Browsing Tag: documentary

    Growing up: The story of ION light rail in Waterloo Region | Trailer
    Articles, Blog

    Growing up: The story of ION light rail in Waterloo Region | Trailer

    October 17, 2019

    [Music plays throughout] People wonder what’s in the water here. Flip back through the pages and paragraphs of this community’s history and you can see why that’s a question asked with a straight face and a notebook in hand. This place its got a gift for peering
    beyond the horizon, for resilience in the face of adversity. Over the past century and a half,
    its attracted farmers, craftspeople, industrialists, academics, and
    tech startups to its streets and fields. And its rolled with the punches. [crowd cheering] Its dusted itself off following
    the decline of manufacturing and the automotive nosedive. Its redefined its image marrying
    new ideas with old buildings. Breathing life into abandoned spaces. [key opening in lock] Recently, like others, Waterloo Region
    began to push its urban limits towards the countryside. Sprawling across the
    rich fields that give us food, groundwater, and a special connection to
    a rural landscape. But unlike many others it sat up and took notice that a unique way of life was slowly eroding. In a community of three robust cities and
    four pastoral townships, maintaining a rural/urban balance is no easy feat, but that’s the tightrope this community walks every day. Waterloo Region had a decision to make. Allow the urban limits to push further
    into its farmland or contain that growth in the downtown cores. It would be a hard decision that would
    shape the community for generations to come and establish these past few years as a historic period in the ongoing story of Waterloo Region. [fireworks play throughout]

    What happened to London’s trams?
    Articles, Blog

    What happened to London’s trams?

    October 15, 2019

    Ask most people what they know about trams in London, and they’ll say… Erm… I know there’s trams in Croydon. But I think that’s it..? But did you know London used to have the biggest tram network in Europe? So what happened to it? And why is Croydon the only part of London that has trams today? ♫ ♫ ♫ In oldy woldy times, when pretty much every mode of transport involved a horse the best way of getting lots of people to the same place was an omnibus. It was an uncomfortable and bumpy ride. But a clever solution would be brought to London by an eccentric Victorian billionaire from America whose name was George Francis Train. Ha! Really? Mr. Train’s cleverly simple idea was to have omnibuses run on rails running along the street. Mr. Train called them “trams”. Suddenly horses could carry much heavier loads, and go much faster and smoother without giving everyone an orgasm. This also made them affordable. Fares were set at the reasonable price of half a penny. But other road users hated Train’s trams. The rails weren’t recessed into the road, they stuck out good and proper tripping up other vehicles and causing their wheels to break off. But Train continued to build his tramways all over London without ever asking permission first. Until he was stopped in his tracks in 1861 when he was arrested for “Breaking and injuring the Uxbridge Road”. From now on, any entrepreneur wanting to build tramways in… From now on, any entrepreneur wanting to build tramways in London would have to bury their tracks nicely into the road out of harm’s way, and pay for the maintenance of the entire road surface. This meant they now had to solve a rather sticky problem. The average horse produced between 15 and 35 pounds of manure per day. It was famously predicted that if London’s horse traffic continued to increase it would be nine foot deep in horse manure by 1950. The solution eventually came at the end of the nineteenth century with a source that was safe, efficient, cheap, clean and reliable. Electricity. Electricity could be harvested either from cables above the road, or a conduit below. Now that horses were no longer required and the trams were totally turd free the network was able to grow and grow. The London County Council built new connections linking working class suburbs with industrial areas to help get people to work, making it the first truly public transport system in London. They spread particularly far in south and east London to areas which, by no coincidence at all, continue to be poorly served by the Tube. Everywhere in London was getting electric trams. Well, almost everywhere. If you look at this map of the network, you’ll see a vast area close to central London where tram tracks fear to tread. These were the posh parts of town: Kensington and Westminster. Well, that’s understandable I suppose. Westminster had historic streets. And those overhead cables were so ugly. That was the reason they weren’t wanted here, right? Wrong. Many trams used the conduit system with no visible cables. So, if it wasn’t cables, why were they so trams-phobic? Trams, for want of a better expression, were for poor people. Local campaigners complained that trams catered for “an undesirable class of person” and successfully kept the entire central London area unbetrammed. – Thank you, Sir. Because of this, two vast networks north and south of the river remained unconnected. Not because of the Thames, but because of toffs. And it would stay like this until 1906, when a big and very impressive tramfrastructure project was built here. Kingsway in Holborn was built by bulldozing straight down the middle of the slums. The Victorians used to do this sort of thing all the time but Kingsway was special because it came with its very own tram tunnel something never done in London before, or since. This small but truly unique piece of track linking north to south meant that by 1914 London had the biggest tram network in Europe.
    – Yaay! But not for long.
    – Awww. After WWI, money was tight, and tram rails were expensive to maintain. So the tram operators began turning to a newer, cheaper piece of technology – the trolleybus. Trolleybuses were like trams but on pneumatic tyres. They didn’t need rails, which meant they were quieter and more flexible and they could overtake things, like this dick. It was the beginning of the end for the tram. And the middle of the beginning for the trolleybus. But alas, alack, London’s trolleybuses were not long for this world. One person whose fault this was, was Minister for Transport Ernest Marples the man responsible for provisional driving licences, MOTs, traffic wardens, single yellow lines, double yellow lines, Doctor Beeching, and several affairs with prostitutes. Marples wanted people driving more, partly because the car was a symbol for individual freedom but partly because Marples’s family ran a tarmac company. Marples got councils to change their streets to make more room for cars which meant cables had to be torn down. London’s vast network of trams and trolleybuses would need to be replaced by motor buses. Until then, the idea of getting motor buses to take on such a big job was unthinkable. Motor buses were small and heavy and noisy and inefficient. But that would all change…
    * ding ding *
    in 1959. The new Routemaster bus which was super efficient and ran on diesel could carry almost as many people as a trolleybus, but had two massive advantages. 1. Drivers wouldn’t have to worry about the trolley poles coming loose and 2. They could overtake each other. In fact, they could go literally anywhere. With diesel fuel now cheaper than ever, it was a no-brainer. From 1959, Routemasters began replacing tram and trolleybus routes all over London. The network’s capacity was reduced slightly. but since passenger numbers were dwindling anyway, nobody cared. Well, lots of people cared and they were really upset about it. But nobody who mattered cared. It was out with the… *electric motor noise*,
    and in with the… *diesel engine noise* So is there anything left of London’s tram and trolleybus network that you can still see today? Well… There are a few surviving tram sheds, some still with tram tracks in. Eh. There’s a couple of trolley poles still there that are now used as lamp posts. Ooh! There’s a bus route in west London that still uses the number 607, the same as the original trolley… Boring! And this building in Walthamstow has the word “tramway” on it. So the answer is no, not really. Nothing impressive. With one massive exception. This… this… This is what’s left of the Kingsway Tunnel. You can still see very very very clearly where the tram tunnel entrance used to be. Sometimes they open it up for tours, sometimes they use it as an art gallery but at the moment it’s being used to help Crossrail construction. Down at the other end, the entrance has been turned into the door of a night club and the middle half has been turned into the Strand Underpass. And so, the trams and trolleybuses had gone, and London forgot about them. And so did the whole country. Cities up and down the UK were ripping up their tram tracks and pulling down their trolley cables. The only place in the country that kept its tram was Blackpool pleasure beach. Trams, for decades, evoked images of nostalgia and the olden days. – I used to take the tram for a farthing. Even the word “tram” was funny. – …straight in front of a tram. But then, something changed. Traffic congestion was worsening, Demand for public transport was increasing, Pollution became a thing, and trams, suddenly, all of a sudden, had gradually started to suddenly become appealing again. Croydon in south London which had a growing town centre and no Tube was the perfect place for a 21st century experiment. For the first time in 48 years, trams were coming back. These trams would be a fair bit different from the 20th century ones. They were single, not double decker And they were multiple articulated units.
    Which basically means they’re bendy. As well as running on the streets, the new trams would make use of bits of disused or underused railways combining the on-street convenience of buses, with the separate-ness and speed of trains. The Croydon Tramlink, opened in 2000, was an instant hit, attracting 15m passengers in its first year and that number’s kept going up ever since. At around the same time, very similar tram schemes opened in Manchester, Nottingham, Sheffield, Birmingham, and Edinburgh. And don’t get me started on the resurgence of trams in the rest of Europe. So trams are very much back in business for the 21th century. But what about London? Are there plans for any more new tram routes in London? The Cross River Tramway, planned to open in 2016 was meant to run from Camden Town to Peckham/Brixton. The route used Kingsway, but bafflingly had no intention of using the old Kingsway tunnel, instead running on the street above. The scheme had plenty of support, but not enough plenty of money. So it never happened. Then there was the West London Tram planned to run along one of London’s busiest bus corridors from Shepherds Bush to Uxbridge. But two burly men in suits holding a big sign were stood in the way so this never happened either. To be fair, a road like this isn’t suitable for modern trams, and most of London isn’t. To dig up a street this narrow to build the tracks would be prohibiti-tively impractica-cactical. Some campaigners tried to save the West London Tram by suggesting a compromise where they just put the electricity cables up and make it a West London Trolleybus instead. Personally, I think that would have been a brilliant idea. A trolleybus is the best of both worlds: Cheaper and easier to build than a tram but it still replaces noisy polluting buses. In fact, come to think of it, why don’t we do that everywhere? London’s more than 8,000 buses are a huge source of dangerous pollutey air that kills that kills 9,500 people per year. TfL have tried to make them greener, but the best they’ve been able to come up with is a hybrid bus that uses its diesel engine a mere most of the time. The bad news is, the technology for a 100% pollution-free bus that doesn’t need cables at all is not coming any time soon. So I say, let’s get a groove on and hang those cables back up! A modern trolleybus would only need cables on two thirds of its route and those cable wouldn’t need to be so spider webby anymore. There’s no avoiding it, those overhead wires would still be fugly But it’s not just technology that’s moved on, it’s our priorities too. And if 21st century Londoners finally get to breathe clean air then those hideous wires might end up looking quite beautiful. – Hey do you want to hear my new podcast?
    – No. Great! It’s called “Mates Bants” with an 8 and a Z. (very muffled, crackly, barely audible male chatting and laughing) – The audio quality’s really terrible.
    – Oh! I knew I was no good at recording podcasts. I don’t have the knowledge how to do it. I’m rubbish. There there. I have a solution for you. Why don’t you sign up for a monthly subscription to Skillshare? Skillshare is an online learning tool where you can take a course about how to make podcasts sound good or if podcasts aren’t the thing you want to get better at there are courses about music production, or video editing That’s my favourite! or animation. What’s more, if you click the link in the description below the first 500 of you will get Skillshare for free for the first two months. Oh my gosh, thank you! How can I ever repay you? Just under ten dollars per month should do it. That’s how much it costs for an annual subscription to Skillshare. – When I say “skillsh”, you say “air”. Skillsh!
    – Air! – Skillsh! – Air! – Skillsh! – Air! …
    – Air! – Ah, I didn’t say “Skillsh”
    – Ohh!!

    In Tokyo, These Trains Jingle All the Way
    Articles, Blog

    In Tokyo, These Trains Jingle All the Way

    October 14, 2019

    (humming) – [Narrator] In train and
    subway stations all over Japan, you’re likely to hear a fully composed seven-second jingle that is uniquely written for that station. And if you’re one of the millions of Tokyo metro riders You’ve probably heard one of these jingles composed by Minoru Mukaiya. (lively music) (soft music) (upbeat music) – [Narrator] Over time,
    Mr. Mukaiya shifted his focus to his other passion-trains- and formed a company
    that builds simulators. In this world of trains, he found a new outlet for his music and got to work composing train melodies. Like this one (Shibuya Station music) (pensive music) (Ochiai music) (Takadanobaba music) (Monzen-Nakachō music) (Waseda music) – [Narrator] Having found a
    marriage of his two passions, today, Mr. Mukaiya considers
    himself a lucky man.

    as it is – A Grand Canyon VR Documentary
    Articles, Blog

    as it is – A Grand Canyon VR Documentary

    October 11, 2019

    Anything that lies in this Canyon, the
    Grand Canyon, is all sacred even the water. Water is life and so water made that
    life to make that Canyon. The natural beauty of it right now is
    still alive. It’s still there and that’s where our prayers are going. The Grand Canyon is among the Earth’s
    premier natural wonders and home to one of America’s most beloved national parks.
    The Canyon cuts a broad track across northern Arizona. A mile deep, over 18
    miles wide, and 277 miles long, it has fascinated every human to lay eyes on it
    for thousands of years. The national park now serves over six
    million visitors annually, but each year only twenty thousand will see it from
    the bottom up. A rafting expedition through the Grand Canyon is, for many, a life-changing experience. It’s a journey into vast wilderness, a
    descent into deep geologic time. Exposed rocks formed hundreds of millions of years ago pass by as you slip further into the wild A river trip through Grand
    Canyon is one of the only places where you can go and be away from the hubbub
    of computers and cell phones. I think spending time rafting on the Colorado
    River is a great way to connect with water in a very special and unique way. Without a motor, a river trip through the Grand Canyon can take as long as three weeks [yelling, laughing, screaming] Each day of the trip, the Colorado River
    throws a variety of the monstrous rapids at you. “Suck rubber!” “Here comes another one! Suck rubber!” Upon his visit to the Grand Canyon in
    1903, President Theodore Roosevelt said “Leave it as it is, you cannot improve on
    it. The ages have been at work on it and man
    can only mar it.” We have marred the Grand Canyon over the last 100 years. We have not left it as it is. We made the Grand Canyon a national park
    in order to protect it, but now a radical new idea for development threatens the
    very heart of the canyon. Developers based in Scottsdale Arizona want to
    construct a major new tourist attraction on the eastern rim of the canyon, down
    into an area known simply as The Confluence. “The Confluence is the area in the Grand
    Canyon where a Little Colorado River meets the greater Colorado River in the
    Canyon. In this space, where the rivers meet,
    our stories say this is where life began. This is the emergence place.” “Sometimes I’ll be really feeling bad,
    and I’ll go out there sat in the hill and pray. The Confluence is where people
    meet to pray, to come together and pray as a family. I oppose the Escalade bill
    because we hold that place as a sacred place. We do our offering there for the
    sacred sites. The development, known as the Escalade proposal, outlines a resort
    complex centered around a gondola system that would take crowds of visitors all
    the way from the rim to the river. “Grand Canyon Escalade would include
    five-star motels, a raised riverwalk, an amphitheater, a restaurant, and a tram, a
    gondola system going all the way down into the Grand Canyon at our most sacred area.” Although 20,000 rafters visit the Grand
    Canyon each year, very few will actually set foot at The Confluence. The
    developers of the Escalade proposal plan to bring 10,000 people a day to this
    secluded area The land on the rim of the canyon above
    the confluence isn’t part of the national park. It’s the western edge of the Navajo Reservation. The developers went to the
    Navajo Nation Council to get the project started
    but the Navajo are not the only indigenous people with ties to The
    Confluence. The Hopi and Zuni tribes also find The Confluence culturally significant. When somebody passes on, their soul will return back to where The Confluence is at. In Hopi, they call it Sipapu. That’s where they say
    that your soul will go back to go back into Mother Earth. If you’ve never
    seen a sacred site or a prayer site you walk right by it or you might even step
    on it or walk over on top of it. We don’t want those things destroyed.
    We don’t want them disturbed. “My first thought was that it was a
    joke. A Laugh. And then
    my second thought is: is this a joke? Angry. And then: this has to be a joke.
    Sadness. Just great sadness. And I said:
    this is a joke. I’m gonna fight it.” In response to the Escalade proposal
    some of the Navajo families formed a grassroots organization called
    Save The Confluence. Save The Confluence gathered thousands of signatures on a petition against the Escalade proposal Other communities have rallied behind
    save the confluence to protect the Grand Canyon, including the Hopi, Zuni, and
    Havasupai tribal councils They are supported by more allies like
    Grand Canyon National Park, The Sierra Club, American Rivers, Grand Canyon Trust,
    and the Grand Canyon River Guides Association, who are also working to
    protect and preserve the Canyon. “I think that the Escalade project would very
    much alter the place. In ways, it has already been altered through Glen Canyon
    Dam, and so, we really want to continue to find ways to partner with the Native
    American tribes that call Grand Canyon sacred. Keeping the river and that
    experience wilderness is really important for future people getting to
    have that opportunity to really experience The Canyon as it is “What are the chances that the Grand
    Canyon Escalade project will be placed on the side of Grand Canyon?” “Very real. It’s not gone away.” “Really?” “Yeah. What I mean, the current Navajo Nation position and the president is great it’s a temporary
    relief but as we speak the developers are forming their partnership. They’re
    out searching for the next venue. They’re at every Navajo Nation Council meeting
    lobbying all of the leadership. Everybody has to stay vigilant on this topic we
    are working directly with the tribe for cultural and economic development
    that’s sensitive, long-term sustainable and that we can help with that Grand Canyon
    being the neighbor to the Navajo Nation. The Escalade proposal was introduced
    right as the Bennet freeze was lifted. The Bennet freeze was a development ban
    imposed by the United States federal government on 1.6 million acres of land
    in the western region of the Navajo Reservation. It lasted over 40 years and
    contributed to extreme poverty in the area. “I’ve been away from my homeland
    almost 26 years. Coming home, things hasn’t really changed yet.
    Meaning that opportunity for jobs there’s areas here are novel
    unemployment’s as as high as 60%. Where I live, down in Nahata Dziil, I call it, 80% joblessness. Our people need money. They need. They need jobs. It’s not that I’m
    supporting it. What I support is economic development on Navajo. “The revenue that they’re willing to give to the Navajo Nation would be at 8% of gross revenue. That’s for the entire Navajo Nation.
    110 chapters over 350,000 members
    of the Navajo Nation 8%. That’s like asking your whole
    household to share eight pennies.” “How do you feel about us coming in with a project? How is it gonna effect you? Nobody came to me. Is it okay with you?
    Nobody came to me. They just went right over that permanent holder.
    Land user. On October 31st 2017, the Navajo Nation Council held a special session to determine the fate of
    the Grand Canyon Escalade proposal. “I am here today to
    express my concerns and why we are trying to destroy the sacred Mother Earth
    and the sacred Grand Canyon that was put here by Mother Nature
    millions of years ago. Why are we doing that? People that are trying to develop
    this area is not good. They should listen more to their traditional people. I’d like to say to the Council here, that these preceedings here is illegal. Because you have not consulted with the water people. You have not consulted with the wind people. You have not consulted with the rock people. And all of these natural ways of life have never been consulted. So, this is an illegal meeting
    that it’s going to take place.
    Thank you, Mr. Speaker. You know, what is the future of our
    generation here, you know, our future generation will have nothing
    and they will this only have scars to look at” “By a vote of 2 in favor, 16 opposed, the amendment fails.” “The Navajo Nation Council said No Escalade!” [screams, celebratory laughter] “Saving the Confluence!” “No More Escalade!” “We get to sleep now!” “I was happy with it and I was a good
    feeling to come back home and tell my people that happened. I just want that
    natural beauty to stay there for our future generation to say okay my
    grandparents had fought for this place we just need to keep it the way it is.
    That’s all I want is for people to leave it alone and respect that place.” The Grand Canyon still faces many threats. A 20-year ban on uranium mining is now
    under review and might be lifted. Proposed residential development in the Tusayan region near the South Rim threatens groundwater supplies. “The seeps and springs they’ll all be impacted along this rim
    by development and taking any water ground water out of the aquifers below
    here. This is an unnecessary development that’s really promoted by a few wealthy
    developers who want to have Grand Canyon in their portfolio and they want to be
    the ones that yeah we own part of the Grand Canyon and I think it’s our place.” The fight against the Escalade proposal
    isn’t over. Developers could resurrect parts of the plan and negotiate a new deal for development in the Grand Canyon “We need to keep working. There’s still
    people, there’s still developers wanting to come in to take advantage of that
    area. It’s become more than just a family everybody on the Navajo Nation, the other
    grassroots groups that revere the water, that want to stop fracking,
    that want to stop uranium mining, uranium transportation. That’s our whole family now. The petition signers all over the world, I just wanna express our
    humble thank you, Ahéhee’. Stick with us. We still need all the support
    in order to protect and preserve it for everybody.”


    Contra A Copa: The Other Side of Brazil’s World Cup (Part 3)

    October 9, 2019

    L’hélicoptère survole la manifestation
    avec une caméra, et on peut la suivre en temps réel. La Coupe du monde n’aura pas lieu ! [CONTRA A COPA
    PARTIE 3 SUR 4] Afin d’accueillir la Coupe du monde,
    la FIFA a demandé au Brésil de grands changements en termes de sécurité et d’infrastructures. Dans les rues de Rio, ça s’est traduit par
    une guerre contre les trafiquants de drogue. En réalité, les faits montrent que c’était plutôt
    une guerre contre les populations révoltées des favelas. Mais les habitants ont contre-attaqué,
    des policiers ont été tués et un de leurs hélicoptères a été détruit. Dans le nord de Rio,
    à 4 km du stade du Mondial, 8 000 familles ont occupé
    un bâtiment de télécom abandonné. En avril dernier, quand l’heure était venue de les virer
    pour laisser place au foot, les rues se sont embrasées. “La Coupe du monde n’aura pas lieu” est devenu
    le cri de ralliement de tout le pays, et particulièrement celui des favelas. La Coupe du monde n’aura pas lieu ! La Coupe du monde n’aura pas lieu ! Chaque exécution de la police a fait monter l’hostilité envers le gouvernement
    et ses projets pour les riches. Vous avez tué un innocent ! Vous avez tué un innocent ! Il semblerait que la seule réponse
    du gouvernement à cette colère populaire soit d’accroître l’utilisation de la force. [RIO DE JANEIRO, BRÉSIL]
    On est allés dans un bidonville un peu excentré,
    la favela Rocinha, l’un des plus grands de Rio, pour voir ce qui a changé depuis la prise de contrôle
    de la police il y a 2 ans et demi. [TIM POOL, VICE NEWS]
    Pacifiée en novembre 2011, Rocinha
    est aujourd’hui sous surveillance policière 24h/24. Je m’appelle Weelf,
    je suis rappeur. [WEELF, HABITANT DE ROCINHA]
    Un pur produit de la favela Rocinha,
    la plus grande d’Amérique latine. On est à l’entrée de la 2e rue. Je vais vous faire visiter la paisible communauté dans laquelle on vit et vous montrer les conséquences du projet de l’État. Ils ont créé un vrai camp de concentration
    et nous maintiennent sous surveillance policière. J’ai parcouru une bonne partie
    de la favela Rocinha. On m’a expliqué ce qui se passe depuis la pacification
    et on a rencontré un jeune qui veut rester anonyme. Il fait partie d’un gang
    et il va nous raconter ce qui se passe. Comment toi et les gens des favelas
    voient la Coupe du monde ? Je pense que c’est bien
    qu’elle ait lieu au Brésil, mais ce Mondial est pour les riches,
    les pauvres ne pourront pas y aller. C’est pour ça que les gens
    ne sont pas très enthousiastes. On voit pas de fresques sur les murs, on voit plus de petits drapeaux comme avant. Le Brésil est un très beau pays
    pour faire des photos, mais les gens ont besoin
    de nourriture et de soins… L’autre jour, à la télé, j’ai vu
    une femme qui accouchait au milieu de la rue. Son bébé est venu au monde sur le sol. C’est inconcevable que de telles choses surviennent dans
    un pays assez important pour accueillir la Coupe du Monde. Au lieu d’être investi dans l’eau ou la santé,
    l’argent qui part dans les favelas ne sert qu’à installer
    des caméras pour contrôler la population et s’assurer du bon ordre. Ça fait quoi de voir fleurir les caméras ? Les gens ont des avis
    très différents là-dessus. Certains s’en foutent complètement, et d’autres le vivent comme
    une intrusion dans leur vie privée. Si l’UPP [Unité de Police Pacificatrice]
    utilisait de bonnes méthodes, ça pourrait servir à quelque chose. Mais si c’est pour qu’ils aient
    des preuves d’incivilité, comme ça m’est arrivé 2 fois… Si je veux des images pour prouver que la police a mal agi avec moi, ils ne les fourniront pas. Par exemple, celle-ci… Beaucoup de gens n’aiment pas être surveillés. Par exemple, celle-ci est cassée. Regarde. On s’est demandé qui était
    à l’origine de cette surveillance. Alors, avec Matias,
    on a essayé de les débusquer. [MATIAS MAXX, ACTIVISTE/RÉALISATEUR] On va au CICC,
    le Centre intégré de commande et de contrôle. En fait, c’est là qu’ils ont toutes les caméras,
    les écrans et tout. Et toutes les agences sont là.
    La police militaire, la police civile, la police fédérale. J’espère que ça va m’impressionner. Enfin, non, parce que
    si je suis impressionné, ça veut dire qu’ils nous surveillent vraiment.
    Ce serait la merde. Je comprends pas ce qu’elle raconte. Putain, mais tu veux que j’aille où ? Plein le cul de ce GPS. Parcourir Rio en voiture avec Matias,
    c’est toujours une aventure. Quand on se perd pas,
    on tombe en panne d’essence, ou les 2. Ah, putain. Plus d’essence ? Ouais. J’espère juste pas tomber en panne d’essence
    dans le parking de cette merde. La prochaine étape de notre parcours,
    le Centre de commande, est un bâtiment récent de surveillance construit
    pour la Coupe du monde. Il a coûté environ 50 millions de dollars
    au gouvernement, et c’est le cœur du système
    de surveillance de la ville. Très peu de Cariocas connaissent
    l’existence de ce bâtiment. C’est si nouveau que, pour accéder au parking,
    il faut grimper sur des trottoirs. Qu’est-ce qui se passe, Matias? Ils ont dit de passer sur le trottoir pour rentrer dans le parking. On n’est pas censés faire ça, mais
    c’est le gouvernement, donc… Putain, j’espère que
    la voiture n’a rien pris. Le Centre de commande fait partie
    d’un grand projet de surveillance des données. Il est dirigé par des officiers
    de la police militaire. Première étape,
    la salle du serveur. C’est le cœur du centre. Tous les serveurs et le matériel [COL. CARLOS ALFRADIQUE, POLICE MILITAIRE DE RIO]
    se trouvent ici. On a une capacité de stockage
    de 98 terabytes. À ce que je sais. Et on est en train d’ajouter
    130 terabytes de plus dans une autre pièce qui va être ouverte
    au gouvernement fédéral. Le centre a été construit pour
    la Coupe du monde et les J.O. de 2016, mais c’est aussi un nouvel outil du gouvernement pour
    surveiller les favelas les plus difficiles qui entourent le stade. Les caméras de l’UPP, elles sont aussi reliées ? Oui, elles diffusent toutes ici. Ici, on peut voir une caméra
    qui filme le Complexo do Alemao. On voit ce que voit chaque caméra. Si un touriste qui vient pour le Mondial appelle le numéro d’urgence, les données de sa requête
    seront transférées à la police ou aux représentants de chaque agence afin qu’on puisse faire
    le nécessaire pour l’aider. On a les images des caméras
    des hélicoptères. Lors des manifestations,
    par exemple, l’hélicoptère a une caméra au-dessus
    de la manifestation et on peut la suivre d’ici en temps réel. Combien de ces écrans vont diffuser
    les matchs du Brésil ? Ici ? Aucun. Même pas un ? J’y crois pas. Personne regardera le foot ? Faudra suivre à la radio. Le centre fait partie d’un projet visant
    à garder un œil sur les manifestations. Une large frange de la population
    s’est opposée à un nouveau projet de loi antiterroriste du gouvernement brésilien
    qui aurait rendu toute manifestation illégale. Cette loi prévoyait des peines de 15 à 30 ans
    pour incitation au désordre public. La Coupe du monde n’aura pas lieu ! Comme beaucoup de ses voisins latino-américains,
    le Brésil n’a pas de lois antiterroristes en raison d’abus terribles
    pendant la dictature militaire qui a pris fin il y a 20 ans. Les Brésiliens refusent de laisser
    les militaires reprendre le contrôle du pays. Désormais, de plus en plus de citoyens
    expriment leur colère dans la rue. Police terroriste ! Ils se sont mis à chanter,
    “Silence dans la favela ! Silence dans la favela !” [À SUIVRE DANS LA PARTIE 4] Il y a vraiment des gens riches qui disent,
    “les pauvres, fermez-la” ? – Ouais.
    – C’est dingue. La FIFA va tomber ! La FIFA va tomber ! La FIFA va tomber ! La FIFA va tomber !


    Inside El Chapo’s Escape Tunnel

    October 7, 2019

    This is the tunnel that, Joaquín Guzmán came out of. We’re
    gonna go down and take a closer look. Let’s go check it out, guys. Yeah, this is maybe about 20 feet. 25 feet maybe. We’re standing in a mid of cornfield farm he in Almoloya de Juarez, This is the community where
    the Altiplano Maximum Security Federal Prison is
    located at all here to my left about a mile that way and incidentally, about the same
    distance this way is a Mexican army military base. This geographic location nonetheless, is where Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán apparently escaped from
    the Altiplano prison, from the end of a tunnel, located in this
    property right here behind me. At about 9 p.m., prison authorities inside Altiplano lost visual contact with Mr Guzmán, that is apparently the moment that he
    chose to escape through this tunnel located in the shower, and
    managed to get to this building right here. Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, the figure head of the Sinaloa cartel
    escaped for a second time. Deeply embarrassing the Mexican
    government, and straining its delicate relationship with US anti-drug officials. His first escape came in 2001, when Guzmán vanish from the Puente Grande prison in the state of Jalisco. By then Guzmán was already the most feared capo in the Sinaloa federation. A vast criminal organization that sends marijuana, cocaine, metaphatamine and heroin to the United States and around the world. Thirteen years later, Guzmán was caught again, at a hotel in
    Mazatlan, Sinaloa, with the help of US intelligence. United States immediately wanted El Chapo to be handed across the border
    to face drug trafficking charges in US federal court. But Mexican officials
    said they could handle Guzmán arrest and detention. They even said it would take 100 of years, before the drug lord would be extradited. On Saturday, July 11, word began
    spreading that Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, had escaped once more. The following morning, officials had almost unbelievable account to share with the public. The escape came just as President Enrique Peña Nieto and more than 400 guests, had embarked to Paris, France, to drum up foreign investment for Mexico. Under pressure, Mexico’s Interior
    Secretary returned to the country to head the
    investigations. Osorio Chong later release video footage of the escape from inside Chapo prison cell. It shows a man identified as Guzman, pacing, then putting on shoes, then ducking into a
    blind spot in the camera’s coverage, a waist-high shower stall. Chapo disappears at 8:52 p.m. Flavio Sosa is a social activist and leader from Mohaca, who was arrested on criminal charges
    that were later found to be false. As a political prisoner held in the Altiplano federal penitentiary, he was actually in the same unit at the
    prison from which Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, escaped. This jailbreaker according to has really exposed the degree of weakness, that Mexico’s justice and security
    apparatus has. The fact that Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman,
    could escape in such a stupendous and and cinematic way, raises a lot of questions about the
    usefulness on Mexico’s security administrations. This is the opening of the tunnel from which authorities say, Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman managed to escape from the Altiplano Federal Prison on July 11th, This tunnel connects to the prison which is about a mile from here. Authorities told us that we would be entering the tunnel at our own risk, as it was not reinforced all the way through. They also would not allow us to film
    farther into the tunnel, in order to confirm that it connects
    with the shower stall one-mile away. What we hear first-hand look at the
    kind of tunnel that the Sinaloa Cartel has become
    famous for constructing in their efforts to
    traffic drugs across the border. So, I think it’s safe to assume that
    this is the sort of tunnels that they’ve used to cross drugs into the United States. This is sort of the lobby if you will to the
    tunnel. The dirt that we’re just standing on its right above, by these wooden planks, so clearly you
    can see that this is a well constructed facility. Essentially
    there is a generator here beside me, and the actual tunnel down to the… link the mile-long left tunnel is right here. This is the crane that who ever
    constructed this tunnel, used in order to take down and bring up heavy material, such as some of this
    machinery. And probably I assume some the dirt brought that was necessary to pull out here in order to get this tunnel built. We’re gonna go down about 30 feet. Let’s go check it out, guys! Yes, this is maybe about 20 feet, 25 feet maybe. This is very low. El Chapo Guzman is said to be between 5’5, or 5’6. It’s basically custom-built for his frame. Goverment said this motorcycle contraption like things is not actually a motorcycle, it’s some kinda vehicle that is fitted also with this little carts, that most probably use to move the dirt. This is adapted, it doesn’t have a front tyre, it has a small energy source here, it can move forward and backward. Looks like a very old mining type vehicle. This is actually not
    the first time that El Chapo has used tunnels to move billions of dollars worth of drugs or to evade authorities. Last year just before he was nabbed in Mazatlan, authorities came close to getting Guzman in the Sinaloa state
    capital of Culiacan. But Guzman used a network of tunnels connecting various properties to allude officials again. He’s also linked to dozens of sophisticated tunnels, used to smuggle drugs to the US. Particularly along the Tijuana-San Diego border corridor. But in the end, all the government’s
    evidence may not be enough to silence people who say: El Chapo spectacular escape, might be
    nothing more than one enormous charade. Officials permitted some access to the
    prison side of the tunnel but no independent observer has yet to
    run the entire length of it, to confirm the government story. So, I gotta admit it was finally a pretty exciting to see this
    tunnel upfront. I think what you will about El Chapo Guzman he has become a folk hero in a lot of people’s eyes, for
    precisely this kind of thing, for his ability to outwitt and
    outmatch the officials who were trying to bring him to justice. What is certain, is that the myth making, and sort of the legendary status that El Chapo Guzman has built for
    himself over the years will now only be expanded because at this. And maybe he has become the most famous drug lord in history since Pablo Escobar, in Colombia. So what’s gonna happen next? Will the authorities ever find El Chapo Guzman?


    Armoured Trains of World War 1 I THE GREAT WAR Special feat. Military History Visualized

    September 25, 2019

    They were a development of the 19th century,
    but they certainly played a part in the First World War and beyond in the 20th, especially
    in the wide-open spaces of Russia and the Eastern Front where roads didn’t go. I’m talking about armored trains. I’m Indy Neidell; welcome to a Great War
    Special Episode about Armored Trains. Before I start, I want to point out that these
    are trains that had armored protection for their crews AND weapons, not like “armed
    trains” which were more for transportation only. And not like the mighty railway guns, which
    developed in parallel to armored trains and deserve their own special. Anyhow, the expansion of railway networks
    during the industrial revolution saw trains becoming vital military resources. Mostly for transport, but even in combat as
    early as the Austrian revolutionary days of 1848. Armored trains were used in the American Civil
    War in the 1860s; the first one patrolling north of Baltimore and being used against
    the Confederacy – this hinted at their later use in anti-partisan warfare. For the remainder of the century, the British
    army led their development, using them in colonial warfare. A big development during this time was placing
    an expendable railway car at the front of the train to protect the locomotive. The first major deployment of armored trains
    was in the Boer Wars, and the British had 13 trains in use – they could travel quickly
    through dangerous territory and soldiers could fight from within. “The best known action took place on November
    15th, 1899… General Louis Botha ordered a Boer military
    force to block the train near Frere, while his troops launched an ambush from behind… When the train attempted to withdraw, it ran
    into a large boulder placed on the tracks… and one of the armored infantry wagons was
    derailed. The armored train was then blasted by the
    Boers, who were armed with two field guns… The armored train’s own 7 pounder gun was
    knocked out of action, but the armored locomotive was eventually able to push past the obstruction,
    leaving behind the derailed truck. Botha’s task force captured over 50 British
    troops as well as a young journalist… the young Winston Churchill.” This showed that the trains couldn’t really
    operate independently, so the British gave them seven main missions: infantry support,
    intercepting enemy troops, flanking protection, reinforcing railway stations and camps, patrolling,
    reconnaissance, and railway protection. They did not further develop the trains, though,
    as they saw them as only useful in colonial warfare, not European, but the Russians had
    been taking notes and began building armored trains around the turn of the century. So, when the Great War broke out neither the
    British or French had armored trains deployed. The Germans converted 9 civilian trains with
    armour plates and these were used behind the lines against Belgian and French saboteurs. The Belgians actually had two armoured trains
    of their own. The British Navy helped out at Antwerp by
    putting some naval guns on flatcars, and the Germans also used some during the beginnings
    of the Battle of Verdun, but armored trains weren’t very useful in the stalemate of
    the Western Front. It was a different story in the east. The war there was often highly mobile and
    covered huge expanses of land that were inaccessible by roads. Now, the Russian armored trains were based
    around an armored locomotive that pulled two armored cars that had machine guns and cannons. It also pushed two flatcars in front for security. These were used in the Battle of Galicia and
    in East Prussia in 1914 and had notable successes around Lemberg and then Brest-Litovsk in 1915. Austria-Hungary was so impressed – or concerned
    – by their performance that Hungarian Railways began building them in the winter of 1914-15. By 1916, they had improved the design and
    had deployed ten of them in Russia, Italy, and Romania. Again, the Germans put some together that
    were improvised designs, but they weren’t nearly as good/sophisticated as the Austrian
    or Russian models. MHV: Actually, Indy the Germans had a pretty
    good plan on how to use their armoured trains. Indy: Oh, I would recognise that German accent
    anywhere, you are the guy from Military History Visualised! MHV: Genau! And as I was saying the Germans had already
    developed a plan on using armoured trains for transport and patrol purposes, 4 years
    before the war they had regulations that even detailed how to mobilize their trains. Although, later on they improved less than
    the Russians and Austro-Hungarians. Yet, one interesting concept was the “Panzerhaus”
    or “armored house”, it was a rail car with traversable armored box or house on it. This allowed them to put various various field
    guns into them and since those also had frontal shields anyway, they had basically a poor
    man’s turret. Indy: This certainly sounds like the kind
    of ingenious design the Germans would come up with during the war. MHV: Exactly! If you want to know more about the German
    and Austro-Hungarian Armoured trains, you should come over to my channel and check out
    my new video about it. Indy: Oh, that sounds awesome, we will certainly do that. And I am sure everybody out there will also do that. Thanks for stopping by! Anyway, the Russian army. They really used armoured trains for surprise
    attacks and carrying troops into “hot zones”. They had 15 armored trains in use from Finland
    down to the Caucasus. Early in the war they were really just rolling
    fortresses with firing slits in armored cars, but by 1915 they were more like warships,
    with turreted guns and multiple machine guns. The Khunkhuz class for example had a 76.2mm
    gun at the front with a wide angle of fire and with a bunch of Maxim guns to protect
    it. Development then proceeded to armored railcruisers. These were self-propelled, needing no locomotive,
    and both the Russians and Austrians used these smaller machines with a fair degree of success. The most intense use of armored trains, though,
    came during the Russian Civil War. You could sort of guess that since much of
    the war was fought along railway connections between the larger cities, and that war also
    saw many smaller factions fighting irregular warfare. Different local militias took over the trains
    left from WW1, but the Red Army began producing its own. There was a wide variety of models, but the
    most common was still with two armored cars, a locomotive in the middle, and flatcars up
    front, maybe with a couple of field guns and 12 machine guns or so. Even so, these made up only around a quarter
    of the roughly 300 armored trains used in the Civil War. They were very effective; a Polish soldier
    recounted from the Polish-Soviet War, “In the recent battles, armored trains were the
    most serious and terrible adversaries. They are well-designed, act shockingly, desperately,
    and decisively, have large amounts of firepower and are the most serious means of our enemy’s
    tactics. Our infantry is powerless against enemy armored
    trains.” They eventually became the shock force of
    the Red Army, transporting raiding teams made up of 165 infantry, 47 cavalry, and a machine
    gun detachment. These units functioned as the train’s protection,
    but also as an extension of its operative range. That war even saw train on train combat, as
    the White Army had more than 80 armored trains of its own. One famous armored railcruiser was Zaamurets. Built in Odessa in 1916 and powered by two
    Fiat automobile engines, it saw fighting in 1916 and 1917, then when the Bolsheviks came
    to power it changed hands several times, fighting with Ukrainian militias, Bolshevik revolutionaries,
    and the German army of occupation. Eventually, it had an armored train attached
    and was taken by the Czech Legion, who were trying to leave Russia but had to go by the
    Pacific since the Germans were still fighting the war to the west. It was renamed Orlik and served with the Legion
    until they reached Vladivostok in 1920. The White Army then used it to fight the Bolsheviks
    until 1922 when they took it to Manchuria where it fought with the Fengtian Army in
    the Zhili-Fengtian War. It was captured by the Japanese and that’s
    the last I know of it. If you know more, tell us in the comments. Post WW1, armored trains were used by emerging
    nations from the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, they were used in the Chinese Civil War, and
    both the Nazis and the Soviets used them in World War Two, but their “glory days”
    were over; the days as a technical marvel and a weapon to be feared on the Eastern Front
    and indeed throughout Russia. One of the main sources for this video was
    “Armoured Trains” by Steven J Zaloga, a great overview on the topic with some really
    detailed illustrations. You can of course get the book and support
    our show if you get it through our amazon store by following the link in the description. If you want to learn more about the German
    and Austro-Hungarian armoured train doctrines, check out the new video by Military History
    visualised right here. Don’t forget to subscribe, and see you next


    Contra A Copa: The Other Side of Brazil’s World Cup (Full Length)

    September 15, 2019

    [Applause] we’re coming off of a year of the biggest protest results ever seen some of the most aggressive [Applause] we’ve guys corruption financial waste all of the soccer hooligans are coming to descend on Brazil as well you’ve got a pissed off population it seems like a very very large powder keg yeah [Applause] in 2007 FIFA chose Brazil to host the World Cup Brazil it seemed like a brilliant idea hosting the World Cup in the most football frenetic country on the planet little did they expect that it would become the focus of some of the largest protests Brazil has seen in decades this masked civil uprising began in June of 2013 and it surprised even the most jaded Brazilians hundreds of thousands of people paralysed cities across the country over a 20 cent increase in bus fares the police response was brutal in the beginning elite military police units trained to pass by Rio slums were brought to quell demonstrators but the police violence drove more people into the streets for the first time anyone can recall that people began to lose their fear of the police the protests have been remarkable for another reason the public outrage bridged wide class differences in Brazil Rios college educated kids are fighting side by side with hardened protesters from the favela who have borne the brunt of Brazil’s brutal police force thanks to the World Cup they now have a common enemy FIFA the world governing body of football and the unbridled capitalism that it represents in exchange for hosting the World Cup FIFA demanded upgrades to Brazil’s infrastructure and internal security that is Eluned into the most expensive in football history some 15 billion dollars the government insists all of the spending is worth it yes Maria I are now at a masa policía militar a police is if you acquiesce a figure out my ship in Chile warmest regards parada with the Syrian civil war but achilles give you opportunity but the past year is shown the population is fellow this outrage can only be contained through a massive mobilization of troops 170,000 military and police are being deployed to secure the games new laws have granted the military and police special powers to arrest demonstrators in a country emerging from decades of military dictatorship FIFA and the World Cup have given the police and armed forces and new reason to flex their muscles team Brazil may do its magic during the World Cup but this is not about football anymore [Music] in Rio we joined probably the most peaceful protest of the year the annual marijuana March where everyone is too stoned to cause trouble we went there to meet up with Matias who has been filming the cast in the streets from day one last year he’s part of the movement and an activist in his own right not afraid to get his camera up in the face of the police hurling a beer can at a cop last year he was arrested but even that didn’t stop him from filming we headed to downtown Rio where one of the largest rides took place to get an insider’s perspective on what the demonstrations are really about rio de janeiro way of crossing the street now we begin with the the bus fare the mayor’s were real acted and assumed a they assumed office they raised it bus fares both real and some power you know and that got people really pissed off it’s like they’ve been trick and you know like so it sounds like politics man yeah it’s not about only twenty cents it’s about everything it’s about how quality of life is sucks in real and in some pound the big cities the big events such as the World Cup and the Olympics have part of it because people are seeing like how many money is spend it for the World Cup you know it’s already the most expensive World Cup of history and it’s all for people who don’t live here it’s all for the tourists exactly and it’s sad because the Brazilians are such fanatics to football and it’s just like the they’re missing the best of the body they hosting the party but they can’t be there yeah shut up Matthias is taking us to where one of the largest protests in Rio’s history took place last year most of the protests until then had been hidden from sight and confined to poor areas in the favelas but this uprising took place right in the middle of downtown Rio there was you know the protests going all over the country or something like oh my god this is the revolutions coming is the day I waited all my life you know [Applause] people torture the car down there I got the finally the chance to first time I seen a cab car burning and they don’t sport like in the American movies then explode no they just burn burn burn [Music] without expectation with the bits floating well it didn’t you didn’t get your action movie sequence yeah if the present team plays really bad you know like in the 2006 World Cup they suck it they played really bad you know if that happens again things can get out of contr because then I’ll the population will be pissed off with the Brazilian national team and they come on now there’s more like one week of these Gringo’s having party here you know that can be a frightening football and politics are so intertwined in Brazil that whether by accident or design the presidential elections always have in the same year as the World Cup the World Cup has been seen as a way for the government to boost its ratings and there’s an official view that Brazilians love for football will override all other problems hezonia do mundo de mundo a table protégée de Levante DDoS pesos Nena poem grande event Rashmi Candace’s Allison’s commissar disembark Ando Brazil us to reach disaster ystos de todo mundo comas Aria disembark a new Brazil moister Amazon Web ENT me – mais de fest locate the protest but events in Rio last year proved otherwise and could be an indication of what to expect during the World Cup in the city on June 30th 2013 undefeated Spain played Brazil in the Confederation Cup final at Maracana stadium in Rio this would be kind of a dry run for the World Cup 6,000 police were deployed around the stadium versus 1,200 protesters at 7:00 p.m. the match started and with just a minute and a half into the game Brazil got its first chance for an attack Fred number nine made an astonishing goal while lying down outside the stadium protestors played football with tear gas canisters the police engaged Molotov cocktail throwing protesters with rubber bullets tear gas and stun grenades Fred one of the best attackers in football said that he done a lot of good things laying down but never a goal full name on outside the right became more dramatic as the game continued reaching a violent climax as Brazil’s Neymar fired a second goal this left foot high above the goalkeeper Brazil pummeled Spain 3 to 0 defeating Spain’s record 29 game winning streak but this spectacular win wasn’t enough to keep protesters off the streets [Applause] [Music] [Applause] Rio de Janeiro is famous for its sprawling favelas there are 750 of these slums stacked up on the hills throughout the city migrants from the countryside seeking work built these favelas which have spread higher and higher into the mountains but over the years these slums have been taken over by drug traffickers and gangs the deepest resentment against the Brazilian government can be found in these neighborhoods holding what I do a more hateful you know thinking these will you take up the banner and aesthetically these vast slums like the Complexo do Alemao in the northern sector of Rio have long been neglected by the state for decades these places were left to rot basic services are non-existent and drug gangs have set up a parallel government but under the banner of security for the World Cup in the 2016 Olympic Games the government launched operations imposing military law and a de facto police state on a vast majority of Rio’s urban poor at the battalion headquarters of the Brazilian Army at complex Adama a major crew check insists the pacification efforts are not linked to the World Cup CSO Paris own Ella no es Pacifica para copa de Elif we visualize ah de para trás demise Saguna Sinisa rhe camara fundamental message Costa Dorada mio mio favela kilulu engineer the Thomson said Trinamool’s vvv Akina saheba pasa pasa por mucho Grande Jose denser distant image Clinton’s he gives us Tristana CG the abandon medicine practicum energy associates the police Emir to the main tones as well canister screaming walls eras in domine ninh domine ro aside a keeping with them the operation is currently going on right now Antonio Jeffersons my treated Jesus Jesus Evita Jackie Arizona which what was Roger set you gypsum on which we see the the cars the people looking for drugs broken for guns do you think that the aberration puts stress on the on the innocent people the people who aren’t criminals having a deal with the military in the police coming in to do this work a key a comunidade laughs Evo mucho tiempo de manera que los primeros in Tony stay si UD Sega yup watch a converse aquagenic you meadow GT Emma hey Talia Sunday poised do crimin was it on kompis our tempo no sons Serie C Medicaid esteem man Eve a key which tab stop residential don’t even ask for money – people the pacification program resembles nothing less than a full-blown military operation Rios hotspots presents some of the most challenging and dangerous terrain and Brazilian elite units are some of the most highly trained in urban warfare right now we’re at favela da Marais it’s a favelas situated in between two very important roads in Rio now for a long time a lot of the favelas in Rio were not under state control there were no police here at all they were controlled by gangs so the government has started occupying these spaces these neighborhoods to try and bring them back under their control right now we’ve got military here and once the military clean up the the neighborhood they’re gonna send in the military police and then the civilian police the civil police is a lead squad known as cote will be among the first to respond to any trouble during the World Cup cote spearheaded the pacification efforts of Complexo do Alemao an operation famous in Brazil for being one of the deadliest my stylist NASA buzz akima who from marcus operators on Friday I had to model complex Dalia mom and I say keep for a premiere keeping track na kijiye no complex circuit okay but kinda CJ fair walking around the police headquarters it’s apparent that the World Cup has been a windfall for the police and the private security business some Calabrian da de nos Damon hotels so the pro corona mark is here yeah it’s the bank that’s anyone luckily chewy that’s area of the San Bernardino si an Oscar Aubrey and add th kostroma ant Ranas comunidades a aqui en Casa give ear as Marcus quasi a natural V those columns if you come before I didn’t hear a breezeway key in cash offers you a secure version of an alkali all blended much more like a lot a mountain so washed away [Music] [Music] [Music] in Thomas a samosa favelas moolaade a rich Frieder to ossify felt appreciated Apollo’s rapid operation as Ducati tourists explore kapa quality rau French but programmatic decima sobre el some scam with Ezra’s estimate preocupado que está cuidando yeah he’s no per se que te Tony Stevo cuidado de bata hace para la ciudad en contra for example a key staging Escondido Leo’s conjured a key a woman’s vanity quadrant eh Sampson bein straight eternity reproduce de todo se Shippuden be a change in contra [Applause] conseguir a key advantage of in entrando por aqui press coming disparage the Summa to the PDO change detect owners favelas mistress praça you ever ever had to jump down this is easy yeah yeah [Applause] [Laughter] while the fake favela was cool we wanted to hear what the cops do in the real favelas Rio’s elite police units are notoriously trigger-happy every year officers kill about 1300 people a vast majority of them are poor and black inhabitants of the favelas thousands have also been disappeared we’re on our way to favela Hasina to meet with the wife of a man who is disappeared by the police last year his name was on a real dough and his story has resonated with many of the protesters in Brazil his mysterious disappearance the hands of the police call up memories of Brazil’s military dictatorship pets can you tell me what kind of person I’m a real dough is like I’m a developer swaboda la comunidad Nasiri creatinine KCl at aerospace Osheaga Sima de Falla becchi nada de Mario de Falla nada a police Amato so new cosmo es mio capo Trafficante marta mo stroke or police Almaty so me in Tabasco estados de minimis comunidade pocketed raka bo-boogie push public action movie LaVon de marido oh no very important education shigeki de nasi gonna set up a pair mio marito antibody for etomidate OPP vo go Bonilla apparel fritto paper mill marriages yo como si ma de patrasche Yoko Paris principal Nelson Sessler Selma Mario porque se no Abbas a fa la cerveza por la casa umoja viva la première family bearing American tinnitus Eva Braga’s calamari okay image image emerges a policy I if I come in size of a proper associa community room [Applause] AHA sentai Oh jeepers I’m assuming the contest chemical protest o mundo – away AHA synthetic Apache low over to me I’m a real dose case through even more people into the streets to join the protests as it fueled the fire of an already volatile population Brazilians have had enough of the brutal police tactics and they refused to be controlled again by a military police state [Applause] [Music] in order to host the World Cup FIFA demanded that Brazil go through a huge makeover in terms of security and infrastructure on the ground in Rio this translated into a war against drug gangs but really it was part of a larger war against the disaffected population in the favelas but the favelas fought back killing officers and even shooting down a police helicopter in the North Zone of Rio just four kilometers from the World Cup Stadium 8,000 families occupied an abandoned telecommunications building when it came time to clear the mountain April this year to make way for the games the streets erupted in violence there will be no cup has become a rallying cry across the country resonating especially loudly from within these favelas [Applause] and each summary execution at the hands of the police has stoked more hatred towards the government and its grand plans for the rich [Applause] it seems the government’s only response to this public anger has been to use more force we went to a hillside slum called favela Haseeno one of the largest in rio to see how things have changed since the police gained control two and a half years ago pacified in november of 2011 favela hosseini is now under 24-hour police surveillance the omission was l feel so happy create a favela Coliseum automatically cheer someone can I try the Horde wish to Akira what’s up over safe woman I perceive I was in severe we have flex this project to do we study monitory by the scope is constant are so might ancient ceremony Colorado felafel years [Music] so I’ve been walking around for village aho see Nia being shown around being shown what’s been happening since the pacification and we met a young man who doesn’t want to be named he’s part of the gangs and he’s going to tell us what’s going on so how do you and people live in the favelas feel about the World Cup wha-wha Patek or metabones in Brazil myself II support my fajitas before publication Sandeep usually down of a cervical panettone multi-person today’s n operating vagabond area commercial annexed to defected Camerata Papa Brazil face passage my interceptor compassion for mr. Theodore will be tied to Germany compass on tourism grab them film I did not who are you taking a photo he made shale rock other people in France a fantasy the symbolic on by this grand conditional but they are cotton physicians philosophically instead of investing in basic infrastructure like plumbing in hospitals it seems like the only money the government is spending in the favelas is on cameras to monitor the poor and make sure they don’t break the law so how do you guys feel with cameras being put up everywhere Carlo keep a certain opinion is marriage gvg a personal leave Donaire a specific centralized dodgy being Vegeta bra Andre beneficial this will decide okay beer point sixty of the 140 I wanna see for few more about size nonprofit John Hoover idea chromatography shuttle may do or in venture Carmela see successes imagine proper proper box please please Armani it in under engine you put Louisiana prosecute this way mm-hmm Mukesh don’t wash you see monitory profound sake for example dr. Braga we wonder who is actually watching all these cameras so we went with Matthias to find out what was behind all this Big Brother style monitoring we are going to the CIC see with the central command center command Center for real is that they have all the cameras the monitors everything they have how the ages is that the military police the city police etc for years I hope to get in press it but at the same time I hope not to get impressed because if I get impressed that means they’re really watching us and that’s not cool talking driving around Rio with Matias is always an adventure if we’re not getting lost we’re running out of fuel or both I just hope we don’t get out of flow in the parking lot of the of that next door to a circus school the command and control center is a brand new real-time intelligence and surveillance facility built for the World Cup it cost the government almost fifty million dollars to complete and is the central hub for all surveillance throughout the city few of Rio’s residents know this facility even exists it’s so new that getting to its parking lot means an axle breaking drive over the sidewalk drive over the sidewalk to get into the parking lot and they’re not supposed to do that right okay they got the government so mums car didn’t get hurt the command and control center is part of an ambitious plan to harness the power of big data and is headed by officials from the military police our first out the server room Josh cam is not into it data bytes so say he stung call economize Sam III in Tutera bytes now salah considerable is on the command and control center was built up to deal with the World Cup and the 2016 Olympics but it’s also provided the government a powerful new tool to watch over the most troublesome favelas which surround the world cup stadium security no certain tastes amazing Hadas song fill destroys a bazooka complex dailymotion values this community I travel a silver Lance a shaved monkey so to reach that if they are akhada moon la liga instead of animation sow yes Dada so it starts on them sunfish village which policy I shall oh goodness trees never intentionally garnish it with some Pradesh Bashar evolution SSR what did you mail yes mbm ideas in mind with every part that police donna massive cost sampling of manifested sound really popped entire by my consumer the man officials so what is a key down almost to Brazil keep encouraging the regime the center is part of a larger plan to keep tabs on protests and a move that’s been met with widespread popular resistance the Brazilian government has tried to pass a new anti-terror law that would make protests illegal the law would allow fifteen to thirty year sentences for people inciting civil unrest like many Latin American countries Brazil has no anti-terror legislation because such laws were heavily abused during the military dictatorship which ended less than 20 years ago Brazilians refused to let the military regain control of the country and more and more citizens are now taking their anger into the streets [Music] Rio’s favelas may now be under police control but little has changed for residents criminal gangs may be temporarily silenced but now some police have taken their place skimming money and enforcing the right to do so some police are now shaking down businesses here from the providers of basic services like health care water electricity to the owners of food stands bars and nightclubs like this in the southern Rio slum known as favela Pacheco [Music] we’re in the south side of Rio which is a big wealthier and since the pacification of the favelas gentrification has started happening here now these trees parties they were free so the poor people would always come and party and the rich people were welcome saved by drugs but now that you’ve got to pay to come in these clubs the wealthy people are here but the poor people have been left out it’s not just getting into the club that now costs more but prices are soaring on assess ”tis like food transportation rent and what hits hardest for brazilians the cost in football matches we went to see how this plays out in Rio’s newly refurbished Maracana stadium the match was between two Oreos oldest teams Flamengo and luminance [Music] my ambush the biggest dam in Brazil while fulminated other team go to the overclass after the film resume the second goal they they started chanting silence in the favela sighs the favela the state people shut up you’ve got the rich people actually shut up do you think any of these people are gonna make it to the World Cup or do you think it’ll be too expensive the thing is I like $500 not only can most not afford to attend the games but Brazilian vendors can’t even profit from all the money that’s coming in from tourists to accommodate FIFA’s requests Brazil overturned a decade-long ban on beer sales inside stadiums while at the same time canning beer sales within a two kilometre radius from where the games are being held further shutting out working-class Brazilians who make their living selling here outside the matches out the government propaganda about the World Cup was out you could have bring lots of money and jobs to the country but as it approached we are seen as quite different they don’t don’t this out is poking laughter no standing by outside here when there is going to be their users games here they won’t be allowed there will be like two kilometers for their probably selling beer for the protesters the ot1 Milka Milka dad or the Commission to Dubai who gave a shitty here Janu had magic no hi nobody listen up you FIFA that’s what they’re saying here in this sprawling encampment in Sao Paulo not far from one of the gleaming new World Cup stadiums so right now we’re at the people’s cup camp it’s a huge camp of over 4,000 families that are here protesting and we’re gonna be showed around by an organizer Ejim Milson he’s it take us into the camp he or she assists are you a chief economist a Kiana peaceful gentle movement this was we’ve done that finally Kano food well we stopped here in the middle of the camp we’ve got a fire going so we’re gonna ask the locals here what they think about the world cup ouple Munda yellow girl made a difficult idea Vado Castle dead on a trajectory from Gaston me no initiative target for Delia Dharmaraja way to Casa the pro tip about fight bralla arco opposite yet approach / – it’s my dollar to buy a beautiful aesthetic open to hit the target them but the government is determined to show Brazil is ready and able to host the games and will use any necessary force to make sure things go according to plan the erosion exactamente pathologist to be affected with the eye recently she have the procedure wasn’t that official fans laugh this exercise shows how they would remove a single protester but there will most likely be tens of thousands with teachers security guards bus drivers trash collectors and even police themselves threatening to strike and shut down Brazil cities during the tournament the competition to host the World Cup is often as hard fought as the tournament itself that’s because the chosen host gets a chance to show off to the world what it’s capable of the Brazilian government has seized the opportunity to show that it’s arrived as a top global economic power but it’s not just the government and gets a chance to tell its story the people do – including those who don’t typically get a voice at home let alone abroad that’s gone oh I see you have one breakfast item any attention yeah it’s of having to come to change buzzer sound and now that the games have started they’re going to make sure they’re heard loud and clear [Applause] [Music]

    Growing Up: The story of ION light rail in Waterloo Region | Full Documentary
    Articles, Blog

    Growing Up: The story of ION light rail in Waterloo Region | Full Documentary

    September 6, 2019

    (instrumental music) [Narrator] People wonder, what’s in the water here? Flip back through the pages and paragraphs of this community’s history, and you can see why
    that’s a question asked with a straight face,
    and a notebook in hand. (music playing in background) [Narrator] This place, it’s got a gift for peering beyond the horizon, for resilience in the face of adversity. Over the past century and a half, it’s attracted farmers, craftspeople, industrialists, academics, and tech startups to its streets and fields. (crowd cheering in background) And it’s rolled with the punches. [Ring Announcer] Lennox Lewis knocks out Mike Tyson! [Narrator] It’s dusted itself off following the decline of manufacturing, and the automotive nose dive. It’s redefined its image, marrying new ideas with old buildings, breathing life into abandoned spaces. (music playing in background) [Narrator] Recently, like others, Waterloo Region began to push its urban limits towards the countryside, sprawling across the rich fields that give us food, groundwater, and a special
    connection to a rural landscape. But unlike many others, it sat up and took notice that a unique way of
    life was slowly eroding. (music playing in background) [Narrator] In a community of three robust cities, and four pastoral townships, maintaining a rural/urban balance is no easy feat, but that’s the tight rope this community walks every day. (music playing in background) Waterloo Region had a decision to make. Allow the urban limits to push further into its farmland, or contain that growth in the downtown cores. It would be a hard decision that would shape the community
    for generations to come, and establish these past few
    years as a historic period in the ongoing story of Waterloo Region. (music playing in background) (fireworks popping) (fireworks popping) (fireworks popping) (fireworks popping) (fireworks popping) (crickets chirping) [Male voice, Dennis Baer] Am I clean enough for them, presentable enough for this? Unsightly mess?
    (cross-talking) [TJ Flynn] This is perfect. (Dennis laughing) Okay good. [Laura Baer] This is Makita. [TJ] Hey, Makita.
    [Laura] This is our dog, Makita. [TJ] How’s it goin’? [Laura] Come on puppy! I grew up on this farm. My dad grew up on this farm, and uh– [Dennis] Didn’t really grow up yet. [Laura] What? [Dennis] Didn’t really grow up yet. [Laura] He didn’t really grow
    up yet, he says, but– (chuckling) lived here, from a young age. [TJ] How long has this
    farm been in the family? [Laura] Over 200 years. [TJ] Wow. [Laura] Yeah. So my grandma and grandpa had this as a dairy operation previously, and then he changed it to
    organic farm when I was, just after I was born, just
    before I was born, so 1986? We supply products from not only our farm, but probably four or
    five other farms as well, so it’s sort of like a supply, sort of
    like, a cooperative, I guess? [TJ] Yeah. [Laura] This is my brother, Daniel. [TJ] Daniel, how’s it goin’? I’m TJ [Daniel Baer] Dan. [TJ] Nice to meet ya. And this is Ian. [Dan] Hi Ian. [Dennis] And that’s the camera. [TJ] That’s the camera, yeah, the famous camera. [Laura] So Daniel raises chickens. We sell eggs and I have a community
    garden that I rent space out to about five or six other people and so we just grow
    vegetables for ourselves. [Daniel] It’s home. It’s what we did. We didn’t spend much time
    inside, unless it was raining, and even then, we were probably outside, runnin’ around, climbin’
    trees, doin’ whatever. Early mornings, I remember
    as a kid, come out, and start the three-wheeler, just go rippin’ around
    on the three-wheeler for an hour or two, whatever. If it got too cold, we’ll
    put somethin’ else on, and come back outside,
    help dad in the shop. [Laura] I think really taught me how to be connected to nature. I have such an appreciation
    for that connection. I think it really teaches hard work, and like, [Daniel] Oh yeah. [Laura] I am who I am,
    because the result of it. Not only growing up on a farm, but growing up on a
    farm that advocates for taking care of the soil,
    being connected to the land, learning that that’s where
    our resources come from, and also that our health
    is dependent upon it. I remember as a kid, it
    would take us a half an hour to get to the edge of the city, and now it only takes about 10 minutes, because there’s suburban
    sprawl happening everywhere. That belt of Southern Ontario is the best agricultural land in all of Canada. Putting concrete and cities on top of it is, I don’t think, the best use of our resources. Kitchener Waterloo is growing drastically, and I think that’s much more
    responsible urban planning. Instead of spreading
    out, growing up, right? And intensifying the downtown area. (music playing in background) [Tom Galloway] The province told us a number of years ago that we had to plan for a
    50 per cent increase in population, so 750,000 people within the next 30 years. There’s a couple ways you can do that. You can just keep building
    out, and out, and out, and sprawl further, and further
    in to green field areas, or you can try to balance
    the growth by having a lot of that growth be intensification. [Ken Seiling]
    Now, I took a report to Council and saying, now, what are we gonna do? Are we gonna continue
    to flop out and grow, or have, sprawl, or what will
    we do to maintain this lifestyle that we have here, and this kind of economy
    that we have here? [Luisa D’Amato] Because land has, traditionally, been so plentiful in North America, we have seen suburban sprawl. But here in Canada, especially, we can’t really afford that, because we have very little land that you can grow anything on. Southern Ontario has
    some beautiful farmland, and we need to preserve it. (Auctioneer chant) [Luisa] And I think there certainly is a respect for food here, and a respect for how you get it. And perhaps some of that has to do with the fact that we are a municipality that’s partially urban and partially rural, which makes us different
    from other municipalities. So we have that interplay,
    and we have that discussion every time Regional Council sits down. [Ken] We were going to constrain sprawl, constrain the growth of the urban centers, and actually grow up. Part of the mechanism,
    the tool for doing that, was really using transit
    as the planning tool, and Gerry Thompson’s very key in that. [Mike Murray] So in the early 2000s, I was Commissioner of Transportation and Environmental Services at the time, and my predecessor as regional
    CAO was Gerry Thompson. And I remember, Gerry invited
    me into his boardroom one day, and there was plans spread out along this long boardroom table. You know, the map of the community from Waterloo down to Cambridge. And Gerry had marked it
    up with magic marker, and little arrows, and notes. And he was both a planner and an engineer, and he said, what do you think of this? You know, we’re gonna build
    a rapid transit system. And, you know, I’m an engineer, was head of engineering at
    the time, and I must say, I was a bit dubious. [Ken] So at one point, he called
    me into his boardroom, and had this huge map laid out that had a convention
    center, and a transit hub, and a whole bunch of things added into it at that particular point in time. And my first reaction was that, you really think I can sell this? (Grandfather clock chiming) [David Rumpel] That’s the founder, George Rumpel, who started the Berlin Felt Company. He became up, was called
    the Felt King of Canada. He made so much felt and felt footwear, that was his claim to fame. That’s his son Walter, my grandfather, and this is my father, John. (instrumental music in background) George died in 1916, and his son, Walter, then took over the felt
    part of the operation, and he died in 1944 at a fairly young age. Both were young when they died. And then my father, John, succeeded, and then I came in with my father. It was a family affair. We all worked together. It was an interesting place. We had a lot of 50-year
    employees over the years. You don’t get that now. [Ken] The early settlers here were
    the Mennonites, with that, and we had a lot of German
    migrations in the 19th century. They weren’t upper class Germans. They were middle class,
    and peasants, and farmers, and craftspeople who came
    in without a class structure. The sense of stewardship, that I think is born out of
    the Mennonite tradition here, the sense of stewardship
    was not only available to deal with people, but
    also, their attitudes towards land and land preservation, and how they do things locally. So we have a strong sense of stewardship, no class structure, and a get up and go, very utilitarian, get up and go with it. We need to do the things
    we need to keep going in the future. [Luisa] I would agree that the culture here, no matter your ethnic
    background, is to be practical. I think that’s certainly
    something that’s just woven into the way people do business here. [Ken] When people say, well, what’s
    in the water in Waterloo, or why’s it different
    than other communities? It is, it’s a unique ability
    to value what’s in the past, but also do what’s
    important for the future. They built the expressway,
    because they needed to move people around this region. They did that in the 1960s
    and ’70s on their own. When they needed more engineers, well, they created the
    University of Waterloo. And co-op education, all
    those sorts of models, which drove the university ahead, and created all sorts of incentives to start and do things here. [Renie Rumpel] I met David, he was my lab instructor
    in my second year, and I chased him all over the place. And he wouldn’t give me the time of day. And then after I wrote the
    exam that he was working with, then he phoned me up and asked me out. [TJ] You were makin’ sure she had the right grades, were ya? (laughing) [David] I was in co-op engineering at, basically, at the cutting
    edge of the new co-op program. One of my assignments was working for the physics department, and I ran labs and tutorials, and she was in one of my classes. You asked about George Rumpel, he definitely tried to increase the value of the City of Berlin, and bring more people
    in, and expand industry. There were 14 industrialists
    got together, put up the money, and brought in a planner from New York City by the name of Leavitt. They paid his way up. He put together his ideas, and came up with a few suggestions. That was 1914, when
    Leavitt presented this. The war had broken out. The City of Berlin ended up in turmoil, because of all the problems
    of being a German city, and they sort of dropped a
    lot of their future plans to try and straighten out
    their internal problems. (instrumental music) [Renie] When it got shelved at
    the beginning of the war, they did get from this,
    they established by-laws for the growth of the city. They realized the effect of planning, that it had on the cities. So when it was resurrected in 1925, they were using these concepts, because this group of industrialists, with Breithaupt, and Lang, and Rumpel, really knew that with all the railroads, with all the production, they
    had to have some organization, and so there were benefits. [Mike] I think there were a couple of things that brought me around. And so, one was a trip that I
    took to Calgary and Portland. Met with city officials, met
    with private business owners, and especially in Portland,
    saw the transformational impact that their LRT system had
    had on that community. It also got me realizing that
    there are very, very few tools that municipalities have to
    make a transformational impact. They’re very few tools. We can do lots of things incrementally. We can incrementally add bus service, or we can, you know, incrementally change where we build our roads, but
    that’s all incrementalism. There’s very few things we can
    do that’s transformational, and building a rapid transit system is one of those very few things. [Ken] So I was convinced pretty early on. I saw the argument. I saw the transit pieces
    critical to shaping the urban form here, and the urban form was important to me, because if we didn’t do this type of thing, and created a compact urban form, that we would lose everything we had, in terms of our environment, and our rural land preservation, and the sense of community we have here, and I wasn’t prepared to let go of that, and I think many others weren’t either. (upbeat music in background) (people chatting in background) [Runners] Hello.
    [Abiey Lema] Hey. (upbeat music in background) [Crowd chanting] Zwei, drei, spank that spigot!
    Eins whoa! (people cheering) [Man’s voice] Beer everywhere! (upbeat music in background) (people chattering) [Kate Daley] Certainly, Waterloo Region
    has some of the same challenges that a lot of communities
    that grew up so much, and grew out so much into
    the post-war period face, which is that, the communities
    weren’t designed to be easily accessible by mass transit. They were designed to facilitate folks driving around in single cars. Transit in our community for a long time was not serving people terribly well, and there’ve been a lot of
    changes that have happened in the last 15-20 years that
    have been really meaningful, in terms of how useful and
    valuable that service is. [Mike] January 1st, 2000, the Region assumed responsibility for transit. So prior to that, there
    had been Kitchener Transit, and Cambridge Transit,
    and actually, you know, prior to January 1st,
    2000, you could not take public transit between
    Kitchener and Cambridge. [Thomas Schmidt] So it was no longer a local service. We were able to cross
    those local boundaries, connect Cambridge, Kitchener, Waterloo. Have it really be seamless. A transit system is only as
    good as the service you provide. If you don’t provide good service, people will not use your transit system, and good service requires investment. [Mike] So that started us on a path of really dramatic investment in transit, and really significant
    increase in transit service. [Kate] When I was door knocking
    in the 2010 election, helping out on a campaign, there are many places in
    the ward I was working on that I couldn’t get to by bus. By the time 2014 rolled around, there were two new express bus services that meant that I could get from my place to just about anywhere in the ward. [Mike] We ramped up transit service, and we saw transit ridership
    increase dramatically. And so that became our
    key piece of the puzzle, a key sort of building block
    is we could now integrate regional land use planning,
    public transit planning, and transportation planning, and put all those pieces
    together, and say, “Okay, how do we wanna shape
    this growing, urban community?” (forklift beeping) (upbeat music in background) [Mike] One of the fundamental recommendations that Council approved way back when was, we are trying to build an LRT system from the north end of Waterloo
    to downtown Cambridge. There’s the vision, is we’re gonna build, in the fullness of time, LRT from one end of the
    community to the other. [Kate] I was actually on a bus with
    my boyfriend, now husband, and he said to me, well, I
    hear they’re thinking about putting in a, you know,
    light rail transit system. And I thought about it
    for a minute, and said, that sounds like a good idea, and didn’t at that time know what we were in for in the next many years. (instrumental music) [Luisa] This is a community that was very much built on car commuting, so a lot of people were saying, “we’re spending all this
    money, and what for? I’m never gonna use that. I’m in my car. I’m not going to get out of my car, because the ION is so far away.” “It has nothing to do with me, and yet I’m being asked to pay all this, you know, all these taxes for it.” [Tom] We’ve gone through three municipal elections where this project was, probably, the key issue. [Ken] The very first election that hit was sort of more of a philosophical discussion, and you know, this is where we’re heading, and this is the kind of
    thing we’re looking at, and there weren’t dollar
    figures attached to it. The second one, it was pretty
    clear what the project was, and what the scale of it was, and there was organized opposition. [Mike] So there were, you know, strongly held views on all sides of this. There were people who were passionate, that we needed to build this. This was the right thing to do. There were other people who
    were also quite passionate that, you know, we didn’t have
    the technology choice right, or this was too expensive. They were concerned about
    impacts on property taxes. [Luisa] Part of the reason we had the ION was to get growth concentrated in the core areas, and keep it away from
    the edge of the city, in part so that we could preserve
    the farmland that we have, the beautiful, rich farmland that we have outside the city areas, but I don’t think people understood that. [Kate] It can be really difficult for people going about their day to day
    lives to have a good sense of the land use planning
    goals of the project, because that’s not something most people spend much time thinking
    about, how our community grows, what shape our community takes. [Ken] A couple of councilors ran specifically that they were gonna end the project, and one of the very verbal
    opponents in the media kept saying, well,
    let’s have a referendum, let’s have a referendum. And then, when the election took place, the person had their referendum, because it was quite clear that everybody who supported
    the project was re-elected, and re-elected substantial margins. [Kate] I was helping out with
    the municipal campaign, and one of the local tier municipalities, which doesn’t deal with LRT, but despite the fact that, you know, I wasn’t there to talk to them about the level of government
    that was dealing with this, it was, by the end of the election, almost impossible to go to most stores without hearing someone bring up LRT. So it really became the big
    issue that everyone had heard that they were supposed to care about. [Mike] I would say, people came
    forward in a respectful, well thought out way, and like truly, it sounds a bit hokey, it
    truly was democracy in action. [Jim Wideman] Okay, the first delegation
    is Kate Daley from Waterloo. Welcome Kate. [Kate] Tensions had risen a bit, but I also wouldn’t say that
    the community was opposed. I know that there was a
    tendency in some of the papers and other places for people to try to characterize it that way. I can understand why they’d do that, if they weren’t supportive of the project. But for the most part, I think, there were some folks
    who were really upset. There were some folks who had
    been convinced to be upset. There were a bunch of folks
    who didn’t know what to think, and there were those of
    us who had decided that the project was the right way to go. [Kate] There is huge awareness of this issue, as all the polls will show. There is huge anticipation
    for the decision that’s being made here tonight, and we all know what’s all been said. People have had a chance to
    have their say on this issue, and I’m quite proud to say that so many, in this community that I love, have been involved. It’s not that we all agree, but we all know it’s time for a decision. Mostly what I wanted to
    say to Regional Council, was that I had learned a lot, and that it was possible to
    have meaningful conversations, even in a climate like that, with people about the
    future of the community, and the decisions we
    make now to support it. The future of our community
    rests on this decision, and tonight I wanna learn that I am right to have confidence in those we
    have elected to represent us. Thank you. [Jim] Thank you very much, Kate. [Tom] It was a difficult decision. We had to rely on a lot of experts, a lot of experience that
    other communities had, listen to delegation after delegations, and emails after emails of
    people on one side or another of yes, or no, or what technology to use, and of course, that goes
    through your mind at night, and you’re trying to
    sort these things out, and you’re not always
    gonna please everybody, and you make these important decisions, and you don’t take these lightly. [Regional Clerk] And vote. [Jim Wideman] Ladies and
    gentlemen, thank you very much. That is the result of the
    light rail transit debate of the last eight and a half years. [Kate] There’s that sort of iconic photo, that I think many folks in
    the community have seen, of kind of a bunch of people
    spontaneously jumping up, and there’s one fellow holding a bicycle helmet above his head. But it was one of those kind of spontaneous moments
    of elation, of course, entirely out of keeping with Council expectations
    of decorum, but it was, I think, understandable
    under the circumstances. [Luisa] After the vote, almost
    everybody in the audience stood up and applauded, and
    I’ve never seen that before, and that was really a magical moment. You felt like we were
    taking a giant step forward. [Jim] For those of you who
    have been here before, when I’ve been chairing public meetings, you realize that I would not
    allow that kind of decorum? (laughing) Tonight is an exception. Thank you for your show of support. [Thomas] That day, was in some
    ways, the end of a process, but also the beginning
    of an even bigger process of hiring a partner to work
    with us, to design the system, to build the system,
    eventually getting to the point where we actually had that first shovel in the ground. [Male] On three! One, two, three, yeah! (crowd cheering) [Female] I’m only doin’ it one more time. [Male] One more time? [Female] Cause we didn’t all get it. [Male] One more time.
    [Female] One, two, three, go! (people applauding) [Mike] The biggest challenge has
    been the number of challenges, and the ongoing series of challenges. The vehicles from Lombardy, that’s been an ongoing challenge,
    that’s been a frustration. You know, you sort of think, oh, we got the funding done. There, you know, we
    can take a deep breath. Well that then just launched
    us into whole other things, or you know, there, we finally
    got Regional Council approval to proceed with the project. You think, oh, you know,
    take a deep breath, well then that just launched
    us into construction. [Thomas] I’ve always characterized it as more of a civil infrastructure project, so we replaced water mains,
    storm sewers, sanitary sewers. We moved utilities, natural gas, electrical, Bell. All of that had to be moved, and some of it was over 100 years old, and had to be replaced. When people saw 10 meter
    deep holes in front of Grand River Hospital, we didn’t need that to put a train system in place, but we needed to do that to replace, and move the infrastructure
    that was there. So it’s almost more of a urban civil infrastructure revitalization project with the light rail transit project thrown in on top of it. (bulldozer smashing) [Thomas] Construction is never a lot of fun, and when you’re building in
    the middle of a community, the urban center of a community with the businesses and the people, it’s a lot of stress for everyone. It’s a lot of impact on everyone. (instrumental music) [Mike] Construction was a
    really challenging time. We had a lot of roads dug
    up all at the same time, so that had a negative
    impact on a lot of people, and I think, you know, it
    was probably a low point, and I think probably was more disruptive than most people anticipated. It was actually a little more disruptive than I thought it would be. So, you know, that
    created some challenges. (somber instrumental music) At the same time as that
    was happening though, there was significant
    development happening around the station areas
    and along the corridor. So new condos, some
    repurposed office building, brand new office, and so at the same time as people are seeing all these negative construction
    impacts, hard to get around, they were seeing tons of cranes, and tons of new construction,
    and so I think they could see, hmm, this is actually achieving already what we talked about. (instrumental music) [Brian Prudham] I personally just made
    the move downtown last year. The first 40 years of my
    life in suburban Waterloo, and finally said, okay, it’s
    time to make that shift, and bring my family down, and so now we live down at Victoria Park, and loving it, loving it. Every weekend in the summer,
    and throughout the year, there is something to do. You know, last weekend
    was Multicultural Fest, and a couple weekend from now, we’re gonna have Ribfest. Well, that’s great, because I don’t have to get in my car, and do, I just
    literally walk out my door, and I’m in the middle
    of something cool, yeah, and that I love, and my kids,
    you know, my kids love it too. (upbeat music) [Brian] You know, bands and fireworks and ice cream and you know, stuff to do, right? And that’s what, yeah, it’s just, it’s a great way to live. (upbeat music) To me, that’s the number one thing in sort of turning this corner, and it’s getting more bodies down here, getting more people into these
    cafes, and these restaurants, and into the pubs, and sorta having more of a lively post 5 p.m. and weekend group. (upbeat whimsical music) [Brian] Early 2000s, a couple
    of the early projects in this area would’ve been,
    obviously, the Kaufman Lofts, one of the first projects to go that sorta kicked things off. At that time, I remember
    thinking when the sales launched, you know, who in their right mind’s gonna rest their head at the
    corner of King and Victoria, and buy a residential condo? I wasn’t convinced at that time. One of my partners bought a condo there, and actually, he was rewarded for it, you know, for having that foresight. Then, of course, we had
    the school of pharmacy with the University of
    Waterloo coming downtown. That was another key piece
    in changing people’s mindset about what was happening downtown. Followed, of course, by the Tannery. The tech companies had
    sort of embraced that, and so, you know, employment
    started to slowly grow alongside some of the, you know, institutional and residential projects. And then with, just with
    every sort of passing year, something else, you know, something
    else kinda came into the fold. And now, we look out,
    and we see, obviously, a beautiful Breithaupt block
    building with Google, and you know, 200-220,000 square feet. We’re staring down at the
    future transit hub sight. You know, we have great hopes. We have that link now to Union Station, and of course, you know, the million, plus or minus, million
    square feet of commercial, retail, maybe hotel, convention, you know, these types of things that
    get built into that project. Ideally, that, you know,
    that’s another massive step in sort of transforming this core. (upbeat instrumental music) (wind whipping) (David and Renie cross-talking) [Renie] Oh, watch the grooves. [David] Up the famous employee stairs. (instrumental music in background) [David] There is machinery that was sitting just in this area here that
    was part of the carding, or combing machinery for the fibers. I still have a big arch
    off one of the machines that I kept as a souvenir. [Renie] It was sad to see those things scrapped, and that’s why I got such a chuckle out of seeing, when they auctioned off these things, you know, the Old Order
    communities from Waterloo County coming in and knowing the
    value of these things, and taking them, because they
    were familiar with using them. [David] Our equipment, some of it, was scattered throughout the world. Some of it people didn’t want, because in North America,
    the textile industry, which we’re part of, had
    been tapering down for years, and there were just surplus equipment, [TJ] Yeah. [David] and nobody could really find a use for it. This was my office, and (cross-talking) [David] I spent a few years in here. [Renie] Yeah. [David] The pharmacy school and
    that whole landscape down there, was a tire factory at one
    point, and I worked there as a– (cross talking) That was my first work term at U of W Engineering, working for BF Goodrich in their
    tire plant just down here. It’s a lot of changes in this area. (instrumental music) [Rob Theodosiou] Today’s a moving day for us. A lot of butterflies, and kind of a reality check that this is all gonna happen really quick. This building’s gonna
    change in about three days. The team is a little bit antsy,
    you could say, and anxious, ’cause most breweries are
    outside the core areas, right? So we’re dealing with some tight corners, and roofs that are at different heights, but, you know, a lot of creative thinking, and we really are excited to show everybody what’s gonna happen in three of four months when we open the doors. (upbeat instrumental music) [Tony Theodosiou] When we would meet a shareholders, and we were thinkin’ about expansion, we didn’t wanna go to Toronto,
    or anywhere where we didn’t know. We like playing in our own backyard, and Kitchener is part of our backyard, and the only space that ever was mentioned in our meetings was the Tannery. If we were ever gonna open
    up somewhere in Kitchener it’d be the Tannery. We thought, oh, the
    chances of that happening are pretty slim, and then one day a space opened up at the Tannery, and the landlord came to us, and was like, hey, we really like Abe Erb. We’d love it if you opened
    up a brew pub in the Tannery. We’re like, well, that’s the only spot we’ve ever talked about,
    so how can we say no? (upbeat instrumental music) Abraham Erb came up on his own, and then brought his brother up later on. He started his gristmill very
    close to uptown Waterloo. He created a central manufacturing
    hub right off the bat, by opening up the gristmill. He drained a lot of the wetlands
    to make farmable lands, which allowed other
    Mennonites from Pennsylvania to come up and have land to work on. He also actually housed a lot
    of people in their migration. He did a lot for this town, and he created the foundation. Look, we’re still talking about him today. (pick axe on rock) [Luisa] Downtown Waterloo had the street closed, and they were excavating,
    and they found this wooden log road underneath,
    and they left it open so people could come and see
    it, and it was incredible. It was 200 years old. It was a road from Abraham
    Erb’s gristmill and sawmill, where the tracks cross King
    Street in uptown Waterloo, leading to his home, which
    is, was 172 King Street South. It’s a white house that’s
    now a lawyer’s office. It’s still there. And you can see where he
    used to go, and of course, it was very, the land was
    originally very swampy when the first settlers
    started to build on it. So they had these log roads, and eventually, that road was part of a bigger road that took you from First Mennonite Church on King and Stirling, all
    the way to this gristmill. It was an incredible important
    moment in our history to be able to look back. It was almost like
    being in a time machine. It was magical, and it was a gift that we got from looking forward, we suddenly got this glimpse of the past. And I remember, they took the
    logs from the Corduroy Road. They left it out so people
    could see it in its place, and they took the logs,
    and they cut them up into 100 pieces, and they gave them away. [Male] My ancestors probably walked on it. With a name like Martin it’s
    pretty easy to guess that. So I’m interested in just having a piece, and we often have people
    visit us from other countries, and from other parts of our country. So I’m interested in having it just for kind of a conversation piece. [Ian] What time did you get here? [Male] 11:30, last night. Came here after work, (chuckling) yeah. [Male] Anybody watching on Facebook Live can see. That that’s our– is that our piece of wood? [Female] That’s your piece. [Male] Okay! You’re gonna put that in the trunk? [Female] I’m gonna put it in your trunk. (cross-talking) [Child] Get that wood, yeah. [Female] Thank you so much. (people speaking faintly) (sound of trunk closing) (sound of large vehicle backing up) [Female] Thank you so much. [Male] No problem. [Luisa] The facility that was giving them out opened at 7:00 a.m.,
    by 7:30, everything was gone. Everything was given away, but that’s how hungry people are to know where they’ve come from. It was an amazing, magical moment. The fact that everybody was so enamored of that Corduroy Road shows how important those old artifacts are to us, and yet it’s changing so fast
    that we can’t keep track. [Ian Pattenden] No one could deny that
    there’s now a brewery here on the corner of Charles and Victoria. It’s a great image for, you
    know, repurposing the building, bringin’ it back to its industrial roots, and we’ve also been able to create a whole new experience here at
    the Tannery with the ION. [Tony] I’m constantly amazed that
    there’s a lot of people still who don’t travel to Waterloo
    if they live in Kitchener. People are habitual. So, you know, the LRT is gonna
    pass in front of both places. That’s an obvious, direct,
    very physical link, and I think for once, we get
    to sorta feel like a real city. [Ian] You’re gonna have people come in across from different parts of the city that you would never encounter on your daily basis, but here at the Tannery, where we put these
    beautiful, long tables here, you’re gonna sit beside them one day, and you’re gonna experience your neighbour in a totally different way. We are here in downtown Kitchener, and we’re here to meet, you know, the changing lifestyle,
    people who we met downtown, and celebrating their lives
    together as a community, and you know, walking
    more, and getting out more, socializing more, getting
    the finer things in life, it’s all really exciting, you know. (upbeat inspirational music) [Luisa] After two years of being
    closed, a section of King Street, from Wellington to Victoria, was opened, and it was just completely changed. It was like, it was this new futuristic landscape that was different from what you knew. So King Street at the train tracks near Victoria use to cross the tracks, and they use to be level with each other. Now, all of a sudden, the tracks are high, and King Street is way lower, and it’s going underneath this overpass. And this little shopping, strip mall beside it suddenly is now up on a hill, where it use to be level with the road, and a condo building was going up, and I talked to one of the construction workers. I worked around there before
    it was even open to traffic, and I said to him, I don’t
    remember what use to be here. Do you remember? And he looked, and he said, “You know, I went to school every day. I passed this place every
    day, and I don’t remember”, which shows how quickly
    our memories diminish of the landscape we had. (wind whipping) [Renie] If you just look at
    the wear on the stairs, and you can see those feet going up, and it’s everything from
    old boots to new boots, and you know, people that are long gone. (instrumental music) [Renie] It was really a family business, and that feeling is still alive. You know, a lot of times, a factory is closed, and they people are gone. They move on. Whereas, you keep running into people who are talking about things. They still get together
    and have Christmas parties, and you know, they all came
    back, at Doors Open, and they’re sittin’ there hootin’ away, looking at the video of themselves when they were considerably
    younger, running machines, and you know, playing
    tricks on each other, and walkin’ around covered in wool felt, you know, that was just
    hangin’ from them like sheep. It was an atmosphere where when
    they closed this place down, they made sure everybody had training, and tried to get jobs for the next people going, and the last pink slip was your own. [David] That’s right, I was the last one here. Not too many operations run
    four generations, like we did, and we had our kids in here
    as well, which was fifth. You see that it is time to move along, and unfortunately, it fell in my lap. I did not like to have
    to close the business, but I realized that its time had come, and we could not justify running anymore, and it worked out that this
    was the way it was going to be. This was part of the heritage of the area. We had, you know, shoemaking. We had button manufacturing,
    clock manufacturing. We all should be proud of this, and we were proud that we
    were in the felt business. [Luisa] I came to work for the Record in 1984. People in Kitchener were talking about how awful the downtown was, how nothing that happened could build it up, or help it recover from
    the growth of the suburban shopping malls around it. Over time, the downtown was a constant concern. As soon as I got to Kitchener in the mid 1980s, the Burns Meat packing plant closed. It was a few decades after
    that that we lost Schneider’s, but it was an ongoing thing the whole time. The Budd plant is gone. Automobile factories have gone. BF Goodrich Tire, that huge factory on Strange Street, was gone. The tire factory in back
    of Fairway Road was gone. They just kept disappearing, and you knew that something
    would have to replace it, or we’d be just hollowed out in our economy. [Mike} With some really intentional regional policies, and planning policies that were
    encouraging intensification, in the early 2000s, we started to see a shift. All the cities,
    Kitchener, Waterloo, and Cambridge, were focused on, how do we
    revitalize our downtowns? How do we encourage people
    to live and work there? [Luisa] Mayor Carl Zehr,
    he brought in an investment fund that invested in the cleaning up the Tannery, which is now, of course,
    the home of Communitech, and all of those startups, and all of those high tech companies. That started the foundation
    for the tech center that downtown Kitchener has, and this was before any
    construction started for the ION. [Ken] Over the last five to six years, we’ve seen major changes downtown, and some of that’s been premised on the fact that there will be better transit, and bringing jobs into the core. We’re bringing jobs into the core. We’re actually bringing people
    back to live in the core, and I think those are jobs, and residents, are critical to making downtowns successful, and think the evidence is beginning to show itself. [Luisa] I sense that people do see that there’s been billions of dollars invested in growth around the ION corridor. Well you’ve got all the
    tech workers coming in, and that’s not totally related to ION, but it’s not totally separate from it. It’s kind of a symbiotic change. You’ve got all kinds of things happening, and you see that this is
    part of something bigger that is gonna benefit everybody. [Mike] We were on probably a similar path to most mid-size communities
    in Ontario and in Canada. I think if we hadn’t done something, you know, dramatically different, we might’ve, you know, shifted that a little bit, but I don’t think we would’ve shifted it as much as we have. [Thomas] The future changes as well. Getting the trains, and carrying passengers, I think will drive even more
    changes in this community. (upbeat instrumental music) [Rob] I’ve lived here my entire life. You didn’t come down here at night sometimes. You’re gonna see, after 5:00 p.m. on a Friday night, today, that people are staying till 1:00 a.m. And people have said, that just walking by, they’ve never seen the parking
    lot busy after 6:00 p.m. I think Waterloo Region is
    some– has the best fertile soil for entrepreneurship. People come and try things here, start-ups, you know, incubators, Communitech, Google, ’cause the soil’s so fertile. It allows you to be experimental, right? And that’s Waterloo Region. But the theme, I guess, going
    around the tech community is, if you don’t have a head office in Kitchener-Waterloo right now, and you’re in Toronto,
    Ottawa, or Silicon Valley, get an office. [Mallorie Brodie] Bridgit is a construction
    software company, and Lauren and I started the company when we were in our final
    year of University at Western. And it was really through going
    from job site to job site, and just asking questions around what was frustrating on site, that gave us the idea to build an app for the construction industry. [Lauren Lake] Bridgit has been around
    for about four years now, and we’ve seen a lot of growth,
    and we’ve grown the team from just the two of
    us to about 35 people. [Mallorie] To kind of see all of
    that actually come to life has just been, you know, pretty surreal, and I know sometimes we look back, and we’re like, wait, what? Like from that first time
    we walked on a job site, and we heard about this one problem, we actually now have an
    entire team around us, and investors, and customers, all in support of what we’re trying to do, it’s pretty exciting to see that actually happen. Lauren’s from Stratford, and I’m from Ottawa, and we graduated from Western, so we’d been living in London, moved here with this company we had started. It was just, you know, the
    two of us still at that point, and we didn’t really know where to go, and it was another
    entrepreneur that we know that had suggested that
    we go to Communitech, so we literally just showed up. [Lauren] They really took us in, and helped us get our feet on the ground, and then helped us, you know, really kinda figure out the ecosystem, find office space, and do all of that. The history of the building’s
    really interesting. I think it’s the same thing we’re seeing with a lot of the, you
    know, old factory buildings here in town, where,
    you know, tech companies are starting to take over
    those old buildings, you know, totally refurbish them,
    and it’s created this really interesting kind
    of downtown environment. [Mallorie] I know when we started to
    look for an office space, we really wanted something
    with a lot of character, and that’s why one of the
    older buildings in town made a lot of sense for us. [Lauren] And there’s all of these
    buildings here downtown that were previously abandoned,
    and hadn’t really been used in the past while, and so
    as more, and more companies started to move in, you know, it’s kinda natural to look for those old spaces that, you know, you can kind of make new again. [David] Well, I think my ancestor
    would be very pleased that the property would see a new use as part of a transit center, because in the 1914 plan that he was involved in with
    a planner from New York City, Leavitt, the whole area was going to be
    designated as a transit center. So, guess what? This is the future. [Renie] (chuckles) This is the future. [David] This area is going to be a continuation of using the railroad and transportation. It’s quite a change, and
    yet, it is not a change. [Renie] George would be happy. You carried on the baton. [David] Yes. (chuckling) [Ken] There’s certainly been a lot of change in the Region over the years, but I think one of the
    characteristics that’s consistent, is we’ve managed to preserve a
    lot of our rural countryside, a lot of the farming
    operations are out there, so that all the cities have
    expanded within their envelopes. They’re all centrally
    located, by and large, and so we still have a very good balance between rural and urban settings, and so the urban settings have expanded, and grown exponentially
    in some ways, but yet, we still maintain a strong,
    vibrant farming community and rural community. (instrumental music) [Laura Baer] This plot is rented to this incredible man, Dave Chappelle. He built me a compost this year, which I’m super excited about, and then I have a plot in the middle. Yeah, but it’s way too much
    for me to do by myself, and lots of people from the city want to have places to grow food, so
    why not share the space, because it’s good soil. It’s really incredible soil. (chickens squawking) (Tony) I’ll take this one. (laughing) Here we are at Vibrant Farms in Baden. We’re checking out some of the grounds here, more importantly, some of the chickens that we raise for one of our menu items. During Abe Erb’s time,
    everything was consumed locally, grown locally, manufactured locally, and so we’re just tryin’ to embody that philosophy in the restaurant, trying to give just to the name. It’s great to come out to the farm, and see this whole process, and
    hear how everything is done, and how even the feed for the chicken is coming from like across the road. It’s all organic, and all
    natural, and very sustainable. We like to think that Abraham Erb built this town with his bare hands, and I mean, he kinda did in a way, right? What people appreciated in
    those days was their hard work, and maybe he did enjoy a nice pint of beer after his hard day of work. An honest pint is always
    a way to appreciate a day. He’s the founder of the
    principles that we believe in, and the integrity, the solidarity, the craftsmanship that we
    believe in today as well. [Tom] You know, there’s a long
    history here in Waterloo Region of industry, and of reinventing yourself. It starts with the Mennonite history, and doing things proactively. And so we’ve been ahead of
    the curve on a lot of things. So as the manufacturing
    industries were phasing out, then when we were able, fortunately, to bring in the knowledge industry, the IT, and the high tech industries. [Ken] So it’s a community that’s
    always reinvented itself. Economically, as society
    changed, and jobs changed, and technologies changed,
    that the business people here had an ability to transform themselves, and reinvent themselves. So the building of the ION is totally consistent with our past history, is that we do things we need to do to keep moving out in the future, and make the good investments,
    and people move with them. They may argue at the times. There was great controversy
    over building the expressway. There was controversy
    over building the ION, but I think all of these things are moving the community ahead. [Tom] So when you build these things, they’re not always fully appreciated at the time that they’re conceived, at the time that they’re built, and the time that they begin operation. It sometimes takes a few
    years, five years, 10 years, for people to say, now I
    understand why it was built. You could open this a year
    later, two years later, five years later, but
    as some point in time, you’ve got to do something like this if you want to control the
    way your city is gonna grow. [Thomas] It’s going to impact
    where people choose to work, where people choose to live. Recreational opportunities, whether it’s being able
    to access facilities you might not have gone to before, or being able to make use of theatre or restaurants, and all of those types of activities. I think people are going
    to see new ways to use ION, to let them do more and better, with all those types of activities. (upbeat inspirational music) [Kate] One of the things I’m really glad about, the conversations we’ve had
    about LRT over the years, which I think it’s helped a lot of folks to start to think longer term
    about where we’re headed, and not just in sort of a way where it’s happens to the community, but really the community saying, where do we want to go together, and how are we going to invest in that, and work towards it? [Mike] We’re not building it for today, we’re not building it for ourselves, we’re building this for our
    kids, and our grandkids. And I think that’s helped
    keep everybody focused on why we’re doing this. When you think about, what were we up to? We’re building a community. [Kate] And I went back and looked at my notes from my first presentation to
    Regional Council on the LRT, and realized that I was talking about what kind of a community I wanted my child to live in in the future. And now nine years later, that I’m actually about to have one, it’s really nice to see, not only our community’s
    future coming together, but also our own family’s future, and that that’s all happening together is really exciting for me. [Ken] Well I always said that, I was always in politics for my children and my grandchildren. This is part of what we need to leave our kids, is a community that we’re all proud to live in, that preserves things that are important to us, and which leaves us economically
    sound at the same time. [Karen Redman, Region of Waterloo Chair]
    Waterloo Region isn’t passively waiting for our future to happen. We’re taking charge of it in a conscience, concerted, deliberate way. [Narrator] The results were tangible. You could reach out and touch them. They took the form of offices, shops, restaurants, and homes. All springing up along the route, and breathing new life into it. [News report] Tonight we’re talking about the LRT. [News report] The Region of Waterloo
    has put a plan into place that will see growth upward, instead of outward, to accommodate the growing population. [Narrator] All tallied in the eight years since Regional Council
    made that hard decision, and approved light rail. ION has helped move $3
    billion of development out of the ground, with more to come. When ION got that green light, such an impact, such a transformation could not have been imagined. Now, ION is helping shape
    Waterloo Region, and our future. As we waited patiently,
    and not so patiently, for light rail to connect
    neighbors and communities. (crowd cheering) [Narrator] It’s already soaked into our landscape. This train, this route, that will shape us, and move us together through life. (instrumental music) (trumpets tooting) (train bell) (trumpets tooting) (crowd cheering) (trumpets tooting)