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    IRCTC IPO | IRCTC facts and analysis | Indian railway
    Articles, Blog

    IRCTC IPO | IRCTC facts and analysis | Indian railway

    November 20, 2019


    Friends You must have heard of IRCTC When you booked railway tickets You may have used its website or maybe app. These days it is quite famous because its IPO is coming up. Many investors like you are interested in subscribing in it. If you are interested in subscribing to it watch this video till the end. Because I will tell you what business it does how its business is operated and how its business has improved over the years. Watch till the end, so you can make an informed decision whether you should invest in it or not. I, Jagdeep Singh, welcome you to Groww channel Come, let’s talk about IRCTC’s business. When I first heard about IRCTC’s IPO, I felt confused too. Is it the same company that books tickets for Indian railways. But when I looked at it in depth I got to learn that IRCTC’s business is not only ticket booking but its business is spread across four segments. It provides four services to Indian Railways. First, it provides a platform where customers can book tickets. from Indian Railways. Second, is in the catering business. If you booked a ticket, if you board Indian Railways, all food inside the train is provided by IRCTC. Third, if you go to a railway platform, and board a train you might buy water which is called Rail Neer. This brand is also owned by IRCTC. Apart from this, fourth main business the blankets are provided to Indian Railways by IRCTC. So friends, their business is quite diversified. Their business is spread across four sectors. To tell you a surprising fact which I myself was surprised by is that if IRCTC makes 100 rupees, it gets only 12 rupees from ticket booking. Friends, our perception that IRCTC only books ticket is wrong. Because its main business is something else. If IRCTC’s revenue from ticket booking is only 12 rupees, where does it main revenue come from? Friends, its main revenue, more than 50% comes from the catering business. Has IRCTC always made so much profit from catering? Or did they improve their business in recent years? Let’s talk about the financials of IRCTC and try to understand this point. Friends, as you can see on the screen in the financial year 2017, only 25% of IRCTC’s revenue came from catering. Which increased to 49% in the financial year 2018. Currently, it is 55%. As you can see, they have shifted their focus in recent years to catering business. Let’s talk about its revenue. In the last three years, has its revenue increase on decreased As you can see on the screen, in the finacial year 2017, their revenue was 1535. In the financial year 2018 it dropped slightly to 1471. In the financial year 2019, it bounced back to 1868 crores. You must be wondering why its revenue dropped in the financial year 2018. Because the central government, in 2018, removed the service charge on ticket booking. Because of which their revenue was hit. To talk about its net profit, as you can see on the screen, the net profit of this company in the financial year 2017 was 229 crores. In the financial year 2018, it dropped to 221, and increased to 273 in 2019. Friends, this was their revenue break-up– a discussion on their total revenue and net profit. What is so interesting about this company that all investors are excited about its IPO? There is an important factor in IRCTC’s business which is monopoly. They do not have competitors in their business. Because there is only one company through which we can book tickets for Indian Railways and that is IRCTC. Second, if I talk about catering in Indian Railways there is only one company that provides catering service to Indian railways which is IRCTC. Apart from this, if I talk about blanket and other services, there is only one company operating which is IRCTC. So this company has monopoly on the entire business segment. Because of which it gets two advantages: First, price control. they can control the price to improve their profit and revenue. Second, barriers to entry. The investors who would have invested in this company don’t need to worry about it being replaced. Because they have complete monopoly in this sector and they do not have competitors in this sector. As you can see on the screen, 24,000 tickets are sold in a minute through IRCTC. Every day about 10 lakh tickets are booked through IRCTC. Apart from this, it has 54 lakh total users, who remain active in IRCTC. To talk about water bottles, IRCTC makes 21 crore water bottles every day. You will get to know how efficient their system is when you hear that daily 28,000 new users are added on IRCTC Friends, I said all good things about IRCTC so far. Now I will tell you as an investor, what might be of concern. Every company has good and bad. Somethings may not be well, there might be problems too In this company, there is mainly one problem which is that this is a public sector company which makes it vulnerable to regulatory norms. As I told you, in 2018, their revenue and net profit dropped because the government removed service charge on online ticket booking. Whatever regulations are issued by the government, its profit and revenue will be directly impacted. If you are an investor, you must be careful how regulatory norms might impact it in the future. Friends, this video was solely for educational purposes. So that if you are thinking about subscribing to the IPO, and don’t know anything about this company you can use this video for information. So that you know that this company you may or may not invest in how it has been performing and how it has performed in the past. If you are thinking about subscribing to IPO, do your research and then decide what you should do. Because in any videos we do not give recommendations to buy or sell anything. All our videos are strictly for educational purposes. If you enjoyed this video, please like it. Subscribe to our channel in the upcoming days because we will make more videos on financial knowledge. I will leave you at the end of this video with a question. After watching this video, and after your research, do you think you should subscribe to IRCTC’s IPO. If you think yes, then comment YES. If not, comment NO. Happy Investing!

    Warren Buffett explains Purchase of Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad (April 1, 2011)
    Articles, Blog

    Warren Buffett explains Purchase of Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad (April 1, 2011)

    August 15, 2019


    warren buffet is here as you know he is
    perhaps the world’s most respected investor is also chairman and c_e_o_
    berkshire hathaway he’s been on this program many times i
    last spoke with him over a year ago at the peak of the worst economic crisis
    system great depression at that time he said that america been struck by the
    economic pearl harbor but much has changed since then he’s here to tell us
    how you use a global an american economy recovery his own company reflects a
    progress made in recent months last week berkshire hathaway struck eight twenty
    six two billion dollar deal to buy all of burlington northern santa fe railroad the largest acquisition company
    history he called the deal at all in wager on
    the american economy he’s in new york return all of that
    could help with bill dated from university yesterday iteration agreed to stay over in new
    york annette tonight and i am pleased to have a good friend of this program of
    the friend of mine back at this table welcome thank you charlie completed here a_t_c_ it has been certainly from the middle of two
    thousand eight to the middle of two thousand nine one incredible year
    monogram away so why do a lot of chocolate can be answered tell me about for you well at it was that we did was an
    extraordinary times this country we came closer to a financial meltdown than than
    uh… certainly anytime i’ve ever seen and
    probably in certain respects even it was even more panic in the the great
    depression because it came out so fast and so on expected and and uh… the whole country one of the the
    leverage of corporations individuals and unfortunately we have a government that
    responded and that was inclusive when we talked last that that it was will question and uh… of
    whether congress would wish mom like they should they did defiantly finding there that i i i i without there with me and i mean in in
    the end the come together for things of this vital to the country but but we have the right people and and and
    washington at least if we had a group of the the behave like a near the
    headlights uh… uh… there we got run over so paulson
    and burning kian geiger were the right people at the right time and you don’t know what might have
    happened if others have been in those positions of power out there that i can think of other tomato may provide
    the government work toward the ending one of the would have been with us in
    the abyss revenue just tearing down and do it uh… you made some investors during
    that period right general electric goldman sachs atop but you just pulled out the big elephant
    gun meat contaminated water mark roberts
    yourself and i think he said it sticks to the last nickel for this workshop why did you do well i i i felt was an opportunity to my
    a the business that those is going to be around for a
    hundred two hundred years that’s that’s that’s been a roll when with the
    american economy in a way that that the american economy prospers leave the
    business will prosper so that that that is the most efficient way of moving
    uh… goods in the country it’s the most uh… environmentally friendly way of moving
    goods and both will send him a very important but the biggest thing as
    united states is going to be going to do well in india we campbell guerrero dirt rider and do
    you have to accept it so uh… it so like the river that’s sort of a new
    york we have to make it here we’ve got to get anywhere i have not heard and
    send them elliott but it does move four hundred ns stand all the time of of good four
    hundred and seventy miles on one gallon of diesel that replaces adult rain
    replaces two hundred eighty trucks on the road and that it omits for us into the atmosphere
    that’s damaging than uh… than trucking spend animals forty brown one of them up
    already removed forty percent of the goods pleasanton yet new port of entry
    is like houston and bring a lot of europe through the panama canal and we’re going
    to more people this country and around the using more goods over top of that and sure there’s a bad year from time to
    time in the next hundred years probably fifteen bad years but but and i don’t
    know what order of the whole peer but i also deliver a little bit of
    sexual the country you know when you call troy monitor them think about this
    did did he say right on warren or do you say about this
    somewhat and it’s bitterly chores around came up we thought it i don’t care about
    likely have our white combined financially jellyfish alligator travel
    all level of almost nothing and at that and if that is a really
    portion of the jury so but i mean he also pointed out it is said that you know there was this was a regulated industries juror
    this was an industry that was capital-intensive a recap of this was an
    industry uh… now if you do spend money unionized do
    you know how you spend money in this business regularly every day you spent a lot of
    money repair tracker window at rolling stock whatever may be so its capital
    intensive and and uh… tentative spenders regulated and it will
    continue the regular and continue the cap on times and i think that what the service provided by
    railroads is so important captain in many ways are made at at at
    at that it’s the right way to movements around
    the country to the terms that you’re going to work that can do it farm far more attractive in terms of uh… global warming and and and and then
    uh… using trucks for example so it will be here and if we get made the reasonable return on the added
    capital investment a little break out of capital investment uh… will do okay admissible returns
    going up reason which is good enough for the
    tremendous fifty years ours looking for spectacular
    returns but i think i can i can find i think that’s going on in the area that
    we have a bit eight or ten billion dollars to invest
    every year and when you totally business and it’s the
    same thing there i mean when we build a bridge on a rationing or something of
    the short we shouldn’t expect a spectacular
    returns were building things at ur a sexual society and people-meter services that we don’t have
    any choice in the in the case of the electric utilities for example and
    sometimes in case of rail in we should get a decent return on that
    and advanced enough to encourage us to keep putting money into the business but
    we’re not entitled a spectacular pictures god u_k_ recall well it’s a bit that’s a big win in
    terms of timing john bread and if the fact we’d wean ourselves off cole is that a big problem well we will win
    ourselves off ko overtime but with we can’t change forty percent of electric generation the
    ghost of comfortable we can change that next week or next month or next year but
    we will reduce over time and we should be to join you can do the things that
    are any changes will be other world there’ll be more grain to move and i’ll
    be moral all that chemicals or whatever it may be uh… that there will be more things moving around
    this country ten or twenty or thirty years knowing your idea about mostar it is it a pleasing idea that no one is
    likely to get into the railroad business promote if they want to come on to
    reproduce uh… the burlington northern santa fe are you know it might take a
    hundred billion dollars are solid billion years they are they got their roles for me
    also modernize today are they not only one or more sleep than normal for the
    uh… the the railroad line et cetera like the events as they are
    they’re moving far more time uh… some miles uh… a product uh… uh… will with less awesome the way of people uh… less in the way if you all rental income for more efficient over
    the years there were a million and a half people
    employed the rail industry after world war two now there are some mob less than two hundred thousand united
    states and they’re moving far more good so it’s really become a video you watch
    those hundred and thirty in the trains double stacked you have all the railroad companies in
    your portfolio you’re selling them i’ve already told
    them they are not that i i i don’t know i just official take the transaction i
    think that the government investments but i uh… i would’ve held on this if this had
    happened uh… when you look at the future there’s also the argument made combat that this is something that goes with
    your philosophy today get out of cash and get into assets as we don’t know what’s gonna happen to
    the top cash is always a bad investment abuses so it will be able to cash is
    king a year ago i mean that’s crazy coming cash wasn’t
    producing anything and it was surely a noun value over time i know you always want to sure have
    enough time to have her back because i think my god you are you sure to rally
    to get out at which they don’t have you don’t have access to the maserati and
    cash we will always have enough cash around
    what anytime we have surplus cash around i’m unhappy i mean i would much rather
    have a good businesses in cash and and uh… we found a chance in the last year
    thereabouts to deploy weekly came and with something over forty billion a
    camera and we’ve got about twenty billion dollar and we’ve had some
    earning so we would put a lot of cash for work and i like that no i’d much rather out
    of the business uh… that cash hot and it is a hedge against the dollar begins at all assets are edgy and set up
    a dollar on and that all of you know is that the dollar is
    going to be worthless ten twenty thirty years from now ice a worth what’s
    not working chellam notes left but i think it will be a factor or
    special almost every person that i go back over the question is how much depreciate in
    value but cash cash is not a place that uh… that-and
    why is it well there’s always gonna be worthless
    because will will be mo put more of a man relation to the amount
    of goods and are moving there and all of it week if we drop we dropped a billion dollars of cash and
    every household united states today everybody feel very good except the people invest in things that
    were denominated in dollars wheat activity that will be no tendency outdoor deflation and in this country
    over time or or virtually in attendance to inflation absolutely well the conversation we’ve had and never thought that i would sit with
    you and we’ll talk about a fifty one split traffic lights blacktop right i mean
    this had to be a hard when or not i think i had a lobotomy one night and i
    don’t know why i did dot it it is not is not natural for me but but it it was needed to facilitate the small shareholders of bien es up
    getting the same deal