Browsing Tag: and

    Twin Baby Boys Found Alone By Worcester Railroad Tracks, Police Investigating
    Articles, Blog

    Twin Baby Boys Found Alone By Worcester Railroad Tracks, Police Investigating

    August 20, 2019


    STUDIOS IN BOSTON, THIS IS WBZ NEWS AT 5:00. WE BEGIN AT 5:00 WITH A SHOCKING DISCOVERY IN WOOSTER TWO BABIES FOUND ALONE NEAR THESE RAILROAD TRACKS. POLICE SAY THE TWIN BOYS WERE NOT HURT. THANKS FOR JOINING US. NOW POLICE ARE TRYING TO FIGURE OUT HOW THOSE BABIES ENDED UP WHERE THEY DID. WBZ’S ANARIDIS RODRIGUEZ IS LIVE IN WOOSTER WITH THE LATEST. LIAM AND LISA, AS YOU MENTIONED, TWIN BABY BOYS ARE OKAY TONIGHT. WE’VE LEARNED THEY’RE UNDER THE CUSTODY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CHILDREN AND FAMILIES. POLICE TELLING US THAT A RAIL WORKERS FOUND THE PAIR NEAR THE TRACKS THAT YOU SEE BEHIND ME. JUST AROUND MIDNIGHT. BABIES WERE ABANDONED. THEY WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE HOSPITAL. A SHOCKING DISCOVERY IN WOOSTER AFTER POLICE SAY TWIN BABIES WERE FOUND OVER NIGHT. THEY WERE TRANFERED TO THE HOSPITAL. THEY’RE OKAY AT THE HOSPITAL RIGHT NOW. WOOSTER POLICE SAY RAILROAD WORKERS FOUND THE BABIES JUST AFTER MIDNIGHT AND CALLED POLICE. PARAMEDICS RESPONDED AND INVESTIGATORS SAY THE BABIES APPEARED UNHARMED. I GUESS HER DECISION WAS TO LEAVE THEM. WHEREVER SHE HAD THEM. OR PUT THEM. AND IT’S SAD BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, BABIES DON’T DESERVE THAT. THEY’RE BABIES. SHE LIVES NEAR THE TRACKS. THE GRANDMOTHER OF TEN LEARNED OF THE INCIDENT THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA. IT’S SAD BECAUSE, LIKE, THERE’S A CHURCH RIGHT THERE. SACRED HEART CHURCH ON CAMBRIDGE STREET. SHE COULD HAVE BROUGHT THE BABIES THERE. SHE PROBABLY COULD HAVE KNOCKED ON ANYBODY’S DOOR WHEREVER SHE WAS. AND I’M SURE SOMEBODY WOULD HELP. I KNOW I WOULD HAVE. POLICE TELL US THEY’VE IDENTIFIED THE CHILDREN AND THEY ALSO KNOW THE CAREGIVER. BUT THEY WOULDN’T COMMENT ANY FURTHER. BECAUSE THEY TELL US THIS IS OBVIOUSLY AN ACTIVE AND OPEN INVESTIGATION. COMING UP AT 6:00, YOU’LL HEAR FROM A MAN WHO SAYS HE WAS WITH THE MOM HOURS BEFORE SHE REPORTEDLY ABANDONED HER BABIES.

    Broken Crossing Gate at CSX Railroad Crossing
    Articles, Blog

    Broken Crossing Gate at CSX Railroad Crossing

    August 20, 2019


    Hello ladies and gentlemen, A CSX train just finished going through here and I saw that a car hit the crossing gate and that is the outcome. I’m over here at NW 17th ST and NW 127th AVE at the CSX crossing and yeah That guy was trying to beat the crossing that was what happened. Here is the Safetran systems signal base Safetran gate mechanism Safetran lights and the cracked gate let me give you, this is track view North. Track view South. And this is what that looks like from afar. Let me give you a Here you can see the relay case. Look on the other side. Yeah, the CSX train comes it’s actually a rock train that goes over there and takes rocks from North to South over there, this is track view South. And then Here we have a Safetran signal base. Safetran lights Safetran gate mechanism This crossing in intact, they haven’t hit it yet. and this is a what kind of cantilever is this? Fabricated Metals. So yeah guys That’s what we have here today. A cracked crossing gate. Okay guys Again this is NW 17th Ave Sorry NW 17th St and NW 127th AVE Miami, FL. Please Subscribe or Like! Thank you for viewing. Over and out.

    Gobi Desert: Mongolia Is The New Final Frontier (Trans Siberian Railway Stop)
    Articles, Blog

    Gobi Desert: Mongolia Is The New Final Frontier (Trans Siberian Railway Stop)

    August 20, 2019


    What’s the first thing you think of when
    someone mentions to gobi desert? Mountain-high sand dunes and maybe a few thirsty camels? But did you know that the gobi Asia’s
    largest desert, spanning a surface of over 1,000 square miles, is also home to
    the first dinosaur eggs to have ever been found? Or that this is one of the
    most sparsely populated areas in the entire world, with one square mile of
    land, housing fewer than three people? As our first stop on our trip through Mongolia
    we decided to join an 8-day group tour exploring the highlights of the Gobi.
    Just twelve people in two vans and about 5000 random goats ganging up on us
    around every corner. We finally made our way off the transsiberian railway and into the big nothing. Welcome to Mongolia. We just spent all of today and most of yesterday driving here, where we are now into the Gobi Desert I’m so looking forward to staying in this camp. In this ger camp! Just look at that sunset. A ger is like the typical Mongolian dwelling, it’s like a semi permanent dwelling. and I say semi permanent because no it’s not concrete it’s just a type of tent. A yurt, that they put up, to live in it for two or three months for a part of the year and then, because they’re nomads they move off somewhere else. You see these everywhere I mean you don’t see them very often, but like once every 10 to 15
    kilometers you see a couple of them. It’s really where they live in and they make
    these themselves and tonight we’re going to sleep in it. Come on inside! It’s gonna get dark! We made it into our ger! This sleeps 5 people of our group. There are 12 people in our group, but we can’t all fit into the same ger. Because it’s
    not that large. But I’m super happy that there were beds. I know the locals sleep on the floor, so I wasn’t really really sure. But we don’t have to sleep on this beautiful wooden looking vinyl that we have here. Because we have actual beds! They’re not super comfortable. They’re a bit hard, but I think they’ll do the trick! We have our sleeping bags so we can keep ourselves warm. I think these gers are pretty warm, because people sleep in them during winter time, when it’s minus 30 or minus 40 outside. This is the central piece of the ger. This is actually like a window that opens up. When it’s good weather, or not night time. Or for a stove or fire. Then they open this up and it’s not to covered. You’re not supposed to stand under it! For
    some reason it brings bad luck. There are a lot of things you can and cannot do in someone’s ger. Normally men sit on the left side and women on the other side. You need to move clockwise? Yeah you move clockwise as well. And of course, a girl is completely round. There are no corners in it, which is supposed to bring a better
    energy to the place. It only takes the locals, the people who live a nomadic lifestyle, 30 minutes to set up a ger! Just putting each of these up would take me 30 minutes. The current world record for setting it up is eight and a bit minutes! In the world nomad games! So we started the morning in a lovely way. After breakfast they uh… They slaughtered a goat and we could watch the whole thing. From when it was frolicking outside one of the gers, until now that they’re
    cutting it open. They sort of take out the heart and then the goats alive for like about another five minutes. I am very happy that I
    opted to have vegetarian meals only, on this trip. I think I’ll stick to that. At
    least for the next few days We’re heading off to hike to go to a canyon here. Good morning! After the goat, which was a
    little lovely moment in our day. After breakfast and the a goat which
    was a lovely moment, we are now hiking to the canyon over there. It’s all the way
    in the back, you cannot see it from here. It’s called flaming cliffs, which is supposed to be very beautiful and one of the highlights as well on the trip. Yes, because they’re
    bright red cliffs and it’s a canyon. You could call it a small Mongolian version of the grand canyon. The small grand canyon? The not so grand canyon? Yes, the not so grand Gobi canyon! We keep saying this but the landscape is amazing. Let me … This is a panoramic view. Can you believe this? There is nothing else besides us and a few tents. A few gers and over there we
    can maybe see… It’s like 500 meters, maybe a kilometer, we can see a ger camp over there like with ten gers and that’s it! That’s the only thing that we can see.
    It’s crazy! It will be about half an hour. That’s they told us. But Mongolians are not that good with time. We think they some kind of other definition of time. It’s
    all very relative. I don’t know maybe it’s like a small bump in the time-space continuum. Half an hour is usually not half an hour. No it’s not! Yesterday when we asked them how long it would take us to drive all the way from
    where we started yesterday morning and did we mentioned it’s windy? It’s a
    little bit windy! I’m hoping you can even hear us above the wind. But anyway…
    Yesterday we’re like how long will the drive take to get to the Gobi Desert, to
    the ger camp? About seven hours! I think we spend a good nine maybe more in the van. In the end we asked: ”How far is it?” ‘Thirty kilometers’ they said. Then we drove 30 kilometers and they we asked: ”How far is it?” Yeah maybe you know another thirty kilometres maybe two times thirty
    kilometres. It’s all in multiples of thirty. Time to head to the the flaming
    cliffs. you can see them over there in the distance. It looks like it’s not that far
    but I mean it’s very treacherous here. The landscapes are so vast, that you
    can think ‘Oh, I can already see it’, but you’ll be walking for quite some time before
    you actually get there. Wow! We have arrived at the flaming cliffs! This looks incredible! So bright red! Remember those dinosaur eggs we were
    talking about earlier? Well this is where they were first discovered. In the early
    1920’s, American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews, led an expedition here to the flaming cliffs in the South gobi. and found numerous dinosaur fossils, as
    well as the first ever discovery of Dino eggs. You won’t see these finds on
    display here, as they were whisked off on camel-back, to various museums. But, according to a paleontologist from Taiwan. whom we randomly met in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, to this day, remains a hot spot for Dino related discoveries. Being a landlocked
    nation, there were no large bodies of water here for much of history, allowing
    the fossils to remain buried and intact under layers of soil
    we’ll just take his word for I guess. It’s a really good view! The Mongolian
    version of the Grand Canyon okay it’s smaller it’s small it’s not as deep
    but it has the same bright red color it looks awesome and it doesn’t have the
    crowds that the Grand Canyon is because there’s virtually no one here. Exceptfor
    our group. You can’t even see those. They’re so small they’re ants? Yes they’re ants! We’re travelling in a group of ants! In a desert, you expect sand
    and sand dunes, but not like these really Red Cliffs really beautiful. If you look at them from a distance it really looks like they’re on fire and that’s probably
    how they got their names. Let’s get off them before they go on fire! Now, for the hunting portion of this video, we are on the tracks of some wild goats I think… Follow them back to the camp and
    we’ll find food oh. well we’ll definitely find good food at the camp because we
    offed a goat. I think it’s a goat or Or it could be just a baby wolf, looking for
    it’s mother and crying for its mother. They’ll be here soon I guess. Now we’re just the two of us groups already a bit further. I think we’re pretty safe. I can outrun you and I don’t need to outrun the wold. We made it back just in time
    it’s starting to rain and it’s lunch time serving lunch! let’s go! Hungry! Thank you!
    Usually the guys get their food first but since Naick wasn’t in the tent I had to
    take his food. I almost ate all of his french fries but decided to leave a few. According to Mongolian custom
    apparently men get their food first. On the first day they explain the basic you did everyone when they were handing out
    the place because they were like trying to find all of the men and skipping all
    of the women and they were like yes sorry, it’s a local thing it’s a custom thing The food is actually pretty good on this tour so. We just packed our bags everything we
    have in our bags now pack them all up leaving our nice ger behind. I’m gonna
    miss it! It smells a bit like camels. Goin outside and back in, it smells a bit strange but otherwise it’s pretty cool. Today we’re gonna drive 200 km,
    nothing like yesterday and then we arrived to the sand dunes! – that should be
    pretty good and spent two days there! That was it for today, for this video
    we’ll make a next video out of the beautiful sand dunes and really the
    deserts and the next video is going to be the highlights the highlights the
    trip to the gobi so be sure to check out the next one! If you liked the video
    give a like, comment, a thumbs up, subscribe if you want to follow the rest of the
    journey and we’ll see you in the next one! Bye bye!

    All aboard! California State Railroad Museum kicks off train season
    Articles, Blog

    All aboard! California State Railroad Museum kicks off train season

    August 20, 2019


    LETICIA: WITH TRAIN SEASON
    KICKING OFF, IT’S ALL ABOARD ON
    THIS LOCOMOTIVE.>>A LOT OF PEOPLE THINK OF THIS
    — RAILROAD MUSEUM AND THE THINK
    OF THE BRICK BUILDING THAT WE
    ARE A MUSEUM WITHOUT WALLS. LETICIA: 45 MINUTE SIX MILE
    RIDE.>>THE SMELL, SIGHTS, SOUNDS,
    AND YOU GO BACK INTO HISTORY. LETICIA: BACK IN THE DAY, THE
    RAILROAD PLAYED A CRUCIAL ROLE
    IN DISTURBING FOOD SUPPLIES.>>WE CALL OURSELVES THE
    FARM-TO-FORK CAPITAL, AMERICA. ONE OF THE REASONS IT BECAME SO
    WAS BECAUSE OF THE TRAIN. THIS ROUTE FOLLOWS THE BRANCH
    LINE SET UP SPECIFICALLY TO
    BRING THE BOUNTY FROM THE DELTA
    INTO SACRAMENTO FOR
    DISTRIBUTION. LETICIA: THOSE TAKING A RIDE SAY
    IT’S A CHANCE TO EXPERIENCE
    HISTORY.>>I LOVE TRAINS AND OUR SON IS
    OBSESSED. WE THOUGHT IT WAS COOL. 150TH ANNIVERSARY. I COULD DO NOT EXPERIENCE IT? LETICIA: A RIDE FAMILIES CAN
    ENJOY. LETICIA ORDAZ, KCRA 3 NEWS. WALTER: THE EXCURSION TRAIN
    RIDES RUN FROM 11:00 TO 4:00 ON
    SATURDAYS AND SUNDAYS. IT’S RECOMMENDED THAT YOU GET
    TICKETS ONLINE AT CALIFORNIA
    RAILROAD DOT MUSEUM BECAUSE SOME
    RIDES DO SELL OUT QUICKLY. THE COST IS $12 FOR ADULTS, $6
    FOR KIDS, AND CHILDREN 5 AND

    Railroad bridge fire halts trains for hours
    Articles, Blog

    Railroad bridge fire halts trains for hours

    August 20, 2019


    YOU DIDN’T KNOW ANYTHING HAPPENED AND THEN ALL OF A SUDDEN THE TRAIN STOPPED. IT IS ACTUALLY NOT AS BAD AS EVERYONE THINKS IT WAS, WE HAD FOOD, HEAT POWER, DID ALRIGHT, DELAY AND DECIDED TO KEEP PASSENGERS ON-BOARD FOR THEIR SAFETY WHEN NEARBY TOWNS LOST POWER DUE TO THE WINTER STORM. JENNIFER: AND THERE WAS ANOTHER ROAD BLOCK FOR TRAINS TRAVELING BETWEEN PORTLAND AND WASHINGTON. A FIRE ON THE ONLY LOCAL BRIDGE THEY USE OVER THE COLUMBIA, PREVENTED THEM FROM CROSSING. JEFF: OUR VELENA JONES IS AT VELENA: PASSENGERS TELL ME THE CREW TRIED TO KEEP THEM UPDATED AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE BUT ESTIMATED TIMES TO GET HERE TO UNION STATION CONTINUED TO INCREASE AS THE DAY WENT ON. AS THE SUN SET ON UNION STATION. TRAINS WERE STUCK TUESDAY WITH NO WAY TO GET IN OR OUT. THE THOUGHT CROSSED MY MIND BECAUSE OF THOSE POOR PEOPLE AND HERE WE ARE 3 AND A HALF HOURS NOW. VELENA: MICHELLE BECKER HAS BEEN WAITING FOR HOURS TO HUG HER GREAT AUNT JUST ONE OF A NUMBER OF PASSENGERS LEFT WAITING. I LEFT SEATTLE AT 10:30 THIS MORNING. HERE I AM. YOU KNOW WHAT? I WILL THINK TWICE THE NEXT TIME. AMTRAK IS NOT MY FRIEND. VELENA: TRAINS COMING AND GOING FROM THE NORTH WERE BROUGHT TO A STANDSTILL AFTER FLAMES BROKE OUT ON THE ONLY RAILROAD BRIDGE TRAINS USE TO CROSS THE COLUMBIA UNSAFE AREAS. VELENA: BOTH AMTRAK AND UNION PACIFIC TRAINS WERE EFFECTED, LEAVING SOME PASSENGERS WAITING UP TO THREE AND A HALF HOURS JUST MILES AWAY IN VANCOVER. NINE>>ONCE WE MADE IT TO THE BRIDGE I THINK THEY COULD HAVE SENT SOME BUSES FOR US, BUT I THINK THEY HAD A LOT ON THEIR PLATE. VELENA: SOME OF THOSE PASSENGERS CAUGHT THEIR OWN RIDE AFTER EXTENDED DELAYS THAT BRIDGE EVENTUALLY RE-OPENING AROUND 5:30. ORIGINALLY THEY SAID TWO HOURS AND THEN IT WAS LIKE 3, 3 AND A HALF, LONGER THAN WE THOUGHT. VELENA: EVEN AFTER THAT BRIDGE REOPENED, TRAINS WERE DELAYED ANOTHER HOUR BEFORE THEY STARTED ARRIVING HERE AT UNION STATION. PASSENGERS TELL ME THEY ARE HAPPY TO BE OFF THAT TRAIN.

    Railroad Corporation – Gameplay Reveal (Available May 27th)
    Articles, Blog

    Railroad Corporation – Gameplay Reveal (Available May 27th)

    August 20, 2019


    [MUSIC] Welcome to Railroad Corporation;
    a brand-new tycoon management game arriving into Early Access on
    Steam this May 27th. Produced by Corbie Games and
    published by Iceberg Interactive; today we’re excited to share for the
    first time some in-depth gameplay, and talk through how you’ll create
    and manage a vast business empire, extending across the United States
    during the Golden Age of Steam. Trains are obviously the heart of
    your business, but far from its extent. You’ll need to influence local
    settlements, lobby politicians and play the stock market to stay ahead
    of your rivals. What you’re seeing is our current
    Development build, so there are some visual improvements we’re already
    working on and bugs you might see that we’re planning to fix. When we start a new game, we’ll go
    through a short tutorial to learn the basics. Our very first objective
    is to get a shipment of grain from the farm in Piedmont to Baltimore.
    We can see what a settlement wants to buy and has to sell from these icons –
    but before that can happen, we’ll need to construct a route between the
    settlements and purchase our first train. When laying new tracks, we need to
    consider the landscape we want to cross. Soil type, elevation and geographical
    features such as this river, will all impact the total cost. We can either
    just connect the two locations directly, or get more involved to avoid paying
    more than we have to. Alright, now we’ve got our tracks in place, let’s go ahead
    and buy our very first steam engine. You’ll be able to research and buy five
    engines when Railroad Corporation arrives in Early Access, with many more
    to come alongside the full release! Every locomotive has a maximum pulling
    mass, speed and mileage, along with other important traits such as upkeep
    costs. By clicking on our locomotive, we can now assign its route, and what
    locations we want it to pick things up from and where to drop them off. Let’s
    get some of this grain from Piedmont, then deliver it Baltimore. Resources
    all weigh something, so we can’t take on all of the grain the farm has to
    give with this train, but let’s take what we can and get going. You’ll see we
    automatically attach the right cars for the resource we’re transporting – and
    the stronger engines later in the game will be able to pull much longer trains.
    Later on, we’ll also be able to store resources in our own warehouses, and by
    expanding our network, we’ll get to weigh up which settlements are going to
    offer us the best deals for trading with them. OK we’ve delivered some grain, and
    now we’ve got two more objectives – first, we’ve got some passengers to get from
    Cumberland, and some wood to collect from Frederick. As before, let’s lay some tracks,
    and assign what we want our train to pick up and where it’s going. In fact, let’s
    invest in a 2nd train now, just to speed things up. We can also make time move
    faster with these controls here. Prices for goods will vary based on
    supply and demand, so you’ll need to keep your eyes open and anticipate the market.
    Now we’ve finished the tutorial, the real game can begin. To start out, we’re not
    actually running our own Railroad Corporation – we have to learn the ropes by
    working for someone else! We can choose between 3 companies – and each has their own
    perk that will make the game a bit different. Money is always useful – so let’s
    work for Picket Railroads and get twelve thousand dollars at the beginning of each
    mission. In Railroad Corporation, you’ll need to work on a whole network of supply
    and demand. There are dozens of different resources in the world, some you’ll need to
    combine into others – so for example – our first mission requires us to deliver steel
    to Cincinnati – but in order to do that, we’re going to need to locate a steel mill
    and deliver the resources it needs to make steel in the first place. It’s also
    important to consider that our Locomotives will break down over time, so let’s upgrade
    this station to include a repair shop to get our engines in tip top condition. If one of
    our trains was ever to break down, it would block the network and prevent other trains
    from passing through. Trains will wait for the line to be clear, so it’s also important
    to consider this when planning multiple trains on multiple routes, and to think
    ahead so you ensure there’s always alternative ways through. You’ll see this
    mission is much larger than the tutorial – and could take us a few hours to fully
    complete. Missions are driven by historical scenarios – so there’s no randomising of
    layout or resources. Each one is its own challenge to be discovered and overcome. As
    you progress in your company, you’ll be given more and more responsibility, running
    more departments, constructing your own buildings – even signing your own contracts
    and setting your own goals. Whenever you complete an objective, you’ll earn
    experience points, which you can spend between missions on your portfolio;
    permanent business-wide upgrades. As we saw with the repair shop, the buildings you own
    can also be upgraded and expanded in lots of ways. Let’s take a look at our office. Here,
    we can upgrade to add a Research and Development department. In the research tree,
    we can allocate our scientists to work on a variety of projects; from our train’s speed,
    power and strength to their lifespan, efficiency and reliability – as well as
    entirely new models of locomotive to buy. The more scientists we allocate to a
    project, the faster it will go, and we’ll open up new projects the further we get into
    the game. Our office can be upgraded with lots of different departments as we progress
    – a HR department for example will allow us to hire some employees. The labour exchange
    has a limited selection of people we can hire for every mission, and each one has a
    cost to bring on board and an ongoing monthly salary. In return, these heroes will
    give our company some special bonuses. If we want to, we can fire them too, although they
    won’t appear back in the job market right away, so we should make that choice
    carefully. Our Lobbyist department works similarly to our Research department – only
    here we can assign lobbyists to work on getting laws passed that benefit our company
    and hinder our competition. Laws will last for a set amount of time – so you’ll need to
    take them or their possibility into account when you’re making plans. Looking for some
    human competition? You’re in luck! One of the most exciting features of the
    game is its multiplayer mode – which will launch in Beta alongside Railroad
    Corporation in May 2019. In multiplayer, you and a friend will compete online in real
    time – racing to be the first to a net value of half a million dollars! Thanks for
    watching. You can Wishlist Railroad Corporation on Steam to stay up to date with
    all our news and updates, and talk to us on Twitter, Facebook or Discord. We can’t wait
    to show you more of the game when it becomes available through Early Access on May 27th
    2019. [MUSIC]

    Top 10 Money Saving Tips For Your Model Railroad
    Articles, Blog

    Top 10 Money Saving Tips For Your Model Railroad

    August 20, 2019


    if you want to know how to save money
    while you’re building your model railroad you’re gonna want to see this
    did I hear somebody saved budget I’m Tom Kvichak and this is Toms Trains and
    Things this channel was created to help other modelers who are in need of
    guidance in pursuing their dream of building a model railroad and I’m gonna
    give you ten ways that you could save money while you’re building your model
    railroad if this is your first time here and you would like to see more videos
    about building your model railroad go ahead and hit that subscribe button and
    while you’re at it ding that Bell so you could be notified whenever I have a new
    video coming out so let’s get started with this right now with number one the
    first way to save money while working on your model railroad is to buy at train
    shows you can get a lot of good bargains at train shows and the earlier you go
    the better the bargains that you get Debbie used to tell me to go to church
    sales and garage sales and go there a half an hour an hour early and wait in
    line and I always wondered why well because you get in there and get with
    all them people and they fight over all that stuff and get in there and get all
    the good stuff before everybody else gets it so that’s the first one go there
    early to the train shows number two you’re gonna find a lot of things at
    thrift stores that you never thought that you could use on your model
    railroad in fact about three or four years ago I found an entire collection
    of somebody who must have passed away and their wife just unloaded it at a
    thrift store I got about four locomotives a lot of buildings in fact
    some of the buildings are here on my layout I got all kind of good stuffs
    really cheap and not only model railroad related but tools
    I got a tripod at Bogan tripod it’s worth a couple hundred dollars I got for
    $9 at a thrift store because they didn’t know the value of it a lot of times
    these people at the thrift stores know the value of some of them do some
    of them don’t and wall warts you know these wall warts that I’ve been
    showing you it well if you don’t like doing electrical projects and you want
    to get the wall warts some of them go as far as categorizing them put them in
    little plastic containers according to voltage for 50 cents apiece
    so there’s your power for your model railroad at thrift store number 3
    clearance isles at your local Hobby Lobby A C Moore Jo Anns Michaels any one of
    those stores even Walmart you could get paint I don’t know how many of those
    little tubes of paint that I got some of them I got for as low as twenty-nine
    cents they’re odd colors but they still work as far as scenery goes you can get
    some really good stuff there and I always shop there I get all my paint
    brushes there they seem I got a gallon of Elmer’s glue for something like 17
    bucks and a Seymour I think was even less than that but anyway at the
    clearance Isles for these places and I told you about the Just Plugs these
    things here okay I got this one apart right now but anyway I got this one for
    I think that the hub for $3.59 and I got all those LEDs these things right here
    they normally go for $9.99 for two dollars and 59 cents
    number-four garaad’s sales you can get a lot of stuff at garage sales in fact I
    got a shovel hanging up on the wall it’s a coal shovel I got that at a garage
    sale the guy didn’t even have it out selling it because he had some other
    stuff selling I asked him if he had any other railroad related stuff and he said
    sure I got this I got that and I got some other good stuff and not this one
    here you could get tools I’ve got a lot of these clamps at garage sales from
    people that didn’t want them anymore I bought an entire N Scale layout that
    had more turnouts in the boxes that came
    with the layout and there was on the layout itself and there was about 20 on
    the layout itself I mean I had over 40 turnouts between what was on the layout
    and and I only paid like $95 for it at a garage sale so you can find a lot of
    good stuff at garage sales number five now this one you got to be careful with
    eBay and Craigslist you could find some good stuff on both of them but you have
    to be very knowledgeable you have to do your research when you’re buying there
    otherwise you’re gonna get burnt you have to know what you’re doing you have
    to know what you’re talking about and you have to know the products and you
    have to read all the little things about the shipping on it also because a lot of
    times you can get something real cheap and the shipping will cost you three or
    four times what the product cost you so you have to beware but you get some good
    stuff on there in fact if you’re looking for projects electronic projects or
    anything else on eBay you could get hundreds of transistors hundreds of
    resistant for pennies I mean I got on this Just Plug board right here they
    have a transistor on there that I looked up and they were selling them on eBay
    now it’s on a slow boat from China it takes two to three weeks to get them
    but a hundred of those transistors the SMD versions of them for two dollars and
    sixty eight cents a hundred of them so you could find some good stuff on there
    but you could get burnt on it also so be careful number six make your own
    lighting just like I said with the the Just Plugs okay I bought a lot of stuff
    at Hobby Lobby on a discount sixty percent seventy five percent seventy
    percent discount at Hobby Lobby and I figured out how to do it by the parts
    and you got your instant lighting build your own lighting things you could I
    have so many videos out there showing you how to
    solder how to use LEDs how to figure out what resistors to use with LEDs you can
    make your own lighting you can make your own effects with lighting to that I’m
    gonna go into with Arduino number seven scratch build your buildings it doesn’t
    take a lot to scratch build in fact you can define cheap items all over your
    house that you could use for scratch building
    Vinny Susseto uses for sale signs that he gets at Home Depot or Ace Hardware for
    his styrene projects and you could do the same thing years ago when people
    didn’t have the supplies that’s how they did it they found things around the
    house to build their buildings from a lot of people just use that stuff to
    make cutouts for just to see where the buildings are gonna go but you could
    even make your buildings out of that card stock that heavy cardstock and draw
    right on it and do make your own buildings out of anything that you could
    find around the house number eight your scenery you could make your own scenery
    outside dirty dirt there’s trees there’s leaves that you could crunch up in a
    blender there’s foam that you could use from packing that you get your supplies
    from and grind it up in a blender and use that as a ground cover there’s an
    unlimited amount of things that you could use for your scenery from stuff
    that you get around the house all my scenery the the the base that I use was
    it froze from cardboard boxes I just sliced them up and put them together
    with a hot glue gun and that made the form for the scenery of my mountains the
    plaster cloth here’s some that I got the wooden hood Scenic’s plaster cloth that
    I got at Hobby Lobby 4 or 4 dollars and 31 cents but if you can’t find it that
    cheap you can always use paper towel and diluted plaster of Paris like we used to
    do 30 years ago when there wasn’t any plaster cloth or the only place that you
    can get plaster cloths was in a hospital for where there was making the cast
    number nine buy in bulk every piece of roadbed I have on my railroad is quarter
    inch cork underlayment I bought it in bulk it comes in four foot wide 80 foot
    rolls now in here I don’t know if it’s anywhere else but the Home Depot here
    will only sell it by the roll but they used to sell it by the foot and that is
    a lot better than buying these little strips here now granted you could bend
    these a little bit around the curve you know once you take these apart how much
    do you pay for this compared to buying a whole roll of cork or just how many feet
    that you need I think I did my whole layout with about 25 foot of cork and
    you can’t tell the difference because your ballast over the stuff anyway the
    only time that you could tell the difference is before you put the ground
    cover down so buy in bulk the same thing with your electronic projects if you’re
    doing any kind of electronic projects on here for LEDs for transistors for
    resistors buy them in bulk it’s cheaper that way number 10 repurpose your items
    I have a static grass applicator that I made myself from one of those electronic
    fly swatters and a little strainer it cost about 6 bucks
    altogether and how much did they cost in the store 35 $40 for the same thing
    that’s something two things that you can repurpose into make a one little tool a
    lot of modelers use hairspray on their models especially on the trees to
    finalize their things and what I found is to use the pump type ones instead of
    the aerosol because you could use them over once you’re finished with the
    hairspray you could either put alcohol in here or water in here for your
    scenery and it has a much finer mist than those spray bottles that you have
    to pump that you get from the hardware store or from WS these are
    much better a much better spray on them a finer spray on them and you can put
    anything in here I use them for alcohol and water and diluted glue on here also
    a lot of the things I mentioned in here I just went over real quickly for you so
    I could go into better detail in other videos coming up soon about how to do
    things on a budget I hope you were able to get some good tips on saving money on
    your model railroad this is how I’ve been doing it for a long time and I try
    to save as much money as I can whenever possible on my model railroad so I think
    it’s a good idea that you could do the same thing there’s a lot of good tips in
    here that I’ve given you to save money on your model railroad and I hope you
    could save money too so we’ll see ya next time

    Your Guide to San Francisco | National Geographic
    Articles, Blog

    Your Guide to San Francisco | National Geographic

    August 20, 2019


    – [Narrator] San Francisco is a rush. A rush of art, flavors,
    history, and innovation. (funky rhythmic music) It’s all packed into a
    seven-by-seven-mile square, between the Pacific Ocean
    and the San Francisco Bay. The city has long attracted trailblazers and countercultures. The Gold Rush, immigration, beatniks, hippies, the LGBTQ community,
    and the tech industry have all fueled San
    Francisco’s enduring influence on American culture. If you’ve seen a movie
    set in San Francisco, you’ve probably seen Chinatown. The Dragon Gate arch at
    Grant Avenue and Bush Street tells visitors they’re entering
    America’s oldest Chinatown. In the mid-1800s, the
    lure of the Gold Rush and the availability of work
    building the Pacific Railroad, drew large numbers of Chinese
    immigrants to San Francisco. Today you can take in the
    scene on packed Grant Avenue, and head to Stockton Street for the authentic Chinatown experience. You can shop for traditional
    Chinese ingredients, sip a cup of fragrant jasmine
    tea, and eat at some of the best Chinese restaurants in the world. The Golden Gate Bridge might be the most iconic San Francisco landmark, but the massive Golden Gate Park is one of the most visited
    green spaces in the U.S. 20% larger than New York’s Central Park, it covers a thousand square acres in a near perfect rectangle, stretching from the oceanfront west, to the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood. It includes numerous gardens, the historic Conservatory of Flowers, and two world-class museums, the California Academy of Sciences, and the de Young Museum of Fine Art. It also has some pretty unusual
    residents for the big city, a herd of bison. Buffalo have lived in
    the park since the 1890s. And the tradition continues
    today with a small group of six bison that spend their days in a bucolic green pasture
    next to Spreckels Lake. Keep going west and you’ll
    find yourself at Ocean Beach. The top of the five-mile
    stretch of shoreline borders Lands End, a national
    park with otherworldly views on the Northwest coast of the city. You can also explore the modern
    ruins of the Sutro Baths. When they opened in 1896, it was the largest indoor
    swimming facility in the world. But the massive complex of
    saltwater pools, restaurants, games, and even a museum,
    burned to the ground in 1966. After you’ve climbed the crumbling walls, stairs, and tunnels, you can unwind at the historic
    Cliff House restaurant. Originally constructed in 1863, the resort has been rebuilt
    three times over the years. Today you can take in the panoramic views in one of the two restaurants that now occupy the
    neoclassical structure. The lure of the city by the bay goes so much deeper
    than its natural beauty. San Francisco’s diversity,
    artistic spirit, and innovative drive all make
    it a rich source of adventure for any free spirited traveler. (upbeat funky music)

    Where Are The Jobs In Fiber Optics?
    Articles, Blog

    Where Are The Jobs In Fiber Optics?

    August 20, 2019


    – [Instructor] Welcome to another lecture in the FOA series of
    lectures on fiber optics. This is a special presentation. What we’re going to talk about is where are the jobs in fiber optics? And this is tied in to an
    update of our FOA jobs page, which is accessible off the
    FOA homepage on the web. This composite photo of the
    Earth from space, taken by NASA, shows all the lights from where all the people live around the world. And this shows how all of
    those people communicate. These are the submarine
    cables that connect all the centers of civilization
    around the world. These submarine cables have
    replaced almost all other forms of communications
    in most area of the Earth, except for a few remote areas
    that reply on satellites. But we don’t know much
    about these cables usually, or, who actually does the installation. Since we’re talking about jobs,
    we’ll take a look at them. These cables are made on
    land, loaded in large ships, and then spooled out from
    location to location, to create these submarine
    communication links. Now, this is an area of great importance to communications and to fiber optics, but, it’s a very very
    specialized job market, and not too many people
    work on these kinds of jobs. Many of the jobs in fiber optics are in what we call traditional
    telecommunications. But that also today involves the internet. Ease of long distance links where fiber has replaced copper or
    radio, and these links are constantly being upgraded, moving to internet protocol,
    and all optical protocols, from 10 to 100 gigabits per second, with 400 gigabits per second
    and terabits per second coming. These lengths are typically wavelength-to-division multiplexing. Even fiber is used for
    backhaulin’ wireless and Fiber to the Home. So let’s look at some of the
    opportunities for jobs here. There’s a lot more fiber optics
    on land than under the sea. There are fiber optic cable
    plants connecting virtually all major population
    centers around the world, like here in the United States. The installations may be
    aerial, buried or underground. And these networks are under
    constant expansion worldwide. The jobs here are straightforward, therefore techs who have
    experience and knowledge and certification in the
    installation of aerial, buried, and underground cable plants, involving outside plant
    cables, splicing, testing, with good skills required
    for things like OTDR’s. There are also quite a
    few jobs available now, for people who are testing current fiber optic cable plant for upgrades. They’re always being used
    for higher bitrate systems, and for more wavelengths, so the systems need to be
    tested for insertion loss, new OTDR traces taken, and special tasks for spectral attenuation, for
    WDM, chromatic dispersion, and polarization mode dispersion. These are very specialized
    jobs, require basic knowledge of fiber optic testing,
    and specialized knowledge of these particular tests
    for spectral attenuation, chromatic dispersion, and PMD. There’s even more jobs
    available for people installing Fiber to the Home, because there
    are millions of subscribers each year being added to
    Fiber to the Home networks. These are typically
    passive optical networks, and using triple play services
    for voice, data, and TV. So techs need to have basic outside plant fiber optic experience,
    they need to know some of the new technologies, like pre-terminated or prefabricated cable
    systems, and in many cases, the techs doing the
    installation at the home, are expected to go in
    the home and actually do the installation of
    phones, TV’s and computers. Here’s two examples of Fiber
    to the Home networks in the US. Verizon FiOS has been around
    for five or six years now. They typically go into a neighbourhood where they deliver phone
    service, and already have landlines, and use
    prefabricated cabling systems to connect customers up to the
    fiber optic network directly. Google, of course, is
    going into Kansas City, and soon Austin, Texas,
    to actually install brand new overlay networks based on aerial and underground cable plants, depending on the neighbourhood. Here’s an opportunity for
    outside plant techs to develop a very very good portfolio
    and go get some good jobs. Another good opportunity for fiber techs is the wireless industry. Well, wireless isn’t wireless,
    and it’s growing like crazy, so there’s a lot of jobs here. What’s driving this growth
    is smartphones and tablets. The wireless network has to support now, massive amounts of data
    as millions upon millions of people convert from regular old phones to smart phones, and to tablets, and rely on the cellular system for their data. As the cellular industry
    expands, it has to bring more bandwidth, to their antennas. Both cellular and municipal-type WiFi, Super WiFi or White Space, and WiMax. So all of these now are
    using more and more fiber. Those cellular towers
    that you see getting more and more antennas at the top, have to have more and more bandwidth, and those towers then have to be connected on fiber. So this is another big outside plant job, and there are tens of thousands,
    or hundreds of thousands, of these cellular towers
    around the the world. You get fiber to the tower,
    it’s necessary to connect the antennas, and the traditional
    coax cable that’s used, can be too heavy and
    too much wind resistance for the towers. So now we’re seeing more
    and more fiber networks up the towers to the antennas. And this is good work for people
    who don’t have acrophobia, but you have to be very careful
    because there’s all sorts of safety issues involved. The next thing we’re going
    to see is lots of microcells, especially in metropolitan areas. This tiny little antenna this gentleman from Alcatel-Lucent is holding, is a full-fledged cellular antenna. It only needs connection for
    power, and a single fiber. And we’re going to see millions of these spread over metropolitan areas,
    especially in urban areas, over the next few years. And those are going to require fiber techs to install the infrastructure. Most cable TV networks already have a hybrid fiber coax backbone. So there’s really not a lot of jobs in expending out the HFC
    networks for cable TV, but many of these operations
    are seeing a lot of traffic in what’s called Over the Top, people going straight to the internet to download their entertainment,
    and they’re looking at expending their internet capacity, which may require Fiber to the Home. The Cable TV industry
    even has their own version of Fiber to the Home, called
    RFOG, for RF Over Glass. Premises or Structured
    Cabling has had options for fiber since the beginning. Using it for backbones in the networks, connections to the desktop, and connections to wireless access points. Now it’s also used for security systems, building alarm systems and
    building management systems, and practically anything
    that’s inside a building. But traditional structured
    cabling limits the use of fiber in ways that don’t make sense for fiber, so we’re seeing a lot
    of interesting changes in this part of the industry. One of the biggest changes
    we’re seeing, is the adoption of Fiber to the Home technology
    for local area networks. Most of this is being done with GPON, or EPON, passive optical networks. And large buildings, like the
    San Diego Public Library here, with 4000 drops, makes an ideal place to develop a network
    based on a PON technology. Using this Fiber to the Home
    technology, you can build a system that’s half the cost and uses a quarter as much power as
    a traditional LAN system. And it saves tons,
    literally tons, of copper. Another Fiber to the Home
    technology, called point-to-point, or active ethernet, is also being used for what’s called Fiber to the Office. It’s basically a switched
    network, using local switches that connect up to the
    devices just on patch cords. We call this Fiber to the Office. Both the passive optical LAN, and Fiber to the Office
    technologies, require techs who know something different from normal premises cabling technology. This is not multimode, it’s single mode. It uses splitters, and
    other types of components that may be unfamiliar to the typical structured cabling tech,
    so they typically need more training, like the
    new FOA OLAN course. Data centers are the
    heart of the internet. They’re where the data is stored
    and switched out to users. And the big issue here is speed. And speed takes power, so
    fiber tends to be more popular in data centers, because, for
    example, a 10 gig fiber link uses about one fifth as much power as a 10 gig copper length. There’s a lot of multimode
    fiber and data centers today, but as we go beyond 10 gig,
    it’s probably going to migrate to single mode fiber. So the premises cabling techs
    need to learn more about single mode, and it’s installation, in premises applications. Security systems are big users of fiber. Those video cameras that you
    see everywhere, watching you as you walk around on the
    street or inside buildings, are often connected on optical fiber. This is a very straightforward premises cabling type application, using either single mode
    or multi-mode fiber, and your training will help
    you get jobs in this area. It’s also helpful if you know
    the security business already, or if you’re in that business,
    you get trained in fiber. There are even applications of using fiber as intrusion sensors outdoors, like fiber in this fence here, that
    can detect intrusion. This is a typical, simple, outside plant cabling installation,
    but for a very different, very specific purpose. Another big user of
    fiber optics is cities, and there’s a lot of jobs in installing their metropolitan networks. These are networks that typically include surveillance TV systems, traffic controls, as well as city communications networks, and often involves connecting
    up businesses in the city who buy fiber, either dark
    fiber or connectivity services from the city. Because they’re typically done
    underground, there’s a lot of work on what’s called
    microtrenching, where you just saw a slit in the street
    and drop in a microduct, and then you can even use
    that for air-blown fiber. Sports stadiums and sporting
    events use lots of fiber. Like that giant spool of tactical cable in the lower right hand side,
    is used for connecting up the TV cameras and the large TV screens, for the Long Beach Grand Prix. Even all those big screens up and down The Strip in Vegas, are
    all connected on fiber. So, we see a lot of it in
    the big public facilities, but if you go into any major building, whether it’s a conference center, or a church, or any kind of auditorium, you’re likely to find the
    video and audio systems using optical fiber. Typical premises cabling applications. Electrical utilities were
    some of the first adopters of optical fiber. They were using it to control their grid, and to build sensors that
    can measure the amount of current and voltage in high
    voltage transmission lines. Now the electrical
    utilities are expanding out, their fiber optic cable plant,
    to build up what’s called a smart grid network, and
    in some cases bringing fiber all the way to the home,
    like they do in Chattanooga. They use some unique types of components, like optical power ground
    wire, but for the most part it’s standard aerial
    outside plant installation. The oil and gas industry
    was also an earlier adopter, because of the inherent
    safety of transmitting signals by light instead
    of electrical signals. Fiber is used today in
    the exploring, drilling, transporting, and refining industries. So the guys who are out
    running seismic sensors to find underground gas and oil, are using optical fiber to connect up those sensors. The drilling towers, offshore
    and on land, the pipelines and the refineries, all are
    big users of optical fiber, and it’s typically ruggedized
    outside plant components. Alternative energy systems
    are big users of fiber. Every one of those wind towers has a power cable taking the
    power back from it, and optical fiber monitoring and
    controlling the actual system. Solar systems require
    massive amounts of fiber. They cover large areas,
    and they require control and feedback on all their
    systems to be efficient. We’ve actually found jobs
    for 10 fiber optic techs for two years at one solar
    facility in the Mojave Desert. There are lots of industrial
    applications for fiber. Industrial applications like
    its long distance capability, and its immunity to electrical noise. Where are these jobs? Everywhere. Any place that’s manufacturing. Car companies, aluminum smelters, manufacturing and warehouses. Anybody doing any kind of manufacturing, and any large scale
    facility will have fiber, and often their maintenance
    people are wanting to learn how to do fiber themselves. One of my favorite
    applications for optical fiber is remote-piloted vehicles,
    because back in the early 80’s I helped train the people at Woods Hole, on using fiber and they went
    out to discover the Titanic. Today, everybody who uses
    RPV’s needs to have specialized training in optical fiber,
    and the FOA actually has a school that trains
    in just this application. There’s a lot more
    applications for fiber optics, but they may not have a lot of jobs. There literally is an
    application for a fiber optics switch with a kitchen sink, to
    control the garbage disposal, and somebody has to make
    those starfield roofs that cost $50,000 in a Rolls Royce. Even artists are using fiber. Not a lot of particular
    jobs here, but they all are interesting to us and
    require that same kind of knowledge of how to use
    fiber, that everybody else in the industry needs to get, and we at the FOA try to provide. There are lots of fiber
    optic applications, and they’re growing. So there are jobs
    everywhere you can imagine around the world, on every continent, actually, even in Antarctica
    they use fiber in some of the research bases. We mainly deal with
    communications fiber optics, and it works in all these fields. There are other jobs involved in lighting, and in medical uses, and
    in non-destructive testing, and those aren’t our
    field, but you may find some interesting applications
    in those areas too, especially if you’re
    involved in the manufacturing of components, not in the installation. The FOA tries to
    continually get information on where the jobs are,
    to help you find them, and we’ve created a special
    jobs page on our website to show you how to apply for those jobs, and what kind of training you need, from the FOA and others,
    to qualify for these jobs. So go to the FOA homepage,
    find the job page, and read it. Sign up for the FOA email newsletter, and you’ll get notified when our online newsletter is updated every month. We’ll try to be a source
    to help you find jobs in this industry, and to
    keep this industry growing. We’re the Fiber Optic Association. The worldwide non-profit professional society of fiber optics. Chartered to promote fiber
    optics through education, certification, and standards. Let us know how we can help you.

    Leeds’ new cutting-edge experimental rail facility
    Articles, Blog

    Leeds’ new cutting-edge experimental rail facility

    August 20, 2019


    The Institute for High
    Speed Rail and Systems Integration is a collaboration
    to develop a research and development
    institute able to solve some of those long
    challenging issues that you see on
    the railway track. It would also place the UK
    as a global leader in rail. This is a real period of
    change on the railway. Right across the country,
    we’re upgrading track. We’re upgrading signalling
    to really accelerate journeys for our passengers. At the same time, we’re
    introducing new trains onto the network. In order to test new trains
    on the existing network, we have to run them
    for hundreds of miles. So we get to a point where
    it’s performing reliably and fault free, so that we can
    have the confidence to bring it into service for passengers. What that means though
    is at the same time as running our everyday
    passenger and freight services, we have to try
    and squeeze a path or find a slot for these
    test trains to run, and that can lead to
    congestion, and can potentially lead to disruption. So these challenges can
    be resolved by undertaking much of this testing off-site. When we created
    the institute, we decided on two
    fundamental principles. The first one was to look at
    whole systems integration. That’s how everything
    connects together. The second one was to build
    the best testing facilities. To do that, we are constructing
    three innovative facilities, the first one, an
    infrastructure test facility. We’re also developing
    a vehicle test facility, which is
    based on a rolling road type of technology. The third test facility is the
    Systems Integration Innovation Centre. And that is all about the
    signalling and the command and control, and about how
    that all interacts together to give you this whole
    systems integration approach. So at the end of
    the process, you have a vehicle where
    the vast majority of the issues that you are
    likely to encounter on track have been derisked. I think the power and the
    beauty of the new institute is the fact that it’s been
    designed with the rail sector. If we look at the
    industrial strategy, that’s at the heart of
    what we’re doing here. So never before has it been
    so important for universities to work with business
    and industry. And I think the Institute is
    a fantastic example of where we’re doing just that, to not
    only help UK industry innovate and grow, but also to act
    as a magnet for other people to come and work here
    with the Institute from all around the world. We’re bringing together
    all of the expertise, but also elevating
    it to something that’s of significance
    internationally, not just nationally. What we will see is a clustering
    around the Institute of High Speed Rail and
    Systems Integration where we’ll get much
    bigger businesses, better jobs created, and
    opportunities for people in this part of the north. More importantly,
    I also think it’ll be something that’ll
    help us promote the region internationally
    in a different way from some of the other strengths
    that we already have in this city region to
    economic advantage for decades to come.