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    How to Track a Predator!
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    How to Track a Predator!

    November 30, 2019

    – [Coyote] Any body of
    water is going to be the best place to find animal tracks. (mellow melodic music) – [Mario] What are these? I don’t know what tracks these are. – Hold on a second, here we
    go, I think I got something. Yes! – I don’t know what this is, these tracks are really intriguing. They look like dinosaur tracks, but of course, that’s not possible, at least I don’t think it’s possible. (dynamic jungle music) (birds twittering) – What’s going on, Coyote Pack? It is a beautiful autumn
    day here in Columbus, Ohio and we are at one of my favorite
    metro parks, Prairie Oaks. Mario, do you remember the
    last time we were here? – [Mario] I definitely do and I was wearing a lot more
    layers, ’cause it was freezing. I definitely appreciate
    this temperature today. – We made a video called “Winter
    Wilderness,” a buddy film, so I figured why not
    make a buddy film sequel, where we head back out
    into the environment to look for mammals. But what’s unique about today is we’re debuting the Brave Wilderness North American Mammals Adventure Kit. – Alright, what’s in it? – Of course, you wanna know
    what’s inside the box, right? So my favorite mammal is the wolverine and I always wanted a
    wolverine figurine as a kid, so there you have it.
    – Nice. – [Coyote] Absolutely love this guy. – Oh, man! – Beautiful, right?
    – That is really accurate. – Absolutely, now give me back that toy. So what else is cool about this kit is it has an Animal Track Plaster Kit. – Wow, I’ve actually
    never used one of these. – You’ve never done this before? – No, I have not, so
    that’s a legit plaster kit. – It is.
    – Wow! – So what I was thinking we would today is head back out into the environment and see who can find the
    coolest mammal tracks and then make plaster casts of them. Now we should rank these tracks
    on three different levels. – Okay. – I think uniqueness of species found, the quality of the actual print as it lies naturally
    within the environment and then last, but not least, the quality of the cast you pull. – [Mario] Okay, sounds good,
    is there a prize at the end? – How about the winner gets to
    take home the toy wolverine. – Nice.
    – Not yet, though, first you’ve got to find those tracks. Let’s give ourselves 30 minutes, you think we can find
    tracks and pour that cast within 30 minutes?
    – I think so, I think I’m a good tracker.
    – Okay, cool. You have a GoPro, I’ll have a GoPro, let’s split up and may the
    best animal tracker win. – Searching for tracks is something that requires your full attention. – In most instances I consider
    animal tracking an art form, it can be very difficult to
    find mammals in the wild. What I’m on right here
    is actually a game trail, so I followed this a ways
    and it heads downhill and it looks like toward a river. Now any body of water is
    going to be the best place to find animal tracks,
    where the ground is softer, that’s where the animals are
    gonna leave their impression. – [Mario] So this is not necessarily going to get some prints that well, it’s a little too dry,
    too hard of a surface. – Ah, look at this, my first tracks, those are deer tracks right
    there, definitely the hoof from likely a pretty good
    sized white-tailed deer, now you may look at a track like this and say okay, is this the
    perfect spot to start your cast? Not really, a lot of this
    substrate is very sandy, full of tiny little pebbles, so getting a good impression of that track is not gonna be possible. – Not sure how Coyote is doing, but I’ve got around 15 minutes left, before we have to meet back, so I’ve got to really step it up here. I’ll go in that direction. – Now this kind of substrate
    is absolutely perfect, look at this, these deer tracks here are in good, firm clay. Now these would be the
    perfect tracks for me to cast, except a white-tailed deer is about the most common
    animal in this area and I don’t think I’m
    gonna win the contest by casting tracks of deer. (mellow melodic music) – [Mario] What are these? Look at these tracks. – So I moved further inland from the river hoping that eventually I will find a different body of water,
    maybe a swamp, maybe a pond. Everything’s just so dry right now. This is looking promising up
    here though, look at this. Yes, yes! This is my first and most definitive sign, this right there is coyote poop (quirky melodic music) and from the smell of it, it’s fresh. Now you may be saying to yourself, Coyote, how can you look at animal scat and determine that it’s from a coyote? Well, there are no large canine
    in this area like wolves, this is too big to be a fox and there are a bunch of little hairs and berries also in it. As to which direction this
    coyote traveled, I’m not sure, but with the river just ahead of us here, I think I’ll go back
    down to the embankment and see if it went there for a drink. Okay, coyote poop, we are
    hot and on the stinky track. – This is definitely not a mammal, I don’t know what tracks these are. Huh! (quirky melodic music) They look very birdlike, I’m not sure what species this is. There’s one, two, three, four, then it kind of disappears
    here in the long grass, which of course would make sense, if you’re an animal, you’re
    gonna hide in this vegetation. – Okay, we’ve got a down slope over here, ooh, and it looks like a muddy embankment, okay, let’s check this out. This is the best mud I’ve seen all day. Look at this, there’s more mud than there is sand and rocks. (melodic haunting music) No tracks yet though. – Well, I don’t know what this is, these tracks are really intriguing, they look like dinosaur tracks, but of course that’s not possible, at least I don’t think it’s possible. – Hold on a second, here we
    go, I think I’ve got something. Yes, yes, yes, yes! We’ve got coyote tracks, wow! Okay, that’s a coyote track,
    that’s a coyote track, that right there is a
    great coyote track, yes! Okay, I’ve found some
    tracks in pretty solid mud and with only about
    three minutes to spare, which means I need to
    quickly set up my plaster kit and pour that plaster to pull a track, not exactly the rarest
    animal in this area, but at this point, I’ll
    take anything I can get. Now before I cast my track,
    actually something that I’ll do is just use a small
    piece of wood like this, which is an old tree branch,
    it’s very flat, very smooth to actually flatten out
    the earth around the track to make as perfect of a cast as I can. I don’t know if Mario is
    aware of this prep work. – Alright, so here is the kit, (light melodic music) most important is the instructions. – Mixing ratio, two fluid ounces of water for every half cup of plaster mix. So in the kit is a little
    mixing dish just like this and a track ring, now you wanna place this
    ring around the track, so you can pour the
    plaster on to the inside. – Now the next step is to
    actually mix the plaster. (quirky melodic music) Knife with ya? Coyote’s got my knife. – [Coyote] And now I am
    going to slowly start pouring that into my mixing container. I’m gonna only put about a
    quarter of the bag in to start. – Gonna put about, I’m just
    gonna put all of it actually. Now next step is to add some water, I’m not sure how to measure
    out two fluid ounces, ’cause we don’t have a measuring device, I’m just gonna eyeball it. – [Coyote] You don’t want
    the plaster to be too thin and you don’t want it to be too thick. Now we also provide you
    with a stirring stick and you want this to have the
    consistency of thick glue, so right now it is way,
    way, way too watery, so what I’m gonna do is start
    to add more plaster powder. – [Mario] This needs more water. – [Coyote] Oh, this is cool! Alright, now we’re getting somewhere. – This is getting messy, really messy. – [Coyote] This will start
    to set within just minutes, so you want to move quickly once you start your mixing process. – Alright, next step is to pour it in. – [Coyote] This is that magic moment and you only get one shot at it, so make sure the plaster
    is the perfect consistency. – [Mario] Ooh! – I always like to start
    in the front paw pads. Okay, now the track is completely covered, but to make sure that
    it’s all down and in, you don’t have any air pockets, I like to use my stir stick
    to just work the plaster round a little bit and into the track. – Okay, a little bit
    more water in here, oh! That’s too much water. It’s a lot harder than it looks, guys, it’s my first time doing this. – [Coyote] You wanna pace it out as you’re adding more plaster, you don’t wanna dump it
    all on in one fell swoop, otherwise it won’t dry properly. Take your time, be
    patient and with any luck you’ll have a perfect animal print cast. – Alright, well, there you
    have it, that’s my attempt at making a plaster
    mold of an animal track. – [Coyote] Okay, my
    track is completely cast, so at this point, we just need
    to wait for about two hours, we’ll come back and check ’em
    and then identify the species. – [Mario] Okay, sounds good. – Okay, let’s go get some lunch. (quirky melodic music) Okay, it has been about two and a half hours, since we set our plaster. – Yeah. – And at this point, it should be dry. – I’m a little nervous.
    – Why? – Because I don’t know
    if mine set properly, I don’t know if I followed
    the right directions. – Well, in all fairness,
    – I don’t know. – it is your first time and that’s what’s cool
    about this experience and for a lot of people
    out there watching, it will be their first time
    at doing a cast of a track, but with any luck, they’ll be fantastic, so let’s head back down this
    way into the wilderness, find our tracks and see if they set. – [Mario] Alright. (cheerful melodic music) – Check this out, what
    do you think those are? – Wow! I have no idea. I mean, my initial
    instinct would be a turkey, but the toes aren’t long enough. – No.
    – I mean, I don’t know, I’m gonna say you’re
    pulling a fast one on me, but let’s check your plaster and see how that is going to take. – Okay, so– – Now just almost like a
    sandcastle, flip that over, let’s see what we have underneath. – Oh!
    – Wow, okay. I’m gonna give you some credit
    here, it’s looking good. Pour a little bit of water on there. Wow, that is cool!
    – Dude! It looks like a dinosaur print. – That looks exactly like
    a dinosaur footprint! Are you kidding me? That is a great cast right there, so you see what happened
    though is there’s a lot of sand now permanently worked into your cast, you’re never gonna get
    all of that out of there. So let’s take this down to the river, – Okay.
    – rinse it off the rest of the way and then
    we’ll go check my track. – [Mario] Alright. – Let’s see here. Okay, so my ring,
    – Oh, will come off. – will completely come off, because I didn’t put the plaster
    all the way to the edges. Now here’s the tricky part, because that ground is so wet, – [Mario] Oh, that’s pretty solid. – I don’t want the cast to
    break as I’m bringing it up, so I’m gonna use this stick
    to dig out around the track and pry it up, there we go, just like that and the entire structure of
    the earth comes up with it. Now inside there should
    be a perfect coyote track. Oh, it’s looking good,
    this is gonna be great. Let’s get these outer edges peeled away. Now the next thing I wanna do
    is rinse it off in the river and see just how perfect it looks. Now when it comes to
    washing out your cast, one thing you can use is
    just an old toothbrush to gently finesse out any of
    the remaining mud and dirt. Okay and there it is, a
    perfectly cast coyote track, you can see the toe pads, the heel pad and even some claw marks. Now this was your first time out there casting animal tracks in the wild, what did you think,
    how difficult was this? – Well, I wasn’t that confident initially, because of the mess I made, but after, the way my cast actually
    turned out, it’s super easy, if I can do it, you can
    definitely do it as well. – Now remember, guys, the
    Brave Wilderness Adventure Kit, North American Mammals
    Edition is available right now and when it comes to who
    won the wolverine figurine, I think it’s a tough call, I honestly thought that I was gonna win just because I knew what I was doing, but your track with its uniqueness and that’s a really good
    cast for a first timer. – Thank you.
    – It’s tough to tell, so what I say we do is leave
    it up to the Coyote Pack. – Okay.
    – Who’s gonna win, guys, is it Coyote with the coyote track or Mario with the mystery animal track, write in the comments section below and tell us who’s gonna
    win the wolverine figurine. I’m Coyote Peterson.
    – I’m Mario Aldecoa. – Be brave.
    – Stay wild, – We’ll see you on the next adventure. – Alright.
    – Awesome, let’s hike back. (mellow melodic music) If you’re looking for a great place to go out and see animals, or signs of them in the
    natural environment, the parks in your area are a sure bet. Winter is coming, so
    make sure to get outside and enjoy the last warm days of the year. If you can’t find any
    animal tracks naturally, like Mario, using one of your
    favorite toys to create them is a totally acceptable solution. Hey, Coyote Pack, if you enjoyed our adventure
    into the autumn wilderness, make sure to go back and
    watch our original buddy film, “Winter Wilderness,” a classic, where Mario and I found a
    feather and a deer antler. Yep, it’s a real thriller
    and don’t forget, subscribe and click the Notification bell, so you can join me and the crew
    on our next wild adventure. – Yep, look at that!
    – Oh yeah, wow, look at that! 100%, oh wow! That is definitely a little
    mouse tunnel, isn’t it? – Nice, so basically the
    rodents are underneath the snow, they’ve got these little
    highways that they create to stay warm and stay hidden
    from predators, pretty cool. (light jungle music)



    August 13, 2019

    – [Coyote] You ready? – [Cameraman] Oh,
    spider, huge spider! Right there right there,
    Oh, whoa. right there, right there.
    Is that a tarantula? – [Coyote] No no no no no. I think that’s a
    funnel web spider. – Okay, a bite from this
    is potentially lethal. I’m just gonna set that down
    and see if I can coax it. It’s in, it’s in
    there, it’s in there. (highly energetic music) Australia’s arguably the most dangerous continent
    in the world. I’m sure that as your
    imagination begins to run wild, you are likely
    thinking about being snatched from a river’s
    edge and eaten alive by a giant Saltwater Crocodile. Or perhaps you are envisioning
    how terrifying it would be if you were to stumble
    upon and be bitten by one of it’s incredibly
    venomous snakes, like the Eastern Brown. However, it’s not
    only the reptiles that you need to be weary off. Tonight we are exploring
    just outside of Sydney, the most densely populated
    city in Australia, which also happens to be home to the world’s deadliest spider,
    the Sydney Funnel Web. Armed with a set
    of massive fangs, and an incredibly toxic
    venom, just a single bite from this spider has the
    ability to kill a human. Sounds terrifying, yet these
    spiders are rather illusive and tend to avoid
    humans at all cost. In fact, they can be
    rather difficult to find, as building their silk
    lined, funnel shaped burrows under rocks or in rotting logs keeps them hidden
    and out of sight. Ooh, covered in ants,
    watch out for that. Let’s go on the back
    side of this tree. There’s some logs
    to flip over here. So, unless you’re like me
    and are flipping over debris in the environment, your
    odds of encountering one are pretty unlikely. You ready? Lift this up. Oh, spider, huge spider. Right there, right there,
    Oh, Whoa. right there, right there.
    Is that a tarantula? No, no, no, no, no, I think
    that’s a Funnel Web Spider. Right there, just came out
    from underneath that log. Look at it’s
    abdomen, right there. Holy cow, that’s definitely
    a Funnel Web Spider. Hold on, I need to get
    it in this container. Oh my gosh, did you see? It’s a good thing I picked up
    the log from the other side. It was just burrowed
    right underneath there. – [Cameraman] That’s a
    tiny container, dude. That looks too big
    to be a Funnel Web. – [Coyote] No, no,
    no, it definitely is. Look at the front of it’s body. – [Cameraman] Oh yeah. – [Coyote] Wow, that
    spider’s so big, I don’t think it’s going
    to fit in this container. Mario, you have that bigger jar? – [Mario] Yeah, I think might
    have one in my backpack. Hang on. – [Coyote] Let me see
    if I can peel back some of these grasses.
    It looks like a tarantula but, Ooh, it’s moving, hurry up. – [Mario] I understand, here. – [Coyote] Okay, bite from
    this is potentially lethal. I’m just going to set that
    down and see if I can coax it. I’m going to try to coax it
    right into the container. Now they cannot jump but
    they will lunge forward. Oh, it’s in, it’s
    in there, it’s in. There we go. Wow, look at that.
    Oh yeah. That is 100 percent
    a Funnel Web Spider. – [Cameraman] That is a big one. – Wow, we can not
    miss getting this up close for the cameras. Okay, let me grab my bag and
    let’s head up to those rocks. Wow, that is without
    question a Funnel Web Spider. The question that remains
    is what species is it? I want to find a
    good, flat open rock. – [Cameraman] How about
    that one right there? – This? Yeah.
    Yeah, that looks pretty. – [Cameraman] Or that
    one. Is that better? – Yeah, that’s a
    little bit better. Let’s see if it will just
    sit on top of the rocks if it’s just like this. – [Cameraman] Yeah, I
    like this, this is good. – Wow. – [Cameraman] Let’s have a look. – That is intimidating. It does, it looks
    like a tarantula. I know you said,
    “Is it a tarantula? “You sure it’s a
    Funnel Web Spider?” 100 percent certain it’s
    a Funnel Web Spider. One of the ways that you can
    identify this species as such is they have a very
    bald cephalothorax. Now, they do have hairs on
    their legs, and on the abdomen, but that is how you can
    recognize a Funnel Web Spider, and that’s the perfect
    sort of place to find them. Underneath logs
    where they can wait and ambush for their prey. Now, they will also,
    obviously, be inside of burrows with those little funnel web
    systems, and whoa, am I glad that I picked up the log
    from the end that I did. Now, my fingers didn’t
    tuck underneath the log. I was on the top side
    and that’s why you always pick up a log from an
    area that you can see, because if you tuck
    your fingers underneath, you grapple onto that
    spider, and you take a bite, you are on your way to the
    hospital, without question. Okay, now, I know it’s probably
    kind of tough to see it inside of this container, so
    let me see if I can take it out and place it on the rock here, and let’s get some
    shots with you. Are you ready for that? – [Cameraman] Okay,
    let me help the guys break out the light real quick. – Okay,
    It’s getting dark. We’re losing light here. (dramatic music) Alright guys, we have
    the lights set up now, and in the lights, the
    spider is even more intimidating looking. You can see the sheen on the
    legs and the cephalothorax. Ah, it’s already cast
    a little bit of webbing inside the container
    there, and uh, I think if you guys are ready, let’s take it out
    of the container and see if it will just hold
    it’s ground here on the rock. Now, this is an extremely
    aggressive spider species, and often times, they won’t run, but what they will do is rear up and show you those fangs,
    and those front legs. Okay.
    We have to be very cautious. Yeah, I’m just going to
    gently tilt this down like this, and let’s
    see if it will crawl out and just stop right
    there, here we go. Okay, see if I can
    get it to stay still. Ooh, you stay, you
    stay, you stay. Actually, maybe I’ll do this. It seems to be more comfortable
    inside the container. – [Cameraman] Yeah,
    that works for me. How about you, Mario?
    Okay. This is such a dangerous spider. I mean, even more so
    than a wandering spider. – [Cameramen] Ohh.
    Okay. Look at those hooked legs,
    allowing it to hold on to the edge of the container. Let me see if I do
    this, maybe if I put the container over
    top of it, and give it just a second to
    stay right there. Now, one reason that
    the bite it so bad is that because when they
    bite, their fangs are so long, they actually will
    hook into you, hold on, and continue
    to pump venom. And it’s not like a Black
    Widow or a Red Back Spider where they might give
    you a warning bite. A bite from this spider
    species is full on, as much venom as I can inject. Okay, let’s try this. Everybody got a decent
    shot on the spider? There you have it, wow,
    and just for scale. Look at how big that
    spider is next to my hand. Not taking my eyes
    off of the arachnid. That is definitely as close
    as I feel like I can get. Alright Mark, let’s try this, I’m going to try to present it from just it’s still
    position, right there, and like all spider species,
    you see those very defined eight legs, but they also have
    very long pedipalps upfront and that helps them to
    grapple on to their prey, and when they rear up,
    they show those fangs, and their fangs are
    incredibly long. Longer, in some
    cases, than even some of the snake species
    here in Australia. Now, one of the reasons that
    this spider is considered so dangerous, is because
    they can often times be found in residential areas. The Sydney Funnel Web
    specifically is often times found right in
    people’s backyards. That’s why they tell
    you if you’re out there working in the garden, make
    sure you have on gloves. You can be tilling up
    dirt, accidentally grab one of these things, it bites
    you on the tip of the finger, and you may be seeing symptoms
    in as few as 15 minutes. Now, the immediate bite, you’re
    definitely going to notice. The fangs are long
    enough to draw blood, but immediately you’ll feel
    throbbing in your finger, and shortly after,
    you’ll start to feel a tingling in your
    mouth and lips. Now, if you’re bitten
    by one of these spiders, you want to apply compression
    to the entire arm. So, let’s say you’re bitten
    on the top of your finger, put compression straps up
    the length of your arm. That will help slow the movement of the venom into your body. Wow, that is impressive. Now, there are around
    40 recognized species of Funnel Web Spider, with
    one of the most dangerous being the Sydney Funnel
    Web, and I can’t identify exactly if this is
    a Sydney or not, but what we do want to do
    is actually take this spider back with us into civilization. Where we want to go is the
    Australian Reptile Park. They are, oh, it’s moving. The Australian Reptile
    Park is the one place in Australia where they
    actually extract venom from these spiders
    and then in turn build an antivenom for
    people that are bitten. So, this spider that
    we found right here, might actually be used
    to save some lives. How cool is that?
    Awesome. I think the best thing to
    do now is put a cap on this, place it in my pack,
    and call it a night. I’m Coyote Peterson,
    be brave, stay wild. We’ll see you on
    the next adventure. Alright, we are
    taking this spider to the Australian Reptile Park. Wow, what a find! Australia’s home to a collection
    of dangerous arachnids, from the Red Back,
    to the Huntsmen, and ultimately the Funnel Web. This beautiful continent is
    crawling with venomous spiders. Catching a Funnel Web
    Spider is something I had always hoped to do, and
    now with one in my possession, it was time that the crew and I headed to the
    Australian Reptile Park. Famous for being the only
    sanctuary of it’s type in Australia, they’re
    renowned for their spider and snake venom milking program. Will our spider’s venom be
    used to save human lives? Stay tuned for the
    fascinating conclusion as I get dangerously close
    to this creepy arachnid. And don’t forget, subscribe so
    you can join me and the crew on this season of
    Breaking Trail. Things are about
    to get dangerous. (animal noises)