Browsing Tag: Agriculture

    New 120-Inch Track Spacing Option for 9RX Series Tractors
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    New 120-Inch Track Spacing Option for 9RX Series Tractors

    November 24, 2019

    Big news from John Deere bigger is now wider You’re looking at our all-new 120-inch track spacing option now available on our four biggest 9RX tractors with 30 and 36 inch tracks for exceptional traction on rolling hills and minimal compaction It’s a difference you can feel especially on wet fields and moderate hillsides with the same reliable undercarriage as our other 9RX Series Tractors our new 120 inch stance delivers a strong grip when turning under load in tough field conditions at the same time It leaves a large footprint on the ground to give you the flotation You need like our other 9RX models when combined with articulated steering that helps deliver minimal compaction soil disturbance and soil berming on headland turns This gives your seeds a good head start to better emergence and yield potential with this 120 inch track spacing option you’ll also feel an extra margin of comfort and confidence while working in your fields at higher speeds or driving on the road And because the track spacing is 120 inches wide it helps keep mud and debris from building up between the tracks and tractor frame So you can keep working without the need to stop and clean out material These high horsepower 9RX Tractors are the new power of choice from John Deere with the impressive power and hydraulic capacity you need plus the latest advances in technology and integrated guidance and management they can make short work of your biggest jobs Find out more about this new option in tractors that’s quickly gaining traction: the all-new 120 inch track spacing options option now available on our four biggest 9RX tractors ask your John Deere dealer today for details Because nothing runs like a Deere

    Can You Melt Obsidian and Cast a Sword?
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    Can You Melt Obsidian and Cast a Sword?

    November 6, 2019

    Over the past few months I’ve been working on this video as a follow-up to user comments on a previous video on if it’s possible to cast obsidian. This proved to be a major challenge that took six attempts, broke multiple crucibles and two different kilns. But I didn’t want to stop until I finally had success at casting obsidian. Previously I made obsidian blade by knapping, which is kind of a Stone Age technology. But a lot of people wanted to see me try and do actual casting with obsidian. Which is something that’s pretty difficult because actual obsidian doesn’t melt until over 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit Which is something that’s very hard to achieve. So while looking for this I realized that you can actually cast glass using sand and a similar method that I used for the aluminum But because I can’t melt the actual obsidian, I need to grind it up into small little particles, mix it with the flux and then melt it. And hopefully then I can cast it into some form of knife Obsidian is largely made of silica like regular glass but also has an unknown mixture of other impurities in it as well. That can make its melting point difficult to work with. Melting straight obsidian is potentially possible But would likely result in a very thick viscous substance That’d be hard to work with especially to cast my early attempts at glass making also had a fair amount of impurities which made it really difficult to work with so The solution to this is flux Which is adding chemicals with lower melting points that make the entire solution melt easier and be fluid enough to cast so the thing with knapping is that when you fracture it you’re able to create potentially razor thin blades that are a Molecule thick you. Can’t quite reach the same sharpness by just sharpening glass itself But you should be able get something close and it’s also probably gonna be pretty Brittle as even this is brittle itself and it has wood reinforcing and holding it So let’s give it a shot. First up is grinding the obsidian, melting it down and see if this is even feasible I used a ball mill to grind it to a fine powder in a liquid solution, which I then need to boil off. One of the biggest pains is getting a crucible That’s just big enough to hold a large enough volume, but still fits inside the rather small kiln As it heats the Obsidian and flux tend to boil over some and unfortunately in these smaller crucibles nearly everything spilled out For this first test it looked like the Obsidian and flux may have separated, which means this might not be feasible Also enough spilled out and burned through the insulation until it broke the kiln’s coil making the kiln unusable Next I tried a larger batch using a more flexibly designed kiln that I could scale up to fit a larger crucible (whispered) I uh, suck at this It’s melted all the way through. For an initial small test knife I carved a model out of styrofoam and then packed it into the sand Once poured the hot glass will burn off the styrofoam and fill in its place Like regular glass, if my cast obsidian cools too rapidly it’ll fracture and shatter So I took a note from the compound we used when we made glass with Grant last year and picked up a bag of vermiculite. Which can act as an insulator to allow the glass to slowly cool Alright, lets give this a shot. Unfortunately that wasn’t enough and it still ended up shattering But the most interesting result was that the remelted obsidian turned out fairly transparent with just a slight amber color This is likely due to the flux which probably added to the transparency But this also might be related to how this glass is formed versus the original obsidian Which raises an interesting question on if this compound could even be considered obsidian anymore Regrinding this glass, I started a new batch, but this time, assuming it got more clear because of the flux I thought I’d attempt to counteract it by adding some new impurities back in specifically added in some metals that are often used in glass making to dye glass black: nickel and chromium Which gave it a nice dark color very similar to what it started with Now to cast it. (talking about fluffy cat) Usually she just lays in the grass and eats it. So I’m gonna try and cast this toy Roman sword in obsidian but I don’t want the handle to be obsidian So I’m gonna cut that off Unfortunately by the time it came to pour it, my crucible had cracked and the majority of the obsidian had leaked out While I reset again for another attempt I was curious to do another experiment to see what would happen If you try to melt just straight rocks of obsidian This resulted in a interesting formation of a foamy mess Likely caused by off-gassing of compounds like water that’d previously been trapped in the obsidian The semi molten obsidian adhered to the crucibles as well as the sides of the kiln which unfortunately caused this kiln to break as well But in the interim I had fixed the first kiln and gotten a better fitting crucible. So let’s keep going Collecting as much of the previous attempt as I could Plus adding some more crushed obsidian And some more flux I’m ready to go again This time with a very promising pour Alright, moment of truth to see if the sword is in one piece I’ve had mixed results so far with the vermiculite of Some things still shattering in it, some things not Let’s see what we got Dreams shattered dreams Refusing to give up I brought my setup to glassmaking studio FOCI Where I could throw my final result into their annealing chamber and not risk it shattering Okay, so got a weird reaction in the last attempt where it got really bubbly when we poured it not sure exactly why, there might’ve been some cracks that formed when I transferred the mold or There might have just been more humidity in the air that made it damp and caused a reaction I’d like to polish this, it’d probably break up if I try to grind it and shine it up. So We’re gonna go over there. Give a one more shot to do it the right way previously I added a little bit of a tang to attach a handle to it easier But that’s kind of flimsy so I’m a little worried how well that’ll hold up. So I think I’m just gonna do the whole thing obsidian, So I’m just super gluing the handle back on sand cast it once more I hopefully will finally have the obsidian sword Not very strong Working with FOCI, I learned how sand casting for glass is done a slightly different way Instead of packing the sand tightly around the mold you lightly place the mold into the sand and pack it only along the edge The idea is to allow the air to escape through the sand so it doesn’t bubble up through the glass like it did last time Then they also torch the sand to leave a fine layer of carbon on top. So the glass can better release from it So after six attempts, I finally managed to cast a full obsidian blade. Unfortunately in the annealing process it got a little cracked and Probably can’t polish it off and put a nice edge on it, unfortunately I took quite a bit of flux in order to make it cast-able which made it a bit difficult to actually temper It’s kind of messed up the whole annealing and made it a bit weaker, so it’s more ceremonial at this point. despite all the mythology around obsidian, it’s really fragile, just glass and uh… So put it through a whole different process than how the obsidian originally formed, which is evident when it became pretty transparent at one point and then I had to add the additional dyes in order to turn it back into black. So it’s kind of debatable if this is obsidian, but it’s definitely made from obsidian and uh, took a lot of attempts, though I finally made it So this took six attempts and broke two crucibles and two kilns. Just fixed this guy and last time this crucible cracked it leaked the obsidian all over it and Eroded and did a ton of damage Fortunately, it’s still working at this point But I don’t want to push my luck too much so as much as I enjoy making unprofitable videos and I’m gonna call it at this point say it’s complete So now that I’ve cast the glass next I’m gonna move on to a different mineral, actually try and do actual metals with some copper and make bronze So I’ll do that in uh… In a while If you enjoyed this video be sure to subscribe and check out other content we have, covering a wide variety of topics Also, if you enjoyed these series consider supporting us on Patreon We are largely a fan funded channel and depend on the support of our viewers in order to keep our series going Thanks for watching

    Articles, Blog


    October 17, 2019

    You probably don’t give much thought to
    ice unless you’re thinking of ice skating in the winter or cooling a beverage in the
    summer. Ice is abundant not only on Earth but throughout
    the solar system. Here in Wyoming, we appreciate the many forms
    of ice – from snowflakes to glaciers. Ice is formed when there is a phase transformation
    of water from liquid to solid. Ice can also form when there is a direct transformation
    from vapor to solid. This phase change will leave your lawn a frosty
    white or require you to scrape the frost off of your windshield. The types of ice are various and include:
    glaciers, ice sheets, sea ice, icebergs, snowflakes, hail, frost, icicles and ice spikes. The formation of ice can be beneficial or
    harmful to living organisms. Because ice has a lower density than water,
    it floats. This helps protect organisms living in the
    water by insulating them from the harsh conditions above. Ice formation can also be very destructive. If ice forms in cells, the crystals expand
    and shatter the cells. If the damage is extensive enough, the organism
    dies. Before the advent of modern refrigeration,
    ice was a very valuable resource and was harvested and stored through the summer. We don’t need to harvest ice anymore but
    we still rely on the formation of ice for many of our winter activities. From the University of Wyoming Extension,
    I’m Mae Smith, Exploring the Nature of Wyoming.

    Grand Encampment Tramway
    Articles, Blog

    Grand Encampment Tramway

    October 11, 2019

    Did you know it is thought that Wyoming was
    home to one of the most important copper mines in the West, in the late 1880’s to early
    1900’s? Copper deposits were discovered in the Sierra
    Madre Mountains in south central Wyoming in 1874. A decade-long copper boom did not occur until
    sheepherder Ed Haggarty discovered a more significant copper deposit in 1897. The copper boom brought people, money, and
    engineering achievements. A steam and gravity-powered tramway was constructed
    to transport ore from the Ferris-Haggarty mine to the Boston-Wyoming mill and smelter
    constructed in Riverside in 1902. The tramway traveled east and gained nearly
    1,000 feet in elevation to cross over the Continental Divide. The tramway then descended over 3,000 feet
    to the eastern flanks of the Sierra Madres, and on down to the smelter. The tramway was considered an engineering
    marvel and was the longest in the world at the time. Each of the 840 buckets on the tramway could
    transport up to 700 pounds of ore. The extraction of copper at the mine ceased
    in 1908. To learn more and to view sections of the
    aerial tramway visit the Grand Encampment Museum. From the University of Wyoming Extension,
    I’m Windy Kelley, Exploring the Nature of Wyoming.

    An Overview of Vocational Rehabilitation
    Articles, Blog

    An Overview of Vocational Rehabilitation

    August 18, 2019

    How I’d like to start I guess is by asking
    you and really putting you guys in charge and tell me what it is you want to know
    in regard to vocational rehabilitation. And Dr. Switzer will just make note
    of those questions and we’ll try and be sure and cover those before we’re done. That way you get what you paid for.>>[LAUGH]
    >>So if you don’t ask questions you
    get the full 45 minutes nonstop, I mean if there’s nothing you wanna
    know I’m gonna force feed you. So everything that you wondered before you
    came in here or why did you come in for this session. What did you want to learn? I’m interested in how VR
    can work with farmers. in order to help them continue farming or
    to become a farmer, because it’s a great funding
    resource if they’re able to do that, work together as a team,
    and how does that happen?>>Okay, so
    she’s going to make note of those and I’ll answer as it fits in but
    I don’t want to miss that, what else?>>My husband has received a lot
    of vocational rehab help and I mean it has really benefited him
    being able to do things he couldn’t do. Do very well before.>>Good, I’m glad to hear that.>>I want you to know it’s very positive.>>Good.
    >>We have a customer that I have been told I need to contact voc rehab about and
    I don’t know what voc rehab is. So that’s why I’m here to find out how
    that’s going to help this customer.>>Okay,
    what is Vocational Rehabilitation.>>Our program works with VocRehab, do we work them from we send
    them [INAUDIBLE] [LAUGH] I’m forgetting things for you [LAUGH]
    >>That’s fine we’ll want to be
    sure to address those.>>I guess I would like
    to know how it’s funded.>>Okay, sure. Okay.
    >>Do you know the timeline with talking with the farmer? What can a client or
    case worker do for you? How much do you want us to do? And what do you want left undone for
    you to do?>>Yeah, how can you as an AgrAbility
    staff member advocate for the person you’re serving?>>Right.
    >>Yeah, okay.>>Or know when to make
    a good referral too, right. Okay.
    >>What was the question?>>What is a good referral or
    when to make a good referral?>>Yeah. I thought I heard something else in there.>>[INAUDIBLE]>>Anything else? Okay, so you guys have basically outlined,
    what I need to address for you today and I appreciate that very much. So the purpose of vocational
    rehabilitation is to empower individuals with disabilities, particularly
    individuals with significant disabilities. To achieve high quality employment
    outcomes to which they aspire and that are consistent with their unique
    strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities,
    interests and informed choice. This comes from the Federal Register and
    that’s where you can find it. Written policies governing
    the provision of services for individuals with disabilities. And so that’s a resource, so when you
    think about AgrAbility you think about transition resources, you think
    about independent living centers. I would guess that this
    is your goal as well, that’s a pretty good synopsis or
    a pretty good purpose for you. So what I’d like to emphasize I guess
    is that vocational rehabilitation should fit pretty well with
    whatever each of you may be doing. One of the things that Amber asked me
    to do, or Miss Wolfe, as she organized the program asked me to do, is to come
    with a case study in regard to arthritis. And so I was thinking specifically
    of arthritis and I could only think, and I’ve been working in vocational
    rehabilitation for 16 years. And so I don’t know how many,
    my caseload is typically between 120 and 130, and so over those years. I don’t know how many folks that
    I’ve met and taken applications and found eligible and provided services for. But I could only I can only think
    of one person whose disability was specifically arthritis. And of course I wasn’t thinking in
    terms of degenerative disk disease and those things. And if I were to think
    in terms of that and we can talk about
    services along that line. It would probably be maybe 20% or quarter of my case load would
    have a diagnosis along that line. I’d like to in regard to that, I guess I
    think of it in terms were born with about a 35 year warning and
    we live longer than that. So you know the doctor
    who did the keynote, basically he talked about wear and
    tear and being wornout or getting wornout. And that’s a significant
    portion of the people I serve from year to year would
    have degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, that sort of thing. And they would be in their late 40s and
    early 50s a lot of times. But in regard to the one that I
    thought of, it would have been rheumatoid arthritis and I won’t be
    able to tell you the persons name. I can tell you where he lives,
    I can drive to where he lives, I can tell you where he worked. I can tell you where his wife worked,
    I can tell you he had two grown sons. One still lived at home,
    I don’t remember his name, but what he worked as he was
    a quality control, and he worked for an electronics company,
    Philips Industries. A they bought Magnavox some years ago and a northeast Indiana Magnavox was
    a very significant employer. And so his job quality control the plant
    meant that he had to traverse the plant. Basically from side to side to side,
    and end to end and due to the rheumatoid arthritis, he was
    not able to walk those distances anymore. He was not able to he just simply
    wasn’t able to do that and so what vocational rehabilitation
    was able to do. And this is in regard to, part of the
    reason this may be a decent example for you is the purpose was to
    retain his employment. And when you think about people who make
    their living in agriculture, farmers. That’s what we wanna really look
    at is retaining employment and not, well,
    that’s really what we want to look at. So with this gentleman, he and his son had done a lot of the work
    themselves in terms of their home. His home was accessible to him and
    that sort of thing. So what we looked at was him being able to
    get to work, and then him being able to do his job at the plant,
    at the physical facility. The first. After the eligibility was complete,
    and we’ll talk about all these steps. And the plan for employment was developed. The next thing that vocational
    rehabilitation did, was we did an assessment of both
    the functional limitations that he had to actually we got that
    from his medical reports, but then how do we address
    those functional limitations? And employed, or contracted with
    an assistive technology professional to assess what would work best for him. And in his instance, it was a power scooter would allow him to
    get wherever he needed to be in the plant. And so,
    with that being the recommendation then, how does he get the power scooter back and
    forth? And so,
    we had to take a look at his vehicle and being able to modify his
    vehicle to transport the scooter, with a lift that
    allowed him to store it inside, he could transfer it himself and
    get into the vehicle independently. That wasn’t the problem, the problem
    was the distance from the parking lot even from the disability, a space set
    aside for people with disability, to get from that end of the plant,
    and then the plant itself. I don’t know. Where I live is 9 acres and
    my guess the plant could set on that. So that’s what he would
    have to walk each day. So those were the services and
    that worked well for him. He was able to continue working. The facility had made some
    accommodation for him in the meantime. Until he got, was able to,
    with voc rehab’s assistance, modify his van and obtain the scooter. And so, he’d get to work and
    he’d unload and he’d drive into the plant. And then, as a quality control
    engineer go about his work. So that’s just kind of a brief
    synopsis in one instance. And again, what we were doing is,
    because we were retaining his employment, that was a high quality
    employment outcome. And that’s what he wanted to do. He wanted to continue working. It addressed his strengths. His strength was in being able to do
    the quality control work for that company. Abilities and capabilities and
    that sort of thing. And maybe we’ll be able
    to refer back to that as we get to some of the other parts here. One of the questions I had
    before we got started is, is vocational rehabilitation
    a federal program, that was essentially the question. And it is. We operate under the Rehabilitation Act. Each state then has their
    own plan of services, the federal and state match is actually, I rounded up 1 and
    rounded down the other, and it’s actually 78.7% Federal and
    21.3% State, and I did make that adjustment
    on the PowerPoint, 21.3% State. Vocational Rehabilitation, there is
    a program in each of the 50 states. In regard to Indiana, Indiana,
    to my knowledge, has never provided enough money in their state match to get all that
    they could get from the federal dollars. And I’m not sure if that may be
    the case in other states or not. So the vocational rehabilitation mission
    to serve eligible people with disability in obtaining and retaining employment that
    is commensurate with their abilities, interests and limitations. And that’s just kinda how I
    summarized the first part. We look at abilities,
    interests, and limitations. And really, we try to meet
    the individual needs of each person, that’s the person we’re serving. I had a gentleman once who, he, who with a disability did experience a stroke, actually. And what he wanted VR to be able
    to do was to provide training for one of his employees to do
    what he could no longer do. And no matter how I tried to
    work through policy and stuff, we couldn’t provide
    the services to somebody who, and the employee wouldn’t have
    been eligible for the program. So while it would have been a service to
    him, to allow his business to continue to generate the income it needed
    We couldn’t invest our dollars in training someone who
    wasn’t eligible for the program. So that’s what that would reference there.>>What about a family member who is
    essential to help with the person with the disability if they had some need?>>You mean like personal care?>>Yeah.
    Maybe something like that.>>To get out of the house?>>[CROSSTALK] Yeah.>>That may require specific training? In terms of say, transfer or
    something like that?>>Yes. [INAUDIBLE]
    >>Probably what we would look for is comparable benefit. And so, does a rehabilitation
    hospital provide that training?>>And there would be some state funding
    programs to help with some of that. Like in Maine we have personal care
    programs that VR would probably refer them to us, so that they can hire and
    employ that member, and get them out of the house,
    get them dressed. [INAUDIBLE]
    >>Yeah. In regards to the gentleman I referenced,
    I did provide him with information with regard to workforce development
    programs in Indiana. That perhaps could provide what he
    was looking for, for his employee. The other responsibility is
    to vocational rehabilitation, in regard to my role,
    is to manage my financial resources so that whatever we do is necessary and
    reasonable. And by necessary and reasonable,
    if you thing of a person who, perhaps, uses a wheelchair and
    they needed to have their home modified. And, of course, the wheelchair will work better on a hard surface,
    so that’s necessary. Solid oak flooring isn’t reasonable. [LAUGH] So in that instance,
    if they needed solid floor, solid oak flooring,
    as opposed to I don’t know what. They would pay the difference,
    I mean they could still have that, but we wouldn’t pay the total cost. So the numbers, like zero zero and
    O two, those are called status codes. And basically, my supervisor
    can take a look at my caseload, and he can have an idea,
    based on the status alone, based on that two digit number what should
    be going on, or where that person is. So you can see it goes from referral
    to application, eligibility, and then planning development. Then the plan to prove that status 12
    restoration is kind of a separate one. It doesn’t necessarily flow like this, restoration would be either physical or
    mental restoration. So if a person, if the service they needed was say a prosthetic
    to continue their job. That would be the status they would be in,
    would be 16 for restoration. Training is just about everything else. Ready for employment,
    I’ve never used that one. I’d just go from 18 to 22,
    but I guess I could use it. And then 26, that’s the one
    that we’re always looking for that’s a successful closure.>>What does IPE stand for? IPE stands for
    individualized plan for employment. Yeah like any program there
    are lots of initials. A couple of additional statuses
    is extended evaluation and this may be relevant to AgrAbility staff. If you’ve ever with importance of
    extended evaluation if you think, if I take an application on someone and
    they’re eligible and I think that they may not
    benefit from services. That they may not have
    an employment outcome. That decision cannot be arbitrary. It has to be evidence-based, or
    it has to be, it can’t be subjective, it has to be objective. And so extended evaluation would be
    where we would provide the services to see if they could
    benefit from services. Well I’ve never used that status either because you basically have
    to do all the same things. Now there is an advantage to that status
    and so I may think about it in the future. But basically add a person wants on
    my caseload with multiple sclerosis. And essentially they could still speak,
    and they can still breathe independently, and that was essentially
    the function that they had. And so with evaluation,
    either can they use a computer or use a puff technology and the other thing. And so I went to my supervisor and asked him, can they benefit
    from services that we provide? And of course he didn’t know. We went to the regional manager or
    the region manager which would be his supervisor and she said you basically got to do all of the same
    stuff just do it you know. And so she didn’t suggest that I
    use status six she just said do it. And so if you ever encounter a situation
    in regard to vocational rehabilitation where the VR counselor says,
    I don’t think they can benefit. It’s not a subjective call, it has to be objective and
    they would’ve had to try to provide the services that were
    necessary for the person to benefit. And when I use the term benefit I’m
    meaning in terms of employment, in terms of employment outcome. So you can kind of just file that. So you can do an extended evaluation and see if it’s gonna work or not. Services interrupted. Sometimes services are interrupted because
    a person, say they’re in post-secondary training and whatever the disability may
    be causes them to sit out a semester. That’d be services interrupted. Post-employment service. After the case file’s closed, with a,
    successfully, with a person working. If they were to need an additional
    service that would be directly related to retaining that job. That’s possible to provide that
    service without reopening the case. In some instances, depending on that,
    sometimes I’m gonna prefer to reopen the case if If the services that
    are required are fairly expensive. I had a person on my case load who,
    as a child waiting for the school bus, was hit by a semi. And of course, caused spinal cord
    injury and loss of their right arm. And so they use the wheelchair. And so the first time I opened the case,
    we worked with the company to provide
    a one-arm drive wheelchair. And the person had good computer savvy and
    things like that, I went to work for
    the library in the community and did just a lot of good things for them. Well, because he’s using
    the one-arm chair and as we heard the keynote speaker
    today talk about the wear and tear. There was a time when a few years later
    he just wasn’t able to get in and out of his apartment, wasn’t able,
    just the wear and tear. So, then we look at a,
    I should back up and mention the one-arm drive chair
    was a standing chair which allowed all the positive things things of
    standing in terms of weight bearing. To prevent loss of muscle mass,
    loss of bone mass help benefit in terms of urinary tract
    infections, those kinds of things. So the answer then, while his manual
    chair was still functional for him. What he needed was a power chair. I mean,
    the chair itself was still functional. It wasn’t functional for him,
    because of the wear and tear. So, standing power chair that he
    was then he was able to use that. And now because of that, he not only continues his work
    at the library at the library. But he’s able to continue work for
    the library at another building half a block away in regard to
    their genealogical collection. So kind of was able to expand his duties. So that could have been a post employment
    service, but because of the amount of evaluation and the amount of cost
    involved in some of those things. I chose to reopen the case and, of course, I had my eye on getting another 26 for
    another program year. I’m not all that benevolent. Well, I am, but.>>[LAUGH]
    >>We had a question in regard to eligibility. To be eligible for vocational
    rehabilitation services the individual must have a physical or mental impairment
    that constitutes or results in a substantial impediment to employment and
    they must require VR services and that they would benefit from these
    services in terms of employment.>>Does that mean you
    have to have a diagnosis?>>That’s correct. Yep.
    Those are the, so there are three things in
    regard to eligibility. Diagnosis, substantial vocational
    impediment, and then the third thing, benefit from services in
    regard to employment. Anytime I say benefit,
    I’m meaning employment. So, really, what I’m looking at is
    the first two things when I’m meeting with someone and when I’m gathering
    information, it’s the diagnostic. And then,
    what are the impediments to employment? And so I gather that
    information a couple of ways. One, medical records are dated. You know we pay for
    current functional capacity evaluation, psychological evaluation,
    those sorts of things. And then in regard to substantial
    impediment for employment, sometimes it’s reasonably apparent. Lot of times I tell them on the work
    you’re doing, what can’t you do? Or what can’t you do in the way
    that you used to do it? And I gathered that information
    a lot of times from them. So for example I mentioned that
    degenerative disc disease and a lot of times you meet a person
    at work in construction or work for the railroad,
    any number of things, with degenerative disk disease and
    typically it’s between the L3, L4, L5, S1. So you have fairly constant pain either
    down the back of the leg which would be between L five and
    S one lumbar vertebrae, five and the sacral vertebrae. So pain down the back of the leg or. The side or the front. As well as right there and in the hip. And so, they can no longer
    walk on uneven ground, or no prolonged standing,
    a whole eight hour shift. No prolonged walking. No lifting, carrying. So, those kinds of things. And so, an example, construction, or
    working for the railroad, or agriculture. No repeated bending, twisting. You know,
    those would be the functional limitations. To require services and
    to benefit from those services, I kind of default to the person. And it says they want to work and
    they have a role in mind and I take them at their word. And if I thought they didn’t benefit, we go back to the,
    it’s not a subjective decision on my part. It has to be objective and
    we evaluate that. So types of services
    are the assessments that I mentioned. Counseling and guidance,
    that’s everything I do should come under that umbrella,
    counseling and guidance. Vocational and other training. Physical and mental restoration. Example of physical restoration may be
    assistance in purchasing a prosthetic. Mental restoration maybe, counseling. Support toward training you know
    mileage reimbursement, childcare, living maintenance and one of
    the questions that I was asked before we got started too is about
    variations from state to state. This is probably one area where
    there would be a lot of variation. Variation from one state policy to
    another’s in regard to support services. Interpreter services. Job development placement services we,
    I mean, employment is our whole goal and
    so that’s. That’s a fairly common
    service on each plan. Occupational licenses,
    currently I have two, actually they’ve graduated, two people who just graduated in
    regard to becoming registered nurse. And so you know they need to set for the exam and that sort of thing and
    that cost in Indiana it cost $250, $200 for one exam and $50 for
    licensing of some sort. So we’re able to reimburse them that,
    we build that into the plan. Home and vehicle modification, assistive
    technology, small business development. This may be an important
    development aspect for people who work with AgrAbility,
    if there is a significant change in the operation
    to accommodate some of the functional limitations
    that my have occurred. That may require some business
    development and assistance that way. My approach would be, personally would be
    to look at it as retaining employment. You know if it’s Smith’s farm whatever,
    I’d want to look even though you’re gonna change the operation I’d want
    to look at retaining it, as oppose to creating a whole new
    business, but that maybe an area. And I know in regard to Indiana, that is
    one area where we purchased services from AgrAbility in terms of consultation for
    small business development. Transition services refers to high school students transitioning from public school into adults services and the others. The IPE, the individualized plan for
    employment drives all services. If it’s not on the plan,
    we can’t pay for it. And in some ways, the plan which
    is agreed upon by the consumer, the individual, and me, the VR counselor,
    approved by my supervisor. That is, I don’t say this out loud, but
    I think of it in terms of a contract. That if it’s on the plan,
    I’m committed to provide that service. And so I really worked with
    the person to really try and make sure we get everything that
    may be necessary onto the plan. The comprehensive assessment, all of
    the the information that we would get, we would gather before hand in
    terms of the occupational goal. The services necessary the tools equipment
    necessary the assistive technology necessary whatever it may be that would
    all come from various evaluation or assessment. And that would be the rationale for
    putting it on the plan. Once the plan’s in place,
    then we provide services. And these are examples of assessment. And again, depending on what
    the functional limitation may be. The plan has to have these components,
    a specific employment outcome. My approach to that is be as broad as
    possible, because I wanna be inclusive. And I’ve not been asked to
    make it narrower than that, so in some instances such as the person
    who’s completed the nursing program. I’m not using general labor there,
    I am actually using nursing and then probably I’ll stick health
    care worker just in case but, and then again, that has to be agreed on,
    I mean, when I say I’m doing it, I mean I’m typing it into the computer,
    but the information comes from the person, from the consumer, the description
    of the services The timeline, of course the timeline’s
    always as soon possible. But they don’t let us put ASAP in there. You have to put a date. And then a description of the vendor
    who’s gonna provide the service. How are we gonna evaluate whether
    the service is successful or whether it’s doing what we intend for
    it to do? And then the terms and
    agreements are the responsibilities.>>[INAUDIBLE] For something from
    someone when your doing that? When it’s someone that you don’t know
    that will be doing it do you request for feedback?>>Yeah, I get progress report. In regard to the nursing student for
    example. That at the end of each academic term
    they provide me with their grades. And they have to remain eligible for
    student aid. Which means a grade point average 2.0 or
    above and then making progress toward completion. They basically can have one semester below
    2.0, and that’s called academic probation. And they’re still eligible for
    services for aid from voc rehab. Well there are a whole lot of caveats,
    but essentially academic suspension. Then they need their own
    resources to bring it back up. So that’s an example of progress in
    regard to the wheelchair I mentioned. After he had received the wheelchair. There was fitting to make sure that
    things were adjusted and fit properly. In regard to the vehicle
    modification I mentioned. There was an after check to make sure the
    equipment was installed as specified by the evaluation, the prescription. Make sure all the equipment was there,
    make sure it was all working. Make sure the tie downs were
    where they should be so he could access them,
    those kinds of things. All through there would be progress or
    benchmarks or things that we would
    want to keep track of. And then the 26 closure,
    that successful employment. That the person agrees to it, that it’s
    consistent that they’re able to do it. That they’re interested in doing it and
    its within in the limitations. There’s no perfect match. But if the consumer’s satisfied, I mean,
    that’s kinda how I measure that myself. And that can include self employment,
    it can include telecommuting, it can include business ownership,
    such as owning your farm. But the job the in integrated environment,
    in other words not a sheltered workshop. And then after they’re placed
    into employed status 90 days after the exception would be in
    regard to supported employment. In the work that you guys do,
    you may not encounter that too often. But there may be a longer
    period of time before closure, to make sure the person,
    the term we use is, stable on the job. Basically, what that means is working
    as independently as possible, and that would be at or
    above federal minimum wage. So we had a question regard to referrals. Anyone can make a referral. AgrAbility staff can make a referral,
    a physician can make a referral, a high school teacher can make a referral. A pastor can make a referral,
    a parent can make a referral. What I ask for, at a minimum, is the person’s name and
    how to get a hold of them. To complete the referral screen,
    I need the name, the address, the social security. Actually I don’t need that to complete it. I need to complete the application,
    date of birth, gender, telephone number, referral source. In regard to the person
    you were referring to. If you were to call the local office and
    give them the name, the person’s address,
    the person’s phone number. Date of birth if you know that,
    what you guess the disability may be, or what you know it is. That would be enough
    to get things started. How to get a hold of them?>>So could that person I know that
    she’s undergoing tests right now because the doctor says I don’t
    know what it is, is that too soon? And she’s having a very difficult
    time with medical bills because she’s only on food stamps and help from
    her township trustee that’s all she has. And so we’re trying to get her
    from point A to point B, but I don’t know if it’s
    too early to refer her. But she can no longer work.>>My answer is going to be vocational
    rehabilitation is a slow process, and so it’s probably never too early.>>Okay.>>In certain situations, we may find, in fact that it is to early, I don’t know, but I wouldn’t worry about that. If I were the referral source,
    I wouldn’t worry about that.>>Okay.
    >>I would make the referral and let vocational rehabilitation
    kinda work through that. So, we talked a little
    bit about the funding. It’s a state federal match. How can AgrAbility staff
    make a good referral? And what I tell folks is if you think they could benefit
    from our services refer them. I don’t expect you to do the eligibility. I don’t expect my high school teachers or the high school teachers I
    work with to determine that. And I’ve always worked for supervisors who allowed me to be
    inclusive in determining eligibility. They didn’t expect me to be exclusive, they didn’t expect me to
    weed out those who apply. They have always expected me to be
    inclusive in making those decisions. So I’m making an assumption that
    that’s what you would experience. So did we kinda address that? Okay, we talked a little
    about eligibility. So, getting up to the top two things. How can VR work with farmers to get back
    to farming, and then the benefits of VR. So, in reverse order, do you have any specific questions
    in regards to benefits of Voc Rehab? Basically in regard to AgrAbility
    we serve as a partner and funding source, or I hope we do that. And I guess part of your question,
    if you were making a referral to me. I may rely on, what do you know in
    regard to the functional limitations? I may rely on you to help me to
    understand how whatever the diagnosis or the situation is. How does that affect this person
    in their work on the farm? What is it they can’t do? And this isn’t in regards to
    people in agriculture, but it’s people in every business. They typically aren’t asked
    those kinds of questions. And they have trouble giving good answers,
    or are perhaps a little shy in terms
    of saying they can’t do something. So I may rely on that
    kind of input from you in regard to further on after the referral,
    or after the application process. I may rely on input in regard to,
    what are the accommodations necessary? Or what is the technology necessary? What are the changes? So those sorts of things. Any other specific questions
    that you may have?>>You mentioned that, if they would have,
    you’d find it successful, if they were, they attained the job that was paying
    minimum, minimum, federal minimum wage. How do you measure that for a farmer?>>Yeah. Well, this is my answer, and,
    you know, if you talked to half a million VR counselors,
    you may get a different answer. But I’m gonna take what they tell me.>>Or what they tell you it is.>>[LAUGH] And I’m not,
    I’m not gonna ask to produce tax forms. I mean, I know it’s, you know, depending on the type of agriculture,
    you know, you use credit to finance your operation. And then the payday is all,
    you know, at the end or whatever, with the exception of dairy maybe, where,
    you know, there’s a monthly milk check, or, or maybe a, you know,
    a farrow finish operation, or something where, you know,
    there’s a regular turnover, but on it. So, you know, I’m gonna just kind of
    work with the person to figure it out. And, and I’m not gonna, and the other thing then is I’m not going to
    divide by the 80 hours a week they work. I’m only gonna divide by 40. So that’s how,
    that’s how I would approach it.>>So if it’s paying,
    the farmer is paying its own bills, then, you know it can sustain itself with this.>>I don’t know, well, we would figure
    that out, and I probably wouldn’t.>>Okay, no, I just, thank you.>>I’m not gonna penalize folks for
    working, you know, and demand things, so yeah, I don’t know. That’s not a very good answer, but I’m pretty honest about
    what I just told you about. Hopefully, yeah.>>When you provide the job placement,
    does it have to be full time employment?>>She asked does the job placement have
    to be full time, and no, it doesn’t. And again, we’re looking,
    we’re considering the abilities and then their interests and
    then their limitations. I have a lot of folks on my case load
    who receive Social Security Disability. And, and to earn wages above the SGA
    Substantial Gainful Activity amount, you know, would, they don’t wanna do that. So, so,
    I’ve had probably the smallest amount, and again, this wasn’t in regard to
    Social Security or anything else, it was in regard to what
    the person was able to do. It was probably four hours a week,
    two-two hour days. And that’s what the person
    relied on others for transportation in terms of stamina and
    attention. And some of those things and
    in terms of what they were capable of, and what the employer was able to provide for
    them to do, to be productive. It ended up, being, you know, four hours. So there isn’t a, there isn’t a specific
    stipulation in regard to that. So, anyway, our time is pretty much up.>>Have you had anybody
    fall through the cracks or anything that something might happen and
    they fell through the cracks and then you had to make up for this person. Has anything like that ever occurred.>>Yeah. The, couple of different things, and our session’s kinda over because
    there’ll be another one, but. So, I’ve had people disappear. By the way, when we talked about
    the plan in regard to responsibilities, what I, the only responsibilities I put on
    a person is that they do their best and that they follow through. And by follow through,
    I mean don’t disappear. You know, respond to letters,
    respond to phone calls. If you got questions, if you got problems,
    if you got concerns, you gotta talk to me. Because I can’t, you know, I don’t know
    what they are if you don’t tell me. And, so I’ve had that happen. The other side of that is I tell people, don’t hesitate to ever call me because,
    you know, I’m working with a lot of folks, and
    if you wonder what’s going on, call me. You know, so
    there are folks I’ve forgotten about. And there are folks that I’ve made the
    sticky note and lost the sticky note and wake up at 3 in the morning and, 3 in
    the morning, three months later, you know. And so, yeah, it happens. Was that what you were asking me?>>Yeah.>>Yeah.
    >>There’s time through our program when people sometimes,
    they just disappear [LAUGH]>>Yeah, and I, well, you know, I’ve probably made every mistake
    that can be made, you know. I just tried not to make
    it the same mistake twice. And sometimes people aren’t ready,
    you know. When they first apply, sometimes they
    aren’t ready and sometimes later they are. And I get, I mean, I’ve had people apply
    three and four and five times, and we never, you know, we never. Well maybe on the fifth time we do, or
    the fourth time, or whatever it may be. Sometimes I say, so
    what’s gonna be different this time? But I don’t prevent them from applying and I don’t prevent, you know, so,
    I don’t know, is that what you wondered.>>Yeah, thank you very much.>>Okay.>>Sure. Sure.
    >>Thank you. [APPLAUSE]

    Brazil’s Geography Problem
    Articles, Blog

    Brazil’s Geography Problem

    August 14, 2019

    This video was made possible by Skillshare. Learn from 21,000 classes for free for two
    months at There are plenty of lines you can draw on
    the globe but perhaps none is more consequential than the equator. Of the 15 wealthiest countries
    in the world as measured by GDP per capita, all are in the northern hemisphere. Only 800
    million of earth’s 7.6 billion residents live south of the equator. There is a clear
    divide between north and south but of those 800 million people a quarter of them, about
    207 million, live here in Brazil. The country is an exception to the global trend. Brazil
    is the fifth most populous country in the world and the most populous entirely within
    the southern hemisphere. Its economy has grown enormously and the country is quickly developing.
    Although, the very land it sits on stacks the odds against it. Its location gives it
    a disadvantage. Given this, the question is whether Brazil can develop into a world superpower
    by the likes of the US, Europe, Russia, India, and China or if the country is doomed to fail? Brazil, of course, looks like this but in
    reality almost 80% of the country’s population lives here—within 200 miles of the coast.
    You do see a concentration of population near the coast in any country as it provides a
    cheap and easy means of transportation by boats and a source of food through fishing
    but few countries have such a severe concentration of people by the oceans as Brazil. This small
    area, for example, is home to three of Brazil’s six largest cities. Normally this would help
    development as the area in between cities will urbanize but this map doesn’t tell
    the whole story—this one does. You see, this area of Brazil is rather mountainous.
    The major cities mostly exist in small pockets of low-altitude, flat land on the ocean. This
    is because major cities need easy water access to get goods in and out. The majority of Brazil’s
    coast is defined by steep, sheer cliffs. Petrópolis, for example, a suburb of Rio, is a mere 13
    miles from the ocean and yet it sits at almost 3,000 feet of altitude. The rare areas with
    low-altitude land on the water are where cities like Porte Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Recife
    are but this pattern has two consequences. First, these cities, while being on flat land
    themselves are surrounded by cliffs and mountainous regions which means their growth is limited.
    There are plenty of cities that exist in mountainous regions but the world’s largest and most
    influential cities like London and Delhi and Beijing all exist in areas with absolutely
    no geographical features limiting their growth. The fact that Brazil’s cities locate in
    rare low-altitude coastal land means that the country will likely never have a megalopolis
    by the likes of the Pearl River Delta or the US Northeast. It takes a surprising six hours
    to drive between Rio and Sao Paolo and since there’s no low-altitude coastal land in
    between them, there are really no major cities in between them too. Brazil’s cities are
    confined to the geographically convenient areas which are spread out from each other.
    This means the cities can’t collaborate easily with each other thereby limiting Brazil’s
    impact on the world stage. Like any large country, Brazil’s development
    potential is also linked to how it gets its food. This, in fact, might be Brazil’s greatest
    obstacle as it really doesn’t hav e much great farmland, at least yet. The country’s
    main agricultural region is its south which is blessed with great soil and great rivers
    that help transport crops away from their farms. Interestingly, the same elevation that
    leads to steep coastal cliffs causes rivers to run in a counterintuitive direction. The
    Tietê river, for example, starts near Sao Paolo a mere 10 miles away from the Atlantic
    ocean but then runs inland almost 500 miles where it flows into the Paraná River which
    eventually flows out into the ocean near Buenos Aires, Argentina. If a farmer wants to export
    their food abroad, it’s often cheaper to first ship it the thousands of miles by boat
    on these rivers than just hundreds of miles overland to Brazil’s coast due to their
    poor road infrastructure. This means that Argentina gets the business of packing up
    and shipping Brazil’s food to other countries. That’s just lost money for Brazil as a result
    of their geography. Brazil’s south, though, does not even have enough land to feed the
    country’s own 200 million residents. Given that, the question is where to put the rest
    of the farms. In Brazil’s north is the Amazon basin. The
    central feature of this region is, of course, the Amazon River which is navigable for boats.
    Normally this feature would lead to a significant population as navigable rivers serve as cheap
    and easy transport for crops and goods but the banks of the Amazon are a tough place
    to farm or live. Not only are they muddy and unstable which makes building difficult, but
    the Amazon also regularly floods which means that every year many of the communities on
    the banks of the Amazon can have their streets underwater for months. Building and living
    in the Amazonian cities is difficult, but what’s more difficult is building the roads
    in and out. The largest city in the Amazon, Manaus, is home to 2.6 million people, it’s
    as big as Baltimore, and yet there are only three roads connecting the city to the outside
    world. Many of the smaller towns around the Amazon have no roads going in and out as its
    just incredibly costly and difficult to build roads through the rainforest. In fact, rather
    unbelievably, there is not a single bridge spanning over the Amazon so there is no way
    to drive from the northernmost region of Brazil to the rest without taking a ferry. Overall,
    this whole area is just empty. Even if there was the infrastructure to transport crops
    to market, farming in the Amazon involves clearing huge amounts of land and even then,
    the soil is relatively infertile which leads to poor yields. Despite being Brazil’s largest
    state, Amazonas is home to just 1.8% of its population. It just costs too much to build
    the infrastructure needed to live there. To the south of the Amazon, though, is an
    area known as the Cerrado. This vast savanna used to be in the same category as the Amazon—it
    was empty. The problem was not only that there was no natural network of rivers to get crops
    out of the area but also that the soil was too acidic and lacking enough nutrients to
    easily grow large quantities of crops. Between both the Amazon and the Cerrado being off-limits
    for large-scale farming, that meant that Brazil really didn’t have much land at all for
    farming. 30 years ago, with only the south to farm, Brazil was actually a net importer
    of food—it bought more food from other countries than it sold. That was until researchers discovered
    that all you needed to do to fix the soil was add phosphorous and lime. The phosphorous
    served as a fertilizer in the place of natural nutrients and the lime worked to reduce the
    level of acidity. In the early 2000’s, the country spread more than 25 million tons of
    lime per year and so today the Cerrado accounts for 70% of Brazil’s farmland. In addition,
    Brazil has begun growing soybeans. This plant is normally grown in more temperate climates
    such as the US, northern China, or Japan, but through cross-breeding and genetic modification
    it can be modified to grow in warmer and acidic environments such as the Brazilian Cerrado.
    Thanks to the enormous amount of land Brazil has and these technological advancements the
    country has gone from producing 16% of the world’s soybean in 2005 to 31% today.
    A country’s level of development is often to linked to how good its natural transportation
    system is. That’s part of why the US developed so much so fast—it has a great system of
    navigable rivers right in its agricultural heartland that helps get goods from the fields
    to cities fast and inexpensively. The Brazilian Cerrado, though, does not have that. It doesn’t
    even have much of a preexisting network of roads since before this recent agricultural
    advancement barely anyone lived there. Therefore anyone who wants to farm in the Cerrado has
    to find land, level it, treat it with phosphate and lime, and build roads to get supplies
    in and crops out. Cerrado farms can be profitable but it takes an enormous amount of money to
    build the infrastructure needed to start a farm. It’s not like the US or France or
    China where all you need is some land. The consequence of this is that farms in Brazil
    tend to owned by corporations rather than individuals because only corporations have
    the money to build farms. That therefore increases the level of wealth disparity in Brazil. According
    to the World Bank’s Gini index, Brazil is the 11th most economically unequal country
    in the world. Lower wealth disparity and the emergence of a middle class are indicators
    of economic development so the country should want to fix this. Brazil’s government has
    recognized its infrastructure problem as a source of its wealth disparity and has therefore
    worked to build roads in the interior so that more individuals can run farms but the government
    only has so much money to spend and it’s a big country.
    Brazil does, though, understand the importance of its core. It understands that the coastal
    cities are constrained and that economic development will come from the center. It was partially
    for that reason that the country decided to move its capital from Rio de Janeiro to here—Brasília.
    The thinking was that putting the capital in the core would stimulate the economically
    underdeveloped region and, in many ways, it worked. The city simply did not exist before
    1960 yet today more than 4 million people live in its metropolitan area. Being located
    on relatively flat land unlike Rio, the city can just grow and grow and grow without hinderance.
    Brazil has potential, but its defining issue is that it’s an expensive place. It’s a
    vicious cycle. In order to make money, Brazil needs to invest in its infrastructure but
    without people making money it doesn’t have the tax money to build what it takes t o transition
    into the first world. The question of why tropical countries are less developed is an
    enormous one without a clear answer, but Brazil is one of the most likely candidates to break
    this trend. It certainly lags behind other developing countries like China, but as its
    agriculture industry develops it will become a bigger and bigger exporter which will bring
    more money in. With time, its average income will inch up. The country already does have
    major companies in other industries such as banking, manufacturing, and oil but with how
    big Brazil is, agriculture is the one that’s the world’s focus right now. Only France,
    Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States export more agricultural products per year
    which is good company to be in. Brazil may not have the explosive growth rate of some
    other less developed countries but by continuously taking what it earns and reinvesting it to
    open up more of the country to agricultural production it will continue its path to superpower
    status. One of the common questions I receive is how
    I started making these videos. The first step was learning the skills needed from writing
    to research to sound design and editing, but for each and every one of them there’s a
    course on Skillshare. Skillshare, you see, is an online learning community that has more
    than 21,000 classes on whatever you want to learn. The variety is astounding. You can
    learn skills to help you make videos, to show off at parties, or even to help you get a
    job. There are also some great courses taught by fellow YouTubers such as Mike Boyd and
    Kurzgesagt. What’s best about Skillshare is that you can try it all for free for two
    months exclusively by going to Skillshare makes this show possible and its
    a great place to learn or improve your skills so please do check them out, once again, at Thanks for watching and I’ll see you again in three weeks for another
    Wendover Productions video.

    Electric Fence 101: Corner Brace Installation Guide – Zareba® Systems
    Articles, Blog

    Electric Fence 101: Corner Brace Installation Guide – Zareba® Systems

    August 12, 2019

    In this segment, you’ll learn how and when
    to build bracing at end and corner post locations. You’re now ready to build bracing at the
    end in corner post locations. As a rule, any fence with six or more
    wires requires double bracing. Set the vertical brace post 42 inches
    deep. A single brace assembly works for fences of
    five wires or less. The horizontal brace post length affects
    the strength and holding ability of the entire brace assembly. Horizontal braces should be eight feet
    long. Using a tape measure or the horizontal brace as a guide, mark where you will drive the vertical
    brace post eight feet from the end post. With all vertical brace posts in place,
    the next step is to measure and drill the holes for the brace pins
    that will hold the horizontal braces in place. These braces are best placed between the
    top two fence wires. Brace spins are 3/8th inch diameter
    galvanized steel pins in both five-inch and 10-inch links. To install use a 3/8th
    inch diameter by 10 inch long drill bit. Drill into the end post approximately
    2.5 inches. At the vertical brace post, drill
    completely through the post. Next, pound the brace pin into the center of
    the horizontal brace post. Slide the horizontal brace post with the
    5-inch brace pin into the hole on the end post. If necessary, trim it to fit snugly
    between the end and second vertical post. Pound the 10-inch brace pin through the
    second brace post and into the horizontal brace. Leave about two inches expose on the far
    end for anchoring the brace wire. Or if you’re building a double brace,
    leave the exposed pin to hang the second horizontal brace. Now that all posts are in position, it’s
    time to install the brace wire that holds the brace together. First, drive a staple horizontally about
    four inches up from the ground, on the outside of the end post. Next,
    lace the vertical brace post with high tensile wire, in a double figure 8 pattern. Position
    the wire under the staple on the end post and on top of the exposed brace pin. Pull out as much slack as possible. Next, install an inline strainer in the
    upper half for the wire wrap. Use at least two crimping sleeves to
    attach the strainer. As you tension the wire, you’ll notice the other
    strands pull around the posts, so there is even pressure around all
    strands. For safety, trim wire close to crimping sleeves.

    Making an H-Brace
    Articles, Blog

    Making an H-Brace

    August 11, 2019

    [music] Yeah, we’re going to probably go about
    right here. So we want to hole right there. Absolutely try to dead center split that
    post. A little more. You should stay about the same height and we… …want a hole there, kind of heading
    directly towards those posts in… …horizontal. Smack in the center of that
    post as you can. [drill whirring] -Like you’re drilling to the other end.
    Line it up. [drill whirring] -Drill right in line with the post.
    We’re going to fit that post between those two. That’s why we need some slop
    on one of them. [laughter] -Yeah, we can probably pull those out. -I have a hammer here somewhere.
    Where’d my hammer go? There. Now you can tamp that post! -That’s okay, but… -Tamping is the most important part. [post tamping] -If you put your wire up here and then
    down there as you squeeze it together… …it’s going to push this post that way,
    and that’s going to brace it against the… …wire stretching this way.
    So, this time we definitely need staples at… …both ends. We’re gonna, again,
    gonna wrap our wire around. [clanking] -Maybe a good, sensible deal would be to start by just putting a staple in down low. [pounding]
    -You don’t want it to slip off the staples. -Leave a little bit loose, so all it’s
    gonna do is hold it there. -No. When you… when you wrap, you
    probably want to… I think you probably… …want to kind of get it going at this right
    angle as quick as you can. That way it’s… …a lot less likely to loosen up. Rather
    than, you know, run it along the wire. -It works better with gloves. -Okay, another trick when you go to wrap this…
    what you’d like… …to probably do is… do kind of like he did
    there. Maybe get your wrap in here… …but get it at a place where you actually
    have to tip it off to the side to get by… …this post. That way, when you get it
    wrapped up, you can just flip it up here… …and it’s not going unwind. Okay.
    So if you get it about here, you want to be a… …little ways away from either end, I think…
    but kind of wrap it so that if you have to… …you might have to, you know, weave it
    back and forth to get by. But the idea, and what I’m getting at is…
    once we get it wrapped up pretty good, then we… …can swing it over, and it’s not going to
    come unwrapped. It’s going to butt up… …against this this brace post here.
    All we want to do is brace this, so as we put… …tension on it with… when we stretch the
    wire, that it’s coming up against… …something solid, and it’s not going to
    move. We’re not going to end up with… …a post that’s leaning in here over the
    years. That’s what we want…so… …that’s probably fine. [music]

    7 Most Useful Machines That Do Incredible Things !
    Articles, Blog

    7 Most Useful Machines That Do Incredible Things !

    August 9, 2019

    welcome to TTI welcome to a whole new
    world of science and technology today we are going to explore some incredible
    super machines which you have never seen before
    so sit back relax and enjoy my friends number one slj 900 as we know Chinese
    government is superfast in everything thanks to slj 900 machine from a Chinese
    company be WMC now there is no excuse for corrupt politicians in delaying
    national developments and infrastructure projects although it is huge in size
    weighs approximately 580 tons with 300 feet of total length in 24 feet wide
    this mega machine is made to accelerate bridge constructions the working
    mechanism for this machine is very simple first this machine has to be
    adjusted precisely with the neck supporting platform by extending its
    hydraulic arms then another sliding support has to be attached with the same
    platform and further the machine moves with large girder blocks then it lowers
    the block at its accurate position and this process is repeated again and again
    till the completion of this project this slj 900 is supported by a total of 64
    wheels which split up into four sections means it has 16 wheels each in addition
    each section can rotate 90 degrees enabling the entire machine to drive
    sideways why is bridge construction slow in your country what do you think about
    it number two tiger cat 107 5b tiger cat is
    a powerful machine which is designed and manufactured for extreme roadways it’s
    powerful enough to transport wood up to its load capacity which ranges from 15
    to 20 tons thanks to its caterpillar track it is capable of going anywhere
    Tiger cat has two highly resistant treadmill arms with robust blades
    located at the rear of the vehicle preparing the soil for replanting is
    generally referred to as scarification which is the process of breaking up the
    untamed surface after the land has been harvested these arms are used to break
    through the branches and leftover tops to expose the soil to more light water
    and access the nutrients which encourages strong healthy root formation
    and boost the productivity number three multi pack c14 the bullets multi pack
    manipulation system is developed by the company artisan thanks to that now you
    can save the costs of labor and time with respect to the traditional
    procedure providing the significant benefit to the producer the c14 multi
    pack incorporates an improved system for a continuous and constant working cycle
    of bale packing thanks to its design it’s very simple to operate the operator
    has full control of this machine during its mechanical and operational
    simplicity it is easy to understand their functions not only does the
    operator have enough comfort inside the cabin but the outdoor visibility is
    great as well a single operator is sufficient to carry out the entire
    process without the need for specialization the c14 multi pack has
    various benefits such as less need for frequent adjustments more work and less
    time and it’s also adaptable to all types of small bullets regardless of its
    size number four trucks paid you may love
    Trump or hate Trump but we have to admit that we should protect our environment
    as we know it’s very difficult to save big trees during national development
    projects many trees are cut unnecessarily and the best solution to
    this is the truck Spade introduced by Arbor Co Australia’s most professional
    tree care company truck Spade is an innovative vehicle with an unusual
    hydraulic arm this arm has six metallic petals which is capable of digging and
    penetrating the ground without damaging the roots of the tree after enough
    penetration it’s metallic petals are precisely conflicted with the hydraulic
    pressure to hold the tree strongly after completing this critical process now
    truck Spade is ready to lift the tree gradually and after that this tree is
    ready for planting in another possible region it also provides opportunities to
    plant trees for public park constructions another version is also
    available for small-scale plantations with faster processing capabilities
    meets Bobcat tree spade speed up production in cut labour costs by using
    the Bobcat tree Spade to turn your loader and switch free digging
    transplanting and loading machine the overlapping blades the operators dig and
    transplant trees with speed and efficiency a compact short tower design
    allows the tree Spade to easily squeeze between closely planted trees while
    maintaining excellent visibility and by using integrated joystick controls
    operating the tree spade is easier and more comfortable than ever built for the
    maximum durability this attachment is ideal for applications such as nurseries
    golf courses DNR’s and parks and recreation
    departments guys I request you to participate in the green mission to save
    our planet number five Karara robotics when robots
    truly become sentient this is the robot we’ll need to make sure is truly and
    well locked away in a giant vault made of diamonds this robot in question is
    two Karara a wire cutting robot that you can see
    here it can cut through marble like a chainsaw through snow once you’ve gotten
    over the fear of a robot that can cut through almost anything take a moment to
    actually enjoy the fact that until the robot revolution does happen the kurara
    will be creating utterly beautiful shapes out of solid marble this robot
    has diamonds saturated wire which is used to cut through the metal while a
    constant spray of water helps to cool the process resulting in that
    effortlessly smooth finishing number six esque has a vent cleaning the eskas event cleaning is a company
    specialized in cleaning event areas through years of experience they have
    also developed a unique method ask as event cleaning is an innovative company
    with its specially designed machines that get all land at a small or large
    event cleaned in the fastest possible way this machine is the duality of a
    truck and a vacuum cleaner with the large volume capacity its operational
    speed is 10 miles per hour this gives it enough speed to clean the
    given area it has two massive suction tubes in front of the machine allows it
    to collect the waste of various sizes and different materials from the ground
    the unloading process of collected trash can be done in a matter of seconds just
    open the back port both actions are automatically performed and can be
    controlled from the driver’s cabin aside from the garbage collection this machine
    can be used to clean fallen leaves on the streets number 7 kalashnikov’s
    Hoverbike a Russian defense company has developed
    a flying vehicle that recently took to the air as a manufacturer’s
    demonstration to show what it can do the hovercraft built by Kalashnikov gets its
    lift from 16 sets of rotors and appears to run on battery power not fuel it’s
    likely that a future version of this vehicle might be used by military as
    Kalashnikov is already involved in the production of defense equipment and
    ammunition as well as combat vehicles Kalashnikovs doesn’t look particularly
    scary but it does look a little windy that show would definitely be useful
    guys I want to try this crazy thing what about you thanks for watching which
    machine did you find the most interesting impressive and useful let me
    know in the comments below be sure to subscribe and don’t forget to click on
    that little Bell icon to be notified of new uploads take care and I will catch
    you in my next episode peace