Browsing Tag: power

    Articles

    3 Men Hurt After Accident In Mayfair

    September 12, 2019


    RECONSIDER THEIR DECISION BECAUSE OF SAFETY CONCERNS IN THE COMMUNITY. NEW AT NOON, SELF PEOPLE ARE RUSHED TO THE HOSPITAL AFTER GETTING SHOCKED BY A POWER LINE. CHOPPER THREE OVER THE SCENE NEAR LINCOLN HIGH SCHOOL ON RYAN AVENUE. WE’RE TOLD THAT A WORKER WAS DRILLING TO INSTALL A STORM DRAIN WHEN HE ACCIDENTALLY HIT AN UNDERGROUND POWER LINE. HE WAS RUSH TO THE HOSPITAL WHERE HE’S NOW IN CRITICAL CONDITION. TWO OTHER MEN WERE LEFT WITH MINOR INJURIES. THAT ACCIDENT KNOCKING OUT POWER FOR ABOUT 600 CUSTOMERS IN THE AREA INCLUDING LINCOLN HIGH

    How an electric locomotive works…
    Articles, Blog

    How an electric locomotive works…

    September 9, 2019


    Electric locomotives have been providing hauling power for trains since 1837. Unlike steam and diesel locomotives, electric locomotives do not carry any fuel or energy source. The energy that drives them may be located hundreds of kilometers away from the locomotive itself. Electricity produced at a distant power station is conveyed to the locomotive through overhead catenaries. An electric locomotive is essentially a box full of transformers and semiconductors. A pantograph collects electricity from overhead wires and transfers it to a transformer, which sets the electrical power to the desired voltage. A connection with the axle brushes completes the circuit. From the transformer, the alternating connect drawn from the overhead wires is transferred to a main rectifier which converts it to direct current. The main and auxiliary inverters than convert the direct current into three-phase alternating current. The three-phase alternating current powers the traction motors, which then drive the wheels. For the traction motors to efficiently drive the wheels, many small but important components are also needed. Auxilliary inverters and rectifiers power these smaller components. Transformers and rectifiers produce a lot of heat and have to be kept cool. This important job is done by cooling fans which are powered by the auxiliary inverters and rectifiers. A compressor also powered by the auxilliary inverter, supplies air at the required pleasure to operate the pantograph. A battery provides the power for start-up operations and also supplies essential circuits. The battery is usually connected across the DC controlled supply circuit. Finally, the traction motors also produce a lot of heat and require cooling. The traction motors are cooled by separate cooling fans which also draw power from the auxiliary inverters and rectifiers. So, that’s how electric locomotives work!

    Industrial designers develop a device to generate power from passing trains
    Articles, Blog

    Industrial designers develop a device to generate power from passing trains

    August 18, 2019


    In sustainable energy news, industrial designers
    develop a device to generate power from passing trains. Mr. Jiang Qian from China and Mr.
    Alessandro Leonetti Luparini from Italy have created the T-Box. The invention, which would
    be installed between railroad ties and be partially underground, captures the wind of
    passing trains. This causes the turbine in the box to produce electricity. According
    to Mr. Jiang and Mr. Luparini, 150 of the T-Boxes could be placed on one kilometer of
    track for railways or subways. The electricity made could possibly be provided for facilities
    or underserved areas nearby. What a fantastic innovation, Mr. Jiang Qian
    and Mr. Alessandro Leonetti Luparini! May more such advancements help to ensure greener
    and cleaner energy for all�

    If You’re Broke Or Struggling Financially, Follow These Steps To Change Your Financial Situation
    Articles, Blog

    If You’re Broke Or Struggling Financially, Follow These Steps To Change Your Financial Situation

    August 15, 2019


    – Hey, this is Stefan from projectlifemastery.com,
    and in this video I wanna talk to you about how to change your financial situation. So if you’re watchin’ this right now and you’re
    broke and you’re struggling financially, then this is probably one of the most important
    videos for you to watch. I really hope that you watch this to the end,
    you watch it again and again, and most importantly, that you actually apply what I’m gonna share
    with you, the advice, the recommendation, and the steps that I’m gonna advise for you
    to do, because a lot of what I’m gonna share with you are things that might be different
    that what you’re doing right now. And that’s a good thing, because if you’re
    broke and struggling financially then what you’re doing right now is not working, ’cause
    what you’ve been doing has gotten you into a financial situation where you can’t afford
    something or you can’t invest in yourself, or you can’t, you have to say no to certain
    opportunities that come up that can change or improve your life for the better. And so you should never be in that situation
    to begin with, because if you’re broke and struggling and you can’t afford things or
    you don’t have money, and I get a lot of people that send me messages and emails and they
    say, “Stefan, I’d love to invest in this course, I’d love to change my life, I’d love to do
    this or that”, but they can’t because they don’t have money. They can’t afford it. And that’s sad, because like I said, you’re
    missing out on a lot of opportunities that could then improve and change your life for
    the better. You’ve always gotta be prepared for that because
    there will be opportunities that arise that you’ve gotta have the financial means to be
    able to utilize and take advantage of, especially if you wanna maximize your potential, create
    financial abundance, build a business, create a certain lifestyle for yourself. So if you’re broke and you’re struggling,
    then it’s telling you a few things. Number one, maybe that you’re young, in which
    case it might be acceptable not to have money, because when you’re young you haven’t yet
    accumulated enough years of work to be able to save money and put money aside. You know, if you’re 16 years old and you’ve
    never had a job before, then yeah, it makes sense why you wouldn’t have any money. But if you’re in your 20s, if you’re in your
    30s, if you’re in your 40s or 50s or 60s and you’re still broke, you still don’t have money,
    you still can’t afford, you know, little things to invest in yourself, to improve your life
    or whatever it might be, then that’s tellin’ me you’re doin’ something wrong. You’re either making money, hopefully you
    are, right, I assume you are, if you actually have internet connection, you’re watchin’
    this video right now, you have a smartphone or if you have a computer, you know, you’re
    obviously making some amount of money to be able to support, you know, and survive and
    have a certain lifestyle. It might not be what’s ideal for you right
    now, but you’re either making money but you’re not managing it properly. You’re just livin’ month to month, paycheck
    to paycheck. You’re not actually havin’ a positive cash
    flow, and you’re not saving your money, you’re not putting it aside, you’re not making smart
    decisions with your money. And if that’s the case, we’ve gotta address
    that because giving you more money is not gonna then solve your money management issues. You have to first learn how to manage money,
    ’cause if you can’t manage a dime out of a dollar, you’re not gonna manage, you know,
    $100000 or $1 million if you don’t first start and learn how to manage with a small amount
    of money. Or it’s also telling me that you’ve made some
    poor decisions financially that have gotten you into a situation of not having money,
    of being broke or whatever it is. And maybe you made some poor investment decisions,
    maybe you’ve, you know, filed for bankruptcy, maybe you’ve gotten a lot of debt, right? And again, you should not be in those situations
    to begin with because you should never invest all of your money into something. You’ve gotta have the money management IQ
    and skills to know that you’ve gotta have savings, you gotta have an emergency fund,
    and you’ve gotta make sure that you’re educated on how to manage money. And I’m doing this video because, again, a
    lot of people send me messages and tell me, “I don’t have money, I don’t have money”. And, you know, this is a video that I’m gonna
    send people to whenever they say that to help ensure they get on their feet financially
    so they’re not in that situation again. So again, I really hope that you actually
    have an open mind because some of what I’m gonna share with you, you’re not gonna maybe
    like because it is gonna require a change in thinking, a change in behavior, a change
    in habits if you wanna get yourself out of the situation that you’re in right now. It’s gonna require you takin’ responsibility
    because, whether you like it or not, if you’re struggling, if you’re broke financially, there’s
    no one else to blame for that but yourself. And I hate to say that, but that’s the first
    step of anything. You’ve gotta take ownership and responsibility,
    ’cause as long as you’re blaming someone else, you’re not gonna have the power to change
    it. The moment that you take on the responsibility
    for whatever’s happened to you financially, and you take on that ownership, that responsibility
    for your life being the way that it is, whether, you know, maybe you’ve been in a marriage
    and you got divorced, you got screwed over, well you’re still responsible for that because
    you’re the one that chose that partner, that made the decisions that have gotten you to
    that point that you might be in right now. So taking responsibility, ownership, that’s
    what gets the power back in your hands to actually do something about your situation
    and make those changes. As long as you’re blaming others and it’s
    because of the economy or my boss or my former employer or my business partner or whatever
    it is, again, as long as you’re blaming, you have no power. You have no ownership or power to change your
    situation to be able to get yourself back on track. So accept the fact that whatever decisions
    that you’ve made, and maybe not even your conscious decisions, but whatever you’ve attracted
    in your life, and I’m not sure if you believe in the law of attraction, but you attract
    and you manifest things into your life based on who you are and how you show up, your mindset,
    your attitude. You know, oftentimes people attract negative
    people into their life, they attract scarcity, they attract problems and drama because that’s
    what they’re puttin’ out there. You know, you attract what you put out, and
    you get comin’ back to you. So takin’ that responsibility is really the
    first step, alright? Now, let’s talk about what you would do if
    you’re broke and struggling financially. And by the way, this is advice that I would
    give myself, because there was once a time in my life where I was broke and I was struggling
    financially, I was living on my friend’s couch. I had credit card debt, you know, I was barely
    survivin’, and I was able to get myself out of that situation to where I am today, at
    31 years old being a multi-millionaire. And it’s because of these steps that I went
    through, and I wish I knew them a lot earlier because I would’ve gotten myself out of that
    situation a lot faster, and the reason why I was in that situation was because of the
    decisions that I made. And it wasn’t ’til I took that ownership,
    that responsibility, I said, “You know what, I got no one else to blame but myself. You know, I’ve made these decisions, and now
    I’m the only person that’s gonna be able to change this and I can’t expect anyone else
    to pull me out of this”. So I created a plan for myself that would
    get myself out of that situation to be able to change my life for the better, and that’s
    what I wanna share with you guys. So I’m gonna write this out for you and give
    you guys a few different steps of what I would do and what I would recommend for you guys. So the first thing, the first thing you need,
    you need a vehicle for making money, ‘kay? A vehicle for making money. And a vehicle in the sense of a job, a business,
    or whatever that might be, for making immediate short-term money, okay? So for a lot of you that are watchin’ this
    right now, you’re broke, you’re strugglin’ financially, my number one answer to you would
    be get a job. Okay? Get some sort of vehicle that can immediately
    start making you some money. And I don’t care what that is, but it has
    to be something that can provide for you immediately. So a lot of people, you know, come to me and
    say, “Stefan, well I don’t have any money, so I’m gonna start a business”. And oftentimes, that’s the worst thing for
    you to do because a business is not like a job, where a job you get paid for the hours
    that you put in. A business is something that you’re putting
    in time, you’re putting in energy, you’re putting in money into something, but you’re
    not getting paid back immediately for it. Really what you’re getting is you’re investing
    into something that has the potential to pay you back in the future. So a business, for most people, is not the
    solution to this. Before you start a business, I actually recommend
    that you have a job and you learn how to manage some money so that you can actually start
    your business with some money that you can then invest in your business. You can invest in the right training, the
    right education, and really start it off the right way so that you can really succeed and
    prosper the best way possible. So the vehicle would be, you know, getting
    a job. It could be a business if you already have
    one, but again, that’s only something that’s already providing you money. Immediate cashflow is what you need, okay? You’re not gonna get rich quick, alright? If you think that, “Hey, you know, if I buy
    this course or if I start selling on Amazon, whatever, next month, the next 30 days, I’m
    gonna make all this money and solve my financial situation”. It’s not gonna work like that. It can take a long time before you really
    start makin’ money in a business, and especially to profit from it. So keep that in mind and understand that. Now, you might already have a job, you might
    already have a business. The business could even be like a freelance
    business where you’re getting paid, maybe you get some clients and you’re doin’ some
    freelance work and you’re gettin’ paid for every job that you do or every contract, great,
    okay. But that is something that you need, and if
    you don’t have a job, you gotta get one, okay? And beggars can’t be choosers, so I don’t
    care if it’s workin’ at McDonald’s, I don’t care if it’s, whatever that you can get for
    now, no matter what amount of money that it pays, take that as a way for you to make immediate
    money, okay? And especially if you’re in that situation
    where you’re, you know, broke and struggling, you’ve gotta get something going. And it might not be what’s ideal. That’s okay, but at least get a job. If it’s at McDonald’s, great. You’re makin’ minimum wage. Do that, but simultaneously, maybe you could
    be looking for a better job and a better opportunity that could make you some more money that is
    more ideal for, you know, being able to help yourself get on your feet financially. So that’s what I would do. I know for myself, I did physical labor, I
    did construction work when I was broke and I was struggling. And I hated every minute of it, you know,
    havin’ to go on job sites, and I was doin’ demolition work, I was doing insulation in
    buildings and drywall and painting and all those things that, you know, I’d have to get
    on the train and go an hour at six o’clock in the morning, and I’d get, you know, be
    covered in sawdust and dirt, and you know, I’d be all day working, physically exhausted,
    and then I’d come all the way back home on the train, and I’d repeat that same cycle
    every single day. And the benefit of doing physical labor was
    I was actually able to make a little bit more money. I think I was making about $20 an hour, because
    you can often get more for doing trade-type work like that. And that was perfect for me because it allowed
    me to have a vehicle to make money, it allowed me to put money aside, to save money and help
    myself get back on my feet financially. So when getting a job or a business, whatever
    it is, the main goal is to make money. It’s not doin’ your passion, it’s not doin’
    what you love or anything like that. It’s just primarily to get yourself out of
    the situation that you are right now, to get yourself back on your feet financially. I know a lot of people, what they do, a lot
    of friends, that they’d go out and they’d work on the oil rigs. You know, there’s oil rigs here in Canada,
    different parts of the world. They’d go out, it’s brutal, tiring, exhausting
    work, but they make a lot of money by doing it, and they’re doing it maybe for a few months
    so that they can make a lot of money and then be able to quit or they get some time off. They then take that money and they’re back
    on their feet financially, they can make some smart decisions and not have to go back to
    that. So understand, you are gonna have to make
    a sacrifice. And it’s a short term sacrifice, it’s small
    price to pay, but you know, this what you’re gonna have to do to get yourself out of the
    situation that you are in financially. Now, if you’ve already got a job and it’s
    still not enough for you, maybe you have to get a second job, maybe you’ve gotta get a
    third job. Maybe you’ve gotta start lookin’ for jobs
    that can pay you some more money, okay? And it’s not that hard to get a job. So I don’t wanna hear an excuse or a story
    or a reason about why you can’t do it. There are 16 year old kids getting jobs. There’s billions of people around the planet
    that have jobs. So if they can do it, you can too, okay? You have to learn how to be resourceful. You have to learn how to, you know, figure
    things out and have that persistence, have that drive, and say, “You know what, I’m gonna
    go out and get a job, I’m gonna add value to another business, another company, or I’m
    gonna improve myself so that I have more value that I could then provide to a business or
    a company to make more money”. Maybe you’ve gotta improve your skills, okay? Maybe you’ve gotta improve your value in order
    to get paid more money with it, okay? But whatever you can get for now, start there. You have to have an immediate source of income. That’s step number one. Nothing else I can share with you is gonna
    work for you unless you have that, okay? Step number one. Step number two, is you have to learn how
    to manage your finances. ‘Kay? You have to learn how to manage it, because
    here you’re making money, but what you do with that money is really the most important
    thing. Now, for a lot of people, they make money,
    again, if you’re watchin’ this right now, you probably have a job, you probably have
    some sort of stream of income in your life. But if you have that and you’re still not
    able to save money or invest in money, or you just don’t have money to put aside or
    do certain things with, then that’s telling me that number two’s your problem. You’re not managing your money properly. You don’t manage the money that you have. Well, you know, maybe you make $2000 a month
    but you’re spending all $2000 per month for your lifestyle in order to live, or maybe
    it’s $5000 or $10000, whatever the number might be. Maybe it’s $1000. Whatever that is, if you can’t afford to save
    money and put it aside and you’re livin’ month to month, paycheck to paycheck, then that’s
    tellin’ me, again, that you’re not managing your money and you’re not making sacrifices. You’re actually living above your means or
    on par with the amount of money that you make, and not below. So here’s the key when it comes to managing
    your finances. I’ll give you a few keys, actually. Number one, you’re gonna track, so number
    one, you’re gonna track your income and your expenses, ‘kay? You’ve gotta know this. I used to have a ritual where, every single
    week, so I’d pay everything through credit cards or my debit card, and then what I would
    do is, every single week, I would go through my bank accounts, I’d go through my credit
    card statements, and I would keep a spreadsheet. And in that spreadsheet, I would track my
    income for that week, for that month, I would track that in the spreadsheet, and then I’d
    also track all of my expenses. And I’d just go through my bank statements,
    my credit card statements, and I’d categorize it into different areas. So I would categorize and say, “Okay, this
    is what I’m paying for my expense of my rent every month, this is what I’m paying for my
    car payments or my bus pass or my gym membership or my cell phone or my internet or my utilities
    bill or entertainment or eating out or groceries or food”. All that stuff, I would track it. And by doing that every single week, it would
    help me learn to see where I’m spending my money and ensure that I’m actually spending
    less than what I’m making, less that what I earn. So you have to have the awareness, ’cause
    that’s really what tracking does for you. It gives you awareness, it gives you power. You feel empowered that you know where your
    money is going. And that changed my life, just by doin’ that. Because what I was doin’ before is I wasn’t
    tracking, and so I’d end up spending more than what I was making and I’d put that on
    credit cards, and then before you know it, I was in debt. And when you’re in debt, it can be harder
    to get yourself out of that situation, especially if it’s high-interest debt. So tracking is something you gotta do. And, you know, it should be pretty easy for
    you to do, you know, ’cause probably, right now you don’t have that many income streams
    or that many expenses. You know, for me, as my life has grown, now
    I’ve got thousands of income streams and expenses, ’cause I run multiple businesses, and I need
    a bookkeeper to help me with all of that. But this is something you can do yourself. Set up the spreadsheets for it. Track, know exactly where you’re money’s goin’. Now, once you know what your income is, what
    your expenses are, you’re gonna have to budget. You are gonna have to make sacrifices, as
    I said. That means you’re gonna have to cut out expenses,
    because if you’re livin’ month to month, you’re doin’ something wrong. That might mean, you know what, you’ve gotta
    downgrade. You’ve gotta downgrade your home, ’cause a
    lot of you might be living in homes that you can’t afford. One thing I had to do, like I said, is I moved
    in with my friend and I lived on his couch in his living room, on his futon. And I paid $300 a month for that as a way
    to save money, to make a sacrifice. Now, did I enjoy that? No. That was embarrassing for me. I was single, I was dating, I was embarrassed
    to bring, you know, a girl home and show her where I was staying. It was very humbling for me. You know, I had to admit to different people
    and stuff that I was struggling, because I couldn’t afford to live on my own. Another point, in my 20s I had to move back
    in with my mom, you know, and just try to save some money, or get myself back on my
    feet for a few months. Did I want to do that, no. Was that embarrassing, yes. But I was willing to pay that price. I was willing to make that short-term sacrifice
    because I was focused long-term on where I wanted to be, and that’s what I had to do
    to get myself out of that situation that I was in financially. You might have to sell your car. I had a beat-up Honda Civic for a number of,
    like 1989 Honda Civic that was like $1500, that I had it for. It actually had to sell that at a certain
    point and just take the bus, ’cause I can get a bus pass for like $70 a month. And I just took the bus everywhere. And did I want to do that, no. I’d much rather have a car. But I had to. I was, again, focused long-term on where I
    wanted to go, and I was willin’ to make those sacrifices. You know, I had to cut out my Netflix subscriptions,
    I had to cut out, you know, got rid of my TV and my video games and all those things
    because I learned that a TV is an electronic income reducing machine. The more time you spend just watching TV,
    you’re missing out on opportunities that could then make you money. So I got rid of my TV, I got rid of things
    that weren’t supporting or helping me create the life that I wanted and to get to where
    I wanted to go. And you might have to do that. You might have to sell stuff, too. I’m sure you have a lot of stuff that you
    could probably sell, whether that’s clothing, technology, gadgets, things that you’re not
    really utilizing in your life that could help you get yourself back on your feet financially. So sacrifices is key. Making a budget, sticking to that budget is
    very, very important. Now, I’m not sure if you watched a video that
    I did on my YouTube channel on money management. And inside my Life Mastery Accelerator program,
    I go more into money management, investing, I’ve got a really in-depth that video on that,
    on how to invest your money and whatnot. But one the things that I shared that I actually
    learned from T Harv Eker is how to allocate your money. And this is a good formula for you to start
    with. This is what I did for myself. And if you want to, you could even modify
    it based on your circumstances. But this is just a good template, a formula
    for you to follow. So when it comes to managing finances, whatever
    amount of money you make, again, you gotta track that, you gotta know what it is. Here’s how you’d wanna allocate it. You’d wanna put 55% of whatever you make to
    necessities, ‘kay, necessities. Necessities are your rent, your home, your
    utilities bill, your food, your groceries, your car, your transportation, all that sort
    of stuff. That’s your necessities. 55%. Now, a lot of people, they’re putting 100%
    of what they make to necessities. Huge mistake. You’re not gonna be able to get yourself out
    of the situation that you’re in financially if you’re doing that, because then you’re
    just month to month, not getting ahead. You’re just running the rat race, as they
    call it. So 55% to necessities. And then you wanna put 10% to long-term savings. ‘Kay, long-term savings. This has to be a priority. You have to save money, you have to put money
    aside. And ideally what you wanna do is you wanna
    build up a reserve, an emergency fund. That why you should never be in a bad situation
    financially because, you know, oftentimes people are in those situations because they
    didn’t put aside an emergency fund, they didn’t have savings. This is something that you don’t spend. It’s something that you reserve for financial
    crisis, for an emergency, a rainy day. You’ve gotta have that money you put aside
    for that. So 10% of what you make, you gotta put towards
    that. And ideally you wanna build it up to six months
    of whatever your expenses or income is. Have six months of your monthly income or
    whatever put aside and saved for an emergency, okay? So you gotta make sure you have that. That’s to avoid, you know, in times where
    you might lose your job, and in times where somethin’ might happen, you gotta make sure
    you got that money put aside for it. You gotta prepare for those things. Next, 10% you need to put aside for what is
    called financial freedom. ‘Kay, a financial freedom account. This is for opportunities to invest, to create
    financial freedom, financial abundance in your life. This could be investing in stocks or cryptocurrencies
    or in an online business. Some sort of vehicle that can then make you
    more money in the future and help ideally make you passive income, passive residual
    income that can then be on autopilot to continuously make you more money. So you gotta put money aside to that for your
    future, to invest in yourself. Another 10% you’ve gotta put towards education. You’ve gotta invest in yourself, because how
    are you gonna really change your life if you don’t have the financial means to invest in
    yourself, to learn from others, to invest in seminars, training, courses, coaches, and
    mentors. That’s really what’s gonna get you to financial
    prosperity. That’s what did it for me is when I realized,
    “Okay, you know what? If I just keep livin’ in the rat race, I’m
    not gonna get ahead. I’ve gotta educate myself and learn, and by
    putting money in here, you learn what to do with the money to create financial freedom”. You know? So I started learning about online business
    and selling on Amazon and all the different things to build my business to where it is
    today, and I still do. I put an excessive amount of money into this,
    and in doing so, it helps me create more financial freedom, and also improve my lifestyle in
    other parts of my life as well, ‘kay? So you gotta put money aside for education,
    for courses, for trainings, or whatever that might be. And then another 10% you’re gonna put towards
    fun. ‘Kay? So you gotta have some fun. You’ve gotta enjoy yourself. And oftentimes, you’re gonna get more fun
    out of your life by putting money aside and then being strategic about how you wanna use
    that money. You know, a lot of people just, month after
    month, they’re just spending their money goin’ to the bar, you know, goin’ to the club and
    drinking and alcohol. And they can’t afford that, that’s not an
    intelligent way of using that money for fun. Maybe there’s some other things you could
    do with that that are really more fun than just goin’ out and drinkin’ every weekend. So you gotta make sure that you put money
    aside for fun. This is actually something, for me personally,
    I decided, you know, when I started doin’ this, I actually sacrificed this area significantly
    because I realized that I could get myself out of this situation of being in debt a lot
    faster by instead putting some of this money more to paying off my debt or using some of
    this 10% to more financial freedom or education. So that’s what I personally did. You know, I was willin’ to sacrifice this,
    but fun is also good because it rewards yourself. It helps you have a bit of balance in your
    life, too. So that’s up to you how you wanna modify it. And then the last 5% is to give, to contribute
    beyond yourself. And even if you don’t have money, I found
    this is extremely important because it trains yourself to live in a state of abundance,
    it trains your brain that there’s more than enough. And maybe for you it’s more than 5% or maybe
    it’s less. But I have often said, if you watch a lot
    of my videos, when you give, it’s not necessarily the amount as it is the habit. It could just be givin’ $1 to a homeless person
    on the street. But what you do with that is it really opens
    up your mind and it makes you feel good about yourself, and sure enough what happens is
    you attract more money, more wealth into your life. You know, oftentimes, people are so attached
    to the money that they’ve got, they’re so afraid of losing it or parting ways with it
    or investing it or whatever it is. And if you’re tryin’ to hold onto what you
    got and you’re closed off, then you’re not gonna be open to receiving more. It’s not ’til you’re open and you’re willing
    to part that attachment, you live in abundance, that’s where more wealth, more money, more
    opportunities flow your way. So having a habit of giving and contributing
    is extremely important. Again, it’s not about the amount, it’s the
    habit of it to train yourself to live in an abundant state, ‘kay? So this is a good formula for you to follow,
    ‘kay? Again, you can modify it a bit if you’d like. But the most important ones are savings, financial
    freedom, education. Those are the most important ones that you
    have to prioritize that you’re not prioritizing right now if you’re in the situation that
    you’re in. And this is a mindset shift more than anything
    else. You gotta shift your mindset. You gotta be more future and long-term thinking
    than the short-term. And you’re gonna have to make those sacrifices
    to make sure that you’re living well below your means, ‘kay? Very important. So I’ve already talked about managing finances,
    sacrifices. You know, and I also wanna really emphasize
    sacrifices, because this actually was a huge change in my thinking for me, because, you
    know, when I was tryin’ to get myself out of this situation, part of it was I wasn’t
    willing to make sacrifices. And I thought, “You know, I can have it all. I can live this, you know, balanced lifestyle,
    whatnot”. And I actually decided to interview a lot
    of people that were more financially successful than myself. And one of the things that I found out that
    was common throughout them is they all had to make sacrifices to get to where they’re
    at today. I remember even talking to my brother about
    this, who was very successful financially, at the time. And you know, I was talkin’ to him, and he
    actually, he used to work for my dad in the family business doin’ bathtubs, acrylic bathtubs,
    sinks, and showers. Physical labor stuff. And he had to live in the warehouse for a
    few years. And he lived in, like, in one of the offices
    and turned it into a little suite. And he had to live there and make that sacrifice
    to get himself out of debt and get himself back on his feet financially. I have a cousin who is fairly successful now,
    and he owned a gas station, a Petro-Canada gas station here in Canada, and he actually
    lived in the gas station for, I think, a few months or even a few years. And that was a sacrifice he had to make to
    be able to save money, to be able to, you know, do what I’m sharing with you guys here,
    you know, do this stuff. You know, I’ve had to do that. And most people that are ahead financially
    had to make a sacrifice. So that was just the reality. The sooner I was able to accept that reality,
    then it really freed me and empowered me a lot because I believed that, you know, I was
    doin’ this just short-term, but just really was confident in the plan that I had of where
    it was gonna take me and where I was gonna go in my life. So be willin’ to make those sacrifices, because
    part of getting what you want is knowing what you have to give up in order to have it. ‘Kay? So sacrifices, guys. I’ll give you another key here, guys, is you
    have to invest in yourself. Invest in yourself. And really, doing this here is really what’s
    allowing you to do number three. And like I said, it’s gonna be very hard for
    you to really change your life if you’re not able to invest in yourself. Warren Buffett, one of the richest men in
    the world has said the best investment you can make is not in a stock or a mutual fund
    or real estate, it’s in yourself. Investing in yourself. And I really believe this has been the key,
    the secret to getting to where I’m at right now. You know, I remember that time when I was
    living in my friend’s living room, and I was just, I was in credit card debt, I was tryin’
    to find ways to get myself out of that debt and get myself back on my feet financially. You know, I remember at certain times, I had
    a little bit more money, and with that money, I had the choice, I had the choice of either
    I could take that money and I could go and live on my own and put some of that money
    more into my necessities and I could get my own place and my own car, and I could, you
    know, upgrade my lifestyle, or I could take that money and I could invest in myself. And when I weighed my two options with it,
    I realized that what would get me further in my life is takin’ that money to invest
    in myself. So when I was in that situation, I invested
    in a coach. I invested in the 100 Day Challenge program. That’s the first time I ever did that, when
    I was in that financial situation. I remember I invested in going to a seminar
    in New York. And I had to fly all the way there and I had
    to find a roommate to stay with at the hotel in order to go to a seminar, because I realized
    that my life was not gonna change unless I was willing to invest in myself and do things
    differently that what I was doin’ before. Because what I was doin’ before was not workin’
    for me. I had to make changes in what I was doin’
    with my money. And I believed that investing in myself, then
    it would help me get to a position where I would be able to create more financial wealth,
    more financial abundance, I’ll be able to grow a business, be able to make more money,
    be able to get more promotions in a job if I wanted to or be able to get a higher-paying
    job. I recognized the importance of this. Now, lookin’ back, you know, a lot of people
    would say that’s crazy. You know, here’s Stefan, you’re broke, you’re
    struggling, you have this money, you could, you know, get out on your feet, you know,
    go and live in your own place, but you decided to take that money and invest in yourself
    instead. That was the mindset shift that changed everything
    for me, guys, when I was willin’ to do that. And what I found is I actually got so much
    value out of doin’ that because when I invested money in myself, I didn’t have a lot of money
    to invest. You know, I just barely scraped by. I had to be resourceful to be able to find
    a way to get that money to invest in myself. But what I found is when I invested in the
    training or the seminar or whatever that was, I got so much more value than anyone else,
    because it took me so much, that money that I invested was so valuable to me that I got
    really good results because I took it seriously. Now, often they say the more that you pay,
    the more that you pay attention. So I took my training, my education even more
    seriously. I applied everything that they said at the
    seminar or through the course. I went back through it again and again. I took a million notes in my journals, which
    I still have to this day. And I cherish those times because I just appreciate
    it so much ’cause it took me so much to do that that I just got so much more value because
    of it. So invest in yourself. And I’ll give you guys another key. I’m just gonna give you guys this and I’ll
    break it down. It’s to create wealth. You gotta now create a new vehicle for not
    just makin’ money but really what it is is a vehicle for financial freedom. For financial abundance, guys, because this
    vehicle right here might not get you there, you know? A job isn’t gonna create you freedom. You know, ’cause you’re trading your time
    for money, in that case. And so now you’re in a position where you
    can really look at creating wealth, you can look at an online business, you can look at,
    you know, investing in an online business and trainings, and really takin’ it seriously,
    and really build it up to where you want it to go, to create passive income for yourself
    and a certain lifestyle. Or you can take that and maybe creating wealth
    through learning how to invest in stocks or real estate or some other vehicle like that
    that again, has the potential to create financial freedom, passive income, financial abundance. So that’s really what you need to be able
    to focus on in order to get to where you wanna go. And when you’re creating this, what happens
    is now you’ve built the habits of managing your money, ‘kay, so now you know how to manage
    and you know what to do with this new wealth that you’re now creating here. But also, more importantly, because you’ve
    already been through this, you’ve struggled financially, then I know for myself, what
    I did is I made a decision that I’ll never again be in that position again. And I actually let the pain of where I was
    before to motivate myself to really change and make sure that I made smart decisions
    with my money, I invested it in the right things, things that would bring me more opportunity,
    more potential, more freedom, more of what I want in my life. More assets than liabilities. And that was a key thing for me is I actually
    believe that struggling financially, being in debt, the situation that I was in was actually
    a blessing. And if you’re in that situation now, you might
    not be able to see that just yet, but once you get out of it you’ll realize that it was. ‘Cause I’m so grateful for those times that
    I went, the years that I spent struggling financially because it really taught me how
    to manage money, it taught me how to be resourceful, it taught me how to be strong, it taught me
    now to be attached to materialistic things. It taught me to still be able to, you know,
    to create drive and hunger and be motivated and do what it takes to really change the
    situation that I was in. It also taught me how to add value, because
    often people struggle ’cause they’re only focused on themselves. But in order to really create wealth, you’ve
    gotta be able to find ways to add value. Because you’re only gonna get paid based on
    the contributions that you make. You know, if you’re workin’ for a businesses,
    you’re getting paid for the value that you’re providing to that business. If you’re selling a product or a service,
    you’re only gettin’ paid based on the value that your product or service provides. So you have to shift your mindset to be a
    giver, to add value, to create value and become more valuable, ’cause the more that you do
    that, the more wealth and more financial abundance you’re gonna create in your life. So this is, again, where you really wanna
    focus on building a business, you know? This is where, you know, a lot of people,
    for example, they come to me, “Stefan, I can’t afford to start a business, I can’t afford
    this course or this training that you might have”. Well, then you gotta start here and you gotta
    start here, and then when you’re here and you’re ready to take some of this money from
    your education and some of this money, now you’re ready for a course. Now you’re ready to build your business. Now you’re ready to really create that wealth
    and be able to do it the right way and fast-track it, accelerate it and get to where you wanna
    go. And oftentimes, you wanna do this while you
    still have a job. You don’t just wanna quit your job and then
    start a business, right? You start your business on the side, and you
    build it up to a point where it’s making you a positive cashflow and profit, in which case
    that you can then depend that your business will then support you. And then you can quit your job and work at
    this full-time. Because now this is dependable for you, it’s
    a reliable stream of income that you can then depend upon. And that’s what I did for myself. That’s what most people that I know have done,
    as well. And I think this is really the plan to change
    your financial situation for the better, to get to where you wanna go. And of course, investing in yourself might
    be reading books, goin’ to seminars, learning about finances, about money. You know, I’ve shared a lot of videos and
    stuff on my channel that can also help you with your mindset around this, but, you know,
    find books, find coaches, find courses and training programs and resources that can really
    help you get to where you wanna go. You know, that’s the key. You know, to this day, I’m still investing
    more money than I’ve ever invested in my life into my own education, into my own future,
    ’cause I believe in this. This is what’s gotten me where I’m at today. Why would I stop investing in myself? Why would I stop hiring coaches? I do that even more than ever before, ’cause
    I wanna continue to grow, and I wanna be able to continue to learn and become more valuable
    so that I have more value to provide. And I hope by doing that, by adding more value,
    the more money that I’ll make in the process, too. So this video has been fairly long, but I
    wanted to go more in depth, I wanted to share the mindset and the strategies that the steps
    that I took and that I would take if was startin’ over again. And it can hopefully help ensure that you
    get yourself back on your feet financially. And you know, you’re gonna have to, again,
    make that sacrifice here, but once you get here, you know, and you get that point, it’s
    a small price to pay because you’re gonna be able to live the rest of your life free. You’re gonna be able to live the rest of your
    life financially abundant, and you’re really not gonna have to worry much about money again. So if you have to go through this phase for
    a few years, it’s worth it. You know? You gotta, again, think long-term in your
    decision-making. And it might suck for a year or two years
    or three years, but, you know, once you get yourself out of that situation, now you’re
    on the fast track. And the fast track, the fast lane is what’s
    gonna, you know, it’s amazing how much your life will change once you’re there. So understand that you’re gonna have to go
    through this, and this is the path that’s gonna help you lead to where you wanna go. So listen, I wanna thank you so much for watchin’
    this video. Hopefully you enjoyed it. My Life Mastery Accelerator program goes more
    into finances and also investing money, too, if you wanna learn more in-depth strategies
    for that. But I wanna thank you. I wish you the best of luck. I believe in you. I know for a fact that you can change your
    financial situation, you just gotta have the right mindset, the right attitude about goin’
    about it. You’re in the right place. Just follow this plan, guys, to get out of
    the situation that you’re in and to get to where you wanna be. Thank you so much. Make sure to subscribe for more videos. Like this video, leave a comment, and I’ll
    talk to you guys again, soon. Take care.

    Wolfpack Wood Recycling:  From Crisis to Clean-up at the Oroville Dam (Morbark Owner)
    Articles, Blog

    Wolfpack Wood Recycling: From Crisis to Clean-up at the Oroville Dam (Morbark Owner)

    August 15, 2019


    My name is Tim Dempewolf and I own Wolfpack Wood Recycling I’m working on a site here in the
    foothills out of Oroville California. I’m under Syblon and Reid company and
    they’re working under Department of Water Resources. It was kind of a hurry up emergency to
    get people in here to get the trees out. They were worried at the time that if
    the water come over the spillway that it would wash all the trees down into the
    river and they didn’t want that to happen. When they said it was gonna come
    over the spillway the next morning it was … “Get my stuff out first!” It was a lot of people trying to move pretty quick, getting everybody out of harm’s way. Now it’s just trying to get everything in order to so they can start fixing the dam. At this point I started out clearing, like I said, under the emergency overflow. Then I went down and was chipping trees and brush where they were taken to make room to put stockpiles for the dirt they were taken out of the river. Now at this point I’m clearing under power lines that they had to move and reposition. I started my business in 2007. Most of the time I do subdivisions and orchard removals by myself, or my wife and I have. I have Buck and Hunter. They’re my little buddies. I’m trying to teach them how to run the grinder and excavator. My equipment — I’ve got a 320 CAT
    excavator and a Morbark 4600XL on tracks. I’ll be honest with you. I wouldn’t buy
    a grinder unless it was on tracks. A lot of the work that I do is on hills
    and steep ground. I purchased the Morbark equipment because they’ve always had a pretty good name, and I’ve had nothing but good luck with
    Morbark grinders. At one point when I started grinding I
    would get my wear parts from a different company because of pricing but now Morbark is getting their prices more comparable and their tips are getting better. At this point I think I am going to stick with Morbark parts. I was doing a project last summer out of Auburn California on a railroad job, and I hit some parts that come out of the
    railroad tracks. I’ve tore up some stuff hitting steel, but I never really have completely damaged the machine. When I hear the words “Morbark Strong” it means to me that you’re gonna have something that’s dependable and will hold up. It’s quite a project here. A few people, if I go into a restaurant or something they’ll see me dirty and ask me what I’m doing, I’ll tell them I’m working on the Oroville dam. They’re pretty appreciative of everyone doing their job up here.

    Why Abandoned Railroads Still Matter 🛤
    Articles, Blog

    Why Abandoned Railroads Still Matter 🛤

    August 14, 2019


    Hey everybody thanks for tuning in! Today I want to zoom out a little bit so to speak and talk about the much larger and broader idea that led me to propose a hydrogen-powered streetcar in Long Beach. Ever since I was a toddler, every time my family would drive by some abandoned railroad tracks, I would crane my neck and try and get a good look. Where did the train used to go? Why did it fall into disuse? Would it benefit the public if it was brought back to life? Once I was old enough to go exploring on my own, I would follow overgrown railroad tracks for hours trying to imagine where they used to go and how long ago they stopped being used. This fascination, this obsession with lost railroads has stuck with me to this day, but new reasons for it have developed as I’ve learned more about the history of passenger rail in the United States and as of late becoming increasingly excited about the possibilities that exist for such rail in the future cities like Long Beach. Long Beach like most other Southern Californian cities, was built around passenger rail lines financed and built by real estate tycoons such as Henry Huntington. But… Voiceover: For the tremendous development and progress of this amazing area coupled with its usually pleasant climate is but a never-ending stream of population pouring into Los Angeles and the surrounding communities, mass production of modern houses with liberal financing arrangements enabled many thousands of young Americans to own their own homes for the first time! Near the lake there now arose a city, built by subdividers who had planned it, planned it as no other American city had been planned since L’Enfant laid out the District of Columbia 170 years ago. Me: We lost those very arteries connecting different neighborhoods with one other in the years of the postwar building boom, the time when middle-class GIs returning home from the war purchased cars and homes in the suburbs of our cities, creating urban sprawl while an excessive reliance on the private automobile began to characterize urban and suburban life throughout the country. Voiceover: Congress responded with the federal aid Highway Act of 1956 providing the staggering sum of $51,000,000,000 to be spent by the states on highway construction by 1971. The most talked-about phase of the act is the interstate highway system, a 41,000 mile network of our most important roads. Most of these roads will be four, six even eight-lane expressways constructed for through traffic. They will take the over-the-road driver from city to city, coast-to-coast at highways speeds, even through large population centers. Me: Both politicians and the public came to yield the automobile as a silver bullet for the transportation needs of Americans, leading to alternative forms of transit being underfunded and largely neglected in infrastructure spending all throughout the 1960s, 70s and through to the present-day. Even now federal transit funding for government owned passenger railroad Amtrak is outweighed by federal highway spending more than 50 to 1. Part of this is a consequence of the freeway system’s massive expansion in the postwar years to a road network of over 4 million miles, all of which must now be constantly repaired and maintained. While roads are generally less expensive to build than railroads, they cost far more to maintain per mile than railroad tracks, and with the exception of a small fraction of highways that require a toll be paid in order to use the road, generate no revenue. Railroads on the other hand, while often at least partially subsidized with tax dollars, those subsidies are actually generally offset by ticket sale revenue, ultimately saving the taxpayer money over highways. Build trains spend more now, pay less later. Build roads and save money now, pay MORE money later, it’s that simple. With the decline of the private railroad industry in the 1970’s cumulating with the bankruptcy of the Penn Central Railroad and numerous other privately owned railroad throughout the country, many lines that had been required to provide passenger service by law were abandoned when their respective railroads went bankrupt due to a combination of poor management, excessive tax burdes and the rise of the automobile. And these abandoned, mostly disused or otherwise maligned relics of pre WWII America are everywhere. Depending on how long ago a line was abandoned, and the subsequent decisions made once under public ownership, abandoned lines like this can be more or less visible. The tracks may be present, rusting away in neglect, or they may have been removed entirely leaving only an intact strip of undeveloped or partially developed land. Many of the landscaped medians often found in the roads of Long Beach and throughout Southern California, little useless parks that look nice but nobody walks their dog in due to their strange sizes and locations, were actually once rail lines. This is true for the medians of 2nd Street in both Belmont Shore and Naples Island. Some were simply paved over in their entirety and turned into roads for cars, such as the lower eastbound lanes of Livingston Avenue. Whether or not the tracks remain following abandonment generally depends on how wealthy an area is. Poorer areas tend to retain the rails themselves, while richer neighborhoods often remove them and landscape the old routes, but they remain at least for now so quite clear to see with the benefit of some historical knowledge and a bird’s-eye view. So, you might be wondering what that bigger picture is that I brought up in the beginning of this video, while others might have already guessed what I’m getting at here. Those old lines? We should use them for transit! Right? Despite the total loss of the actual railroad infrastructure in some cases, these strips of disused right-of-way which litter the American cityscape are usually at least partly publicly-owned, and therefore would be a bargain to bring back to life saving the taxpayers hundreds of millions or even billions of dollars over the cost of building a line between the exact same two points only a few hundred feet away from the existing line. There is no more prohibitive cost in developing a new transit line than real estate. And we can actually do something with this knowledge and develop these as light rail transit lines NOW, before the rights-of-way are sold off and subdivided saving ourselves billions over the costs of developing similar lines a few decades down the road. Does anybody really think people are going to stop moving to sunny, nearly winterless Southern California anytime soon? I didn’t think so. I know I’m not going anywhere. So we have to be ready to welcome our new neighbors from the cold northern states of the U.S. and throughout the world, and we’re not gonna be able to do that without developing an expansive world-class light rail transit network, otherwise nobody not even those of us who want to will be able to practically own and drive a vehicle around here once the population density reaches its inevitable breaking point. So, building a reliable fast and comfortable light rail alternative to total automobile dependence is going to be an inevitability as population density soars throughout Los Angeles, Long Beach, Orange County and all throughout Southern California, but it is only going to be cheap if we do it now, before things get out of hand. We can avoid the problems now being confronted in densely settled areas like West Hollywood, where residents are only now finally going to get a subway extension paid for with several billion dollars in funding from Measure M. Unlike West Hollywood, though, we here in Long Beach and the surrounding communities actually still have a few intact light rail corridors that have not yet been divided piecemeal for housing. If we were to turn only a few of these into regional light rail lines, our transit map could quite swiftly go from looking like this, to looking like this, then this, then perhaps this and beyond. A lot more if you might consider using mass transit than do now if it could get you right to your destination is a similar amount of time as driving, would you not? What if could get you there in less time? Some of you might now be thinking “what’s wrong with our bus system?” and the answer to that question? Nothing! There’s nothing wrong with the public buses operated by Metro, Long Beach Transit, Torrance Transit, OCTA and other municipal agencies in the area. In fact, they’re great! Our local bus systems are clean, safe, super affordable and on-time more often than not, although not quite as often as Metro rail, but they cannot be the entire picture of mass transit in Southern California or even in Long Beach simply because they take so, so much longer than driving. Time is money, man. Buses work best for short hops to destinations that are a bit further than you would want to walk or bike from a train station, but the further you travel on a bus the more one will find that the overall speed of the journey becomes hampered by the compounding factors of frequent stopping picking up and waiting for passengers to pay the fare, and the fundamental vulnerability of buses to be delayed by the same traffic congestion as suffered by private motorists, only exacerbated by the enormous size and lack of maneuverability of a bus. As a result, and you can check this on your phone yourself if you think I’m exaggerating, interurban bus journeys during peak hours often take more than three times as long as driving between the same two locations in a car. But the best approach to these fundamental shortcomings of bus transit is to use buses properly within a larger framework public transportation infrastructure. Buses on shared city streets simply don’t work well for interurban journeys and buses work better when they’re used only for that last stretch of travel from the train station to your destination. Public transit works the best when these networks are developed with a strong efficient and fast arterial foundation of a solid rail network is complemented with reliable bus service from the train station to anywhere the train can’t go due to either a lack of demand and density in the service area, or simply geographic obstacles that have not yet been overcome. That’s all for now! Thanks again for tuning in and please do like and subscribe to my channel for more videos like this one! Do you hate driving on the 405 as much as I do? Join me next time as we explore the possibility of developing direct rail service for a massive bargain between downtown Long Beach and Lomita, Torrance and perhaps even Los Angeles International Airport by using the existing disused rail line already bought and paid for by the county.

    Brazil’s Geography Problem
    Articles, Blog

    Brazil’s Geography Problem

    August 14, 2019


    This video was made possible by Skillshare. Learn from 21,000 classes for free for two
    months at https://skl.sh/wendover3. There are plenty of lines you can draw on
    the globe but perhaps none is more consequential than the equator. Of the 15 wealthiest countries
    in the world as measured by GDP per capita, all are in the northern hemisphere. Only 800
    million of earth’s 7.6 billion residents live south of the equator. There is a clear
    divide between north and south but of those 800 million people a quarter of them, about
    207 million, live here in Brazil. The country is an exception to the global trend. Brazil
    is the fifth most populous country in the world and the most populous entirely within
    the southern hemisphere. Its economy has grown enormously and the country is quickly developing.
    Although, the very land it sits on stacks the odds against it. Its location gives it
    a disadvantage. Given this, the question is whether Brazil can develop into a world superpower
    by the likes of the US, Europe, Russia, India, and China or if the country is doomed to fail? Brazil, of course, looks like this but in
    reality almost 80% of the country’s population lives here—within 200 miles of the coast.
    You do see a concentration of population near the coast in any country as it provides a
    cheap and easy means of transportation by boats and a source of food through fishing
    but few countries have such a severe concentration of people by the oceans as Brazil. This small
    area, for example, is home to three of Brazil’s six largest cities. Normally this would help
    development as the area in between cities will urbanize but this map doesn’t tell
    the whole story—this one does. You see, this area of Brazil is rather mountainous.
    The major cities mostly exist in small pockets of low-altitude, flat land on the ocean. This
    is because major cities need easy water access to get goods in and out. The majority of Brazil’s
    coast is defined by steep, sheer cliffs. Petrópolis, for example, a suburb of Rio, is a mere 13
    miles from the ocean and yet it sits at almost 3,000 feet of altitude. The rare areas with
    low-altitude land on the water are where cities like Porte Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Recife
    are but this pattern has two consequences. First, these cities, while being on flat land
    themselves are surrounded by cliffs and mountainous regions which means their growth is limited.
    There are plenty of cities that exist in mountainous regions but the world’s largest and most
    influential cities like London and Delhi and Beijing all exist in areas with absolutely
    no geographical features limiting their growth. The fact that Brazil’s cities locate in
    rare low-altitude coastal land means that the country will likely never have a megalopolis
    by the likes of the Pearl River Delta or the US Northeast. It takes a surprising six hours
    to drive between Rio and Sao Paolo and since there’s no low-altitude coastal land in
    between them, there are really no major cities in between them too. Brazil’s cities are
    confined to the geographically convenient areas which are spread out from each other.
    This means the cities can’t collaborate easily with each other thereby limiting Brazil’s
    impact on the world stage. Like any large country, Brazil’s development
    potential is also linked to how it gets its food. This, in fact, might be Brazil’s greatest
    obstacle as it really doesn’t hav e much great farmland, at least yet. The country’s
    main agricultural region is its south which is blessed with great soil and great rivers
    that help transport crops away from their farms. Interestingly, the same elevation that
    leads to steep coastal cliffs causes rivers to run in a counterintuitive direction. The
    Tietê river, for example, starts near Sao Paolo a mere 10 miles away from the Atlantic
    ocean but then runs inland almost 500 miles where it flows into the Paraná River which
    eventually flows out into the ocean near Buenos Aires, Argentina. If a farmer wants to export
    their food abroad, it’s often cheaper to first ship it the thousands of miles by boat
    on these rivers than just hundreds of miles overland to Brazil’s coast due to their
    poor road infrastructure. This means that Argentina gets the business of packing up
    and shipping Brazil’s food to other countries. That’s just lost money for Brazil as a result
    of their geography. Brazil’s south, though, does not even have enough land to feed the
    country’s own 200 million residents. Given that, the question is where to put the rest
    of the farms. In Brazil’s north is the Amazon basin. The
    central feature of this region is, of course, the Amazon River which is navigable for boats.
    Normally this feature would lead to a significant population as navigable rivers serve as cheap
    and easy transport for crops and goods but the banks of the Amazon are a tough place
    to farm or live. Not only are they muddy and unstable which makes building difficult, but
    the Amazon also regularly floods which means that every year many of the communities on
    the banks of the Amazon can have their streets underwater for months. Building and living
    in the Amazonian cities is difficult, but what’s more difficult is building the roads
    in and out. The largest city in the Amazon, Manaus, is home to 2.6 million people, it’s
    as big as Baltimore, and yet there are only three roads connecting the city to the outside
    world. Many of the smaller towns around the Amazon have no roads going in and out as its
    just incredibly costly and difficult to build roads through the rainforest. In fact, rather
    unbelievably, there is not a single bridge spanning over the Amazon so there is no way
    to drive from the northernmost region of Brazil to the rest without taking a ferry. Overall,
    this whole area is just empty. Even if there was the infrastructure to transport crops
    to market, farming in the Amazon involves clearing huge amounts of land and even then,
    the soil is relatively infertile which leads to poor yields. Despite being Brazil’s largest
    state, Amazonas is home to just 1.8% of its population. It just costs too much to build
    the infrastructure needed to live there. To the south of the Amazon, though, is an
    area known as the Cerrado. This vast savanna used to be in the same category as the Amazon—it
    was empty. The problem was not only that there was no natural network of rivers to get crops
    out of the area but also that the soil was too acidic and lacking enough nutrients to
    easily grow large quantities of crops. Between both the Amazon and the Cerrado being off-limits
    for large-scale farming, that meant that Brazil really didn’t have much land at all for
    farming. 30 years ago, with only the south to farm, Brazil was actually a net importer
    of food—it bought more food from other countries than it sold. That was until researchers discovered
    that all you needed to do to fix the soil was add phosphorous and lime. The phosphorous
    served as a fertilizer in the place of natural nutrients and the lime worked to reduce the
    level of acidity. In the early 2000’s, the country spread more than 25 million tons of
    lime per year and so today the Cerrado accounts for 70% of Brazil’s farmland. In addition,
    Brazil has begun growing soybeans. This plant is normally grown in more temperate climates
    such as the US, northern China, or Japan, but through cross-breeding and genetic modification
    it can be modified to grow in warmer and acidic environments such as the Brazilian Cerrado.
    Thanks to the enormous amount of land Brazil has and these technological advancements the
    country has gone from producing 16% of the world’s soybean in 2005 to 31% today.
    A country’s level of development is often to linked to how good its natural transportation
    system is. That’s part of why the US developed so much so fast—it has a great system of
    navigable rivers right in its agricultural heartland that helps get goods from the fields
    to cities fast and inexpensively. The Brazilian Cerrado, though, does not have that. It doesn’t
    even have much of a preexisting network of roads since before this recent agricultural
    advancement barely anyone lived there. Therefore anyone who wants to farm in the Cerrado has
    to find land, level it, treat it with phosphate and lime, and build roads to get supplies
    in and crops out. Cerrado farms can be profitable but it takes an enormous amount of money to
    build the infrastructure needed to start a farm. It’s not like the US or France or
    China where all you need is some land. The consequence of this is that farms in Brazil
    tend to owned by corporations rather than individuals because only corporations have
    the money to build farms. That therefore increases the level of wealth disparity in Brazil. According
    to the World Bank’s Gini index, Brazil is the 11th most economically unequal country
    in the world. Lower wealth disparity and the emergence of a middle class are indicators
    of economic development so the country should want to fix this. Brazil’s government has
    recognized its infrastructure problem as a source of its wealth disparity and has therefore
    worked to build roads in the interior so that more individuals can run farms but the government
    only has so much money to spend and it’s a big country.
    Brazil does, though, understand the importance of its core. It understands that the coastal
    cities are constrained and that economic development will come from the center. It was partially
    for that reason that the country decided to move its capital from Rio de Janeiro to here—Brasília.
    The thinking was that putting the capital in the core would stimulate the economically
    underdeveloped region and, in many ways, it worked. The city simply did not exist before
    1960 yet today more than 4 million people live in its metropolitan area. Being located
    on relatively flat land unlike Rio, the city can just grow and grow and grow without hinderance.
    Brazil has potential, but its defining issue is that it’s an expensive place. It’s a
    vicious cycle. In order to make money, Brazil needs to invest in its infrastructure but
    without people making money it doesn’t have the tax money to build what it takes t o transition
    into the first world. The question of why tropical countries are less developed is an
    enormous one without a clear answer, but Brazil is one of the most likely candidates to break
    this trend. It certainly lags behind other developing countries like China, but as its
    agriculture industry develops it will become a bigger and bigger exporter which will bring
    more money in. With time, its average income will inch up. The country already does have
    major companies in other industries such as banking, manufacturing, and oil but with how
    big Brazil is, agriculture is the one that’s the world’s focus right now. Only France,
    Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States export more agricultural products per year
    which is good company to be in. Brazil may not have the explosive growth rate of some
    other less developed countries but by continuously taking what it earns and reinvesting it to
    open up more of the country to agricultural production it will continue its path to superpower
    status. One of the common questions I receive is how
    I started making these videos. The first step was learning the skills needed from writing
    to research to sound design and editing, but for each and every one of them there’s a
    course on Skillshare. Skillshare, you see, is an online learning community that has more
    than 21,000 classes on whatever you want to learn. The variety is astounding. You can
    learn skills to help you make videos, to show off at parties, or even to help you get a
    job. There are also some great courses taught by fellow YouTubers such as Mike Boyd and
    Kurzgesagt. What’s best about Skillshare is that you can try it all for free for two
    months exclusively by going to skl.sh/wendover3. Skillshare makes this show possible and its
    a great place to learn or improve your skills so please do check them out, once again, at
    skl.sh/wendover3. Thanks for watching and I’ll see you again in three weeks for another
    Wendover Productions video.

    How To Make a 3 Penny Battery
    Articles, Blog

    How To Make a 3 Penny Battery

    August 9, 2019


    Is there free energy hiding in your spare
    change? In this video you’ll learn how to turn a handful of pennies into batteries that
    can power some of your small electronic devices. For this project, I’ll need pennies. My neighbor
    Trevor gave me these and I’ll begin sorting them by date. I want pennies newer than 1982
    because they’re nearly 98% Zinc. Ok I’ve picked out 10 pennies that I think will work, so
    I’ll use this 100 grit sandpaper and start sanding one side of the penny. Actually, this
    may be too much work, so I’ll try some double sided sticky tape and an orbital sander. This
    is working much better to expose the zinc, but the adhesive has melted from the friction,
    and left these pennies in a sticky mess. No problem, I’ll just use some adhesive remover
    to clean them up, and now they’re looking great! It’s time to build a battery. I’ll
    cut some thin cardboard into pieces just bigger than the penny, and throw them in some vinegar.
    While those are soaking, I’ll start my battery cell by placing one of the pennies with the
    copper side down on a piece of aluminum foil. As you can see, nothing is happening yet,
    so I’ll blot dry one of my cardboard pieces, and place it on top. This time when I measure
    the voltage, I’m excited to see over half a volt from this one cell! I’ll add another
    penny and cardboard, and repeat the process until I’ve stacked up all my pennies. Now
    the cells are connected in series, and the electric potential has jumped to nearly 6
    volts! Wow. This should be more than enough voltage to drive an LED, so I’ll test it out
    with this one. It works perfectly, and I can’t believe how brilliantly this lights up. Just
    for fun I’m testing the currant draw and it’s pulling about 170 microamps. I can even light
    up two at once. Ok, so it works, and it’s actually really impressive that I’m getting
    electricity from pennies, but now I’m curious to know how long this can last? I’ll use some
    electrical tape to hold everything in place, and try to fix these cardboard edges because
    they shouldn’t be touching. I’ll do my best to make it air tight to prevent the wet cardboard
    from drying out too quickly, and then carry it with me for the next couple of hours to
    watch when for it dies out. Ok so now it’s more than 2 days later and I really can’t
    believe what I’m seeing. The green light is still on, which means these little pennies
    are still pumping out juice! This is awesome, so I wanna try another idea. I’ve picked up
    a calculator from the dollar store and I’ll remove the screws on the back so I can get
    to the battery. Once that’s removed I’ll pull the negative and positive leads out of the
    casing. And now I’ll need to make another penny battery. This time I don’t feel like
    sanding the pennies, so I’m adding these zinc washers I got from the hardware store for
    about 3 cents each. I need around 1.5 volts, so I’ll use 3 pennies, 3 washers, and 3 pieces
    of cardboard soaked in vinegar. This time I’ve rounded the cardboard edges so they won’t
    be a problem. And I’ll stack them with the washer on the bottom, the cardboard in the
    middle, and the penny on top. This is one cell, and I need 3 so I’ll stack up 2 more.
    The penny on top is the positive side and the zinc washer on bottom is the negative.
    I’m getting just over 2 volts and 700 microamps, so I’ll add wires to the terminals and use
    some more electrical tape to hold it together. Time to test it on the calculator. I’ll press
    the “on” button, and it’s incredible, the calculator fires right up! I’m testing out
    a few functions and everything calculates correctly, so now I just need to clean these
    wires up a bit. I’ll chip holes in the casing, and hardwire my pennies into the battery leads,
    then tape the penny stack to the back. A penny powered calculator?! I really am impressed
    at how well this worked out… …and still patiently waiting for this little green light
    to die out. Well there’s an idea that’s worth a few cents. If you like this project perhaps
    you’ll like some of my others. Check them out at thekingofrandom.com

    Electrician Career Information : Electrician Job Description
    Articles, Blog

    Electrician Career Information : Electrician Job Description

    August 9, 2019


    My name is Walt Cannon. I have been an electrician
    for 32 years and owner/operator of Cannon Electric. It has been asked what it is like
    to be an electrician. An electrician is someone who utilizes and provides power for different
    equipment, residential, commercial, industrial, hospitals, agricultural. Any kind of electrical
    driven machinery is done by an electrician. We work in attics, crawl spaces, multiple
    weather conditions. We restore power when power is out in difficult situations. It is
    very rewarding and fun, absolutely fun. It gets the fur up on your neck and it is extremely
    fun.