Human Evolution: Crash Course Big History #6
Articles, Blog

Human Evolution: Crash Course Big History #6

August 23, 2019


Hi, I’m John Green. Welcome to Crash Course
Big History Project where today we’re going to talk about the Planet of the Apes films. – What’s
that? Apparently, those were not documentaries. But there was an evolutionary process that
saw primates move out of East Africa and transform the earth into an actual planet of the apes…but
the apes are us. And then we made the movie and then some prequels
and some sequels and some reboots and now sequels to the reboots. Man, I can’t wait until I get to see the 2018
reboot of this episode of Crash Course Big History I hear they get James Franco to play
me. [Theme Music] So we’re about halfway through our series
and after five episodes involving no humans whatsoever today we are finally gonna get
some people. Mr. Green, Mr. Green! Why are we already at
humanity, I mean if we’re covering 13.8 billion years shouldn’t humanity come in like, the
last two seconds of the last episode? I mean humans are totally insignificant compared
to the vastness of the universe, like we should be checking in on how Jupiter’s doing. Fair point, Me From the Past; Jupiter by the
way, still giant and gassy. There’s two reasons why we focus a little
more on humanity in Big History; the selfish reason is that we care about humans in Big
History because we are humans. We are naturally curious to figure out where we belong in the huge
sequence of events beginning with the big bang. Secondly, humans represent a really weird
change in the universe. I mean, so far as we know, we are one of the most complex things
in the cosmos. Whether you measure complexity in terms of
biological and cultural building blocks or networks or connections, I mean, we’re kind
of amazing! Now I realize that many of our viewers will be offended by our human-centric
bias, but humans are amazing. I mean, we invented the internet and we invented animated GIF
and we invented Dr. Who and then we invented Tumblr, a place where all of these things
can come together! So 65 million years ago, catastrophe wiped
out the dinosaurs and we saw the adaptive radiation of a tiny shrew-like ancestor of
humans that would look more at home like, next to a hamster wheel than in your family
album. Let’s set the stage in the Thought Bubble. So the slow waltz of plate tectonics continued
to pull Eurasia and the Americas apart expanding the Atlantic Ocean, primates colonized the Americas,
and separated by the vast Atlantic, continued their separate evolution into the new world monkeys —
which is not a band name, although it should be. Then around 45 million years ago, Australia
split from Antarctica and while mammals out-competed most marsupials in the Americas (except animals
like possums), Australia saw an adaptive radiation of marsupials. This, of course, meant that
later, one-hundred thousand years ago when the Americas were having their share of mammoths
and saber-tooth tigers, Australia was having a spell of gigantic kangaroos, marsupial lions,
and wombats the size of hippos. Then, somewhere around forty million years
ago, India, which had been floating around the southern oceans as an island, smashed
into the Eurasian continent with such force that it created the world’s tallest mountain
range, the Himalayas. Meanwhile, in Africa, Primates continued to
evolve and twenty-five to thirty million years ago, the line of the apes diverged from theold-world
monkeys and no, neither you, nor a chimp, is a monkey, nor did we evolve from the monkeys that
are around today – those are like our cousins. Moreover, we did not evolve from chimpanzees,
the chimpanzee is a cousin as well, not an uncle. We are not more highly evolved than
they are; Instead, our lines of descent split off from a common ancestor with chimpanzees
about seven million years ago. Then chimpanzees further split into a separate species, the
Bonobos. Knowing about this common ancestry tells us a lot about our shared traits with
other primates. For instance, we all have fairly large brains,
relative to our body mass, we have our eyes in the front of our heads from the days when
we hung out in trees and depth perception was an excellent way of telling how far away
the next tree branch was so as to prevent us from plummeting to our deaths, and we also
have grasping hands, to make sure, you know, that you could hold onto the branch in question.
Primates also have hierarchies, social orders whether male or female led, that determine who gets
primary access to food, mates, and other benefits. Thanks Thought Bubble! So, our closest evolutionary
cousins, the chimpanzees, can tell us a thing or two about shared behaviors. For one thing,
while all primates have a hierarchy of alphas and betas, humans and chimps, who share 98.4%
of their DNA, are the most prone to team up together and launch a revolution against the
alpha male. We’re also both prone to ganging up, roaming our territory, and beating up
unsuspecting foreigners of the same species, and not for direct survival reasons. Chimpanzees have been observed finding a lone
chimp male from another group and kicking, hitting, and tearing off bits of his body
and then leaving the helpless victim to die of his wounds, and humans definitely bear
this stamp of our lowly origin, where indeed, the imperfect step-by-step process of evolution
made us highly intelligent, but still, with prefrontal cortex’s too small, and adrenal
glands maybe too big. Aggression and blood lust are definitely part
of our shared heritage, and, looking at more recent human history, does that really surprise
anyone? Contrast that behavior, for a moment, with the more peaceful Bonobos, who are female-led,
and when a male in her group gets a bit pushy, the females are prone to gang up and teach
him a lesson. When it comes to inter-group encounters in the wild, the male Bonobos seem
tense around strangers at first, until usually, the females from each group cross over and just
have sex with the newcomers, completely diffusing the tension. Talk about make love, not war
– Bonobos are hippies. While our common ancestor with chimpanzees
around seven million years ago was more suited to living in forests and seeking refuge from
danger by climbing trees, climate change in East Africa made things colder and drier,
and many forests were replaced by woodlands and wide-open savanna. Life in the savanna
meant our ancestors needed to run from predators rather than climbing trees, so our line shifted
away from the bow-legged stance reminiscent of chimpanzees, and developed bipedalism,
where our locomotion came from legs that were straight and forward-facing. There’s still some debate about when bipedalism
first began, but we know that by the first australopithecines around four million years
ago, our evolutionary line was bipedal, this also freed up our hands. Australopithecines were not very tall, standing
only just above a meter, or just above 3.5 feet, and had brains only a little bigger
than modern chimpanzees. They were largely herbivores with teeth adapted for grinding
tough fruits and leaves. Australopithecines may have communicated through gestures and
primitive sounds, but their higher larynx meant that they couldn’t make the range of
sounds required for complex language. There was probably a lot of pointing and grunting
going on. Kinda like me, before 6 am. By 2.3 million years ago, homo habilis arrived
on the scene. They weren’t much taller than australopithecines, but they had significantly
larger brains – though still a lot smaller than later species. Excitingly, homo habilis
is known to have hit flakes off of stones to use them for cutting. Now, lots of species
use tools, for instance chimpanzees use sticks for fishing termites out of the ground, they
use rock hammers and leaf sponges and branch levers and banana leaf umbrellas. A lot of
these skills don’t seem to arise spontaneously, just because of the intelligence of individuals,
but, like in the case of termite fishing, chimpanzees pass the information on by imitation
– primate see, primate do. In a way, this social learning is sort of
cultural, yet, succeeding generations of chimpanzees don’t accumulate information, tinker with
it, and improve upon it, so that after 100 years, chimpanzees are owners of highly efficient
and wealthy termite fishing corporations. Similarly, as impressive as homo habilis stone-working
abilities are, we see very little sign of technological improvement over the thousands
and thousands of years that habilis existed. Same goes for homo ergaster erectus, who was
around 1.9 million years ago. Homo ergaster erectus had an even bigger brain,
was taller, and they even seemed intelligent and adaptable enough to move into different
environments across the old world. They may have even begun our first clumsy attempts
at fire, which is vital for cooking meat and vegetables, opening up opportunities for more
energy and even more brain growth. But still, there’s not much sign of technological
improvement, their tools got the job done, if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it. Yet 1.78 million years ago, we do see homo
ergaster creating a wide new range of teardrop hand axes in Kenya. By one-point-five 1.5
million years ago, these teardrop axes had rapidly become common, and had improved in
quality and were shaped with a flat edge into multi-purpose picks, cleavers, and so forth. Archaeologists see this as the first possible
sign of tinkering and improvement of technology that may have been transmitted by social learning. A
faint glimmer of something new. Why is this important? Well, humans didn’t get to where we are
because we’re super-geniuses. It’s not like invented the Xbox One out of the
blue one day, it was an improvement upon the Xbox 360 which was an improvement upon earlier
consoles, arcade machines, computers, and backward onto the dawn of video games.
In the same way, we didn’t just invent our modern society by sudden inspiration, it’s
the result of 250,000 years of tinkering and improvement. This is where accumulation matters
– it’s called collective learning, the ability of a species to retain more information with
one generation than is lost by the next. This is what has taken us, in a few thousand years,
from stone tools to rocket engines to being able to have the Crash Course theme song as
your ringtone. Progress! If there was collective learning in homo ergaster,
it was very slow and very slight. This may have been due to limitations on communication,
abstract thought, group size, or just plain brain power. But over the next two million
years, things started to pick up. Homo antecessor, Homo Heidelbergensis and the Neanderthals
developed the first systematically controlled use of fire in hearths, the first blade tools,
the earliest wooden spears, the earliest use of composite tools, where stone was fastened
to wood, all before homo sapiens were ever heard of, around 250,000 years ago. Neanderthals even moved into colder climates,
where they were compelled to invent clothing, they used complex tool-manufacture to produce
sharp points and scrapers and hand-axes and wood handles, and they improved their craft
over time. While evolution by natural selection is a
sort of learning mechanism that allows a species to adapt generation after generation, with
a lot of trial and error, and death – collective learning allows for tinkering, adaptation,
and improvement on a much faster scale with each generation and across generations without
waiting for your genes to catch up. Anatomically similar homo sapiens have been
around for about 250,000 years, and throughout that time, we’ve been expanding our toolkit
from stone tools to shell fishing to trade and actual fishing, mining, and by 40,000
years ago we had art, including cave images, decorative beads and other forms of jewelry,
and even the world’s oldest known musical instruments – flutes carved from mammoth ivory
and bird bones. All this stuff came about as a result of collective
learning. As long as you have a population of potential innovators, who can keep dreaming
up new ideas and remembering old ones and an opportunity for those old innovators to pass
their ideas onto others, you’re likely to have some technological progress. These mechanisms are still working today – we’ve
got over seven billion potential innovators on this planet, and almost instantaneous communication,
allowing us to do so many marvelous things including teach you about Big History on the
internet. So life for early humans was pretty good,
like foraging didn’t require particularly long hours – the average work day for a forager
was about 6.5 hours. When you compare that to an average of 9.5 hours for a peasant farmer
in medieval Europe, or the average of nine hours for a typical office worker today, foraging
seems downright leisurely. Quick aside: I work thirty minutes a day less
than a peasant farmer in medieval Europe? That’s not progress! Stan, I want more time
off! Stan just pointed out that I have a chair,
something that peasant farmers in medieval Europe did not enjoy, and I want to say that
I’m very grateful for my chair. Thank you for my chair, Stan. Anyway, a forager would go out, hunt or gather,
come home, eat, spend time with the family, dance, sing, tell stories, and foragers were
also always on the move, which made it less likely that they’d contaminate their water,
or sit around waiting for a plague to develop. And with their constant walking and their
varied diet, foragers were in many ways healthier than the peasants of ancient civilizations.
There were also, in some ways, healthier than us, but we have antibiotics for now, so we
live longer, for now. The classic view of foraging life is best
described by Thomas Hobbes, who wrote: “No arts, no letters, no society, and which
is worst of all continual fear and danger of violent death and the life of man, solitary,
poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Except, not really. I mean, life for the average
person in twelfth century France was also a smidge nasty, brutish, and short, and the
lack of wealth disparity in foraging cultures may imply greater equality between social
rankings and even between the genders since female gatherers appear to be responsible
for the majority of food collected, rather than the hunting males. And from that perspective,
life was kind of ruined by the advent of agriculture and then, later, with states, as Jean-Jacques
Rousseau said, “The first person, who having enclosed a plot
of land, took it into his head to say, ‘this is mine’ and found people simple enough to
believe him, was the true founder of civil society. What crimes, wars, murders, what
miseries and horrors would the human race have spared, had someone pulled up the stakes
or filled in the ditch and cried out to his fellow men: ‘do not listen to this imposter,
you are lost if you forget that the fruits of the Earth belong to all, and the Earth to no one'” and thus summarizes one of the great debates
in the world of political science. Man, Big History discusses everything! Now, it’s possible
that neither Rousseau nor Hobbes was completely correct, and that, like, private property and agriculture
didn’t create the glory days or end them. Like, as previous mentioned, all primates
have a dominance hierarchy of some kind. Also, you don’t need a wealth disparity to drive
human beings to hurt each other – like, surveys of excavated remains from the paleolithic
indicate a murder rate that was possibly as high as ten percent. Now, those statistics
are still disputed, but despite the relatively short work day, life in the paleolithic sounds
a lot less appealing when you consider the high murder rate, and also, the occasional
infanticide. That’s not even to mention the old or disabled people who, when they couldn’t
keep up anymore, were abandoned to die in the wild. I can’t help but feel that I might
not have thrived in the paleolithic what with my visual impairment and general lack of interest
in hunting. Anyway, we call this the Hobbes vs. Rousseau
debate, and it’s still unresolved. I mean, humans may have been corrupted in many ways
by society, on the other hand, it’s possible a lot of the crimes and follies of human history
may just be symptoms of our coping with the bad wiring left to us by evolution. You know, humans are a bit of an obsolete
machine, we aren’t particularly well-suited to the many lifestyle changes that have happened
in the past few thousand years – faster than our genes can keep pace with. But how you
interpret the lives of early human foragers largely determines your view of history and
also the fundamental nature of the human character. Ask yourself which side you sit on: Is humanity
fundamentally good and corrupted by technology and modern social orders, or are we fundamentally
flawed and in need of some sort of structure and authority? Or is there some kind of both/and way
of addressing the question? Here at Crash Course, we don’t have answers, but we are grateful that
you’re pondering these questions with us. In any case, collective learning was really
good for our survival, but then, 74,000 years ago, disaster struck. A super-eruption at
Mt. Toba on the island of Sumatra in present-day Indonesia clouded the skies with ash and cooled
the climate. Plants and animals, a.k.a. food, died off and genetics studies showed that this
reduced the human population to a few thousand people. So as a result of this, we aren’t
exactly inbred, but there’s more genetic diversity between two of the major groups of chimpanzees
in Africa than there is in all of humanity. So this small group heroically recovered and
spread out of Africa 64,000 years ago, colonizing diverse environments and continuing to innovate.
For 13.8 billion years since the beginning of the universe, complexity had been rising
in a powerful crescendo, but in the space of a few millennia, collective learning was
about to make things really bonkers. More on that next time.

100 Comments

  • Reply Kshitiz Garv May 19, 2019 at 1:44 am

    John Green > James Franco

  • Reply Edruezzi May 19, 2019 at 7:36 am

    Humans are superlative in a lot of ways and the human brain is undoubtedly complex. Humans are however not the most complex components of the universe.

  • Reply mahdi g7x May 20, 2019 at 11:13 am

    مافي عرب

  • Reply Tish Bish May 20, 2019 at 10:54 pm

    Human from apes…….lol

  • Reply Stolen Password May 21, 2019 at 4:16 am

    Hey John remember when I helped you with one of your novels on Stickam along with your brother and some other YouTubers? RIP stickam

  • Reply Thelittlechannel ! May 21, 2019 at 4:26 am

    I LOVE CRASH COURSE!!!!! THANK YOU FOR MAKING SCHOOL RELEVANT AND FUNNY AND INTERESTING AND IM STILL LISTENING!!!!

  • Reply TheStarflight41 May 21, 2019 at 1:20 pm

    This video is my new favorite fantasy. I really love the genre. This is a bold statement I know but this eclipses Alice in Wonderland, The Wizard of Oz, The Hobbit, and even the entire Lord of the Rings trilogy. Kudos to everyone involved. A classic for the ages….

  • Reply G Blake May 23, 2019 at 7:04 pm

    So much “jokey” nonsense and wasting time and excessive “personality”. Pop science on YouTube is so dumbed down and made for mass consumption and entertainment. Not a place to go if you are serious about these topics

  • Reply Ryan Cary May 23, 2019 at 11:58 pm

    You all making this sound like common knowledge loses me so help me understand where did the monkeys come from how do we get from fish to monkey do we share DNA WITH FISH why not life started in the ocean right 98% shared with monkey only leaves 2 % to share with where all life on earth started from

  • Reply JTuaim May 26, 2019 at 6:55 am

    What a great series. I'm not human but I wasn't offended. I'm some kind of spirit cloaked in flesh.

  • Reply Nicolas Szabo May 26, 2019 at 4:33 pm

    you should do a contest where the winner gets to be on an episode with you

  • Reply Kannan Ravinther May 27, 2019 at 4:32 pm

    Now I understand Paleolithics humans tells something of human morality bcs they killed their friends ,(10%) murder rate,they abandoned their elderly in wild….wait !we still have that …what might be the problem…lost perspective of their position in existence maybe

  • Reply Anurag Aziz May 29, 2019 at 4:48 pm

    Humanity as a byproduct of large scale applicable-to-all-living-beings evolution has some flaws and those flaws are the reason humanity still suffers in 21st century. People spend 600 Billion $ in defense and millions die wanting for a bowl of hot meal at the same time. It is flawed and with time I hope it will improve on itself and become the actual Intelligent Design Species Richard Dawkins thought of. PEACE!!!

  • Reply lemonvolt May 30, 2019 at 5:41 am

    out of africa was debunked and they can only connect austrilopithecus to the natives of south africa, good day.

  • Reply Gengonglike Arbukle May 31, 2019 at 12:26 pm

    We don't need structure and authority, but we are flawed, we just need to control ourselves and live for ourselves, also authority is the very humans who are flawed, and also I won't be ruled by any authority, my right to freedom alone makes it wrong for authority to rule over me.

  • Reply Antione Berry May 31, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    it's the 21st century and we need a woman-president and a woman-vice-president right now!

  • Reply Damn Commies June 5, 2019 at 9:21 pm

    >This machine kills fascists
    Okay. I'm happy I noticed this before the video really started, now I'm not gonna waste my time on leftist political propaganda.
    I disliked.

  • Reply peteq1972 June 7, 2019 at 11:31 am

    How are we, humans, so incredibly weak compared to other apes. Did our ancestors loose strength in some kind of trade off as intelligence went up? We are so weak compared to animals in general

  • Reply GG SAY June 7, 2019 at 1:06 pm

    I like the humor.

  • Reply TheStarflight41 June 9, 2019 at 10:14 am

    Macroevolution and the fossil record are antithetical. Period. That's why we keep hearing about the same dozen or so fossils over, and over, and over again. It is the evolutionists themselves that demonstrate the grossly insufficient number of transitional fossils. They have been forced to come up with the ridiculous hypothesis of Punctuated Equilibrium to try to explain the sudden appearance of new species and myriad stasis. Natural selection acting on random copying errors will not generate the hyper-complexity of new body plans over time. You might be able to build a Tonka toy with the mechanism though. Microevolution is certainly true but it is only a crapshoot. Nothing more. Spit out enough random copying errors and eventually, you will get lucky. A longer claw perhaps and the species survives better. Survival of the fittest. So if you have enough crapshoots you will wind up with a birds' wing? Birds make our most advanced aircraft look clumsy… even oafish by comparison.. The mutation lottery would only work in an alternate universe. Macroevolution is a huge black eye on the scientific community and it is shameful this falsehood is taught to precious young minds There is a vast difference in wondering if the theory is true and needing it to be true. The greatest hoax in the history of the world. The distrust of the so-called "scientists" pushing this agenda driven fiasco is bleeding into other fields of study. Unfortunate. It is a great irony that the theory of evolution… so proudly proclaimed as a cradle of science…. .is undoing science itself…

  • Reply Duane Gregersen June 9, 2019 at 11:09 am

    Yeah but we also invented religion so don't boast too soon

  • Reply Pouyan Momen June 10, 2019 at 12:41 am

    Such a dull non-communicative talk. Zero efforts put into info graphics and animations. Pure none-stop speech . Hard to listen

  • Reply Neonz27 June 10, 2019 at 9:27 am

    Technology itself is not the demise of mankind, but rather the purpose and use of said technology is and will be.

  • Reply Greg Bond June 11, 2019 at 5:17 am

    Another clear reason why religion is such Nonsense .
    We have physical, environmental, scientific, and fossil proof that evolution is very real yet people are still brainwashed and can’t let go of fairytales written thousands of years ago.

  • Reply Tristan Thorndyke's Rock N Roll Cannibals June 11, 2019 at 3:56 pm

    "Heroically" survived? I mean, I'm glad the human race got saved, but I wouldn't call banging your cousin "heroic".

  • Reply XxShrimpkingxX Xxx June 11, 2019 at 5:23 pm

    This isn't real…god created us and science wants to cover that.

  • Reply Mr Fantastic June 11, 2019 at 8:51 pm

    This video is somewhat racist to non-humans

  • Reply Mr Fantastic June 11, 2019 at 8:51 pm

    This video is somewhat racist to non-humans

  • Reply NABEEL ABDULBARI KHAN June 12, 2019 at 12:48 pm

    Wow DOTA reference in Crash Course , made my day

  • Reply peculiarlittleman June 14, 2019 at 2:21 am

    "Stone tools to rocket engines!" and from rocket engines to stone tools.

  • Reply Alan Dromirecki June 14, 2019 at 6:22 am

    The narrators voice and mannerisms are so nauseating, I had to stop watch.

  • Reply Mario Rugeles June 14, 2019 at 5:46 pm

    Robert Sapolsky 4:02 🙂

  • Reply Sam Sung June 14, 2019 at 8:41 pm

    If u google evolution u will see there's both "evolution theory" and "evolution fact" one says animals can change characteristics over time but they do not become a completely different species & the other says its possible depending on environments that a reptile can become a mammal over a long period of time. You decide what you want to believe lol

  • Reply James155 June 15, 2019 at 2:32 am

    Natural selection and Evolution is complete BS so you believe somebody in a lab coming guessing what happened millions of years ago and science is always changing so it’s never a fact it’s always a guess 🤣🤣✌️

  • Reply Kyle Rogers June 18, 2019 at 2:42 am

    Is this still relevant after Graham Hancocks theories?

  • Reply John Bowen June 18, 2019 at 10:48 am

    Ask your teacher to explain if " Survival of the fitness " as Darwin states is true than how come democracies are on the rise and dictatorships are on the fall ? In a democracy its not survival of the fitness the law of cooperation is how everything works as proven in your body 12 trillion cells all working together .

  • Reply PapaJoeB June 21, 2019 at 12:26 am

    Hobbes was not talking about foraging life.

    and what's your source for 13:42? Old and disabled were abandoned to die?

    Good vid though. I enjoy the channel

  • Reply Thai Hoang June 21, 2019 at 5:31 am

    I read somewhere at the order human remains were found in a cave in China. So it was China not Africa. The dragons they talked about were the dinosaurs.

  • Reply Saba6611 June 22, 2019 at 9:17 pm

    Jews, they claim, are coming from apes. Gentiles prove they were created by God.

  • Reply Katie Arbuckle June 23, 2019 at 2:20 am

    Bonobos are Hippies…I love that. We crazy creatures came so far.

  • Reply RonZombie91 June 23, 2019 at 1:15 pm

    How is raced explained thru evolution? I've never thought about that…

  • Reply parth hiren June 23, 2019 at 10:38 pm

    This seems like the first bit of Yuval Noah Harrari's Sapiens

  • Reply AROD247YT June 24, 2019 at 3:54 pm

    Where is James Franco, he is still not here

  • Reply 1GODISNOWHERE1 June 26, 2019 at 1:02 am

    Evolution and Religion are synonymous. This is a "crash course" in wishful thinking leading to only fairy tales.

  • Reply DiabolicDoug June 26, 2019 at 7:52 pm

    You would surf Tumblr John, you would…

  • Reply DWPB June 27, 2019 at 2:13 pm

    Rip creationisn

  • Reply Ace The Mace Siyam June 27, 2019 at 11:55 pm

    We want more Tom geeen!

  • Reply Otto Von Bismarck June 30, 2019 at 1:34 pm

    God damn it i wish i was still a Monkey.

  • Reply Alan Ames July 1, 2019 at 8:20 am

    I like the idea of Crash Course but I really don't like this guy as a host. There is something that seems off about him and it makes it hard for me to actually care about anything he is saying

  • Reply Green Sprite July 1, 2019 at 12:26 pm

    We should do something to prevent evolution now

  • Reply veni vidi vici32 Stuart July 1, 2019 at 4:34 pm

    Haha John Green has a man crush on James Franco.

  • Reply ED ED July 2, 2019 at 10:03 am

    Aww man Christians are not gonna like this one.

  • Reply Roland Go July 4, 2019 at 1:02 am

    People who still believes in human evolution is so darwinian 19th century thinkers. Soooo obsolete.

  • Reply 100 Subscribers But No Videos July 4, 2019 at 5:55 pm

    0:25 Its 2019 and I'm still waiting on that

  • Reply four321zero July 4, 2019 at 7:23 pm

    which tool do u use for animating this?

  • Reply datchet11 July 6, 2019 at 10:17 pm

    There is no evidence for this at all by the way.

  • Reply Fegalvao Vao July 8, 2019 at 5:00 pm

    adam and eva is my father and mother

  • Reply OptimusWombat July 10, 2019 at 12:54 am

    I'm not getting the James Franco mentions in the comments.

  • Reply Robert R July 10, 2019 at 4:20 am

    "The Xbox One is an improvement on the Xbox 360" xD

  • Reply TheStarflight41 July 10, 2019 at 4:40 am

    If you like a fantasy….The Lord of the Rings is better. Macroevolution is the biggest con job in history. The fossil record and macroevolution are antithetical. The mechanism claimed to drive it is the very definition of absurdity. Make that absurdity squared.

  • Reply David O Brien July 10, 2019 at 6:01 pm

    The big bang? Not just one, and it wasn't a 'bang'.. There have been 83 existences, and we are in the 84th now.

  • Reply Matt Kramer July 11, 2019 at 11:02 pm

    It's 2020. No word on the reboot.

  • Reply adil abber July 13, 2019 at 6:19 pm

    Who came first in evolution line cheken or eggs. When they figure it out then I might think it can be happen to humans to evolve from carring babies to lay them in eggs mush better😂😂😂

  • Reply Liam Scherl July 14, 2019 at 4:58 am

    Damn so all of humanity could have ended before most of it even started wit hthat one damn volcano

  • Reply weston saathoff July 16, 2019 at 9:03 am

    One wise mans as clueless as the next and each asserts himself as more intelligent. Maybe it gives us comfort to think we know what we know. All nations all people are under the same shroud of ignorance with the pursuit of knowledge, power, and control. What is our end goal ? To find eternity? End war? End suffering. These are deep thoughts of the human heart. All disciplines have the same goal to keep us from fading away to the grave. If suffering is unable to be destroyed we live in vain. For the sick and the poor will forever be destined to have the worst lives and the rich to be forever on top. Even in star wars and other fictional works there is war everywhere. Battles of power. If an after life wasn't real to what point is there to live. To die without consequence for a mans deeds. The pride of life causes man to be selfish of his own life valuing it above all.

  • Reply Raajnish K Das July 16, 2019 at 10:11 am

    FFS IT'S PRONOUNCED AS GIF NOT GIF

  • Reply kustom13rods July 17, 2019 at 1:14 am

    FUNNY YALL ONLY INFORM AND RESEARCH ONE SIDE, YES IF YOU ARE PART MONKEY "RH P.O.S" THEN YOUR LINEAGE EVOLVED, OTHEREWISE THE OTHERS DID NOT!!!!!!

  • Reply Kerrson Jireh July 18, 2019 at 5:31 am

    2019 biats

  • Reply Amber Tiwari July 18, 2019 at 5:53 pm

    humans have a collective trait or rather a passed on lesson that we dont mess with any huge or rather big animals viz.lions etc or elephant..are there any sign of such or any collective learnings among any other species?????

  • Reply joapps July 20, 2019 at 2:36 pm

    So curious how humans will evolve in the next couple of million years…if earth lasts that long or we manage to migrate to another planet(s) perhaps. Will we continue to get taller (probably), live longer (probably), develop wings to fly (interesting), communicate more efficiently with each other in eg a split second with the use of imbedded tech…which wouldve taken one hour today (kind of sad to think that i wont be around to see and experience these exciting changes)

  • Reply Bruce Gordon July 22, 2019 at 7:17 am

    Kent Hovind would ask this presenter how long it took to get to be so dumb to believe that humans came from monkeys.

  • Reply John Corinthians July 23, 2019 at 11:34 pm

    Bohoooo too much talking ! Poor video !

  • Reply kim burley July 25, 2019 at 1:00 am

    You buffoon, we has similar DNA so as to make similar proteins so we can eat them. Same kind of DNA in apples and humans. If not we couldnt eat them.

  • Reply Emil Bäckström July 25, 2019 at 1:08 am

    whats up with the 2 rings on the globe bru? =)

  • Reply Pigs In Da 6IX July 26, 2019 at 2:06 am

    Mr YouTube man, when did Adam and Eve do their thing

  • Reply Stephen Smith July 27, 2019 at 12:41 am

    An exceptionally great video among all the great videos that you guys put together.

  • Reply Landlord#uk July 28, 2019 at 12:18 am

    Lol I love stupid people who believes that we came from apes or Adam and eve which one is it I'm Lost humans are stupid. London zoo had a ape turn into a human lol 😂😂🤣🤣😂🤣🤣

  • Reply Logue Raps August 3, 2019 at 4:07 am

    So if we’re meant to evolve into technology we’ll reproduce by just building our offspring? Lol wtf who would be for that?

  • Reply skip luck August 3, 2019 at 11:15 am

    Life began in GERMANY….10 MILLION YEAR OLD TEETH FOUND IN GERMANY …VIDEO WATCH IT

  • Reply thomas fowler August 3, 2019 at 7:41 pm

    Human life started in America ( USA). Fosho

  • Reply Imperial D August 6, 2019 at 7:18 pm

    I have a QUESTION. DOes anyone know the answer to this or know a link where they disuss it? –So if all life originated from a very primitive organism. Did that organism, have the DNA of all living things that came after it? Or did tha information evolve?

  • Reply John Mulder August 7, 2019 at 7:21 pm

    what a cuckboy

  • Reply Kurt Dardis August 8, 2019 at 4:45 am

    What makes humans dominant is the opposable thumb and the ability use logic.

  • Reply Pittbull Hawk August 8, 2019 at 7:41 pm

    The full story of the making of man, is told in a 10,000 + year old writings. From an Annunaki scientist, working in his lab, with his sister Isis (mother of humanity?) Describes the failures and took him 7,000 Earth years, creating every day. The first Adam (human) was created. This book also has the murder trial of Cain, and the flood story, which says they search the world for survivors and found many! "The Lost book of Enki " He says he wrote this book so his children would know their origin. No1 book for all to read.

  • Reply Nick Walker August 10, 2019 at 5:07 am

    Wombat Hippos? Another reason I cant visit Australia. I love you all down under but ya'll are WAY too hardcore for me.

  • Reply deekshi p August 10, 2019 at 5:10 pm

    Love how crash course packs billions and billions of years in a 16 minute video ..

  • Reply The Chris August 11, 2019 at 12:27 am

    My grandparents tinkered a lot.

  • Reply Jacquot Benavides Films August 11, 2019 at 9:46 pm

    Man i love how people are so full of themselves and stupid, Evolution is a theory not a proven fact, at least the evolution that happened millions of years ago is a theory. There is evidence for recent evolution, But no matter how much evidence you have you cant 100% prove that the evolution in the past actually happened because we were never there witnessing it. What if it was a setup by aliens or some being, now im not saying that is what happened, I believe in evolution because it was how i was raised. Most of these Christians, and religious people aren't "Stupid" but were raised in believing something else and belief cannot be changed by words. That's why these people dont believe in evolution, so stop saying "We have ALL the evidence" because its not about evidence. Show some respect to the religious people

  • Reply Jacquot Benavides Films August 11, 2019 at 9:52 pm

    You know i think the reason why Humans are the most advanced species in technology is because not that were geniuses but because we have a complex communication system and is able to pass on information to the future generations instead of dying with knowledge that could never be spoken or written. Think about it, what if Dogs can communicate in fluent words they could so much. like human fathers teach their sons to look both ways when crossing streets or dont do drugs, if the father was unable to speak then how would his son know to look both ways, leading him to possibly get hit by a car. instead of having to start over every generation, the knowledge can just continue where it left off

  • Reply Keena Chabot August 12, 2019 at 10:42 pm

    Sorry John. James Franco did not play you in the remake of this video.

  • Reply gypsyTO August 13, 2019 at 9:14 pm

    only liberal idiots believe in out of africa theory the theory is so flawed it shouldnt be science

  • Reply Giant Scorpion of the Apocalypse August 14, 2019 at 10:22 am

    It's not just the similarities we see in DNA, anatomy, bones, molecules and fossils across species, it's also the differences. Once you start to learn more about these differences, you'll begin to understand the varying levels of relationship all living things have to each other.

  • Reply Prajwal Kulkarni August 14, 2019 at 5:28 pm

    Did nobody notice got refrence

  • Reply Qsa Toxic Much August 16, 2019 at 1:25 am

    so we had sex 4 million years ago

  • Reply Mike Or August 16, 2019 at 8:59 pm

    Humanity is fundamentally flawed, which renders any form of utopia or dystopia virtually impossible.

  • Reply Rafi Kamil August 17, 2019 at 12:08 pm

    idk bout this is against religion of christ and muslims

  • Reply Lonely Wolf August 20, 2019 at 3:51 pm

    So, am I right in thinking that in around 40 000 to 60 000 years mans changed from black to white skinned, brown to blue eyes, and white folk also gained an extra gene? Seems extremely quick for such big changes, especially as we have different skull shapes etc too. I thought these processes would take much much longer.

  • Reply Resurgence Of The Shadow Dragons August 21, 2019 at 8:19 pm

    Those damned Bonobos and their banana powered engines of Climate Destruction

  • Reply Resurgence Of The Shadow Dragons August 21, 2019 at 8:40 pm

    Limitations in full vocal patterns capable of giving rise to complex discussion, lead to later generations having more difficulties in retaining knowledge and information

    Lack of organized, cohesive, preservable writings, means that information is even harder to maintain across generations

    Frequent death from Disease, Hunger, or anything else really, would potentially limit information even more. Lack of cohesive, large groups of non-family units working together for continued survival, meant that complex work was difficult to pass on. Imagine instead of being able to go to a School, where people entirely ignorant of the subject (in many, not all cases), are able to give you a book that has transcribed data from hundreds or thousands of people, maintained across decades, centuries, even thousands of years, instead consider having to find the equivalent of Einstein, in a wild expanse, whom is likely not to trust you (groups competing for the same resource in order to maintain life), and then not only having to find AND convince them to teach you all that they know, but that you and they would need to live long enough to learn it all, and then too pass it on to others

    Basic skills are more manageable, such as realizing after finding a dilapidated tool, that you can use a new type of resource, or that by combining certain things together, you can create a more durable resource, but for more complex ideas, not only the resources required to realize those concepts are not present, but that the capacity to convince enough others to work with you cooperatively to achieve that goal is essentially nonexistent

    This is why they struggled to develop for so long, not because they were stupid, or intellectually incapable

  • Reply Lizard King August 22, 2019 at 11:24 pm

    bonobos are lovely! I wish humans were less aggressive and selfish :<

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