Browsing Tag: its

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    Nature’s Pocket – Broad City

    August 20, 2019


    Yeah. Oh, yeah. (grunting) Ooh! Oh, my God. (Abbi)
    Um, Ilana…
    Yeah? You just pulled a bag
    of pot out of your vagina. I know. Why– why would
    you do that? I do it all the time. Honestly, it’s the
    safest way to travel. Apparently, I have been
    smoking this tainted weed for I don’t even
    know how long. I didn’t mean that. It’s just
    disturbing to me. I don’t– I don’t know
    what to tell you. It’s in a bag. And, you know, the “vaya-nya”
    is nature’s pocket. It’s– it’s natural,
    and it’s responsible. I shouldn’t even be
    bumming off of you. (Ilana)
    Oh, who cares?
    No, I’m an adult. I should be buying
    my own pot. Wow! Never thought this day
    would come, you know? I would be honored and
    pleasured to facilitate this. No, no, no. None of your dudes. I wanna get my
    own pot, okay? I’m not gonna be like holding my
    mommy’s hand while I buy drugs. I can do this.
    (Ilana)
    You know what
    I’m gonna do? I’m gonna be a grown-ass woman
    and do my taxes for once, without my
    mommy and daddy. Get it, bitch.
    I’m gonna call some
    old college buds, a buncha weed-heads. Hit ’em up! I’m gonna get
    those taxes did. I’ll hop on the Q18, catch the
    N and then transfer to the R, and get home in a tight 95
    ’cause the G ain’t runnin’. Whoa! Um, but it was because
    someone jumped on the tracks to kill themselves,
    it was really sad. Love ya, bitch!

    Gobi Desert: Mongolia Is The New Final Frontier (Trans Siberian Railway Stop)
    Articles, Blog

    Gobi Desert: Mongolia Is The New Final Frontier (Trans Siberian Railway Stop)

    August 20, 2019


    What’s the first thing you think of when
    someone mentions to gobi desert? Mountain-high sand dunes and maybe a few thirsty camels? But did you know that the gobi Asia’s
    largest desert, spanning a surface of over 1,000 square miles, is also home to
    the first dinosaur eggs to have ever been found? Or that this is one of the
    most sparsely populated areas in the entire world, with one square mile of
    land, housing fewer than three people? As our first stop on our trip through Mongolia
    we decided to join an 8-day group tour exploring the highlights of the Gobi.
    Just twelve people in two vans and about 5000 random goats ganging up on us
    around every corner. We finally made our way off the transsiberian railway and into the big nothing. Welcome to Mongolia. We just spent all of today and most of yesterday driving here, where we are now into the Gobi Desert I’m so looking forward to staying in this camp. In this ger camp! Just look at that sunset. A ger is like the typical Mongolian dwelling, it’s like a semi permanent dwelling. and I say semi permanent because no it’s not concrete it’s just a type of tent. A yurt, that they put up, to live in it for two or three months for a part of the year and then, because they’re nomads they move off somewhere else. You see these everywhere I mean you don’t see them very often, but like once every 10 to 15
    kilometers you see a couple of them. It’s really where they live in and they make
    these themselves and tonight we’re going to sleep in it. Come on inside! It’s gonna get dark! We made it into our ger! This sleeps 5 people of our group. There are 12 people in our group, but we can’t all fit into the same ger. Because it’s
    not that large. But I’m super happy that there were beds. I know the locals sleep on the floor, so I wasn’t really really sure. But we don’t have to sleep on this beautiful wooden looking vinyl that we have here. Because we have actual beds! They’re not super comfortable. They’re a bit hard, but I think they’ll do the trick! We have our sleeping bags so we can keep ourselves warm. I think these gers are pretty warm, because people sleep in them during winter time, when it’s minus 30 or minus 40 outside. This is the central piece of the ger. This is actually like a window that opens up. When it’s good weather, or not night time. Or for a stove or fire. Then they open this up and it’s not to covered. You’re not supposed to stand under it! For
    some reason it brings bad luck. There are a lot of things you can and cannot do in someone’s ger. Normally men sit on the left side and women on the other side. You need to move clockwise? Yeah you move clockwise as well. And of course, a girl is completely round. There are no corners in it, which is supposed to bring a better
    energy to the place. It only takes the locals, the people who live a nomadic lifestyle, 30 minutes to set up a ger! Just putting each of these up would take me 30 minutes. The current world record for setting it up is eight and a bit minutes! In the world nomad games! So we started the morning in a lovely way. After breakfast they uh… They slaughtered a goat and we could watch the whole thing. From when it was frolicking outside one of the gers, until now that they’re
    cutting it open. They sort of take out the heart and then the goats alive for like about another five minutes. I am very happy that I
    opted to have vegetarian meals only, on this trip. I think I’ll stick to that. At
    least for the next few days We’re heading off to hike to go to a canyon here. Good morning! After the goat, which was a
    little lovely moment in our day. After breakfast and the a goat which
    was a lovely moment, we are now hiking to the canyon over there. It’s all the way
    in the back, you cannot see it from here. It’s called flaming cliffs, which is supposed to be very beautiful and one of the highlights as well on the trip. Yes, because they’re
    bright red cliffs and it’s a canyon. You could call it a small Mongolian version of the grand canyon. The small grand canyon? The not so grand canyon? Yes, the not so grand Gobi canyon! We keep saying this but the landscape is amazing. Let me … This is a panoramic view. Can you believe this? There is nothing else besides us and a few tents. A few gers and over there we
    can maybe see… It’s like 500 meters, maybe a kilometer, we can see a ger camp over there like with ten gers and that’s it! That’s the only thing that we can see.
    It’s crazy! It will be about half an hour. That’s they told us. But Mongolians are not that good with time. We think they some kind of other definition of time. It’s
    all very relative. I don’t know maybe it’s like a small bump in the time-space continuum. Half an hour is usually not half an hour. No it’s not! Yesterday when we asked them how long it would take us to drive all the way from
    where we started yesterday morning and did we mentioned it’s windy? It’s a
    little bit windy! I’m hoping you can even hear us above the wind. But anyway…
    Yesterday we’re like how long will the drive take to get to the Gobi Desert, to
    the ger camp? About seven hours! I think we spend a good nine maybe more in the van. In the end we asked: ”How far is it?” ‘Thirty kilometers’ they said. Then we drove 30 kilometers and they we asked: ”How far is it?” Yeah maybe you know another thirty kilometres maybe two times thirty
    kilometres. It’s all in multiples of thirty. Time to head to the the flaming
    cliffs. you can see them over there in the distance. It looks like it’s not that far
    but I mean it’s very treacherous here. The landscapes are so vast, that you
    can think ‘Oh, I can already see it’, but you’ll be walking for quite some time before
    you actually get there. Wow! We have arrived at the flaming cliffs! This looks incredible! So bright red! Remember those dinosaur eggs we were
    talking about earlier? Well this is where they were first discovered. In the early
    1920’s, American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews, led an expedition here to the flaming cliffs in the South gobi. and found numerous dinosaur fossils, as
    well as the first ever discovery of Dino eggs. You won’t see these finds on
    display here, as they were whisked off on camel-back, to various museums. But, according to a paleontologist from Taiwan. whom we randomly met in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, to this day, remains a hot spot for Dino related discoveries. Being a landlocked
    nation, there were no large bodies of water here for much of history, allowing
    the fossils to remain buried and intact under layers of soil
    we’ll just take his word for I guess. It’s a really good view! The Mongolian
    version of the Grand Canyon okay it’s smaller it’s small it’s not as deep
    but it has the same bright red color it looks awesome and it doesn’t have the
    crowds that the Grand Canyon is because there’s virtually no one here. Exceptfor
    our group. You can’t even see those. They’re so small they’re ants? Yes they’re ants! We’re travelling in a group of ants! In a desert, you expect sand
    and sand dunes, but not like these really Red Cliffs really beautiful. If you look at them from a distance it really looks like they’re on fire and that’s probably
    how they got their names. Let’s get off them before they go on fire! Now, for the hunting portion of this video, we are on the tracks of some wild goats I think… Follow them back to the camp and
    we’ll find food oh. well we’ll definitely find good food at the camp because we
    offed a goat. I think it’s a goat or Or it could be just a baby wolf, looking for
    it’s mother and crying for its mother. They’ll be here soon I guess. Now we’re just the two of us groups already a bit further. I think we’re pretty safe. I can outrun you and I don’t need to outrun the wold. We made it back just in time
    it’s starting to rain and it’s lunch time serving lunch! let’s go! Hungry! Thank you!
    Usually the guys get their food first but since Naick wasn’t in the tent I had to
    take his food. I almost ate all of his french fries but decided to leave a few. According to Mongolian custom
    apparently men get their food first. On the first day they explain the basic you did everyone when they were handing out
    the place because they were like trying to find all of the men and skipping all
    of the women and they were like yes sorry, it’s a local thing it’s a custom thing The food is actually pretty good on this tour so. We just packed our bags everything we
    have in our bags now pack them all up leaving our nice ger behind. I’m gonna
    miss it! It smells a bit like camels. Goin outside and back in, it smells a bit strange but otherwise it’s pretty cool. Today we’re gonna drive 200 km,
    nothing like yesterday and then we arrived to the sand dunes! – that should be
    pretty good and spent two days there! That was it for today, for this video
    we’ll make a next video out of the beautiful sand dunes and really the
    deserts and the next video is going to be the highlights the highlights the
    trip to the gobi so be sure to check out the next one! If you liked the video
    give a like, comment, a thumbs up, subscribe if you want to follow the rest of the
    journey and we’ll see you in the next one! Bye bye!

    Big Boy Steam Engine arrives in Omaha to celebrate Railroad Days
    Articles, Blog

    Big Boy Steam Engine arrives in Omaha to celebrate Railroad Days

    August 19, 2019


    ACROSS THE MIDWEST. IT’S BIG. IT’S LOUD, AND IT’S FINALLY IN
    NEBRASKA.>>THIS THING IS MASSIVE.>>BETTER THAN I THOUGHT IT
    WOULD BE.>>I’VE NEVER GOT TO SEE ONE OF
    THESE BIG MONSTERS ACTUALLY RUN. QUANECIA: A PIECE OF HISTORY
    MAKES ITS WAY THROUGH THE
    MIDWEST.>>MANY YEARS OF PLANNING AND A
    TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF HARD WORK. QUANECIA: UNION PACIFIC’S STEAM
    LOCOMOTIVE BIG BOY TRAVELED
    THROUGH FREMONT WHILE ON ITS WAY
    TO OMAHA.>>IT’S NEAT TO SEE STEAM COMING
    BACK.>>IT’S GOOD TO SEE ALL THE
    PEOPLE WHO CAME OUT TO SEE THE
    MACHINE AND TAKE PICTURES OF IT. YOUNGER PEOPLE, YOU KNOW,
    THEY’VE NEVER SEEN ANYTHING LIKE
    THIS. QUANECIA: THE BIG BOY LOCOMOTIVE
    WAS BUILT FOR UNION PACIFIC IN
    THE 1940’S AND RETIRED IN 196
    25 OF THEM WERE BUILT.>>IF YOU GET A CHANCE TO GO SEE
    IT, GO SEE IT. IT’S A ONE IN A LIFETIME CHANCE. QUANECIA: TODAY, THERE’S ONLY
    EIGHT LEFT, AND 4014 IS THE LAST
    BIG BOY STILL OPERATING.>>WE JUST GOT THROUGH
    REBUILDING THIS LOCOMOTIVE LAST
    — OVER THE LAST 2.5 YEARS. QUANECIA: FOR ENGINEER ED
    DICKENS, SEEING BIG BOY
    SEEING YEARS OF HARD WORK
    FINALLY PAY OFF.>>THE NUMBER ONE ASKED QUESTION
    TO UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD, “WHEN
    IS THE UNION PACIFIC GOING TO
    RESTORE BIG BOY?”
    WELL, HERE WE ARE, WE DID IT. QUANECIA: BIG BOY WILL ALSO B
    IN OMAHA FROM SATURDAY AT 9:00
    A.M. THROUGH SUNDAY AT 5:00
    P.M.. IF YOU’D LIKE TO SEE THE
    LOCO

    China’s New “Silk Road”: Future MEGAPROJECTS
    Articles, Blog

    China’s New “Silk Road”: Future MEGAPROJECTS

    August 18, 2019


    Having recently completed both the world’s
    most extensive system of expressways and the planet’s longest high speed rail network,
    China is now looking beyond its borders for opportunities to keep building. President Xi Jinping announced at a recent
    summit that Beijing has sealed megaproject deals with 65 countries throughout Eurasia
    and Africa to construct ports, power stations, rail lines, roads, and all the tunnels and
    bridges needed to connect them back to mainland China. At a total cost of over $1 trillion, the One
    Belt, One Road initiative is unprecedented in size and scope. So is the bold funding mechanism: China will
    use its large, state-run banks to provide most of the financing, a risky move, when
    you consider how few of the nations in the O.B.O.R. could afford something like this
    on their own. “Oh,” say the leaders of economically-challenged,
    underdeveloped Laos, Yemen, or Ethiopia — or the blood-soaked regime of Bashar al-Assad
    in war-ravaged Syria — “you want to loan us billions of dollars to build some cool
    stuff in our countries? Of course, why not!?” China is hard-selling the project as a way
    to boost its westward connections, an update of the silk road trade route that played a
    significant role in developing China and the rest of the region 1,000 years ago. But many analysts see this comparison as little
    more than a marketing pitch. Al Jazeera clip: “Is the real point of this,
    East-West service then simply to boost China’s westward connections? [Pauline Loong] “Well I wouldn’t say simply
    to boost China’s westward connections, but I totally agree with Charles that it’s more
    a PR stunt. To call it the “Silk Road,” that’s really
    brilliant—evocative of romantic camel travels in the past. When, you know, you have these lovely silks
    and trade and so forth. And it’s good, because look at all the headlines
    it has been getting, but in practical terms, it’s early days yet.” [Bryce] Aside from the lessons China learned
    from its own recent infrastructure boom, Beijing is also drawing inspiration from the American
    Marshall Plan which financed the rebuilding of Western Europe after it was decimated during
    the second world war. That program was worth the equivalent of $130
    billion in today’s dollars and ensured the US had reliable export markets for the manufactured
    goods and machinery its growing economy had become dependent on producing. China’s modern version — first announced
    in 2013 — is the signature initiative of President Xi Jinping. Several projects have already been completed. Earlier this year London became the 15th European
    city connected directly to China through an ever-expanding global rail system, meaning
    freight trains loaded with goods can now arrive after a 12,000km journey all the way from
    the east coast of the landmass. And, at a cost of $4 billion, China also just
    completed Africa’s first transnational electric railway, which runs 466 miles from Djibouti
    to Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. Chinese companies designed the system, built
    the line, and supplied the train cars. The many other projects under the O.B.O.R.
    umbrella include: A $6 billion, 260-mile railway connecting
    eight Asian countries. Desperately needed power plants to address
    Pakistan’s chronic electricity shortage, part of a larger $46 billion investment by
    China in Pakistan aimed at offsetting the American and Japanese-backed building boom
    happening in neighboring India, China and Pakistan’s mutual rival. Train lines will connect Budapest to Belgrade,
    Serbia, providing another artery for Chinese goods to reach Europe after arriving in a
    Chinese-owned port in Greece. And — in a move that adds prestige to O.B.O.R. — China is financing more than a third of
    the $23.7 billion cost of the Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant in southwest England. Part of the challenge in analyzing whether
    this building boom is ultimately good for the world is its sheer complexity. Nothing like this has ever been done before
    in human history. Yes, providing underdeveloped countries a
    chance to have better transportation infrastructure, or cleaner power plants is a good thing. But, by funding infrastructure that’s designed
    to enhance commerce and trade — instead of basic services many of these countries
    need more, like clean drinking water, affordable housing, and better education — China’s
    motives seem to favor the wealthy, elite business class. Here are other factors that explain why China
    is undertaking a project of this magnitude: The Communist Party has staked its reputation
    on non-stop economic growth. Since they hold all the power, the Chinese
    people expect them to deliver. But with its domestic megaproject boom nearing
    completion, China must find new buyers for all the steel, cement, and construction machinery
    its economy produces, or many of its factories could grind to a halt. It has decided the solution is One Belt, One
    Road, but lending hundreds of billions of dollars to many countries with weak credit
    ratings and unstable political systems is very risky. Which reveals an underlying sense you get
    when you look closely at One Belt One Road: China’s increasing desperation. The country’s national debt is already very
    high, but borrowing continues to accelerate at historic levels as state owned banks loan
    more and more money to state owned companies. The prime example of the risks associated
    with the tight rope the Communist Party is trying to walk was the government bailouts
    issued during China’s recent stock market collapse. That crisis was caused by the same sense of
    impatience that’s driving O.B.O.R.—the Party’s need to feed the insatiable economic
    growth monster. Using its powerful propaganda machine, Beijing
    urged its own people to invest their savings heavily in its immature, unstable market—causing
    inexperienced citizens to treat investments in companies like bets at a casino, creating
    a huge bubble that, naturally, burst. The government then suspended trading for
    a while and pumped billions into the system to avoid a total collapse. So really, when you step back, the core motivation
    for One Belt, One Road boils down to the Communist Party’s need to buy itself more time in
    order to come up with its next scheme to prop up the economy, because when it inevitably
    slows down, which it’s already starting to do, the Party’s promise to deliver a
    fantastic economic dream world will have been proven false for everyone in China but the
    elites. The silver lining is that many of the ventures
    China has undertaken will pay long-term dividends, like building up its high-tech manufacturing
    sector, with the anticipation that when OBOR’s transportation networks are complete, it will
    be ready to use them to deliver higher-cost goods like iPhones, drones, and green energy
    technologies to the rest of the world. The other major motivating factor here is
    the unmistakable opportunity to gain even-power status with the United States in Asia. The election of Donald Trump, and then his
    decision to walk away from the Trans Pacific Partnership trade deal that would have hurt
    China, are massive geopolitical mistakes—completely unforced errors that China intends to take
    full advantage of. When it first announced the O.B.O.R. back
    in 2013, Barack Obama had just begun his second term and the US pivot to Asia was in full
    force. With rivals like Japan, South Korea, and Vietnam
    challenging China’s efforts to control maritime trade routes, it was clear China was being
    hemmed in on its Eastern flank. Despite the election of Trump, this is still
    true. So by instead turning instead to the vast
    land mass to the west for new opportunities, China minimizes its reliance on maritime trade
    routes that could be cut off in the event of a destabilizing military conflict. At the end of the day, China is all about
    business. It doesn’t matter if you’re a democracy,
    a dictatorship, or a failed state, China wants to work with you. But this willingness to embrace some of the
    world’s more unsavory characters could backfire. Just look who Xi is sitting next to at the
    O.B.O.R. summit: Russia’s Vladimir Putin and Turkey’s Erdogan—two men who look
    more and more like dictators clinging to power with each passing day. That’s not a good look for China, and it
    reminds us that the Communist Party is even less transparent. But in a world where the President of the
    United States is a bumbling fool, these partnerships create much less of an image problem now than
    they would have just a few months ago, when the widely admired Barack Obama was leading
    the free world. If you ask the Chinese, the O.B.O.R. is all
    about peace, an embrace of the concept of coop-etition. A generation ago it was unthinkable for a
    country to invest billions of dollars on infrastructure in another country, but in our hyper-globalized
    world, dominated by interconnected markets, it may become the norm, especially when we
    consider the intangible benefits—greater economic interdependence lowers the risk that
    groups of countries will want to fight with other groups of countries, many of whom are
    bound together by military alliances. Every one of these projects increases China’s
    soft power, giving Beijing more and more leverage in any future negotiation or military conflict. The many foreign seaports it will build and
    manage for the next half century will be particularly valuable chess pieces. Its understandable that Chinese policymakers
    are romanticizing One Belt, One Road as a crowning achievement for their nation—further
    recognition that it has regained its former status as a great civilization that deserves
    recognition around the world. But the reality is that it still has a long
    way to go. Combined, the following factors may weaken
    the optimistic sales pitches being made to foreign officials: a recent Oxford business
    school study argued that half of Chinese domestic megaprojects actually destroyed, not generated
    economic value; a few of China’s previous efforts to build megaprojects in foreign countries
    — like the A2 motorway in Poland — failed miserably; landowners and their representatives
    in the national assemblies of host countries are pushing back hard against attempts to
    take away their land; and public demonstrations against some the projects are beginning to
    take root, and spread. Another dose of reality that should sober
    Beijing is that— after analyzing China’s overleveraged financial position — its credit
    rating was just downgraded by a major agency, whose analysts concluded that its borrowing
    is raising red flags, and its economic growth will continue to slow down. Of course, none of these speed bumps is going
    to stop the Communist Party from attempting to execute their great leap. They are committed 100% to embracing a fundamental
    history lesson — one we were all reminded of by Brexit’s improbable win and the unlikely
    ascendence of Donald Trump — that fortune favors the bold—at least, in the short run. Thanks for watching. Get caught up on all of China’s major domestic
    megaprojects with the mini-documentary I made last year, which started some interesting
    conversations. To learn even more, and to support our work,
    sign up for a free 30-trial of Audible.com — linked below — and you’ll get one
    free audio download, like the great courses on The Fall and Rise of China. Until next time, for TDC, I’m Bryce Plank.

    Treasures of New York: Holiday Train Show
    Articles, Blog

    Treasures of New York: Holiday Train Show

    August 18, 2019


    >>>THE NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDENS HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW.>>THIS IS MY FIRST VISIT AND I AM JUST IN AWE OF THE DETAIL AND THE IMAGINATION.>>A FANTASY LAND COMBINING MODEL TRAINS WITH THE NEW YORK SKYLINE BUT WITH A BOTANICAL TWIST.>>THEY’RE ALL MADE FROM BARK TWIGS AND SEEDS.>>ALL THOSE LITTLE RED DOTS ARE RADISH SEEDS.>>WE TAKE YOU BEHIND THE SCENES AND SHOW YOU HOW IT ALL COMES TOGETHER.>>IT’S LIKE WORKING FOR JOHNNY APPLESEED, FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT AND SANTA CLAUS ALL AT THE SAME TIME.>>COME EXPLORE THE MAKING OF THIS MARVELOUS WORLD THAT’S BROUGHT FAMILIES TOGETHER OVER THE HOLIDAYS FOR MORE THAN 20 YEARS.>>THERE’S SOMETHING BETWEEN ARCHITECTURAL MODELS AND PURE FANTASY.>>IT ALL COMES TO LIFE ON “TREASURES OF NEW YORK: HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW.”>>ALL ABOARD. RIGHT THIS WAY.>>THIS PROGRAM IS MADE POSSIBLE BY ROBERT AND VICTORIA ZOELLNER AND ROSALIND P. WALTER. AND NOW, HERE IS JUJU CHANG.>>HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED WHAT DRAWS PEOPLE TO THIS PLACE YEAR AFTER YEAR? EVEN GENERATION AFTER MAYBE IT’S THE WHIMSICAL TRAINS ZIPPING ALL AROUND OR THE BOTANICAL GARDENS. MAYBE IT’S THE COMBINATION OF THE TWO RIGHT INSIDE ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL GLASS HOUSES IN AMERICA. IT’S A HOLIDAY TRADITION THAT YOU NEVER REALLY OUTGROW. WHEN YOU COME HERE, WHETHER YOU’RE A KID OR A KID AT HEART, YOU CAN’T HELP BUT BE ENCHANTED BY THIS MAGICAL HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW. SO, CONSIDER THIS PROGRAM YOUR ALL-ACCESS PASS WHERE YOU’LL DISCOVER THE INTERSECRETS OF HOW IT ALL COMES TOGETHER AND WATCH THE TRANSFORMATION THAT TAKES PLACE RIGHT BEFORE YOUR EYES. THE NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN IS A CENTURY-OLD OASIS IN THE MIDDLE OF THE BRONX, PLANTS SPREAD OUT OVER 250 ACRES. YET EVEN IN THE WINTER MONTHS WHEN THE TREES HAVE LOST THEIR FOLIAGE AND THE PLANTS LIE DORMANT IN THE COLD, IT STILL DRAWS IN VISITORS FOR ONE OF THE MOST CELEBRATED THE EVENTS OF THE YEAR. THEY FLOCK TO THE SIGNATURE LANDMARK BUILDING. THE ENID A. HAUPT CONSERVATORY, EAGER TO SEE WHAT’S BEHIND THESE DOORS. THIS IS THE ANNUAL HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW, AN EVENT THAT’S DAZZLED AUDIENCES FOR MORE THAN 20 YEARS. AND THIS IS NOT YOUR TRADITIONAL BOTANICAL EXHIBITION. IT’S ONE OF THE MOST UNIQUE SHOWCASES. WITHIN THIS CRYSTAL PALACE ARE NOT ONLY LIVING PLANTS BUT A COMPLEX NETWORK OF OVER A DOZEN MODEL TRAINS AND MORE THAN 100 REPLICAS OF BRIDGES, BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS, METICULOUSLY CONFIGURED USING TWIGS AND LEAVES, AND ACORNS AND SEEDS, AND ALL KINDS OF PLANT PIECES.>>THERE’S SOMETHING BETWEEN KIND OF ARCHITECTURAL MODELS AND PURE FANTASY.>>IT’S A CHARMING AND INTIMATE DISPLAY OF NEW YORK AND THE SURROUNDING REGION, A MAKE BELIEVE WORLD THAT SIMPLY TAKES YOUR BREATH AWAY.>>IT’S MAGICAL. IT’S LIKE WALKING INTO A SNOW GLOBE AND LOOKING AT NEW YORK IN MINIATURE.>>EVERY YEAR, HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF VISITORS TRAVEL NEAR AND FAR TO GET A SUMPTUOUS DOSE OF NOSTALGIA.>>IT’S BEEN A WONDERFUL THING FOR THE BOTANICAL GARDEN, IT’S BEEN A WONDERFUL THING FOR NEW YORK CITY, ONE OF THE WONDERFUL HOLIDAY TRADITIONS LIKE THE TREE IN ROCKEFELLER CENTER.>>AND THERE’S SO MUCH TO SEE, FROM THE INTRICATE MODEL OLD-FASHIONED MODEL TRAINS TO THE VAST DISPLAY OF HAND CRAFTED NEW YORK LANDMARKS RANGING FROM THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART TO THE GEORGE WASHINGTON BRIDGE, TO THE EMPIRE STATE BUILDING.>>TOGETHER, THESE INCREDIBLE BUILDINGS, WHICH DO DEFY DESCRIPTION — THEY MUST BE SEEN TO BE BELIEVED. AND THE TRAINS CREATE JUST A MOMENT OF MAGIC AND FANTASY OVER THE HOLIDAY SEASON.>>THE MAGIC ACTUALLY SPRINGS FROM THE EXTRAORDINARY IMAGINATION OF PAUL BUSSE, CREATING BOTANICAL TRAIN DISPLAYS ALL OVER THE COUNTRY.>>HE HAS BEEN OUR PARTNER. HE IS THE ARTIST WHOSE WORK WE CELEBRATE. BUT THE GARDEN AND THE CONSERVATORY PROVIDE THE PERFECT STAGE FOR HIS WORK.>>EACH OF THE MODELS ON DISPLAY IS A MASTERPIECE IN ITS OWN RIGHT. DELICATELY HAND CRAFTED WITH A KEEN ATTENTION TO DETAIL, REFLECTING THE ARCHITECTURAL QUALITIES OF THE ORIGINAL. TAKE CITY HALL, ORNATELY DECORATED WITH THE LATTICE OF DOGWOOD TWIGS, CRISSCROSSING EACH WINDOW, PERCHED ATOP STATUE OF JUSTICE, HER SCALES MADE OF ACORN CAPS. A NECKLACE OF WHEAT STALKS. HER TORCH FLAME FASHIONED FROM A DRIED MONARCH FLOWER INSIDE A POMEGRANATE HAT. OF COURSE, NEARBY, THE ELLIS ISLAND IMMIGRATION BUILDING, WITH TOWERS COMPROMISED OF FUNGUS, HEMLOCK, AND SEVERAL VARIETIES OF PINE CONE SCALES.>>THE DETAILS JUST KIND OF KEEP ON. EVERY PLANT YOU CAN IMAGINE IS USED FOR EVERY ARCHITECTURAL DETAIL YOU COULD NAME.>>TOWERING HIGH ABOVE THE CITY SCAPE ARE FOUR NEW YORK BRIDGES, CRAFTED OUT OF ALL KINDS OF VARIOUS TREE BRANCHES AND BARK. THERE’S THE GEORGE WASHINGTON BRIDGE, SPANNING THE HUDSON RIVER. AND ON THE EAST RIVER, THE MANHATTAN BRIDGE, THE BROOKLYN BRIDGE AND THE HALE GATE BRIDGE.>>I’M STANDING UNDERNEATH THE BROOKLYN BRIDGE. ONE OF THE REAL MAGICAL PARTS OF THE HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW IS THAT THERE ARE TRAINS RUNNING ALL AROUND YOU AND EVEN OVER YOUR HEAD. REALLY, I DON’T KNOW OF ANYBODY THAT DOESN’T LIKE TRAINS IN SOME WAY OR ANOTHER.>>ALL THE MODEL TRAINS IN THIS SHOW ARE G-SCALE SIZED, ONE OF THE LARGEST TYPES OF MODEL RAILROAD. IT’S THE PASSION TRAIN ENTHUSIASTS HAVE ENJOYED AS PART OF AMERICAN CULTURE FOR MORE THAN A CENTURY.>>IT’S SORT OF ONE OF THOSE HOBBIES THAT’S MULTIGENERATIONAL. WE SEE FAMILIES COMING, GRANDPARENTS BRINGING GRAND KIDS, PARENTS POINTING OUT TRAINS TO THEIR KIDS AND THERE IS SORT OF AN EXCITEMENT ABOUT IT.>>THE TRAINS RUN ALONG MORE THAN 1,200 FEET OF TRACK, CRISSCROSSING THE LENGTH OF MORE THAN FOUR FOOTBALL FIELDS. WINDING AROUND CORNERS AND THROUGH TUNNELS AND ACROSS TRESTLES. PACIFIC RAILWAY RACES THROUGH HARLEM. THE KIDS LIKE THE NOVELTY TRAINS LIKE THIS LADYBUG LINER. OF COURSE, THOMAS THE TRAIN HAS CELEBRITY STATUS.>>THERE HE IS, THOMAS! I CAN SEE THOMAS, MOMMY!>>IT’S A REALLY FUN EXPERIENCE FOR OUR VISITORS WHO COME TO SEE THE TRAINS AND THE PLANTS AND EVERYTHING REALLY LIT UP AND MAGICAL.>>IT’S A CELEBRATION OF THE CITY, TRULY UNLIKE ANY OTHER. AND YET THIS WONDERFUL TRADITION ACTUALLY HAS ITS ROOTS OVER 650 MILES OUTSIDE THE CITY LIMITS IN THE ROLLING HILLS OF NORTHERN KENTUCKY. [ PHONE RINGING ]>>GOOD MORNING, APPLIED IMAGINATION. LESLIE SPEAKING. MAY I HELP YOU?>>THIS IS WHERE THE SHOW’S CREATOR, PAUL BUSSE, AND HIS COMPANY WORK ON THE UNIQUE CRAFT THEY CALL BOTANICAL ARCHITECTURE.>>APPLIED IMAGINATION IS A GROUP OF VERY CREATIVE PEOPLE THAT CREATES THREE-DIMENSIONAL SPACES INVOLVING TRAINS AND MINIATURES AND PLANTS.>>WE UTILIZE JUST ABOUT ANYTHING WE CAN GET OUR HANDS ON. A WALK THROUGH THE WOODS IS NOT THE SAME THING ANYMORE. YOU GO UNDER THE OAK TREE AND YOU CAN LEAN OVER AND FIND THE PERFECT ACORN CAPS AND THE BRANCHES IN THE TREES, YOU LOOK AT THEM AND GO, THAT’S GOT A NEAT CRICK. I NEED THAT.>>THEY LOOK FOR TEXTURE, COLOR, SHAPE AND SIZE WHEN INTERPRETING A BUILDING’S DETAIL. A MODEL CAN TAKE ANYWHERE FROM A FEW WEEKS TO SEVERAL MONTHS TO COMPLETE, ALL DEPENDING UPON ITS INTRICACY AND SHEER SIZE. UNLIKE AN ARCHITECTURAL MODEL, WHICH IS A PERFECT REPLICA OF A BUILDING, BOTANICAL ARCHITECTURE IS DIFFERENT.>>I WOULD DESCRIBE BOTANICAL ARCHITECTURE AS SCALE MODELS, NOT NECESSARILY TO SCALE, BUT BROUGHT DOWN TO A SIZE THAT COINCIDES WITH WHATEVER 3-D LANDSCAPE WE’RE PUTTING IT IN.>>AN ILLUSIONIST THAN A MODEL MAKER.>>TAKE PAUL’S RENDITION OF THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY. THE REAL VERSION IS AN EARLY 20th CENTURY NEOCLASSICAL MARBLE BUILDING, DECORATED WITH ORNATE STONE CORNICES AND CORINTHIAN COLUMNS, LOCATED ON FIFTH AVENUE IN MIDTOWN MANHATTAN, THE ACTUAL LIBRARY STANDS TWO CITY BLOCKS. PAUL’S VERSION FOCUSES ONLY ON THE MAIN ENTRANCE, WITH STONE WORK MADE OF BARK AND THE ICONIC LIONS ARE MADE OF PEAR-SHAPED PODS. ALL THESE MINUTE DETAILS HELP TO CAPTURE THE ESSENCE OF THE ACTUAL BUILDING. IN RECENT YEARS, PAUL HAS HAD TO TAKE A STEP BACK FROM HIS WORK AS HE HAS BATTLED WITH THE ONSET OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE, BUT HE STILL IS INTIMATELY INVOLVED IN THE PROCESS.>>WELL, TODAY, MY PURPOSE IS TO JUST BE AN INSPIRATION.>>PAUL STILL REMEMBERS THAT LIFE-CHANGING MOMENT WHEN, OVER 20 YEARS AGO, THE NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN CONTACTED HIM TO CREATE THEIR FIRST TRAIN SHOW.>>I COULDN’T BELIEVE IT. SUCH A WONDERFUL INSTITUTION. THEY TALKED TO LITTLE OLD ME OUT HERE IN KENTUCKY.>>THIS IS THE INAUGURAL SHOW PAUL CREATED FOR THE GARDEN. IT FEATURED JUST 15 MODELS AND FOUR TRAINS. AS THE YEARS WENT BY, THE SHOW GREW WITH MORE BUILDINGS AND MORE TRAIN TRACKS, AND MORE TRAINS. NOT EVEN RENOVATIONS OF THE CONSERVATORY BUILDING IN THE EARLY ’90s COULD STOP THE SHOW. INSTEAD, THEY HELD IT OUTSIDE.>>IT WAS BEAUTIFUL, BUT IT WAS HARD FOR PEOPLE, YOU KNOW, PARTLY BECAUSE THOSE WERE STILL VERY COLD WINTERS WE WERE HAVING. SOME DAYS THE TRAINS WOULD BE LIKE FROZEN IN PLACE ON THE TRACK.>>AT LAST COUNT THERE ARE MORE THAN 150 MODELS IN THE GARDEN’S COLLECTION, WHICH IS MORE THAN THEY CAN EVEN FIT IN THE INDOOR EXHIBITION SPACE.>>WE FEEL LIKE WE’VE GOT A REALLY NICE CROSS SECTION OF SKYSCRAPERS AND MANSIONS AND MUSEUMS AND IT’S COME TO THE POINT WHERE WE’RE A LITTLE BIT SQUEEZED FOR SPACE IN HERE.>>WHICH MEANS SOME BUILDINGS ARE SWITCHED OUT FROM YEAR TO YEAR.>>AND EVERY YEAR, THE SHOW FEELS KIND OF NEW AND NEWLY CONCEIVED AND FRESH, AND THAT’S GREAT TO SEE.>>EACH YEAR, IT’S AS IF THEY BEGIN ANEW. SETTING UP THE HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW IS A WEEK-LONG AFFAIR. JUST WEEKS BEFORE THE EXTRAVAGANZA IS TO OPEN, THE IMAGINATION CREW ARRIVES AT THE GARDEN ALONG WITH THE HELP OF LOCAL ARTISTS AND BUILDERS. THIS SMALL ARMY GETS STRAIGHT TO WORK.>>IT’S A LOT OF HARD WORK. I ENJOY DOING IT EVERY YEAR. IT’S LIKE WORKING FOR JOHNNY APPLESEED, FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT AND SANTA CLAUS ALL AT THE SAME TIME.>>FIRST, THEY HAUL THE BRIDGES AND TRACKS OUT OF STORAGE, AND DELIVER THEM TO THE CONSERVATORY. MORE THAN 1,200 FEET OF MODEL RAILWAY TRACK IS ARRANGED IN SECTIONS, ACCORDING TO A PREDESIGNED LAYOUT. EACH SECTION OF TRACK IS PIECED TOGETHER LIKE A PUZZLE, JOINED PERFECTLY TO ALLOW TRAINS TO RUN SMOOTHLY. THE CREW COMES PREPARED WITH SPARE PARTS, KNOWING THAT THESE TRACKS HAVE SEEN HUNDREDS OF HOURS OF USE FROM PREVIOUS YEARS. THEY ASSEMBLE THE TRACKS, REPLACING RAILROAD TIES AND REFURBISHING JOINTS AS NEEDED. THE MODEL TRAIN TRACKS ARE ALSO CLEANED AND THE RAILS MUST BE POLISHED.>>YOU HAVE TO CLEAN THEM OFF. THAT’S HOW THE TRAINS GET THEIR POWER, THROUGH THE TRACK. IF IT’S DIRTY, IT’S LIKE AN INSULATOR AND IT WILL STOP. SOMETIMES THEY’LL JUST RUN OVER THIS DIRT BUT MORE OFTEN THAN NOT, THEY WON’T.>>NEXT, THE BRIDGES ARE HAULED IN PIECE BY PIECE AND ASSEMBLED, WHICH IS NO EASY FEAT.>>ALL RIGHT.>>WE ON?>>YEAH, YOU’RE ON. ♪♪>>SPACE IS A PRECIOUS COMMODITY AND EVERY INCH COUNTS, ESPECIALLY WHEN ALL THE PARTS BECOME INTERCONNECTED. DOWN AT GROUND LEVEL, THE CREW BEGINS LANDSCAPING, INSTALLING POOLS AND WATERFALLS, AND TUNNELS ARE MADE FROM HOLLOWED OUT LOGS. IT’S AN ELABORATE PRODUCTION THAT ALL HAPPENS IN JUST A MATTER OF DAYS. ONCE THE TRACKS ARE BUILT, MODEL RAILROAD TECHNICIANS INSPECT THE SYSTEM OF ELECTRIFIED RAILS, WHICH POWER THE TRAINS VIA DIRECT CURRENT. THEY TWEAK THE CURVATURE OF THE TRACKS.>>OKAY.>>AND CLEAR ANY OBSTRUCTIONS THAT MAY LAY IN THE TRAIN’S PATH.>>GOING GOOD. MUCH BETTER.>>MEANWHILE, THE MODELS ARE BROUGHT IN, ONE BY ONE. AS THEY’RE LAID OUT, THEY’RE INSPECTED FOR ANY DAMAGE FROM LAST YEAR’S SHOW AND REPAIRS ARE MADE ON THE SPOT. SOME ARE NOT SO HEAVY, WHILE OTHERS, LIKE THE MASSIVE MODEL OF THE FLAGSHIP MACY’S STORE IN HERALD’S SQUARE TAKES EIGHT PEOPLE TO HANDLE.>>IS IT ON?>>SOME ARE PLACED IN SPECIFIC LOCATIONS. OR GROUPED TOGETHER, ACCORDING TO A NEIGHBORHOOD THEME. IT’S A COLOSSAL TEAM EFFORT FROM START TO FINISH, WORKING TOGETHER TO TRY TO TRANSFORM THE CONSERVATORY INTO THE HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW AS WE KNOW IT. ONCE THE MODELS ARE ALL IN PLACE AND THE TRAINS ARE UP AND RUNNING, THE CREW PUTS ON THE FINISHING TOUCHES.>>BY THE TIME WE GET DONE, IT’S AMAZING. WE’VE TAKEN MORE OR LESS AN EMPTY ROOM AND TURNED IT INTO A MENAGERIE.>>JUST IN TIME TO KICK OFF THE HOLIDAY SEASON, THE EXHIBITION FINALLY OPENS ITS DOORS TO THE PUBLIC.>>FOR ME, THAT’S THE EXCITING MOMENT. IT’S JUST SO BEAUTIFUL, THAT FIRST MOMENT WHEN THE DOORS OPEN. AND I’M SO PROUD OF IT.>>YOU GET SUCH A SENSE OF ACCOMPLISHMENT. MY EYES GO OVER AND SAY, OH, I DID THIS BUILDING. OH, I DID THAT BUILDING. IT’S JUST THE BEST TIME EVER.>>FOR ALL THE BUZZ AND EXCITEMENT THE SHOW CREATES, IT ALSO PROVIDES A SPECIAL BONDING EXPERIENCE.>>IT’S A VERY GENTLE WAY FOR FAMILIES TO HAVE A NICE EXPERIENCE TOGETHER. IT’S NOT ABOUT SHOPPING FOR THE HOLIDAYS OR HIGH-TECH ANYTHING. IT HAS TRANQUILITY ABOUT IT.>>ANYTHING WE DO TOGETHER AS A FAMILY IS EXTRA SPECIAL. IT’S HARD TO FIND THE TIME THAT WE ALL CAN DO SOMETHING TOGETHER.>>WONDER AND NEW AND EXCITEMENT. IT’S JUST SO MUCH FUN TO SEE IT THROUGH HIS EYES AND SEE HIS EXCITEMENT.>>REGARDLESS OF WHETHER THEY COME TO SEE THE BOTANICAL ARCHITECTURE OR THE TRAINS, VISITORS WALK AWAY WITH A GREATER APPRECIATION FOR NEW YORK.>>I THINK THEY ALSO LEARN ABOUT NEW YORK CITY, THESE PEOPLE. THEY’RE REMINDED ABOUT OUR CONSTELLATION, IMPORTANT LANDMARKS HERE, WHICH IS VERY WONDERFUL.>>AND IN THAT CONSTELLATION OF LANDMARKS, ONE SET OF BUILDINGS SHINES BRIGHTLY.>>THIS IS THE MANHATTAN SCENE AND THE HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW. IT’S ONE OF THE FAVORITE SCENES OF OUR VISITORS HERE WHEN THEY COME TO SEE THE SHOW. IT HAS ALL OF THEIR NEW YORK CITY FAVORITE LANDMARKS, INCLUDING THE GE BUILDING, ST. PATRICK’S CATHEDRAL, THE GARDENS AT ROCKEFELLER CENTER AND SOME OF THE COOL PLANT PARTS INCLUDED IN THIS DISPLAY ARE OKRA PODS, USED AS THE DRESSES OF THE ANGELS AT ROCKEFELLER CENTER. CHECKING OUT THE SIGN AT RADIO CITY, THOSE ARE MADE OUT OF RADISH SEEDS. ALL THOSE LITTLE RED DOTS ARE RADISH SEEDS. WHEN YOU TAKE A REALLY CLOSE LOOK AT ST. PATRICK’S CATHEDRAL, YOU CAN SEE A REAL ASSORTMENT OF PLANT PARTS. BECAUSE IT’S SUCH A DETAILED AND ORNAMENTED BUILDING, YOU WOULD NOTICE ALL THE DETAIL OF FAIRIES AND PINE CONES AND PEA PODS AND LEAVES. SO PEOPLE REALLY LIKE TO GET A CLOSE LOOK OF ALL THE DETAIL THAT’S INCLUDED. PEOPLE WILL SORT OF TAKE A GROUP PICTURE RIGHT IN FRONT OF THIS SCENE. IT IS ONE OF THEIR FAVORITE HOLIDAY LANDMARKS.>>OTHER FAVORITES INCLUDE THE APOLLO THEATER, THE WASHINGTON SQUARE ARCH, AND THE LITTLE RED LIGHTHOUSE UNDER THE GEORGE WASHINGTON BRIDGE. THE LIST GOES ON AND ON.>>IT’S FUN. IT’S FUN TO SEE PARENTS POINT OUT BUILDINGS TO THE KIDS AND THEY HAVE BEEN THERE OR THEY RECOGNIZE THE LIONS IN FRONT OF THE LIBRARY, OR THEY RECOGNIZE THE MUSEUM OR THE PLANETARIUM.>>THERE ARE ALSO MODELS OF BUILDINGS THAT HAVE LONG SINCE BEEN DEMOLISHED, OFFERING VISITORS A UNIQUE GLIMPSE INTO THE CITY’S PAST, BUILT IN THE EARLY 1880s WITH GILDED DETAILS AND ORNATE INTERIOR, IT WAS UNLIKE ANYTHING NEW YORKERS HAD EVER SEEN. IT CAPTURES THE ESSENCE OF THE ORIGINAL WITH CINNAMON AND BEECHWOOD TRIM. AND THERE’S THE ORIGINAL YANKEE STADIUM, THE HOUSE THAT RUTH BUILT.>>THIS IS YANKEE STADIUM THAT WAS BUILT IN 1923. IT WAS THE ONE THAT WAS DEMOLISHED IN 2010. IT IS DEFINITELY A CROWD FAVORITE HERE AT OUR HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW. THERE’S A LOT OF DETAIL IN HERE WITH THE FLAGS AND THE LIGHTING. EACH OF THE LIGHT FIXTURES IS MADE OUT OF THE CAP OF AN ACORN. AND YOU CAN SEE ALL THE SIGNAGE INCLUDED INSIDE, AND THE CROWD.>>AND THEN THERE’S THE MASSIVE 20-SQUARE-FOOT REPLICA OF THE ORIGINAL PENN STATION, A 20th CENTURY MASTERPIECE OF THE BOZART STYLE AND ONE OF THE LOST ARCHITECTURAL JEWELS OF NEW YORK CITY.>>IT WAS BUILT IN 1910, BUT DEMOLISHED IN 1964. WHEN MOST PEOPLE COME UPON THIS, THEY ARE STRUCK BY THE BEAUTY OF THIS MODEL AND THEY STOP TO READ THE LABEL AND THEY REALIZE IT’S NOT THE PENN STATION THAT THEY KNOW, THAT THIS WAS THE REAL DEAL BEFORE IT WAS DEMOLISHED.>>THE MODEL FEATURES OVER 100 COLUMNS MADE OF HONEYSUCKLE BRANCHES. MINIATURE CLOCKS ARE MADE FROM BIRCH BARK AND SEEDS AND ARE FLANKED WITH EAGLES, REMINDING US OF THE NEW YORK THAT ONCE WAS. THERE’S ONE REPLICA THAT PAUL BUSSE HAS MADE THAT IS A PARTICULAR FAVORITE OF THE GARDEN’S PRESIDENT.>>I GUESS MY FAVORITE MODEL IS THE MODEL OF THE CONSERVATORY. ONE YEAR, HE SURPRISED US. I DON’T THINK WE KNEW HE WAS GOING TO DO IT. HE JUST ARRIVED TO SET UP SHOW AND HAD AN IMMENSE MODEL OF THE CONSERVATORY ITSELF.>>THE DELICATE MODEL WAS CONSTRUCTED USING REEDS AS THE BUILDING’S FRAME AND RESIN AS THE GLASS.>>IT WAS A PLEASANT SURPRISE. IT WAS A BRILLIANT THING.>>EACH MODEL HOLDS SENTIMENTAL VALUE IN DIFFERENT WAYS AND EVERYONE HAS THEIR OWN PERSONAL FAVORITE. THE SHEER ARTISTRY OF THE BUILDINGS COMBINED WITH THE SWIRL OF THE TRAINS AND THE JOY OF THE HOLIDAY SEASON ARE WHAT MAKE THIS ANNUAL TRADITION ONE OF THE GREATEST TRAIN SHOWS IN THE COUNTRY.>>IT CAN ONLY HAPPEN IN NEW YORK, IN THE WAY THAT IT HAPPENS. IT CAN ONLY HAPPEN IN THE HAUPT CONSERVATORY.>>A PLACE WHERE FAMILY MEMORIES ARE MADE AND THE MAGIC OF THE HOLIDAYS TRULY COMES ALIVE.>>I THINK BACK TO WHEN I WAS A LITTLE KID AND I WAS ALWAYS INSPIRED BY THOSE EXPERIENCES AND REMEMBER THEM TO THIS DAY. AND I WOULD LOVE IF THAT HAPPENED TO SOMEBODY ELSE.>>AND IT’S ALL PLEASURE. IT’S ABOUT THE TRAINS. IT’S ABOUT THE HOLIDAYS. IT’S ABOUT FAMILY OUTING. IT’S ABOUT THOSE HISTORIC BUILDINGS. IT’S A WONDERFUL NEW YORK TRADITION. I HOPE WE’LL ALWAYS HAVE IT. I THINK IT’S BEEN A GREAT THING.>>WHAT I LOVE MOST ABOUT THE HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW HERE AT THE NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN IS THAT THERE REALLY IS SOMETHING FOR EVERYONE. EACH YEAR, IT GIVES VISITORS A BREAK FROM THE EVERYDAY PACE, IMMERSING THEM INTO THE JOYOUS WORLD OF FANTASY AND SPARKS YOUR IMAGINATION IN A WAY THAT MODERN TECHNOLOGY JUST CAN’T. MOST IMPORTANTLY, YOU CAN SHARE THIS EXPERIENCE TOGETHER, WITH FRIENDS AND FAMILY. DID YOU LIKE IT? [ ALL: YEAH ]>>I HOPE YOU ENJOYED OUR SPECIAL, TREASURES OF NEW YORK: HOLIDAY TRAIN SHOW.>>>THIS WAS MADE POSSIBLE BY ROBERT AND VICTORIA ZOELLNER AND ROSALIND P. WALTER.

    River’s Edge Trail will undergo construction under railroad bridge
    Articles, Blog

    River’s Edge Trail will undergo construction under railroad bridge

    August 17, 2019


    project in Great Falls that has been in the works since the mid 1990s will soon get started the project is part of the river’s edge trail under the railroad bridge on River Drive south river so trail foundation president Bruce poling Tain’s ed it’s always been a difficult transition getting from the trail upstream to the trail downstream but now it’s finally happening because it’s becoming too critical to not get done money for the project has been raised with the help of shields and other local businesses probably one of the most mentioned needed projects in the history of river’s edge travels people are constantly talking about how we could maybe get a better way around that that particular obstacle and the railroad doesn’t have any choice they have to be where they are the solution is not new it’s been there for a long time we just tried to find a less expensive way to do it and there really is Montana Department of Transportation will be doing the construction but there’s no exact timeline yet of when it will be done

    Massive Explosive Chain Reaction at 200,000fps – The Slow Mo Guys
    Articles, Blog

    Massive Explosive Chain Reaction at 200,000fps – The Slow Mo Guys

    August 15, 2019


    G: Hello, I’m Gav.
    D: I’m Dan. G: We’re the slow mo guys and today
    we are without lab coats. D: Well, we got these lovely things instead.
    G: It’s true. We’ll start without our phones So there’s no microphones, but hopefully that one’s doing alright We’re here at the Colorado School of Mines and what are we going to be doing, Daniel? D: Well, when you’re mining you need to use explosives a lot of the time. So that’s what we’re gonna be doing, we’re gonna be using explosives. G: It’s quicker than a shovel…
    D: Exactly, except for instead of using it for mining, we’re gonna be using it for slow mo guys purposes G: Yeah.
    D: Which involves a toilet, a safe, some mannequins…
    G: Some mannequins are going to bite it. D: plenty of explosives G: We also have an absolute myriad of phantoms to get absolute range of resolution and frame rates. So let’s have a blast Because of the puns and stuff D: I’ve destroyed a few bogs in my time.
    G: You do like your spicy food.
    D: It’s true. But now we’re literally going to destroy a bog. Okay. All right. This is pretty savage. So we’re gonna have det cord coming around and up into the system which is going to be full of petrol and then the detonation train will go down here into this five pound booster charge of high explosives which is going to detonate and cause a shock wave and hopefully destroy the bog.
    G: So you’ve taken care of all the explosive putting and over here, in this giant metal protective box, we’ve got two Phantom v2512. This one is set to 28.500 frames a second. This one is set to 207.000 frames a second. So it’s very low resolution. But very very fast. Also up there in that yellow box we’ve got a v2640, which will be HD about 12 000 frames a second. (explosion sound) All right, let’s watch that back. Oh!
    D: Oh wow! G: This– where’s the toilet?
    D: It’s just disappeared G: I didn’t see a single piece. D: Not one piece, man. I just saw a big white bright flash. It was so bright. G: Maybe it went out the back? (explosion sound)
    Both: Whoa! G: And all of this white cloud here is all petrol. D: So did we not see it from the other angle because the cloud covered it and now we’re seeing the viable bit? G: Yeah, I think or maybe it just went up. Look. It’ll light up out It looks cool.
    D: Look all this. All of that is lighting up now. Look at it expand. G: Oh man, so scary. Tell you what, the dynamic range on this camera is not bad. Like it’s pretty much held all of those highlights, even though we’re such a higher ISO. D: You know it’s also really cool as often you don’t see a big flaming explosion with rubble going everywhere. It’s just a flame explosion. D: Whereas this…
    G: Toilet-y shrapnel. Well, that’s where the toilet was. D: It’s– I think– There’s no pieces of it left. It’s literally dust. It has been entirely eviscerated. It’s dug a… pretty much a crater and cleared the area of stones completely. G: So this what’s up there with those guys? D: Wow! I’m touching it. Cheers for that. G: Next experiment.
    D: This is the beefiest safe we could find for 150 dollars. I think it’s about 150 years old as well. G: I love how we paid 150$ for a safe that doesn’t work. D: We’re just trying to get into the safe, like if you imagine if you’re a bank robber, we’re gonna try and just blow a hole through the door. G: Yeah, this safe seems to have lost most of its concrete. But we’ve got this barrel here to see. Hopefully, we’ll see it come into there. D: Yeah. So what I’ve got here is a shaped charge. It looks funny because it’s got a copper cone inside and packed in behind the copper cone is explosives. This is the det cord. It’s what we use to initiate it. So explosion will come down the det cord, down here, hit the back of the shape charge and the explosive explosion the detonation will start at the back and travel forwards. What that’ll do is force this copper cone into an inverse jet so it will– the back part here, right the back, will come out here before this part even gets it and it will form a jet and that’s used to penetrate things like tanks armor or safes or anything like that and the correct– you have to have something called standoff and that’s six times the diameter of the cone which means that that’s about 23–24cm away from what you’re going to penetrate because that’s the width. The width is about 4cm. G: So if you had it too close, it wouldn’t be as effective. D: It wouldn’t be as efficient. The copper jet wouldn’t have reached peak, like, penetration capability. (explosion sound) G: I’ve never seen a shape charge in slo-mo.
    D: Neither have I actually, not properly. ‘Cause they’re usually a part of– Both: Wow!
    D: What?! G: That was absolutely instant.
    D: Whaat G: All right, wind that back, hold on. It’s honestly like when a meteor enters the atmosphere and you’re watching a big ball of light coming through the air. D: It’s the same sort of speed as well, I feel like. G: The cup has already gone into the water And then when we spin on you’ll see that miles later the barrel comes up D: Oh, I just love how directional this explosive is. and that’s what it does. It’s its job. G: Literally nothing went anywhere else. D: Oh, perfect, look at that! Hang on. So it went into the barrel but it didn’t come out the other side, which means there must be some copper at the bottom. But it’s annihilated all the concrete around it it’s like you see all this concrete here yeah that was in the safe and I know we say this a lot. But like it’s nothing. It’s just a skew solid Mel So all of the shaped charges I’ve used before in the military have been solid copper lining Yeah, whereas this is an oil and gas shaped charge and it’s actually made of copper powder. So there won’t be any Solid bits of copper anywhere and you can see here. That’s what that is. Yes. That’s what that is That’s a smattering of copper powder. And before when you ones that are used against tanks and things you can actually see the copper That’s left over in the hole that makes because it’s solid copper. So we’ve got Doris and Frank here, who are Retired mannequins. Well, I’ve noticed that Doris’s fingers come off. Yeah, that’s why she was retired to shed an industrial accident This is a shock tube. Yeah and has inside it’s called a dust explosion which travels down the tube and 2,000 meters a second and that’s enough to initiate a detonator Which is then enough to initiate det cord which is what it’s used for But what we’re going to do is trail it all the way from where we are All the way down swirling around it’s going to come to doris here. We’re going to wrap it all the way around doris Like this down to the bottom where we’re going to hit a detonator Into some det cord which is then going to wrap all the way back around her around her here And then that will actually explode and hopefully sort of obliterate because this is just sort of quite safe It won’t do anything to her and then the det cord this is quite long It’s gonna travel from a neck all the way down to here where we’re gonna have a shaped charge Which is then gonna go through what’s his name Frank through Frank? Yes, Frank through Frank and then we’ve got some foam casters on the other side that all hopefully explode when the Copper jet manages to go through so this is a huge chain reaction of a bunch of different types of explosives It’s a explosive train is what it’s called. So you start small with something like this Yeah, you’re going to prime explosives with detonator and then into det cord and then it will main charge so this time I’m going to Set the exposure on the Phantom’s much lower so we don’t get as much white out from the det cord explosions get more detail. Yeah Look up her skirt. I was looking into my finger Look up her skirt from here down. This is a special occasion yeah, because we’ve got a return of a very rare guest the slimmer guys its other Dancer its rival dads. This is a little bit of an awkward situation having both of us here at the same time You may not recognize down because in this video he has a shirt on finds Explosives in bare chest just doesn’t work out. So then this one here will be the edge we Start from that will go up the stairs. See this little symbol here That’s where we’re gonna pop the det cord in that little cradle Yeah, so it’s enough explosive force to initiate the shape charge which is gonna last its way through Frank. This is an absolute operation It’s just raw nerve record to watch your det cord on your head Basically, I mean it’s perfectly saying you can chew it and it wouldn’t do anything. I Have taste earlier. It’s called secondary explosive Fare to be second. Sorry, I think so. That’s the shot right there Quick it looks fake, isn’t it? It’s gonna be like a little disco happening in Most dangerous nightclub ever Do you think the the det cord because it was wrapped so tight around the head it all just went at once around the head Yes Sympathetic detonation. So yeah, one of the layers would have got the next one The shape charge beats the shockwave, yeah, it’s insane I Deliberately made this one much much darker because we’re sure and much much slower But we should actually see the shop tube travel almost a leisurely pace at this frame rate. Oh Here we go. It’s gone down the legs waiting come in. Any second. Oh, where are we? Oh, here we go. I think it’s just The step up in speed is so insane Whoo, because you see the shock tube going only 2,000 meters a second, but the det cord is then going at 7,000 It’s a huge step up and that shaped charge that looks like a damn rocket going off that’s getting about 10,000 meters a second and when you were describing the shape charge, I thought it would be more like a shotgun We’re just kind of blow all in one direction But it’s so narrow and so specific like you could you could shoot someone with it Yeah, the field you could shoot it right at someone and it might miss it’s like a neat it’s like an explosive needle Well, there’s a hand, oh was that good hand. Oh That’s a shame. She’s had a hell of a retirement by there looking what’s done to address the debt course just like Crisped it up d dressed. Look what the shape charged it to this guy it completely sawn him in half Oh, Totally honestly when I saw him in half here, I thought that this part had just come off Yes same but then I thought you’re connected. Actually, it’s still connect. This is just loose. Oh He’s just taking him in half is all the phone that caught fire Didn’t actually get the other one look didn’t get that one. It just completely blew his front out his front fell off his To get Doris his head to fall off by wrapping it in det cord and it I saw it from over there Pop up about 30 40 feet and then it landed One of her eye sockets on oh no. Oh it’s Gruesomes a splintered sever. You should keep that the head yeah Use it as like a I mean surely though if I try and take it home when they try and swab it, they’ll be like I Think there’s a small amount of explosives there. So you just say to TSA just like well, yeah it blew up blew off obviously You using this as an another opportunity to blow up some of our merch yeah, all right, oh It’s a woman blow it out. Oh dear. This is a nice t-shirt, right? This you’re kidding All right looks that was good what you think yes lovely so we’ve made what can only be described as a monstrosity or some sort of secret weapon Let me talk you through this We’ve got an avalanche er easy used to fire into avalanches into a snow story to force an avalanche So it’s not dangerous. Yeah that leads down into this huge fat tube, which reaches all the way down to the floor, which is filled full of ammonium nitrate fuel oil Granular they look like what you feel a beanbag with except they explode. That’s exactly what looks and then round behind it You’ve got to five pound boosters this is all connected with about six foot of det cord so it’s about 50 or more pounds of Explosive – we also put a third mannequin up the back. Yeah We took her back there just to see if what the effects were Compared to obviously this guy’s gonna get a victory and I think that one’s probably not gonna see much though. I’ll see you there I wonder how much would be left. All right, let’s get the hell out of it Trevor how this place used to look before we did that experiment. Oh It’s just like it’s been a hurricane Shot to hang onto the ground in the hole of Thoreau guys, that’s never have the first I hope so Oh well back there it looked like a new it was so bright initially you can see Anything like how would you expose for that initial explosion? You could do it but you’d have to you probably wouldn’t see anything. You just see nothing to start with. Oh That looks like the end of the world oh oh just like a sparks sparks and flashes from the or it’s usually the rock or maybe just fast-moving plastic fast enough where it’s actually igniting on him It honestly looks like that was fired from a fat man. It does it looks like And then once did you see the shockwave go up you see it moving across all this floor back here See he’s got up there and then it’s lifting up all of the dirt and now it’s imploding back down Camera hammer yet that might be one of the best and most well-defined shockwaves I’ve ever seen It looks like a pyroclastic flow from her from a volcano, it’s just water Yeah, and then through the window but bash the camera out I can’t think of any time that I would have seen any explosion that was that big that close I’ve certainly never seen anything like that Explosion camera shelter. I feel like they’ve never done an explosion this big here. I think no, that’s why you’re like they definitely know Hey get bigger It’s blowing it in a like cripple their front ways it was there and it shoved it ripped it like a tin can What is interesting is that it shocked mud so far, like look at our old barrel with a hole in look at where that was Glad to see that even here You would have an absolutely murdered by that so the 26:40, which was up on the hill is it also got caked in one? I went out there what how quickly the mud caked the the view of the camera there Oh But such a wide lens on it This is the left hand mannequin that was here it was previously about here. That was the one that wasn’t the closest Yeah, and he’s turned to paste. I honestly don’t know if we could show this is a bit graphic This lady was stood here About five six meters away. Yeah, she got picked up by the explosion but another four meters back The legs off both her arms are off It’s just shows the massive amount of difference between evisceration a couple bits left and then like, you know Most of it left. I can’t believe it blew in our safety this because he put the charge behind the water that’s the that’s a thing in in a OD you is called a disrupter you place explosive charges behind water and it basically just Messes up everything that’s in front of the water really quickly. So he’s placed the charge behind the water in the waters just gone straight into the camera shutter, and that’s what’s done that Lets try and find a piece of your slow mo guys shirt Pull that out. That’s great Look at that It’s the RoosterTeeth thing. …Erteeth Oh no it’s “Terteeth” “Terteeth” “Terteeth” Euh “Terteeth” Well Do you know what my least favorite part of every Slo Mo video’s? What’s that? Well part for me being hurt. Yeah Is cleaning up afterwards. But all we’ve left today is a smoking crater. What and there’s like pits of genes That’s chicken stuff H. There’s no plastic It’s just biodegradable G that might be one of the most mental videos we’ve ever made. It’s insane That was that’s a lot of explosives. Yeah, well Big thanks to Vision Research for setting this up and letting us use their phantoms an extremely dangerous Environment and thanks to the Colorado School of Mines filling us come and blow stuff up here. Hopefully you enjoyed that video Feel free to follow us on social media and stuff subscribe to the slow mo guys, and we got a second channel We’ll see you next time Feel like the next video should be really relaxing in comparison Yeah, I think we need something like and I just chill this was yes. This is a lot

    Articles

    The Craziest Solar System Model EVER!

    August 14, 2019


    This episode was made possible by generous supporters on Patreon. Hey Crazies. We hit 100,000 subscribers! What?! I can’t believe this many people were like:
    Yeah, I’ll watch some more of this guy. Thank you all so much for watching. Let celebrate! The sheer size of 100,000 is demanding a scale video. A while back, I did one showing the Earth
    and Moon. At a scale of 52,800,000 to 1, the Earth and the Moon where the size of a basketball and tennis ball. But why stop there?! Rule number 4 here in the asylum is
    “Go big or go home.” Let’s take one more step out and do the
    entire solar system! But, just to keep things interesting, let’s
    lay down some ground rules. One! We’ll be using the same scale we used in
    the Earth/Moon video: 52,800,000 to 1. Two! For each astronomical object, there will also
    be a normal-sized object. Just like the Earth and the Moon where a basketball and a tennis ball, we’ll be doing the same for all the
    other planets and the Sun. Three! Both the size of the objects and the distances
    between them will be to the same scale. I’m going to need some adventure clones. Go go go! Go go! Places to be! Go! The natural place to start a solar system
    video is with the Sun: That yellow-white star at the center of our solar system. It contains 99.8% of the solar system’s
    mass. For some perspective, let’s say the mass of the solar system is 1000 dollars, the Sun will be 998 of those dollars, which leaves
    only two dollars for everything else. The Sun is in control. It’s also really big: 864,337 miles across. That’s a little over 109 Earths just across its diameter. In terms of volume, it’s 1.3 million Earths. That’s big. Does that mean you have to find an object
    that’s 109 basketballs across? Yep, and I have just the thing. Just outside Detroit in Allen Park, Michigan,
    there’s giant tire that’s exactly the right size. Like, an actual tire made of rubber. It was made for the 1964 New York World’s Fair to be Ferris wheel. If you don’t believe me, here’s a picture from the brochure. This tire is 85 feet or 26 meters across,
    which is the perfect size for our scale: 109 basketballs across. Seriously, that’s one of my adventure clones right there. It’s the perfect launch point for an insane scale model of the solar system. The closest planet to the Sun is Mercury,
    which is about the size of a softball on our scale. It’s pretty small compared to that giant tire
    and probably farther away than you’re thinking. On a map, it’s about 0.68 miles or 1.1 kilometers
    from the scaled Sun. A distance easily walked by one of my adventure clones. Here you can see the tire without any trouble. The Sun is still rather large in the sky at this distance. Mercury’s orbit is pretty eccentric though,
    so that 0.68 miles is just an average. It’s 0.54 miles at closest and 0.82 miles at farthest. That has dramatic effects on what the Sun looks
    like in the sky over the course of Mercury’s year. For comparison, here’s what the Sun looks like from Earth. Next up, Venus! It’s about the size of a soccer ball on our scale. On the map, Venus is about 1.3 miles or
    2.1 kilometers away from the scaled Sun, which passes through a shopping center, known to locals as “The Hill.” That 1.3 miles is a sizable distance from
    the giant tire we’re using as our Sun. You can’t see the tire anymore, but that’s
    only because there’s stuff in the way. None of that stuff is part of our model though. In space, we’d have a clear view and could
    still see the Sun in the distance. You might have noticed a soccer ball is only
    a little bit smaller than a basketball, which means Venus is about the same size as
    Earth, so it’s no surprise it’s sometimes called
    Earth’s sister planet and it’s our closest neighbor, but not this close. That would be both terrifying and apocalyptic. AHHHHHHHHHH!!!!!!!!! On our scaled map, the Earth and Venus are
    actually about half a mile apart. To scale, these two objects are half a mile apart. That puts the Earth an average of about 1.8 miles
    or 2.9 kilometers from the scaled Sun. The best location it passes through is Beaumont Hospital in Dearborn. That looks something like this. Again, the giant tire is blocked by things like buildings, but, with a clear view, you could still see
    it in the distance. From the surface of the Earth, the Sun only
    spans about half a degree in the sky, but so does the Moon, which is what makes
    total solar eclipses possible. Speaking of the Moon, I mentioned earlier
    that was the size of a tennis ball on our scale, but not located this close to the Earth. That tennis ball needs to be 24 feet or
    7.3 meters from basketball and then orbit around it every 27 days. Now, for the last of the inner planets: Mars. It’s about the size of this hamster ball on our scale. Probably the most obsession-inducing planet in human history. We’ve sent multiple probes. We’ve seen faces that weren’t there. Back in the day, people were convinced there
    were canals on the surface. We’d even like colonize it someday. It’s in the Goldilocks zone like Earth,
    so that’s not out of the question. Milton can tell you all about it. (Alien Noises) Really? (Alien Noises) Huh. Alright. Mars orbits the scaled Sun at a distance of
    2.7 miles or 4.3 kilometers, which conveniently passes through the parking lot of The Henry Ford Museum. You can actually tour it in Google Street View. There’s some pretty cool stuff in there. You know, if you like museums. Here’s our scaled Mars at that location. An average human on smooth ground can see
    about 3 miles in any direction, so the scaled Sun should be just barely on
    this side of the horizon. From the surface of Mars, that’s only 0.35 degrees in the sky. OK, so we’ve reached the edge of what we
    call the inner solar system. These are the inner planets:
    Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. They’re tiny in comparison to that giant tire we’re using as our Sun and they all orbit within 3 miles of the Sun on the map. We define the distance from the Earth to the Sun
    to be one Astronomical Unit or AU. That puts the entire inner solar system well within 2 AU. The outer planets are a different story all together. We don’t reach another planet until a little over 5 AU. This is where Jupiter orbits. It’s big and it’s massive. You remember, that 1000 dollars that represents
    the mass of the solar system? The Sun was 998 dollars, leaving
    only 2 dollars for everything else. Jupiter uses up almost an entire dollar
    of that 2 dollars we have left. So it’s really massive, but it’s also big. Size and mass are two different things. You can fit almost 11 Earths across
    the diameter of Jupiter. That means you can fit over 1300 Earths inside the volume of Jupiter. It’s pretty much maxed out in size though. Fun Fact! If you added more mass to it, it wouldn’t
    actually get any bigger, just denser. If we scale that diameter down, Jupiter is 8.7 feet across. That’s 104 inches or 265 centimeters! What did you find that big?! Well, I didn’t, but just imagine a
    giant round conference table. On the map, Jupiter’s orbit is almost 9.2 miles
    or 14.7 kilometers from the Sun and passes right through Wayne State University
    in downtown Detroit. Home to a lot of really cool architecture and
    right next to the Detroit Institute of Arts. That big conference table looks something like this. As usual, we’re including an Adventure Clone for scale. In space, you can see the Sun in the distance
    because there’s nothing in the way. I mean, humans eyes can still see the Sun out to about 60 light years, but we have a problem with our scale model. At 9 miles, the giant tire we’re using for
    a scaled Sun is below the horizon. The Earth’s curvature has moved it
    out of our line of sight. Next stop, Saturn! On the map, Saturn orbits at over 16.8 miles
    or 27 kilometers. That’s 10 AU from the Sun, twice the orbit
    of Jupiter! At this distance, Saturn’s orbit passes
    through Willow Run Airport, where you’ll find the Yankee Air Museum. They’ve got a bunch of old planes, and air force trinkets, and stuff. As you can see Adventure Clone had a really good time. Did you decide to make this crazy scale model of the solar system just so you could send an Adventure Clone to all these cool places? Maybe? Anyway, Saturn is pretty big on our scale
    too, about 7.2 feet or 220 centimeters. That’s a much more reasonably-sized conference
    table, but still big. Although, its rings make it look even bigger than it is. Here’s our reasonably-sized conference table
    known as Saturn. That’s just the planet though. Its rings stretch out to about here. You can fit over 9 Earths across its diameter,
    even more across the rings. But in space, Saturn is pretty lonely. When the Sun expands into a red giant, we
    should just move the Earth there. We can orbit Saturn and have a view like this every day. That’d be pretty cool, if you ask me. The next planet out is Uranus, which would
    be about the size of this hula-hoop. It’s still pretty big, about 38 inches or
    96 centimeters in diameter, but at least I have a real object this time. That puts its orbit out at 33.8 miles or
    54.4 kilometers. That’s almost 20 AU from the Sun, almost
    twice the orbit of Saturn, which sends its orbit right by the Imagination Station in Brighton. It’s the coolest playground set up I’ve ever seen. This thing is huge. It’s right next to a big pond too. You know, if you like nature, but not too much nature. You can fit about 4 Earths across its diameter. It’s no wonder they call these outer planets “giants.” Its actual appearance is pretty plain though,
    not a lot of cloud detail. Some might even call it the most boring planet, but I think it’s pretty cool that it rotates on its side. That’s an axial tilt of 98 degrees! There must be some weird seasons. Last, but certainly not least, Neptune. You can see it’s only a little smaller than Uranus,
    but they’re really far apart. Neptune is located a whopping 53 miles or
    85 kilometers from the scaled Sun. That’s about 30 AU, another 10 AU beyond Uranus! They’re not kidding when they call these outer planets. On the map, it passes right through the Lost Railway Museum in Grass Lake. Another museum? Yeah, I like museums, OK? Anyway, the museum is on the edge of downtown
    Grass Lake right on Michigan Ave. It’s full of old rail-cars and stuff. Out back there are railroad tracks, which
    is a perfect location for an adventure clone to hold the tube. Uh, I mean Neptune. It often has a dark storm with winds approaching
    1500 miles per hour. That’s the fastest winds in the solar system. OK, so we’ve reached the edge of what we call
    the outer planets. Here they are in all their glory:
    Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. They’re pretty big compared to the inner
    planets, but still small next to the Sun. Remember, our scaled Sun is the size of this giant tire. It’s clear from the sizes of their orbits
    why we split the solar system in two, but there’s even a physical division called
    the Asteroid Belt. That’s not the only place we find asteroids,
    just an interesting concentration of them. We find rocks of many sizes all over the solar system. Most of them are comets in the Kuiper Belt,
    a belt that includes Pluto, and the Oort Cloud, which stretches out so
    far beyond the planets it’s difficult to even imagine. This is the limit of the Sun’s control. Any object beyond that is closer to nearby stars like
    Alpha or Beta Centauri than it is to the Sun. This is probably the biggest scale we can
    use for the solar system and still have the sizes of the objects reasonable. So, was that a crazy enough solar system model for you? Let us know in the comments. And again, thank you all for continuing to watch my crazy face. The last couple of years have been quite a trip. Also, thanks for liking and sharing this video. Don’t forget to subscribe if you’d like to keep up with us. And until next time, remember, it’s OK to be a little crazy. If you want to help support my channel,
    check out my Patreon if you haven’t already. There’s also a new YouTube feature called
    “channel memberships.” You just click this join button to sign up. I’d still prefer Patreon. They have way more features and they take a much smaller cut, but for those of you who don’t like it for whatever reason, here’s your alternative. Anyway, thanks for watching!

    Police urge caution around the tracks during Rail Safety Week
    Articles, Blog

    Police urge caution around the tracks during Rail Safety Week

    August 14, 2019


    a report from Union Pacific’s as a person or car is hit by a train in the US every three hours now local police departments are sharing their tips for staying safe around trains KSBY news reporter Melissa Newman is live in Guadeloupe with the story Melissa Kathy the Federal Railroad Administration says there have been over 100 train accidents here in Santa Barbara County in the last 10 years guadalupe police tell me that a train accident here is it’s a ticking time bomb waiting to happen living with trains constantly passing through is just a part of day-to-day life for people in Guadeloupe used to you know doesn’t bother you at all Kerri masa Thani lives right next to one of many train tracks that split up the city he’d like to see more people using caution near the tracks they should be more careful about crossing the track look both directions you know even if you don’t hear you look you know most people don’t look they just drive right through his sentiments are being echoed by Guadeloupe Police Department as they enforce real safety week the people being patient that’s what it’s gonna take be know where there’s a lot of safety concerns there’s a lot going on you got traffic you got people that aren’t paying attention Guadeloupe police officers have been engaging with local schools and stepping up patrols of places like Main Street where there was a deadly train verse car accident last year it’s just like driving a car every day you’re always looking for other cars a locomotive it’s just another automotive another vehicle it’s another thing that you have to be aware of now the police department says to look both ways when you’re crossing the railroad tracks and never stop on the tracks even if there’s traffic live in local and Guadalupe Melissa Newman at KSBY news

    The Legend of the Haunted Railroad Tracks in San Antonio, Texas!
    Articles, Blog

    The Legend of the Haunted Railroad Tracks in San Antonio, Texas!

    August 13, 2019


    In this area, it has a legend haunted story! In 1940s or earlier, There was a school bus carrying around 10 kids to the school. The engine was broken down while the bus was on the railroad! A bus driver was puzzled and tried to figure out a way to solve the engine issue. Apparently, a bus driver didn’t realize the bus was on the railroad. Then, he saw a train coming and it was too late to save kids or himself. The train crashed the school bus and everybody were killed. So what’s happening next now? Now, I’m getting a baking soda. What is this for? We’ll take a car on the railroad, then we will wait and it will eventually move. Maybe a car was being pushed by kids who were killed in the train crash. You might see kids’ handprints on those baking soda. Maybe they’re trying to save us from getting killed. You see the sign says no stop on the railroad, which means they know people do come here to confirm the experience. Now, I’m taking my car on the railroad. Justin will set a camera tripod to capture the entire action. I’m here to make sure that we’re not getting hit by a train. It’s what terrified me the utmost right now. I have that imagination what if it will hit us or not. You funny. I know you’re doing it. I’m parking here. We’re giving it a try again. Now it’s moving backward. I have to admit it’s the ideal spot for feeling tension or terrifying a bit. We were nervous about cars driving through us. I think it’s moving on its own. I didn’t do anything lol. Let’s check the baking soda. What! It’s true! We did several tests. Some did move on its own. We just had to see if there are any kid hands. And hands are right there! The total is 10 hands. I think it’s more than just ten hands. (Joking: not true about hands) (There are two cars testing the railroad now. I just learned that there is 2 inches horizontal off. When you park on the railroad, it will stay a while but it will move later. Why? It has a steep a bit. Once it’s moved, then everybody immediately assumed it is pushed by kids!