Browsing Tag: river

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    The Train Through Hairatan 🚄 |đŸ‡ŠđŸ‡« NATO in Afghanistan

    September 20, 2019


    Bringing goods over land from far away, the
    train is a common sight in many Asian countries. But due to war, poverty and the fear of invasion
    the age of the railway passed Afghanistan by. Until today.
    A modest seventy-five kilometers of track is enough to connect the neighbouring country
    of Uzbekistan with Afghanistan, passing over the Soviet constructed “friendship bridge”
    on the river Amu and passing through the river port of Hairatan.
    Completed in less than a year in late 2010, the cargo line has been a team effort. Built
    by Uzbeks, funded by the Asian Development bank and facilitated by Afghans.
    “Ninety people, including the deputy of railway of Uzbekistan, who’s now the governor
    of Arqaam, came here and we provided them a base and security. We also cleared the area
    from mines. If we weren’t working hard on this we could have lost this huge achievement.”
    For a land-locked country like Afghanistan, a blossoming economy depends heavily on import
    and export, which relies for the main part on huge convoys of trucks going in and out
    of the country. As well as huge delays at customs stations, these convoys are also vulnerable
    to attack. As the carriages are sealed at origin, the
    train doesn’t need to be checked by customs, making it much quicker. Haji Najeeb is also
    proud of the security his town has provided to their new technology.
    “Discipline and security like we have here, you won’t find in 364 districts of Afghanistan.
    At night people’s doors are open; our businessmen come and go by night or day without any anxiety.
    They load, unload and transfer their goods.” The train’s terminus is the historic city
    of Mazar-e-Sharif, the capital of the border province of Balkh, but ambitions for Afghanistan’s
    railways stretch much further. After three years of training, Uzbekistan
    will hand over control to the newly created Afghan Railyway Department to preside over
    plans to extend the railway lines west through Herat to Iran and east through gate of Torkham
    to Pakistan. And although the train is strictly cargo-only
    for now, there have been a few passengers already. “Recently the chief of railways in Uzbekistan
    visited and I personally went with him in train until Mazar airport. The construction
    work in one hundred per cent finished without any problems. It’s ready for use, so now we’re
    just waiting for the Afghan authorities to open it officially.” And perhaps it’s not too hard to imagine that
    this new transcontinental cargo silk road will one day connect Afghanistan beyond its
    neighbours and to the rest of the world. This is Ruth Owen, in Afghanistan, for the
    NATO Channel.

    Where The Himalayas Meet Hindukush & Karakoram & Indus with Gilgit River
    Articles, Blog

    Where The Himalayas Meet Hindukush & Karakoram & Indus with Gilgit River

    August 31, 2019


    The highway meets the Indus river at Thakot & continous along the road until Jaglot. Where the Gilgit river join the Indus river This is where the Three great mountain ranges meet the Hindukush, Himalaya and the Karakoram. The western end of the Himalaya mark 9th Highest peak in the World Nanga Parbat. can be seen from Highway.

    Wolfpack Wood Recycling:  From Crisis to Clean-up at the Oroville Dam (Morbark Owner)
    Articles, Blog

    Wolfpack Wood Recycling: From Crisis to Clean-up at the Oroville Dam (Morbark Owner)

    August 15, 2019


    My name is Tim Dempewolf and I own Wolfpack Wood Recycling I’m working on a site here in the
    foothills out of Oroville California. I’m under Syblon and Reid company and
    they’re working under Department of Water Resources. It was kind of a hurry up emergency to
    get people in here to get the trees out. They were worried at the time that if
    the water come over the spillway that it would wash all the trees down into the
    river and they didn’t want that to happen. When they said it was gonna come
    over the spillway the next morning it was … “Get my stuff out first!” It was a lot of people trying to move pretty quick, getting everybody out of harm’s way. Now it’s just trying to get everything in order to so they can start fixing the dam. At this point I started out clearing, like I said, under the emergency overflow. Then I went down and was chipping trees and brush where they were taken to make room to put stockpiles for the dirt they were taken out of the river. Now at this point I’m clearing under power lines that they had to move and reposition. I started my business in 2007. Most of the time I do subdivisions and orchard removals by myself, or my wife and I have. I have Buck and Hunter. They’re my little buddies. I’m trying to teach them how to run the grinder and excavator. My equipment — I’ve got a 320 CAT
    excavator and a Morbark 4600XL on tracks. I’ll be honest with you. I wouldn’t buy
    a grinder unless it was on tracks. A lot of the work that I do is on hills
    and steep ground. I purchased the Morbark equipment because they’ve always had a pretty good name, and I’ve had nothing but good luck with
    Morbark grinders. At one point when I started grinding I
    would get my wear parts from a different company because of pricing but now Morbark is getting their prices more comparable and their tips are getting better. At this point I think I am going to stick with Morbark parts. I was doing a project last summer out of Auburn California on a railroad job, and I hit some parts that come out of the
    railroad tracks. I’ve tore up some stuff hitting steel, but I never really have completely damaged the machine. When I hear the words “Morbark Strong” it means to me that you’re gonna have something that’s dependable and will hold up. It’s quite a project here. A few people, if I go into a restaurant or something they’ll see me dirty and ask me what I’m doing, I’ll tell them I’m working on the Oroville dam. They’re pretty appreciative of everyone doing their job up here.

    Brazil’s Geography Problem
    Articles, Blog

    Brazil’s Geography Problem

    August 14, 2019


    This video was made possible by Skillshare. Learn from 21,000 classes for free for two
    months at https://skl.sh/wendover3. There are plenty of lines you can draw on
    the globe but perhaps none is more consequential than the equator. Of the 15 wealthiest countries
    in the world as measured by GDP per capita, all are in the northern hemisphere. Only 800
    million of earth’s 7.6 billion residents live south of the equator. There is a clear
    divide between north and south but of those 800 million people a quarter of them, about
    207 million, live here in Brazil. The country is an exception to the global trend. Brazil
    is the fifth most populous country in the world and the most populous entirely within
    the southern hemisphere. Its economy has grown enormously and the country is quickly developing.
    Although, the very land it sits on stacks the odds against it. Its location gives it
    a disadvantage. Given this, the question is whether Brazil can develop into a world superpower
    by the likes of the US, Europe, Russia, India, and China or if the country is doomed to fail? Brazil, of course, looks like this but in
    reality almost 80% of the country’s population lives here—within 200 miles of the coast.
    You do see a concentration of population near the coast in any country as it provides a
    cheap and easy means of transportation by boats and a source of food through fishing
    but few countries have such a severe concentration of people by the oceans as Brazil. This small
    area, for example, is home to three of Brazil’s six largest cities. Normally this would help
    development as the area in between cities will urbanize but this map doesn’t tell
    the whole story—this one does. You see, this area of Brazil is rather mountainous.
    The major cities mostly exist in small pockets of low-altitude, flat land on the ocean. This
    is because major cities need easy water access to get goods in and out. The majority of Brazil’s
    coast is defined by steep, sheer cliffs. Petrópolis, for example, a suburb of Rio, is a mere 13
    miles from the ocean and yet it sits at almost 3,000 feet of altitude. The rare areas with
    low-altitude land on the water are where cities like Porte Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Recife
    are but this pattern has two consequences. First, these cities, while being on flat land
    themselves are surrounded by cliffs and mountainous regions which means their growth is limited.
    There are plenty of cities that exist in mountainous regions but the world’s largest and most
    influential cities like London and Delhi and Beijing all exist in areas with absolutely
    no geographical features limiting their growth. The fact that Brazil’s cities locate in
    rare low-altitude coastal land means that the country will likely never have a megalopolis
    by the likes of the Pearl River Delta or the US Northeast. It takes a surprising six hours
    to drive between Rio and Sao Paolo and since there’s no low-altitude coastal land in
    between them, there are really no major cities in between them too. Brazil’s cities are
    confined to the geographically convenient areas which are spread out from each other.
    This means the cities can’t collaborate easily with each other thereby limiting Brazil’s
    impact on the world stage. Like any large country, Brazil’s development
    potential is also linked to how it gets its food. This, in fact, might be Brazil’s greatest
    obstacle as it really doesn’t hav e much great farmland, at least yet. The country’s
    main agricultural region is its south which is blessed with great soil and great rivers
    that help transport crops away from their farms. Interestingly, the same elevation that
    leads to steep coastal cliffs causes rivers to run in a counterintuitive direction. The
    Tietê river, for example, starts near Sao Paolo a mere 10 miles away from the Atlantic
    ocean but then runs inland almost 500 miles where it flows into the Paraná River which
    eventually flows out into the ocean near Buenos Aires, Argentina. If a farmer wants to export
    their food abroad, it’s often cheaper to first ship it the thousands of miles by boat
    on these rivers than just hundreds of miles overland to Brazil’s coast due to their
    poor road infrastructure. This means that Argentina gets the business of packing up
    and shipping Brazil’s food to other countries. That’s just lost money for Brazil as a result
    of their geography. Brazil’s south, though, does not even have enough land to feed the
    country’s own 200 million residents. Given that, the question is where to put the rest
    of the farms. In Brazil’s north is the Amazon basin. The
    central feature of this region is, of course, the Amazon River which is navigable for boats.
    Normally this feature would lead to a significant population as navigable rivers serve as cheap
    and easy transport for crops and goods but the banks of the Amazon are a tough place
    to farm or live. Not only are they muddy and unstable which makes building difficult, but
    the Amazon also regularly floods which means that every year many of the communities on
    the banks of the Amazon can have their streets underwater for months. Building and living
    in the Amazonian cities is difficult, but what’s more difficult is building the roads
    in and out. The largest city in the Amazon, Manaus, is home to 2.6 million people, it’s
    as big as Baltimore, and yet there are only three roads connecting the city to the outside
    world. Many of the smaller towns around the Amazon have no roads going in and out as its
    just incredibly costly and difficult to build roads through the rainforest. In fact, rather
    unbelievably, there is not a single bridge spanning over the Amazon so there is no way
    to drive from the northernmost region of Brazil to the rest without taking a ferry. Overall,
    this whole area is just empty. Even if there was the infrastructure to transport crops
    to market, farming in the Amazon involves clearing huge amounts of land and even then,
    the soil is relatively infertile which leads to poor yields. Despite being Brazil’s largest
    state, Amazonas is home to just 1.8% of its population. It just costs too much to build
    the infrastructure needed to live there. To the south of the Amazon, though, is an
    area known as the Cerrado. This vast savanna used to be in the same category as the Amazon—it
    was empty. The problem was not only that there was no natural network of rivers to get crops
    out of the area but also that the soil was too acidic and lacking enough nutrients to
    easily grow large quantities of crops. Between both the Amazon and the Cerrado being off-limits
    for large-scale farming, that meant that Brazil really didn’t have much land at all for
    farming. 30 years ago, with only the south to farm, Brazil was actually a net importer
    of food—it bought more food from other countries than it sold. That was until researchers discovered
    that all you needed to do to fix the soil was add phosphorous and lime. The phosphorous
    served as a fertilizer in the place of natural nutrients and the lime worked to reduce the
    level of acidity. In the early 2000’s, the country spread more than 25 million tons of
    lime per year and so today the Cerrado accounts for 70% of Brazil’s farmland. In addition,
    Brazil has begun growing soybeans. This plant is normally grown in more temperate climates
    such as the US, northern China, or Japan, but through cross-breeding and genetic modification
    it can be modified to grow in warmer and acidic environments such as the Brazilian Cerrado.
    Thanks to the enormous amount of land Brazil has and these technological advancements the
    country has gone from producing 16% of the world’s soybean in 2005 to 31% today.
    A country’s level of development is often to linked to how good its natural transportation
    system is. That’s part of why the US developed so much so fast—it has a great system of
    navigable rivers right in its agricultural heartland that helps get goods from the fields
    to cities fast and inexpensively. The Brazilian Cerrado, though, does not have that. It doesn’t
    even have much of a preexisting network of roads since before this recent agricultural
    advancement barely anyone lived there. Therefore anyone who wants to farm in the Cerrado has
    to find land, level it, treat it with phosphate and lime, and build roads to get supplies
    in and crops out. Cerrado farms can be profitable but it takes an enormous amount of money to
    build the infrastructure needed to start a farm. It’s not like the US or France or
    China where all you need is some land. The consequence of this is that farms in Brazil
    tend to owned by corporations rather than individuals because only corporations have
    the money to build farms. That therefore increases the level of wealth disparity in Brazil. According
    to the World Bank’s Gini index, Brazil is the 11th most economically unequal country
    in the world. Lower wealth disparity and the emergence of a middle class are indicators
    of economic development so the country should want to fix this. Brazil’s government has
    recognized its infrastructure problem as a source of its wealth disparity and has therefore
    worked to build roads in the interior so that more individuals can run farms but the government
    only has so much money to spend and it’s a big country.
    Brazil does, though, understand the importance of its core. It understands that the coastal
    cities are constrained and that economic development will come from the center. It was partially
    for that reason that the country decided to move its capital from Rio de Janeiro to here—Brasília.
    The thinking was that putting the capital in the core would stimulate the economically
    underdeveloped region and, in many ways, it worked. The city simply did not exist before
    1960 yet today more than 4 million people live in its metropolitan area. Being located
    on relatively flat land unlike Rio, the city can just grow and grow and grow without hinderance.
    Brazil has potential, but its defining issue is that it’s an expensive place. It’s a
    vicious cycle. In order to make money, Brazil needs to invest in its infrastructure but
    without people making money it doesn’t have the tax money to build what it takes t o transition
    into the first world. The question of why tropical countries are less developed is an
    enormous one without a clear answer, but Brazil is one of the most likely candidates to break
    this trend. It certainly lags behind other developing countries like China, but as its
    agriculture industry develops it will become a bigger and bigger exporter which will bring
    more money in. With time, its average income will inch up. The country already does have
    major companies in other industries such as banking, manufacturing, and oil but with how
    big Brazil is, agriculture is the one that’s the world’s focus right now. Only France,
    Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States export more agricultural products per year
    which is good company to be in. Brazil may not have the explosive growth rate of some
    other less developed countries but by continuously taking what it earns and reinvesting it to
    open up more of the country to agricultural production it will continue its path to superpower
    status. One of the common questions I receive is how
    I started making these videos. The first step was learning the skills needed from writing
    to research to sound design and editing, but for each and every one of them there’s a
    course on Skillshare. Skillshare, you see, is an online learning community that has more
    than 21,000 classes on whatever you want to learn. The variety is astounding. You can
    learn skills to help you make videos, to show off at parties, or even to help you get a
    job. There are also some great courses taught by fellow YouTubers such as Mike Boyd and
    Kurzgesagt. What’s best about Skillshare is that you can try it all for free for two
    months exclusively by going to skl.sh/wendover3. Skillshare makes this show possible and its
    a great place to learn or improve your skills so please do check them out, once again, at
    skl.sh/wendover3. Thanks for watching and I’ll see you again in three weeks for another
    Wendover Productions video.

    CSX Historic Railroad Bridge
    Articles, Blog

    CSX Historic Railroad Bridge

    August 13, 2019


    That’s right ladies and gentlemen. This is a historic CSX railroad bridge in Miami, FL. It was built in 1926 by American Bridge Company and Yaskin Bridge company for the SAL which is also Seaboard Airline the Railroad back then which eventually became SCL and yeah Let me take you on this side of the bridge. That there is the Miami River. Here is the actual bridge. It says no trespassing so were going to obey those rules. and over there you can see the bridge tender’s house. Yeah, as you can see, it’s a pretty nice looking structure. This was used in the pilot episode of Miami Vice. In 1984 I remember This is also facing North This is facing South. Ok guys, let me give you one good look here. As I’m heading out. Ok guys, remember to please subscribe, like, or share this video and thank you very much for viewing. Bye bye.