Browsing Tag: history

    The History of Horizons – (Mission: SPACE) | Epcot
    Articles, Blog

    The History of Horizons – (Mission: SPACE) | Epcot

    September 14, 2019


    This video idea was suggested by Whiskey
    Fett, if you have any suggestions for future videos, please leave them in the
    comment section. Epcot’s future world is the first half of the park itself and all of it’s pavilions meant to be inclusive the same overarching theme with future
    every pavilion there would represent an element of what the future was supposed
    to hold and how our current technologies and innovations would help us get there
    these pavilions would together represent the future of oceans, ecosystems, energy,
    transportation, creativity, innovation and communication. However there was to be one pavilion that would combine all these elements together. One pavilion
    that would be the crowning jewel of Future World: Horizons. Announcer: Step into the
    future at EPCOT Center’s newest adventure. Step into the future in Horizons. Step into the future, today. General Electric sponsored the horizon
    billion and we’re more than happy to do so partly because most of the rest of
    the park was built so GE knew they weren’t getting themselves signed up for
    some unfinishable project that’s concept might have been a little bit too
    ambitious and would later be abandoned the other reason being, GE had that
    experience with Disney’s company and that experience had garnered them notoriety at the 1964 World’s Fair when they’d sponsored “Progressland: A Walt Disney
    Presentation” or as is commonly known now, the Carousel of Progress. If you don’t
    know how these pavilion sponsorship’s work, here’s how: A company, in this case GE sponsors a pavilion. Then Imagineers conceive and designed a ride, the sponsoring
    company pays any and all construction costs and – boom, a new pavilion is made. In return, the sponsoring company gets to have their logo featured on the pavilion and a say in the Imagineering process of the ride. GE’s original idea for this ride
    would be one that showcased how Thomas Edison’s invention of the light bulb was the
    beginning of what would eventually become General Electric and that was
    it, just a ride focus solely on GE. Thankfully, imagineers objected to this
    idea and encouraged a more broad representation of America’s future
    before the tie-in to electricity was dropped altogether and the attraction
    grew more like its original concept as the epitome of all the future world
    pavilions combined. While Horizons was in its planning stage was called “Century 3”, which referred to America’s third century that would encompass from 1976 to 2076. However the name didn’t make much sense to anybody outside of Americans
    who were projected to be a big part of Epcot’s visitors. The rides name was then
    changed to its new name “Future Probe”. This name didn’t stick around too long
    either due to its use of the word “probe” and the given medical association with
    it as it was thought to confuse people. And on top of that it just doesn’t sound
    very appealing… Finally, the name of the ride was changed to
    its final name: Horizons. Construction of the attraction began in 1981 and ran into
    a few problems along the way. And this, will be new horizons. 21st century living on the land, under the sea and in outer space. One of which being, a 10 million dollar
    budget cut at the last minute. But if you think 10 million’s a lot, try 70 million.
    Because that’s how much the ride would have been to make pre-budget cuts so,
    it’s understandable why they weren’t eager to throw another 10 million
    dollars with the ride. In order to make up for the lost funds the ride was scaled down at least 35% and 600 feet worth of track were removed. Even with these
    problems the ride was completed on time, Construction was finished sometime in
    1983 the attraction was open on October 1st of that same year. Which was the
    first anniversary of Epcot itself. When Horizons opened, media and special guests gathered for the grand opening plenty of big names were there including
    Ron Miller, the CEO of Disney Productions. Roland Schmidt of General Electric.
    Florida’s lieutenant governor, Wayne Mixon and Walt Disney World ambassador
    Cynthia Pleasant. It was a pretty big to-do, speeches were, balloons were
    released into the air and trumpets played the Epcot theme. The ride was very popular
    during its operating years with park guests as it was basically unofficial
    sequel to Carousel of Progress which, had already proved itself to be a big hit since it was first released in the mid-60s. In some aspects, Horizons could be
    considered better than the Carousel of Progress, as it showed a broad future
    consistently throughout the ride. As opposed to only showing a future in 1/4
    of the ride. It was also an omnimover dark ride instead of a stage show. The omnimover system wasn’t that different with the one used on the Haunted Mansion, the
    common thread being that neither stop and are constantly going on a track that
    allows for daily high capacity, and allows for short wait times. The only real
    difference between the two is that Horizons cars hang from the ceiling while the
    Haunted Mansions remain on the ground at all times. Horizons also featured two 90
    foot tall omnisphere theaters in between sets. Similar to the room at the end of
    Spaceship Earth. Horizons was also different from other rides in that, it was interactive
    and would let you choose your own ending. A very unique concept that tied in with
    the rides theme of “a future with options”. On September 30th of 1993
    General Electric’s sponsorship of the Horizons pavilion was up when their contract
    expired. GE chose not to renew and the ride was
    left without any financial backing for the first time in its decade of
    operation. Any mentions of General Electric were removed from the ride. For
    instance, at the beginning of the ride after you’d board you would hear this: Ride Narrator: “GE – Horizons passengers, you are now cleared for departure to the 21st century.” But in 1994 that was changed to this: Ride Narrator: “Horizons One is now departing. Our final destination today: The 21st century.” Along with that, the GE logos were removed from the interior and exterior of the ride. Ride Narrator: “From all of us, thanks for exploring Horizons.” Along with having no company sponsor, came the issue of having no company funding. So now, whenever something broke on the
    ride; an animatronic, for example, it would stay broken. As would be
    unprofitable for Disney to fix it, since it was coming out of their pockets and
    not General Electric’s. During the rides final years, parts of it had fallen into a
    real state of disrepair. Now normally a 10 year old ride can expect issues like
    these after operating day in, and day out every day for that long the only issue
    here was that Disney was hardly even attempting to fix these problems. But why?
    Why have such an iconic ride, such a big part of future world and Epcot Center
    itself be in such a sad state? Well, Disney would answer this question in the
    following months. in December of 1994, just three months after General Electric’s contract expired. Horizons just closed down. No statements were given, no
    timetables as when it might reopen, no indication beforehand, nothing. Things
    stayed quiet until one year later when Horizons suddenly reopened. Nothing
    inside was changed, no refurbishments or anything to explain its year-long absence
    but, fans of the ride really didn’t care. They were just happy that Horizons was
    reopened. The real reason that Epcot reopened Horizons was because two other future
    world attractions were closed at the time. Those rides being, “World of Motion”
    which was, at the time, being converted into Test Track and Universe of Energy,
    which was being turned into Ellen’s energy. Adventure if Horizons didn’t open
    back up, only one pavilion would be open on the eastern side of future world,
    which isn’t good. So, Epcot really didn’t have much of a choice other than to
    reopen for the next three years to make up for the other out-of-commission pavilions. But finally on January 19th of 1999, Horizons was officially closed down for good. before demolition began Disney officials
    knew they would have to come up with a good excuse for completely demoing ride
    that at this point had become a veritable cult classic at the park there
    were a number of reasons for it as to why the building couldn’t be restored or
    its attraction updated the first of which means is the new rides building
    would be played larger than the horizon building and they had no choice but to
    tear it down to make room for the new one as it’s already been proved that’s
    not true the Verizon’s building is noticeably larger than its replacement
    rides building later it was alleged that a huge sinkhole is beginning to take
    form under the horizons building it was weakening the Billington near collapse
    the sinkhole allegation was later proved true by Marty Sklar which does need an
    international ambassador the single excuse was generally accepted today is
    the real reason as to why the attraction was ultimately demolished in March of
    2000 horizons began to be empty some props and sets will preserve for example
    the robot Butler seen in the easy living section of the ride was moved to Disney
    Hollywood studios to be put on display a few other props removed at Disneyland
    Paris and can still be seen there today there were also rumors of various other
    animatronics in the ride spider around Disney parks including this guy because
    he was alleged to be stashing her Magic Kingdom’s Carousel of Progress I have no
    real way to confirm any of these claims but I don’t think it’s really out of the
    realm of possibility that some of these animatronics could have been repurposed
    or is still intact and lingering around the parks also the famous mural seen at
    the end of the ride the prologue in the promise was a room prior to demolition
    is currently in Disney offices unable to be seen by the public but hey Alicia
    wasn’t destroyed later that month the Omni we ride vehicles removed and there
    seriously no telling where these things are the most I can find is a few
    pictures of them stashing some warehouse some people say they were sold up
    individually others say they were all destroyed and nobody really notes what
    became with vehicles mission space would be the ride to replace horizons
    begins construction in September of 2000 the ride officially opened however on
    August 5th 2003 for anyone who doesn’t know mission spaces simulator ride and
    its riders operating spacecraft on the first manned mission to Mars
    Wright is most commonly known for juicing centrifugal force for the
    g-force effect that is if you choose to go on the orange team over green green
    is the exact same simulator ride just without the spinning if you want my
    opinion now go orange if you can I always think it’s way more fun I don’t
    want to help you fun the back story or history of the ride since I’m pretty
    sure I’ll be making a whole from video on mission space when it gets
    replaced by something else soon enough I mean that rides been open for at least
    10 years now there I was built and open without much from from the public but
    much as I should rent a horizons fans who didn’t think it was a worthy
    successor to the classic ride and I have to say that I agree now I’ve got nothing
    against mission space I make it a point to write it every time I go to Epcot but
    through the research I’ve done the recording for the ride I’ve seen and
    just general feel the attraction there is something that horizons has a mission
    space just falls short of having that dancing character yeah horizons focused
    on the future but it showed our future mission space just feels cold in between
    the space theme throughout it and just being a simulator it really takes away
    from the sentimentality you could have horizons still lives on today through
    Berry’s tribute website video of the ride references and nods on other rides
    and through its fans horizons really was the epitome of what the original idea
    behind Epcot was that being the future and hope for it mission space is fun but
    it really is a far cry from what is still considered to a lot of people to
    be the best dark ride ever

    Articles

    China’s Super Highway: MEGAPROJECTS (Part 6)

    September 13, 2019


    China is about halfway done building the largest
    expressway system in the world, and it’s done so at a feverish pace over the last 25
    years to keep up with the rise of the automobile as the country – and the world – has shifted
    away from a rail-based transportation system. The first expressway within the National Trunk
    Highway System, as it’s called, opened in 1988 and today, just 26 years later, the system
    is over 65,000 miles long. In the ten years since 2004, the network has tripled in length.
    Each year, China’s now building new expressways equivalent in length to the distance of going
    coast-to-coast and back in the United States. The Chinese system exceeded the total length
    of the US interstate highway system back in 2011. This crazy expansion has happened because
    the Chinese have embraced the car at a staggering pace. This next mind-blowing fact pretty much
    sums up this entire video: as the country’s middle class boomed and tens of millions of
    people suddenly could afford to buy cars, in the 20 years from 1985 to 2005, the number
    of passenger vehicles in China increased from 19,000 to 62 million cars on the road, that’s
    a mind-blowing increase of 323,000%. And that 62 million number is more than tripling to
    200 million by 2020. That’s why we’ve seen those stories that I thought were a joke
    the first time I read them, of traffic jams around Beijing stretching over 60 miles and
    lasting for 11 days. So this project is sorely needed simply for the country to function.
    When it’s finished, it will have cut total travel times between cities throughout the
    country, by half, on average. Overall the total cost of building the entire system is
    $240 billion dollars, that’s easily the biggest infrastructure project in human history,
    with $12 billion a year being invested through 2020. It’s been able to afford to do this
    without adding a national fuel tax because 95% of the system are toll roads owned by
    private, for-profit companies. This is a problem, as tolls are expensive at over 10 cents per
    mile…which is more than the cost of fuel itself. But regardless of how the roads are
    paid for, or whether, you drive on them in your gas or electric car, or ride in a self-driving
    car. The Chinese economy and quality of life of its people will be significantly better
    thanks to this ambitious project. It seems the whole country is embracing the Chinese
    saying, “Lutong Caiton,” wealth follows the extension of motorways.

    50 year anniversary of the trams in Brisbane City & the closure of the tramway
    Articles, Blog

    50 year anniversary of the trams in Brisbane City & the closure of the tramway

    September 11, 2019


    On the 21st of June 1897, Brisbane’s first
    electric tram dedicated to public transport rolled from Logan Road at
    Wollongabba to the southern end of the Victoria Bridge. The now-defunct tram
    network is considered a lost part of brisbane’s identity with the humble tram
    cars, everyday convenience and connections between the CBD and inner
    suburbs allowing the city to grow. 18 different tram routes were established
    throughout the network’s lifetime connecting most corners of Brisbane.
    Between the years 1944 and 45 alone almost 160 million passengers were
    carried across Brisbane. Everywhere from Stafford and Toowong, to Coorparoo and Mount Gravett were covered by more than one hundred and ninety-nine kilometers of
    track. 2019 marks 50 years since the closure of the tramway. Even now Brisbane
    residents continue to live among constant reminders of our trams. Often
    we see track poking through the bitumen and the cement that line our
    streets. Old tram stops and posts that
    continue to stand the test of time. It’s easy to wonder what our city would look
    like today if this expansive network continued to thrive.

    Articles

    Norfolk News Now – Sept. 2011 – Rise of the Tide light rail and 14 other stories from Norfolk, VA

    September 10, 2019


    CAPTIONING PROVIDED BY
    CAPTION ASSOCIATES, LLC www.captionassociates.com
    >>>COMING UP, THE RISE OF THE TIDE, A NEW COMMUNITY CENTER IS
    ONE STEP CLOSER, AND THREE NORFOLK HISTORICAL TREASURES
    HAVE A CHANCE AT A PLACE OF HONOR IN VIRGINIA’S COLLECTIONS.
    THESE AND 12 OTHER STORIES UP NEXT ON NORFOLK NEWS NOW.
    >>>WELCOME TO THE SEPTEMBER EDITION OF NORFOLK NEWS NOW.
    I’M KAREN PARKER-CHESSON WITH THE NORFOLK POLICE DEPARTMENT.
    THANKS FOR JOINING US. A WHOLE NEW WAY TO GET FROM ONE
    PLACE TO THE OTHER IN NORFOLK. AND EARLY RESULTS SHOW THE TIDE
    IS CATCHING ON FAST. THE TRIPLE-N’S JOHN LINKA HAS
    MORE.>>NORFOLK’S LIGHT RAIL BECAME A
    FORMALITY IN DECEMBER OF 2007 WITH A GROUND BREAKING AND A
    WHOLE LOT OF COMPUTER ANIMATION. FAST FORWARD TO AUGUST OF 2011,
    AND LIGHT RAIL HAS OFFICIALLY OPENED WITH A RIBBON CUTTING AND
    A LOT OF CELEBRATION.>>THE NEW ERA IN MASS TRANSIT
    WILL BEGIN FOR NORFOLK, HAMPTON ROADS, AND FOR THE COMMONWEALTH.
    ALWAYS ENVISIONED AS A REGIONAL SYSTEM, NORFOLK’S LIGHT RAIL IS
    BUT THE FIRST LEG OF WHAT CAN BECOME AN INTEGRATED RAIL
    NETWORK THAT WILL MOVE LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE EFFICIENTLY TO
    AND FROM HOME AND WORK.>>THERE WERE HUGS ALL AROUND,
    ESPECIALLY BETWEEN TWO OF THE BIGGEST PLAYERS IN BRINGING
    LIGHT RAIL TO NORFOLK, FORMER COUNCILMAN RANDY WRIGHT AND
    MAYOR PAUL FRAIM. THE OPENING WAS SO BIG, IN FACT,
    IT TURNED INTO TWO OPENING CEREMONIES.
    HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE WERE READY FOR THE OH-DARK-100 EXPRESS ON
    THE MORNING OF AUGUST 19th, 2011, AT THE NEW TOWN ROAD
    STATION. THE 5:55 A.M. INAUGURAL RIDE ON
    THE TIDE LIGHT RAIL WAS PACKED FOR ITS FIRST TRIP INTO DOWNTOWN
    NORFOLK.>>TODAY IS PROOF THAT TRANSIT,
    THE LIGHT RAIL WILL FILL MODES OF TRANSPORTATION IN HAMPTON
    ROADS AND THIS IS A FIRST STEP AND A GREAT STEP.
    >>IT’S GOING TO BE A GOOD THING FOR OUR BUSINESS.
    WE HAVE OUR BUSINESS OFF LOOP DRIVE, AND A
    LOT OF OUR
    CUSTOMERS WORK DOWNTOWN NORFOLK AND THIS IS GOING TO WORK OUT
    WELL FOR US.>>AND IF YOU THOUGHT THE TRAIN
    ARRIVED EARLY ON OPENING DAY –>>I WAS UP AT 1:00 A.M. THIS
    MORNING AND I ARRIVED AT THE NEW TOWN STATION AROUND 1:30.
    >>GREAT TO SEE SO MANY PEOPLE HERE.
    WE ACTUALLY HAVE A LOT OF FANS FOR LIGHT RAIL, AND THE BUZZ IN
    THE CITY OVER THE PAST SEVERAL DAYS HAS BEEN VERY POSITIVE, AND
    SO IT’S SORT OF A RELIEF TO GET TO THIS MOMENT AND HAVE THE
    SYSTEM SO WELL RECEIVED.>>WELL RECEIVED WOULD BE THE
    UNDERSTATEMENT OF THE WEEKEND. WE’LL GET TO THAT IN A MINUTE.
    BUT FIRST, LET’S HIT THE WAYBACK MACHINE FOR A SECOND, SHALL WE?
    WE MENTIONED THE GROUNDBREAKING IN DECEMBER OF 2007.
    IN JANUARY 2009, THERE WAS A TRIP TO HIGH STEEL STRUCTURES IN
    LANCASTER, PENNSYLVANIA. WHERE LIGHT RAIL STEEL BRIDGE
    GIRDERS WERE BEING GHAILT WOULD GO — BEING BUILT THAT WOULD GO
    INTO THE OVERPASSES ALONG THE ROUTE AND IT TOOK MORE THAN TWO
    DAYS TO BRING THIS 55,000-POUND BEAST MORE THAN 400 MILES
    THROUGH RAIN, SLEET, AND SNOW BACK TO NORFOLK.
    IN 2009, WE MET 91-YEAR-OLD RANDALL PIKE, THE OLDEST LIVING
    NORFOLK STREET CAR DRIVER FROM THE HEYDAY IN THE 1940s, WHO GOT
    A CHANCE TO SIT AT THE CONTROLS OF ONE OF THE NEW TRAINS.
    MORE RECENTLY, MEMBERS OF NORFOLK CITY COUNCIL GOT A SNEAK
    SPEAK VIP RIDE ON THE TIDE AND A TOUR OF THE TIDE’S MAINTENANCE
    AND OPERATIONS FACILITY.>>WE HAVE A PLACE IN THE AREA
    TO ALLOWS US TO ASSEMBLE AND DISASSEMBLE THE ASSEMBLIES
    UNDERNEATH THE TRAIN. IT’S AN AWFUL LOT OF HEAVY METAL
    AND AP PAT RUS THAT MAKES THE TRAINS GO.
    >>CONTROL CENTER IS CONSIDERED THE NERVE CENTER OF THE RAIL.
    THE CONTROLLER’S JOB, PRIME RESPONSIBILITY IS TO MAKE SURE
    WE HAVE SAFE TRAIN MOVEMENT.>>ENOUGH ABOUT THE PAST.
    THIS THREE-DAY OPENING WEEKEND OF THE TIDE WAS ABOUT A
    CELEBRATION. A CELEBRATION OF THE BEGINNING
    OF A NEW ERA OF PUBLIC TRANSIT IN NORFOLK AND THE STATE OF
    VIRGINIA.>>MAJOR METROPOLITAN AREAS ALL
    ACROSS THE COUNTRY HAVE PURSUED LIGHT RAIL AND WE ARE, IN FACT,
    THE SMALL LESS CITY IN THE COUNTRY TO ACHIEVE THIS GOAL.
    >>THERE WAS SOMETHING FOR EVERYONE THROUGHOUT THE 11 LIGHT
    RAIL STATIONS ON OPENING WEEKEND, INCLUDING FREE COFFEE
    FOR THE EARLY RISERS, A LIVE RADIO BROADCAST AS WELL AS
    ENTERTAINMENT. AND ON OPENING WEEKEND, EVERYONE
    GOT TO RIDE THE TIDE FOR FREE. NOT JUST ON THE INAUGURAL RIDE,
    BUT EVERY RIDE ON FRIDAY, SATURDAY, AND SUNDAY ALONG THE
    ENTIRE 7.4-MILE ROUTE.>>THE EXPERIENCE IS NICE.
    IT’S AWESOME.>>REMEMBER MAYOR PAUL FRAIM
    SAYING THIS EARLIER IN THE STORY?
    >>SORT OF A RELIEF TO GET TO THIS MOMENT AND HAVE THE SYSTEM
    SO WELL RECEIVED.>>IT WAS WELL RECEIVED, ALL
    RIGHT. JUST A FEW HOURS INTO THE FIRST
    DAY OF OPENING WEEKEND, IT WAS TIME TO FIGURE OUT WHAT WAS MORE
    CROWD, THE TRAINS THEMSELVES.>>THEY DON’T WANT TO GET OUT.
    >>OR THE LINES TO GET ON THE TRAINS, WHICH SEEMED LONGER THAN
    THE ENTIRE LIGHT RAIL ROUTE.>>IT’S SO CROWDS, YOU CAN’T
    REALLY ENJOY IT. I WAS THINKING, YOU KNOW, FIRST
    THING IN THE MORNING, EVERYBODY WAS GOING TO BE LOOKING TO GET
    TO IT, AND NECESSARILY LOW DOWN IN THE EVENING, BUT NO, JUST AS
    CROWDED AS IT WAS THIS MORNING.>>I COULDN’T GET ON THE TRAIN
    WHEN I LEFT CITY HALL TO GET BACK TO MY OFFICE, I HAD TO
    WALK.>>THAT PROMPTED THEM TO PUT ALL
    THE TRAINS IN USE AND JOIN NORFOLK CITY COUNCIL IN A BIG
    DECISION, EXTENDING THE FREE RIDERSHIP FOR AN ENTIRE WEEK.
    >>WE WANT PEOPLE TO HAVE A GOOD EXPERIENCE.
    >>OPENING DAY SAW MORE THAN 25,000 RIDERS AND THE FIRST
    WEEKEND HAD MORE THAN 75,000 FOLKS RIDING THE TIDE.
    BY THE TIME YOU’RE WATCHING THIS, THE FREE RIDE WILL BE OVER
    AND YOU HAVE TO BUY A TICKET TO RIDE THE TIDE, SO HOW DO YOU DO
    THAT? WITH THESE KIOSKS.
    THE COSTS ARE $1.50 PER TRIP AND YOU CAN BUY VARIETY OF GO PASSES
    THAT ARE GOOD FROM ANYWHERE FROM ONE DAY TO 30 DAYS AT A TIME, SO
    MATTER WHAT TYPE OF TICKET YOU BUY, YOU WILL BE MUCH HAPPIER
    SITTING IN THE TIDE THAN SITTING IN TRAFFIC LIKE THIS WATCHING
    THE TIDE GO BY. FOURD BY AN OVERHEAD ELECTRICAL
    SYSTEM, NORFOLK’S LIGHT RAIL IS THE GREEN WAY TO GET AROUND
    NORFOLK.>>THE BEST THING ABOUT IT IS
    YOU’RE RIDING WITH OTHERS AND YOU ARE AVOIDING THE USE OF
    FOSSIL FUEL, GASOLINE AS FOSSIL FUEL AND BY BURNING THAT IN YOUR
    CAR, THOSE POLLUTANTS END UP GOING INTO THE ATMOSPHERE AND
    END UP CREATING PROBLEMS FOR OUR ENVIRONMENT.
    >>EACH OF THESE NINE LIGHT RAIL VEHICLES IS JUST OVER 93 FEET
    LONG, JUST UNDER 100,000 POUNDS, AND CAN TRAVEL UP TO 55 MILES
    PER HOUR. BEING THAT BIG AND FAST, THESE
    LIGHT RAIL TRAINS ARE NOTHING TO PLAY WITH.
    >>VERY IMPORTANT THAT PEOPLE PAY ATTENTION TO THE SIGNALS,
    PAY ATTENTION TO THEIR DRIVING, THEIR WALKING, AND REMEMBER THAT
    TRAINS WILL BE RUNNING ON A REGULAR SCHEDULE.
    >>THEY SEAT A TOTAL OF 68 AND CAN CARRY UP TO 180 PASSENGERS.
    THERE ARE EVEN FOUR WHEELCHAIR SPACES AND BIKE RACKS ON THE
    TRAIN AND WHETHER YOU’RE SITTING OR STANDING, YOU WILL HAVE SOME
    GREAT VIEWS OF NORFOLK, BUT PERHAPS THE BEST VIEW OF ALL,
    SEEING NORFOLK LEAD THE WAY WHEN IT COMES TO PUBLIC TRANSIT IN
    VIRGINIA.>>THE BIGGEST THANKS GOES TO
    THE CITIZENS OF NORFOLK. IN SPITE OF COST OVERRUNS,
    DELAYS IN THE STARTING DATE AND UNFLATTERING ARTICLES, YOU STUCK
    WITH US. OUR CITIZENS NEVER LOST
    CONFIDENCE. THEY NEVER TURNED THEIR BACKS ON
    US, AND OUR HEARTIEST THANKS IMPOSE OUT TO THE CITIZENS OF
    NORFOLK.>>THE CITIZENS OF NORFOLK AND,
    IN FACT, ALL OF HAMPTON ROADS HAVE EMBRACED LIGHT RAIL.
    WE’VE HAD RIDERS FROM THE PENINSULA, LOTS OF RIDERS FROM
    VIRGINIA BEACH AND CHESAPEAKE, FROM ALL OVER THE REGION AND THE
    RESPONSE HAS BEEN VERY, VERY FAVORABLE.
    WE’RE ON TO SOMETHING VERY BIG HERE.
    >>THANK YOU FOR RIDING THE TIDE.
    WE HOPE YOU ENJOY YOUR TRIP.>>FOR NORFOLK NEWS NOW, I’M
    JOHN LINKA.>>FOR MORE SPECIFIC INFORMATION
    ON THE TIDE, INCLUDING ROUTE TIMES AND FARE COSTS, JUST LOG
    ON TO NORFOLK.GOV.>>>NEARLY 5,000 NORFOLK SENIORS
    GOT ALMOST $7 MILLION IN REAL ESTATE TAX RELIEF LAST YEAR
    THANKS TO A CITY COUNCIL-APPROVED CAP.
    THE CAP IS INTENDED TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL RELIEF FOR OLDER
    NORFOLK CITIZENS WHO ARE FREQUENTLY STRUGGLING WITH THE
    CHALLENGES OF A FIXED INCOME. THE PROGRAM IS ADMINISTERED BY
    THE OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF THE REVENUE.
    DURING MARCH, APRIL, AND MAY OF EACH YEAR, TAX RELIEF TEAMS SET
    UP SHOP IN FOUR SATELLITE OFFICES THROUGHOUT THE CITY TO
    HELP SENIORS FILL OUT THE NECESSARY PAPERWORK.
    TEAM MEMBERS SAY SENIORS FREQUENTLY TELL THEM THE MONEY
    THEY SAVE THROUGH TAX RELIEF MAKES THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
    BUYING GROCERIES AND PAYING THE ELECTRIC BILL.
    TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT REAL ESTATE TAX RELIEF FOR SENIOR
    CITIZENS, CALL 664-7888.>>>THE CITY AND THE SALVATION
    ARMY ARE TAKING THE NEXT STEPS TOWARD MAKING THE RAY AND JOAN
    KROC COMMUNITY CENTER A REALITY. THE 80,000-SQUARE-FOOT CENTER
    WILL BE BUILT IN THE BROAD CREEK SECTION OF THE CITY.
    BROAD CREEK WAS SELECTED BECAUSE IT IS HOME TO A RACIALLY AND
    ECONOMICALLY DIVERSE COMMUNITY OF RESIDENTS.
    THE COMMUNITY CENTER WILL BE DESIGNED AND CONSTRUCTED BY THE
    SALVATION ARMY, WHO IS TASKED WITH CREATING CENTERS IN MORE
    THAN TWO DOZEN COMMUNITIES ACROSS THE COUNTRY.
    >>THE SALVATION ARMY IS COMMITTED TO CREATING A
    FIRST-CLASS GATEWAY AND SPIRITUAL CENTER, PRODUCING
    TANGIBLE OUTCOMES THAT WILL TRANSFORM YOUTH, FAMILIES AND
    NEIGHBORHOODS IN HAMPTON ROADS THROUGH EDUCATIONAL, CREATIVE
    ARTS, AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES.
    >>IT WILL SIT AT THE CORNER OF BALLENTINE BOULEVARD AND
    PRINCESS ANNE ROAD. PLANS INCLUDE A POOL AND WATER
    PARK, EXERCISE ROOMS, ELEVATED INDOOR RUNNING TRACK,
    AUDITORIUM/PERFORMING ARTS AREA, MEETING ROOMS, AND ROOMS FOR
    CHILDHOOD PROGRAMS.  THE SALVATION ARMY REQUIRES
    $28 MILLION IN PRIVATE CONTRIBUTIONS, WHICH IT WILL
    MATCH, TO SET UP AN ENDOWMENT TO RUN THE CENTER ONCE IT IS BUILT.
    THE SALVATION ARMY WILL SPEND APPROXIMATELY $28 MILLION ON
    CONSTRUCTION.  NOW THAT FUNDRAISING IS NEARLY
    COMPLETE, THE NEXT STEP INVOLVES THE CITY ATTORNEY AND SALVATION
    ARMY FINALIZING ALL NECESSARY LEGAL DOCUMENTS AND RELATED
    CLOSINGS FOR THE SALE OF LAND BY THE CITY TO THE SALVATION ARMY.
    >>>IN A CONTINUING EFFORT TO BUILD AND IMPROVE NEIGHBORHOODS
    FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS, MEMBERS OF NORFOLK CITY COUNCIL HAVE
    TEAMED UP WITH THE WARDS CORNER TASK FORCE TO PURCHASE
    PROPERTIES WITHIN THE DENBY PARK NEIGHBORHOOD.
    THE CITY HAS ACQUIRED A TOTAL OF 68 APARTMENT UNITS THROUGHOUT
    SEVEN BUILDINGS IN THE TEXAS STREETS SECTION OF DENBY PARK AT
    A TOTAL PRICE OF JUST OVER $2.7 MILLION.
    >>THIS IS A SIGNIFICANT STEP FORWARD, AS I SAID, FOR ALL OF
    WARDS CORNER. EVERYBODY HERE, ALL OF MY
    COUNCIL MEMBERS, HAVE WORKED VERY HARD ON THIS ISSUE.
    THE MONIES THAT WE ARE SPENDING FOR THE ACQUISITION HAVE BEEN
    APPROPRIATED OVER A COUPLE OF BUDGETS.
    OUR GOAL IN THE FUTURE IS ACTUALLY TO BUY MORE OF THESE
    APARTMENTS AND DO MORE GOOD HERE IN WARDS CORNER.
    >>THE BUILDINGS ARE ON SAN ANTONIO BOULEVARD.
    16 OF THE UNITS ARE CURRENTLY OCCUPIED BUT WORK IS UNDERWAY TO
    PROVIDE TENANTS WITH EQUAL OR BETTER APARTMENT.
    WITHIN PROPERTIES OF THE CURRENT LAND OWNERS.
    >>THE WARDS CORNER IS IN THE MIDDLE OF OUR CITY AND IT
    AFFECTS ALL OF US AND FIVE COUNCIL PEOPLE TOUCH THIS AREA,
    SO THIS IS A MAJOR STEP.>>IT CANNOT STOP JUST ON THE
    ACQUISITION OF THESE UNITS. WE HAVE THE COMMERCIAL AREA TO
    DEAL WITH AND THE CONTINUED EFFORT TO BRING THE COMMERCIAL
    AREA BACK TO WHAT IT WAS, AND THIS IS THE ABSOLUTE FIRST STEP
    TO MAKE IT HAPPEN.>>ALL OF THE CURRENT LEASES
    EXPIRE NO LATER THAN JULY 2012 AS UNITS BECOME AVAILABLE AND A
    ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY WILL BE CONDUCTED.
    >>WE’RE COMMITTED AS A CITY AND AS COUNCIL MEMBERS TO LISTEN TO
    THE CITIZENS OF DENBY PARK AND WARDS KOERNTION AND I BELIEVE
    THAT — CORNER AND I BELIEVE THAT THIS ACTION IS THE FIRST OF
    MANY STEPS TO REVITALIZE THE DENBY PARK AND WARDS CORNER
    AREA, AND MAKE IT PART OF WHAT MAKES NORFOLK A WONDERFUL CITY
    TO LIVE, WORK, AND PLAY.>>>THE DIVISION OF
    TRANSPORTATION HAS TAKEN STEPS TO MAKE THINGS A LITTLE SAFER
    FOR MOTORISTS ON TIDEWATER DRIVE AND GRANBY STREET.
    WORKERS HAVE CREATED A SO-CALLED SAFE ZONE.
    THE ZONE IS A SMALL ACCESS LANE CREATED BY NARROWING AND
    RESTRIPING THE APPROACHING LANES ON GRANBY STREET.
    THE ADJUSTMENT PROVIDES SAFER ACCESS FOR VEHICLES ENTERING
    FROM TIDEWATER DRIVE. THE CHANGE WAS MADE AT THE
    REQUEST OF A CITIZEN HOPING TO CALM TRAFFIC IN THE BUSY
    CORRIDOR. MOTORISTS HAVE ALREADY NOTICED
    THE DIFFERENCE IN THE NEW CONFIGURATION AND HAVE EXPRESSED
    THEIR THANKS TO PUBLIC WORKS FOR THE IMPROVED ACCESS AND
    VISIBILITY.>>>CITY INSPECTORS ROUTINELY
    EVALUATE NORFOLK’S BRIDGES AGAINST NATIONAL BRIDGE
    INSPECTION STANDARDS. THE VIRGINIA BEACH BOULEVARD
    BRIDGE WAS RECENTLY CHECKED AND FOUND TO HAVE SOME MINOR
    DETERIORATION. TO ADDRESS THE PROBLEM, CREWS
    REPAIRED MINOR CRACKS ON THE SURFACE OF THE BRIDGE WITH
    ASPHALT. THE BRIDGE’S SUPERSTRUCTURE, THE
    SUPPORTS BELOW THE DRIVING SURFACE, AND THE SUBSTRUCTURES,
    THE FOUNDATION AND SUPPORT POSTS, WERE ALL DEEMED SOUND.
    >>>THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH’S FREE CAR SEAT AND BOOSTER SEAT
    PROGRAM HAS MOVED TO A NEW HOME. THE POPULAR PROGRAM IS NOW AT
    THE NORFOLK PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER AT 830 SOUTHAMPTON AVENUE NEAR
    THE INTERSECTION OF BRAMBLETON AND COLLEY.
    THERE IS SOME FREE PARKING AVAILABLE RIGHT IN FRONT OF THE
    BUILDING. ADDITIONAL PARKING IS AVAILABLE
    IN THE FORT NORFOLK PLAZA GARAGE.
    THE FIRST HOUR AT THE GARAGE IS FREE.
    PREGNANT WOMEN AND SENIORS APPLYING FOR A FREE CHILD SAFETY
    SEAT WHO PARK IN THE GARAGE ARE ELIGIBLE FOR FREE GOLF CART
    SHUTTLE SERVICE TO AND FROM THE PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER.
    >>>WHEN WE COME BACK, A NEW LOOK FOR ONE OF NORFOLK’S
    SHELTERS.>>>PLUS, NO NEED TO FEAR THE
    LIBRARY DURING FINE-FREE DAYS.>>>AND WE’LL TELL YOU WHAT HAD
    FOLKS BUZZING AT THE BOTANICAL GARDEN.
    >>>WELCOME BACK TO THE TRIPLE-N.
    22 NEW RECRUITS ARE HITTING THE BOOKS AND THE GYM, WORKING
    TOWARD A GOAL OF BECOMING DEPUTIES IN THE NORFOLK
    SHERIFF’S DEPARTMENT. THE 17 MEN AND FIVE WOMEN ARE
    PART OF THE 47th BASIC TRAINING ACADEMY.
    THEY WILL TRAIN FOR THREE MONTHS IN EVERYTHING FROM CORRECTIONS
    POLICY TO WEAPONS. RECRUITS WHO SUCCESSFULLY
    COMPLETE THE RIGOROUS PROGRAM WILL GRADUATE FROM ACADEMY ON
    NOVEMBER 10th.>>>IF YOU’VE BEEN HIDING FROM
    THE NORFOLK PUBLIC LIBRARY BECAUSE YOU HAVE OVERDUE ITEMS
    OR A MISSING CARD, SEPTEMBER IS YOUR LUCKY MONTH.
    IN HONOR OF NATIONAL LIBRARY CARD SIGN-UP MONTH, THE NORFOLK
    PUBLIC LIBRARY IS EXTENDING AMNESTY TO THE MORE FORGETFUL
    AMONG US. FOR TWO WEEKS, SEPTEMBER 16th
    THROUGH THE 30th, PATRONS CAN RETURN OVERDUE BOOKS AND OTHER
    MATERIALS WITHOUT FEAR OF FINES. YOU CAN ALSO COME BY AND REPLACE
    A LOST LIBRARY CARD WITHOUT ANY FEE AS WELL.
    AND WITH ALL THAT MONEY YOU SAVE ON FINES, YOU CAN HELP OUT YOUR
    NEIGHBORS. NPL IS HOSTING A FOOD DRIVE TO
    BENEFIT THE FOODBANK OF SOUTHEASTERN VIRGINIA TO
    COINCIDE WITH FINE-FREE DAYS. YOU CAN DROP OFF NON-PERISHABLE
    FOOD ITEMS AT ANY NPL LOCATION BETWEEN THE 16th AND THE 30th.
    FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT FINE-FREE DAYS OR THE FOOD
    DRIVE, CALL 664-7328 AND ASK FOR EXTENSION 352.
    >>>THE KIDS MAY BE BACK IN SCHOOL, BUT THANKS TO NPL, THEY
    SPENT THE SUMMER HITTING THE BOOKS.
    THE THEME FOR THIS YEAR’S SUMMER READING PROGRAM WAS “AMAZING
    TALES AT YOUR LIBRARY.” BUT ALL THE ACTION WASN’T JUST
    IN THE PAGES OF GOOD BOOKS. MAGICIANS, JUGGLERS,
    FIRE-BREATHING STUNTMEN, MUSICIANS, AND MORE VISITED
    VARIOUS BRANCHES TO BRING THE ADVENTURE OF READING TO LIFE.
    PARTICIPANTS EARNED PRIZES AS AN INCENTIVE FOR PARTICIPATING IN
    THE PROGRAM. AND ONE GRAND PRIZE WINNER WON A
    NOOK COLOR E-READER FOR PARTICIPATING.
    THE READING FUN WASN’T LIMITED TO THE KIDS, THOUGH.
    ADULTS PARTICIPATED IN THEIR OWN VERSION OF THE PROGRAM BY
    SUBMITTING MORE THAN 800 REVIEWS FOR BOOKS THEY READ OVER THE
    SUMMER. SIX WINNERS OF WEEKLY DRAWINGS
    WON PRIZES FROM BOOK LIGHTS TO DVDs.
    >>>THE DWELLING PLACE, ONE OF NORFOLK’S PARTNER PROGRAMS
    PROVIDING SHELTER AND SUPPORT TO HOMELESS FAMILIES, IS GETTING A
    BIT OF A FACELIFT. MAYORS ACROSS THE COUNTRY WERE
    INVITED TO SUBMIT APPLICATIONS FOR SHELTERS IN THEIR CITY TO
    PROVIDE AN OPPORTUNITY TO LIFT SPIRITS THROUGH A NEW COAT OF
    PAINT. ONE CITY WAS SELECTED FOR EACH
    STATE AND NORFOLK WAS NAMED THE WINNER FOR VIRGINIA.
    THE AWARD INCLUDES A CONTRIBUTION OF PAINT FROM
    BENJAMIN MOORE AND VOLUNTEER PROFESSIONAL PAINTING
    CONTRACTORS WILL PAINT THE INTERIOR OF THE DWELLING PLACE
    FOR FREE.>>>THE CITY OF NORFOLK HAS
    THREE ENTRIES COMPETING TO BE NAMED AMONG VIRGINIA’S TOP 10
    ARTIFACTS. THE GOAL OF VIRGINIA’S TOP 10 IS
    TO RAISE PUBLIC AWARENESS ABOUT CARE OF COLLECTIONS THROUGHOUT
    VIRGINIA, D.C., AND BEYOND. THE CONTEST IS COORDINATED BY
    THE VIRGINIA COLLECTIONS INSTITUTE, A STATEWIDE
    COLLABORATION AIMED AT ENSURING THE ONGOING SAFETY AND
    STEWARDSHIP OF COLLECTIONS HELD BY VIRGINIA’S MUSEUMS, ARCHIVES,
    AND LIBRARIES. THE “USS WISCONSIN” AT NAUTICUS,
    THE MOSES EZEKIEL STATUE COLLECTION AT THE NORFOLK
    BOTANICAL GARDEN, AND AN 1843 COPY OF THE DECLARATION OF
    INDEPENDENCE FROM THE NORFOLK HISTORICAL SOCIETY HAVE ALL BEEN
    NOMINATED.>>WE APPARENTLY HAVE HAD THIS
    DOCUMENT TO PROBABLY 30 OR SO YEARS.
    WE’RE NOT REALLY SURE WHO GAVE IT TO US, ALTHOUGH WE NOR IT WAS
    FRAMED — WE KNOW IT WAS FRAMED IN PORTSMOUTH BECAUSE THERE’S A
    LITTLE PLATE ON THE BACK OF THE PICTURE SAYING WHERE IT WAS
    FRAMED. WE’VE HAD IT FOR A REALLY LONG
    TIME, HAD IT HANGING OUT AT FORT NORFOLK IN ONE OF THE BUILDINGS
    OUT THERE, EXPOSED TO THE DAYLIGHT AND ALL THE THINGS THAT
    ARE NOT REALLY GOOD FOR ARTIFACTS, AND WE STARTED
    LOOKING AT SOME OF THE THINGS THAT WE HAD.
    WE’RE STARTING TO DO AN INVENTORY OF SOME OF OUR BOOKS
    AND OTHER MATERIALS, AND WHEN WE SAW THE DECLARATION OF
    INDEPENDENCE, WE IMMEDIATELY DID RESEARCH TO SEE IF IT’S AN
    ORIGINAL 1776, AND IT’S NOT, BUT WE DID DATE IT BACK TO 1843,
    WHICH WAS THE SECOND FACSIMILE PRINTING OF THE DECLARATION, SO
    STILL PRETTY RARE. WE IMMEDIATELY TOOK IT OFF THE
    WALL AND NOW WE’RE TRYING TO GET IT DECLARED ONE OF THE MOST
    ENDANGERED ARTIFACTS. WE HOPE TO BE ABLE TO USE THAT
    TO GET FUNDING TO HAVE IT CONSERVED PROPERLY SO THAT WE
    CAN DISPLAY IT MAYBE EVEN NEXT YEAR DURING THE BUY CENTENNIAL
    OF THE WAR OF 1812.>>TO VOTE, GO TO
    VATOP10ARTIFACTS.ORG AND CLICK THE “HOW DO I VOTE” TAB AT THE
    TOP OF THE PAGE. THE TEN ITEMS SELECTED BY VOTERS
    WILL EARN THE DISTINCTION OF BECOMING ONE OF VIRGINIA’S
    TOP 10 ENDANGERED ARTIFACTS.>>>THE DISCOVERY MUSIC SERIES
    AT THE ATTUCKS THEATER KICKS OFF THIS MONTH WITH THE FIRST IN A
    SERIES OF TEN PERFORMANCES. THE SERIES RUNS THROUGH APRIL OF
    NEXT YEAR. AND THIS YEAR’S BLUES AND INDY
    ARTISTS ARE THE COWBOY JUNKIES AND RUTHIE FOSTER.
    THE TICKETS START AT $95. SUBSCRIBERS ALSO GET ACCESS TO
    THE VEER MAGAZINE LIBATION LOUNGE, DISCOUNTS FROM DOWNTOWN
    RESTAURANTS, AND A DISCOVERY SERIES T-SHIRT AND POSTER.
    TICKETS CAN BE PURCHASED FROM TICKETMASTER AT 1-800-745-3000
    OR ONLINE AT TICKETMASTER.COM.>>>THERE WAS PLENTY OF BUZZ AT
    THE NORFOLK BOTANICAL GARDEN NOT TOO LONG AGO.
    NBG HOSTED AN EVENT TO MARK NATIONAL HONEY BEE AWARENESS DAY
    RECENTLY. THE EVENT FEATURED PLENTY OF
    ACTIVITIES FOR THE KIDS, REFRESHMENTS AND DOOR PRIZES,
    AND, OF COURSE, HONEY AND BEE VENDORS.
    VISITORS ALSO GOT AN UP-CLOSE LOOK INSIDE A REAL BEE HIVE.
    THE EVENT WAS HOSTED IN PARTNERSHIP WITH THE BEEKEEPERS
    GUILD OF SOUTHEAST VIRGINIA.>>>LIGHT IS FADING EARLIER IN
    THE EVENING THIS TIME OF YEAR, SO IT’S A GREAT TIME TO LOOK FOR
    INDOOR ACTIVITIES TO FILL YOUR TIME.
    “GOOD TIMES” IS THE PLACE TO GO TO FIND ALL THERE IS TO DO IN
    NORFOLK THIS FALL. FROM SWIMMING CLASSES TO FIRING
    UP THE POTTERY KILN, THERE ARE EVENTS AND ACTIVITIES SURE TO
    SUIT ANY AND ALL LEVELS OF ABILITY.
    YOU CAN CHECK OUT A COMPLETE LISTING OF RECREATION
    OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FALL EDITION OF “GOOD TIMES”
    MAGAZINE. YOU CAN DOWNLOAD IT FROM THE
    CITY’S WEBSITE AT WWW.NORFOLK.GOV/GOOD TIMES.
    THE MAGAZINE HAS ALL THE DETAILS ON LOCATIONS, TIMES, AND ANY
    ASSOCIATED FEES.>>>THAT WRAPS UP THE SEPTEMBER
    EDITION OF NORFOLK NEWS NOW ON THE TRIPLE-N.
    THANKS FOR WATCHING NORFOLK’S NEIGHBORHOOD NETWORK FOR ALL
    THINGS NORFOLK. I’M KAREN PARKER-CHESSON WITH
    THE NORFOLK POLICE DEPARTMENT. TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF AND YOUR
    CITY, AND CELEBRATE LIFE DAILY. CAPTIONING PROVIDED BY
    CAPTION ASSOCIATES, LLC www.captionassociates.com

    What if there was an EARTH METRO RAIL? (Geography Now!)
    Articles, Blog

    What if there was an EARTH METRO RAIL? (Geography Now!)

    September 6, 2019


    This episode is brought to you by the Great Courses plus Hey, geogrphy peeps, so I got another little topic for you guys to pontificate. I recently came across this image by Chris Gray from West Yorkshire, depicting his vision for a global metro system. It looks amazing, it has hundreds of different stations on 20 different lines, each reaching a different region of the planet – and it kind of got my gears spinning. First of all I Love trains. I love metro systems. They totally beat traffic. You know at first glance this picture You know it looks kind of fun yet a little far-fetched considering that a lot of the lines traverse what seems like impossible boundaries and the entire Pacific Ocean But what if. What would it take to make this a reality? Well first of all this map misses a few countries. Especially in oceania and the Caribbean and it doesn’t go to antarctica, but that’s okay. We can make that happen later. First of all there’s a few things you have to consider. If we were to literally connect every single continent on the planet it would take a lot of time energy and resources to an extent that the world has never seen before also It might be wise to make a lot of these trains hyper loops as to cut down the travel time with long distances which would also allow more people to travel. Now the first thing you would have to consider would be diplomacy and permission on which areas to build. If we were to connect North and South America, it’s unlikely that panama would open up the darién gap due to the indigenous tribes that refused to build on their land so we might have to build over the ocean into Colombia. That one section of land if it would just open up! Also keep in mind that unless if some kind of miracle Agreement was made it is most likely that people going to armenia would only be allowed to board a North-South train Line going through Georgia and Iran Due to the closed-off borders between turkey and Azerbaijan. Maybe North Korea would allow a train going in through either China or Vladivostok in Russia But I highly doubt there would be a simple Stopover between them and Seoul South Korea that means that if Chinese people want to visit South Korea they would either have to build a really long sea crossing line from the shandong peninsula to incheon or they would have to take a line through Taiwan and the yeah Yama and Okinawa Prefecture island up to Kyushu and then across to Busan and you get a lot of strange scenarios like that all over. I mean there’s that weird strange thing between Algeria and Morocco Ukraine and Russia Iraq and Uzbekistan are just a nightmare and unless you have the right Visa Belarus would probably just kick you out which brings us to the next part I really like the tactic that this guy had for transatlantic oceanic lines for North America He connected Canada to greenland to Iceland to scotland utilizing maximum land crossings at the shortest distance But with South America for some reason he decided to connect Belém brazil with Conakry guinea I don’t know exactly why he chose those cities for me a more reasonable route might be for Stella – maybe Dakar senegal or if You want minimal distance maybe in that tall – Freetown Sierra leone with a quick stopover in Ela Fernando? De Noronha off the coast to cross the pacific Of course Hawaii would have to be like the main central hub and then from there You could go to either kid or bus or the marshall Islands or hey? Why not both? It’s our imaginations We can do whatever we want. No rules up here. Yeah now if this map did go to antarctica I would suggest extending the purple America Line to Tierra Del Fuego Somehow traversing the Impossible Patagonia Glaciers and somehow without dying during the construction process reaching King George Island and from there It’s just a bunch of quick island hops until you hit gram land on the antarctic Peninsula and just be mindful building the train on Solid ground and not an unstable ice shelf and there you go now the big question what are all of the factors Elements and variables that would have to go into the mix to make this become a reality well the answer is Insanity now one thing we can consider to alleviate some of the cost is using some of the train lines We already have so that we don’t have to build a new one now I counted and it seems like with the exception of some train lines in North America Europe Russia China, India and Australia most of these lines actually don’t exist. So let’s assume We’re funding maybe about 75% of all these train lines That’s still a lot each line might cost differently based off of the terrain or ease of transport for material it would be a lot easier to transport materials over the flat plains of Russia rather than the middle of the ocean by Fiji also Are you passing through a row area or through a city because it costs more to build underneath the city then you have to consider? The Labor Force how many people are well equipped with the proper training to construct such a project how long would it take to invest? In the training of people who aren’t also you have to consider the hiring of people to mine the raw? Materials to bring to the factories to shape and mold into the train tracks and the trains themselves And how many people would it take and then you have to consider wages people in different countries get paid different wages and the oceanic Lines especially ones crossing the Pacific would probably cost the most they would probably have to be hyperloop due to the incredibly long Distances and they would have to be very strong and solid due to the fact that you know it’s the Pacific Ocean there’s cyclones There’s crazy things happening all the time They gotta be Solid oh and also consider that a transoceanic train has never been done before which by the way if you didn’t know there actually are Some hyperloop companies out there like hyperloop one or trans Pod that are in the alpha Stages of capital fundraising and researching It’s so cool. Look it up I did the math and factoring absolutely everything I could possibly think of into this whole equation I came around a number somewhere around either 65 to 94 Trillion dollars although it could be a lot more based off of so many factors that I missed out on in the end We live in a time in which air travel is the preferred method of long distance Journeys however Is that really the best way and is it the most efficient is it possible that ground? Transportation and hyperloop technology could bring us into a brand new era of unimaginable global possibility. What do you think it? What do you think about a global metro system? What destinations would you like to see being built I personally think a West Coast, California La to the Polynesian Islands train line would be the coolest thing ever and with that being said I have three very important announcements You’re going to want to listen to at least one of them the first thing that the great courses plus contacted us And they want to sponsor geography now again wahoo for those of you that don’t know the great courses plus is a website with over 7,000 online courses from all across the academic spectrum taught by highly accredited Professors and professionals many ivy league trains they have classes and so many different things like science weightlifting chess art There’s a really cool course called inventions that change the world by professor w bernard Carlsen I recommend it right now They are offering a free one-month trial Or if you really like it you can even sign up and join for a plan at really good rates All you have to do is go to this website here the great courses plus comm slash geography Or you can click on the link in my description. Thanks great courses plus you guys are always there for me You guys rock my next announcement Is that the heritage trip is? Completely funded and ready to go and happen in October with me and my mom thanks to Patreon Patrons I was able to buy the flight tickets and have a side budget for other things like trains and food you made it happen So thank you so much patreon patrons and finally my last Announcement as you know august is upon us which means the school year will soon begin for all students which means I want to visit your school earlier this year I got to visit the cool kids at Centennial High School in Corona, California And now it’s time to see more after the heritage trip in October I want to have a geography bee at your school as of right now I can only travel in North America as I’ll be using my own money to fund the travel cost for me Brandon and ken it’s A little outside of my budget to travel outside of the continent So maybe in the future of geography now gets bigger But right now I can only travel within North America and for sure I have to visit at least one place in Canada I promise you kentucky’s that I would visit before this year is over because I got to celebrate with your 150th anniversary I will be holding a contest and whichever schools win. I will visit details will come next week, so stay tuned in the meantime Thank you for watching this video. I hope you got something out of it subscribe if you want and a stay cool stay tuned

    Chapter 1 | The Gilded Age | American Experience | PBS
    Articles, Blog

    Chapter 1 | The Gilded Age | American Experience | PBS

    September 2, 2019


    ♪ ♪ (kids shouting) NARRATOR: A vicious cold snap hit New York in the first week
    of February 1897, but nothing could slow
    the preparations for the impending revelry. The city’s wealthiest citizens
    were readying themselves for one of the most anticipated
    balls in the nation’s history– an extravagant exclamation point on what would come to be known as the Gilded Age. REBECCA EDWARDS: During the Gilded Age, Americans feel quite certainly
    that they are the vanguard of civilization and progress. This is an enormous period of opportunity,
    and possibility, and hope. NARRATOR:
    No group felt more confident about the future than the guests
    who would gather for the party at the luxurious
    Waldorf Hotel. The evening’s total price tag,
    according to newspaper reports, was enough to feed nearly a
    thousand working-class families for a full year. ♪ ♪ Defenders noted
    that the ball stood to benefit the entire city. Critics begged to differ. “With all the people,”
    warned one minister, “who have to lie awake nights
    contriving “to spend their time and their
    money, and all the others “who lie awake wondering
    how they may get food, there is danger in the air.” It was a fractious time in which
    a sense of desperation amidst growing wealth
    was emerging. EDWARD O’DONNELL: Increasingly workers
    begin to say, “If I as, as a member
    of this society “lack the ability to pay my
    bills, and to feed my family “then I am not a free citizen
    of a healthy republic. “I’m something, something else, something that the Founding
    Fathers would not recognize.” (whistle blows) RICHARD JOHN: The magnitude of the late
    19th-century transformation of American society
    is hard to exaggerate. It was as if you woke up
    in one country and you went to bed in another. ♪ ♪ NARRATOR:
    Thirty years after the Civil War, America had transformed into an economic powerhouse, but the transformation had
    created stark new divides in wealth, standing,
    and opportunity. STEVE FRASER: It’s shocking for people to see a country developing before them that is increasingly
    clearly divided into the haves and have-nots. NELL IRVIN PAINTER:
    Gilded is not golden. Gilded has the sense of a patina
    covering something else. It’s the shiny exterior
    and the rot underneath. NARRATOR: By the time New York’s elite
    gathered at Waldorf ballroom, the richest 4,000 families
    in the country, less than one percent
    of all Americans, had scooped up nearly
    as much treasure as the other 11.6 million
    families combined. “We are the rich,”
    one partygoer remarked. “We own America;
    we got it, God knows how, “but we intend to keep it
    if we can.” There is this fight over what is America’s
    collective self-identity. Who are we? Are we two nations,
    the poor and the wealthy, or are we one nation where everybody has a chance
    to succeed? ♪ ♪ DAVID NASAW: When this nation comes out of the Civil War, we are still a nation divided
    by regions. There’s very little
    national market. If you need a pair of shoes, you don’t get it from a factory
    a hundred miles away. You get it from
    the local shoemaker. (birds squawking) PAINTER:
    Life was much, much more local, much more what was going on
    right around you, what your neighbors were doing,
    what your friends were doing, what your enemies were doing,
    and how you were doing on a day-to-day basis. H.W. BRANDS:
    America had been founded, its political system
    had been founded, for a country of farmers, but it was becoming a nation
    of industrialists. It was becoming a nation
    of urban workers. It was becoming a nation
    of cities. (train chugging) Railroads knit the entire
    country together in a way that hadn’t existed
    before. So now merchants, manufacturers,
    industrialists can think nationally. You don’t have to think simply
    in terms of your local market. If you have a good idea, if you have a good procedure
    for producing something, you can think of selling your
    goods all over the country. (train clacking on tracks) NARRATOR: By the early 1880s the nation’s
    largest corporation, the Pennsylvania Railroad, carried more than
    two million tons of industrial and consumer goods
    every year. Steel left mills in Pittsburgh for destinations
    around the country; so too did refined oil
    from Cleveland, factory-made furniture
    from Cincinnati, and harvesters from Chicago. (train steam hissing) Railroads moved coal from
    Wyoming, timber from Oregon, silver from Nevada and Colorado,
    and copper from Montana. ♪ ♪ Tens of thousands of young men
    and women from farm families could hop on the train to go
    where the jobs were: the newly industrializing
    cities. Former slaves and their children
    joined the urban migration, bound for new opportunities
    in Memphis, Atlanta, Richmond, or as far north as Philadelphia
    and New York. The hope is for equality, and
    for first-class citizenship, and to be a part of
    what is happening in terms of progress and change. They’re trying to make
    the democracy and the country work for them. FRASER: Progress is part
    of the American credo and has been almost from
    the beginning of the nation. Americans prided themselves on their inventiveness,
    their ingenuity, their entrepreneurial
    get-up-and-go. GIDDINGS: Progress is thought of
    as inevitable. It’s divinely inspired. There’s a pastor who talked about these
    technological innovations as God’s tools to make
    a more perfect society. ♪ ♪ And so it becomes almost
    a spiritual idea, this industrial spirit. (birds chirping) ♪ ♪ (horse hooves clomping) NARRATOR: One of the most innovative
    entrepreneurs of the day was Andrew Carnegie. He owned a stable
    full of fine-blooded horses and enjoyed taking long rides
    through Central Park. (horse whinnies) ♪ ♪ In the spring of 1881 he was a
    man in the saddle in all ways, having just consolidated his growing manufacturing
    enterprises under a single banner:
    Carnegie Brothers & Company. Some days Carnegie would ride
    out of the park and head north on upper
    Broadway. Other days he would ride
    all the way to the High Bridge, where traffic loosened and
    he could open up to a gallop along the banks
    of the Harlem River. In the few hours he was out
    riding through New York his blast furnaces 300 miles
    to the west produced more than
    60 tons of steel, and earned him about as much as the average American
    made in a year. This remarkable and novel fact
    made 45-year-old Andrew Carnegie the emblem of a new kind
    of American dream. ♪ ♪ Like John D. Rockefeller
    in the oil refining business and Cornelius Vanderbilt
    in railroads, Carnegie was riding a wave
    of industrialization — using new technology
    and mass production to secure enormous
    personal wealth. NASAW: What’s important to realize
    is that these men, they have visions. Carnegie, Rockefeller,
    the railroad barons — they don’t invent anything. They’re managers. JACKSON LEARS: Carnegie is one of the few
    American millionaires of this era or any other who can genuinely call himself
    a self-made man. He really does come
    from humble origins.

    Real Reason These 5 America’s Richest Families Went Broke
    Articles, Blog

    Real Reason These 5 America’s Richest Families Went Broke

    September 1, 2019


    This episode is brought to you by Dashlane;
    Try Dashlane Premium free for 30 days at www.dashlane.com/infographics and never forget another password and keep
    all your online accounts secure! In the 1800s when the USA was growing into
    the powerhouse it is today, a lot of families were getting rich. This was called the gilded age. Some made a fortune from things like the gold
    rush, while others just had great ideas. Thanks to a guy called Levi Strauss we got
    blue jeans, something he invented during the Gold Rush for people who needed sturdier work
    pants. He amassed great wealth thanks to his nifty
    invention. Prior to this some of the wealthiest people
    were plantation owners, merchants, statesmen, and then came the bankers, real estate moguls,
    and those working in the oil and railroad industries. In the 20th century others made fortunes,
    too, or should we say fickle fortunes. Some families managed to retain their wealth,
    while others lost it all, or most of it. Those are the people we’ll talk about today. The Pulitzers
    We’ll start with a name we think many of you will be familiar with. The reason you might have heard the name is
    because there is an award called the Pulitzer Prize. This is given to people who have created something
    great, either in literature, journalism, music, and more. But do you know why we have this prize at
    all? Well, that’s because a kind man called Joseph
    Pulitzer gave Columbia University a bunch of money to start a journalism school in 1892. This was the world’s first journalism school. Joseph had amassed quite a fortune in the
    newspaper business and wanted a country full of great reporters. He got depressed, sick, and died, but in 1917
    his name lived on when the first Pulitzer prize as we know it today was awarded. But that’s not why we are here today. What we want to know is what happened to all
    his cash? The answer is his grandson Peter Pulitzer
    invested a lot of that fortune in an 800-acre citrus farm, but that didn’t go well because
    the trees got sick from something called citrus canker. This is a bacterial disease that destroys
    the trees. We are told this would have ruined him, but
    the husband of his ex-wife bailed him out. That saved the citrus operation, so while
    Joseph didn’t exactly lose it all, he would have without a little help from friends. The Strohs
    This family we doubt you’ve heard of, unless you’re a big beer fan. The story goes that a young Bernhard Stroh
    had learned how to make beer in his native Germany, but during the German revolution
    he went to the USA with 150 bucks in his pocket and a recipe to make a decent beer. At age 28 in 1850 he started a brewery in
    Detroit and his son, Bernhard Stroh Jr., took over after him. Prohibition obviously wasn’t good for these
    beer makers, and they branched out into non-alcoholic beer and ice cream. When that ended the beer company just went
    from strength to strength and its said by 1978 the Stroh’s were pumping out 6.4 million
    US beer barrels to thirsty Americans. According to Forbes magazine in the 1980s
    the Stroh’s were rolling in dough with a fortune of $700 million. Then came the decline. Apparently the new generation got into serious
    debt after some shaky acquisitions. Then came some other mighty brewing companies
    such as Miller and Coors and the Strohs got left behind. In 1999 after brewing beer for 149 years the
    company was done and was taken over by other brewers. That 700 million fortune was gone. The then company president, John Stroh III
    said in a statement, “Emotionally, it was an extremely difficult one to make, knowing
    that it would impact our loyal employees, and recognizing that it would mean the end
    of our family’s centuries old brewing tradition that had become, in essence, an important
    part of our identity.” The Hartfords
    So far we haven’t had anyone who lost their fortune from living what you might call a
    playboy lifestyle, but with the Hartfords we do. Before we get to the big spending kid of the
    family, we’ll tell you how these people got their money. A man called George Huntington Hartford had
    taken over a business called The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company. When he was head of that he branched out into
    grocery stores and supermarkets under the name A and P. This became massive, a name
    as big as McDonald’s is today. In fact, you might hear it being called the
    Walmart before there was a Walmart. In the 60s it was the biggest retailer of
    any kind in the USA and in the 70s was at least the biggest chain of grocery stores. Everyone went to A and P. At its peak it had
    15,709 stores in the USA and as you can imagine it made the Hartford family very, very rich. They were ranked as one of the wealthiest
    families in the USA for a while. So, what could go possibly go wrong? Well, it was basically competition from more
    modern stores starting in the 50s. They tried to keep up, but kept failing. Over the decades it closed 100s of its stores,
    got hurt badly by the Great Recession in the 2000s and finally filed for bankruptcy in
    2015. And like that, it was gone. But there was still cash around, because we
    are talking about extreme wealth here. Now we can talk about the playboy. His name was Huntington Hartford and according
    to various reports he squandered his massive inheritance. He hung out with the stars, bought fast cars,
    big houses, lots of art works, and we are told he lost it all. That was the end of the Hartford fortune. The Kluges
    This story begins with something called Metromedia, which was a media behemoth. It was taken over by German-American entrepreneur
    John Kluge in the 1950s and he expanded it and made a lot of money. In the 80s he sold it to 20th Century Fox
    film studio and at one point Forbes had him as the richest man in America. The billionaire later turned to philanthropy
    and did things like invest $60 million to build the John W. Kluge Center. In fact, he donated millions all over the
    place. So again, what could possibly go wrong. Well, it seems Mr. Kluge was never settled
    in his relationships and he got married four times. Now we don’t exactly know where all his
    cash went, but we do know that one person who got quite a lot of it lost it all. Her name Patricia Kluge, one of those wives. After her divorce she got her hands on a 200-acre
    estate and $1 million per year in the divorce settlement. She bought a vineyard and tried to expand
    it, which got in her lots of debt. There was then a real estate crash that ruined
    her and she declared bankruptcy. As for her vineyard, it was bought by the
    man who is now President of the United States, Donald Trump. The Vanderbilts
    We will finish with one of the most well-known of wealthy families in the USA. Their story starts with a man called Cornelius
    Vanderbilt, the son of American-Dutch parents. As a young boy he worked on his father’s
    ferry in New York Harbor. He was only 11. At age 16 he wanted to do his own ferry business
    and he borrowed a bit of cash to start his own operation taking people between Staten
    Island and Manhattan. You just couldn’t hold this boy back and
    he was well known for his entrepreneurship. At 19 he married his first cousin and got
    busy at home as well as at work. What we mean by that is he had 13 kids. He eventually branched out into regional steamboat
    lines and ocean-going steamships and after that built a railroad empire and all kinds
    of other business. At the time of his death in 1877 he had amassed
    $100 million. According to an inflation calculator today
    that would be two billion, three hundred eighty-two million, three hundred nineteen thousand,
    six hundred thirty-five dollars. Quite a bit of cash. And you know what, he left 95 percent of that
    to one son called Billy because he believed this son was capable of running his empire. Billy did just that and more, doubling the
    family’s wealth in his lifetime. But it seems this family just ran out of steam
    when it came to making cash, and over the years the fortune dried up. Some of the Vanderbilts over the years would
    do well, but none remained ultra-wealthy and that’s why some people talk about the “Fall
    of the House of Vanderbilt.” Is it really that good anyway to be born rich? In a book about the family the author wrote
    that one of the grandsons of the great Cornelius once said, “Inherited wealth is a real handicap
    to happiness.” There’s plenty of different ways to lose
    your money, and we’re betting that if we made this video again in ten years, at least
    one family would have lost their fortune to something that’s becoming more and more
    common every day – hacking. But you, being the intelligent Infographics
    Show viewer that you are, will rest easy because you’ll have Dashlane, the one and only tool
    you need to keep your personal info and digital accounts safe and secure. And in addition to that, their Dark Web monitoring
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    Why Winning The Lottery Is The Worst Thing That Can Happen To You. Thanks for watching, and as always, don’t
    forget to like, share and subscribe. See you next time.

    Rooster Teeth Animated Adventures – Geoff’s Failed Sex Dream II
    Articles, Blog

    Rooster Teeth Animated Adventures – Geoff’s Failed Sex Dream II

    August 30, 2019


    [intro music playing] GEOFF: Do you guys remember when I had that sex dream with Jenny McCarthy? Yeah, I had another one the other night. Do you guys know the comedian Jenny Slate? I was having a dream the other night and we were in L.A. for a party, for some work thing. And, she was there. And, she was just, like, really fucking cool and funny, and we were joking and hitting it off, and stuff. And then, Griffon and Millie were there, too. And, they were like, “We gotta go back to Austin.” because Griffon had to a chainsaw carving or something, And, so, I was like, “Oh, well, I’ll just hang out here with Jenny Slate.” And, uh… we were just hanging out, shooting the shit. And, you know, having a lovely time. And, then, at some point, she was like– gave me a hug. And, it was, like, a sexually charged hug. And, my dick was, like, “Hello!” And, uh… then she, like, nuzzled my neck a little bit, and I was like, “Oh, boy!”
    [Geoff mumbles] And, then, she’s like, “Do you wanna go back to my hotel room with me?” -MICHAEL: Ho-ho-ho!
    -JEREMY: Woah. GEOFF: I was like, “Woah. Do you, uh–” And, she’s like, “Yeah, for sex, idiot.” And, I’m like, “Oh. Well, I am married.” And, she’s like, “I don’t see your wife.” -JEREMY: Ooh, wow. Slut.
    -MICHAEL: Damn.
    -GEOFF: And, I’m like, “Uh, yeah, she’s–” GEOFF: So, I was, like, “W– uh… h-hold on a second, I gotta make a phone call. And, she goes, “You’re going to call your wife and ask if you can have sex with me, aren’t you? And, I was like, “Yeah.” And, she goes, “Well, make it fast.” And, I was like, [softly] “OK.” So, I walked out the room and I called Griffon. And, I was like, “Hey, you’re not going to believe it, but, that Jenny Slate chick, she hit on me.” And, Griffon’s like, “What?” And, I was like, “Yeah, she– she wants to have sex with me.” And, Griffon’s like, “Excuse me?” And, I’m like, “Listen, this is a dream, so it shouldn’t matter.” [the others laugh] And, she goes, “I don’t care if it’s a dream, I will wake up in the real world and I will remember this– [Jack laughs] “if you have sex with her in this dream.” And, I was like, [stuttering] “Are you–” She was like, “I will know.” -GEOFF: And, I was like, “OK.”
    -MICHAEL: Damn, dude MICHAEL: at that point you gotta know, are you in you dream or are you in Griffon’s? She’ll fucking kill you. GEOFF: So, that was the end of the dream. She was like, “I will know.” And, I was like, “OK… OK.” And, then I woke up. I’m getting real sick of not getting laid im my dreams, though. -GAVIN: I like how faithful you are, even in dream form.
    -GEOFF: Yeah, Griffon said I was stupid. She was like, “Stop putting this on me! “I don’t care if you sleep with women in your dreams.” And, I’m like, “obviously you do.” [outro music playing]

    Key & Peele – Confederate Reenactors
    Articles, Blog

    Key & Peele – Confederate Reenactors

    August 30, 2019


    – MEN, AS WE LAUNCH
    THE COUNTERATTACK AGAINST THE UNION ARMY,
    WE MUST REMEMBER THAT EVEN THOUGH WE MAY DIE A GLORIOUS DEATH
    ON THE BATTLEFIELD, WE DO SO TO PRESERVE
    A WAY OF LIFE. THE SOUTHERN WAY OF LIFE. A WAY OF LIFE
    SO PURE AND BEAUTIFUL THAT NO MAN NOR GOVERNMENT
    CAN TAKE THIS AWAY FROM US. THE RIGHT… THE RIGHT TO PRESERVE. OUR OWN SO– TO– WE A–
    OH, [bleep]. – WELL, HELLO THERE, MASSA.
    SORRY WE LATE. – SHORE DIDN’T MEAN
    TO SNEAK UP ON YA, SIR. – LOOK, FELLAS,
    WE’RE TRYING TO HAVE A NICE, LITTLE CIVIL WAR
    REENACTMENT HERE. WE DON’T WANT ANY TROUBLE. – SO ARE WE, SIR. WE–WE–WE TRYING TO HAVE
    A REAL NICE REENACTMENT. WE CERTAINLY DON’T WANNA CAUSE
    ANY TROUBLE EITHER. DO WE, SAM? – YOU ALWAYS TAUGHT US TROUBLE ONLY COMES TO THOSE
    WHO GONE DONE LOOKIN’ FOR IT. – SO DON’T STOP YOUR SPEECHIN’
    ON OUR ACCOUNT. [giggles] – AS JEFFERSON DA–OKAY, I KNOW
    WHAT YOU’RE DOING. I GET IT. – WHAT WE DOIN’, SIR? I DON’T KNOW
    WHAT YOU TALKIN’ ‘BOUT. DO YOU KNOW
    WHAT HE TALKIN’ ‘BOUT, SAM? – WHY, WE JUST HERE
    TO SLAVE ON ABOUT, ANY OLE WHICH WAY
    YOU WANT US TO. – HOW MANY TIMES
    DO I HAVE TO TELL PEOPLE, JUST BECAUSE WE’RE DRESSED
    LIKE CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS DOESN’T MEAN
    WE’RE PRO SLAVERY? WE’RE JUST HERE TO PRESERVE THE PURE AND BEAUTIFUL SLICE
    OF SOUTHERN HISTORY. – YEAH, PURE AND BEAUTIFUL…
    SLICE. – OH, LORDY, LORDY, LORDY!
    WE SORRY, BOSS! OH, WE SO SORRY! – PLEASE DON’T
    GIVE US THE WHIP. – OKAY, NOBODY’S GONNA WHIP
    ANYBODY, JUST STOP IT. – YEAH, JUST STOP IT. – ALL RIGHT, FELLAS, JUST–
    JUST IGNORE ‘EM. ALL RIGHT? NOW, WE’RE HERE
    TO PRESERVE OUR WAY OF LIFE. THE SOUTH HAS A RIGHT TO OWN–
    both: ♪ OH, MY LORD, LORD ♪ – THE SOUTH
    HAS A WAY OF LIFE– both: ♪ OH, MY LORD ♪
    – THE UNION CANNOT STOP US FR– both: ♪ OH, MY LORD, LORD ♪ ♪ OH, MY LORD… ♪ – THE UNION YANKEE BASTARDS
    CANNOT STOP US– – ♪ OH, LORD! ♪ – ALL RIGHT, STOP IT!
    STOP IT! THAT’S ENOUGH! YOU WANNA BE PART OF THIS
    REENACTMENT? FINE.
    YOU’RE PART OF IT. GO–GO FETCH US SOME MUNITIONS
    AND EVERYTHING ELSE THAT– DON’T JUST STAND THERE
    LIKE A BUNCH OF LAZY [bleep]. – THAT GOOD ENOUGH FOR YOU?
    – THAT IS ALL I NEEDED TO HEAR. – GENTLEMEN,
    GIVE US YOUR CASH AND ANYTHING THAT IS
    AN ACTUAL COLLECTOR’S ITEM. – YOU RACIST MOTHER[bleep]. – OKAY.
    DON’T HAVE ALL DAY, MAN. OKAY, THANK YOU.
    THANK YOU. WALLETS, WALLETS,
    WALLETS, WALLETS. – THAT’S A VERY NICE PIECE. THESE ARE HEAVY.

    20 Mule Team Borax Wagon Display – Laws Railroad Museum And Historic Site
    Articles, Blog

    20 Mule Team Borax Wagon Display – Laws Railroad Museum And Historic Site

    August 30, 2019


    Here we are at the laws museum at the 20
    Mule Team borax wagon display we have Jay he’s going tell us a little bit about these wagons these wagons are exact replicas down to
    what kind of wood they’re made of the kind of metal and the the fact that the
    metal is not arc welded at all it’s Forge welded and what you’re about
    to see our exact exact replicas made by Dave at Engle Coach at Engle Coach works
    in Montana and I will say there’s a word used far too often in today’s world
    that word is awesome but these wagons you’ll see are awesome, Wow These wagons and the first reconstructed wagons were first run in the 2017 Rose
    Parade they were also run with one of the 2/3 size water tenders the water
    tender is still under construction but should be here for meal days here
    for Mule Days here in Bishop so this is pretty amazing now this wheel
    is how big? it’s seven foot diameter over 1,000 pounds just for one for just the
    one wheel and it’s got a steel tire on it yes the steel tire is what might
    have been rubber in today’s world but it’s one inch thick eight inch wide
    steel that has to be heated in a fire to be put around the pre-constructed
    wood frame and then shrunk fit to the wood frame so that it will never come
    off now this looks like it’s oak to me is that correct? there is some oak I understand
    that this is ash on the sidings that’s an Eastern ash and Eastern
    Oakwood I’d like you to take a look at those places for example up here at this
    eye on the break level, yeah, but no arc welding there and that’s all Forge
    welded so now this is what you would have seen with the 20 Mule Team they
    would pull a couple wagons like this train together? yes okay, so here is what you will find at the Harmon Borax Museum 2 of these and a water tender and and this is exactly what the copy and the blueprints
    that are over here on the wall okay are made from and what would we put in the barrel? Those were designed for
    water also okay here’s here’s the route that they took some of their camps were
    dry camps there were only two Teamsters well one was a teamster one was a
    Swamper that took care of the Mules and that’s the Swamper, he’s the mule tender yeah he’s the fella that puts on the harnesses in the morning
    takes him off make sure they’re fed he’s also the break man so now this is the break right here? yes.
    and that looks like a big chunk of wood this definitely is that. The lever up
    here,oh that’s the big brake lever right there this I see. You can see where this is forked over here, right that’s also Forge
    welded maybe you can see yeah you can it looks like it’s just one piece basically
    yes it took two guys the Swamper and the mule Skinner and the mule
    Skinner was an outrider up here that had a jerk line that communicated with the
    front mules and team with which way to turn go stop and so forth the mules learned to jump this chain
    because when you go around the corner I look sure the chains going to come over
    to keep from cutting the corner you need to have your back to mules or back four
    mules or the back six meals going straight ahead until it’s time to make
    the corner and because the front mules are dragging the chain around against
    the shanks of the mules the mules will jump the chain you know what one mule would be attached
    to one of these, yes what do you call that? a single tree and there would be one
    mule on each one of those, yes so this if you had 20 meals here this is gonna have
    to be considerably longer because you have only got six
    here.yes yes. fourth of July parade 2017 in Washington DC and if you want to
    watch that on YouTube it’s on there it’s on there and if you have a patriotic you
    bone in your body it’s gonna vibrate seeing these 20 Mule teams of people
    cheering and the whole thing the whole train going down Pennsylvania Avenue.
    well those are pretty cool. oh it’s awesome these are awesome and we’re really
    looking forward to getting the water tender in here. Are you going to have
    room for them in here? yes they’ll actually go behind the existing wagons
    oK we’ve measured and there’s also going to be an exhibit up here of harnessing
    techniques and we’re hoping to at some point have a diorama
    on some of the walls showing the mules coming out of Death Valley. okay Jay well
    thanks so much for explaining all these mules to us I appreciate it. Thanks
    for visiting yes it’s been my pleasure yes likewise and we’ll have to come back
    and see you again sometime. oh please. and I hope everybody out there that sees
    this comes and sees the borax wagon display it’s pretty cool