THOUGHT THAT I LIKED EVERYONE AROUND ME. I LIKED EVERY BOY AND EVERY GIRL AND THEY MADE FUN OF ME FOR THAT.>>THE BIGGEST STEREOTYPE THAT YOU GET SURROUNDING BEING GENDER FLUID, OR HAVING PRONOUNS THAT ARE NOT NECESSARILY SET IN STONE, IS THE STEREOTYPE OF THE SPECIAL SNOWFLAKE OR THE PERSON WHO IS JUST DOING IT TO GET ATTENTION OR FAKING IT SPECIFICALLY.>>IN MY DAY TO DAY LIFE THAT’S PEOPLE BEING WEIRDED OUT BY ME OR BEING CONFUSED BY ME, OR MISGENDERING ME ALL THE TIME, AND IT’S NOT SOMETHING THAT I SHOULD BE DEALING WITH OR THAT ANY TRANSGENDER PERSON SHOULD BE DEALING WITH BECAUSE WE WANT TO JUST LIVE OUR LIVES LIKE EVERYONE ELSE.>>IT HURT BECAUSE I WAS BEING BULLIED FOR IT. BUT IT WAS ALSO I TRIED TO UNDERSTAND HER BECAUSE SHE DIDN’T REALLY UNDERSTAND ME.>>ALL MY FRIENDS WERE COMPASSIONATE. THEY DIDN’T TREAT ME DIFFERENTLY LIKE MY OLD FRIEND. AND IT WAS JUST FINDING THE RIGHT GROUP OF FRIENDS TO SUPPORT YOU.>>BEING ME IS BEING MYSELF AND THAT’S WHATEVER COMES WITH ME.>>YOU ARE VALID, BECAUSE YOU ARE! UM, NO MATTER WHO YOU ARE, NO MATTER WHAT YOU ARE, NO MATTER WHAT YOU IDENTIFY AS OR WHAT YOU FEEL, YOU ARE VALID, YOUR FEELINGS ARE VALID, AND THAT’S THE MOST IMPORTANT THING.>>Sreenivasan: NEWSHOUR WILL HAVE THE LATEST ON THE RACE FOR THE DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATION, INCLUDING THE NEXT CANDIDATE DEBATE, WEDNESDAY NIGHT IN LAS VEGAS, AND PRESIDENT TRUMP’S PLANNED RALLY THERE ON FRIDAY. WATCH ON AIR OR ONLINE AT pbs.org/newshour. THAT’S ALL FOR THIS EDITION OF PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND, I’M HARI SREENIVASAN, THANKS FOR WATCHING, HAVE A GOODS NIGHT.>>PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND IS MADEPOSSIBLE BY:BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ.SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III.THE CHERYL AND PHILIP MILSTEINFAMILY.ROSALIND P. WALTER.BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG.CHARLES ROSENBLUM.WE TRY TO LIVE IN THE MOMENT,TO NOT MISS WHAT’S RIGHT INFRONT OF US.AT MUTUAL OF AMERICA, WEBELIEVE TAKING CARE OF TOMORROWCAN HELP YOU MAKE THE MOST OFTODAY.MUTUAL OF AMERICA FINANCIALGROUP, RETIREMENT SERVICES ANDINVESTMENTS.ADDITIONAL SUPPORT HAS BEENPROVIDED BY:AND BY THE CORPORATION FORPUBLIC BROADCASTING, A PRIVATECORPORATION FUNDED BY THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.AND BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOURPBS STATION FROM VIEWERS LIKEYOU.THANK YOU.