Browsing Tag: nature

    Ice
    Articles, Blog

    Ice

    October 17, 2019


    You probably don’t give much thought to
    ice unless you’re thinking of ice skating in the winter or cooling a beverage in the
    summer. Ice is abundant not only on Earth but throughout
    the solar system. Here in Wyoming, we appreciate the many forms
    of ice – from snowflakes to glaciers. Ice is formed when there is a phase transformation
    of water from liquid to solid. Ice can also form when there is a direct transformation
    from vapor to solid. This phase change will leave your lawn a frosty
    white or require you to scrape the frost off of your windshield. The types of ice are various and include:
    glaciers, ice sheets, sea ice, icebergs, snowflakes, hail, frost, icicles and ice spikes. The formation of ice can be beneficial or
    harmful to living organisms. Because ice has a lower density than water,
    it floats. This helps protect organisms living in the
    water by insulating them from the harsh conditions above. Ice formation can also be very destructive. If ice forms in cells, the crystals expand
    and shatter the cells. If the damage is extensive enough, the organism
    dies. Before the advent of modern refrigeration,
    ice was a very valuable resource and was harvested and stored through the summer. We don’t need to harvest ice anymore but
    we still rely on the formation of ice for many of our winter activities. From the University of Wyoming Extension,
    I’m Mae Smith, Exploring the Nature of Wyoming.

    Biomimicry (explained with drawings & examples)
    Articles, Blog

    Biomimicry (explained with drawings & examples)

    October 16, 2019


    Hi Alex here. In today’s video we’re
    going to talk about biomimicry. What is it? Bio means life; Mimicry means imitate; so biomimicry is the practice of imitating life. It looks to nature to provide
    inspiration and direction to sustainably solve our most pressing challenges. It
    is innovation inspired by nature. Human beings are clever. We’ve created city’s, economies and whole societies but at the same time and without meaning to we’ve also created massive sustainability challenges for future generations and ourselves. Biomimicry is a way to
    address these problems by creating policies, products and processes that are
    adapted to life on Earth. The idea goes like this… Plants, animals and microbes are
    amazing. They have spent billions of years engineering and testing ways to thrive
    on the planet. Three point eight billion years to be precise. That’s a lot of research and development! After all this R&D, what did not work does not exist anymore and what surrounds us has learned to survive. Solutions to
    challenges large and small are all around us. We just need to look. Here are
    two examples: Sustainable energy provision is a massive sustainability challenge. The race is on to find economically viable sustainable energy solutions. Biomimicry asks “what could we learn from nature that could help us
    produce sustainable energy or make more efficient the current alternative technologies that are already out there?” Seemingly large and unwieldy humpback
    whales display surprising agility in the water. This is due mainly to their flippers
    which have large irregular bumps called “tubercules” across their leading edges. Inspired by these flippers, a company called WhalePower has developed turbine
    blades with bumps called tubercules on the leading edge. These blades promise greater efficiency in many applications from wind turbines to hydroelectric turbines, to irrigation pumps, to ventilation fans. In
    fact, using these blades to catch wind could provide up to 20% increased
    efficiency, making this type of alternative energy competitive with
    other energy sources. Thank you humpback whales! Here is another example of Biomimicry in action. The Shinkansen bullet train is one of the fastest trains in the world. Offering high-speed travel between several of Japan’s
    metropolitan areas, it used to travel over 200 miles per hour. But every time the train emerged from a
    tunnel, air pressure changes made a sonic boom like a large thunderclap
    causing people one quarter mile away who lived along the train line to
    complain. Japan has strict noise pollution laws so this had to be solved. The train’s chief engineer was a dedicated birdwatcher. He asked himself: “is there
    something in nature that travels quickly and smoothly between two different
    mediums?” The Kingfisher dives from the air into water to catch fish and produces almost no splash at all compared to similar sized birds or
    animals. Modelling the front end of the train after the beak of Kingfishers
    resulted in a quieter train, one that uses 15 percent less electricity while traveling 10 percent faster. By emulating nature, the bullet train designers were able to solve an important problem. Imagine what other problems might be solved by turning to the world around us and asking… what would nature do? Check out biomimicry.org and asknature.org to learn more about this exciting practice of innovation inspired by nature as well as stories and examples. If you found it useful please subscribe. You can also find all our sustainability videos on our website sustainabilityillustrated.com. You can help us make
    more videos so people can learn about sustainability for free by contributing
    the amount of your choice on the Patreon page by clicking on the orange
    button. Thank you to all our patrons and thank you for watching.

    How The Earth Must See Itself | Behind the Scenes
    Articles, Blog

    How The Earth Must See Itself | Behind the Scenes

    October 15, 2019


    Lucy: The film is a companion piece to Simone
    Kenyon’s ‘Into the Mountain’ project. – Timing-wise, Simone would there be a swoon about to happen? Yeah, yeah here it comes –
    amazing yeah, great… Lucy: I first read Nan Shepherd’s text ‘The Living Mountain’ about five or
    six years ago. It’s prose poetry, it’s a paean to nature, it’s about the
    body’s relationship to the landscape and it just unfolds as you read it,
    and you can keep going back to it and each time you go back to it you see
    different things in it. Simone: When the NationalTheatre of Scotland invited us to make a
    film myself and Lucy had talked about wanting to collaborate and so it was
    really brilliant. Lucy: Before we knew that we were definitely going to make a
    companion film, Simone had already opened up her own process to me and it was very
    generous of her and very enjoyable to be a witness to somebody else’s process. Simone: It was like a continuation of the conversations which is what’s happened a
    lot with other women so it felt like it was very much part of that process. Lucy: The question of what did I want to
    achieve with the film is I suppose best summed up as the idea of a conversation
    or dialogue in several different directions. One of them is a dialogue
    with Nan Shepherd’s text The Living Mountain. Shirley (V/O): Lay the head down, or better still face away from what you look at and bend until you see you see your world upside down. Details are no longer part of a
    grouping in a picture of which I am the focal point. The focal point is
    everywhere. This is how the earth must see itself. Lucy: One of them is a dialogue for my own
    response to the Cairngorm mountains which is my own choreographic response to both the movement choreography but also the environment. Shirley (V/O): All are aspects of one entity imagine we were also thinking about the
    choreography of the play so it’s not necessarily about the choreography of
    the dancers bodies but how those languages that we were working with be
    shown in the films of these details and plants and and flora and fauna and
    insects we were all the time looking for insects or inhabitants of the
    environment that we were living in the twister film on the super
    16-millimeter felt very much like an organic part of the process this is the
    moment where I imagine that I’ve swooned and I’m just having a cheeky little
    moment of relaxation the process of working on film the way that film
    registers light and color the way that in the film I deliberately reveal the
    materiality of the film itself by seeing the edge of frame or seeing when you cut
    in from the moment that you cut lights let in so you have to see a flash frame
    and I’ve embraced all over that because me that’s the material on each reference
    and so the film is incorporating all the things but it’s great to experiment with
    this a choreographic element of the film and also the materiality of that of that
    film as well because it’s real film rather than a digital film sound is
    important in how the earth must see itself I mean as in any film
    specifically in this film because of layers of sound which we’re working with
    so an Attila key has composed an incredible vocal score that was sung in
    the live performance by a number of local women and we are recording a
    version of it outside of performance and then there are the sounds that of course
    we hear in the environment and those threaded together hopefully you will
    create something that and by to feel really feel in my bones
    you know something about this place and I kind of grief I’m really excited about
    how people get to see this work because the work was on me you know for a small
    number of people in order to protect the habitat so again it’s not been a widely
    shared performance in that sense so the film will allow more people to
    experience an essence of this work which is really important
    nan Shepherd’s lying about finding her way into the mountain it’s really
    meaning resonant for the whole of the project in its entirety maybe I found a
    little bit of a way in but it’s a lifetime’s worth of work to my surprise
    that process of finding my way into the mountain is something that’s happening
    now during edit even though I’m a few miles away in Glasgow as opposed to
    being on-site but it is still happening whether and when I feel our family weigh
    in I don’t know but it’s happening

    JAPAN | SHIZUOKA – DREAM SUSPENSION BRIDGE (夢の吊り橋) & STEAM TRAINS
    Articles, Blog

    JAPAN | SHIZUOKA – DREAM SUSPENSION BRIDGE (夢の吊り橋) & STEAM TRAINS

    October 14, 2019


    Thank you very much Please ride the train over there Hi guys! We’re finally here at Shin-Kanaya station Uhm… We’re waiting our train going to Senzu I think that’s the one the orange one We still have to wait for two hours and I’m so excited!! Hi guys! We just got our tickets But we still have an one to go So… yeah, we’re just waiting here and….. What’s cool about this place is that they have a small museum about steam trains and…. busy so cute! we’re here at Senzu
    – we’re here! yey we missed the train we didn’t realize the time since we were both hungry it took us time to finish our food so we’re gonna wait another an hour i think? or more and Jim went to the restroom and now I’m left alone He’s back! We’re coming! we’re going to transfer …
    – do you want to buy ice cream? ice cream!!! you want?
    – yes! Ice cream Ice cream!! there’s a long queue okay, never mind the line’s too long Thank you very much let’s go!
    – let’s go next train! one hour ride again but definitely worth the wait guys, the door is manually you need to open it by yourself so you can get off the train were stopped here in the middle of no where …and there’s a station its called Domoto Station I don’t know what you can do here but it’s cool and a bit scary like the movie ‘Wrong Turn’ this is also a platform of a station the putted another train a while ago to push us up because this train itself cant go uphill and since we reached the top they are going to detached it the one at the back say hi! were here!
    – Rainbow bridge Rainbow bridge this is actually the first Rainbow bridge in Japan how did it become a rainbow bridge? why do you think guys? cause I don’t know why Hi guys if you want to go….. somewhere… to relax this is the kind of place you should go you can relax in then nature you can walk around and burn fats too its better to go to these kind of places instead of malls – true hey at last! it took us …3 to 4 hours train ride right? yup it was a long ride but worth it guys try it next time super beautiful nature!!! – the trees are beautiful the trees are beautiful the water is beautiful the train is beautiful beautiful like me! its so high guys, this is the adventure you can call good for the health – oh my god can you see how long is that? youre going to climb that i mean, we’re going to climb that what are you doing? hey! can you help me? hiking guys were so tired are you okay? its good for your health …. but you cant do it just don’t cause it too tiring guys you see that? i quit. but i cant do anything no more since this is the only way we came from that bridge and now, we’re here on top can you imagine? I’m so tired! after hiking … a bit got a bit tired were lost in the middle of no where joke! guys
    – guys we’re st…. we’re in the middle of..
    – lost in the middle of no where no where we’re going back down there’s so many stairs oh my god the view is amazing guys. – picture me here! hey stop! -come on No!! i can climb down here No!! do you think you can jump down from here?
    – no? so you just let yourself get killed? how? for example some is trying to kill you and the only way to survive is when you jump then i have no choice but to jump okay guys, this is like our Japanese hotel… let’s go inside – is this really a hotel or a house? I’m not sure say hi! Hi!! We’re here at the hotel Our hotel is like a big house that has plenty of rooms and then they let customers stay like a hostel basically but as of now, we’re the only ones here this pillow is so hard Day 2! [singing] one hour -walk walk
    – an hour walk going to the suspension bridge yes! tunnel! its so cold in here
    – so cold I cant do this oh? lets go! we’re going to the suspension bridge, guys. 1.4km walk just to go to the bridge …and there’s a lot of people i think these people are waiting in line to cross the bridge because only 10 person at a time can cross the bridge I’m hungry guys. oh my god am i making people wait? the bridge is so shaky as in my grip is too tight I’m okay I’m okay I’m okay wooo! – your GoPro is empty bat huh? – low bat – are you okay? wait, wait, wait. we’re done with the bridge now we have to climb … 304 stairs going up okay [ Japanese ]
    we have to climb 304 stairs [ Japanese ]
    for us to go back on top [ Japanese ]
    and I’m getting really, really tired. hi little one you can do it look over there I’m tired did you count how many stairs we climbed?
    – no i didnt rest time tired. lets go this is what you call a walk to remember you’re gonna remember this place and never come back My partner left me I think we could see the hanging bridge from there yeah we’re back on this coldest tunnel i know right wow, your really into this vlogger mode today – stabilizer stabilizer! go by! were almost there were going back to the town were going to eat some delicious Soba walking back is so tiring yes! I’m so hungry this is the coldest tunnel I’ve ever been what do you call these? Thank you very much please change it to 500 yen coin here’s your change
    thank you food trip! getting our tickets going home 800 yen for one total of 1,600 yen sky diving next sky diving next if i go insane okay, aren’t you done yet? – I cant get the tunes I can only play it until there Platform number 1 Thank you very much We’re on the train again going back to Shin-Kanaya going home – going home sad. wake up [ See you again ] [ Welcome back ] Thank you very much standing ovation Shinkansen! going home – going home did you enjoy our trip? – of course I did next time again Bye

    The world is poorly designed. But copying nature helps.
    Articles, Blog

    The world is poorly designed. But copying nature helps.

    October 14, 2019


    In 1989, Japan’s Shinkansen Bullet Train
    had a problem. It was fast — really fast — like, pushing
    170 miles per hour fast. But every time it exited a tunnel — it was
    loud. The noise was coming from
    a variety of sources, but whenever a train sped into a tunnel, it pushed waves of atmospheric
    pressure through the other end. The air exited tunnels with a sonic boom that
    could be heard 400 meters away. In dense residential areas, that was a huge
    problem. So, an engineering team was brought in to
    design a quieter, faster, and more efficient train. And they had one secret weapon: Eiji Nakatsu — the
    general manager of the technical development department — was a birdwatcher. Different components of the redesigned bullet
    train were based on different birds. Owls inspired the pantograph — that’s
    the rig that connects the train to the electric wires above. Nakatsu modeled the redesign after their feathers,
    reducing noise by using the same serrations and curvature that allow them to silently
    swoop down to catch prey. The Adelie Penguin — whose smooth body allows
    it to swim and slide effortlessly — inspired the pantograph’s supporting shaft, redesigned
    for lower wind resistance. And perhaps most notable of all was the Kingfisher. The Kingfisher is a bird that dives into water
    to catch its prey. The unique shape of its beak allows it to
    do that while barely making a splash. Nakatsu took that shape to the design table. The team shot bullets shaped like different
    train nose models down a pipe to measure pressure waves, and dropped them in water to measure
    the splash size. The quietest nose design was the one modeled
    most closely after the Kingfisher’s beak. When the redesign debuted in 1997, it was 10% faster, used 15% less electricity, and stayed under the 70 dB noise limit in residential areas. And it did all that with the wings of an owl,
    the belly of a penguin, and the nose of a Kingfisher. There’s a name for design like this. It’s called biomimicry. The people who design our world usually never
    take a biology class, believe it or not. So they’re novices in how the world works. That’s Janine Benyus. Back in 1997, she wrote the book that coined
    the term “Biomimicry”. It told the story of the innovations in computing,
    energy, and health that were inspired by structures in the natural world. Stick like a gecko. Compute like a cell. Even run a business like a redwood forest. Benyus has since worked as a consultant for
    various companies, trying to get them to understand how to take design ideas from nature. That might mean studying prairie dog burrows
    to build better air ventilation systems, mimicking shark skin to create bacteria-resistant plastic
    surfaces for hospitals, or arranging wind turbines in the same drag-reducing pattern
    that schools of fish swim in. Designers get inspiration from a lot of different
    places, but Benyus thinks many of them could benefit from looking more at the natural world. So there’s a lot of looking at what other people
    have done. And what they do is, they look at all the others, and they get ideas. They literally do, I mean, a lot of designers have lots of magazines that they look through, they tear those out and they put them up on inspiration boards. But they’re looking at other human technologies. Her idea was simple: designers should get
    in the habit of bringing a biologist to the table, and let them help solve problems by
    mimicking nature. And there are three main ways they can do
    that. You can mimic its form, or its shape. You might create a paint for a building that,
    when it dries, it’s got the same structure as self-cleaning leaves, lotus leaves are
    notoriously great, they let rainwater clean the leaf because because they have
    these bumps and the rain water balls up on the bumps, and then it pearls away the dirt. So that lotus effect is physical, and you
    can create a physical structure on the outside of any product. Imagine that on the outside your car, rainwater
    would clean your car. So that’s mimicking form. But there’s also mimicking process, the processes of the natural world. It might even be how you mimic how ants communicate in order to efficiently find sources of food or new places to live.
    And those processes, that self-organization, has been mimicked in software, in things like
    autonomous cars and how they’re gonna move in flocks through the city by talking to one
    another. That’s mimicking nature’s process. And then you jump up to the level of mimicking
    whole ecosystems. There’s a thing that’s a buzzword right now,
    that’s really hot, called the circular economy, which is essentially industries saying
    there should be no such thing as a byproduct in a manufacturing facility that goes to landfill. It should be used by something else, and at
    the end of a product’s life, that product should be upcycled into something else. It’s being called the circular economy. Ecosystems do that really, really, really
    well. You’ve got a log on the forest floor, and
    those materials move up into the body of the fungus that eats it. Those materials move up into a mouse. And that mouse material moves up into a hawk… And if you think about that as what we’d like to do with local materials being upcycled constantly. In our cities, for instance. Those ecosystem lessons are really big for us. And that’s the end goal for biomimetic design
    — making products, systems, and cities functionally indistinguishable from the natural world. Life has been around on Earth for 3.8 billion
    years — and what designers are starting to realize is that’s a lot of research and
    development time. The people who design our world have a lot
    to learn from the natural world. All they have to do is take a look. Thank you so much for watching, this is one
    of a series of videos that we’re doing in collaboration with 99% Invisible. They are a podcast that does stories all about
    design. We loved working with them, you should definitely check them out at 99pi.org or on any podcast app.

    Railway Journey Jhelum To Lahore Pakistan Travel by Train 2019
    Articles, Blog

    Railway Journey Jhelum To Lahore Pakistan Travel by Train 2019

    October 13, 2019


    I’m traveling Pakistan by train, in this video Railway journey from Jhelum to Lahore The railcar is arriving on Platform No 2 for departing Lahore Main Railway Stations in my journey are Kharian, Lalamusa junction, Gujrat, Wazirabad junction, and Gujranwala. entire journey on Pakistan Railways Mainline1 in central Punjab Pakistani Train 102 down Subak Kharam takes 3 hours to complete 170 Km Journey. The Train is 3 minutes late Train passes over Jhelum and Chenab Rivers. Railway Minister Sheikh Rasheed announced to upgrade the Mainline1Railway Track for 160 per hour Speed. Thanks for watching the complete video, Like share and Subscribe Tarar Support Kindly Feedback in Comment.

    Grand Encampment Tramway
    Articles, Blog

    Grand Encampment Tramway

    October 11, 2019


    Did you know it is thought that Wyoming was
    home to one of the most important copper mines in the West, in the late 1880’s to early
    1900’s? Copper deposits were discovered in the Sierra
    Madre Mountains in south central Wyoming in 1874. A decade-long copper boom did not occur until
    sheepherder Ed Haggarty discovered a more significant copper deposit in 1897. The copper boom brought people, money, and
    engineering achievements. A steam and gravity-powered tramway was constructed
    to transport ore from the Ferris-Haggarty mine to the Boston-Wyoming mill and smelter
    constructed in Riverside in 1902. The tramway traveled east and gained nearly
    1,000 feet in elevation to cross over the Continental Divide. The tramway then descended over 3,000 feet
    to the eastern flanks of the Sierra Madres, and on down to the smelter. The tramway was considered an engineering
    marvel and was the longest in the world at the time. Each of the 840 buckets on the tramway could
    transport up to 700 pounds of ore. The extraction of copper at the mine ceased
    in 1908. To learn more and to view sections of the
    aerial tramway visit the Grand Encampment Museum. From the University of Wyoming Extension,
    I’m Windy Kelley, Exploring the Nature of Wyoming.