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    Lisa See | Between The Covers
    Articles, Blog

    Lisa See | Between The Covers

    February 20, 2020

    I’m Ann Bocock and welcome to Between The
    Covers. Lisa See is the New York Times’ bestselling
    author of so many books. She’s known for her deeply researched historical
    novels. Her latest book is set on a remote Korean
    island, and it introduces us to an unforgettable culture, of freediving females. The women are in danger. The women do the hard work, and the men stay
    at home, and take care of the children. It’s a story that spans generations. It spans words. And it’s a story of survival. Please welcome the author of The Island Of
    Sea Women, Lisa See. Thank you for having me Ann. I am so glad that you are here. And first of all, I’m transfixed by the story,
    because here we are you have dropped me, first of all into a place, I didn’t know anything
    about. So before we get into your book and the novel,
    I think we need to take a step back. Look at the Haenyeo women and the island of
    Jeju. Where is it? So it’s off the tip of South Korea, about
    100 miles off the tip. And it’s also about 100 miles from China,
    and 100 miles from Japan. So for thousands of years, it was its own
    independent kingdom. But now it’s part of South Korea. And then the Haenyeo that means sea women. These are women who are unique in the world. As you mentioned, they dive down, they take
    the breath, they dive down about 60 feet. They stay underwater two to three minutes,
    holding their breath, they harvest sea food. And as you said, they’re the breadwinners
    in their families. And the men are the ones who do the, stay
    home and take care of the babies, do the cooking. This is a metro focal society, which means
    that it is, it focuses on women and children, Right. So in this particular society, let’s look
    at the gender roles, and what is it like for the men? Well, the men it’s kind of an interesting
    thing, because they’re supposed to take care of the babies, but their other main job is
    to sit and think under the village tree. So somebody has to do that. Somebody has to do the thinking, right? And so they sit and think, but this actually
    sort of culturally has been difficult for the men, over the many centuries. But these women, I really focus on them because
    they are so extraordinary in the world. And their number is dwindling. So it used to be that they would retire at
    age 55. If they live that long, it’s extraordinarily
    dangerous, [Ann] Very dangerous. But today, there are under 4000 of them left. The youngest one is 55. And when I was there, I interviewed women
    in their 70s, 80s and 90s, most of whom are still diving. What is their relationship with the sea and
    metaphorically, I read the book, I love the book. Sometimes I think the sea is like their mother,
    sometimes I think it’s like their husband, but I don’t wanna tell you so. They do say, they do have a lot of proverbs
    that are things like, the sea is better than your mother, because it’s there forever. but at the same time, it is a dangerous place
    for them. So one of the aphorisms is, every woman who
    goes into the sea carries a coffin on her back. And so they’re very aware of the bounty that
    comes from the sea, but also the danger that’s inherent there. And all of the things that can go wrong, you
    could get your hair caught in a rock, you could get a tool caught, you could, it’s a
    volcanic island. So it’s very sharp volcanic rocks and could
    cut yourself, there’s sharks, you can get tangled in, seaweed or fishing lines. And of course, there is this whole issue of
    breath. And I’ve timed myself, I’m sort of encourage
    everyone watching this, just for fun, to time yourself to see how long you can hold your
    breath. And I’m not very good at that. I don’t think we could, and not only hold
    your breath, you’re fighting the current while holding your breath, The current exactly. And let’s say maybe you’re just an average
    diver, you can hold your breath for two minutes. But maybe last night you didn’t sleep well,
    maybe you had an argument with your husband, maybe you were worried about a child. And so you might be underwater harvesting
    a sea urchin or gathering up, whatever, abalone, different kinds of things. And all of a sudden, on this day, you only
    have a minute and 45 seconds, and now you’re still 20 feet under the surface of the water
    and what do you do? Not only is it extraordinary, it’s frightening,
    when I’m reading these passages of what these women are doing. It’s scaring the know. I know. I’m laughing, Yes, it’s scary. And you said it’s a volcanic island. Their rocks are so dangerous, and it’s not
    always clear. [Lisa] No, no. Yeah, the rocks are dangerous. So the volcano itself is called Grandmother’s
    Seolmundae This is the, sort of the embodiment of the mother creator of the island. Part of this island being a metro focal societies
    that it’s home to 10,000 goddesses. The gods are they’re very Lesser, they’re lesser. Their consorts. And so the island itself is a goddess and
    so they, because it’s volcanic there these, the lava has flowed undersea and the women
    describe it as, flowing and swimming through Grandmother Seolmundae’s skirts, when they’re
    working. That’s actually very beautiful. I’m curious if this is a, I know they’ve passed
    this down generation to generation. Is this something that is learned, or is there
    something genetic, that these women are capable of doing this in cold water, and to hold their
    breath for this long? Yeah, let’s just talk about the cold water
    for one second. They do have the greatest ability of any human
    group on earth, to withstand cold. So historically, they would dive in the waters
    south of Japan, Korea, China. Russia. Russia, off the coast of Vladivostok in winter. With just a little homemade cotton suit, [Ann] We’re not talking a wet suit. [Lisa] No, this just as little. And there are stories of women diving off
    the boat and dying on impact, because the cold was such a shock. But for this reason, they are known to have
    this great ability. And so there were scientists who came in the
    1960s, to try to figure out is this genetic? Or is it an adaptation? And if you read to about page 300, you’re
    gonna find out the answer. Exactly. You are the queen of research. I think you absolutely love it. And I’m not talking the kind that you Google. You go everywhere. I think, if I remember correctly, and I don’t
    remember which book it was, you were like, the second The Snow Flower, in the secret fan You were the second! I was only the second foreigner to go there. What was that like? Well, it’s really, Where was this? This was in South Western Yunnan Province
    it’s called Gianyung County it’s a very, very remote area, was really remote then, it’s
    still remote now. And the thing about going to places that are
    that remote, you’re really cut off from the rest of the world. There’s not a lot of television and things
    like that. But they have incredible food sometimes, and
    sometimes you just have to eat what they give you. And I’ve had to eat some pretty interesting
    things, I bet! But with Jeju Island, if people like sushi,
    or things like that. One of the fun things to do, is just to walk
    on the beach, as these women come out of the sea. And I’ll just tip over a bucket, you sit on
    the bucket, and they’ll open a sea urchin and give it to you with a spoon. They just, it’s literally, minutes from being
    brought out of the sea and it’s extraordinary. [Ann] What are they diving for? It’s mostly things, that are in shells, so
    turbine shell, abalone, sea urchin but also octopus, also different types of seaweed and
    algae. agaragar are is something in so many of our
    packaged foods for example, they die for agaragar. During World War II. The Japanese who had control over this island,
    told the women they could no longer die for food. They could only die for a particular kind
    of algae, because it’s an ingredient in gunpowder. That was fascinating. Yeah. When you went to Jeju were the women receptive? Well, what I love about these women is they’re
    very blunt. They’re really blunt. And I think that’s probably because they face
    life and death every single day. So if they wanna talk to you, they sit down,
    if they don’t wanna talk to you they say, oh, I’m so busy, go away, go away. And they’re quite loud, because they’ve spent
    their entire lives under the sea. So their hearing is really off so they shout. They banter. It affects their hearing? It does. And they banter. They love to tell jokes. One of the big things they talk about all
    the time and so funny is, who should eat more, men or women? And? well, I think it’s women in that case, well, they’re using all the calories up. That’s right. They need to replenish. When you were writing, were you constantly
    aware of what you were writing, as an era that is probably going to be lost, very soon? Very much. They say that this culture is going to disappear
    in about 15 years. And so that was part of the reason why I wanted
    to write this now. If I waited five years, if I waited 10 years,
    I might not really get the chance to. Certainly those women who are in their 90s,
    I wouldn’t have a chance to interview them. And I think they’re also very much aware that
    their cultures disappearing. One of the things that happened in the late
    1970s, was this was the first time. And just think about this, the first time
    that girls in South Korea could go to public school. And so all of these women are illiterate. But in the late 1970s, they started saving
    up their money, so that they could send their daughters and granddaughters to school. And those daughters and granddaughters became
    doctors and engineers, and work in tourism and things like that. But that’s part of why this is disappearing. And that’s just over the last 40 years. Was there a particular woman, a particular
    event, that just moved you when you were there? Yes. So I had a lot of appointments set up to meet
    different women. But I also just loved going and walking along
    the beach, and talking to them. And there does come a point where a lot of
    women do retire, they stay out of the sea, or maybe they have an injury. And so They’re 90 years old anyway. Yeah, or in their late 80s. And so I would just walk along the beach and,
    what they do is they have these little cushions, they tie them to their rear ends. They sit on their cushion with their knees
    kind of up around their ears, and they sort algae. And so I would just walk up to women and talk
    to them. And their stories were incredible. I remember this one woman, she, again they
    love to brag. I was the best , I was so good under the water. I can even cook a meal under there, This book, The Island Of Sea Women spans decades. I mean, there’s parts in the ’30s, the ’40s
    and many wars. Where you’re talking World War I, World War
    II, Korean War, Vietnam. All of this has had an enormous impact on
    this island, and these women. Now generally, when I read your books, and
    I do love your books, I don’t wanna be bothered. I just wanna sit here and read, and I read
    ’til the end. Well, I got to turn point in this book that
    we will talk about. And I literally had to close the book and
    let this wash over me and process this, because it was so horrifying. And it was foreign to me. Right. We’re talking about 1948. Yes. There is what they call the incident, The Four Three incidents. Stands for April three, It doesn’t have a name. Well, it’s for April 3rd. The Four Three. And this is at a time, the Japanese colonialism
    is over, World War II is over. Russia and the United States have divided
    Korea. They didn’t get a say in it. And now the United States says, we wanna let
    you have your own free elections. However, we chose the candidate. Who did end up becoming quite a brutal dictator. But the people of South Korea they wanted
    to have, they did wanna have their own free elections. They did wanna have their own candidates. And so there were demonstrations, and things
    started to escalate. And then on this island, it really ended up
    that on April 3rd, 1948, is the beginning of a massacre, that takes place over this
    island. Over the course of eight years. How many people? It’s between 30 and 80,000 people were killed. And this is a tiny island. Tiny island. 80,000 people became refugees. 40,000 escaped to Japan. 70% of all of the villages and houses were
    destroyed. So this was just a terrible thing. And people, everyone lost someone. But then to compound the shock, and the tragedy
    of it. The Korean government didn’t allow people
    to talk about this for 50 years. That’s what got me, I thought, how did you
    do this research, because it was taboo to even talk about it. Well, finally now today, this island is considered
    an island of peace. And so for the last 10 years, they’ve really,
    Internationally looked at it as an island of peace. And work towards this idea of forgiveness. But of course, you do need two sides to forgive,
    I mean, to be part of an act of forgiveness. Was it particularly challenging for you to
    write what we’re talking about? Very. Well, I never wake up in the morning and think,
    woo, I get to kill off whoever, it’s very hard for me. And I am the writer. So I know what’s coming, and sometimes a couple
    of months out, I start to kind of like, okay, I’ve got to prepare myself for this. And I think one of the, we’re so lucky in
    this country that we live where and when we do. That we haven’t had a war on our soil, since
    the Civil War. And before that, the Revolutionary War, so
    we don’t really have that. We don’t, they have one after another after
    another. Experience of what that means. And I just wanted to honor for them what had
    happened. But the other piece of this is, these are
    two best friends for life. And what happens to people, when they are
    put in this most extraordinary circumstance? We are the kind of people who would, we’d
    like to, think we would be loyal and honorable and rise to the occasion. But in real life, that often doesn’t happen
    that people, to save themselves, to save others, will betray somebody. And so too, I think, for me almost more than
    writing about the massacre per se, it’s really about these interpersonal relationships, between
    Mija and Youngsook and their families. But let’s talk about female friendships for
    a moment, because you’re really a master at this. I Snow Flower and the Secret Fan we had, the
    life long best friends The best friends for life. We have best friends here. Is it just that women’s friendships are messier
    and more complicated, and much more fun to write about than men? Well, I think there are two pieces to that. First of all, we have centuries of men writing
    about women, and not very many women writing about, our own relationships. Yes, you can go back and you’ll find the Bronte
    Sisters and Jane Austen and Virginia Woolf. But it’s really only the last 75 years that
    women have really been writing, and publishing. And talking about our own lives, and the kinds
    of relationships we have. So I’m always drawn to sisters, to mothers
    and daughters, and of course, to best friends. And you will tell a best friend, something
    that you wouldn’t tell your husband, or your boyfriend, or your lover, or your children,
    or your mother. It’s a very particular kind of intimacy. And when you have that, and when you have
    that vulnerability, that also leaves you open, to be hurt. And I think of this is kind of like the dark
    shadow side, of female friendship. And I just dive right into those shadows. And and you’re so good at it. This book progresses in an interesting way
    in the very beginning. There’s no electricity, there’s no running
    water they got to go far away to bring women. Their women are doing, this bringing the jugs
    of water back to, to do whatever, at the end of the story. They’ve got iPhones and they got the EarPods. EarPods. So what do you think that they, in modernization
    that they’ve gained and what have they lost? Well, so it is interesting that today, Korea
    is one of the most technologically advanced countries in the world. It’s super, super modern. And yet that all happened, in this very short
    period of time. And so I think whenever you have this kind
    of geometric jump, there’s so much that is gained. Just for example, washing machines, and how
    transformative a washing machine is, to women’s lives around the world. To have access to television and radio, that
    gives you a sense of, not only what’s happening where you live, but it also about your country,
    about the rest of the world. So all of that is great. But you do start to lose traditions, and you
    do start to lose, I think some of those traditions that really keep families together, that are
    are so deep that, but they start to get diffused a little bit. And that’s always hard on a culture. It really is. The Haenyeo women were very interesting because,
    truly they were financially independent. They had their own thing going. Now how is it now, because you were there
    not that long ago. They’ve always passed this down from one generation
    to another. Are they happy that their daughters now are,
    would be going out? They’re so happy. They are? No, they’re so proud of their daughters and
    granddaughters. I mean, this again, it’s very dangerous work,
    it’s very hard work. And so they wanted the best for their children. And to give their daughters, especially this
    different life, and just to be able to read and write. And how important that is to all of us. But for these women, all of the ones that
    I interviewed Because the boys did go to school. The boys went to school. And then they would talk about, who do you
    wanna marry? Do you wanna marry the doctor? Do you wanna marry Peter? And this is something that still today, continues
    to today. I loved it. I just love that Heidi was in there. Can we talk about your background for a moment,
    ’cause that really is, in all of your books. You are from a mixed background, Chinese American. And did that affect your writing? And how, did that affect your writing? So when I was a child, I mean I in Los Angeles,
    where I grew up. I have about 400 relatives. There about a dozen that look like Family reunions must be fun. Yeah. The majority are still full Chinese and then
    this little spectrum in between. And so when I was a little girl and I looked
    around me, what I saw were Chinese faces. What I experienced was Chinese culture, Chinese
    tradition, Chinese language, Chinese food. And so that’s why I write the kinds of books
    I do, even though I don’t look Chinese at all. But this is what I experienced as a girl,
    and all the way to today. Talk a little bit about your Chinese history,
    if you would. So my great, great grandfather came to work
    on the building of the, Transcontinental Railroad. My great grandfather came and stayed. And he was in Sacramento. He did a lot of the jobs that immigrants do
    even today. He washed dishes in restaurants. He swept up in the factories, he worked in
    fields. I don’t know if I can say this, but by the
    time he was 30, in the 1880s, in Sacramento, he had his first business. It was a factory that manufactured, crotchless
    underwear for brothels. Talk about coming along here. Exactly. Okay. Everyone has to have their beginning in America. That’s ours. I like that. Yes. Would you compete with little lightning round? Would you? Sure. Okay. I know that you’ve traveled extensively and
    to crazy remote parts of the world, your favorite place you’ve ever been? [Lisa] Bhutan. And I’m gonna say Why? Because most of us have not been. well, first of all, it’s considered to be
    the happiest place on earth. It’s a landlocked country. They only accept a few visitors every year
    about 10,000. Now, I think it’s a little more. And so the king makes sure that, the architecture
    remains traditional, if you don’t follow the actual architecture, they won’t hook up electricity
    into your house. So it’s still very authentic. I think they don’t have a single traffic light. They don’t have a single Starbucks. They won’t let any chains like that into the
    country. So it’s still so pure, of its own culture. Do you write every day, when you are not traveling? When I’m writing, I try to write 1000 words
    a day, which is four pages. But actually, the writing is the least, the
    shortest amount of time for my work. So book takes me two years, the largest amount
    is focused on the research. The shortest is writing. And the middle part is the editing. So if you’re writing, 1000 words a day, that’s
    four pages. I think the last book was about 400 pages. That’s only 100 days. If you could not have been a writer, what
    would you have been? Landscape architect. I Like that. worst job? Worst job, I was. What do you call, like the PBX person. [Ann] Telephone? Hello the name of the company. How am I director your call? Not much creativity in that job at all. No windows in that room either. When you are not writing, I know you are probably
    reading, what is it that you like to read? I actually don’t read fiction when I’m working,
    because I don’t want anybody else’s voice to seep in even inadvertently. I’m very careful about what I read, and I
    know this may be kind of superstitious. It’s sort of like, the quarterback saying,
    I’m gonna wear the same jockstrap all season and I’ll win. But maybe that’s true, maybe it isn’t. But I feel like I need to protect myself. I can’t ever say so in certain books like,
    oh, the feeling was electric, if they don’t have electricity. So I have to just really try to stay in that
    culture and in that time. And so I don’t read any fiction. I spend a lot of time reading people’s unpublished
    dissertations. These weird reports, scientific with this
    book, a lot of scientific studies. And then when a book is done, I just go on
    a big reading rampage, and I read everything. I read mysteries I read whatever the big new
    books are, on the bestseller list. I always try to read the first novels by Asian
    American writers. I read a little bit of science fiction. I just, I try to cover the waterfront, because
    it’s all interesting to me. And couple of classics I’ll throw in there,
    which, all of this I did last summer, when I had a break. And I actually made a list that I included,
    some of the books in my newsletter. And even I was like, wow, that’s pretty eclectic. It is an eclectic reading list. Well, in this book, older women are greatly
    respected. Yes. They are absolutely honored on the Island
    of Jeju and as a matter of fact, the Jeju word which is Halmang has two meanings, grandmother
    and goddess. The Island of Sea Women, it is wonderful. Lisa See, I wanna thank you so much for being
    here. Thank you so much for having me. Thank you. I’m Ann Bocock, connect with me and join me,
    on the next Between The Covers. Thank you. Oh, you did so great. I loved it! Yeah.

    Miami-Dade Minute – April 11, 2017 – TPO 40th Anniversary
    Articles, Blog

    Miami-Dade Minute – April 11, 2017 – TPO 40th Anniversary

    February 4, 2020

    This is your Miami-Dade Minute Miami-Dade County’s Transportation Planning
    Organization is celebrating its 40th year in style. TPO held its special meeting at the new Brickell
    City Centre. The day began with a ride on the metro mover
    from the Stephen P. Clark Center to the newly renovated 8th street station. Mayor Gimenez, County Commissioners and members
    of TPO took a short tour of City Centre before lunch at EAST Miami, then the meeting commenced. There’s gonna be a revolution in transportation
    and it’s coming soon. We need to take advantage of technologies. TPO is looking towards the future. I think the future holds a lot of wonderful
    surprises. I think we have automated cars that are coming
    we’re gonna have far more electric vehicles there’s gonna be a lot more innovation.
    The way that our county will evolve will change very rapidly and the way the technology keeps
    up with that evolution will be extremely interesting Along with improvements to personal transportation,
    TPO has placed special emphasis on public transit with the Strategic Miami Area Rapid
    Transit Plan or SMART Plan. Transit has to be at the forefront if we want
    a sustainable Miami-Dade County. We can’t get it done by ourselves as a county.
    We need the participation of all the cities in Miami-Dade County, we also need the participation
    of our federal and state partners. For more information on the transportation
    planning organization visit For Miami-Dade TV I’m Stefany Tomas and that’s
    your Miami-Dade Minute.

    Amtrak Eastern Long Distance Trains: Train Talk Ep. 26
    Articles, Blog

    Amtrak Eastern Long Distance Trains: Train Talk Ep. 26

    January 5, 2020

    Hello everyone and welcome to Train Talk.
    Amtrak, America’s National Passenger Rail Corporation operates many different intercity
    and long distance passenger train services all across the continental United States.
    In a previous episode of Train Talk, we looked at the Western half of Amtrak’s Long Distance
    train system. These are trains that generally travel over 750 miles and connect larger cities
    with smaller towns in rural areas. In many cases, these towns do not have easy access
    to other modes of public transpiration. In this episode of Train Talk, we will finish
    our look at Long Distance Amtrak trains, examining every route east of the Mississippi River.
    Like last time, I will briefly talk about the geography of each route as well as some
    scenic highlights. We’ll also discuss typical train consist information. For those of you
    who don’t already know, a consist is a list of cars and locomotives that make up a train.
    For the long distance routes in the western part of the country, trains usually consist
    of two P42DC locomotives and several double decker “Superliner” passenger cars in
    the form of coaches, sleepers, dining cars, and sightseer lounge cars. In the eastern
    half of the country however, only 3 of the long distance trains have Superliner cars.
    The rest have a mix of Viewliner dining, sleeping, and baggage cars and Amfleet coach and cafe
    cars. Alright. With that out of the way, let’s dive right in. Traveling in between New Orleans, Louisiana
    and New York City, New York, Amtrak’s Crescent passes right though the heart of the Southern
    USA. The Crescent operates daily as train 19 southbound and 20 northbound. It was previously
    operated by the Southern Railway over much of the same route. This train connects the
    major cities of New Orleans, Louisiana, Birmingham, Alabama, Atlanta, Georgia, Charlotte, North
    Carolina, Washington D.C., Baltimore, Maryland, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and New York City.
    On its journey, the train passes through the forests of the southeastern coastal plain
    and along the eastern edge of the Appalachia mountains, traveling through the states of
    Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia,
    Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. The train consist is typically
    one view liner baggage car, two viewliner sleeping cars, a viewliner dining car, an
    Amfleet Cafe car, and several Amfleet coach cars. Two P42DC locomotives typically pull
    the train from New Orleans to Washington DC. Between Washington and New York City, the
    Crescent travels along Amtrak’s electrified Northeast Corridor and is pulled by an ACS-64
    electric locomotive. The route is 1,377 miles in length and the trip takes about 30 hours. From Washington DC to Chicago, Illinois, the
    Capitol Limited crosses the Appalachia Mountains and along the southern edge of the Great Lakes.
    This train operates daily in each direction as train 29 westbound and train 30 eastbound.
    The Capitol Limited takes its name and a large portion of its route from a train that was
    once operated by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Major cities served by this train include
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Cleveland, Ohio, and Toledo, Ohio. The train passes through
    some places that are rich in American history including the town of Harper’s Ferry, West
    Virginia and the fall line town of Cumberland, Maryland. Along the way, the train passes
    through the states of Maryland, West Virginia,Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. Unlike most other
    eastern long distance trains, the Capitol Limited utilizes Amtrak’s bi-level “Superliner”
    passenger cars and consists typically include a baggage car, a few sleeping cars, a diner,
    a sightseer lounge, and a couple of coaches. P42DC locomotives pull the train. The route
    is 780 miles in length and the scheduled trip time is 18 hours. The Lake Shore Limited is another train that
    connects the midwest to the northeast. Trains travel along the southern shore of the Great
    Lakes from Chicago to New York, passing through Toledo, Ohio, Cleveland, Ohio, Buffalo, New
    York, and Albany. At Albany, the train breaks into 2 sections with the majority of the train
    continuing south right along the Hudson River to New York City. A smaller section continues
    east to Boston, Massachusetts. From New York to Chicago, the train runs daily with train
    numbers 49 westbound and 48 eastbound. From Boston to Albany, the train operates as 449
    westbound and 448 eastbound. The original “Lake Shore Limited” was operated by the
    New York Central railroad over much of the same route. Train consists include a baggage
    car, amfleet coach cars, an Amfleet Cafe, a viewliner dining car, and three Viewliner
    sleepers. Two P42’s pull the train over the entire route with the exception of Albany
    to New York City, which is handled by a single dual mode P32ACDM locomotive. The route is
    141 miles long from New York to Albany, 818 miles from Albany to Chicago and 200 miles
    long from Boston to Albany. Trip times are 3 hours form New York to Albany, 16 from Albany
    to Chicago, and 5 hours from Boston to Albany. Amtrak’s Cardinal cuts right through the
    middle of Appalachia as it travels from Chicago to New York City. Other major cities served
    by this train are Indianapolis, Indiana, Cincinnati, Ohio, Charleston, West Virginia, Washington,
    DC, Baltimore, Maryland, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. During its journey, the Cardinal
    passes through the states of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Virginia
    along with several North Eastern states on the way to New York. The train runs 3 days
    a week in each direction as train 50 eastbound and 51 westbound. This train was given the
    name “Cardinal” because the Cardinal is the state bird of the 6 major states the train
    passes through. Previous railroads to operate passenger trains along this route were the
    Chesapeake and Ohio and the New York Central. The scenic highlight of this trip is the beautiful
    New River Gorge in West Virginia. Trains consist of a P42 locomotive, Amfleet coaches, an Amfleet
    cafe, a Viewliner sleeper, and a viewliner baggage car. From Washington DC to New York
    City, the train is pulled by an ACS-64 locomotive. The route is 1,147 miles long and the trip
    takes about 26 hours. One of the most unique trains in Amtrak’s
    entire system is the Auto Train, traveling from Sanford, Florida on the northern outskirts
    of Orlando to Lorton Virginia, a short 15 miles from Washington D.C. Auto Train is the
    only major non stop train currently running in Amtrak’s system and it allows riders
    the unique ability to bring a personal vehicle on board with them on their journey. The train
    runs daily in each direction as train 52 northbound and 53 southbound. Amtrak took over this service
    in the 1980s from a privately run company called “Auto Train Corporation.” On its
    journey, the Auto Train passes through northern Florida and straight along the east coast
    of the United States through Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. Like
    the Capitol Limited, the Auto Train also uses bilevel “Superliner” equipment. Consist
    size can vary by time of year, but the train can include as many as 18 Superliner sleepers,
    coaches, dining cars, and lounge cars and sometimes over 30 vehicle carrying “Auto
    Rack” cars, making Auto Train one of the world’s longest passenger trains. The train
    is usually pulled by two P40DC locomotives. From end to end, the trip is 855 miles long
    with a travel time of 17 hours. For a more in depth look, be sure to check out my video
    about the Auto Train that I made in the Spring of 2019. The City of New Orleans travels right along
    the Mississippi River from Chicago, Illinois to New Orleans, Louisiana, passing by the
    farmland of Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mississippi and through the bayous of
    Louisiana. It operates daily in each direction, running as train number 58 northbound and
    59 southbound. The train takes its name and most of its route from the original City Of
    New Orleans train that was operated by the Illinois Central Railroad. Major cities served
    by this train besides the endpoints include Champaign, Illinois, Carbondale, Illinois,
    Memphis, Tennessee, and Jackson, Mississippi. This is the third and final train in the eastern
    United States to use Superliner double deck passenger cars. The consist for this train
    is usually one P42DC locomotive, two sleeping cars, a dining car, a lounge car, and 3 more
    coaches. Total route length is 934 miles and travel time from end to end is 19 hours. Our last two long distance Amtrak trains in
    the Eastern United States travel between Miami, Florida and New York City and are branded
    as Amtrak’s Silver Service. They are the Silver Star and the Silver Meteor. Both of
    these trains trace their names and routes back to the Seaboard Air Line Railroad. The
    Silver Star operates as train 91 southbound and 92 northbound while the Silver Meteor
    operates as train 97 southbound and train 98 northbound. Major cities served by one
    or both of these trains include Miami, West Palm Beach, Florida, Tampa, Florida, Orlando,
    Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, Savannah, Georgia, Columba, South Carolina, Florence,
    South Carolina, Raleigh, North Carolina, Richmond, Virginia, Fredericksburg, Virginia, and Washington,
    D.C. as well as several major cities along Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor between Washington
    and New York. For most of the trip, these trains run along the same rail line with just
    two exceptions. The first, when traveling northbound out of Miami occurs just north
    of Winter Haven, Florida, where the Silver Star makes a side trip across to Florida’s
    west coast for a station stop at Tampa while the Silver Meteor continues on north to Orlando.
    The next divergence occurs at Savanah, Georgia. Here, the Silver Meteor continues to the northeast
    closer to the coast on the same route taken by the Auto Train. The Silver Star, on the
    other hand, heads due north as it passes right through the middle of South Carolina before
    turning to the northeast and heading for Raleigh, North Carolina. The routes come back together
    in Selma, North Carolina, continuing through the rest of North Carolina, Virginia, and
    into Washington, DC before traveling up Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor to New York City. Consists
    for these two trains are quite similar. They both use single level Viewliner and Amfleet
    cars. The Silver Star typically has one P42DC locomotive, 4 Amfleet coaches, an Amfleet
    cafe, two viewliner sleepers, and a viewliner baggage car while the Silver Meteor has two
    P42 locomotives, 4 Amfleet Coach cars, an Amfleet Cafe, a viewliner diner, 3 viewliner
    sleepers, and a viewliner baggage car. From Washington DC to New York City, both trains
    are pulled by an ACS-64 electric locomotive. The Silver Star travels a total of 1,522 miles
    on its journey from Miami to New York while the Silver Meteor travels a total of 1,389
    miles. Travel times from end to end are 31 hours for the Silver Star and 27 hours for
    the Silver Meteor. Well, that completes our look at Amtrak’s
    long distance passenger train system. Thanks for joining me! If you haven’t seen my Train
    Talk on the Western long distance trains, be sure to take a look at that as well. Stop
    by the first Friday of most months for a brand new episode of Train Talk. If you haven’t
    already, you are welcome to subscribe to the channel and click on the bell icon to receive
    all notifications of my latest posts and videos to the youtube channel. And remember, you
    can always stop by every Friday at 9 AM Pacific time for a brand new railroading adventure.
    Until next time, I’m Mike Armstrong. I’ll see you down the line! Thanks for watching.


    Brightline Train – Fort Lauderdale to Miami Florida

    December 31, 2019

    Train is heading to West Palm Beach. This is the Select Lounge There are snacks, drinks, coffee, and wine available. The view of Downtown Fort Lauderdale is nice. View train real-time arrivals and status. Train to Miami is approaching. The train has arrived to Miami Central Station (or Downtown Miami).


    Clarence Falls in Love with Miami’s Metromover

    December 8, 2019

    Hey everybody, I am in Miami and I have discovered Metromover So what do I like about it first of all, it’s free and I’ve been on it dozens of times already They are small tiny cars. They come often. They’re usually very clean. It’s controlled by robots So there’s no physical driver in the pods It’s twisty and turny and really kind of fun I have a three-year-old and sometimes he gets his train sets out and designs the Coolest little loops to play on and in a way this reminds me of it It arcs through the sky You can shoot some of the greatest footage Of the city from it. As a filmmaker you appreciate some of the unique angles you can get that you normally don’t get Now more than willing to admit the cars and the whole system looks like something out of a Logan’s Run movie Or a 70’s 80’s science-fiction film Or I’ve never come to take the system and found it broken down and that some people complain the stations are less than a minute apart All these things I realize are true, but there’s a certain charm in this system I’ve never ridden anything like it anywhere and I am in love with it


    The First Abandoned Railroad Crossing

    November 28, 2019

    hello ladies & gentlemen, RailROL82 here,
    your railroad archaeologist so this dreaded day has finally arrived
    this is the first abandoned the crossing on the CSX Homestead subdivision I am
    like a blocks for Gold Coast Railroad Museum and CSX officially abandoned this
    line earlier this year I’m gonna show you guys the first abandoned crossing at
    South West 137th Avenue and you can see these lights folded awkward they’re all
    folded up with the gates have been removed I shot a car a film I shot a
    video here after Hurricane Irma and you can see all the gates were broken on
    that video and now they just completely removed them by the way here’s the
    emergency contact info and the doctype see this is gonna be track view
    Southwest you can see from the distance that the shrubs have overtaken the line see when they’re gonna break in the
    traffic I’m gonna cross here yeah okay these bars are heading north and
    then here you can see more lights folded over he’s got the yeah and then that’s attracted you north the first commandment crossing so this
    is going to start off this year I am now gonna make my way that way and film
    every other crossing and see what document what they’re like though
    alrighty guys thank you for viewing please subscribe or like give me a
    comment hit that notification bell always a pleasure thank you

    The Homeschooled Kids Who Shoot To Kill | RISE OF THE RADICALS
    Articles, Blog

    The Homeschooled Kids Who Shoot To Kill | RISE OF THE RADICALS

    November 4, 2019

    DERRICK GRACE II: How fast can somebody be a victim of gun violence? KIDS: This fast. DERRICK GRACE II: I bought the Glock 42 maybe
    2 years ago – easy to use. This is a pistol grip AK-47. Her name is Brown Sugar. This
    is the first gun that I shot that I actually saw the dust come up off the ground as the
    bullet travelled. This gun packs a lot of power. And the Uzi. This is a great gun for
    children to start with. I know it may not look like it to most of dawgs because they
    have a different view point of Uzis. But Derrica has shot this on multiple occasions, piece
    of cake. DERRICK GRACE II: Go next. There you go young man. DERRICK GRACE II: I home-school my children.
    We are currently working through volume-1 in my Unlearn and Relearn parent-child curriculum.
    I’m not a huge fan of these school systems. I think they do a whole lot to dilute the
    mental progression of our children. So, I think it’s absolutely necessary that we
    take that in our hands. INTERVIEWER: Could you tell us just generally about growing up in Tampa?
    DERRICK GRACE II: I was a terrible child. I don’t know how many fights I got caught
    setting. I know I broke in at least 20 cars as a child. Never stole anything, I just really
    got a rush out of the glass, bricks and glass, it really just made my blood boil. But yeah
    I broke in my first house, well literally 20 years ago. I was in third grade – same time I
    smoked my first cigarette, my first cigar. INTERVIEWER: Could you just kind of talk us
    through why you chose to get facial tattoos? DERRICK GRACE II: I got 33 on my face and
    I got one on the side of my head over here. The ABC stands for Adversity Builds Character.
    We’re going go to go through it; we’re going to grow through it. INTERVIEWER: Can you tell us about Unlearn
    and Relearn? What that is? DERRICK GRACE II: Unlearn and Relearn is
    a movement and a series of curriculums that I created. The mantra behind it is us whitewashing
    out the traditions and the conditions we’ve been taught to believe. There are so many people
    that have absolutely no idea why they do what they do. They just simply do it for the sake
    of fitting in a tradition. Today we’re just going to focus on money. We’re going to
    talk money, okay? Finances, ownership and things of that nature. INTERVIEWER: Why is Unlearn and Relearn better
    than sending your kids to school? DERRICK GRACE II: That’s a great question.
    I think Unlearn and Relearn is better than sending them to school. I think a lot of our
    biggest downfall is our mental dependence on outside entities for happiness, for love,
    for freedom, for things of that nature, so we have been programmed to believe I need
    money. So, somebody please give me an opportunity. I need happiness, so somebody please bring
    that and be my friend. The biggest thing in Unlearn and Relearn is self will. Understanding
    that, you are who you have been looking for and everything you’re looking for is already
    within you. You have to find a reason to pull it out. INTERVIEWER: Do you ever wish that you were
    at school? DERRICA GRACE: No.
    INTERVIEWER: Why not? DERRICA GRACE: Because, I will not like to
    be in a class 6 hours a day. INTERVIEWER: Really, why?
    DERRICA GRACE: Because 6 hours? Uh-Uh. I am not sitting down in a class
    writing so long. DERRICK GRACE II: Quick answer ok? Knock ‘em out and you get.. I give you another four
    pieces of candy but you are not going to get it until tomorrow because you are not eating another candy in one day. DERRICK GRACE II: If you lost everything today
    what you got tomorrow? DERRICA GRACE: Intellectual property.
    DERRICK GRACE II: And what is intellectual property? DERRICA GRACE: They can take your possessions but they can’t take your mind. DERRICK GRACE II: If daddy had an emergency in this house and you needed to save my life what gun would you use? DERRICA GRACE: The Glock 42.
    DERRICK GRACE II: Why? DERRICA GRACE: Because it has less strength. INTERVIEWER: Why does the curriculum include guns? DERRICK GRACE II: Because violence can take
    place at anywhere in the world at any given moment. But I’m a firm believer if you have
    guns in your house and the educated mind is far greater than the wondering mind. So I
    think it is very much necessary that you both educate your children on guns and the gun
    rules and laws on whatever land you are on. DERRICK GRACE II: Listen Grace how many school shooters we have this year?
    DERRICK GRACE III: 45 DERRICK GRACE II: How many random shooters
    we had this year? DERRICK GRACE III: 255
    DERRICK GRACE II: If people got guns and children in their house they should do what with them?
    DERRICK GRACE III: Teach them about them. INTERVIEWER: Are you worried about their safety at all? DERRICK GRACE II: Oh, no, not at all, not at all, they are very, very mature for their
    age and when you actually take the mystique out of a gun, kids aren’t that much interested
    in it. It’s just like a toy, like they going to play with a toy for a little bit and then they going to be like, ‘Ok. I want a new one.’ DERRICK GRACE II: Oh what if I bought you this? DERRICA GRACE: I am gonna die if you bought me that. DERRICK GRACE II: You’re going to die if I bought you that? DERRICA GRACE: Yes, I’m gonna die, oh look at this Hello Kitty one. DERRICA GRACE: This be easy peasy. DERRICK GRACE II: A lot of shooting takes
    place after night or they take place after dark. So essentially what she has to do, she
    has to locate her round, I’m sorry her magazine in her weapon, chamber a bullet while answering
    questions from my curriculum. 3, 2, 1 go. Who is Huey P Newton?
    DERRICA GRACE: An African political activist a revolutionary who along with Bobby Seale
    co-founded the Black Panther Party in 1966. DERRICK GRACE II: What do Osama Bin Laden,
    Gaddafi and Saddam Hussain all have in common? DERRICA GRACE: They challenged the dollar
    bill of the western banks. DERRICK GRACE II: Are you a buyer or a seller?
    DERRICA GRACE: Seller. DERRICK GRACE II: Good job. DERRICA GRACE: I started using guns when I
    was 3 years old. INTERVIEWER: Were you scared?
    DERRICA GRACE: I don’t know, but I wasn’t scared. INTERVIWER: Do the kids have their own guns?
    DERRICK GRACE II: Yeah, Derrick, Derrick has his own gun, he has the Uzi, the .22 long
    rifle and I’m going to buy Derrica a .22 long rifle as well.
    INTERVIEWER: A rifle for a six year old? DERRICK GRACE II: That’s typically how they
    say you should start. They say you should start them with rifles cause most handguns
    because they are so small and they pack a lot of power and recoil so a lot of children
    aren’t strong enough for handguns. DERRICK GRACE II: Now we are gonna work on that, you might not be quite strong enough
    for that yet. DERRICK GRACE II: People are doing the most weirdest things, they are shooting up Wal-Mart’s,
    they are shooting up movie theatres, eateries, like you could literally just go grab a soda
    and get shot. INTERVIEWER: In 2014, you had a shooting incident? DERRICK GRACE II: Yeah. DERRICK GRACE II: Tiffany, which is my youngest
    daughter’s mother, I was gonna retrieve her from her mother’s house but I remember her
    mother storming down the drive way and her son was there too. He swung one time, I just
    leaned out to the left and start firing out the passenger door, shot her, shot her in
    the hand and I ended up shooting him in the arm. It is a traumatic experience on both
    ends. Especially, when they are 2 feet away from you, you know you smell somebody’s
    flesh burning when you see the blood. My situation was self-defence. DERRICK GRACE II: I think it played a huge
    part in me not being arrested. INTERIWER: Don’t you think that if guns were illegal less people would be killed to
    gun crime? DERRICK GRACE II: No, I agree a 100%. But
    I think our country is so deep and far invested into that mentality, it would be impossible
    to get guns off the streets. DERRICK GRACE II: Big dawg time c’mon. Other way, other way, flip that clip. There you
    go, lock it in. There you go. INTERVIEWER: Is this their way of being protected? DERRICK GRACE II: Absolutely, this, this is
    definitely a way of preparing and protecting them. I have full confidence in my six and
    nine year old that should an emergency arise, we don’t get out alive, we definitely will
    put up a great fight. INTERVIEWER: If someone broke into your house, I mean, would you really want your kids to shoot them?
    DERRICK GRACE II: I will absolutely want my kids to take lethal action. No you can’t
    violate or force your way into this house at all. I would much rather them have the
    peace of mind knowing that you no longer exist than worrying about are you gonna come back or will this happen again. INTERVIEWER: People have made complaints about you. DERRICK GRACE II: Right oh yeah, got a lot of those. When the kids first started demonstrating
    with guns on the internet, it’s a part of the sheriff’s office, called ‘Child Protective
    Services’, and they came here, and they was like, ‘Oh we got a complaint. Can we come in? Can we look around? Can we interview your children?’ The answer to every question was absolutely
    not, you are not coming in, you are not gonna search, you are not gonna interview my children.
    We are exercising our second amendment. Have a nice day.