Browsing Tag: railway

    電車 西武 東村山第7号 踏切動画 japan train railroad crossing
    Articles, Blog

    電車 西武 東村山第7号 踏切動画 japan train railroad crossing

    August 15, 2019

    This is the Higashi-Murayama No. 7 railroad crossing in the Ikebukuro Line and Shinjuku Line of Seibu Railway.
    This signal is located on the south side Tokorozawa Station. Tokyu Corporation 5050-4000 series. Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 10000 series Limited Express (NRA New Red Arrow). Limited Express-type train. Seibu Railway 2000 series (Yellow Train). Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 30000 series (Smile Train). Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 30000 series (Smile Train). Commuter-type train.
    Seibu Ikebukuro line opening 100 anniversary. 30101F Seibu Railway 20000 series. Commuter-type train. Tokyo Metro 10000 series. Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 9000 series RED LUCKY TRAIN. Commuter-type train.
    Red and white. It is a good luck in Japan. Seibu Railway 2000 series (Yellow Train). Commuter-type train. Please use the Google map of the shooting point. Link to the text field. Seibu Railway 6000 series. Commuter-type train.
    Yellow 6000 series train. No fires. Seibu Railway 30000 series (Smile Train). Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 6000 series. Commuter-type train. Earth. Fire protection water tank? Old symbol of Seibu Railway. Seibu Railway 10000 series Limited Express (NRA New Red Arrow). Limited Express-type train. Seibu Railway 30000 series (Smile Train). Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 6000 series. Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 6000 series. Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 2000 series (Yellow Train). Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 6000 series. Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 2000 series (Yellow Train). Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 2000 series (Yellow Train). Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 30000 series (Smile Train). Commuter-type train. Seibu Railway 30000 series (Smile Train). Commuter-type train.

    Will Cat 5 Cable Handle Your Model Railroad Components
    Articles, Blog

    Will Cat 5 Cable Handle Your Model Railroad Components

    August 15, 2019

    in a previous video I showed you how to
    make a wiring harness for your tortoise which with this connector here and this
    terminal block right here and in that video I talked about using a cat5 cable
    to run that back to your control panel so that’s what we’re gonna do today I’m
    going to show you how to use a rj45 wall jack on there so you could run your cat5
    cable back to your control panel to operate your tortoise switch machines or
    even your cobalt switch machines if you want to do it that way you can also hook
    up a cat5 cable to any other thing so let’s get going with that right now i’m
    Tom Kvichak and this is Toms Trains and Things this channel was created to
    help other modelers who are in need of guidance in pursuing their dream of
    building a model railroad we’re going to talk about some cat 5 cable today we’re
    gonna hook it up on our harness right here what I use before on my project was
    4 twisted pairs telephone station wire we could use cat 5 cable also on this
    because it’s eight conductor it just has different wire colors on there now my
    old station wire has all solid colors on there on the cat 5 cable you have a
    solid color and a white with a tracer of that color so we’ll show you how to hook
    up the connectors and we’ll test it and we’ll do it on a short piece of cat 5
    cable and we’ll do it on a 25-foot or longer piece of cat 5 cable to see if we
    have any voltage drop or performance issues on the longer cable since I’m
    using two different types of cables on there on my the cable that I’m normally
    using is solid colors so I have white yellow green red orange brown blue and
    black going from pins one through eight and up here this is the configuration of rj45 so the pinout
    on here is 5 4 3 6 on one side and 1 2 7 8 on the other side so what I’m gonna do
    is put the white yellow blue black orange red green and brown on it like
    that so it’s a good idea to make up a little chart for you this is how the
    wires are going to go so I’ll just place this right here like that and we’re just
    going to drop these wires in here I’m just gonna push them in like this
    and then I have a little tool that I could push them down a little bit
    further so this is orange on this side red green and brown so now that we got them
    in there most of the times when you get this you’re going to come and get a tool
    like this and what you do is you just push each one of these down like that
    okay and then I’ll put this up here and where you can see it a little bit closer
    you take this and put this in the slot and just push this down on the wire so
    the wire goes go all the way down in the slot and there’s blades in there that
    makes contact and strips the insulation and makes contact with the wire just
    like that and then what you do now is just take your diagonal pliers and just
    snip off the excess and what I’m gonna do is just go again and just push it
    down in there just to make sure one whole eight wires and now all we have to
    do is work on the other side put the weight in there and make sure you got
    wires long enough and we got them and what I’ll do is just
    measure these the yellow goes over here and I’ll do the rest of these off-camera
    so you don’t have to watch me stripping and doing this to all the wires on here
    all right there’s the finished product right there I got all the wires in there
    on my terminal strip now if I didn’t have this terminal strip already I would
    have just taken this wall connector and connected it right to here but since I’m
    going to be testing it and I’m going to be putting the meter on here that’s why
    I still have it on the strip I stripped both ends of the wire I took about ang
    and a half to two inches so you could see that they are four twisted pairs you
    get two blue two brown orange and a green and on this side over here I
    separated them now you’re always going to have the brown and the white and
    brown on the one end and then the blue and the blue the white and blue in the
    center now there’s two different types of connector connections there’s a 568a
    and a 568b and the ones all the ones that I’ve seen
    use the B color code so what I’m going to do here I’m going to cut off all but
    about a half an inch and then try to straighten these out a little bit and
    put it on this connector here and when you put it on the connector you’re using
    this side here where you see all the pins on it not the part where the clip
    is you want to put it on like this what I do on here is I cut them down to about
    a half an inch and try to get them as straight as possible now I’m not going
    to remove my thumb here because that’ll get them out of order so turn this
    around and it should fit in right there and
    what I do before I crimp it I go and I make sure so I should have orange tracer
    orange green tracer blue blue tracer green Brown tracer in brown okay so now
    I got all of them in the correct place and you can see on the crimping tool
    this is four six conductor and that one’s for eight conductor so you see
    this side right here it’s worth you crimp down on and you could see the
    little teeth that come up and press it down on the pins in there so you got it
    inserted and you squeeze it clicks and you release it so there’s the other one
    and I’ll do the the other side of it all right and I have the same thing on the
    opposite side just to double-check it all the wires in place and flat and I
    straighten them out as much as possible and stick it up in there as far as it’ll
    go stick the cable in there make sure it’s
    in push on the cable and squeeze down on it
    okay and trying to get the little clip on there so we have us a long cable I’m
    not sure how long this is but I’ll measure it and we’ll use this for
    testing a long distance on the layout to see if we have any problems with the
    switch machines functioning I want to give you an example of the differences
    in these connectors this one the pin you know the way that you
    push your PIN your wires in to that for the pins this one is arranged to one
    three five and this one is one two three six so you have to pay close attention
    to what you’re doing when you’re doing that even though these are probably the
    same manufacturer they changed the position of the wires
    in the back where you push them in I’m going to take a really old patch cable
    and this one’s about a estimate this about five five foot long no good so I’m
    just going to clip the ends off of it and use this for my wall socket here I
    have the other one made up I didn’t cut the last four off of it they come in a
    strip of twelve so I have four extra ones on there but I’m just going to go
    down the line to make sure that we have a good connection I have a new connector
    here a new connector here this is a patch cable that I got okay here’s the
    cable that I just made up that’s plugged in here and on that terminal board right
    here so we’re just going to go down the line and check for continuity and what
    I’ll do is I’ll put on audible one there we go first one second one three four
    oops five six seven and eight now if you’re going to be making up cables it
    would be a good idea to put make up a test piece like this with terminal
    strips on each side so all you have to do is the cables that you’re making up
    that you could test them on there to make sure that your wiring is good on
    there now we could test out the switch
    machines we’re going to test this out I have it hooked up to 12 volts I have my
    terminal strip right here I have this is approximately a six foot cable right
    here and we’re going to test it out first with just to make sure that the
    switch machine works okay now what I’m going to do is I’m going to put the
    longer cable on there that I just made up now I have it hooked up to this cable
    right here now that’s a lot of resistor resistance going through 24 gauge wire
    so let’s see how this functions and it still looks pretty good so what I’m
    going to do is I’m going to put the meter on over here eleven point eight
    six now let me put it over here on here through twenty five or 230 foot eleven
    point eight three so we lost about three hundredths of a volt on there okay then
    switch this over and it’s just going to change to a minus eleven point eight
    three and you could see while its operating it went back up to eleven
    point eight six and drop down to eleven eleven point eight to here now let’s see
    it what it does close up now this is right at the power source right behind
    the switch so we’re starting out at eleven point eight six and we’ll see
    what happens when we operate so it goes up about
    one one-hundredth to 11.8 seven but that is pretty good we didn’t we didn’t lose
    that much voltage so I’m satisfied with that if you like what you see here and
    you are learning from the videos that I produce here go ahead on over to my
    patreon page where you can pledge as little as one dollar so you can help out
    in my efforts to produce more videos to teach you about beginning your model
    railroad so thank you very much well I’m totally satisfied with the results of
    this test today using the cat 5 cable the cable that I made up if we could
    just get a manufacturer to make a breakout board where we could put one of
    these connectors on here and have a wall jack on the other side that would be
    wonderful that way all we’d have to do is plug it
    in and plug a cat5 cable in there that we make and run it to our control panel
    and that’s what I am going to do on my layout because this test that I did was
    successful that’s the main reason that I wanted to see if we would have any
    problem with the tortoise which machine running it through a long length of cat
    5 cable the cobalt classic Omega now what did they do they added another pin
    on it for your signaling so that has nine pins on it now a cat5 cable only
    has eight so you wouldn’t be able to do it on this version of the cobalt classic
    Omega on the original one you would because there’s eight pins on there that
    as far as this one here you wouldn’t be able to use pin number three which they
    have as a signaling pin so there you go from the test and a little demonstration
    and I did today making up the cat 5 cables and the other end with the wall
    socket on there I hope you really learn something on it I did and I am satisfied
    with the test that I did today on there Oh about a month or two ago they started
    the Amazon influencer they opened it up to a lot of more creators and I applied
    for it and they turned me down then but I just got an email a couple of days ago
    that I was accepted into the Amazon influencer program so I will have my own
    page of items that I can sell on there from Amazon and I also applied for
    Amazon merge where they could make t-shirts that I design look for that in
    the future in the near future by the end of this week I should know about the
    page where I’m selling merchandise and a little bit later on about my own
    merchandise my own t-shirts so We’ll see Ya

    One of Sweden’s finest and largest and most famous model railroad in HO scale
    Articles, Blog

    One of Sweden’s finest and largest and most famous model railroad in HO scale

    August 15, 2019

    [ Pilentum Television ] [ Music ] In summer 2019,
    Pilentum Television, was invited by one of the biggest
    model railway clubs in Sweden to produce a
    video documentary about Sweden’s finest and largest
    model railroad layout. Anyway, if you’re asking
    Swedish model railroaders and railway enthusiast,
    where to find the largest permanent model railway exhibition in
    Sweden, they will probably answer, this is the
    “Modelljärnväg Hässleholm”. By the way, the Swedish word
    “modelljärnväg” means “model railway” in British English and “model
    railroad” in American English. In this video, Pilentum Television
    presents the “Modelljärnväg Hässleholm”, really one of the largest model railroad
    layouts built in HO scale in Sweden. Right at the beginning of the video,
    we have seen a total view of the layout. As you have seen in this camera angle,
    this section of the model railroad inside the large exhibition hall
    occupies approximately 25 x 8 meters. Actually, this Swedish miniature world
    covers more than 700 square meters. Now, while watching the model trains, we
    have to learn some geography and history. On the contrary to many other
    model railway layouts, which are presented all over the world,
    this Swedish HO scale layout is a historically correct scale model of
    Hässleholm’s railway station, its locomotive shed and its buildings
    as they were in the late 1960’s. Hässleholm is a small city in Sweden
    with nearly 20,000 inhabitants. The town is about 100 kilometers away
    from Malmö, in the south of Sweden. The city of Hässleholm was developed
    from 1860 in connection with the construction of the railway
    line between Stockholm and Malmö. At that time, before the arrival of the railway,
    the city of Hässleholm did not exist. It was the railway traffic that
    made the city of Hässleholm famous. Therefore, Hässleholm gained
    the city title in 1914, and was then classified as one
    of Sweden’s smallest cities. During the 20th century
    Hässleholm developed into a large railway junction
    because it was a crossing of all the Swedish railway
    lines that ran from the north to the south and
    from the east to the west. Even today, Hässleholm is still an
    important railway junction in the network of the Swedish State Railways,
    also known as “Statens Järnvägar”. [ Music ] However, the railway history of Sweden is
    closely linked to the city of Hässleholm. That was the reason why Hässleholm’s
    model railway association, which was founded in 2004, decided to build a model
    railroad layout of the whole region. They started the construction in 2004. At first, only one segment was
    built, the railway station and the marshalling
    yard of Hässleholm. Very soon a Swedish miniature world with
    a size of 250 square meters was created. In 2008, Hässleholm’s model
    railway association had no more space to expand
    the model railway layout. Therefore, another room was rented to
    enlarge the Swedish miniature world. In the larger room, the railway stations
    of Tyringe and Sösdala were historically correct reconstructed in HO scale and
    integrated into the existing layout. In 2013, the Swedish
    Army leaves its location in Hässleholm,
    so Hässleholm’s model railway association was able to
    move into the old military buildings at the so-called
    “Garrison Hässleholm”. In 2014, the old railway modules and
    railroad sections of Hässleholm, Tyringe and Sösdala were dismantled in the old
    clubrooms and rebuilt at the new location. Since 2014, the Swedish miniature
    world has been growing continuously and is to be expanded extensively
    over the next few years. Until today, the HO scale layout
    was taking around 100,000 man hours. [ Music ] Actually, the layout
    occupies more than 700 square meters and consists of 1,600
    meters of track, 400 points (switches) and more than 600
    electrical blocks including block occupancy detection
    decoders and a signal system. When building this miniature world a
    lot of emphasis was put on reality. Many historical buildings,
    which no longer exist today, were reconstructed as
    they looked in the 1960’s. The track fields and the position of the
    rails were laid exactly on the model railway layout according to plans and drawings
    of the Swedish traffic administration. Hässleholm’s model railway association
    wants to expand the landscape even further. This means that all 17 sites in the
    municipality of Hässleholm, which had a railway station in the 1960’s, will be
    on the HO scale layout in the future. Because the “Modelljärnväg
    Hässleholm” presents Sweden’s railways in the
    1960’s, we cannot expect the famous high-speed
    trains, called “X 2000” or “X2”,
    which are used in Sweden today. There are no tilting trains
    and no high-speed trains. There are freight trains,
    local passenger trains and the famous Y6,
    Y7 and Y8 series of diesel railcars. These motor cars were used
    throughout the unelectrified Swedish rail network during
    the 1950’s to the 1980’s. On the layout, there are also the
    X5, X8 and X15 series of electric multiple units operated by “Statens
    Järnvägar” as express trains. These trains are painted in
    the typical orange color. Also the X9 series of four-car
    electric multiple units, once operated by the Swedish
    State Railways, also known as “Statens Järnvägar”,
    which were in service until the late 1990’s,
    are presented on the HO scale layout. By the way, that sharp
    reddish orange color gave the trains the nickname “Paprika
    Trains” (“Pepper Trains”). The rolling stock of this Swedish miniature
    world also consists of the famous “SJ Class Ra”, also known as “Rapid”, an electric
    locomotive operated by Swedish State Railways. Those electric locomotives were used on express trains and were mainly taken out of service in the late 1980’s. [ Music ] I don’t want to tell you for
    hours which trains or which places are presented on
    “Hässleholms Modelljärnväg”. Finally, it is the philosophy
    of Pilentum Television’s videos that they are mostly
    uncommented documentaries containing only the original
    sounds of locomotives and trains while running
    on railway sleepers. Therefore, I would like to provide you
    with some technical information in brief. The size of the whole layout makes it
    necessary to use a digital control system. So Hässleholm’s model
    railway association is using the software
    “Train Controller Gold”. Control of train sets, occupancy
    detectors and locomotive decoders are based on the digital model train
    control system, also known as DCC. The layout is built on two-rail DCC tracks. Please, enjoy this video! Don’t forget to visit this
    layout, called “Modelljärnväg Hässleholm”, when you are going
    to make a journey to Sweden. [ Music ] [ Music ] [ Music ] [ Music ]

    How Steam Trains Work | Talking Locomotive | Children | Lots & Lots of Trains
    Articles, Blog

    How Steam Trains Work | Talking Locomotive | Children | Lots & Lots of Trains

    August 15, 2019

    I’ll bet you’re wondering just what makes
    me tick. How does a steam locomotive work? Let me show you…
    Behind this steam engine is the tender, which holds the coal and water needed for the engine.
    There are two people in the cab of the engine: the engineer and the fireman. While engineer
    makes sure everything is running right, the fireman shovels coal into the firebox in the
    back of the locomotive. The smoke from the burning coal goes out the smokestack and the
    heat from the coal boils water in a big tank in the engine called the boiler. Just like
    a tea kettle. And what comes out of a tea kettle when it gets hot? Steam, that’s right.
    The steam builds up pressure, just like air in a balloon. That pressure pushes a piston
    at the front of the engine. And that piston is connected to number of rods. These rods
    are connected to the driving wheels. The steam pushes the piston, the piston pushes the rods,
    the rods push the driving wheels and, what do you know? The engine moves forward.
    Through the night to the early sunrise Travelling along on those railroad ties
    Thru the hills and the western skies I see lots and lots of big trains
    Through the tunnels by the ocean shore Listen to those diesel engines roar
    From Birmingham to Baltimore I see Lots and Lots of Big Trains
    Lots and Lots of big trains Big Trains
    Coming round the bend and headed down the track
    Lots and Lots of big trains Big Trains
    Coming round the bend and headed down the track
    I love to listen to the sound of that clickety clack
    See the sights and hear the sounds By the cities and through the towns
    From the morning sunrise til the sun goes down
    I see Lots and lots of big trains Day or night rain or shine
    Passing by the houses and the railway signs Over the mountains and through the pines
    I see Lots and lots of big trains Coming round the bend and headed down the
    track Lots and Lots of big trains
    Big Trains Coming round the bend and headed down the
    track I love to listen to the sound of that clickety
    clack Lots and Lots of big trains
    Big Trains Coming round the bend and headed down the
    track Lots and Lots of big trains
    Big Trains Coming round the bend and headed down the
    track I love to listen to the sound of that clickety
    clack And the smell of the smoke coming out the
    stack I’m going to get on board and I’m not coming

    Railroad Crossing Gates Removed Before Hurricane Irma
    Articles, Blog

    Railroad Crossing Gates Removed Before Hurricane Irma

    August 14, 2019

    Hello ladies and gentlemen today is the
    Friday before hurricane Irma strikes and I wanted to show you guys uh some
    preparations that the FEC took here on northeast 17th court on milepost
    338.8 in Wilton Manors. They decided to bring them the crossing gates that are in
    danger of flying with the tropical storm or hurricane force winds so let me go
    ahead and show you the first one here As you can see, they left it in the down position got a progress Signal base WC Hayes gate
    mechanism right WC Hayes lights all around And may I add that those are not LED lights I like those So yeah we got WC Hayes lights all around 2 tracks and there we see the emergency contact info see FEC Railway so this would be track view South and then that would be where they left the crossing gate they used tie-wraps Here we got the pedestrian crossing I guess they figuered that this they might be LED lights I’m sorry
    take that back pedestrian crosing gate so since its small its it not gonna pose
    as much as dangerous that one would so they left decided to leave this one on
    this is a WC Hayes signal base here WC Hayes gate mechanism and we got
    WC Hayes lights all around also those are my favorite visors by the way we got an
    e bell up top you built up over there too so as soon as this car passes I’m
    gonna go ahead and show you This is the North side of the crossing see the signal there so here we see that
    this one was removed and here we have a progress signal base as well
    WC Hayes arm WC Hayes gate mechanism WC Hayes lights all around the top emergency
    contact info two tracks and then here we have track view North here we have
    crossing gate was put temporarily for the duration of a
    hurricane Irma you know where we got the relay case and I think this might be the
    control point Wilton Manors on the FEC line I think this is might be the work
    that they’re doing a double track for the bright line and then here we have
    another WC Hayes signal base WC Hayes arm WC Hayes gate mechanism and WC Hayes
    lights all around as well up top and we have a WC Hayes mechanical Bell look at
    that! beautiful, beautiful, beautiful alright guys let me introduce you guys to one of my most favorite, I was going to say
    people on the planet boy to me he’s like a person it’s my dog Happy, Happy say
    hello to the camera My boy Happy Alright guys Give you a shot of the crossing again see the trees? That’s the very outer bands of Hurricane Irma which is 450 something Miles from South Florida
    alrighty guys please subscribe or like thank you very much for viewing, please follow me on instagram railrol82 over and out

    Why Abandoned Railroads Still Matter 🛤
    Articles, Blog

    Why Abandoned Railroads Still Matter 🛤

    August 14, 2019

    Hey everybody thanks for tuning in! Today I want to zoom out a little bit so to speak and talk about the much larger and broader idea that led me to propose a hydrogen-powered streetcar in Long Beach. Ever since I was a toddler, every time my family would drive by some abandoned railroad tracks, I would crane my neck and try and get a good look. Where did the train used to go? Why did it fall into disuse? Would it benefit the public if it was brought back to life? Once I was old enough to go exploring on my own, I would follow overgrown railroad tracks for hours trying to imagine where they used to go and how long ago they stopped being used. This fascination, this obsession with lost railroads has stuck with me to this day, but new reasons for it have developed as I’ve learned more about the history of passenger rail in the United States and as of late becoming increasingly excited about the possibilities that exist for such rail in the future cities like Long Beach. Long Beach like most other Southern Californian cities, was built around passenger rail lines financed and built by real estate tycoons such as Henry Huntington. But… Voiceover: For the tremendous development and progress of this amazing area coupled with its usually pleasant climate is but a never-ending stream of population pouring into Los Angeles and the surrounding communities, mass production of modern houses with liberal financing arrangements enabled many thousands of young Americans to own their own homes for the first time! Near the lake there now arose a city, built by subdividers who had planned it, planned it as no other American city had been planned since L’Enfant laid out the District of Columbia 170 years ago. Me: We lost those very arteries connecting different neighborhoods with one other in the years of the postwar building boom, the time when middle-class GIs returning home from the war purchased cars and homes in the suburbs of our cities, creating urban sprawl while an excessive reliance on the private automobile began to characterize urban and suburban life throughout the country. Voiceover: Congress responded with the federal aid Highway Act of 1956 providing the staggering sum of $51,000,000,000 to be spent by the states on highway construction by 1971. The most talked-about phase of the act is the interstate highway system, a 41,000 mile network of our most important roads. Most of these roads will be four, six even eight-lane expressways constructed for through traffic. They will take the over-the-road driver from city to city, coast-to-coast at highways speeds, even through large population centers. Me: Both politicians and the public came to yield the automobile as a silver bullet for the transportation needs of Americans, leading to alternative forms of transit being underfunded and largely neglected in infrastructure spending all throughout the 1960s, 70s and through to the present-day. Even now federal transit funding for government owned passenger railroad Amtrak is outweighed by federal highway spending more than 50 to 1. Part of this is a consequence of the freeway system’s massive expansion in the postwar years to a road network of over 4 million miles, all of which must now be constantly repaired and maintained. While roads are generally less expensive to build than railroads, they cost far more to maintain per mile than railroad tracks, and with the exception of a small fraction of highways that require a toll be paid in order to use the road, generate no revenue. Railroads on the other hand, while often at least partially subsidized with tax dollars, those subsidies are actually generally offset by ticket sale revenue, ultimately saving the taxpayer money over highways. Build trains spend more now, pay less later. Build roads and save money now, pay MORE money later, it’s that simple. With the decline of the private railroad industry in the 1970’s cumulating with the bankruptcy of the Penn Central Railroad and numerous other privately owned railroad throughout the country, many lines that had been required to provide passenger service by law were abandoned when their respective railroads went bankrupt due to a combination of poor management, excessive tax burdes and the rise of the automobile. And these abandoned, mostly disused or otherwise maligned relics of pre WWII America are everywhere. Depending on how long ago a line was abandoned, and the subsequent decisions made once under public ownership, abandoned lines like this can be more or less visible. The tracks may be present, rusting away in neglect, or they may have been removed entirely leaving only an intact strip of undeveloped or partially developed land. Many of the landscaped medians often found in the roads of Long Beach and throughout Southern California, little useless parks that look nice but nobody walks their dog in due to their strange sizes and locations, were actually once rail lines. This is true for the medians of 2nd Street in both Belmont Shore and Naples Island. Some were simply paved over in their entirety and turned into roads for cars, such as the lower eastbound lanes of Livingston Avenue. Whether or not the tracks remain following abandonment generally depends on how wealthy an area is. Poorer areas tend to retain the rails themselves, while richer neighborhoods often remove them and landscape the old routes, but they remain at least for now so quite clear to see with the benefit of some historical knowledge and a bird’s-eye view. So, you might be wondering what that bigger picture is that I brought up in the beginning of this video, while others might have already guessed what I’m getting at here. Those old lines? We should use them for transit! Right? Despite the total loss of the actual railroad infrastructure in some cases, these strips of disused right-of-way which litter the American cityscape are usually at least partly publicly-owned, and therefore would be a bargain to bring back to life saving the taxpayers hundreds of millions or even billions of dollars over the cost of building a line between the exact same two points only a few hundred feet away from the existing line. There is no more prohibitive cost in developing a new transit line than real estate. And we can actually do something with this knowledge and develop these as light rail transit lines NOW, before the rights-of-way are sold off and subdivided saving ourselves billions over the costs of developing similar lines a few decades down the road. Does anybody really think people are going to stop moving to sunny, nearly winterless Southern California anytime soon? I didn’t think so. I know I’m not going anywhere. So we have to be ready to welcome our new neighbors from the cold northern states of the U.S. and throughout the world, and we’re not gonna be able to do that without developing an expansive world-class light rail transit network, otherwise nobody not even those of us who want to will be able to practically own and drive a vehicle around here once the population density reaches its inevitable breaking point. So, building a reliable fast and comfortable light rail alternative to total automobile dependence is going to be an inevitability as population density soars throughout Los Angeles, Long Beach, Orange County and all throughout Southern California, but it is only going to be cheap if we do it now, before things get out of hand. We can avoid the problems now being confronted in densely settled areas like West Hollywood, where residents are only now finally going to get a subway extension paid for with several billion dollars in funding from Measure M. Unlike West Hollywood, though, we here in Long Beach and the surrounding communities actually still have a few intact light rail corridors that have not yet been divided piecemeal for housing. If we were to turn only a few of these into regional light rail lines, our transit map could quite swiftly go from looking like this, to looking like this, then this, then perhaps this and beyond. A lot more if you might consider using mass transit than do now if it could get you right to your destination is a similar amount of time as driving, would you not? What if could get you there in less time? Some of you might now be thinking “what’s wrong with our bus system?” and the answer to that question? Nothing! There’s nothing wrong with the public buses operated by Metro, Long Beach Transit, Torrance Transit, OCTA and other municipal agencies in the area. In fact, they’re great! Our local bus systems are clean, safe, super affordable and on-time more often than not, although not quite as often as Metro rail, but they cannot be the entire picture of mass transit in Southern California or even in Long Beach simply because they take so, so much longer than driving. Time is money, man. Buses work best for short hops to destinations that are a bit further than you would want to walk or bike from a train station, but the further you travel on a bus the more one will find that the overall speed of the journey becomes hampered by the compounding factors of frequent stopping picking up and waiting for passengers to pay the fare, and the fundamental vulnerability of buses to be delayed by the same traffic congestion as suffered by private motorists, only exacerbated by the enormous size and lack of maneuverability of a bus. As a result, and you can check this on your phone yourself if you think I’m exaggerating, interurban bus journeys during peak hours often take more than three times as long as driving between the same two locations in a car. But the best approach to these fundamental shortcomings of bus transit is to use buses properly within a larger framework public transportation infrastructure. Buses on shared city streets simply don’t work well for interurban journeys and buses work better when they’re used only for that last stretch of travel from the train station to your destination. Public transit works the best when these networks are developed with a strong efficient and fast arterial foundation of a solid rail network is complemented with reliable bus service from the train station to anywhere the train can’t go due to either a lack of demand and density in the service area, or simply geographic obstacles that have not yet been overcome. That’s all for now! Thanks again for tuning in and please do like and subscribe to my channel for more videos like this one! Do you hate driving on the 405 as much as I do? Join me next time as we explore the possibility of developing direct rail service for a massive bargain between downtown Long Beach and Lomita, Torrance and perhaps even Los Angeles International Airport by using the existing disused rail line already bought and paid for by the county.

    Turnout Or Switch – Gauge Or Scale – Model Railroading For Beginners Ep017
    Articles, Blog

    Turnout Or Switch – Gauge Or Scale – Model Railroading For Beginners Ep017

    August 14, 2019

    we’ve talked a lot about different items
    in Model Railroading For Beginners but the one thing that I’d haven’t done so
    far is terminology terminology in a railroad terminology and model
    railroading today I’m going to talk about the difference between gauge and
    scale the difference between turnout and switch and a few more things so let’s
    get started with it right now I’m Tom Kvichak and this is Toms
    Trains and Things this channel was created to help other modelers who are
    in need of guidance in pursuing their dream of building a model railroad and
    when we’re building that model railroad we need to know the proper terminology
    of what we’re talking about and what we’re using and that’s what we’re going
    to discuss today some people call HO gauge some people call HO
    scale some people call the turnouts turnouts and some people call them
    switches now there is a legitimate reason for every one of those and we’re
    gonna discuss those and we’re going to go over a little bit of a history of
    history of railroads and what the gauge is where that came from let’s start this
    off by talking about the difference between scale and gauge scale is the
    proportion of real size to the size of the model railroad that we’re using say
    like 1:48th 1:87th 1:160 for O HO and N scale now gauge is the distance
    between the rail now what we use today is four foot eight and a half inches but
    it wasn’t always like that it started out at a larger scale of five foot scale
    now back in 1825 George Stevenson was a civil engineer and a mechanical engineer
    with and him and his son created the first passenger railroad that was called
    Stockton and Darlington Railroad now he used four foot eight and a half inches
    as this the gauge between the rails now this was in England in 1825 this is long
    before in the United States that they used that dimension for the rail back in
    1886 the Pennsylvania Railroad used 4 foot 9 inches and the Southern Railways
    used 5 foot and I think it was in May of May the end of May in 1886 they just the
    the Southern Railways decided to move their rail
    in three inches so it would be closer to what the the northern railroads were
    they did this in 36 hours and what they did was they took the inside spike of
    the Western rail and moved it in three inches and did that all the way up and
    then over a 36 hour period moved the rail over that three inches
    although all through the rails in the Southern Railway so that became four
    foot nine inch and then later on it came down to four foot eight and a half
    inches and that’s where we are today where did that four foot eight and a
    half inches come from there was a program on PBS a long time ago
    that discussed this same question of how we got the gauge for the railroad and it
    goes back all the way to the Roman chariots and that they found when they
    when they dug up I think it was in Pompeii they measured the ruts and from
    Center to Center and it came out to four foot eight and a half inches of four
    foot nine inches now they did this big old long story about that that you know
    it came from there and it you know just through the years it just came and and
    everything that was built was built with those dimensions on there and what they
    said was that the horses were more accustomed to that distance that
    measurement for the wheels if it was any skinnier or any wider it would pose a
    problem with that also in in 1870 Matthias NACE Forney was a editor for
    the Railroad Journal and he had a discussion with a lot of the engineers
    for the railroads and this is when they were it doing the narrow gauge at the
    time and it was discussed and he published this that you know that these
    engineers said that five foot was a better gauge because the four foot eight
    and a half inches was sub-optimal but that never took on you know since
    everything was already four foot eight and a half
    inches it just stayed that way and if you ever out in Colorado Denver Colorado
    there’s a Forney Transportation Museum there that you would that I suggest you
    go see we went there about four years ago and it has everything in
    transportation as far as bicycles motorcycles carriages automobiles
    locomotives and other rolling stock from the railroads so if you’re ever in
    Denver go take a look at it I’ll put a link to their web page down here now if
    you want to refer to a chose scale that is the proper way of doing it it’s not a
    choke gauge now like I told you gauges the distance between the tracks and a
    lot of model railroaders use that term a choke gauge you know that’s fine that’s
    the way they want to do it but you know so gauge is actually the distance
    between the tracks now if you got 25 model railroaders I said this before
    you’re gonna have 25 different answers so however you do it is fine but you
    know I just wanted to let you know that scale is the proportion of real life to
    whatever size that you’re using and gauges at a distance between the tracks
    now let’s move on to turnouts and switches now a turnout is what the
    engineers refer to on the railroad now model railroaders also refer to the same
    item turn out as a switch now I’m not going to say that they’re wrong that’s
    the way that they say it that’s the way they refer to it and also there’s a
    single slip switch and a double slip switch which is also a turnout so you
    know even when you’re referring to the turnouts like a conventional turnout why
    turn out a 3-way turnout at a double crossover double double slip switch and
    double or a single slip switch you see the difference in there some of them are
    called switches and some of them are called turnouts but the actual
    nomenclature for the device is a turnout and the switch is a section of the turn
    which I’m gonna show you on some pictures over here in a few minutes now
    there are parts of the turnout that I’m going to show you on the computer here
    and we’re going to go over that and also on the code for the rail now there’s
    different codes on different scales I’m gonna and basically I’m just going to
    talk about n scale and a chose scale now in a Cho scale you have seventy eighty
    three and a hundred now most of the manufacturer tracks like from the Atlas
    tracks the Bachmann easy track those are all code 100 now when you get into the
    Flex track you can get code 83 and you can get code 70 now an N scale it’s a
    little bit smaller and it goes down to code 55 now I’m not sure if the the
    larger one is 70 I have a couple of pieces of flex track now as far as the
    numbers on the turnout the turnout number is referring to the distance a
    ratio of the distance of the straight track and the curve so like one in four
    and I’ll show you a picture of it and explain that a little bit further now
    you may be wondering why am I even bothering to go through this well you
    know I didn’t realize it that you know since most of us are familiar with a lot
    of things in model railroading and you know we’ve done it since we were a kid
    and you know we’ve gone back to it or we’re starting out we already been
    reading up on it but there are model railroaders who are
    starting from scratch and what brought my attention to this is a couple of
    viewers we’re asking what watching them some of my videos and they’re saying
    what’s this what’s that I you know and I was doing the video on an NMRA gauge
    and he says what’s that used for and you know as far as the turnout what’s the
    number on a turnout because they had no idea because they never heard it before
    so this is basically the reason that I’m going over the terminology and I’m gonna
    continue with a few more videos after this one to expand on some of the
    discussions now I’m going to show you the a no more a gauge but I’m going to
    do another video on the NMR Gate showing you what all the different
    items on that gauge is now as far as the turnout goes I’m going to show you the
    parts of the turnout and I’m going to show you the relationship of the numbers
    on the turnout now if you have a number for turnout and a number eight turnout a
    number eight turnout is a skinnier turnout and a number for turn-up is a
    little bit steeper and I’ll show you why that is here I have a series of why
    turnouts this is a number two and these two are a number four now you can see
    the difference these are different manufacturers and even though both of
    them are number fours you can see that from the thrown rod all the way up to
    the Frog it’s a little bit different and the angle is a little bit different so
    nothing is quite precise between the manufacturers so whenever you’re working
    on something you have to really check to see what the angles really are this is a
    picot insulated frog this is an Atlas electric electro frog I’m not sure
    exactly what their terminal terminology is the Atlas is a number four and the
    picot is a number five this isn’t it this one’s an Atlas and this one’s a
    picot and I’ll put these together like this and number four and the number five
    this one’s an Atlas but I think this is code 100 I’m gonna put these three
    together right here and you can see I have three different numbered curves
    this one’s a picot I know this one and these two right here is Shinohara this
    is a code 83 regular track and this is a code 83 Bridge track this one’s made by
    pika this one’s made by micro-engineering now you can see the
    difference in the ties for the bridge track their closer together and
    they’re a different dimension now this is n scale track this one here is code
    70 this one here is code 55 now both of these are manufactured by Atlas but you
    can see the difference in the height of the of the rail on there and also you’ll
    notice the different colors in there that’s true with most manufacturers I
    don’t have any code 100 H 0 scale that there’s a code 83 a chose scale right
    there and you can see that in the difference between the h o’ and the n
    scale you could pause your video here to take a look at this diagram of the
    turnout it gives you all the names of the parts of the turnout now whether
    it’s a left hand or right hand a curved turnout or a wide turn on it’s all the
    same the terminology is the same on every one of them also I’m going to
    scratch the surface on steam locomotives and diesel locomotives and how we
    identify between the two on steam locomotives that identification comes
    from the the trucks on there as an example you might have a 210 Aloka
    motive I’m going to show you the difference I’m going to put a display up
    here and to show you some of the different ones not all of them I mean
    there are so many different ones and I’m gonna do the same thing with the diesels
    now the the letters on the Diesel’s all have a meaning on it that you know they
    have S SW they have RS they have F they have E they have GP and that list goes
    on and there are so many different ones that you could look it up and I’m gonna
    give you a link for on the Wikipedia where it will cover every possible
    diesel locomotive and every possible steam locomotive and we’ll put all those
    graphics up here on the on the page so you could see that go take a look at
    Tom’s trains and things dot-com where I have a bunch of other stuff on here that
    I don’t have on YouTube videos and I’m always putting more
    on there check out Tom’s trains and things and help support this channel by
    going there I have some affiliate links on there
    I have patreon and also PayPal me Tom’s trains and things so take a look at the
    web page in some future episodes I’m going to continue with the the topic of
    terminology and try to cover as much as possible that I can going back and and
    trying to think what it was like from the very beginning it’s kind of hard so
    if any of you out there have any ideas of you know you know what do you want to
    know about what’s this or what’s that write it down in the comments section
    and let me know because you know I started out a list of the terms that I
    want to use and I’m going to continue with a few more videos as many as I need
    to make it clear what everything is in model railroading and in railroading
    I’ve had a couple of questions since IRMA came through they want to see my
    trains running well I got I got a lot my electronics part packed up in and toads
    and stuff that I wanted to keep it away just in case we had a failure in the
    roof and so I got to stick to all that stuff back up and get everything back
    run and plus I was sick for a while so we’ll get that we’ll get the get the
    trains running on there and I’ll show you a video on that so keep watching I
    got more stuff coming up and we’ll see Ya


    電車 西武 所沢第4号 踏切動画 japan train railroad crossing

    August 14, 2019

    This is the Tokorozawa No. 4 railroad crossing in the Ikebukuro Line of Seibu Railway.
    This signal is located on the southwest side side Tokorozawa Station. 9104F Seibu Railway 9000 series Yellow Train 30101F Seibu Railway 30000 series Smile Train “SEIBU HALLOWEEN 2015” 2063F Seibu Railway 2000 series Yellow Train 38109F Seibu Railway 30000 series Smile Train 6158F Seibu Railway 6000 series Advertising of the Tokyo Fuji University 10102F Seibu Railway 10000 series Limited Express New Red Arrow 10005F Tokyo Metro 10000 series 4105F Tokyu Corporation 5050-4000 series 7004F Tokyo Metro 7000 series 20151F Seibu Railway 20000 series Municipal advertising 32106F+38110F Seibu Railway 30000 series Smile Train 9102F Seibu Railway 9000 series Yellow Train 6114F Seibu Railway 6000 series 30104F Seibu Railway 30000 series Smile Train 20101F Seibu Railway 20000 series 9108F Seibu Railway 9000 series Yellow Train 6158F Seibu Railway 6000 series Advertising of the Tokyo Fuji University 6117F Seibu Railway 6000 series 6114F Seibu Railway 6000 series 10016F Tokyo Metro 10000 series 30103F Seibu Railway 30000 series Smile Train Tokorozawa Station direction Nishi-Tokorozawa Station direction I am glad to be able to share with you Japan Level Crossing Videos.
    Thank you very much. Please subscribe to my YouTube channel.