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    Can China Connect the World by High-Speed Rail? | Gerald Chan | TEDxKFAS
    Articles, Blog

    Can China Connect the World by High-Speed Rail? | Gerald Chan | TEDxKFAS

    October 22, 2019


    Translator: Jaegun Lee
    Reviewer: Denise RQ Once upon a time there was in the West a mighty empire called the Roman Empire, and the Romans had a very interesting map of the world. it’s a small world in which Europa, Asia, and Africa were closely connected with each other, and America was nowhere to be seen. Then, the world became divided, and has become divided until now into some 200 political units
    called nation states. And they are divided
    along the lines of territory, and along the lines of sovereignty. Many of these nation states
    are members of a global body called the United Nations. What about the future? Can you imagine
    what the future world will look like? Here we have to thank
    the Chinese for it largely, because the future world, as I saw it, the other day
    when I gazed at my crystal ball that the world will be connected
    by high speed railway looking something like this. You may wonder how this will happen. Are the Chinese really able
    to connect the world by high speed railway? Well, my answer is yes, to a great extent;
    the Chinese can do that. To support that answer I have a plan. And this plan of mine
    consists of two parts. One part is about history. We should try to draw lessons from the past to inform our present. And the present is
    the second part of my plan to try to explore with all of you
    what China has been doing recently and what China is likely to do
    in the near future in the development
    of high speed rail industry. If we look at history,
    we don’t need to look too far back because the development
    of high speed railway in China has been only about ten years or so and the Chinese did this very smartly by introducing a full set of train
    from countries like Japan, from Germany, from France,
    and from Canada, and then, through a process what engineers often call
    reverse engineering, the Chinese engineers disassembled the whole train into smaller parts in a methodological manner, step by step, and then rebuilt from the basics,
    the small parts, into a whole train. And through this process,
    in a simple way, the Chinese learned the skills
    of building a high speed rail. But of course one has
    to give credit to the Chinese engineers, they’re also very smart and able to input their own skills,
    the technology, into the system. To the extent that now China
    has the largest high speed rail network in any single country in the world, measuring some 16,000 km which is about half the world’s total. And this number, by the way,
    is increasing over time. So if we look at the future,
    the near future at least, we can examine to what extent China is involved in the global market of high speed rail industry. And that is something astonishing. It is a wobbling 34%. That percentage is increasing
    over time as well, as estimated by scholars and specialists. What China is doing at present
    and in the near future is also of interest because China is negotiating
    with some 20-30 countries around the world in order to build systems
    of high speed rails in countries in Asia, Africa,
    Latin America, and beyond. Let me give you a few examples. In Asia first. China has a plan to build
    a high-speed rail system from the Chinese city of Kunming
    in southwest China to connect with Vientiane of Laos, and then, all the way down,
    to connect with Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur to the southern tip
    of the Malaysian peninsula, Singapore. Another line is from Kunming in China
    to Hanoi of Vietnam, and along the coastline of Vietnam
    to Ho Chi Minh City and turn west to connect up with Cambodia, Phnom Penh, and then, Bangkok again, and then to Myanmar, and onwards. And eventually, this pan-Asian network
    is going to be connected with the Eurasian network through China. Africa is also an interesting example. The Chinese government,
    in fact, the Premier Li Keqiang, announced last year
    that China will connect all the 54 capitals of Africa by high speed rail, eventually. And here I’ll give you an example
    of a line connecting Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia to Djibouti. Djibouti is very interesting
    because it’s of great strategic importance because it’s situated
    at the mouth of the Red Sea connecting to the Gulf of Aden
    and onwards to the Arabian Sea. And there are proposals to try to build a bridge over the stretch of land between the Arab world
    which is South Yemen to connect with East Africa. If that bridge is built,
    or if that sea tunnel is built so that the high speed rail
    can go through, then East Africa will be connected
    to the Arab world. Another interesting point
    of this line here is from Addis Ababa. There is also a proposal to build a line westwards to south Sudan, and then, still westwards
    to the Central African Republic, and then, to Cameroon
    to the coast facing the Atlantic Ocean. So imagine! Connecting the Atlantic Ocean of Cameroon
    all the way to the Arab world. Isn’t that amazing? Another amazing story
    happens in Latin America. This story is becoming true these days
    because China, Brazil, as well as Peru have signed agreements
    to do feasibility studies to build a line across the continent connecting the Atlantic coast of Brazil all the way to the Pacific coast of Peru. Not only these two countries
    are interested in this project because it is going
    to boost trade, transportation, communication, people, and so on, other neighboring countries
    are also very interested in this because they want to join into this line
    to develop the economy together. So instead of what Brazil is doing
    currently when trading with Asia, Brazil has to go through either the Panama Canal through Central America or it has to go by shipping
    through the southern tip of Latin America, and then across the Pacific Ocean
    to China, to Korea, Japan, and India. But with this line in place,
    things will speed up a lot. Beyond these three continents, there is also the proposal
    to build the world’s longest railway line by high speed rail system connecting London and New York. And this proposal has been made by both Russia and by China. And together, for example,
    Canada in agreement with the US this line can be built. The major obstacle of this line in fact the sea separating Siberia and Alaska. If something can be built,
    a sea tunnel across the Bering Strait separating Russia far to the east
    and Alaska of the USA, a distance measuring about 300 km, which is the distance about
    – for those of you who know Europe – is about 5 times
    the length of the Eurotunnel connecting Britain and France. The difficulty with this project here is the very severe,
    punishing weather in that sort of climate. I think it calls for ingenious engineers. I’m sure they can do it
    if they want to do it. So that’s a huge project there. All these projects
    are of course part and parcel of the so-called new Silk Road system that the president Xi Jinping
    announced in late 2013, consisting of two major components one by land and the other by sea, connecting some 64 countries
    along the way, representing about 60%
    of the global population, and around 30% of the global GDP,
    the global economy. So is that a new globalization
    in the making? I’d argue that it’s likely to be, although it is likely to be
    slow, incremental, instead of a big shift in terms of the change of geopolitics, a point which I’ll go to very shortly. The big question is:
    where is the money coming from? All these major mega projects,
    they’re very nice, can we share the finance of this? The Chinese have proposed,
    as you’re aware, several major regional international banks such as the Asian Infrastructure
    Investment Bank, the BRICS bank,
    or call it the New Development Bank. And also the Chinese
    have initiated his own, which is the New Silk Road Fund. All these mechanisms have
    a huge amount of money ranging from 40 billion USD in the case of Silk Road Fund to about 100 billion USD
    in terms of the authorized capitals. Apart from these regional initiatives, China’s state-owned banks can also help. Banks such as
    the Export and Import Bank of China, the China Construction Bank,
    and the China Development Bank. And in fact China Development Bank
    has surpassed the World Bank in terms of extending the amount of loans. In other words, China Development Bank
    has become the largest lender of loans to the third world
    to build infrastructure. So, here we have political will and we have some sort
    of financial support. So what are
    the implications for the world? Basically, I’ll focus on two points. One is geopolitics. There seems to be
    a new balance of power developing here. One is in Eurasia, or Central Asia, where Russia and China
    are competing for influence. The other is towards
    China’s Asia Pacific coast, is a competition or cooperation
    with the USA over influence in that area. Especially facing
    the American so called ‘Pivot to Asia’. So somehow, China has to balance between its maritime security,
    on the one hand, and also land order on the other. The second point
    I’d like to share with you is that of a new global norm in the making with these interesting features such as the focus
    on building infrastructure, on a win-win mutually
    beneficial formula by co-financing – is not only China
    but also the host countries who are building these networks
    of systems of railways – and it is led by economic growth on a little or no strings-attached formula that China is proposing. So all these major features if you like, and I’m trying to think and find an appropriate concept or a keyword to capture the spirit and essence
    of these various characteristics. And here is some food for thought for us. This is the word: Geo-Neo-functionalism. Functionalism
    because it’s led by economic growth, it’s dealing with human welfare, and it is based on the aim and the hope of building peace
    through incremental steps. And Neo, because it is, still, – despite China’s
    market measures these days – very much state-managed,
    if not controlled, system of running a political economy. And Geo, because it deals
    with Geo-politics and Geo-economics. So that’s a new word
    I’d like to share with you and five years from now,
    if you were asked, “Where did you first hear
    about this rather clumsy word?” Then you can say with full confidence that you heard it in a TED talk in Seoul. Won’t you? And secondly, I’d like you to imagine
    the future of high speed rail system. You’re familiar with this map
    that I showed you early on. Let us concentrate and focus on the area around northeast Asia. Eventually, and hopefully,
    a kind of a ring road can be built, connecting both North and South Korea, Japan, Russia, and China through high speed rail,
    and over bridges and tunnels, making the East Sea or the Sea of Japan kind of an inland lake in Northeast Asia. So I’ll share a dream with you as we’ve been talking about dreams. I dream that one day,
    we can take a high speed rail to travel from Seoul
    all the way up north to Pyongyang. And with the agreement
    of the supreme leader, we can travel all the way to London in the far west or to New York in the far east. Oh yes, it’s New York in the far east. How the world would have changed by then? And more than that,
    we don’t have to take a flight, a plane from Seoul to either Beijing
    or to Vladivostok in order to join the Euroexpress line. An initiative proposed
    by your president Madame Park, started in July and finished
    about one week ago. That’s the hope, ladies and gentlemen. Thank you for sharing
    this hope and dream with me. (Korean) Thank you. (Applause)

    Your Legislators: Light Rail (March 12, 2015)
    Articles, Blog

    Your Legislators: Light Rail (March 12, 2015)

    October 21, 2019


    >>VIEWER IS CONCERNED ABOUT
    TRAIN SERVICE FROM DULUTH TO   TRAIN SERVICE FROM DULUTH TO
    MINNEAPOLIS.   MINNEAPOLIS.
    IS THERE ANYTHING HAPPENING ON   IS THERE ANYTHING HAPPENING ON
    THAT AND THERE’S BEEN DISCUSSION   THAT AND THERE’S BEEN DISCUSSION
    OF THAT.   OF THAT.
    WHAT ABOUT YOU SENATOR SENJEM,   WHAT ABOUT YOU SENATOR SENJEM,
    WHAT DO YOU THINK?   WHAT DO YOU THINK?
    >>I DON’T KNOW ABOUT DULUTH BUT  >>I DON’T KNOW ABOUT DULUTH BUT
    THE ROCHESTER POSSIBILITY IS   THE ROCHESTER POSSIBILITY IS
    IT’S BEING RELEASED THAT WHEN   IT’S BEING RELEASED THAT WHEN
    AND IF THIS EVER HAPPENS, IT   AND IF THIS EVER HAPPENS, IT
    WILL BE A PRIVATE VENTURE WITH   WILL BE A PRIVATE VENTURE WITH
    PRIVATE MONEY TO BOTH BUILD IT   PRIVATE MONEY TO BOTH BUILD IT
    AND OPERATE IT AND ALBEIT THE   AND OPERATE IT AND ALBEIT THE
    MONEY ISN’T GOING TO BE MADE ON   MONEY ISN’T GOING TO BE MADE ON
    THE PASSION TO TRAFFIC ITSELF   THE PASSION TO TRAFFIC ITSELF
    BUT THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS   BUT THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS
    AROUND THE STOP SITES RELATE TO   AROUND THE STOP SITES RELATE TO
    DO THIS TRAIN.   DO THIS TRAIN.
    WE WERE TOLD POSSIBLY THERE WILL   WE WERE TOLD POSSIBLY THERE WILL
    BE AN ANNOUNCEMENT, AND THIS   BE AN ANNOUNCEMENT, AND THIS
    MONTH WE WILL SEE, BUT IT’S ALL   MONTH WE WILL SEE, BUT IT’S ALL
    BEING AT LEAST PORTRAYED RIGHT   BEING AT LEAST PORTRAYED RIGHT
    NOW AS A PRIVATE INVESTMENT   NOW AS A PRIVATE INVESTMENT
    ALONG THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY.   ALONG THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY.
    >>THERE DOES STILL CONTINUE TO  >>THERE DOES STILL CONTINUE TO
    BE SOME INTEREST IN INTRACITY   BE SOME INTEREST IN INTRACITY
    PASSENGER RAIL AND THE ROUTES WE   PASSENGER RAIL AND THE ROUTES WE
    HAVE STUDIED OR THE CONNECTION   HAVE STUDIED OR THE CONNECTION
    BETWEEN THE TWIN CITIES AND   BETWEEN THE TWIN CITIES AND
    CHICAGO, AND THE CONNECTION TO   CHICAGO, AND THE CONNECTION TO
    DULUTH AND NORTHERN LIGHTS   DULUTH AND NORTHERN LIGHTS
    EXPRESS.   EXPRESS.
    THE ZIP LINE, AND A LOT OF   THE ZIP LINE, AND A LOT OF
    PRELIMINARY WORK HAS BEEN DONE,   PRELIMINARY WORK HAS BEEN DONE,
    AND AS THEY LOOK AT THE   AND AS THEY LOOK AT THE
    SIGHTING.   SIGHTING.
    IT IT SLOWED DOWN SOMEWHAT BY   IT IT SLOWED DOWN SOMEWHAT BY
    THE FACT THAT THE FEDERAL   THE FACT THAT THE FEDERAL
    GOVERNMENT RIGHT NOW CAN’T SEEM   GOVERNMENT RIGHT NOW CAN’T SEEM
    TO PASS A TRANSPORTATION BILL   TO PASS A TRANSPORTATION BILL
    THAT’S LONG-TERM.   THAT’S LONG-TERM.
    WHEN JIM OBERSTAR WAS STILL   WHEN JIM OBERSTAR WAS STILL
    THERE AND CHAIRING THE   THERE AND CHAIRING THE
    COMMITTEE, HE HAD ACTUALLY A   COMMITTEE, HE HAD ACTUALLY A
    PROPOSAL ON THE TABLE WHICH   PROPOSAL ON THE TABLE WHICH
    WOULD HAVE BEEN A TEN-YEAR BILL,   WOULD HAVE BEEN A TEN-YEAR BILL,
    THAT WOULD HAVE ALLOWED STATES   THAT WOULD HAVE ALLOWED STATES
    TO PLAN, AND THAT BID INCLUDED   TO PLAN, AND THAT BID INCLUDED
    FUNDING FOR ALL MODES INCLUDING   FUNDING FOR ALL MODES INCLUDING
    INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL.   INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL.
    WE HAVE SLOWED DOWN A GREAT DEAL   WE HAVE SLOWED DOWN A GREAT DEAL
    ON THAT PLAN.   ON THAT PLAN.
    >>THE PLAN FROM DULUTH TO THE  >>THE PLAN FROM DULUTH TO THE
    TWIN CITIES WOULD NOT BE SHARING   TWIN CITIES WOULD NOT BE SHARING
    THE AMTRAK TRAIL.   THE AMTRAK TRAIL.
    >>THAT WOULD BE A POSSIBILITY  >>THAT WOULD BE A POSSIBILITY
    OF ACTUAL SUCCESS, IF YOU ARE   OF ACTUAL SUCCESS, IF YOU ARE
    PUTTING ANYTHING ON, YOU ARE   PUTTING ANYTHING ON, YOU ARE
    COMPETING WITH OIL, THE REGULAR   COMPETING WITH OIL, THE REGULAR
    FREIGHT, THE GRAIN, AND YOU KIND   FREIGHT, THE GRAIN, AND YOU KIND
    OF GET SQUEEZED OUT.   OF GET SQUEEZED OUT.
    THE REABILITY OF THAT IS WHAT   THE REABILITY OF THAT IS WHAT
    MAKES IT LESS THAN SUCCESSFUL.   MAKES IT LESS THAN SUCCESSFUL.
    YOU CAN’T COUNT ON IT TO GET   YOU CAN’T COUNT ON IT TO GET
    WHERE YOU ARE GOING ON TIME.   WHERE YOU ARE GOING ON TIME.
    ANY OF THESE WOULD HAVE TO BE   ANY OF THESE WOULD HAVE TO BE
    BETTER THAN AMTRAK, TOO, BECAUSE   BETTER THAN AMTRAK, TOO, BECAUSE
    AMTRAK CAN GET YOU WHERE YOU ARE   AMTRAK CAN GET YOU WHERE YOU ARE
    GOING ON TIME I THINK IT WILL BE   GOING ON TIME I THINK IT WILL BE
    A WHILE UNTIL WE SEE.   A WHILE UNTIL WE SEE.
    WE HAVE A SHORT LINE THAT RUNS   WE HAVE A SHORT LINE THAT RUNS
    FROM FARGO TO MORE HEAD.   FROM FARGO TO MORE HEAD.
    SOME SUGGEST WE COULD PUT A   SOME SUGGEST WE COULD PUT A
    PASSENGER ON IT.   PASSENGER ON IT.
    BUT IT’S RATED AT ABOUT 10 MILES   BUT IT’S RATED AT ABOUT 10 MILES
    PER HOUR.   PER HOUR.
    A SLOW LITTLE JOURNEY.   A SLOW LITTLE JOURNEY.
    >>AND.  >>AND.
    >>PROBABLY NOT DESTINED FOR IT.  >>PROBABLY NOT DESTINED FOR IT.
    >>AND THERE’S, I WOULD SAY,  >>AND THERE’S, I WOULD SAY,
    NOTHING SHORT OF MASSIVE   NOTHING SHORT OF MASSIVE
    RESISTANCE TO GOING OVER FARM   RESISTANCE TO GOING OVER FARM
    HAPPENED AND BREAKING NEW GROUND   HAPPENED AND BREAKING NEW GROUND
    FOR THESE.   FOR THESE.
    >>LOOKING MUCH MORE AT THE  >>LOOKING MUCH MORE AT THE
    HIGHWAY 52 CORRIDOR.   HIGHWAY 52 CORRIDOR.
    >>ANY THOUGHTS ON TRAINS?  >>ANY THOUGHTS ON TRAINS?
    >>AND I HAVE HEARD STORIES FROM  >>AND I HAVE HEARD STORIES FROM
    PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN TRAVELING   PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN TRAVELING
    BY PASSENGER RAIL.   BY PASSENGER RAIL.
    OF NOT BEING ABLE TO GET TO THE   OF NOT BEING ABLE TO GET TO THE
    LOCATION DESTINATION ON TIME,   LOCATION DESTINATION ON TIME,
    AND I DO THINK THAT THAT IS A   AND I DO THINK THAT THAT IS A
    MAJOR ISSUE THAT NEEDS TO BE   MAJOR ISSUE THAT NEEDS TO BE
    ADDRESSED, AND THE RAILS HAVE   ADDRESSED, AND THE RAILS HAVE
    BEEN TALKING ABOUT DOUBLE   BEEN TALKING ABOUT DOUBLE
    TRACKING TO RELIEF SOME OF THE   TRACKING TO RELIEF SOME OF THE
    CONGESTION ON THE RAILS, BUT   CONGESTION ON THE RAILS, BUT
    THAT CREATES MORE CONGESTION OFF   THAT CREATES MORE CONGESTION OFF
    THE RAILS TRYING TO GET ACROSS   THE RAILS TRYING TO GET ACROSS
    THE TRACKS, BECAUSE YOU ARE   THE TRACKS, BECAUSE YOU ARE
    GOING TO HAVE TWO RAILS NOW THAT   GOING TO HAVE TWO RAILS NOW THAT
    YOU ARE TRYING TO GET ACROSS.   YOU ARE TRYING TO GET ACROSS.
    THIS INCREASES THE NEED FOR   THIS INCREASES THE NEED FOR
    UNDERPASS AND THINGS OF THAT   UNDERPASS AND THINGS OF THAT
    NATURE AGAIN.   NATURE AGAIN.
    THERE’S REAL RAILROADS AND ARE A   THERE’S REAL RAILROADS AND ARE A
    SIGNIFICANT ISSUE WE ARE GOING   SIGNIFICANT ISSUE WE ARE GOING
    TO HAVE TO GRAPPLE WITH THIS   TO HAVE TO GRAPPLE WITH THIS
    SESSION.   SESSION.
    >>AND PEOPLE MAYBE GREW UP AND  >>AND PEOPLE MAYBE GREW UP AND
    TRAINS ARE ON THE DOWNHILL   TRAINS ARE ON THE DOWNHILL
    SLIDE.   SLIDE.
    SAME THING WITH CHARLIE’S, AND   SAME THING WITH CHARLIE’S, AND
    YOU LOOK AT THE EARLY HISTORY OF   YOU LOOK AT THE EARLY HISTORY OF
    THE TWIN CITIES, AND THEY HAD   THE TWIN CITIES, AND THEY HAD
    TROLLEYS EVERY MINUTE, FULL OF   TROLLEYS EVERY MINUTE, FULL OF
    PEOPLE.   PEOPLE.
    PEOPLE THINK THAT’S PRETTY   PEOPLE THINK THAT’S PRETTY
    ROMANTIC AND THEY WOULD KIND OF   ROMANTIC AND THEY WOULD KIND OF
    LIKE TO SEE THAT AGAIN.   LIKE TO SEE THAT AGAIN.
    THAT’S WHERE THE LIGHT RAIL   THAT’S WHERE THE LIGHT RAIL
    COMES IN AGAIN.   COMES IN AGAIN.
    >>AND WITH YOUNG PEOPLE, THE 20  >>AND WITH YOUNG PEOPLE, THE 20
    AND 30-YEAR-OLDS, THEY WANT IT,   AND 30-YEAR-OLDS, THEY WANT IT,
    AND THEY ARE GOING TO THE CITIES   AND THEY ARE GOING TO THE CITIES
    THAT HAVE IT.   THAT HAVE IT.
    THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY KNOWS   THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY KNOWS
    THAT’S THE GENERATION WE NEED   THAT’S THE GENERATION WE NEED
    FOR THE FUTURE.   FOR THE FUTURE.
    WE USED TO THINK OF THE CAR AS   WE USED TO THINK OF THE CAR AS
    FREEDOM, AND THEY THINK OF NO   FREEDOM, AND THEY THINK OF NO
    CAR AS FREEDOM.   CAR AS FREEDOM.
    THEY WANT TO BE ABLE TO WALK AND   THEY WANT TO BE ABLE TO WALK AND
    BIKE AND TAKE MASS TRANSIT TO   BIKE AND TAKE MASS TRANSIT TO
    LIVE WHERE THEY WORK, AND DENVER   LIVE WHERE THEY WORK, AND DENVER
    IS GETTING MORE OF THAT   IS GETTING MORE OF THAT
    POPULATION THAN WE ARE, AND THE   POPULATION THAN WE ARE, AND THE
    BUSINESS COMMUNITY NOTICES THAT,   BUSINESS COMMUNITY NOTICES THAT,
    AND AT LEAST HERE THE ST. PAUL   AND AT LEAST HERE THE ST. PAUL
    CHAMBER, THE GREATER   CHAMBER, THE GREATER
    MINNEAPOLIS, AND TWIN WEST HAVE  

    The High Speed Rail Revolution | China’s Future MEGAPROJECTS: Part 4
    Articles, Blog

    The High Speed Rail Revolution | China’s Future MEGAPROJECTS: Part 4

    October 21, 2019


    The Chinese aren’t just flying in record
    numbers, they’re falling in love all over again with the preferred method of travel
    in the 20th century, as hundreds of millions of Chinese acquire middle class status and
    the extra income to afford cars. This is presenting a relatively new challenge: heavy congestion
    on their motorways. So to tackle this problem, China has set itself apart from the rest of
    the world by embracing high speed rail at a breakneck pace. It’s goal to build a system
    with more than 35,000 kilometers of track is now more than half complete, making it
    one of the most expensive megaprojects in history. The other reason behind this plan is to allow
    people to commute to work from much farther distances than they could than if they had
    to drive, making high speed rail the key to urbanization. And because China has as much
    high speed rail as every other country combined, it will have more and more of the world’s
    largest cities. In fact, of the top 10 urban areas on Earth
    with more than 20 million people, three of them are in China—and those cities are growing
    so fast that two of the three weren’t in the top 10 last year. The explosion in high speed rail in China
    is especially mind-blowing when you consider that it was first introduced there in 2007,
    that’s less than a decade ago. Since then, daily ridership has grown from 237,000 to
    over 2.5 million. To accommodate all those passengers, it’s
    Railway Ministry has swelled, and now has the same number of employees as there are
    civilians working for the entire United States government. China got to this point under the heavy-handed
    leadership of Minister of Railways Liu Zhijun, or “Great Leap Liu,” who pushed his patriotic
    workers in shifts around the clock to plan and build rail lines as fast as possible.
    He famously said, “to achieve a great leap, a generation must be sacrificed.” Liu meant
    his workers, but when a poorly designed signaling system caused a dramatic crash on a viaduct
    high above a valley in 2011, it was clear that some of the first generation of passengers
    would be sacrificed as well. News anchor: “China’s railway system has
    been plagued with problems including corruption and quality concerns. Authorities have come
    under fire for the way they’ve handled the accident, especially when they buried several
    carriages before carrying out an investigation.” Bryce: But, despite the 40 deaths – and more
    than 200 injuries – in the Wenzhou train collision, the attempts of the government to cover the
    disaster up, and Great Leap Liu’s subsequent fall from grace, the high speed rail boom
    in China has roared on and the system is now considered to be among the safest modes of
    transportation in the entire world. It also leads the globe in annual ridership,
    has the longest single service at 2,400 km from Harbin to Wuhan and has the fastest commercially
    operated train with peak speeds of 430 km/h. Now, having successfully linked up much of
    its own country with high speed rail, China aims to do the same for the rest of the world.
    It is building systems in Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and South America, and is bidding on projects
    in Russia, Brazil, Myanmar, and the United States. Thank you very much for tuning in. Until next
    time, for The Daily Conversation, I’m Bryce Plank.

    New Phoenix light-rail stop a model for people with disabilities
    Articles, Blog

    New Phoenix light-rail stop a model for people with disabilities

    October 15, 2019


    >>>>>>THIS>>>THIS NEW>>>THIS NEW LIGHT>>>THIS NEW LIGHT RAIL>>>THIS NEW LIGHT RAIL STATION>>>THIS NEW LIGHT RAIL STATION
    IS>>>THIS NEW LIGHT RAIL STATION
    IS A>>>THIS NEW LIGHT RAIL STATION
    IS A FIRST>>>THIS NEW LIGHT RAIL STATION
    IS A FIRST FOR>>>THIS NEW LIGHT RAIL STATION
    IS A FIRST FOR PHOENIX. IS A FIRST FOR PHOENIX. IS A FIRST FOR PHOENIX.
    IT IS A FIRST FOR PHOENIX.
    IT CAN IS A FIRST FOR PHOENIX.
    IT CAN GET IS A FIRST FOR PHOENIX.
    IT CAN GET PEOPLE IS A FIRST FOR PHOENIX.
    IT CAN GET PEOPLE WITH IT CAN GET PEOPLE WITH IT CAN GET PEOPLE WITH
    DISABILITIES IT CAN GET PEOPLE WITH
    DISABILITIES WHERE IT CAN GET PEOPLE WITH
    DISABILITIES WHERE THEY IT CAN GET PEOPLE WITH
    DISABILITIES WHERE THEY NEED IT CAN GET PEOPLE WITH
    DISABILITIES WHERE THEY NEED TO DISABILITIES WHERE THEY NEED TO DISABILITIES WHERE THEY NEED TO
    GO. GO. GO.
    THERE GO.
    THERE ARE GO.
    THERE ARE PEDESTRIAN GO.
    THERE ARE PEDESTRIAN DETECTION THERE ARE PEDESTRIAN DETECTION THERE ARE PEDESTRIAN DETECTION
    SYSTEMS THERE ARE PEDESTRIAN DETECTION
    SYSTEMS THAT THERE ARE PEDESTRIAN DETECTION
    SYSTEMS THAT TRIGGER THERE ARE PEDESTRIAN DETECTION
    SYSTEMS THAT TRIGGER STOPLIGHTS SYSTEMS THAT TRIGGER STOPLIGHTS SYSTEMS THAT TRIGGER STOPLIGHTS
    AND SYSTEMS THAT TRIGGER STOPLIGHTS
    AND A SYSTEMS THAT TRIGGER STOPLIGHTS
    AND A WIDER SYSTEMS THAT TRIGGER STOPLIGHTS
    AND A WIDER PLATFORM SYSTEMS THAT TRIGGER STOPLIGHTS
    AND A WIDER PLATFORM FOR AND A WIDER PLATFORM FOR AND A WIDER PLATFORM FOR
    WHEELCHAIRS. WHEELCHAIRS. WHEELCHAIRS.
    THE WHEELCHAIRS.
    THE NEWS WHEELCHAIRS.
    THE NEWS STATION WHEELCHAIRS.
    THE NEWS STATION IS WHEELCHAIRS.
    THE NEWS STATION IS AT WHEELCHAIRS.
    THE NEWS STATION IS AT 50th WHEELCHAIRS.
    THE NEWS STATION IS AT 50th IN THE NEWS STATION IS AT 50th IN THE NEWS STATION IS AT 50th IN
    PHOENIX. PHOENIX. PHOENIX.
    THIS PHOENIX.
    THIS PROVIDES PHOENIX.
    THIS PROVIDES EXTENSIVE PHOENIX.
    THIS PROVIDES EXTENSIVE SERVICE THIS PROVIDES EXTENSIVE SERVICE THIS PROVIDES EXTENSIVE SERVICE
    TO THIS PROVIDES EXTENSIVE SERVICE
    TO THOSE THIS PROVIDES EXTENSIVE SERVICE
    TO THOSE WITH THIS PROVIDES EXTENSIVE SERVICE
    TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES THIS PROVIDES EXTENSIVE SERVICE
    TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF
    THE TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF
    THE GRAND TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF
    THE GRAND OPENING TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF
    THE GRAND OPENING IS TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF
    THE GRAND OPENING IS JUST TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF
    THE GRAND OPENING IS JUST A TO THOSE WITH DISABILITIES OF
    THE GRAND OPENING IS JUST A FEW THE GRAND OPENING IS JUST A FEW THE GRAND OPENING IS JUST A FEW
    WEEKS THE GRAND OPENING IS JUST A FEW
    WEEKS AWAY. WEEKS AWAY. WEEKS AWAY.
    WE’VE WEEKS AWAY.
    WE’VE GOT WEEKS AWAY.
    WE’VE GOT PHIL WEEKS AWAY.
    WE’VE GOT PHIL HEAR WEEKS AWAY.
    WE’VE GOT PHIL HEAR FROM WE’VE GOT PHIL HEAR FROM WE’VE GOT PHIL HEAR FROM
    ABILITY WE’VE GOT PHIL HEAR FROM
    ABILITY 360. ABILITY 360. ABILITY 360.
    YOU ABILITY 360.
    YOU ARE ABILITY 360.
    YOU ARE THE ABILITY 360.
    YOU ARE THE FOUNDER ABILITY 360.
    YOU ARE THE FOUNDER AND YOU ARE THE FOUNDER AND YOU ARE THE FOUNDER AND
    PRESIDENT YOU ARE THE FOUNDER AND
    PRESIDENT OF YOU ARE THE FOUNDER AND
    PRESIDENT OF THIS. YOU ARE THE FOUNDER AND
    PRESIDENT OF THIS. WELCOME PRESIDENT OF THIS. WELCOME PRESIDENT OF THIS. WELCOME
    BACK. BACK. BACK.
    SO BACK.
    SO TELL BACK.
    SO TELL US BACK.
    SO TELL US A BACK.
    SO TELL US A LITTLE BACK.
    SO TELL US A LITTLE BIT BACK.
    SO TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT SO TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT SO TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT
    WHAT SO TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT
    WHAT ABILITY SO TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT
    WHAT ABILITY 360 SO TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT
    WHAT ABILITY 360 DOES. WHAT ABILITY 360 DOES. WHAT ABILITY 360 DOES.
    >>WHAT ABILITY 360 DOES.
    >>WE WHAT ABILITY 360 DOES.
    >>WE ARE WHAT ABILITY 360 DOES.
    >>WE ARE A WHAT ABILITY 360 DOES.
    >>WE ARE A NONPROFIT>>WE ARE A NONPROFIT>>WE ARE A NONPROFIT
    ORGANIZATION>>WE ARE A NONPROFIT
    ORGANIZATION THAT>>WE ARE A NONPROFIT
    ORGANIZATION THAT PROVIDES>>WE ARE A NONPROFIT
    ORGANIZATION THAT PROVIDES A ORGANIZATION THAT PROVIDES A ORGANIZATION THAT PROVIDES A
    BROAD ORGANIZATION THAT PROVIDES A
    BROAD ARRAY ORGANIZATION THAT PROVIDES A
    BROAD ARRAY OF ORGANIZATION THAT PROVIDES A
    BROAD ARRAY OF PROGRAMS ORGANIZATION THAT PROVIDES A
    BROAD ARRAY OF PROGRAMS FOR BROAD ARRAY OF PROGRAMS FOR BROAD ARRAY OF PROGRAMS FOR
    THOSE BROAD ARRAY OF PROGRAMS FOR
    THOSE WITH BROAD ARRAY OF PROGRAMS FOR
    THOSE WITH DISABILITIES. THOSE WITH DISABILITIES. THOSE WITH DISABILITIES.
    WE THOSE WITH DISABILITIES.
    WE HAVE THOSE WITH DISABILITIES.
    WE HAVE COMMUNITY-BASED THOSE WITH DISABILITIES.
    WE HAVE COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICE WE HAVE COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICE WE HAVE COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICE
    PROGRAMS, WE HAVE COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICE
    PROGRAMS, INDEPENDENT WE HAVE COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICE
    PROGRAMS, INDEPENDENT LIVING PROGRAMS, INDEPENDENT LIVING PROGRAMS, INDEPENDENT LIVING
    SKILLS, PROGRAMS, INDEPENDENT LIVING
    SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS. SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS. SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS.
    IF SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS.
    IF IT SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS.
    IF IT IS SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS.
    IF IT IS DONE, SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS.
    IF IT IS DONE, WE SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS.
    IF IT IS DONE, WE DO SKILLS, MODIFICATIONS.
    IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT. IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT. IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT.
    >>IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT.
    >>IT IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT.
    >>IT SEEMS IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT.
    >>IT SEEMS LIKE IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT.
    >>IT SEEMS LIKE IT IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT.
    >>IT SEEMS LIKE IT HAS IF IT IS DONE, WE DO IT.
    >>IT SEEMS LIKE IT HAS BECOME>>IT SEEMS LIKE IT HAS BECOME>>IT SEEMS LIKE IT HAS BECOME
    THE>>IT SEEMS LIKE IT HAS BECOME
    THE HEADQUARTERS>>IT SEEMS LIKE IT HAS BECOME
    THE HEADQUARTERS FOR>>IT SEEMS LIKE IT HAS BECOME
    THE HEADQUARTERS FOR ANYBODY THE HEADQUARTERS FOR ANYBODY THE HEADQUARTERS FOR ANYBODY
    WITH THE HEADQUARTERS FOR ANYBODY
    WITH A THE HEADQUARTERS FOR ANYBODY
    WITH A DISABILITY. WITH A DISABILITY. WITH A DISABILITY.
    >>WITH A DISABILITY.
    >>YES.>>YES.>>YES.
    AND>>YES.
    AND THERE>>YES.
    AND THERE ARE>>YES.
    AND THERE ARE NINE>>YES.
    AND THERE ARE NINE OTHER AND THERE ARE NINE OTHER AND THERE ARE NINE OTHER
    ORGANIZATIONS AND THERE ARE NINE OTHER
    ORGANIZATIONS THAT AND THERE ARE NINE OTHER
    ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE
    NONPROFITS ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE
    NONPROFITS AND ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE
    NONPROFITS AND ARE ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE
    NONPROFITS AND ARE CO-LOCATED NONPROFITS AND ARE CO-LOCATED NONPROFITS AND ARE CO-LOCATED
    WITH NONPROFITS AND ARE CO-LOCATED
    WITH US. WITH US. WITH US.
    THEY WITH US.
    THEY ALL WITH US.
    THEY ALL HAVE WITH US.
    THEY ALL HAVE AS WITH US.
    THEY ALL HAVE AS THEIR WITH US.
    THEY ALL HAVE AS THEIR MISSION THEY ALL HAVE AS THEIR MISSION THEY ALL HAVE AS THEIR MISSION
    THAT THEY ALL HAVE AS THEIR MISSION
    THAT THEY THEY ALL HAVE AS THEIR MISSION
    THAT THEY ARE THEY ALL HAVE AS THEIR MISSION
    THAT THEY ARE PROVIDING THAT THEY ARE PROVIDING THAT THEY ARE PROVIDING
    SERVICES THAT THEY ARE PROVIDING
    SERVICES TO THAT THEY ARE PROVIDING
    SERVICES TO PEOPLE THAT THEY ARE PROVIDING
    SERVICES TO PEOPLE WITH SERVICES TO PEOPLE WITH SERVICES TO PEOPLE WITH
    DISABILITIES. DISABILITIES. DISABILITIES.
    >>DISABILITIES.
    >>THIS DISABILITIES.
    >>THIS IS DISABILITIES.
    >>THIS IS INTERESTING DISABILITIES.
    >>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,>>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,>>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,
    IN>>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,
    IN THE>>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,
    IN THE PAST,>>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,
    IN THE PAST, YOU>>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,
    IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD>>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,
    IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE>>THIS IS INTERESTING BECAUSE,
    IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE A IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE A IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE A
    LIGHT IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE A
    LIGHT RAIL IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE A
    LIGHT RAIL AND IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE A
    LIGHT RAIL AND THERE IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE A
    LIGHT RAIL AND THERE WERE IN THE PAST, YOU WOULD SEE A
    LIGHT RAIL AND THERE WERE HILLS LIGHT RAIL AND THERE WERE HILLS LIGHT RAIL AND THERE WERE HILLS
    AND LIGHT RAIL AND THERE WERE HILLS
    AND STEPS LIGHT RAIL AND THERE WERE HILLS
    AND STEPS GETTING LIGHT RAIL AND THERE WERE HILLS
    AND STEPS GETTING TO LIGHT RAIL AND THERE WERE HILLS
    AND STEPS GETTING TO THEM. AND STEPS GETTING TO THEM. AND STEPS GETTING TO THEM.
    THAT AND STEPS GETTING TO THEM.
    THAT WON’T AND STEPS GETTING TO THEM.
    THAT WON’T WORK AND STEPS GETTING TO THEM.
    THAT WON’T WORK WELL AND STEPS GETTING TO THEM.
    THAT WON’T WORK WELL FOR AND STEPS GETTING TO THEM.
    THAT WON’T WORK WELL FOR THOSE THAT WON’T WORK WELL FOR THOSE THAT WON’T WORK WELL FOR THOSE
    WITH THAT WON’T WORK WELL FOR THOSE
    WITH DISABILITIES. WITH DISABILITIES. WITH DISABILITIES.
    >>WITH DISABILITIES.
    >>THAT’S WITH DISABILITIES.
    >>THAT’S RIGHT.>>THAT’S RIGHT.>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    BACK>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    BACK WHEN>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    BACK WHEN WE>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT THE BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT THE BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT THE
    PROPERTY BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT THE
    PROPERTY IN BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT THE
    PROPERTY IN 2005 BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT THE
    PROPERTY IN 2005 WE BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT THE
    PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW BACK WHEN WE BOUGHT THE
    PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT
    THERE PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT
    THERE WAS PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT
    THERE WAS NOT PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT
    THERE WAS NOT A PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT
    THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT
    THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL PROPERTY IN 2005 WE KNEW THAT
    THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP
    PLANNED THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP
    PLANNED TO THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP
    PLANNED TO BE THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP
    PLANNED TO BE THERE THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP
    PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP
    PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE THERE WAS NOT A LIGHT RAIL STOP
    PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST
    KIND PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST
    KIND OF, PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST
    KIND OF, AS PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST
    KIND OF, AS A PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST
    KIND OF, AS A LEAP PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST
    KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST
    KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF FAITH, PLANNED TO BE THERE BUT WE JUST
    KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF FAITH, WE KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF FAITH, WE KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF FAITH, WE
    THOUGHT KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF FAITH, WE
    THOUGHT WE KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF FAITH, WE
    THOUGHT WE WOULD KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF FAITH, WE
    THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE KIND OF, AS A LEAP OF FAITH, WE
    THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR
    CHANCES THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR
    CHANCES AND THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR
    CHANCES AND SEE THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR
    CHANCES AND SEE IF THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR
    CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR
    CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE WE THOUGHT WE WOULD TAKE OUR
    CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE WE GOT CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE WE GOT CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE WE GOT
    THE CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE WE GOT
    THE PROPERTY CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE WE GOT
    THE PROPERTY BUILT CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE WE GOT
    THE PROPERTY BUILT IN CHANCES AND SEE IF ONCE WE GOT
    THE PROPERTY BUILT IN THE THE PROPERTY BUILT IN THE THE PROPERTY BUILT IN THE
    QUARTER THE PROPERTY BUILT IN THE
    QUARTER DEVELOPS THE PROPERTY BUILT IN THE
    QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT THE PROPERTY BUILT IN THE
    QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE THE PROPERTY BUILT IN THE
    QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE WOULD QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE WOULD QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE WOULD
    SEE QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE WOULD
    SEE IF QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE WOULD
    SEE IF WE QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE WOULD
    SEE IF WE COULD QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE WOULD
    SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE QUARTER DEVELOPS THAT WE WOULD
    SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE FOR SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE FOR SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE FOR
    ONE SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE FOR
    ONE AND SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE FOR
    ONE AND THAT SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE FOR
    ONE AND THAT IS SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE FOR
    ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY SEE IF WE COULD ADVOCATE FOR
    ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT
    WE ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT
    WE DID ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT
    WE DID AND ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT
    WE DID AND HERE ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT
    WE DID AND HERE WE ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT
    WE DID AND HERE WE ARE ONE AND THAT IS ULTIMATELY WHAT
    WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY. WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY. WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY.
    >>WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY.
    >>SO WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY.
    >>SO IT WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY.
    >>SO IT WASN’T WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY.
    >>SO IT WASN’T THERE WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY.
    >>SO IT WASN’T THERE AT WE DID AND HERE WE ARE TODAY.
    >>SO IT WASN’T THERE AT THE>>SO IT WASN’T THERE AT THE>>SO IT WASN’T THERE AT THE
    TIME? TIME? TIME?
    >>TIME?
    >>NO.>>NO.>>NO.
    >>>>NO.
    >>SO>>NO.
    >>SO HOW>>NO.
    >>SO HOW DID>>NO.
    >>SO HOW DID YOU>>NO.
    >>SO HOW DID YOU ACTUALLY>>NO.
    >>SO HOW DID YOU ACTUALLY GET>>SO HOW DID YOU ACTUALLY GET>>SO HOW DID YOU ACTUALLY GET
    THAT>>SO HOW DID YOU ACTUALLY GET
    THAT DEAL>>SO HOW DID YOU ACTUALLY GET
    THAT DEAL DONE>>SO HOW DID YOU ACTUALLY GET
    THAT DEAL DONE THERE? THAT DEAL DONE THERE? THAT DEAL DONE THERE?
    >>THAT DEAL DONE THERE?
    >>A THAT DEAL DONE THERE?
    >>A LOT THAT DEAL DONE THERE?
    >>A LOT OF THAT DEAL DONE THERE?
    >>A LOT OF ADVOCACY THAT DEAL DONE THERE?
    >>A LOT OF ADVOCACY WITH THAT DEAL DONE THERE?
    >>A LOT OF ADVOCACY WITH CITY>>A LOT OF ADVOCACY WITH CITY>>A LOT OF ADVOCACY WITH CITY
    COUNCIL,>>A LOT OF ADVOCACY WITH CITY
    COUNCIL, THE>>A LOT OF ADVOCACY WITH CITY
    COUNCIL, THE MAYORS>>A LOT OF ADVOCACY WITH CITY
    COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE>>A LOT OF ADVOCACY WITH CITY
    COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND
    WE COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND
    WE GOT COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND
    WE GOT A COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND
    WE GOT A LOT COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND
    WE GOT A LOT OF COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND
    WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT COUNCIL, THE MAYORS OFFICE AND
    WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM
    THE WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM
    THE FORMER WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM
    THE FORMER MAYOR WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM
    THE FORMER MAYOR AND WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM
    THE FORMER MAYOR AND THE WE GOT A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM
    THE FORMER MAYOR AND THE ENTIRE THE FORMER MAYOR AND THE ENTIRE THE FORMER MAYOR AND THE ENTIRE
    CITY THE FORMER MAYOR AND THE ENTIRE
    CITY COUNCIL. CITY COUNCIL. CITY COUNCIL.
    THEY CITY COUNCIL.
    THEY REALIZED, CITY COUNCIL.
    THEY REALIZED, WHAT CITY COUNCIL.
    THEY REALIZED, WHAT IS CITY COUNCIL.
    THEY REALIZED, WHAT IS IT CITY COUNCIL.
    THEY REALIZED, WHAT IS IT WORTH THEY REALIZED, WHAT IS IT WORTH THEY REALIZED, WHAT IS IT WORTH
    HAVING THEY REALIZED, WHAT IS IT WORTH
    HAVING THIS THEY REALIZED, WHAT IS IT WORTH
    HAVING THIS WORLD-CLASS THEY REALIZED, WHAT IS IT WORTH
    HAVING THIS WORLD-CLASS FACILITY HAVING THIS WORLD-CLASS FACILITY HAVING THIS WORLD-CLASS FACILITY
    AT HAVING THIS WORLD-CLASS FACILITY
    AT 50th HAVING THIS WORLD-CLASS FACILITY
    AT 50th STREET HAVING THIS WORLD-CLASS FACILITY
    AT 50th STREET IN HAVING THIS WORLD-CLASS FACILITY
    AT 50th STREET IN WASHINGTON AT 50th STREET IN WASHINGTON AT 50th STREET IN WASHINGTON
    THAT AT 50th STREET IN WASHINGTON
    THAT SERVES AT 50th STREET IN WASHINGTON
    THAT SERVES SO AT 50th STREET IN WASHINGTON
    THAT SERVES SO MANY AT 50th STREET IN WASHINGTON
    THAT SERVES SO MANY THOUSANDS THAT SERVES SO MANY THOUSANDS THAT SERVES SO MANY THOUSANDS
    OF THAT SERVES SO MANY THOUSANDS
    OF PEOPLE THAT SERVES SO MANY THOUSANDS
    OF PEOPLE WITH THAT SERVES SO MANY THOUSANDS
    OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
    EVERY OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
    EVERY YEAR. EVERY YEAR. EVERY YEAR.
    AND EVERY YEAR.
    AND THEY EVERY YEAR.
    AND THEY CAN’T EVERY YEAR.
    AND THEY CAN’T GET EVERY YEAR.
    AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE. AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE. AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE.
    >>AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE.
    >>IT AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE.
    >>IT IS AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE.
    >>IT IS THE AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE.
    >>IT IS THE FIRST AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE.
    >>IT IS THE FIRST STOP AND THEY CAN’T GET THERE.
    >>IT IS THE FIRST STOP THAT>>IT IS THE FIRST STOP THAT>>IT IS THE FIRST STOP THAT
    HAS>>IT IS THE FIRST STOP THAT
    HAS BEEN>>IT IS THE FIRST STOP THAT
    HAS BEEN BILLED>>IT IS THE FIRST STOP THAT
    HAS BEEN BILLED SINCE>>IT IS THE FIRST STOP THAT
    HAS BEEN BILLED SINCE LIGHT HAS BEEN BILLED SINCE LIGHT HAS BEEN BILLED SINCE LIGHT
    RAIL HAS BEEN BILLED SINCE LIGHT
    RAIL WAS HAS BEEN BILLED SINCE LIGHT
    RAIL WAS CREATED. RAIL WAS CREATED. RAIL WAS CREATED.
    >>RAIL WAS CREATED.
    >>THAT’S RAIL WAS CREATED.
    >>THAT’S RIGHT.>>THAT’S RIGHT.>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    >>>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    >>WHERE>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    >>WHERE DID>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    >>WHERE DID THE>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    >>WHERE DID THE MONEY>>THAT’S RIGHT.
    >>WHERE DID THE MONEY COME>>WHERE DID THE MONEY COME>>WHERE DID THE MONEY COME
    FROM? FROM? FROM?
    FROM FROM?
    FROM ANOTHER FROM?
    FROM ANOTHER INITIATIVE FROM?
    FROM ANOTHER INITIATIVE IF FROM?
    FROM ANOTHER INITIATIVE IF YOU FROM ANOTHER INITIATIVE IF YOU FROM ANOTHER INITIATIVE IF YOU
    YEARS FROM ANOTHER INITIATIVE IF YOU
    YEARS AGO. YEARS AGO. YEARS AGO.
    THE YEARS AGO.
    THE PLANNING, YEARS AGO.
    THE PLANNING, HOW YEARS AGO.
    THE PLANNING, HOW DO YEARS AGO.
    THE PLANNING, HOW DO THAT YEARS AGO.
    THE PLANNING, HOW DO THAT ALL THE PLANNING, HOW DO THAT ALL THE PLANNING, HOW DO THAT ALL
    COME THE PLANNING, HOW DO THAT ALL
    COME TOGETHER? COME TOGETHER? COME TOGETHER?
    >>COME TOGETHER?
    >>ONCE COME TOGETHER?
    >>ONCE WE COME TOGETHER?
    >>ONCE WE GET COME TOGETHER?
    >>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, COME TOGETHER?
    >>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE COME TOGETHER?
    >>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE SAT>>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE SAT>>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE SAT
    DOWN>>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE SAT
    DOWN WITH>>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE SAT
    DOWN WITH THE>>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE SAT
    DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS>>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE SAT
    DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND>>ONCE WE GET APPROVAL, HE SAT
    DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND THE DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND THE DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND THE
    DESIGNERS DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND THE
    DESIGNERS AND DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND THE
    DESIGNERS AND WE DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND THE
    DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND THE
    DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD THEM DOWN WITH THE ARCHITECTS AND THE
    DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD THEM ALL DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD THEM ALL DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD THEM ALL
    THE DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD THEM ALL
    THE THINGS DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD THEM ALL
    THE THINGS WE DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD THEM ALL
    THE THINGS WE FELT DESIGNERS AND WE TOLD THEM ALL
    THE THINGS WE FELT REALLY THE THINGS WE FELT REALLY THE THINGS WE FELT REALLY
    NEEDED THE THINGS WE FELT REALLY
    NEEDED TO THE THINGS WE FELT REALLY
    NEEDED TO BE THE THINGS WE FELT REALLY
    NEEDED TO BE IN THE THINGS WE FELT REALLY
    NEEDED TO BE IN THERE. NEEDED TO BE IN THERE. NEEDED TO BE IN THERE.
    THEY NEEDED TO BE IN THERE.
    THEY INCLUDED NEEDED TO BE IN THERE.
    THEY INCLUDED A NEEDED TO BE IN THERE.
    THEY INCLUDED A WIDER NEEDED TO BE IN THERE.
    THEY INCLUDED A WIDER PLATFORM THEY INCLUDED A WIDER PLATFORM THEY INCLUDED A WIDER PLATFORM
    SO THEY INCLUDED A WIDER PLATFORM
    SO THAT THEY INCLUDED A WIDER PLATFORM
    SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS THEY INCLUDED A WIDER PLATFORM
    SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS COULD THEY INCLUDED A WIDER PLATFORM
    SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS COULD GET SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS COULD GET SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS COULD GET
    INTO SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS COULD GET
    INTO YEAH. SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS COULD GET
    INTO YEAH. THEY SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS COULD GET
    INTO YEAH. THEY MADE SO THAT WHEELCHAIRS COULD GET
    INTO YEAH. THEY MADE VERY INTO YEAH. THEY MADE VERY INTO YEAH. THEY MADE VERY
    SLIGHT INTO YEAH. THEY MADE VERY
    SLIGHT INCLINES INTO YEAH. THEY MADE VERY
    SLIGHT INCLINES ON INTO YEAH. THEY MADE VERY
    SLIGHT INCLINES ON THE INTO YEAH. THEY MADE VERY
    SLIGHT INCLINES ON THE SLOPE SLIGHT INCLINES ON THE SLOPE SLIGHT INCLINES ON THE SLOPE
    LEADING SLIGHT INCLINES ON THE SLOPE
    LEADING TO SLIGHT INCLINES ON THE SLOPE
    LEADING TO THE SLIGHT INCLINES ON THE SLOPE
    LEADING TO THE PLATFORM. LEADING TO THE PLATFORM. LEADING TO THE PLATFORM.
    LIKE LEADING TO THE PLATFORM.
    LIKE YOU LEADING TO THE PLATFORM.
    LIKE YOU MENTIONED, LEADING TO THE PLATFORM.
    LIKE YOU MENTIONED, THEY LEADING TO THE PLATFORM.
    LIKE YOU MENTIONED, THEY HAVE LIKE YOU MENTIONED, THEY HAVE LIKE YOU MENTIONED, THEY HAVE
    MOTION LIKE YOU MENTIONED, THEY HAVE
    MOTION DETECTION LIKE YOU MENTIONED, THEY HAVE
    MOTION DETECTION SIGNALS. MOTION DETECTION SIGNALS. MOTION DETECTION SIGNALS.
    SO MOTION DETECTION SIGNALS.
    SO IF MOTION DETECTION SIGNALS.
    SO IF SOMEONE MOTION DETECTION SIGNALS.
    SO IF SOMEONE IS MOTION DETECTION SIGNALS.
    SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND MOTION DETECTION SIGNALS.
    SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND IS SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND IS SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND IS
    TRYING SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND IS
    TRYING TO SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND IS
    TRYING TO FIND SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND IS
    TRYING TO FIND WHERE SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND IS
    TRYING TO FIND WHERE TO SO IF SOMEONE IS BLIND IS
    TRYING TO FIND WHERE TO PUSH TRYING TO FIND WHERE TO PUSH TRYING TO FIND WHERE TO PUSH
    THE TRYING TO FIND WHERE TO PUSH
    THE BUTTON TRYING TO FIND WHERE TO PUSH
    THE BUTTON TO TRYING TO FIND WHERE TO PUSH
    THE BUTTON TO ACTIVATE TRYING TO FIND WHERE TO PUSH
    THE BUTTON TO ACTIVATE THE THE BUTTON TO ACTIVATE THE THE BUTTON TO ACTIVATE THE
    STREETLIGHT THE BUTTON TO ACTIVATE THE
    STREETLIGHT TO THE BUTTON TO ACTIVATE THE
    STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE BUTTON TO ACTIVATE THE
    STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE THE BUTTON TO ACTIVATE THE
    STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE STREET, STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE STREET, STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE STREET,
    THEY STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE STREET,
    THEY WON’T STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE STREET,
    THEY WON’T NEED STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE STREET,
    THEY WON’T NEED TO STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE STREET,
    THEY WON’T NEED TO DO STREETLIGHT TO CROSS THE STREET,
    THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT. THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT. THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT.
    IT THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT.
    IT WILL THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT.
    IT WILL SEE THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT.
    IT WILL SEE THEM THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT.
    IT WILL SEE THEM THERE THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT.
    IT WILL SEE THEM THERE AND THEY WON’T NEED TO DO THAT.
    IT WILL SEE THEM THERE AND IT IT WILL SEE THEM THERE AND IT IT WILL SEE THEM THERE AND IT
    WILL IT WILL SEE THEM THERE AND IT
    WILL DETECT IT WILL SEE THEM THERE AND IT
    WILL DETECT THEM IT WILL SEE THEM THERE AND IT
    WILL DETECT THEM AND IT WILL SEE THEM THERE AND IT
    WILL DETECT THEM AND THE WILL DETECT THEM AND THE WILL DETECT THEM AND THE
    STREETLIGHT WILL DETECT THEM AND THE
    STREETLIGHT WILL WILL DETECT THEM AND THE
    STREETLIGHT WILL CHANGE. STREETLIGHT WILL CHANGE. STREETLIGHT WILL CHANGE.
    AND, STREETLIGHT WILL CHANGE.
    AND, THE STREETLIGHT WILL CHANGE.
    AND, THE SHADING. AND, THE SHADING. AND, THE SHADING.
    THEY AND, THE SHADING.
    THEY DID AND, THE SHADING.
    THEY DID ALL AND, THE SHADING.
    THEY DID ALL OF AND, THE SHADING.
    THEY DID ALL OF THE THEY DID ALL OF THE THEY DID ALL OF THE
    ARCHITECTURAL THEY DID ALL OF THE
    ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN THEY DID ALL OF THE
    ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND THEY DID ALL OF THE
    ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND CREATED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND CREATED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND CREATED
    SOME ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND CREATED
    SOME WONDERFUL ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND CREATED
    SOME WONDERFUL SHADING. SOME WONDERFUL SHADING. SOME WONDERFUL SHADING.
    MANY SOME WONDERFUL SHADING.
    MANY PEOPLE SOME WONDERFUL SHADING.
    MANY PEOPLE WITH SOME WONDERFUL SHADING.
    MANY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES MANY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES MANY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
    HAVE MANY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
    HAVE SENSITIVITY MANY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
    HAVE SENSITIVITY TO MANY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
    HAVE SENSITIVITY TO THE MANY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
    HAVE SENSITIVITY TO THE HEAT. HAVE SENSITIVITY TO THE HEAT. HAVE SENSITIVITY TO THE HEAT.
    THE HAVE SENSITIVITY TO THE HEAT.
    THE DESIGN HAVE SENSITIVITY TO THE HEAT.
    THE DESIGN WILL HAVE SENSITIVITY TO THE HEAT.
    THE DESIGN WILL HELP HAVE SENSITIVITY TO THE HEAT.
    THE DESIGN WILL HELP FOLKS THE DESIGN WILL HELP FOLKS THE DESIGN WILL HELP FOLKS
    SIGNIFICANTLY. SIGNIFICANTLY. SIGNIFICANTLY.
    >>SIGNIFICANTLY.
    >>MOTION SIGNIFICANTLY.
    >>MOTION DETECTION SIGNIFICANTLY.
    >>MOTION DETECTION IS SIGNIFICANTLY.
    >>MOTION DETECTION IS REALLY>>MOTION DETECTION IS REALLY>>MOTION DETECTION IS REALLY
    INTERESTING. INTERESTING. INTERESTING.
    THERE INTERESTING.
    THERE ARE INTERESTING.
    THERE ARE CAMERAS INTERESTING.
    THERE ARE CAMERAS EVERYWHERE. THERE ARE CAMERAS EVERYWHERE. THERE ARE CAMERAS EVERYWHERE.
    >>THERE ARE CAMERAS EVERYWHERE.
    >>IT THERE ARE CAMERAS EVERYWHERE.
    >>IT IS THERE ARE CAMERAS EVERYWHERE.
    >>IT IS ACTUALLY THERE ARE CAMERAS EVERYWHERE.
    >>IT IS ACTUALLY CAMERA>>IT IS ACTUALLY CAMERA>>IT IS ACTUALLY CAMERA
    DETECTION. DETECTION. DETECTION.
    >>DETECTION.
    >>SO DETECTION.
    >>SO COULD DETECTION.
    >>SO COULD THIS DETECTION.
    >>SO COULD THIS BE DETECTION.
    >>SO COULD THIS BE A DETECTION.
    >>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL DETECTION.
    >>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL FOR>>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL FOR>>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL FOR
    FUTURE>>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL FOR
    FUTURE STOPS>>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL FOR
    FUTURE STOPS IN>>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL FOR
    FUTURE STOPS IN THE>>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL FOR
    FUTURE STOPS IN THE VALLEY>>SO COULD THIS BE A MODEL FOR
    FUTURE STOPS IN THE VALLEY AND FUTURE STOPS IN THE VALLEY AND FUTURE STOPS IN THE VALLEY AND
    AROUND FUTURE STOPS IN THE VALLEY AND
    AROUND THE FUTURE STOPS IN THE VALLEY AND
    AROUND THE COUNTRY? AROUND THE COUNTRY? AROUND THE COUNTRY?
    >>AROUND THE COUNTRY?
    >>I AROUND THE COUNTRY?
    >>I THINK AROUND THE COUNTRY?
    >>I THINK IT AROUND THE COUNTRY?
    >>I THINK IT WILL AROUND THE COUNTRY?
    >>I THINK IT WILL BE.>>I THINK IT WILL BE.>>I THINK IT WILL BE.
    I>>I THINK IT WILL BE.
    I THINK>>I THINK IT WILL BE.
    I THINK ONCE>>I THINK IT WILL BE.
    I THINK ONCE WE>>I THINK IT WILL BE.
    I THINK ONCE WE START>>I THINK IT WILL BE.
    I THINK ONCE WE START STAYING I THINK ONCE WE START STAYING I THINK ONCE WE START STAYING
    MORE I THINK ONCE WE START STAYING
    MORE STATIONS I THINK ONCE WE START STAYING
    MORE STATIONS LIKE I THINK ONCE WE START STAYING
    MORE STATIONS LIKE THIS I THINK ONCE WE START STAYING
    MORE STATIONS LIKE THIS BEING MORE STATIONS LIKE THIS BEING MORE STATIONS LIKE THIS BEING
    BUILT. BUILT. BUILT.
    IT BUILT.
    IT REALLY BUILT.
    IT REALLY IS BUILT.
    IT REALLY IS NOT BUILT.
    IT REALLY IS NOT ANYMORE IT REALLY IS NOT ANYMORE IT REALLY IS NOT ANYMORE
    EXPENSIVE IT REALLY IS NOT ANYMORE
    EXPENSIVE TO IT REALLY IS NOT ANYMORE
    EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT REALLY IS NOT ANYMORE
    EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT IT REALLY IS NOT ANYMORE
    EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS IT REALLY IS NOT ANYMORE
    EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY. EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY. EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY.
    ONCE EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY.
    ONCE IT EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY.
    ONCE IT IS EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY.
    ONCE IT IS DESIGNED EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY.
    ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY.
    ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, EXPENSIVE TO BUILD IT THIS WAY.
    ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, I ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, I ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, I
    THINK ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, I
    THINK THEY ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, I
    THINK THEY WILL ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, I
    THINK THEY WILL DO ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, I
    THINK THEY WILL DO THEM ONCE IT IS DESIGNED IN FIRST, I
    THINK THEY WILL DO THEM ALL THINK THEY WILL DO THEM ALL THINK THEY WILL DO THEM ALL
    THIS THINK THEY WILL DO THEM ALL
    THIS WAY. THIS WAY. THIS WAY.
    >>THIS WAY.
    >>WHEN THIS WAY.
    >>WHEN IS THIS WAY.
    >>WHEN IS THE THIS WAY.
    >>WHEN IS THE GRAND THIS WAY.
    >>WHEN IS THE GRAND OPENING?>>WHEN IS THE GRAND OPENING?>>WHEN IS THE GRAND OPENING?
    >>>>WHEN IS THE GRAND OPENING?
    >>APRIL>>WHEN IS THE GRAND OPENING?
    >>APRIL 24.>>APRIL 24.>>APRIL 24.
    >>>>APRIL 24.
    >>THANK>>APRIL 24.
    >>THANK YOU,>>APRIL 24.
    >>THANK YOU, SO>>APRIL 24.
    >>THANK YOU, SO MUCH,>>APRIL 24.
    >>THANK YOU, SO MUCH, FOR>>THANK YOU, SO MUCH, FOR>>THANK YOU, SO MUCH, FOR
    JOINING